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Inserting an Indwelling Urinary Catheter in a Female Patient
Inserting an Indwelling Urinary Catheter in a Female Patient
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: David Tomes
Applying a Condom Catheter
Applying a Condom Catheter
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Med School 101
Inserting an Indwelling Urinary Catheter in a Male Patient
Inserting an Indwelling Urinary Catheter in a Male Patient
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Med School 101
Male Foley Catheter Application Demonstration
Male Foley Catheter Application Demonstration
Published: 2012/06/05
Channel: UAB-SCIMS
Performing urethrovesical catheterization (Foley Probe) in female patients (ro - en)
Performing urethrovesical catheterization (Foley Probe) in female patients (ro - en)
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: MedLang Palliative
Clinical Skills - Urethral Catheterization
Clinical Skills - Urethral Catheterization
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: Med School 101
How To Insertion Female Foley Catheter||Indwelling Urinary Catheter||How to Put Foley Catheter
How To Insertion Female Foley Catheter||Indwelling Urinary Catheter||How to Put Foley Catheter
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: Nursing Skills
Foley Catheter Insertion
Foley Catheter Insertion
Published: 2011/09/13
Channel: GotSkill2
Catheterization for Female Patient
Catheterization for Female Patient
Published: 2013/06/22
Channel: Ahmed Ali
Insertion of Male Urethral Catheter
Insertion of Male Urethral Catheter
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Med School 101
Laura Nelson urinary catheter video validation
Laura Nelson urinary catheter video validation
Published: 2016/01/26
Channel: Neil Nelson
Inserting an Indwelling Urinary Catheter in a Female Patient
Inserting an Indwelling Urinary Catheter in a Female Patient
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Med School 101
Intraosseous Catheter Placement in Children.avi
Intraosseous Catheter Placement in Children.avi
Published: 2012/03/29
Channel: TEMASPEDIATRICOS
Catheter Removal | Plastic Surgeon Dr. Katzen Beverly Hills | Los Angeles | Las Vegas
Catheter Removal | Plastic Surgeon Dr. Katzen Beverly Hills | Los Angeles | Las Vegas
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Timothy Katzen
Catheter - Before Surgery
Catheter - Before Surgery
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: Frazierhughes.com
Irrigating a Urinary Catheter
Irrigating a Urinary Catheter
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Med School 101
Female Catheter Insertion
Female Catheter Insertion
Published: 2012/01/19
Channel: alexemtiaz2012
Removal of Foley Catheter (Male)
Removal of Foley Catheter (Male)
Published: 2015/01/22
Channel: Covenant Health
Male Condom Catheter Application Demonstration
Male Condom Catheter Application Demonstration
Published: 2012/06/05
Channel: UAB-SCIMS
Rusch MMG Intermittent Catheter Closed System: Female
Rusch MMG Intermittent Catheter Closed System: Female
Published: 2016/12/16
Channel: Teleflex
Intermittent Bladder Irrigation   Two Way Catheter Irrigation
Intermittent Bladder Irrigation Two Way Catheter Irrigation
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: Med School 101
How to Change Your Urinary (Foley) Catheter Drainage Bag
How to Change Your Urinary (Foley) Catheter Drainage Bag
Published: 2015/10/13
Channel: Memorial Sloan Kettering
Pulmonary Artery Catheter Insertion.mp4
Pulmonary Artery Catheter Insertion.mp4
Published: 2012/06/12
Channel: Barry Bloom
Foley catheter placement for surgery
Foley catheter placement for surgery
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Pacific Heights Plastic Surgery
Intravenous Catheter Placement
Intravenous Catheter Placement
Published: 2013/06/06
Channel: Anesthesia101
Cardiac Catheterization via Femoral Artery
Cardiac Catheterization via Femoral Artery
Published: 2012/04/03
Channel: Robinson Visual Science
Foley Catheter Insertion Female | How to Insert a Foley Catheter Sterile Technique
Foley Catheter Insertion Female | How to Insert a Foley Catheter Sterile Technique
Published: 2014/07/22
Channel: RegisteredNurseRN
Living with a Supra Pubic Catheter
Living with a Supra Pubic Catheter
Published: 2012/09/05
Channel: ikeabakeria
Male Catheter Insertion
Male Catheter Insertion
Published: 2008/02/08
Channel: sterilefield
Urinary Catheter Care | UCLA Urology
Urinary Catheter Care | UCLA Urology
Published: 2013/09/23
Channel: UCLA Health
Types Of Foley Catheter
Types Of Foley Catheter
Published: 2011/10/20
Channel: Dr. Vikram
CNA ESSENTIAL SKILLS - Catheter Care for Female (6:54)
CNA ESSENTIAL SKILLS - Catheter Care for Female (6:54)
Published: 2012/08/14
Channel: R Mayer
Urinary Catheters
Urinary Catheters
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: incontinencedoc
Emptying a Urine Catheter
Emptying a Urine Catheter
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: Infection Prevention and Control - Malta
Catheterization of Male with Foleys Catheter
Catheterization of Male with Foleys Catheter
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Medindia Videos
Female Intermittent Catheterization Demonstration
Female Intermittent Catheterization Demonstration
Published: 2012/06/05
Channel: UAB-SCIMS
Pulmonary Artery Catheterization
Pulmonary Artery Catheterization
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: Clinical Knowledge Sharing
How to flush your Suprapubic catheter
How to flush your Suprapubic catheter
Published: 2016/05/20
Channel: Live To Roll
Foley Catheter Insertion and Removal Demonstration
Foley Catheter Insertion and Removal Demonstration
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: Susanne Tanner
Foley Catheter Insertion  |  Northwest Iowa Community College Nursing Program
Foley Catheter Insertion | Northwest Iowa Community College Nursing Program
Published: 2013/10/17
Channel: NWICC - Sheldon, IA
Male Foley Catheter Removal - Best Practice Guidelines
Male Foley Catheter Removal - Best Practice Guidelines
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: uroldrberry
Perform Catheter Care CNA Skill
Perform Catheter Care CNA Skill
Published: 2012/01/23
Channel: 4yourCNA
Catheter
Catheter
Published: 2010/10/26
Channel: hopevet
Cardiac Catheter: What To Expect
Cardiac Catheter: What To Expect
Published: 2011/07/18
Channel: UofUHealth
How to Irrigate a Foley Catheter?
How to Irrigate a Foley Catheter?
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: LIFE COACH
Heart Catheterization Animation
Heart Catheterization Animation
Published: 2014/02/26
Channel: Heath and Beauty
Instructional Video for Catheter Care
Instructional Video for Catheter Care
Published: 2012/06/22
Channel: 4yourCNA
PLACEMENT OF A FEMORAL VENOUS CATHETER
PLACEMENT OF A FEMORAL VENOUS CATHETER
Published: 2010/10/09
Channel: Dr.GABER SAIED MUBARAK
3 Way Urethral Catheter Insertion
3 Way Urethral Catheter Insertion
Published: 2010/07/11
Channel: Uroemerge
Indwelling Foley Catheter Insertion
Indwelling Foley Catheter Insertion
Published: 2009/01/29
Channel: craigmdo
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Catheter disassembled
Single use urinary catheter, 40 cm

