Play Video
1
Smite Conquest League Ranked #5 - Chaac
Smite Conquest League Ranked #5 - Chaac
::2014/03/04::
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2
SMITE Chaac Gameplay - "Get Back Here"
SMITE Chaac Gameplay - "Get Back Here"
::2014/07/16::
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3
The What am I Doing of Chaac [SMITE Gameplay, PC]
The What am I Doing of Chaac [SMITE Gameplay, PC]
::2013/12/18::
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4
SMITE - CHAAC VS CHAAC
SMITE - CHAAC VS CHAAC
::2014/08/07::
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5
SMITE: God Reveal - Chaac, God of Rain
SMITE: God Reveal - Chaac, God of Rain
::2013/12/18::
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6
SMITE Chaac Gameplay - "I
SMITE Chaac Gameplay - "I'm At The Phoenix"
::2014/01/05::
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7
SMITE - Chaac Siege Gameplay "Yes I do love AO Tornadoes"
SMITE - Chaac Siege Gameplay "Yes I do love AO Tornadoes"
::2014/07/08::
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8
SMITE - CHAAC Y MOMENTOS DE CONFUSION
SMITE - CHAAC Y MOMENTOS DE CONFUSION
::2014/04/26::
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9
New Chaac Skin: Slaughterhouse
New Chaac Skin: Slaughterhouse
::2014/06/10::
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10
SMITE (JUEGO GRATIS): "DURO COMO UNA ROCA!!" Chaac (Solo)
SMITE (JUEGO GRATIS): "DURO COMO UNA ROCA!!" Chaac (Solo)
::2014/09/29::
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11
Smite Chaac Gameplay Jungle Chaac Stronk
Smite Chaac Gameplay Jungle Chaac Stronk
::2013/12/19::
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12
SMITE - CHAAC DIAMANTE!
SMITE - CHAAC DIAMANTE!
::2014/09/22::
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13
SMITE - DUROS COMO PIEDRAS CON CHAAC
SMITE - DUROS COMO PIEDRAS CON CHAAC
::2014/09/08::
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14
SMITE - CHAAC MATADOR! (NUEVA SKIN)
SMITE - CHAAC MATADOR! (NUEVA SKIN)
::2014/07/04::
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15
SMITE - CHAAC Y LA PARTIDA INTERMINABLE (CONQUISTA)
SMITE - CHAAC Y LA PARTIDA INTERMINABLE (CONQUISTA)
::2014/04/03::
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16
SMITE: Path To Silver #19 - Chaac yourself before you wreck yourself (Chaac Gameplay)
SMITE: Path To Silver #19 - Chaac yourself before you wreck yourself (Chaac Gameplay)
::2014/03/27::
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17
SMITE - Chaac Solo Lane
SMITE - Chaac Solo Lane
::2013/12/18::
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18
CHAAC! - Smite Super Builds Ep.75
CHAAC! - Smite Super Builds Ep.75
::2014/04/19::
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19
SMITE - PRACTICANDO PARA TORNEO (3 VS 3) CHAAC
SMITE - PRACTICANDO PARA TORNEO (3 VS 3) CHAAC
::2014/06/06::
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20
Smite - Skin Spotlights : Slaughterhouse Chaac *Skin/Jokes/Taunts*
Smite - Skin Spotlights : Slaughterhouse Chaac *Skin/Jokes/Taunts*
::2014/06/11::
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21
Build Smite :: Chaac :: Rain
Build Smite :: Chaac :: Rain
::2014/03/16::
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22
''Slaughterhouse Chaac'' Smite Gameplay /w Chaac and his NEW skin ''Slaughterhouse'' (no commentary)
::2014/06/12::
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23
SMITE - Chaac Gameplay "Dunk Squad
SMITE - Chaac Gameplay "Dunk Squad's Newest Member"
::2013/12/19::
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24
Smite : How to Build Chaac
Smite : How to Build Chaac
::2014/04/04::
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25
Aprendiendo Smite PvP - Guía Chaac Solo Top | Habilidades | Build | Consejos
Aprendiendo Smite PvP - Guía Chaac Solo Top | Habilidades | Build | Consejos
::2014/02/15::
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26
SMITE Chaac feat. Trendkill and SNK8Four - "Bools"
SMITE Chaac feat. Trendkill and SNK8Four - "Bools"
::2014/01/10::
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27
LET
LET'S SLAUGHTER! CHAAC - Smite Super Builds Ep.115
::2014/06/12::
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28
Smite Chaac Gameplay " Oh I  love Legendary Chaac Skin"
Smite Chaac Gameplay " Oh I love Legendary Chaac Skin"
::2014/08/01::
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29
