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PL EXAM 2: CARNOSAURS.avi
PL EXAM 2: CARNOSAURS.avi
Published: 2013/02/22
Channel: Walter Jahn
Bobby Tornado - Carnosauria
Bobby Tornado - Carnosauria
Published: 2012/02/23
Channel: Bobby Davis
Top 10 Largest Carnosaurs
Top 10 Largest Carnosaurs
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: CWC]DylanDino2017] דילן די
PJFC-therizinasaurus vs carnosaurus
PJFC-therizinasaurus vs carnosaurus
Published: 2009/11/27
Channel: camtheTrex
Angelo peruzzi stripper a la carnosauria
Angelo peruzzi stripper a la carnosauria
Published: 2009/08/17
Channel: nocigar69
carnosaurus life
carnosaurus life
Published: 2009/11/21
Channel: camtheTrex
Science Fiction Movies 2015│Roger Corman Film   Carnosaur
Science Fiction Movies 2015│Roger Corman Film Carnosaur
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: Peitaker Wemiol
11 Carnosaurs vs 2281 Elves - Total War: Warhammer 2
11 Carnosaurs vs 2281 Elves - Total War: Warhammer 2
Published: 2017/10/14
Channel: NinjaChicken
Why did tyrannosaurs out compete carnosaurs
Why did tyrannosaurs out compete carnosaurs
Published: 2015/03/06
Channel: Josh vs Wild
19 Hell Storm Rocket Battery
19 Hell Storm Rocket Battery's vs 3040 Clanrats - Blood Patch - Total War: Warhammer 2
Published: 2017/10/27
Channel: NinjaChicken
Tibute to Carnosaurs and Tyrannosaurids
Tibute to Carnosaurs and Tyrannosaurids
Published: 2012/10/04
Channel: NovaBolt67
Homebrew Of The Week - Episode 5 - Carnosaurs
Homebrew Of The Week - Episode 5 - Carnosaurs
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: 40K Theories
Carnosaur vs. Jurassic Park
Carnosaur vs. Jurassic Park
Published: 2015/08/22
Channel: Maximum Payne
Total War  WARHAMMER II 4 Carnosaurs v 6000 + Zombies!
Total War WARHAMMER II 4 Carnosaurs v 6000 + Zombies!
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: The Gage Look
Paleoworld- Carnosaurs (Part 3)
Paleoworld- Carnosaurs (Part 3)
Published: 2010/06/27
Channel: Paleoworld101
The largest Carnosaurs!
The largest Carnosaurs!
Published: 2011/12/13
Channel: lifeform106
Carnosaurio - Parque Neptuno, Febrero 2017
Carnosaurio - Parque Neptuno, Febrero 2017
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Sonidos Subterraneos
A small carnosaur...
A small carnosaur...
Published: 2013/07/08
Channel: David Johnson
2017 ORCS Video 30
2017 ORCS Video 30
Published: 2017/12/06
Channel: ORCS YouTube
Paleoworld - Carnosaurs
Paleoworld - Carnosaurs
Published: 2009/10/15
Channel: Paleoworld101
CARNOSAURIO - DINEBRIO videoclip
CARNOSAURIO - DINEBRIO videoclip
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: César Fuentes
Stomping Land - Yelroc
Stomping Land - Yelroc's First Carnosaurus
Published: 2014/06/01
Channel: Yelroc
Carnosaurus VS Utah Raptor
Carnosaurus VS Utah Raptor
Published: 2017/11/30
Channel: ChAmP's MoTiOn
CARNOSAUR Report on "Eye To Eye with Connie Chung"   June 1993
CARNOSAUR Report on "Eye To Eye with Connie Chung" June 1993
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: fatherputz
Carnosaurios | Modelo Superheroe
Carnosaurios | Modelo Superheroe
Published: 2009/11/26
Channel: Makkonia
Carnosaurus commits suicide
