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Cessna 177 Cardinal Takeoff
Cessna 177 Cardinal Takeoff
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: TheHDAviation
This is why I fly.. Cessna Cardinal 177. GoPro Hero 3+
This is why I fly.. Cessna Cardinal 177. GoPro Hero 3+
Published: 2014/09/19
Channel: Flying With A.J.
1973 CESSNA 177RG For Sale
1973 CESSNA 177RG For Sale
Published: 2015/07/29
Channel: ControllerAircraft
Cessna 177 Cardinal Takeoff
Cessna 177 Cardinal Takeoff
Published: 2012/09/08
Channel: TheHDAviation
Flying the Cessna C177 Cardinal
Flying the Cessna C177 Cardinal
Published: 2013/12/04
Channel: Paul JJG Grenier
1973 Cessna 177 Cardinal Specification And Performance ~ General Aviation Aircraft Performance Stats
1973 Cessna 177 Cardinal Specification And Performance ~ General Aviation Aircraft Performance Stats
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: Barry Brown
1976 Cessna 177 RG II Cardinal Retract Test
1976 Cessna 177 RG II Cardinal Retract Test
Published: 2015/01/25
Channel: Neil Dahl
Landing a Cardinal
Landing a Cardinal
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: Vincent Endter
Cessna 177 Cardinal gear swing test
Cessna 177 Cardinal gear swing test
Published: 2014/09/22
Channel: Martin Říha
Airplane crash Van Nuys Airport Cessna Cardinal Saturday April 27 2013
Airplane crash Van Nuys Airport Cessna Cardinal Saturday April 27 2013
Published: 2013/04/27
Channel: Proairpilot
Cessna Cardinal Lazy 8
Cessna Cardinal Lazy 8
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: Keith Peterson
Cessna Cardinal Panel Overview
Cessna Cardinal Panel Overview
Published: 2017/01/22
Channel: NTXCardinalFlyer
N370S Cessna Cardinal 177 IFR cloud tops
N370S Cessna Cardinal 177 IFR cloud tops
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: N370S
Cessna Cardinal 177B
Cessna Cardinal 177B
Published: 2014/05/18
Channel: Mario Corso
Cessna Cardinal 177 touch-and-go and final
Cessna Cardinal 177 touch-and-go and final
Published: 2014/04/20
Channel: artisteric
Cessna 177RG Cardinal flying
Cessna 177RG Cardinal flying
Published: 2008/02/09
Channel: Robert Meyer
Cessna Cardinal IFR to DFW
Cessna Cardinal IFR to DFW
Published: 2016/09/05
Channel: David Heon
Cessna Cardinal 177RG | Some said it couldn
Cessna Cardinal 177RG | Some said it couldn't be done...
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: DanWerks Productions
Cessna 177 Cardinal RG
Cessna 177 Cardinal RG
Published: 2015/02/01
Channel: Get Into Flying
Cessna Cardinal RG Dutch Roll
Cessna Cardinal RG Dutch Roll
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: Keith Peterson
1973 Cessna 177 For Sale
1973 Cessna 177 For Sale
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Greenville Air
Cessna 177 Cardinal Landing CSU3
Cessna 177 Cardinal Landing CSU3
Published: 2012/03/26
Channel: AeroportStHyacinthe
Cessna 177
Cessna 177
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: B Kemp
Cessna 177 Cardinal Landing Explained
Cessna 177 Cardinal Landing Explained
Published: 2007/12/28
Channel: TACBTNRCC
N370S Cessna Cardinal 177 KFTG to KGLD Aspen EFD1000 Pro Synthetic Vision ADS-B
N370S Cessna Cardinal 177 KFTG to KGLD Aspen EFD1000 Pro Synthetic Vision ADS-B
Published: 2015/04/25
Channel: N370S
Flying Green Peter in a Cessna 177RG
Flying Green Peter in a Cessna 177RG
Published: 2012/09/02
Channel: avidmark4
Burgman riders went for a fly - Cessna 177 Cardinal
Burgman riders went for a fly - Cessna 177 Cardinal
Published: 2012/07/27
Channel: MicBergsma