In medicine, a catheter is a thin tube made from medical grade materials serving a broad range of functions. Catheters are medical devices that can be inserted in the body to treat diseases or perform a surgical procedure. By modifying the material or adjusting the way catheters are manufactured, it is possible to tailor catheters for cardiovascular, urological, gastrointestinal, neurovascular, and ophthalmic applications.

Catheters can be inserted into a body cavity, duct, or vessel. Functionally, they allow drainage, administration of fluids or gases, access by surgical instruments, and also perform a wide variety of other tasks depending on the type of catheter.[1] The process of inserting a catheter is catheterization. In most uses, a catheter is a thin, flexible tube ("soft" catheter) though catheters are available in varying levels of stiffness depending on the application. A catheter left inside the body, either temporarily or permanently, may be referred to as an indwelling catheter (for example, a peripherally inserted central catheter). A permanently inserted catheter may be referred to as a permcath (originally a trademark).

Uses[edit]

Placement of a catheter into a particular part of the body may allow:

Inventors[edit]

Historical[edit]

The ancient Syrians created catheters from reeds. "Catheter" (from Greek καθετήρ kathetḗr) originally referred to any instrument that was inserted, such as a plug. It comes from the Greek verb καθίεμαι kathíemai, meaning "let down", because the catheter was 'let down' into the body.

