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Bobby Tornado - Carnosauria
Bobby Tornado - Carnosauria
Published: 2012/02/23
Channel: Bobby Davis
PL EXAM 2: CARNOSAURS.avi
PL EXAM 2: CARNOSAURS.avi
Published: 2013/02/22
Channel: Walter Jahn
Angelo peruzzi stripper a la carnosauria
Angelo peruzzi stripper a la carnosauria
Published: 2009/08/17
Channel: nocigar69
Science Fiction Movies 2015│Roger Corman Film   Carnosaur
Science Fiction Movies 2015│Roger Corman Film Carnosaur
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: Peitaker Wemiol
Carnosaur all dinosaur scenes
Carnosaur all dinosaur scenes
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: timothy w.
Carnosaur 2 Full movie
Carnosaur 2 Full movie
Published: 2014/01/19
Channel: duxxx10
PJFC-therizinasaurus vs carnosaurus
PJFC-therizinasaurus vs carnosaurus
Published: 2009/11/27
Channel: camtheTrex
Carnosaur II Trailer
Carnosaur II Trailer
Published: 2006/12/15
Channel: gav rye
CARNISAURUS the documentary
CARNISAURUS the documentary
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: Flybye48
Carnosaur-Tribute
Carnosaur-Tribute
Published: 2011/07/29
Channel: John Dragonfly The Raptor
Carnosaur vs. Jurassic Park
Carnosaur vs. Jurassic Park
Published: 2015/08/22
Channel: Maximum Payne
דינוזאורים | קולות של דינוזאורים -  אוצר מילים לילדים ופעוטות (T-Rex)
דינוזאורים | קולות של דינוזאורים - אוצר מילים לילדים ופעוטות (T-Rex)
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: שירים לילדים ופעוטות
Mundo paleolitico -01- Carnosaurios depredadores del pasado (subtitulado)
Mundo paleolitico -01- Carnosaurios depredadores del pasado (subtitulado)
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: Saavedra Damián
The largest Carnosaurs!
The largest Carnosaurs!
Published: 2011/12/13
Channel: lifeform106
Paleoworld- Carnosaurs (Part 2)
Paleoworld- Carnosaurs (Part 2)
Published: 2010/06/27
Channel: Paleoworld101
Theropods (part2/4) - Giant theropods
Theropods (part2/4) - Giant theropods
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Anthöny Pain
Homebrew Of The Week - Episode 5 - Carnosaurs
Homebrew Of The Week - Episode 5 - Carnosaurs
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: 40K Theories
Carnosaurus Adventures part 1
Carnosaurus Adventures part 1
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Stuffies SARI
Top 10 Largest Carnosaurs
Top 10 Largest Carnosaurs
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: CWC]DylanDino2017] דילן די
carnosaurus life
carnosaurus life
Published: 2009/11/21
Channel: camtheTrex
Paleoworld- Carnosaurs (Part 3)
Paleoworld- Carnosaurs (Part 3)
Published: 2010/06/27
Channel: Paleoworld101
Paleoworld - Carnosaurs
Paleoworld - Carnosaurs
Published: 2009/10/15
Channel: Paleoworld101
CARNOSAUR Report on "Eye To Eye with Connie Chung"   June 1993
CARNOSAUR Report on "Eye To Eye with Connie Chung" June 1993
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: fatherputz
Karl the carnosaurus
Karl the carnosaurus
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Spazehippo
ALLOSAURUS FRAGILIS MADRID
ALLOSAURUS FRAGILIS MADRID
Published: 2011/06/13
Channel: Grey Wolf
T-rex vs Carnosaurus
T-rex vs Carnosaurus
Published: 2015/09/25
Channel: BlueAllosaurus 121