Cessna Cardinal Landing
Cessna Cardinal Landing
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: horsemoney
1976 Cessna 177 RG II Cardinal Annual Progress
1976 Cessna 177 RG II Cardinal Annual Progress
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: Neil Dahl
1974 CESSNA 177RG For Sale
1974 CESSNA 177RG For Sale
Published: 2015/11/08
Channel: ControllerAircraft
1968 CESSNA 177 For Sale
1968 CESSNA 177 For Sale
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: ControllerAircraft
Cessna 177RG GoPro Wing Mount takeoff
Cessna 177RG GoPro Wing Mount takeoff
Published: 2012/11/04
Channel: someyoungmantoo
N370S Cessna 177 Cardinal 130kts KFTG to KMKC Aspen ADS-B
N370S Cessna 177 Cardinal 130kts KFTG to KMKC Aspen ADS-B
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: N370S
AirMart - 1976 Cessna 177B Cardinal - N19445 Interior Video
AirMart - 1976 Cessna 177B Cardinal - N19445 Interior Video
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: AirMart Aircraft Sales & Brokerage
Trade-A-Plane: 1976 Cessna Cardinal 177RG.
Trade-A-Plane: 1976 Cessna Cardinal 177RG.
Published: 2013/06/26
Channel: tradeaplane
Practicing stalls in a Cessna Cardinal (177RG)
Practicing stalls in a Cessna Cardinal (177RG)
Published: 2015/12/28
Channel: Vincent Endter
1976 CESSNA 177RG For Sale
1976 CESSNA 177RG For Sale
Published: 2016/02/16
Channel: ControllerAircraft
1968 Cessna 177 Cardinal -- N3225T
1968 Cessna 177 Cardinal -- N3225T
Published: 2015/01/04
Channel: JacksAircraft
Cessna 177 Cardinal on XForcePC Ultimate Package
Cessna 177 Cardinal on XForcePC Ultimate Package
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: Michael Brown
Kyosho Cessna Cardinal 177 RC Electric
Kyosho Cessna Cardinal 177 RC Electric
Published: 2012/04/01
Channel: YarSmythe
Cessna 177 cardinal take off KGKJ
Cessna 177 cardinal take off KGKJ
Published: 2015/06/07
Channel: MissionAeronautics
Cessna Cardinal Formation, Juneau, Wisconsin (One Republic Soundtrack)
Cessna Cardinal Formation, Juneau, Wisconsin (One Republic Soundtrack)
Published: 2014/09/08
Channel: Chris Berg
CESSNA 177 Cardinal
CESSNA 177 Cardinal
Published: 2009/12/30
Channel: maestrofly1970
Cessna Cardinal Touch & Go
Cessna Cardinal Touch & Go
Published: 2014/10/17
Channel: ansonowicz
1975 Cessna Cardinal Takeoff and Landing on Grass runway.
1975 Cessna Cardinal Takeoff and Landing on Grass runway.
Published: 2010/06/07
Channel: planewrecks
1975 Cessna 177B  Cardinal II Touch and Go Practice
1975 Cessna 177B Cardinal II Touch and Go Practice
Published: 2013/09/01
Channel: Neil Dahl
Flight 121 KTMB Miami Sightseeing  Cessna Cardinal 177RG
Flight 121 KTMB Miami Sightseeing Cessna Cardinal 177RG
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: Marcelo Cabane
Cessna 177, N13019  20160417140919 1
Cessna 177, N13019 20160417140919 1
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: horsemoney
N98SW - 1977 Cessna 177RG Cardinal RG Aircraft For Sale at Trade-A-Plane.com
N98SW - 1977 Cessna 177RG Cardinal RG Aircraft For Sale at Trade-A-Plane.com
Published: 2014/06/27
Channel: tradeaplane
N370S Cessna Cardinal 177 IFR between layers
N370S Cessna Cardinal 177 IFR between layers
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: N370S
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Cessna 177 Cardinal
Cessna177BCardinal05.jpg
Cessna 177B Cardinal
Role Light utility aircraft
Manufacturer Cessna Aircraft Company
First flight 1967
Introduction 1968
Produced 1968-1978
Number built 4,295
Unit cost
USD$27,250 (new aircraft in 1976)[1]

