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1
Cessna 177 Cardinal Takeoff
Cessna 177 Cardinal Takeoff
::2012/09/08::
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2
Cessna 177 Cardinal Landing Explained
Cessna 177 Cardinal Landing Explained
::2007/12/27::
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3
Cessna 177RG Cardinal Part 1
Cessna 177RG Cardinal Part 1
::2013/12/07::
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4
Burgman riders went for a fly - Cessna 177 Cardinal
Burgman riders went for a fly - Cessna 177 Cardinal
::2012/07/26::
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5
Cessna 177RG GoPro Wing Mount takeoff
Cessna 177RG GoPro Wing Mount takeoff
::2012/11/04::
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6
Cessna Cardinal 177B
Cessna Cardinal 177B
::2014/05/18::
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7
FSX ᴴᴰ | Alabeo Cessna 177 Cardinal II Review
FSX ᴴᴰ | Alabeo Cessna 177 Cardinal II Review
::2014/05/27::
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8
Flying in a Cessna 177rg
Flying in a Cessna 177rg
::2012/12/29::
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9
Adventures with GoPro and the Cessna Cardinal
Adventures with GoPro and the Cessna Cardinal
::2013/02/28::
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10
Cessna 177 Cardinal Landing CSU3
Cessna 177 Cardinal Landing CSU3
::2012/03/26::
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11
Cessna 177 Cardinal, N177CW at KHWY on 4/27/13
Cessna 177 Cardinal, N177CW at KHWY on 4/27/13
::2013/04/28::
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12
Cessna 177 Cardinal - Finished product
Cessna 177 Cardinal - Finished product
::2011/03/22::
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13
1975 CESSNA 177RG For Sale
1975 CESSNA 177RG For Sale
::2013/10/25::
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14
Cessna 177 Cardinal von Hype Crash
Cessna 177 Cardinal von Hype Crash
::2012/04/02::
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15
Cessna 177 Cardinal, Landing EHDR Drachten Holland. November 11th 2008. PH-WYN
Cessna 177 Cardinal, Landing EHDR Drachten Holland. November 11th 2008. PH-WYN
::2009/09/03::
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16
Cessna 177 Take off and landing part 1
Cessna 177 Take off and landing part 1
::2009/04/16::
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17
N1578H. 1975 CESSNA 177RG Cardinal RG For Sale At Trade-A-Plane.com
N1578H. 1975 CESSNA 177RG Cardinal RG For Sale At Trade-A-Plane.com
::2014/10/01::
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18
Thunder Tiger Cessna 177 Cardinal on Floats
Thunder Tiger Cessna 177 Cardinal on Floats
::2009/08/07::
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19
Cessna 177 Cardinal Landing
Cessna 177 Cardinal Landing
::2009/10/31::
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20
Cessna 177 Cardinal - Bourn Airfield
Cessna 177 Cardinal - Bourn Airfield
::2014/09/10::
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21
Cessna 177RG Cardinal flying
Cessna 177RG Cardinal flying
::2008/02/09::
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22
RC Cessna 177 Cardinal Arc Fly Model Good Landing Hard Stop 00109
RC Cessna 177 Cardinal Arc Fly Model Good Landing Hard Stop 00109
::2012/08/11::
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23
Cessna 177B Cardinal Airplane, 4065 were built between 1968-1978
Cessna 177B Cardinal Airplane, 4065 were built between 1968-1978
::2012/12/10::
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24
Cessna 177 Cardinal em TGL Sitio Flyer
Cessna 177 Cardinal em TGL Sitio Flyer
::2014/04/27::
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25
Hype Cessna 177 Cardinal PNP
Hype Cessna 177 Cardinal PNP
::2011/08/12::
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26
thunder tiger cessna 177 cardinal
thunder tiger cessna 177 cardinal
::2011/12/22::
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27
Despedida Cessna 177 Cardinal. Cruce Ezeiza - San Fernando
Despedida Cessna 177 Cardinal. Cruce Ezeiza - San Fernando
