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PL EXAM 2: CARNOSAURS.avi
PL EXAM 2: CARNOSAURS.avi
Published: 2013/02/22
Channel: Walter Jahn
Bobby Tornado - Carnosauria
Bobby Tornado - Carnosauria
Published: 2012/02/23
Channel: Bobby Davis
Carnosaurio 3: Especie Mortal (1996) [Castellano]
Carnosaurio 3: Especie Mortal (1996) [Castellano]
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: Plasmic Horror
Carnosaurios (1993) [Castellano]
Carnosaurios (1993) [Castellano]
Published: 2017/03/09
Channel: Plasmic Horror
Dino-Reviews: Acrocanthosaurus by CollectA
Dino-Reviews: Acrocanthosaurus by CollectA
Published: 2015/11/08
Channel: BionicleSaurus
Carnosaur all dinosaur scenes
Carnosaur all dinosaur scenes
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: timothy w.
Carnosaur 2 Full movie
Carnosaur 2 Full movie
Published: 2014/01/19
Channel: duxxx10
Paleoworld- Carnosaurs (Part 3)
Paleoworld- Carnosaurs (Part 3)
Published: 2010/06/27
Channel: Paleoworld101
Paleoworld- Carnosaurs (Part 2)
Paleoworld- Carnosaurs (Part 2)
Published: 2010/06/27
Channel: Paleoworld101
CARNISAURUS the documentary
CARNISAURUS the documentary
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: Flybye48
Angelo peruzzi stripper a la carnosauria
Angelo peruzzi stripper a la carnosauria
Published: 2009/08/17
Channel: nocigar69
Carnosaur II (1994) Trailer
Carnosaur II (1994) Trailer
Published: 2012/04/02
Channel: DinosaurMovies1
Theropods (part2/4) - Giant theropods
Theropods (part2/4) - Giant theropods
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Anthöny Pain
Carnosaur-Tribute
Carnosaur-Tribute
Published: 2011/07/29
Channel: John Dragonfly The Raptor
Carnosaur Update!
Carnosaur Update!
Published: 2014/06/23
Channel: AGProductionsInc
AGP Unboxed: Lizardmen Carnosaur
AGP Unboxed: Lizardmen Carnosaur
Published: 2013/08/27
Channel: AGProductionsInc
Tibute to Carnosaurs and Tyrannosaurids
Tibute to Carnosaurs and Tyrannosaurids
Published: 2012/10/04
Channel: NovaBolt93
דינוזאורים | קולות של דינוזאורים -  אוצר מילים לילדים ופעוטות (T-Rex)
דינוזאורים | קולות של דינוזאורים - אוצר מילים לילדים ופעוטות (T-Rex)
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: שירים לילדים ופעוטות
Paleoworld - Carnosaurs
Paleoworld - Carnosaurs
Published: 2009/10/15
Channel: Paleoworld101
Carnosaurio - Parque Neptuno, Febrero 2017
Carnosaurio - Parque Neptuno, Febrero 2017
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Sonidos Subterraneos
Carnosaurus Tribute
Carnosaurus Tribute
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Empress_Rex
Mammoth vs Carnosaur (Syfy movie) - Carnosaur sound ideas
Mammoth vs Carnosaur (Syfy movie) - Carnosaur sound ideas
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Xavier Davis
Mundo paleolitico -01- Carnosaurios depredadores del pasado (subtitulado)
Mundo paleolitico -01- Carnosaurios depredadores del pasado (subtitulado)
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: Saavedra Damián
Carnosaur episode 4
Carnosaur episode 4
Published: 2008/04/11
Channel: demonshrieker
Top 10 Largest Carnosaurs
Top 10 Largest Carnosaurs
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: [CWC ]DylanDryptosaurus2017
Which Dinosaurs Had Feathers?
Which Dinosaurs Had Feathers?
Published: 2015/06/15