The Cessna 177 Cardinal is a light single-engine, high-wing general aviation aircraft that was intended to replace Cessna's 172 Skyhawk. First announced in 1967, it was produced from 1968 to 1978.[1][2]

Development[edit]

The Cessna 177 was designed in the mid-1960s when the engineers at Cessna were asked to create a "futuristic 1970s successor to the Cessna 172". The resulting aircraft featured newer technology such as a cantilever wing lacking the lift struts of previous models, and a new laminar flow airfoil.[1][2] The 177 is the only production high-wing single-engined Cessna since the Cessna 190 & 195 series to have both fixed landing gear and a cantilever wing without strut bracing.[1]

In 1971, Cessna experimented with a "Quiet Cardinal" similar to the Beechcraft QU-22 Pave Eagle. A test model was flown with a Wankel engine with a large three bladed 100 inch diameter propeller with a belt driven gear reduction unit and a fuselage-length exhaust canted upward.[3]

Cardinal logo seen on many 177s and 177RGs

The 1968 model 177 was introduced in late 1967 with a 150 hp (112 kW) engine.[2] One of the design goals of this 172 replacement was to allow the pilot an unobstructed view when making a turn. In the 172 the pilot sits under the wing and when the wing is lowered to begin a turn that wing blocks the pilot's view of where the turn will lead to. The engineers resolved this problem by placing the pilot forward of the wing's leading edge, but that led to a too-far-forward center of gravity.[1]

This problem was partially counteracted by the decision to use the significantly lighter Lycoming O-320 four-cylinder engine in place of the six-cylinder O-300 Continental used on the 172. The forward CG situation still existed even with the lighter engine, so a stabilator was chosen, to provide sufficient elevator control authority at low airspeeds.[1]

The 177 design was intended to be a replacement for the 172, which was to be discontinued after introduction of the new aircraft. The new design was originally to be called the 172J (to follow the 1968 model 172I). However, as the time came to make the transition, there was considerable resistance to the replacement of the 172 from the company's Marketing Division. The 1969 172 jumped to the designator 172K—there is no 172J.[4][5]

The 177 offers much better upward visibility than a 172 because of its steeply raked windshield and more aft-mounted wing. The absence of an obstructing wing support strut also makes the aircraft an excellent platform for aerial photography.[1]

Performance and handling problems[edit]

Soon after delivery of the first Cardinals to customers there were reported incidents of pilot-induced oscillation (PIO) that alarmed Cessna enough that the factory initiated a priority program to eliminate the problem. Reviewer Joe Christy explains:

We liked that airplane, and found almost nothing to pick at. However, owners soon discovered to their horror that it didn't fly or land exactly like a strutless Skyhawk, and some heavy-handed Super-Car drivers managed to smash the Cardinal tail into the pavement on landing, knock-off a few nose-wheels, etc. (apparently, this was possible if one closed his eyes, used full back-pressure on the wheel at the flare and then sat rigidly waiting for the crashing noises to subside). Cessna accepted the blame gracefully. That was proper because, after all, they had lulled a generation of Cessna pilots into near-effortless flying with the extremely forgiving 172 series, and it probably wasn't ethical to suddenly offer, to many of those same customers, a Cessna that didn't handle exactly like a Cessna. The company therefore picked up the tab for a list of modifications that gentled the Cardinal and returned the smiles to the faces of dealers and customers.[1]

The solution, which was provided to all aircraft already delivered at no cost, was known as Operation "Cardinal Rule" and included a series of 23 inspection, installation, and modification instructions. This Service Letter, SE68-14, consisted of modifying the stabilator to install slots just behind the leading edge (to delay the onset of stabilator stall) and installing full counterbalance (11 pounds versus the original 7 pounds) on the stabilator to eliminate the PIO problem.[6]

An original 1968 model fixed pitch 150 hp Cessna 177 Cardinal

The 177, with its 150 hp (112 kW) powerplant, was considered "underpowered", even though it had more power than the 145 hp (108 kW) Cessna 172.[2]

Cessna 177A[edit]

Recognizing that the aircraft was underpowered, Cessna introduced the 177A in 1969. The revision featured a 180 hp (135 kW) four-cylinder Lycoming O-360, moving the design's price and role somewhere between that of the 172 and 182.[2] The additional power improved cruise speed by 11 knots (20 km/h).[1][7]

Cessna 177B Cardinal

Cessna 177B[edit]

1970 saw the introduction of the 177B, which had a new wing airfoil, a constant-speed propeller, and other minor improvements. When empty, the 177B weighed 145 lb (66 kg) more than the earlier 177, with its maximum takeoff weight increased from 2,350 lb (1,067 kg) to 2,500 lb (1,135 kg).[1][7]

In 1978, Cessna built a deluxe version of the 177B, the Cardinal Classic, with leather upholstery, a table for the rear passengers, and a 28-Volt electrical system.[8]

Cessna 177RG Cardinal
1974 Cessna 177RG Cardinal landing

Cessna 177RG[edit]

The final aircraft in the 177 line was the retractable-gear 177RG Cardinal RG, which Cessna began producing in 1971 as a direct competitor to the Piper PA-28-200R Cherokee Arrow and Beechcraft Sierra. The nose gear folds rearward; when opened the gear door formed a small air brake behind the propeller.