::2010/04/07::
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28
Cessna Cardinal R/C ad Asiago
Cessna Cardinal R/C ad Asiago
::2008/10/05::
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29
Thunder tiger Cessna 177 Cardinal ARC on Floats
Thunder tiger Cessna 177 Cardinal ARC on Floats
::2013/07/05::
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30
Moments before the forced landing with my Cessna 177B Cardinal
Moments before the forced landing with my Cessna 177B Cardinal
::2013/08/10::
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31
Cessna 177 Cardinal RG High Speed Pass
Cessna 177 Cardinal RG High Speed Pass
::2013/11/17::
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32
ARC Model Airplne Cessna 177 Cardinal Float Flying
ARC Model Airplne Cessna 177 Cardinal Float Flying
::2009/09/11::
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33
Cessna 177(Cardinal)水上機Part1
Cessna 177(Cardinal)水上機Part1
::2013/08/23::
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34
1975 Cessna 177B  Cardinal II Touch and Go Practice
1975 Cessna 177B Cardinal II Touch and Go Practice
::2013/08/31::
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35
Kyosho Cessna 177 Cardinal
Kyosho Cessna 177 Cardinal
::2012/03/03::
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36
Alabeo Cessna 177  II (FSX - FULL HD)
Alabeo Cessna 177 II (FSX - FULL HD)
::2014/09/17::
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37
Thunder Tiger Cessna 177 Cardinal Float Plane flying from a moving boat
Thunder Tiger Cessna 177 Cardinal Float Plane flying from a moving boat
::2010/07/21::
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38
Cessna 177 Cardinal - Low Level Circuits EGSN
Cessna 177 Cardinal - Low Level Circuits EGSN
::2014/10/15::
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39
Cessna Cardinal 177 FL115 115kts 6.6gph LOP 00V to KMKC
Cessna Cardinal 177 FL115 115kts 6.6gph LOP 00V to KMKC
::2010/10/30::
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40
Decolagem Cessna 177 RG Cardinal Sitio Flyer
Decolagem Cessna 177 RG Cardinal Sitio Flyer
::2012/10/22::
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41
Construção Cessna 177 Cardinal - Clube do Pasto - São José do Rio Preto
Construção Cessna 177 Cardinal - Clube do Pasto - São José do Rio Preto
::2014/07/30::
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42
Vuelo sobre Florianopolis en un Cessna 177 Cardinal
Vuelo sobre Florianopolis en un Cessna 177 Cardinal
::2014/01/30::
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43
Cessna 177 Cardinal (N11845) & Beechcraft P35 Bonanza (N235E) depart KWWD
Cessna 177 Cardinal (N11845) & Beechcraft P35 Bonanza (N235E) depart KWWD
::2012/08/13::
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44
Cessna 177 Cardinal - PT-DLA - Caiu após decolagem no Bacacheri
Cessna 177 Cardinal - PT-DLA - Caiu após decolagem no Bacacheri
::2014/08/30::
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45
1975 Cessna Cardinal Takeoff and Landing on Grass runway.
1975 Cessna Cardinal Takeoff and Landing on Grass runway.
::2010/06/07::
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46
Cessna Cardinal 177B Flying
Cessna Cardinal 177B Flying
::2012/12/06::
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47
Cessna 177 Cardinal KMCN-KSAV
Cessna 177 Cardinal KMCN-KSAV
::2011/05/07::
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48
Takeoff experience - 177 Cessna Cardinal
Takeoff experience - 177 Cessna Cardinal
::2013/01/21::
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49
Cessna 177 Cardinal - On Floats
Cessna 177 Cardinal - On Floats
::2011/09/10::
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50
Cessna Cardinal 177 - InBox Review English Edition
Cessna Cardinal 177 - InBox Review English Edition
::2011/03/21::
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Cessna 177 Cardinal
Cessna177BCardinal05.jpg
Cessna 177B Cardinal
Role Light utility aircraft
Manufacturer Cessna Aircraft Company
First flight 1967
Introduction 1968
Produced 1968-1978
Number built 4,295
Unit cost
USD$27,250 (new aircraft in 1976)[1]

