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University of Allahabad, Oldest among all central Universities in India.

A Central University or a Union University in India is established by Act of Parliament and are under the purview of the Department of Higher Education in the Union Human Resource Development Ministry.[1] In general, universities in India are recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.[2] In addition, 15 Professional Councils are established, controlling different aspects of accreditation and coordination.[3] Central universities, in addition, are covered by the Central Universities Act, 2009, which regulates their purpose, powers governance etc., and established 12 new universities.[4] The list of central universities published by the UGC includes 42 central universities.

The types of universities controlled by the UGC include:

  • State universities are run by the state government of each of the states and territories of India, and are usually established by a local legislative assembly act.[5]
  • Deemed university, or "Deemed-to-be-University", is a status of autonomy granted by the Department of Higher Education on the advice of the UGC, under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956.[6][7]
  • Private universities are approved by the UGC. They can grant degrees but they are not allowed to have off-campus affiliated colleges.[8]

Apart from the above universities, other institutions are granted the permission to autonomously award degrees. These institutes do not affiliate colleges and are not officially called "universities" but "autonomous organizations" or "autonomous institutes". They fall under the administrative control of the Department of Higher Education.[9] These organizations include the Indian Institutes of Technology, the National Institutes of Technology, the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, the Indian Institutes of Management (though these award diplomas, not degrees),[10] the National Law Schools, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, and other autonomous institutes.

Universities by state[edit]

The regions with the most central universities in India are Delhi (namely University of Delhi, Jamia Millia Islamia, Jawaharlal Nehru University, IGNOU) and Uttar Pradesh with four central universities each. There are central universities in all of the states of India except Goa and Andhra Pradesh. Of the union territories, there are central universities in Delhi and Puducherry.

Main building of the University of Delhi
The University of Delhi is one of the four central universities in Delhi.
Central universities by state
State Central
universities
Arunachal Pradesh 1
Assam 2
Bihar 2
Chhattisgarh 1
Delhi 4
Gujarat 1
Haryana 1
Himachal Pradesh 1
Jammu and Kashmir 2
Jharkhand 1
Karnataka 1
Kerala 1
Madhya Pradesh 2
Maharashtra 1
Manipur 2
Meghalaya 1
Mizoram 1
Orissa 1
Puducherry 1
Punjab 1
Rajasthan 1
Sikkim 1
Tamil Nadu 2
Telangana 3
Tripura 1
Uttar Pradesh 4
Uttarakhand 1
West Bengal 2
Total 43

[11]

List of Central Universities in India[edit]

Renovated gate of Tezpur University
Renovated gate of Tezpur University, a central university established in 1994
refer to caption.
Strachey Hall and the university mosque at Aligarh Muslim University, one of the four central universities in Uttar Pradesh
Central universities of India
University State Location Established Specialization Sources
English and Foreign Languages University Telangana[12] Hyderabad 1958 (2007dagger) English and Foreign languages [13]
Maulana Azad National Urdu University Telangana[12] Hyderabad 1998 Urdu [14]
University of Hyderabad Telangana[12] Hyderabad 1974 General [15]
Rajiv Gandhi University Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 1984 General [16]
Assam University Assam Silchar 1994 General [17]
Tezpur University Assam Tezpur 1994 General [18]
Central University of Bihar# Bihar Gaya 2009 General [19]
Guru Ghasidas University Chhattisgarh Bilaspur 1983 (2009dagger) General [20]
Indira Gandhi National Open University Delhi New Delhi 1985 Distance education [21]
Jamia Millia Islamia Delhi New Delhi 1920 (1988dagger) General [22]
Jawaharlal Nehru University Delhi New Delhi 1969 General [23]
University of Delhi Delhi New Delhi 1922 General [24]
Central University of Gujarat# Gujarat Gandhinagar 2009 General [25]
Central University of Haryana# Haryana Mahendragarh 2009 General [26]
Central University of Himachal Pradesh# Himachal Pradesh Dharamsala 2009 General [27]
Central University of Jammu# Jammu and Kashmir Jammu 2011 General [28]
Central University of Kashmir# Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar 2009 General [29]
Central University of Jharkhand# Jharkhand Ranchi 2009 General [30]
Central University of Karnataka# Karnataka Gulbarga 2009 General [31]
Central University of Kerala# Kerala Kasaragod 2009 General [32]
Dr. Hari Singh Gour University Madhya Pradesh Sagar 1946 General [33]
Indira Gandhi National Tribal University Madhya Pradesh Amarkantak 2007 General [34]
Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya Maharashtra Wardha 1997 Hindi [35]
Central Agricultural University Manipur Imphal 1993 Agriculture [36]
Manipur University Manipur Imphal 1980 (2005dagger) General [37]
North Eastern Hill University Meghalaya Shillong 1973 General [38]
Mizoram University Mizoram Aizawl 2000 General [39]
Nagaland University Nagaland Lumami 1994 General [40]
Central University of Orissa# Orissa Koraput 2009 General [41]
Pondicherry University Puducherry Pondicherry 1985 General [42]
Central University of Punjab# Punjab Bathinda 2009 General [43]
Central University of Rajasthan# Rajasthan Jaipur 2009 General [44]
Sikkim University Sikkim Gangtok 2007 General [45]
Central University of Tamil Nadu# Tamil Nadu Tiruvarur 2009 General [46]
Indian Maritime University Tamil Nadu Chennai 2008 Marine science [47]
Tripura University Tripura Agartala 1987 General [48]
Aligarh Muslim University Uttar Pradesh Aligarh 1920 General [49]
Allahabad University Uttar Pradesh Allahabad 1887 General [50]
Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 1996 General [51]
Banaras Hindu University Uttar Pradesh Varanasi 1916 General [52]
Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University Uttarakhand Srinagar 1973 General [53]
Visva-Bharati University West Bengal Santiniketan 1951 General [54]