Carnosaurus commits suicide
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Cory in the house
Worst Game Ever?
Worst Game Ever?
Published: 2017/12/06
Channel: J!M!B
6 Hell Pit Abominations vs 6 Feral Carnosaur!
6 Hell Pit Abominations vs 6 Feral Carnosaur!
Published: 2017/10/01
Channel: SpacyDistortion
Carnosaur-Tribute
Carnosaur-Tribute
Published: 2011/07/29
Channel: John Dragonfly The Raptor
Carnosaurio - Mundo Miserable
Carnosaurio - Mundo Miserable
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Luxo Wasteao
Carnosaur Credits
Carnosaur Credits
Published: 2008/06/10
Channel: demonshrieker
CARNISAURUS the documentary
CARNISAURUS the documentary
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: Flybye48
Tribute to carnosaurs
Tribute to carnosaurs
Published: 2007/09/16
Channel: raptorking9
Carnosaurios | Del asfalto al río.
Carnosaurios | Del asfalto al río.
Published: 2010/11/28
Channel: Makkonia
Carnosaurio - Dinebrio (video)
Carnosaurio - Dinebrio (video)
Published: 2016/04/03
Channel: demianb12
Spinosaurus vs Carnosaurus
Spinosaurus vs Carnosaurus
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Juleen Tjauw
CARNOSAUR OFFICIAL OPENING CREDITS FOR SEASON 2!
CARNOSAUR OFFICIAL OPENING CREDITS FOR SEASON 2!
Published: 2008/06/10
Channel: demonshrieker
Karl the carnosaurus
Karl the carnosaurus
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Spazehippo
Tarbosaurus / Carnosaur / Dinosaur Tribute.
Tarbosaurus / Carnosaur / Dinosaur Tribute.
Published: 2010/12/06
Channel: Protisavra
Dinebrio - Carnosaurio (8 bits Version)
Dinebrio - Carnosaurio (8 bits Version)
Published: 2015/07/22
Channel: M Quiroz
Carnosaurus!
Carnosaurus!
Published: 2011/12/31
Channel: Qole Pejorian
Carnosaurio - Caos Neanderthal
Carnosaurio - Caos Neanderthal
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: demianb12
Spore: Making a Saurophagonax
Spore: Making a Saurophagonax
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: ApexxxSpino
Carnosaur Season 2 Teaser Trailer
Carnosaur Season 2 Teaser Trailer
Published: 2008/06/20
Channel: demonshrieker
Majungasaurus vs Carnosaur
Majungasaurus vs Carnosaur
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: TerrariaDude570
Jack
Jack's Dino movie 1
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Peter Harb
Carnosaur
Carnosaur
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: jnwj1977
Carnosaurus Adventures part 1
Carnosaurus Adventures part 1
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Stuffies SARI
CARNOSAUR KILL
CARNOSAUR KILL
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: waltflick
How to draw Carnosaurs (Allosaurus, Carcharodontosaurus, Megalosaurus,...)
How to draw Carnosaurs (Allosaurus, Carcharodontosaurus, Megalosaurus,...)
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: TheDubstepAddict
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Carnosaurs
Temporal range:
Middle JurassicLate Cretaceous, 175.6–70 Ma
Giganotosaurus carolinii DSC 2949.jpg
Replica Giganotosaurus carolinii skeleton
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Clade: Avetheropoda
Infraorder: Carnosauria
von Huene, 1920
Subgroups