The Cessna 177 Cardinal is a light single-engined, high-wing general aviation aircraft that was intended to replace Cessna's 172 Skyhawk. First announced in 1967, it was produced from 1968 to 1978.[1][2]

Development[edit]

The Cessna 177 was designed in the mid-1960s when the engineers at Cessna were asked to create a "futuristic 1970s successor to the Cessna 172". The resulting aircraft featured newer technology such as a cantilever wing with a laminar flow airfoil.[1][2] The 177 is the only production high-wing single-engined Cessna since the Cessna 190 & 195 series to have both fixed landing gear and a cantilever wing without strut bracing.[1]

In 1971, Cessna experimented with a "Quiet Cardinal" similar to the Beechcraft QU-22 Pave Eagle. A test model was flown with a Wankel engine with a large three bladed 100 inch diameter propeller with a belt driven gear reduction unit and a fuselage-length exhaust canted upward.[3]

Cessna 177[edit]

Cardinal logo seen on many 177s and 177RGs

The 1968 model 177 was introduced in late 1967 with a 150 hp (112 kW) engine.[2] One of the design goals of this 172 replacement was to allow the pilot an unobstructed view when making a turn. In the 172 the pilot sits under the wing and when the wing is lowered to begin a turn that wing blocks the pilot's view of where the turn will lead to. The engineers resolved this problem by placing the pilot forward of the wing's leading edge, but that led to a too-far-forward center of gravity.[1]

This problem was partially counteracted by the decision to use the significantly lighter Lycoming O-320 four-cylinder engine in place of the six-cylinder O-300 Continental used on the 172. The forward CG situation still existed even with the lighter engine, so a stabilator was chosen, to provide sufficient elevator control authority at low airspeeds.[1]

The 177 design was intended to be a replacement for the 172, which was to be discontinued after introduction of the new aircraft. The new design was originally to be called the 172J (to follow the 1968 model 172I). However, as the time came to make the transition, there was considerable resistance to the replacement of the 172 from the company's Marketing Division. The 1969 172 jumped to the designator 172K—there is no 172J.[4][5]

Performance and handling problems[edit]

Soon after delivery of the first Cardinals to customers there were reported incidents of pilot-induced oscillation (PIO) that alarmed Cessna enough that the factory initiated a priority program to eliminate the problem. Reviewer Joe Christy explains:

We liked that airplane, and found almost nothing to pick at. However, owners soon discovered to their horror that it didn't fly or land exactly like a strutless Skyhawk, and some heavy-handed Super-Car drivers managed to smash the Cardinal tail into the pavement on landing, knock-off a few nose-wheels, etc. (apparently, this was possible if one closed his eyes, used full back-pressure on the wheel at the flare and then sat rigidly waiting for the crashing noises to subside). Cessna accepted the blame gracefully. That was proper because, after all, they had lulled a generation of Cessna pilots into near-effortless flying with the extremely forgiving 172 series, and it probably wasn't ethical to suddenly offer, to many of those same customers, a Cessna that didn't handle exactly like a Cessna. The company therefore picked up the tab for a list of modifications that gentled the Cardinal and returned the smiles to the faces of dealers and customers.[1]

The solution, which was provided to all aircraft already delivered at no cost, was known as Operation "Cardinal Rule" and included a series of 23 inspection, installation, and modification instructions. This Service Letter, SE68-14, consisted of modifying the stabilator to install slots just behind the leading edge (to delay the onset of stabilator stall) and installing full counterbalance (11 pounds versus the original 7 pounds) on the stabilator to eliminate the PIO problem.[6]

An original 1968 model fixed pitch 150 hp Cessna 177 Cardinal

The 177, with its 150 hp (112 kW) powerplant, was considered "underpowered", even though it had more power than the 145 hp (108 kW) Cessna 172.[2]

Cessna 177A[edit]

Recognizing that the aircraft was underpowered, Cessna introduced the 177A in 1969. The revision featured a 180 hp (135 kW) version of the same four-cylinder Lycoming used in the 177, moving the design's price and role somewhere between that of the 172 and 182.[2] The additional power improved cruise speed by 11 knots (20 km/h).[1][7]

