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1
Caul  _  winter rain
Caul _ winter rain
::2013/02/18::
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2
Caul - Relic
Caul - Relic
::2013/03/09::
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3
BORN in CAUL
BORN in CAUL
::2014/02/04::
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4
Caul - Hidden
Caul - Hidden
::2011/01/04::
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5
An Unassissted Home Birth-The Caul Bearer
An Unassissted Home Birth-The Caul Bearer
::2013/04/25::
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6
Water Birth - Birth With A Caul
Water Birth - Birth With A Caul
::2010/09/22::
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7
Caul - Anointing
Caul - Anointing
::2013/03/22::
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8
Waterbirth en caul of Maya Luna
Waterbirth en caul of Maya Luna
::2013/03/28::
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9
Fox 40 Caul Fingergrip Pealess Whistle
Fox 40 Caul Fingergrip Pealess Whistle
::2013/02/28::
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10
BEASTWARS - Caul of Time (New Song 2013)
BEASTWARS - Caul of Time (New Song 2013)
::2013/04/01::
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11
Chris Cosentino: How to Use Caul Fat
Chris Cosentino: How to Use Caul Fat
::2013/10/28::
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12
Caul Plays With A Puzzle - Footage for Play-based Assessment
Caul Plays With A Puzzle - Footage for Play-based Assessment
::2010/10/16::
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13
Irish Ceili dancing -High Caul Cap
Irish Ceili dancing -High Caul Cap
::2009/07/29::
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14
Twin born in caul (born in water sac)
Twin born in caul (born in water sac)
::2011/08/29::
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15
The Birth Caul 01 - The Birth Caul (I)
The Birth Caul 01 - The Birth Caul (I)
::2012/06/20::
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16
Breaking Bad: Better Caul Saul (Fatty Fat Fat)
Breaking Bad: Better Caul Saul (Fatty Fat Fat)
::2011/09/16::
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17
Bowclamp, it
Bowclamp, it's a "Good Caul" - Presented by Woodcraft
::2012/02/08::
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18
Chicken Roulade,Grainy Mustard Sauce, bed of Ratatouille. How to use Caul Fat. Crepinette de Poulet
Chicken Roulade,Grainy Mustard Sauce, bed of Ratatouille. How to use Caul Fat. Crepinette de Poulet
::2013/07/10::
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19
Caul "Radiance Falls"
Caul "Radiance Falls"
::2013/04/11::
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20
Caul
Caul
::2008/04/23::
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21
Mourning Beloveth - The Insolent Caul
Mourning Beloveth - The Insolent Caul
::2010/04/05::
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22
Caul Coker - Goes Like This by Thomas Rhett - COVER
Caul Coker - Goes Like This by Thomas Rhett - COVER
::2013/10/15::
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23
Mr Untouchable, Caul Grant, Challenges the UK Judiciary
Mr Untouchable, Caul Grant, Challenges the UK Judiciary
::2010/10/05::
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24
cam mac caul
cam mac caul
::2010/06/21::
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25
Senior Ceili ~ High Caul Cap
Senior Ceili ~ High Caul Cap
::2013/03/24::
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26
Serpent
Serpent's Caul: "Sanity Sale (aka Nico)" meets the Kilauea Volcano.
::2014/04/11::
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27
Fret Setting Caul
Fret Setting Caul
::2011/08/29::
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28
"Beyond the Veil - a Caul Bearers
"Beyond the Veil - a Caul Bearers' Handbook" by Author Shannon Lee Wolf
::2013/09/27::
