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CASTEL del MONTE ....enigma castle ** puglia italy **
CASTEL del MONTE ....enigma castle ** puglia italy **
Published: 2011/11/07
Channel: appunti qua e là
Apulia-Castel del Monte-Timeless Italy
Apulia-Castel del Monte-Timeless Italy
Published: 2012/04/20
Channel: TheGeorgetubel
Castel del Monte e l
Castel del Monte e l'acqua - Voyager 2015
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Ubaldo Occhinegro
Il mistero di Federico - Castel del Monte - Puglia - Italia.it
Il mistero di Federico - Castel del Monte - Puglia - Italia.it
Published: 2011/11/07
Channel: Italia.it
Castel del Monte - Andria - Italy - Unesco World Heritage Site
Castel del Monte - Andria - Italy - Unesco World Heritage Site
Published: 2010/11/01
Channel: THEWORLDOFTRAVEL
Castel del Monte - Apulia kőből készült koronája
Castel del Monte - Apulia kőből készült koronája
Published: 2013/04/30
Channel: stibor60
Castel del Monte Puglia viaggio in 4k  - Marcone Domenico - EP. pilota
Castel del Monte Puglia viaggio in 4k - Marcone Domenico - EP. pilota
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: Nico Marcone
Castel del Monte, Puglia 2016 ep.PILOTA
Castel del Monte, Puglia 2016 ep.PILOTA
Published: 2016/10/12
Channel: overlook 360 tv
flying over Castel  del Monte - Apulia
flying over Castel del Monte - Apulia
Published: 2014/05/23
Channel: beppe fortunato
Castel del Monte (Puglia)
Castel del Monte (Puglia)
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: Flycam - Videoriprese aeree Drone e Cablecam
Puglia 3 -  Castel del Monte
Puglia 3 - Castel del Monte
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: Paul Pesie
Castel del Monte,   Puglia, Italy
Castel del Monte, Puglia, Italy
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: Bezalel Raz
Puglia - Castel del Monte
Puglia - Castel del Monte
Published: 2017/10/13
Channel: alvarocori
Castel del Monte: The most fascinating castle built by Frederick II
Castel del Monte: The most fascinating castle built by Frederick II
Published: 2013/12/29
Channel: james carson
I castelli di Puglia tra storia e leggenda: Castel del Monte
I castelli di Puglia tra storia e leggenda: Castel del Monte
Published: 2014/06/18
Channel: fioridicartamagazine
Castel del Monte - Unesco World Heritage Site
Castel del Monte - Unesco World Heritage Site
Published: 2015/09/07
Channel: Life of Kilo
UNESCO World Heritage Castel del Monte in Puglia, South-Italy
UNESCO World Heritage Castel del Monte in Puglia, South-Italy
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: Aniek Rooderkerken
Castel del Monte - Puntata 10 - Sei in un Paese meraviglioso - Sky Arte
Castel del Monte - Puntata 10 - Sei in un Paese meraviglioso - Sky Arte
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: Autostrade per l'Italia. Gruppo Atlantia
Puglia Tour Castel del Monte
Puglia Tour Castel del Monte
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: Francisca Lehner
Castel del Monte (UNESCO/NHK)
Castel del Monte (UNESCO/NHK)
Published: 2013/09/20
Channel: UNESCO
Misteriosi sotterranei emergono ai piedi di Castel del Monte Andria   UNESCO ancient underground
Misteriosi sotterranei emergono ai piedi di Castel del Monte Andria UNESCO ancient underground
Published: 2016/04/10
Channel: Puglia Reporter
Viaggiare in Puglia a Castel del Monte nel Parco Nazionale Alta Murgia | Sabrina Merolla Vlog
Viaggiare in Puglia a Castel del Monte nel Parco Nazionale Alta Murgia | Sabrina Merolla Vlog
Published: 2014/06/16
Channel: Sabrina Merolla
Puglia 2016 - Giorno 1: Castel Del Monte e ...i trulli di Alberobello!
Puglia 2016 - Giorno 1: Castel Del Monte e ...i trulli di Alberobello!
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: HerbaPatiStyle
I misteri di Castel del Monte in Puglia
I misteri di Castel del Monte in Puglia
Published: 2012/01/12
Channel: arezzowebtv
Castel Del Monte
Castel Del Monte
Published: 2013/12/30
Channel: Werner de Klerk
Escursione su quad - ASD ZTL Castel del Monte - Corato (BA) - Puglia - Italy
Escursione su quad - ASD ZTL Castel del Monte - Corato (BA) - Puglia - Italy
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: Riparo Express
Castel Del Monte - Puglia
Castel Del Monte - Puglia
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Le Comari di Puglia Escursioni guidate