Modern[edit]

The earliest invention of the flexible catheter was during the 18th century.[2] Extending his inventiveness to his family's medical problems, Benjamin Franklin invented the flexible catheter in 1752 when his brother John suffered from bladder stones. Franklin's catheter was made of metal with segments hinged together with a wire enclosed to provide rigidity during insertion.[3][4]

According to a footnote in his letter in Volume 4 of the Papers of Benjamin Franklin (1959), Benjamin Franklin credits Francesco Roncelli-Pardino from 1720 as the inventor of a flexible catheter. In fact, Benjamin Franklin claims the flexible catheter may have been designed even earlier.[5]

An early modern application of the catheter was employed by Claude Bernard for the purpose of cardiac catheterization in 1844. The procedure involved entering a horse’s ventricles via the jugular vein and carotid artery. This appears to be an earlier and modern application of the catheter because this catheter approach technique is still performed by neurosurgeons, cardiologists, and cardiothoracic surgeons.[6]

David S. Sheridan was the inventor of the modern disposable catheter in the 1940s. In his lifetime he started and sold four catheter companies and was dubbed the "Catheter King" by Forbes magazine in 1988. He is also credited with the invention of the modern "disposable" plastic endotracheal tube now used routinely in surgery. Prior to his invention, red rubber tubes were used, sterilized, and then re-used, which had a high risk of infection and thus often led to the spread of disease. As a result, Mr Sheridan is credited with saving thousands of lives.

In the early 1900s, a Dubliner named Walsh and a famous Scottish urinologist called Norman Gibbon teamed together to create the standard catheter used in hospitals today. Named after the two creators, it was called the Gibbon-Walsh catheter. The Gibbon and the Walsh catheters have been described and their advantages over other catheters shown. The Walsh catheter is particularly useful after prostatectomy for it drains the bladder without infection or clot retention. The Gibbon catheter has largely obviated the necessity of performing emergency prostatectomy. It is also very useful in cases of urethral fistula. A simple procedure such as dilatation of the urethra and passage of a Gibbon catheter often causes the fistula to close. This catheter is also of use in the treatment of urethral stricture and, as a temporary measure, in the treatment of retention of urine caused by carcinoma of the prostate.

Materials[edit]

A range of polymers are used for the construction of catheters, including silicone rubber, nylon, polyurethane, polyethylene terephthalate (PET), latex, and thermoplastic elastomers. Silicone is one of the most common choices because it is inert and unreactive to body fluids and a range of medical fluids with which it might come into contact. On the other hand, the polymer is weak mechanically, and a number of serious fractures have occurred in catheters.[7][8][9] For example, silicone is used in Foley catheters where fractures have been reported, often requiring surgery to remove the tip left in the bladder.

There are many different types of catheters for bladder problems. A typical modern intermittent catheter is made from polyurethane and comes in different lengths and sizes for men, women and children. The most advanced catheters have a thin hydrophilic surface coating. When immersed in water this coating swells to a smooth, slippery film making the catheter safer and more comfortable to insert. Some catheters are packed in a sterile saline solution.

Interventional procedures[edit]

Different catheter tips can be used to guide the catheter into the target vessel.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diggery, Robert (2012). Catheters: Types, applications and potential complications (medical devices and equipment. Nova Science. ISBN 1621006301. 
  2. ^ http://www.urologichistory.museum/content/milestones/catheterization/p1.cfm
  3. ^ "Benjamin Franklin: In Search of a Better World". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2011-08-12. 
  4. ^ Hirschmann, J.V. (December 2005). "Benjamin Franklin and Medicine" (PDF). Annals of Internal Medicine. 143 (11): 830–4. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-143-11-200512060-00012. 
  5. ^ Huth, E.J. (2007). "Benjamin Franklin's place in the history of medicine" (PDF). Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. 37 (4): 373–8. 
  6. ^ Baim, Donald (2005). Grossman's Cardiac Catheterization, Angiography, and Intervention. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 978-0781755672. 
  7. ^ McKenzie, J. M.; Flahiff, C. M.; Nelson, C. L. (1993-10-01). "Retention and strength of silicone-rubber catheters. A report of five cases of retention and analysis of catheter strength.". J Bone Joint Surg Am. 75 (10): 1505–1507. ISSN 0021-9355. PMID 8408139. 
  8. ^ Agarwal, Shaleen; Gandhi, Mamatha; Kashyap, Randeep; Liebman, Scott (2011-03-01). "Spontaneous Rupture of a Silicone Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter Presenting Outflow Failure and Peritonitis". Peritoneal Dialysis International. 31 (2): 204–206. ISSN 0896-8608. PMID 21427251. doi:10.3747/pdi.2010.00123. 
  9. ^ Mirza, Bilal; Saleem, Muhammad; Sheikh, Afzal (2010-08-14). "Broken Piece of Silicone Suction Catheter in Upper Alimentary Tract of a Neonate". APSP Journal of Case Reports. 1 (1): 8. ISSN 2218-8185. PMC 3417984Freely accessible. PMID 22953251. 
  10. ^ http://www.merit.com/PDFs/IMPRESS400741001-B.pdf Archived September 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

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