Gasosaurus
Becklespinax
Yuanmouraptor
Allosauroidea

Carnosauria is a large group of predatory dinosaurs that lived during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. While it originally contained a wide assortment of giant theropods that were not closely related, the group has since been defined to encompass only the allosaurs and their closest kin. Starting from the 1990s, scientists have discovered some very large carnosaurs in the carcharodontosaurid family, such as Giganotosaurus and Tyrannotitan which are among the largest known predatory dinosaurs.

Distinctive characteristics of carnosaurs include large eyes, a long narrow skull and modifications of the legs and pelvis such as the thigh (femur) being longer than the shin (tibia).

Carnosaurs first appeared in the Middle Jurassic, around 176 mya. The last definite known carnosaurs, the carcharodontosaurs, became extinct in the Turonian epoch of the Cretaceous, roughly 90 mya; reportedly later remains of carcharodontosaurids, from the Campanian and Maastrichtian epochs, are likely misidentified remains of abelisaurids.[1] The phylogenetically problematic megaraptorans, which may not be carnosaurs, became extinct around 84 mya.

Systematics[edit]

Modern cladistic analysis defines Carnosauria as those tetanurans sharing a more recent common ancestor with Allosaurus than with modern birds.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Carnosauria has traditionally been used as a dumping ground for all large theropods. Even non-dinosaurs, such as the rauisuchian Teratosaurus, were once considered carnosaurs. However, analysis in the 1980s and 1990s revealed that other than size, the group shared very few characteristics, making it polyphyletic. Most former carnosaurs (such as the megalosaurids, the spinosaurids, and the ceratosaurs) were reclassified as more primitive theropods. Others (such as the tyrannosaurids) that were more closely related to birds were placed in Coelurosauria.

Phylogeny[edit]

The clade Allosauroidea was originally proposed by Phil Currie and Zhao (1993; p. 2079), and later used as an undefined stem-based taxon by Paul Sereno (1997). Sereno (1998; p. 64) was the first to provide a stem-based definition for the Allosauroidea, defining the clade as "All neotetanurans closer to Allosaurus than to Neornithes." Kevin Padian (2007) used a node-based definition, defined the Allosauroidea as Allosaurus, Sinraptor, their most recent common ancestor, and all of its descendants. Thomas R. Holtz and colleagues (2004; p. 100) and Phil Currie and Ken Carpenter (2000), among others, have followed this node-based definition. However, in some analyses (such as Currie & Carpenter, 2000), the placement of the carcharodontosaurids relative to the allosaurids and sinraptorids is uncertain, and therefore it is uncertain whether or not they are allosauroids (Currie & Carpenter, 2000).

The cladogram presented here follows the 2010 analysis by Benson, Carrano and Brusatte.[3]

Allosauroidea

Sinraptoridae




Allosaurus


Carcharodontosauria

Carcharodontosauridae



Neovenatoridae





"Carnosaurus"[edit]

Not to be confused with Carnotaurus

"Carnosaurus" is an informal generic name, attributed to Friedrich von Huene, 1929; it a typographical error created by the translation of the von Huene monograph from German to Spanish because von Huene himself intended to assign indeterminate remains to Carnosauria incertae sedis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Delcourt, R.; Grillo, O.N. (2017). "Carcharodontosaurids remained extinct in the Campanian-Maastrichtian: Reassessment of a fragmentary maxilla from Presidente Prudente Formation, Brazil". Cretaceous Research. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2017.09.008. 
  2. ^ "What do terms like monophyletic, paraphyletic and polyphyletic mean?". 
  3. ^ Benson, R.B.J.; Carrano, M.T; Brusatte, S.L. (2010). "A new clade of archaic large-bodied predatory dinosaurs (Theropoda: Allosauroidea) that survived to the latest Mesozoic". Naturwissenschaften. 97 (1): 71–78. Bibcode:2010NW.....97...71B. doi:10.1007/s00114-009-0614-x. PMID 19826771. 

Sources[edit]

  • George Olshevsky. "Re: What are these dinosaurs". Retrieved 2007-01-29.  (on "Carnosaurus")
  • Currie, P. J.; Zhao, X. (1993). "A new carnosaur (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Upper Jurassic of Xinjiang, People's Republic of China". Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. 30 (10): 2037–2081. Bibcode:1993CaJES..30.2037C. doi:10.1139/e93-179. 
  • Holtz, T. R., Jr. and Osmólska H. 2004. Saurischia; pp. 21–24 in D. B. Weishampel, P. Dodson, and H. Osmólska (eds.), The Dinosauria (2nd ed.), University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Sereno, P. C. (1997). "The origin and evolution of dinosaurs". Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. 25: 435–489. Bibcode:1997AREPS..25..435S. doi:10.1146/annurev.earth.25.1.435. 
  • Sereno, P. C. (1998). "A rationale for phylogenetic definitions, with application to the higher-level taxonomy of Dinosauria". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen. 210: 41–83. 

External links[edit]

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