PUGLIA - Castel del Monte
PUGLIA - Castel del Monte
Published: 2012/11/25
Channel: Giancarlo Migozzi
CASTEL DEL MONTE sec. XIII - Andria Puglia Italy
CASTEL DEL MONTE sec. XIII - Andria Puglia Italy
Published: 2015/05/17
Channel: Domenico Zagaria
Riprese Full HD Castel del Monte (Andria)
Riprese Full HD Castel del Monte (Andria)
Published: 2014/01/14
Channel: MEBA ripreseaeree
Castel del Monte - Puglia. Patrimonio universale dell
Castel del Monte - Puglia. Patrimonio universale dell'Unesco
Published: 2014/11/27
Channel: Angela Campanella
Castel del Monte, forte medievale nel cuore della Puglia.
Castel del Monte, forte medievale nel cuore della Puglia.
Published: 2013/01/16
Channel: Luca Livraghi
ITALY #5 ~ DISCOVERING PUGLIA - CISTERNINO, OSTUNI, CASTEL DEL MONTE, TRANI
ITALY #5 ~ DISCOVERING PUGLIA - CISTERNINO, OSTUNI, CASTEL DEL MONTE, TRANI
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: Belita Isabel Janeira
Castel Del Monte by Nino Rota
Castel Del Monte by Nino Rota
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: Mitchell Hansen
Castel Del Monte- Nino Rota
Castel Del Monte- Nino Rota
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: Dafydd Bevil
Castel del Monte - Ensemble Calixtinus
Castel del Monte - Ensemble Calixtinus
Published: 2012/06/14
Channel: MrCalixtinus
Puglia Sveva - Consorzio Vini Doc Castel del Monte
Puglia Sveva - Consorzio Vini Doc Castel del Monte
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Studio 9/Italia
Castel Del Monte"Puglia"
Castel Del Monte"Puglia"
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: Luigina Amadio
🐲 CASTEL DEL MONTE 🐲 VLOG Vacanze a Puglia , Super Alex a Castello, Il Re di Dragon
🐲 CASTEL DEL MONTE 🐲 VLOG Vacanze a Puglia , Super Alex a Castello, Il Re di Dragon
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: Super Alex Il Mondo dei Giocattoli Apertura giochi
CASTEL DEL MONTE ANDRIA PUGLIA
CASTEL DEL MONTE ANDRIA PUGLIA
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: Sergio Taloni
Pugliaeccellente.com  Puglia on the road: Prima puntata  Castel del Monte
Pugliaeccellente.com Puglia on the road: Prima puntata Castel del Monte
Published: 2011/08/16
Channel: Puglia Eccellente
Castel del Monte
Castel del Monte
Published: 2012/10/22
Channel: rutilius70
Puglia Sveva - Introduzione, Vini Doc Castel del Monte e Olio Dop Terra di Bari
Puglia Sveva - Introduzione, Vini Doc Castel del Monte e Olio Dop Terra di Bari
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Studio 9/Italia
Turismo in Puglia: boom di visitatori. Bene il Castel del Monte e la Cattedrale di Trani
Turismo in Puglia: boom di visitatori. Bene il Castel del Monte e la Cattedrale di Trani
Published: 2014/08/19
Channel: Tele Sveva
Parcheggio Castel del Monte C.A.T. - Castel del Monte (Puglia) Parking lot
Parcheggio Castel del Monte C.A.T. - Castel del Monte (Puglia) Parking lot
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: Castel Del Monte
Places to see in ( Andria - Italy ) Castel del Monte
Places to see in ( Andria - Italy ) Castel del Monte
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Places to see in
Minecraft Timelapse #1: Castel del Monte
Minecraft Timelapse #1: Castel del Monte
Published: 2011/09/23
Channel: Xyckno
castel del monte in moto - aprile 2017 - puglia - amkov amk7000s
castel del monte in moto - aprile 2017 - puglia - amkov amk7000s
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: antonio moro
REGIONE PUGLIA. Ventola: "Castel del Monte simbolo della Puglia nel mondo"
REGIONE PUGLIA. Ventola: "Castel del Monte simbolo della Puglia nel mondo"
Published: 2009/07/10
Channel: Amica9tv
Neve a Castel del Monte (Andria) tra curiosi e pupazzi di neve
Neve a Castel del Monte (Andria) tra curiosi e pupazzi di neve
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: Puglia Reporter
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Castel del Monte
Andria
Castel del monte, esterno 05,0.jpg
Castel del Monte
Castel del Monte is located in Italy
Castel del Monte
Castel del Monte
Coordinates 41°05′03″N 16°16′17″E / 41.084167°N 16.271389°E / 41.084167; 16.271389
Site history
Built 1240–1250
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Criteria Cultural: (i), (ii), (iii) Edit this on Wikidata
Reference 398
Inscription 1996 (20th Session)

