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Caulking Secrets From a Pro
Caulking Secrets From a Pro
Published: 2013/09/13
Channel: enduringcharm
How to Caulk Like a Pro
How to Caulk Like a Pro
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: LRN2DIY
How to Caulk a Bathtub with Beautiful Results
How to Caulk a Bathtub with Beautiful Results
Published: 2013/06/03
Channel: seejanedrill
Basic Caulking Tips & Tricks  - How to
Basic Caulking Tips & Tricks - How to
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: Repairs101
Remove & replace moldy shower caulk
Remove & replace moldy shower caulk
Published: 2012/12/06
Channel: iScaper1
CAULKING AND SPACKLING TIPS.  DIY How to paint trim.  Tips painting trim work.
CAULKING AND SPACKLING TIPS. DIY How to paint trim. Tips painting trim work.
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Home Improvement How To's
Caulking Baseboard
Caulking Baseboard
Published: 2012/11/13
Channel: PaintSourceNetwork
How To Install Caulk On A Kitchen Tile Backsplash
How To Install Caulk On A Kitchen Tile Backsplash
Published: 2014/03/08
Channel: iCreatables
How to Apply Exterior Caulking
How to Apply Exterior Caulking
Published: 2013/06/19
Channel: Canadian Tire
Best way to Caulk with silicone - Easy and no mess !!
Best way to Caulk with silicone - Easy and no mess !!
Published: 2013/01/17
Channel: howtodiyright
How to Caulk | House Painting
How to Caulk | House Painting
Published: 2013/11/18
Channel: Howcast
Tips on Caulking Wide Gaps : Home Sweet Home Repair
Tips on Caulking Wide Gaps : Home Sweet Home Repair
Published: 2013/07/11
Channel: ehowathomechannel
How to master the caulk
How to master the caulk
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: Chelcie Lynn
Commercial Building Waterproof Caulking
Commercial Building Waterproof Caulking
Published: 2010/04/21
Channel: Presto Restoration Products
How To Use A Caulk Gun and a Secret
How To Use A Caulk Gun and a Secret
Published: 2010/03/08
Channel: TheRealTimJones
How To Apply Caulking Like A Pro
How To Apply Caulking Like A Pro
Published: 2013/10/24
Channel: Austin DenHerder
How to Caulk Windows For Dummies
How to Caulk Windows For Dummies
Published: 2009/05/21
Channel: fordummies
How To Caulk. THE CAULKING SECRET REVEALED!
How To Caulk. THE CAULKING SECRET REVEALED!
Published: 2010/05/07
Channel: shaneconlan1
How To Caulk Tips - Two EXCELLENT tips on how to caulk that will make caulking easier.
How To Caulk Tips - Two EXCELLENT tips on how to caulk that will make caulking easier.
Published: 2012/06/30
Channel: howtopaintinfo
THE BEST CAULKING TO USE?  Best caulking 2016 caulking hacks
THE BEST CAULKING TO USE? Best caulking 2016 caulking hacks
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: Home Improvement How To's
Painting Straight Lines With Caulking And Tape.  Painting stripes.  Painting Hacks.
Painting Straight Lines With Caulking And Tape. Painting stripes. Painting Hacks.
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: Home Improvement How To's
How To Caulk A Countertop EASILY (Full Tutorial For A Straight Caulking Line)
How To Caulk A Countertop EASILY (Full Tutorial For A Straight Caulking Line)
Published: 2015/09/06
Channel: Helpful DIY
Caulking Zip Strip in St  George Utah
Caulking Zip Strip in St George Utah
Published: 2012/04/12
Channel: caulkerman1
How to Set Up and Use a Caulking Gun
How to Set Up and Use a Caulking Gun
Published: 2015/09/09
Channel: Just Az.com productions
How to remove and replace moldy shower caulk
How to remove and replace moldy shower caulk
Published: 2014/02/13
Channel: AdamDIY
Easily Remove Silicone Caulk -- by Home Repair Tutor
Easily Remove Silicone Caulk -- by Home Repair Tutor
Published: 2013/02/28
Channel: Home Repair Tutor
3 Caulking Tips for Excellent Results
3 Caulking Tips for Excellent Results
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: LRN2DIY
Exterior Painting Step 3: Caulking the House
Exterior Painting Step 3: Caulking the House
Published: 2013/07/17
Channel: howtopaintahouse
Shower Caulking Tips
Shower Caulking Tips
Published: 2013/09/22
Channel: FIX IT Home Improvement Channel
How I caulk a concrete floor, a driveway crack and stucco. (Mike Haduck)
How I caulk a concrete floor, a driveway crack and stucco. (Mike Haduck)
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Mike Haduck
How to Replace Sink Caulking
How to Replace Sink Caulking
Published: 2013/01/18
Channel: homemadesimple
How to ● remove old shower silicone caulk and apply new ● and look pro
How to ● remove old shower silicone caulk and apply new ● and look pro
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: Chris Notap
How-To Caulk Your Window
How-To Caulk Your Window
Published: 2014/11/10
Channel: GE Silicone Caulk
How to Caulk a Sink. How a Pro does it.
How to Caulk a Sink. How a Pro does it.
Published: 2012/03/25
Channel: caulkerman1
How To Clean Up A Poor Caulking Job
How To Clean Up A Poor Caulking Job
Published: 2012/12/10
Channel: KungFuMaintenance
Caulking a Inground Pool Deck
Caulking a Inground Pool Deck
Published: 2014/10/04
Channel: Seastead Building And Remodeling LLC
TIPS CAULKING WINDOWS.  Painting with Frogtape & clear caulking.
TIPS CAULKING WINDOWS. Painting with Frogtape & clear caulking.
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: Home Improvement How To's
Caulking & Sealants for Ceramic Tile : Caulking Tips
Caulking & Sealants for Ceramic Tile : Caulking Tips
Published: 2013/05/11
Channel: ehowathomechannel
Caulking Tips: How to Caulk a Crack in Your Wall
Caulking Tips: How to Caulk a Crack in Your Wall
Published: 2009/07/13
Channel: Howdini
Quikrete cement, Quikrete caulking and quikrete stucco products
Quikrete cement, Quikrete caulking and quikrete stucco products
Published: 2015/11/02
Channel: Kirk Giordano plastering Inc.
How to ● re - SEAL A TUBE OF CAULKING ● the easy way
How to ● re - SEAL A TUBE OF CAULKING ● the easy way
Published: 2015/05/17
Channel: Chris Notap
How To Remove and Replace Caulk in a Bathtub
How To Remove and Replace Caulk in a Bathtub
Published: 2015/04/06
Channel: eztv online
Caulking a Shower Stall Video
Caulking a Shower Stall Video
Published: 2009/12/17
Channel: HomeAdditionPlus
How To Load A Caulk Gun
How To Load A Caulk Gun
Published: 2011/09/18
Channel: MyDIYGuy
How to Remove and Replace Exterior Caulk
How to Remove and Replace Exterior Caulk
Published: 2008/12/02
Channel: Ron Hazelton
Amazing! Recycle and refill any caulking tube!
Amazing! Recycle and refill any caulking tube!
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: Paul Ricalde
Marine Caulking~ Which One Do I Use?
Marine Caulking~ Which One Do I Use?
Published: 2012/06/26
Channel: BoatworksToday
How to Caulk Trim Molding
How to Caulk Trim Molding
Published: 2011/09/09
Channel: Dale Cox
How to re-caulk an undercounter sink edge
How to re-caulk an undercounter sink edge
Published: 2012/02/12
Channel: VideoJoeKnows
Caulking Your Toilet
Caulking Your Toilet
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: Chris Gilliam
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Man applying caulk to baseboard