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29
Caul  _  Eventide
Caul _ Eventide
::2013/10/24::
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30
Caul Grant  Interview  UK Justice Protests Exposing Corruption Urgent!!  Make Viral!! 2nd Oct 2013
Caul Grant Interview UK Justice Protests Exposing Corruption Urgent!! Make Viral!! 2nd Oct 2013
::2013/10/03::
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31
The Waterbirth of Baby Aeris Born In The Caul
The Waterbirth of Baby Aeris Born In The Caul
::2013/04/15::
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32
Harry Caul listens to The Dude
Harry Caul listens to The Dude
::2009/08/30::
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33
Merritt
Merritt's Homebirth (En Caul, Hypnobabies)
::2012/08/30::
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34
Waterbirth Baby Born Underwater in the Sac
Waterbirth Baby Born Underwater in the Sac
::2008/05/05::
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35
Colleen Caul, Founder of Run for Roses
Colleen Caul, Founder of Run for Roses
::2011/06/03::
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36
CAUL- O THOU BRIGHT CROWN OF PEARL
CAUL- O THOU BRIGHT CROWN OF PEARL
::2012/11/12::
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37
Digital Painting - Logen Ninefingers, Caul Shivers, Rudd Threetrees and the Dogman
Digital Painting - Logen Ninefingers, Caul Shivers, Rudd Threetrees and the Dogman
::2013/09/23::
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38
Caul Grant, CTJ — Declaration 2009
Caul Grant, CTJ — Declaration 2009
::2009/12/31::
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39
TAKARA TOMY CAUL RC CAR TVCF
TAKARA TOMY CAUL RC CAR TVCF
::2008/03/05::
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40
NUMINA / CAUL - Molten flow..the wind speaks
NUMINA / CAUL - Molten flow..the wind speaks
::2008/11/18::
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41
Caul - Anointing
Caul - Anointing
::2013/03/22::
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42
Dj Caul 8 Min Mix
Dj Caul 8 Min Mix
::2014/02/22::
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43
Caul Grant, CTJ 3 — Cannabis
Caul Grant, CTJ 3 — Cannabis
::2010/01/12::
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44
Barton Hollow Cover--Lindsey Shields & Caul Coker
Barton Hollow Cover--Lindsey Shields & Caul Coker
::2013/03/08::
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45
Caul "Thine is the Day, Thine is the Night/At Midnight I Arise To Give Thanks To Thee"
Caul "Thine is the Day, Thine is the Night/At Midnight I Arise To Give Thanks To Thee"
::2013/05/12::
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46
Rockler Box Joint Clamping Caul - International Woodworking Fair 2010
Rockler Box Joint Clamping Caul - International Woodworking Fair 2010
::2010/08/27::
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47
Lilly Caul in the Walking Dead Season 4 - Predictions + Discussion
Lilly Caul in the Walking Dead Season 4 - Predictions + Discussion
::2013/05/19::
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48
Caul - The Garden (Swan)
Caul - The Garden (Swan)
::2013/06/27::
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49
River Caul Bourne, Isle of Wight, in spate below Calbourne Mill
River Caul Bourne, Isle of Wight, in spate below Calbourne Mill
::2012/12/27::
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50
BEASTWARS - CAUL OF TIME (LIVE IN MELBOURNE)
BEASTWARS - CAUL OF TIME (LIVE IN MELBOURNE)
::2013/05/13::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A caul or cowl (Latin: Caput galeatum, literally, "helmeted head") is a piece of membrane that can cover a newborn's head and face.[1] Birth with a caul is rare, occurring in fewer than 1 in 80,000 births. The caul is harmless and is immediately removed by the physician or midwife upon delivery of the child.