To offset the 145 lb (66 kg) increase in empty weight, much of which was from the electrically powered hydraulic gear mechanism, the 177RG had a 200 hp (149 kW) Lycoming IO-360 engine.[2] This also allowed increase of the maximum weight by 300 lbs.[9]

The additional power and cleaner lines of the 177RG resulted in a cruise speed of 148 kn (274 km/h),[10] 22 kn (41 km/h) faster than the 177B. 1,543 177RGs were delivered between the US and Reims, Cessna's licensed partner in France. Those built in France by Reims were referred to as the Reims F177RG.[7]

Notable accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 23 October 1968, Alben Truitt, the grandson of former U.S. Vice President Alben Barkley, hijacked a Cessna 177 from Key West to Cuba. He returned via Canada in February 1969 and was sentenced to 20 years for aircraft piracy and 20 years for kidnapping (to run consecutively).[11][12]
  • On 11 April 1996, a Cessna 177B carrying 7-year-old Jessica Dubroff, her certified flight instructor and her father, crashed after takeoff from Cheyenne Airport in Cheyenne, Wyoming, killing all on board. Dubroff was attempting to set a cross-country record for young pilots, although her instructor was thought to have been at the controls at the time of the accident. No defect in the aircraft itself was found. The accident resulted in general public concern and new Federal legislation banning record attempts by non-holders of private pilot or higher certificates.[13][14]
  • On 30 July 1998 a Cessna 177RG Cardinal was hit by Proteus Airlines Flight 706, a Beechcraft 1900D which deviated over Quiberon Bay from its planned approach to Lorient, France, to give its passengers and crew a better view of the ocean liner SS Norway. Both aircraft crashed into the bay, killing all 14 people on board the Beechcraft and the sole occupant of the Cessna 177RG.[15]
  • On 14 March 2003, a Cessna 177 Cardinal crashed into Old Fort Mountain near Old Fort, North Carolina, after taking off from Asheville Regional Airport in Asheville, North Carolina. The crash killed author Amanda Davis, who was on a book tour promoting her first novel Wonder When You'll Miss Me, and her parents.[16][17]

Specifications (Cessna 177B)[edit]

Data from Airliners.net[7]

General characteristics

Performance

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Christy, Joe: The Complete Guide to the Single-Engine Cessnas - 3rd Edition, pages 54-61. TAB Books, 1979. ISBN 0-8306-2268-3
  2. ^ a b c d e f Plane and Pilot: 1978 Aircraft Directory, page 25. Werner & Werner Corp Publishing, 1978. ISBN 0-918312-00-0
  3. ^ Air Progress: 16. September 1071.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Cessna Pilots Association, "177/177RG Model History", September 1, 2006
  5. ^ Cessna Pilots Association, "172 Model History", January 30, 2009
  6. ^ Thomas A. Horne, "The Cardinals", AOPA Pilot March 1982, pages 32-42
  7. ^ a b c d "Cessna 177 Cardinal". Airliners.net. Retrieved 2006-10-30. 
  8. ^ Peterson, Keith (1997). "Cessna Cardinal article". Cardinal Flyers Online. Retrieved 17 March 2010. 
  9. ^ Peterson, Keith (1999). "Cessna Cardinal 177RG specifications". Cardinal Flyers Online. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  10. ^ Peterson, Keith (1999). "Cessna Cardinal 177RG specifications". Cardinal Flyers Online. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  11. ^ Cuban Political Violence in the United States Disorders and terrorism, National Advisory Committee, on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals Washington: 1976. Report of the Task Force on Disorders and Terrorism Appendix 6: Chronology of incidents of terroristic, quasi-terroristic attacks, and political violence in the United States:January 1965 to March 1976 By Marcia McKnight Trick
  12. ^ NBC Evening News for Wednesday, Aug 13, 1969 from the Vanderbilt Television News Archive
  13. ^ AvWeb (August 2009). "The Jessica Dubroff Accident". Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  14. ^ United States Code (January 2004). "TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION, SUBTITLE VII - AVIATION PROGRAMS, PART A - AIR COMMERCE AND SAFETY, SUBPART III - SAFETY, CHAPTER 447 - SAFETY REGULATION". Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  15. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Beechcraft 1900D F-GSJM Baie de Quiberon". aviation-safety.net. Flight Safety Foundation. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 
  16. ^ Luther, Claudia (March 24, 2003). "Amanda Davis, 32; 1st-Time Novelist". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 13, 2017. 
  17. ^ "Amanda Davis, 32, Novelist, Short-Story Writer and Teacher". The New York Times. March 18, 2003. Retrieved February 13, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cessna 177 at Wikimedia Commons

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