Cessna 177B Cardinal

Cessna 177B[edit]

1970 saw the introduction of the 177B, which had a new wing airfoil, a constant-speed propeller, and other minor improvements. The 177B weighed 145 lb (66 kg) more empty than the earlier 177, with maximum takeoff weight increased from 2,350 lb (1,067 kg) to 2,500 lb (1,135 kg).[1][7]

In 1978, Cessna built a deluxe version of the 177B, the Cardinal Classic, with leather upholstery, a table for the rear passengers, and a 28-Volt electrical system.[8]

Cessna 177RG Cardinal
1974 Cessna 177RG Cardinal landing

Cessna 177RG[edit]

The final aircraft in the 177 line was the retractable-gear 177RG Cardinal RG, which Cessna began producing in 1971 as a direct competitor to the Piper PA-28-200R Cherokee Arrow and Beechcraft Sierra. To offset the 145 lb (66 kg) increase in empty weight, much of which was from the electrically powered hydraulic gear mechanism, the 177RG had a 200 hp (149 kW) Lycoming IO-360 engine.[2] This also allowed increase of the maximum weight by 300 lbs.[9]

The additional power and cleaner lines of the 177RG resulted in a cruise speed of 148 kn (274 km/h),[9] 22 kn (41 km/h) faster than the 177B. 1,543 177RGs were delivered between the US and Reims, Cessna's licensed partner in France. Those built in France by Reims were referred to as the Reims F177RG.[7]

Present day[edit]

Today, both the 177 and 177RG are considered desirable aircraft to own. This is mainly because of the large doors which offer easy entry, the aircraft's reasonable performance for the power, active owners groups and the aircraft's attractive looks.

The 177 offers much better upward visibility than a 172 because of its steeply raked windshield and more aft-mounted wing. The absence of an obstructing wing support strut also makes the aircraft an excellent platform for aerial photography.[1]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 11 April 1996, a Cessna 177B carrying 7-year-old Jessica Dubroff, her certified flight instructor and her father, crashed after takeoff from Cheyenne Airport in Cheyenne, Wyoming, killing all on board. Dubroff was attempting to set a cross-country record for young pilots, although her instructor was thought to have been at the controls at the time of the accident. No defect in the aircraft itself was found. The accident resulted in general public concern and new Federal legislation banning record attempts by non-holders of private pilot or higher certificates.[10][11]

Specifications (Cessna 177B)[edit]

Data from Airliners.net[7]

General characteristics

Performance


See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Christy, Joe: The Complete Guide to the Single-Engine Cessnas - 3rd Edition, pages 54-61. TAB Books, 1979. ISBN 0-8306-2268-3
  2. ^ a b c d e f Plane and Pilot: 1978 Aircraft Directory, page 25. Werner & Werner Corp Publishing, 1978. ISBN 0-918312-00-0
  3. ^ Air Progress: 16. September 1071. 
  4. ^ Cessna Pilots Association, "177/177RG Model History", September 1, 2006
  5. ^ Cessna Pilots Association, "172 Model History", January 30, 2009
  6. ^ Thomas A. Horne, "The Cardinals", AOPA Pilot March 1982, pages 32-42
  7. ^ a b c d "Cessna 177 Cardinal". Airliners.net. Retrieved 2006-10-30. 
  8. ^ Peterson, Keith (1997). "Cessna Cardinal article". Cardinal Flyers Online. Retrieved 17 March 2010. 
  9. ^ a b Peterson, Keith (1999). "Cessna Cardinal 177RG specifications". Cardinal Flyers Online. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  10. ^ AvWeb (August 2009). "The Jessica Dubroff Accident". Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  11. ^ United States Code (January 2004). "TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION, SUBTITLE VII - AVIATION PROGRAMS, PART A - AIR COMMERCE AND SAFETY, SUBPART III - SAFETY, CHAPTER 447 - SAFETY REGULATION". Retrieved 2009-08-18. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cessna 177 at Wikimedia Commons

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