Castel del Monte (Italian for "Castle of the Mountain"; BareseCastídde d'u Monte) is a 13th-century citadel and castle situated on a hill in Andria in the Apulia region of southeast Italy. It was built during the 1240s by the Emperor Frederick II, who had inherited the lands from his mother Constance of Sicily. In the 18th century, the castle's interior marbles and remaining furnishings were removed. It has neither a moat nor a drawbridge and some considered it never to have been intended as a defensive fortress;[1] however, archaeological work has suggested that it originally had a curtain wall.[2] Described by the Enciclopedia Italiana as "the most fascinating castle built by Frederick II",[3] the site is protected as a World Heritage Site. It also appears on the Italian version of the one cent Euro coin.[4]

Location[edit]

Castel del Monte seen from above

Castel del Monte is situated on a small hill close to the monastery of Santa Maria del Monte, at an altitude of 540 m.[5] When the castle was built, the region was famously fertile with a plentiful supply of water and lush vegetation.[1] It lies in the comune of Andria, province of Barletta-Andria-Trani, occupying the site of an earlier fortress of which no structural remains exist.

The castle's construction is mentioned in only one contemporary source, a document dating to 1240, in which the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II ordered the governor of Capitanata to finish some works in it.[3] It was never finished and there is no proof that the emperor used it as a hunting lodge as commonly stated.[3] It was later turned into a prison, used as a refuge during a plague, and finally fell into disrepair. It originally had marble walls and columns, but all were stripped by vandals or re-used in constructions nearby.

Description[edit]

Octagonal footprint of the castle.

Because of its relatively small size, it was once considered to be no more than a "hunting lodge", but scholars now believe it originally had a curtain wall and did serve as a citadel.[2] Frederick was responsible for the construction of many castles in Apulia, but Castel del Monte's geometric design was unique.[1] The fortress is an octagonal prism with an octagonal tower at each corner. The towers were originally some 5 m higher than now, and they should perhaps include a third floor.[3] Both floors have eight rooms and an eight-sided courtyard occupies the castle's centre.[6] Each of the main rooms has vaulted ceilings. Three of the corner towers contain staircases. The castle has two entrances, an unobtrusive service entrance and an ornate main entrance. Frederick's main entrance featured elements from classical design, and may have been influenced by Frederick's interest in Greco-Roman architecture.[1]

Capital with faun head

The octagonal plan is unusual in castle design. Historians have debated the purpose of the building and it has been suggested that it was intended as a hunting lodge.[7] Another theory is that the octagon is an intermediate symbol between a square (representing the earth) and a circle (representing the sky). Frederick II may have been inspired to build to this shape by either the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, which he had seen during the Sixth Crusade, or by the Palace Chapel of Aachen Cathedral.

Occasionally used as a hunting lodge under Manfred of Sicily, the castle become a state prison under the latter's victor, Charles I of Anjou: here Manfred's sons Henry, Azzo and Enzo were kept as prisoner after 1266, as well as other Hohenstaufen supporters[3]

The main wall is 25 m high and the eight bastions each 26 m. The sides of the main octagon are 16.5 m long and those of the octagonal towers each 3.1 m. The castle has a diameter of 56 m. Its main entrance faces east.