The "en-caul" birth, not to be confused with the "caul" birth, occurs when the infant is born inside the entire amniotic sac. The sac balloons out at birth, with the amniotic fluid and child remaining inside the unbroken or partially broken membrane.

Types[edit]

A child "born with the caul" has a portion of a birth membrane remaining on the head. There are two types of caul membranes, and there are four ways such cauls can appear.

The most common caul type is a piece of the thin, translucent inner lining of the amnion which breaks away and forms tightly against the head during the birthing process. “Infrequently, in past ages as now, a baby is born with a thin, translucent tissue, a fragment of the amniotic membrane, covering its head. The remnant is known as a caul."[2] Such a caul typically clings to the head and face, but on rarer occasions drapes over the head and partly down the torso. In Germany, this would be called a "helmet" (Galea) for boys; and in Italy, for girls, a "fillet" (vitta) or "shirt" (indusium, camisia).[3] In Poland, it is called a "a bonnet" ("czepek"), for both genders.

The lesser common (unknown) type of caul tissue is adhered to the face and head by attachment points and is looped behind the ears, making the removal process more complex. In extremely rare cases, the thicker caul encases the infant's entire body, resembling a cocoon.

The rarest caul type is a thick, soft membrane of unknown tissue type, which presumably forms against the infant's head during gestation. "Cornelius Gemma, a sixteenth century physician ... described it quaintly as being '... the remnant of another membrane, much softer than the amnion, but nevertheless more solid....'"[2]

Removal[edit]

The caul is harmless and is immediately removed by the physician or midwife upon delivery of the child. If the membrane is of the amniotic tissue, it is removed by easily slipping it away from the child's skin. The removal of the thicker membrane is more complex. If done correctly, the attending practitioner will place a small incision in the membrane across the nostrils so that the child can breathe. The loops are then carefully un-looped from behind the ears. Then, the remainder of the caul can be either peeled back very carefully from the skin, or gently rubbed with a sheet of paper, which is then peeled away. If removed too quickly, the caul can leave wounds on the infant's flesh at the attachment points, which may leave permanent scars.[2]

The caul membrane in some cases will be put aside and given to the mother to preserve.[citation needed] However, the parents may or may not be told that their child was born with the caul. This depends upon the particular practice of the hospital or practitioner.

Epidemiology[edit]

Birth with a caul is rare, occurring in fewer than 1 in 80,000 births. This statistic includes caul births, which occur more frequently than authentic en-caul births; therefore authentic en-caul births are rarer than the statistic indicates.[4] Most "en-caul" births are premature.

History[edit]

According to Aelius Lampridius, the boy-emperor Diadumenian (208–218) was so named because he was born with a diadem formed by a rolled caul.[5]

In medieval times the appearance of a caul on a newborn baby was seen as a sign of good luck.[6] It was considered an omen that the child was destined for greatness. Gathering the caul onto paper was considered an important tradition of childbirth: the midwife would rub a sheet of paper across the baby's head and face, pressing the material of the caul onto the paper. The caul would then be presented to the mother, to be kept as an heirloom. Some Early Modern European traditions linked caul birth to the ability to defend fertility and the harvest against the forces of evil, particularly witches and sorcerers.[7]

A legend developed suggesting that possession of a baby's caul would give its bearer good luck and protect that person from death by drowning. Cauls were therefore highly prized by sailors. Medieval women often sold these cauls to sailors for large sums of money; a caul was regarded as a valuable talisman.[8]

In the Polish language, the idiom "w czepku urodzony/a" means a person who is always very lucky.

The Russian phrase "родился в рубашке" (literally "born in a shirt") refers to caul birth and figuratively means "born lucky". It is often applied to someone who is oblivious to a pending disaster that is avoided only through luck as if the birth caul persists as supernatural armor, and in this sense commonly appears in titles or descriptions of Russian dashcam videos.

In Romanian folklore, babies born with a Caul are said to become vampires upon death.

In literature[edit]

Charles Dickens, David Copperfield, published London 1850:

I was born with a caul, which was advertised for sale, in the newspapers, at the low price of fifteen guineas. Whether sea-going people were short of money about that time, or were short of faith and preferred cork jackets, I don't know; all I know is, that there was but one solitary bidding, and that was from an attorney connected with the bill-broking business, who offered two pounds in cash, and the balance in sherry, but declined to be guaranteed from drowning on any higher bargain. Consequently the advertisement was withdrawn at a dead loss ... and ten years afterwards, the caul was put up in a raffle down in our part of the country, to fifty members at half-a-crown a head, the winner to spend five shillings. I was present myself, and I remember to have felt quite uncomfortable and confused, at a part of myself being disposed of in that way. The caul was won, I recollect, by an old lady with a hand-basket.... It is a fact which will be long remembered as remarkable down there, that she was never drowned, but died triumphantly in bed, at ninety-two.

In Betty Smith's novel A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, Francie Nolan is born with a caul. The midwife who officiated the birth stole the caul and later sold it for $2 to a sailor from the Brooklyn Navy Yard. It was believed that whoever wore a caul could not drown.

A prophesy given to an infant born with the caul is the basis of the Grimm fairy tale The Devil With the Three Golden Hairs.

In the film Oscar and Lucinda, Oscar's father gives him the caul that was upon his head at birth. Oscar has a phobia of the ocean and of water in general, linked to the death of his mother when he was a child. He carries this caul with him until he dies, ironically, by drowning.

In the play Gypsy: A Musical Fable, Mama Rose tells Louise (Gypsy Rose Lee): "You were born with a caul. That means you got powers to read palms and tell fortunes – and wonderful things are gonna happen to you."

Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon stages a scene where observers describe Milkman as "mysterious" and "deep", while asking along if he was born with a caul.

Another myth associated with a caul is featured in the short story "The Scarlet Ibis". When the main character's brother, Doodle, is born in a caul, his aunt states that cauls are made of Jesus' nightgown and everyone must respect Doodle as he may become a saint someday.