Caulking is both the processes and material (also called sealant) to seal joints or seams in various structures and some types of piping. The oldest form of caulking is used to make the seams in wooden boats or ships watertight, by driving fibrous materials into the wedge-shaped seams between boards. A related process was formerly employed to join sections of cast iron sewerage pipe.

Caulking is also the term to describe the process used to make riveted iron or steel ships and boilers watertight or steamtight.

The same term also refers to the application of flexible sealing compounds to close up gaps in buildings and other structures against water, air, dust, insects, or as a component in firestopping. In the tunnelling industry, caulking refers to the sealing of joints in segmental precast concrete tunnels, commonly by using concrete.

Historical uses[edit]

Wooden shipbuilding[edit]

Dried-out caulking on the Severn trow Spry, now displayed on shore
The tools of traditional wooden ship caulking: caulking mallet, caulker's seat, caulking irons, cotton and oakum
A caulking mallet, tar pot and a piece of petrified tar found on board the 16th century carrack Mary Rose

Traditional caulking (also spelled calking) on wooden vessels uses fibers of cotton and oakum (hemp fiber soaked in pine tar). These fibers are driven into the wedge-shaped seam between planks, with a caulking mallet and a broad chisel-like tool called a caulking iron. The caulking is then covered over with a putty, in the case of hull seams, or else in deck seams with melted pine pitch, in a process referred to as paying, or "calefaction"

Modern marine sealants are frequently used now in place of the pitch, or even to supplant the oakum and cotton itself.