Modern era[edit]

In the 18th century, the castle's marbles and other ornamentation were looted. Members of the House of Bourbon took the marble columns and window frames and reused them at their palace in Caserta.[1] What remains now includes fragments of a knight and a re-used Roman relief, while in the Provincial Gallery of Bari there are a head fragment and a cloaked, headless bust, sometimes interpreted as Frederick II.[3] After having been abandoned for a considerable length of time, the castle was purchased in 1876 for the sum of 25,000 lire by the Italian State, which began the process of restoration in 1928.[8]

Central to the plot of Umberto Eco's novel The Name of the Rose is an old fortress known as the 'Aedificium'. This was almost certainly inspired by Castel del Monte.[9][10] It was also the set for the film Tale of Tales.

In 1996 Castel del Monte was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, which described it as "a unique masterpiece of medieval military architecture".[11]

Castel del Monte is depicted on the reverse of the Italian-issue 1 Euro cent coin.

In the 1950s, soil around the castle was discovered to contain a bright red compound produced by a strain of the bacterium Streptomyces peucetius. Scientists named the drug daunorubicin and further development identified a related compound doxorubicin that finds use as a chemotherapeutic agent used to treat cancer.[citation needed]

Castel del Monte DOC[edit]

Around the castle, Andria is the Italian DOC wine region of Castel del Monte that produces red, white and rose wines. Most of the wines are blends but varietal wines can be produced as long as at least 90% of the wine is composed of the same grape. The reds are usually a blend of 65-100% Uva di Troia, up to 35% of Sangiovese, Montepulciano, Pinot noir and Aglianico. The roses include 65-100% Uva di Troia and/or Bombino nero with the other red grape varieties filling out the rest. The whites are composed mainly of Pampanuto (65-100%) with other local white grape varieties filling out the rest. Red and rose grapes are limited to a harvest yield of 14 tonnes/ha and must make a wine with a minimum of 12% alcohol level (11% in the case of rose). White wine grapes are limited to a harvest yield of 15 tonnes/ha and must make a wine with a minimum alcohol of 11%. If the wine is to be labeled a Riserva, the wine must be aged at least two years with one of those years in oak/wood and must have a minimum alcohol level of 12.5%.[12]

Gallery[edit]

360° panorama of Castel del Monte's courtyard

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Castex 2008, p. 21
  2. ^ a b Hindley, Geoffrey (1968), Castles of Europe, Great Buildings of the World, Feltham, Middlesex, England: Paul Hamlyn, p. 149, ISBN 978-0-600-01635-9 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Hubert, Houben. "Castel del Monte". Federiciana. Enciclopedia Italiana. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  4. ^ Images of Euro Coins - 1 Cent
  5. ^ Castex 2008, p. 20
  6. ^ Tuulse 2002, pp. 60–61
  7. ^ Castex 2008, p. 22
  8. ^ http://www.mondimedievali.net/Castelli/Puglia/bat/castel_del_monte.htm
  9. ^ Haft & White 1999, p. 154
  10. ^ Castel del Monte, in-italia.com 
  11. ^ World Heritage Committee, Report of the 20th Session, Merida 1996 
  12. ^ P. Saunders Wine Label Language pg 135 Firefly Books 2004 ISBN 1-55297-720-X

Sources[edit]

  • Castex, Jean (2008), Architecture of Italy, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 978-0-313-32086-6 
  • Haft, Adele J.; White, Robert J. (1999), The Key to "The Name of the Rose", University of Michigan Press, ISBN 0-472-08621-9 
  • Tuulse, Armin (2002) [1958], Castles of the Western World, Dover Publications, pp. 60–61, ISBN 0-486-42332-8 

Further reading[edit]

  • Conant, K. J. (1974), Carolingian and Romanesque Architecture 800–1200, Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-05298-7 
  • Götze, Heinz (1998), Castel del Monte: geometric marvel of the Middle Ages, Prestel Publishing, ISBN 978-3-7913-1930-8 

External links[edit]

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