Carnosaurios | Modelo Superheroe
Carnosaurios | Modelo Superheroe
Published: 2009/11/26
Channel: Makkonia
CARNOSAUR OFFICIAL OPENING CREDITS FOR SEASON 2!
CARNOSAUR OFFICIAL OPENING CREDITS FOR SEASON 2!
Published: 2008/06/10
Channel: demonshrieker
Carnosaurio - Parque Neptuno, Febrero 2017
Carnosaurio - Parque Neptuno, Febrero 2017
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Sonidos Subterraneos
Why did tyrannosaurs out compete carnosaurs
Why did tyrannosaurs out compete carnosaurs
Published: 2015/03/06
Channel: Josh vs Wild
Stomping Land - Yelroc
Stomping Land - Yelroc's First Carnosaurus
Published: 2014/06/01
Channel: Yelroc
Carnosaur episode 1
Carnosaur episode 1
Published: 2008/03/31
Channel: demonshrieker
11 Carnosaurs vs 2281 Elves - Total War: Warhammer 2
11 Carnosaurs vs 2281 Elves - Total War: Warhammer 2
Published: 2017/10/14
Channel: NinjaChicken
Jack
Jack's Dino movie 1
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Peter Harb
Dinosaurs 3D Short Movie - Carnosaur,Ankylosaurus,Tyrannosaurus,Rex,Raptors
Dinosaurs 3D Short Movie - Carnosaur,Ankylosaurus,Tyrannosaurus,Rex,Raptors
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Joshua Zeigler
Carnosaurios | Del asfalto al río.
Carnosaurios | Del asfalto al río.
Published: 2010/11/28
Channel: Makkonia
ARK ep 5 : The one with the carnosaurs
ARK ep 5 : The one with the carnosaurs
Published: 2015/09/09
Channel: Zedinkle
CARNOSAUR ENDING
CARNOSAUR ENDING
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Waheed A
Carnosaurios | Sueño felíz
Carnosaurios | Sueño felíz
Published: 2010/11/28
Channel: Makkonia
Carnosaur episode 7
Carnosaur episode 7
Published: 2008/04/23
Channel: demonshrieker
Carnosaurus commits suicide
Carnosaurus commits suicide
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Cory in the house
Carnosaur  Tribute
Carnosaur Tribute
Published: 2009/08/04
Channel: Carnosaur1994
Carnosaurus adventures part 3
Carnosaurus adventures part 3
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Stuffies SARI
Spore - Carnosaurus
Spore - Carnosaurus
Published: 2008/06/25
Channel: MCDexX
Which Dinosaurs Had Feathers?
Which Dinosaurs Had Feathers?
Published: 2015/06/15
Channel: TREY the Explainer
Carnosaurios - Animo - en Rockarlitos - Las Piedras
Carnosaurios - Animo - en Rockarlitos - Las Piedras
Published: 2007/12/11
Channel: gavilanska
Vamos a adomesticar un carnosaurio y no hay ni papa
Vamos a adomesticar un carnosaurio y no hay ni papa
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Roborovski07
Paleoworld- Carnosaurs (Part 1)
Paleoworld- Carnosaurs (Part 1)
Published: 2010/06/26
Channel: Paleoworld101
Spore: Making a Saurophagonax
Spore: Making a Saurophagonax
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: ApexxxSpino
Spinosaurus vs Carnosaurus
Spinosaurus vs Carnosaurus
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Juleen Tjauw
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Carnosaurs
Temporal range:
Middle JurassicLate Cretaceous, 175.6–70 Ma
Giganotosaurus carolinii DSC 2949.jpg
Replica Giganotosaurus carolinii skeleton
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Clade: Avetheropoda
Infraorder: Carnosauria
von Huene, 1920
Subgroups