dagger Granted central university status

# Established by the Central Universities Act, 2009[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Universities". mhrd.gov.in. Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "University Grants Commission Act, 1956" (PDF). Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "::: Professional Councils-Inside H E – University Grants Commission :::". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. Retrieved 11 August 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Central Universities Act, 2009" (PDF). Central University of Bihar. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  5. ^ "List of State Universities" (PDF). University Grants Commission. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IISST) Thiruvanathapuram Declared as Deemed to be University". Union Human Resource Development Ministry, Press Information Bureau. 14 July 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  7. ^ ":::Deemed University – University Grants Commission :::". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. 23 June 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  8. ^ ":::Private Universities – University Grants Commission :::". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. 10 February 2012. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012. 
  9. ^ "Autonomous Bodies – Higher Education". education.nic.in. Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Archived from the original on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  10. ^ Mathang Seshagiri (1 May 2011). "It's time IIMs give degree, not diploma: Panel". articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (Times of India). 
  11. ^ ugc.ac.in
  12. ^ a b c Telangana
  13. ^ "EFL University". efluniversity.ac.in. English and Foreign Languages University. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  14. ^ "University Act". manuu.ac.in. Maulana Azad National Urdu University. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 
  15. ^ "Right of Information | Uoh". uohyd.ernet.in. University of Hyderabad. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  16. ^ "About RGU". rgu.ac.in. Rajiv Gandhi University. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  17. ^ "Assam University". aus.ac.in. Assam University. Retrieved 27 June 2011. 
  18. ^ "Welcome to Tezpur University". tezu.ernet.in. Tezpur University. Retrieved 27 June 2011. 
  19. ^ ":: Central University Of Bihar ::". cub.ac.in. Central University of Bihar. Retrieved 28 June 2011. 
  20. ^ "Guru Ghasidas University". ggu.ac.in. Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya. Retrieved 29 June 2011. 
  21. ^ "Indira Gandhi National Open University". ignou.ac.in. Indira Gandhi National Open University. Archived from the original on 24 October 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2011. 
  22. ^ "History of Jamia Millia Islamia". jmi.ac.in. Jamia Millia Islamia University. Retrieved 29 June 2011. 
  23. ^ "Welcome to Jawaharlal Nehru University". jnu.ac.in. Jawaharlal Nehru University. Retrieved 29 June 2011. 
  24. ^ "About us". du.ac.in. University of Delhi. Retrieved 29 June 2011. 
  25. ^ "Central University of Gujarat". cug.ac.in. Central University of Gujarat. Retrieved 29 June 2011. 
  26. ^ "Central University of Haryana". cuharyana.org. Central University of Haryana. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  27. ^ "Central University of Himachal Pradesh". cuhimachal.ac.in. Central University of Himachal Pradesh. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  28. ^ "Welcome To The Official Website | Central University of Jammu". cujammu.ac.in. Central University of Jammu. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  29. ^ "Welcome To The Official Website | Central University of Kashmir". cukashmir.ac.in. Central University of Kashmir. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  30. ^ "About CUJ". cuj.ac.in. Central University of Jharkhand. Retrieved 20 July 2011. 
  31. ^ "About CUK". cuk.ac.in. Central University of Karnataka. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  32. ^ "Official Website of Central University of Kerala". cukerala.ac.in. Central University of Kerala. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  33. ^ "The University Profile". dhsgsu.ac.in. Dr. Hari Singh Gour University. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  34. ^ "Indira Gandhi National Tribal University". igntu.nic.in. Indira Gandhi National Tribal University. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  35. ^ "Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya". hindivishwa.org. Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya. Retrieved 30 August 2011. 
  36. ^ "Central Agricultural University". dare.nic.in. Central Agricultural University. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  37. ^ "Manipur University". manipuruniv.ac.in. Manipur University. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  38. ^ "History of North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong-22". nehu.ac.in. North Eastern Hill University. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  39. ^ "About Mizoram University". mzu.edu.in. Mizoram University. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  40. ^ "Welcome to Nagaland University Home Page". nagauniv.org.in. Nagaland University. Retrieved 30 August 2011. 
  41. ^ "Introduction". cuorissa.org. Central University of Orissa. Retrieved 30 August 2011. 
  42. ^ "About the University | Pondicherry University". pondiuni.edu.in. Pondicherry University. Retrieved 1 August 2011. 
  43. ^ "CUP Profile". centralunipunjab.com. Central University of Punjab. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  44. ^ "About University". curaj.ac.in. Central University of Rajasthan. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  45. ^ "Welcome to Sikkim University". sikkimuniversity.in. Sikkim University. Retrieved 9 June 2011. 
  46. ^ "Central University of Tamil Nadu, Thiruvarur". tiruvarur.tn.nic.in. Central University of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  47. ^ "About Us". imu.tn.nic.in. Indian Maritime University. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  48. ^ "About_More". tripurauniv.in. Tripura University. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  49. ^ "Aligarh Muslim University". amu.ac.in. Aligarh Muslim University. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  50. ^ "History". allduniv.ac.in. Allahabad University. Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  51. ^ "BBAU, Lucknow". bbauindia.org. Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  52. ^ "History of BHU". bhu.ac.in. Banaras Hindu University. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  53. ^ "Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University – HNBGU | About the University". hnbgu.ac.in. Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University. Retrieved 31 July 2011. 
  54. ^ "Heritage". visva-bharati.ac.in. Visva-Bharati University. Retrieved 1 August 2011. 
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