In Stephen King's The Shining, the 5-year-old son of the main character, Danny "Doc" Torrance, is born with a caul that made him appear as if he had "no face" at the time of his birth. Although his mother and father do not believe that Danny has "second sight", Danny does have precognitive abilities throughout the story. In the sequel Doctor Sleep, the character Abra is also born with a caul and has paranormal abilities.

In Majgull Axelsson's April Witch, both of the central characters Hubertsson and Desirée are "born to the caul".

In Guillermo del Toro's and Chuck Hogan's The Fall, the second installment of The Strain trilogy, Dr. Ephraim Goodweather's son, Zack, is described as being "born in the caul".

In Ami McKay's The Birth House, the main character, Dora Rare, is born with a caul over her eyes. Because the character is born in a sailing town, the caul is considered valuable, and the mother gives it to the midwife for safe keeping. When the caul is presented to Dora as an adult, she does not allow her husband to take it and he drowns that very night.

Dean Koontz talks about cauls in his novel Whispers. One of the characters (Bruno Frye) is born with a caul. "She was fascinated. You know, some people think that a child born with a caul has the gift of second sight." However, the mother believes it's the mark of a demon.

Tina McElroy Ansa's novel Baby of the Family features a lead character born with the caul and her struggles to deal with the ability to see spirits due to her family's inability to believe in the phenomenon and properly prepare her to deal with her gift.

In Orson Scott Card's novel Seventh Son, the first part of the series The Tales of Alvin Maker, Alvin Miller (the seventh son of a seventh son) is born with a caul, a sign of his extraordinarily strong magical gifts.

In Ole Edvart Rølvaag's Giants in the Earth, Beret and Per Hansa have a son Peder Seier (or Peder Victorious) born with the caul. Per Hansa was a fisherman in Norway before coming to the plains of South Dakota, and the symbolism of the caul is important to these particular immigrants. In an attempt to stay true to the original Norwegian text, the translation refers to the caul as "the helmet".

In Brian McGreevy's Hemlock Grove, Roman and Shelley Godfrey are both born with a caul, indicating their "supernatural" nature to their mother.

In Louise Penny's mystery novel The Cruelest Month (also spelled The Cruellest Month), Inspector Jean Guy Beauvoir was born with a caul.

In Guy Gavriel Kay's historical fantasy novel Tigana, those born with the caul are marked as Night Walkers, men and women capable of entering a dream world to fight an unknown struggle for the land known as the Ember War. Possibly based on a 16th century Italian fertility cult, the Benandanti.

Notable people born "in the caul"[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ caul. Thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-15.
  2. ^ a b c http://caulbearersunited.webs.com/-%20New%20Folder/EarliestCaulBearer.pdf
  3. ^ What is a Caulbearer?
  4. ^ Medical College of Wisconsin. Healthlink.mcw.edu (2011-02-22). Retrieved on 2011-10-15.
  5. ^ PDF file. caulbearersunited.webs.com
  6. ^ Vikki Campion. (2008-12-31) Dolores Pancaldi's birth in protective membrane. The Daily Telegraph via News.com.au. Retrieved on 2011-10-15.
  7. ^ The story of these so-called benandanti is recounted in Carlo Ginzburg's study The Night Battles: Witchcraft and Agrarian Cults in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983.
  8. ^ Oliver, Harry (2006). "12". Black Cats & Four-Leaf Clovers. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-399-53609-0. 
  9. ^ Giblin, James (2005). Good brother, bad brother: the story of Edwin Booth and John Wilkes Booth. New York: Clarion Books. p. 7. ISBN 0-618-09642-6. 
  10. ^ a b c d http://caulbearersunited.webs.com/notablecaulbearersarts.htm
  11. ^ The Siege of Krishnapur New York Review Books
  12. ^ D.P. Morgalis, Freud and his Mother. Pep-web.org. Retrieved on 2011-10-15.
  13. ^ Lucy Hughes-Hallett. The Pike: Gabriele d'Annunzio – poet, seducer and preacher of war. Fourth Estate, 2013, p. 90. ISBN 978-0-00-721395-5.
  14. ^ Woodburn, Kim (7 September 2006). Unbeaten: The Story of My Brutal Childhood. Hodder & Stoughton Ltd. ISBN 0-340-92221-4. 

External links[edit]

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