Channel: TREY the Explainer
Carnosaur SEASON FINALE
Carnosaur SEASON FINALE
Published: 2008/05/20
Channel: demonshrieker
Carnosaurio - Soneto inconcluso 16/04/16 [Pt 1]
Carnosaurio - Soneto inconcluso 16/04/16 [Pt 1]
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: Uglygirldirty
Carnosaur tribute
Carnosaur tribute
Published: 2010/01/26
Channel: BioEngineeredAlien
ALLOSAURUS FRAGILIS MADRID
ALLOSAURUS FRAGILIS MADRID
Published: 2011/06/13
Channel: Grey Wolf
Carnosaurio - Soneto inconcluso 16/04/16 [Pt 3]
Carnosaurio - Soneto inconcluso 16/04/16 [Pt 3]
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: Uglygirldirty
Dinosaurs 3D Short Movie   Carnosaur,Ankylosaurus,Tyrannosaurus,Rex,Raptors
Dinosaurs 3D Short Movie Carnosaur,Ankylosaurus,Tyrannosaurus,Rex,Raptors
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: Muscle
T-rex vs Carnosaurus
T-rex vs Carnosaurus
Published: 2015/09/25
Channel: BlueAllosaurus 121
Karl the carnosaurus
Karl the carnosaurus
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Spazehippo
Carnosaur episode 10
Carnosaur episode 10
Published: 2008/05/03
Channel: demonshrieker
TTCombats Get it painted! Lizardmen Carnosaur
TTCombats Get it painted! Lizardmen Carnosaur
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: TableTop Combat
ARK: Survival Evolved #5 - Carnotaurus Fun Times!
ARK: Survival Evolved #5 - Carnotaurus Fun Times!
Published: 2015/06/25
Channel: Primal Gaming
Carnosaur  Tribute
Carnosaur Tribute
Published: 2009/08/04
Channel: Carnosaur1994
Carnosaur episode 6
Carnosaur episode 6
Published: 2008/04/17
Channel: demonshrieker
Carnosaur episode 2
Carnosaur episode 2
Published: 2008/04/02
Channel: demonshrieker
CARNOSAUR OFFICIAL OPENING CREDITS FOR SEASON 2!
CARNOSAUR OFFICIAL OPENING CREDITS FOR SEASON 2!
Published: 2008/06/10
Channel: demonshrieker
Carnosaur Season 2 Teaser Trailer
Carnosaur Season 2 Teaser Trailer
Published: 2008/06/20
Channel: demonshrieker
Carnosaur episode 3
Carnosaur episode 3
Published: 2008/04/08
Channel: demonshrieker
Carnosaur 2x2: The Residents of Muerte
Carnosaur 2x2: The Residents of Muerte
Published: 2008/07/08
Channel: demonshrieker
Carnosaurus adventures part 3
Carnosaurus adventures part 3
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Stuffies SARI
Carnosaur 2x4: Valley of Death
Carnosaur 2x4: Valley of Death
Published: 2008/08/20
Channel: demonshrieker
Carnosaurios | Sueño felíz
Carnosaurios | Sueño felíz
Published: 2010/11/28
Channel: Makkonia
Dino battle | claymation | carnosaurus vs baryonyx
Dino battle | claymation | carnosaurus vs baryonyx
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Protoceratops skull
Los Carnosaurios: Los más temibles del Mesozoico.
Los Carnosaurios: Los más temibles del Mesozoico.
Published: 2012/01/15
Channel: RexBlazzer099
Bahariasaurus: I Know Dino Podcast Episode 139
Bahariasaurus: I Know Dino Podcast Episode 139
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: I Know Dino
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Carnosaurs
Temporal range:
Middle JurassicLate Cretaceous, 175.6–70 Ma
Giganotosaurus carolinii DSC 2949.jpg
Replica Giganotosaurus carolinii skeleton
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Clade: Avetheropoda
Clade: Carnosauria
von Huene, 1920
Subgroups