Iron or steel shipbuilding[edit]

In riveted steel or iron ship construction, caulking was a process of rendering seams watertight by driving a thick, blunt chisel-like tool into the plating adjacent to the seam. This had the effect of displacing the metal into a close fit with the adjoining piece.[1] Originally done by hand much like wooden vessel caulking, pneumatic tools were later employed. With the advent of electric-arc welding for ship construction, steel ship caulking was rendered obsolete.

Boilermaking[edit]

Caulking of iron and steel, of the same type described above for ship's hulls, was also used by boilermakers in the era of riveted boilers to make the joints watertight and steamtight.[2]

Modern use in construction[edit]

Caulk can refer either to the caulking substance or to the process of applying it. Caulking as a term has spread to the building trade, meaning the activity of closing up joints and gaps in buildings. The function of caulking is to provide thermal insulation, control water penetration and noise mitigation.

This is mostly done with ready-mixed construction chemicals sold as caulk such as silicone, polyurethane, polysulfide, sylil-terminated-polyether or polyurethane and acrylic sealant. Unlike construction caulk, which is applied where no building movement is expected, a sealant is made of elastomeric materials that typically allow movement of 25% to 50% of the width of the joint.[3]

One-component sealants are commonly sold in cartridges which are loaded into a pistol-like caulking gun (opening at the side) or barrel gun (opening at the end) for application. During the tool-working time, which varies by chemistry, the bead can be pressed into the joint so that it can bond with the materials on both sides, and also be smoothed. The time it takes for a chemical sealant to become a rubber is known as the curing time and varies by temperature and humidity.

Silicone[edit]

Silicone caulking extruded from a caulking gun
Silicone-based caulk on this upturned bathroom sink will spread smoothly, sealing the gap, when the sink is turned over and installed.

Silicone sealants form a durable, water-tight seal, but are not typically paintable. Some silicone sealants are made to be paintable with certain types of paint such as water or oil-based paints. Other sealants are paintable.

Backer rod[edit]

Backer rod, also called backer material or back-up rod, is a flexible foam product used behind caulking to increase elasticity, reduce consumption, force the caulking into contact with the sides of the joint creating a better bond, determine the thickness of the caulking, and define the cross-section hour-glass shape of the caulk. The backer rod also acts as a bond breaker to keep the caulking from sticking to the bottom of the opening called a three-sided bond; with the caulking only adhering to the sides of the opening in an hour-glass shape it can flex more easily and is less likely to tear. Backer rods can also be used to reduce consumption of the caulking by filling part of the joints.

Backer rod is often round and rope-like in shape but many special types and shaped such as square, rectangular and D-shapes are available. High temperature backer rods are available. It is available in different diameters and firmness, and in polyethylene and polyurethane materials. Backer rod also comes in open-cell and closed-cell types of foam.

Open-cell foam is porous so it will let gasses through which could otherwise cause blistering of the sealant. Also, open-cell backer rod allows air to get to the back side of the sealant which accelerates curing when used with air-cured sealants such as silicone. Open-cell rod is more compressible than closed-cell foam and should be 25% larger diameter than the joint.

Closed-cell foam does not absorb water and is impermeable. Closed-cell rods are less compressible and should not be compressed more than 25%. Closed-cell rod will also lose firmness and out-gas if damaged during installation or overcompressed or at sharp bends. The gasses cannot pass through this backer rod and can deform, weaken, and even cause holes (leaks) in the sealant as it escapes. Out-gassing is the reason open-cell backer rod was developed.[4]

The hour-glass shape and thickness of the sealant are important. The hour-glass shape provides the appropriate adhesive strength to the object at the sides of the joint in relation to the cohesive strength of the sealant itself. The depth of the sealant affects these strengths, too much or too little sealant can result in failure. The standard recommendation is to place the backer rod one-half the width of the joint (a 2:1 ratio) below the surface, but not more than .5 inches (1.3 cm) (depending on the manufacturer).

Ordinary open-cell foam is used up to 500 °F (260 °C) and ordinary closed-cell can withstand temperatures up to 160 °F (71 °C). Some backer rod may be applied with special tools to make it easier to set the backer rod at the correct and consistent depth. If a joint is too shallow to receive a backer rod bond breaker tapes are available to keep the sealant from adhering to the back of the joint.

Energy efficiency[edit]

According to the Consumer Federation of America, sealing unwanted leaks around homes is an excellent way to cut home energy costs and decrease the household carbon footprint.

Also, sealing cracks and crevices around homes puts less strain on home appliances and can save time, money and hassle by preventing major repairs. Additionally, increasing the lifetime of homes and appliances also puts less waste and pollution into landfills.

Preventing infestation[edit]

Sealing cracks and crevices prevents ingress by rodents.[5]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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