Gasosaurus
Becklespinax
Yuanmouraptor
Allosauroidea

Carnosauria is a large group of predatory dinosaurs that lived during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. While it originally contained a wide assortment of giant theropods that were not closely related, the group has since been defined to encompass only the allosaurs and their closest kin. Starting from the 1990s, scientists have discovered some very large carnosaurs in the carcharodontosaurid family, such as Giganotosaurus and Tyrannotitan which are among the largest known predatory dinosaurs.

Distinctive characteristics of carnosaurs include large eyes, a long narrow skull and modifications of the legs and pelvis such as the thigh (femur) being longer than the shin (tibia).

Carnosaurs first appeared in the Middle Jurassic, around 176 mya. The last known carnosaurs, the megaraptorans, died out around 84 mya, although there may be evidence of fossils of carcharodontosaurs from the very end of the Cretaceous, 70 to 66 mya.

Systematics[edit]

Modern cladistic analysis defines Carnosauria as those tetanurans sharing a more recent common ancestor with Allosaurus than with modern birds.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Carnosauria has traditionally been used as a dumping ground for all large theropods. Even non-dinosaurs, such as the rauisuchian Teratosaurus, were once considered carnosaurs. However, analysis in the 1980s and 1990s revealed that other than size, the group shared very few characteristics, making it polyphyletic. Most former carnosaurs (such as the megalosaurids, the spinosaurids, and the ceratosaurs) were reclassified as more primitive theropods. Others (such as the tyrannosaurids) that were more closely related to birds were placed in Coelurosauria.

Phylogeny[edit]

The clade Allosauroidea was originally proposed by Phil Currie and Zhao (1993; p. 2079), and later used as an undefined stem-based taxon by Paul Sereno (1997). Sereno (1998; p. 64) was the first to provide a stem-based definition for the Allosauroidea, defining the clade as "All neotetanurans closer to Allosaurus than to Neornithes." Kevin Padian (2007) used a node-based definition, defined the Allosauroidea as Allosaurus, Sinraptor, their most recent common ancestor, and all of its descendants. Thomas R. Holtz and colleagues (2004; p. 100) and Phil Currie and Ken Carpenter (2000), among others, have followed this node-based definition. However, in some analyses (such as Currie & Carpenter, 2000), the placement of the carcharodontosaurids relative to the allosaurids and sinraptorids is uncertain, and therefore it is uncertain whether or not they are allosauroids (Currie & Carpenter, 2000).

The cladogram presented here follows the 2010 analysis by Benson, Carrano and Brusatte.[2]

Allosauroidea

Sinraptoridae




Allosaurus


Carcharodontosauria

Carcharodontosauridae



Neovenatoridae





"Carnosaurus"[edit]

Not to be confused with Carnotaurus

"Carnosaurus" is an informal generic name, attributed to Friedrich von Huene, 1929; it a typographical error created by the translation of the von Huene monograph from German to Spanish because von Huene himself intended to assign indeterminate remains to Carnosauria incertae sedis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What do terms like monophyletic, paraphyletic and polyphyletic mean?". 
  2. ^ Benson, R.B.J.; Carrano, M.T; Brusatte, S.L. (2010). "A new clade of archaic large-bodied predatory dinosaurs (Theropoda: Allosauroidea) that survived to the latest Mesozoic". Naturwissenschaften. 97 (1): 71–78. Bibcode:2010NW.....97...71B. PMID 19826771. doi:10.1007/s00114-009-0614-x. 

Sources[edit]

  • George Olshevsky. "Re: What are these dinosaurs". Retrieved 2007-01-29.  (on "Carnosaurus")
  • Currie, P. J.; Zhao, X. (1993). "A new carnosaur (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Upper Jurassic of Xinjiang, People's Republic of China". Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. 30 (10): 2037–2081. Bibcode:1993CaJES..30.2037C. doi:10.1139/e93-179. 
  • Holtz, T. R., Jr. and Osmólska H. 2004. Saurischia; pp. 21–24 in D. B. Weishampel, P. Dodson, and H. Osmólska (eds.), The Dinosauria (2nd ed.), University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Sereno, P. C. (1997). "The origin and evolution of dinosaurs". Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. 25: 435–489. Bibcode:1997AREPS..25..435S. doi:10.1146/annurev.earth.25.1.435. 
  • Sereno, P. C. (1998). "A rationale for phylogenetic definitions, with application to the higher-level taxonomy of Dinosauria". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen. 210: 41–83. 

External links[edit]

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