Gasosaurus
Becklespinax
Yuanmouraptor
Allosauroidea

Carnosauria is a large group of predatory dinosaurs that lived during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. While it originally contained a wide assortment of giant theropods that were not closely related, the group has since been defined to encompass only the allosaurs and their closest kin. Starting from the 1990s, scientists have discovered some very large carnosaurs in the carcharodontosaurid family, such as Giganotosaurus and Tyrannotitan which are among the largest known predatory dinosaurs.

Distinctive characteristics of carnosaurs include large eyes, a long narrow skull and modifications of the legs and pelvis such as the thigh (femur) being longer than the shin (tibia).

Carnosaurs first appeared in the Middle Jurassic, around 176 mya. The last known carnosaurs, the megaraptorans, died out around 84 mya, although there may be evidence of fossils of carcharodontosaurs from the very end of the Cretaceous, 70 to 66 mya.

Systematics[edit]

Modern cladistic analysis defines Carnosauria as those tetanurans sharing a more recent common ancestor with Allosaurus than with modern birds.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Carnosauria has traditionally been used as a dumping ground for all large theropods. Even non-dinosaurs, such as the rauisuchian Teratosaurus, were once considered carnosaurs. However, analysis in the 1980s and 1990s revealed that other than size, the group shared very few characteristics, making it polyphyletic. Most former carnosaurs (such as the megalosaurids, the spinosaurids, and the ceratosaurs) were reclassified as more primitive theropods. Others (such as the tyrannosaurids) that were more closely related to birds were placed in Coelurosauria.

Phylogeny[edit]

The clade Allosauroidea was originally proposed by Phil Currie and Zhao (1993; p. 2079), and later used as an undefined stem-based taxon by Paul Sereno (1997). Sereno (1998; p. 64) was the first to provide a stem-based definition for the Allosauroidea, defining the clade as "All neotetanurans closer to Allosaurus than to Neornithes." Kevin Padian (2007) used a node-based definition, defined the Allosauroidea as Allosaurus, Sinraptor, their most recent common ancestor, and all of its descendants. Thomas R. Holtz and colleagues (2004; p. 100) and Phil Currie and Ken Carpenter (2000), among others, have followed this node-based definition. However, in some analyses (such as Currie & Carpenter, 2000), the placement of the carcharodontosaurids relative to the allosaurids and sinraptorids is uncertain, and therefore it is uncertain whether or not they are allosauroids (Currie & Carpenter, 2000).

The cladogram presented here follows the 2010 analysis by Benson, Carrano and Brusatte.[2]

Allosauroidea

Sinraptoridae




Allosaurus


Carcharodontosauria

Carcharodontosauridae



Neovenatoridae





"Carnosaurus"[edit]

Not to be confused with Carnotaurus

"Carnosaurus" is an informal generic name, attributed to Friedrich von Huene, 1929; it a typographical error created by the translation of the von Huene monograph from German to Spanish because von Huene himself intended to assign indeterminate remains to Carnosauria incertae sedis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What do terms like monophyletic, paraphyletic and polyphyletic mean?". 
  2. ^ Benson, R.B.J.; Carrano, M.T; Brusatte, S.L. (2010). "A new clade of archaic large-bodied predatory dinosaurs (Theropoda: Allosauroidea) that survived to the latest Mesozoic". Naturwissenschaften. 97 (1): 71–78. Bibcode:2010NW.....97...71B. PMID 19826771. doi:10.1007/s00114-009-0614-x. 

Sources[edit]

  • George Olshevsky. "Re: What are these dinosaurs". Retrieved 2007-01-29.  (on "Carnosaurus")
  • Currie, P. J.; Zhao, X. (1993). "A new carnosaur (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Upper Jurassic of Xinjiang, People's Republic of China". Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. 30 (10): 2037–2081. Bibcode:1993CaJES..30.2037C. doi:10.1139/e93-179. 
  • Holtz, T. R., Jr. and Osmólska H. 2004. Saurischia; pp. 21–24 in D. B. Weishampel, P. Dodson, and H. Osmólska (eds.), The Dinosauria (2nd ed.), University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Sereno, P. C. (1997). "The origin and evolution of dinosaurs". Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. 25: 435–489. Bibcode:1997AREPS..25..435S. doi:10.1146/annurev.earth.25.1.435. 
  • Sereno, P. C. (1998). "A rationale for phylogenetic definitions, with application to the higher-level taxonomy of Dinosauria". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen. 210: 41–83. 

External links[edit]

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