Chaac Norte - Sin Palabras [Video Oficial 2014] "ESTRENO"
Chaac Norte - Sin Palabras [Video Oficial 2014] "ESTRENO"
::2014/09/20::
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30
SMITE GUÍA | Chaac, Dios de la lluvia!!! | ESPAÑOL
SMITE GUÍA | Chaac, Dios de la lluvia!!! | ESPAÑOL
::2014/06/03::
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31
Критическая статья №39: Chaac [Smite/Смайт] [Гайд]
Критическая статья №39: Chaac [Smite/Смайт] [Гайд]
::2014/07/04::
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32
SMITE! Chaac, Menuda tormenta se acerca! Joust Ranked #38
SMITE! Chaac, Menuda tormenta se acerca! Joust Ranked #38
::2014/07/30::
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33
SMITE - Guerrier Chaac - HOW CAN WE WIN THIS? - By LRB / Xari & DFG [Replay 2 Avril 2014]
SMITE - Guerrier Chaac - HOW CAN WE WIN THIS? - By LRB / Xari & DFG [Replay 2 Avril 2014]
::2014/04/02::
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34
GUIA CHAAC (DAÑO) - SMITE/ESPAÑOL
GUIA CHAAC (DAÑO) - SMITE/ESPAÑOL
::2014/08/05::
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35
SMITE #39 - Joust 3x3 com Chaac aka Jason de Machado
SMITE #39 - Joust 3x3 com Chaac aka Jason de Machado
::2014/06/14::
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36
SMITE Gameplay(BR) - Chaac (ft.LukeZieghart, Valqkyrion) | Conquista #1
SMITE Gameplay(BR) - Chaac (ft.LukeZieghart, Valqkyrion) | Conquista #1
::2014/03/07::
Play Video
37
Smite Chaac Voice Pack
Smite Chaac Voice Pack
::2013/12/18::
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38
Chaac solo! [Hora de Ranked]
Chaac solo! [Hora de Ranked]
::2014/04/04::
Play Video
39
Chaac jungla! Smite en Español
Chaac jungla! Smite en Español
::2014/05/05::
Play Video
40
Smite #113 - Deutsch German - Chaac The God of Rain
Smite #113 - Deutsch German - Chaac The God of Rain
::2013/12/21::
Play Video
41
Smite - Chaac Gameplay - " Complet ... un peu trop "
Smite - Chaac Gameplay - " Complet ... un peu trop "
::2014/04/22::
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42
Smite Chaac Gameplay -"Bring the Rain!"
Smite Chaac Gameplay -"Bring the Rain!"
::2014/04/16::
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43
How To Build Chaac - Smite
How To Build Chaac - Smite
::2013/12/22::
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44
SMITE #24 - Arena com Chaac - O Deus da Chuva
SMITE #24 - Arena com Chaac - O Deus da Chuva
::2013/12/19::
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45
Chaac Gameplay. Gameplay comentado en español. Smite Game
Chaac Gameplay. Gameplay comentado en español. Smite Game
::2013/12/22::
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46
Chaac Norte-Balado Boa(Las pulgas Tijuana B.C. 2012)
Chaac Norte-Balado Boa(Las pulgas Tijuana B.C. 2012)
::2013/01/12::
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47
Smite League Chaac Gameplay "Still doe Diamond Chaac Op"
Smite League Chaac Gameplay "Still doe Diamond Chaac Op"
::2014/09/04::
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48
Live Stream 6/29/2014 - Chaac Solo League
Live Stream 6/29/2014 - Chaac Solo League
::2014/06/29::
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49
Smite BETA  - Tutorial Chaac (Items&Skills) - Español
Smite BETA - Tutorial Chaac (Items&Skills) - Español
::2014/01/05::
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50
Chaac Gameplay. Gameplay comentado en Español. Smite Game
Chaac Gameplay. Gameplay comentado en Español. Smite Game
::2014/01/24::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Earthenware effigy urn (an incense burner) of Chaac, 12th-14th century

Chaac (also spelled Chac or, in Classic Mayan, Chaahk [t͡ʃaːhk]) is the name of the Maya rain deity. With his lightning axe, Chaac strikes the clouds and produces thunder and rain. Chaac corresponds to Tlaloc among the Aztecs.

Rain deities and rain makers[edit]

Like other Maya gods, Chaac is both one and manifold. Four Chaacs are based in the cardinal directions and wear the directional colors. In 16th-century Yucatán, the directional Chaac of the east was called Chac Xib Chaac 'Red Man Chaac', only the colors being varied for the three other ones.[1]

Contemporary Yucatec Maya farmers distinguish many more aspects of the rain and the clouds and personify them as different, hierarchically-ordered rain deities. The Chorti Maya have preserved important folklore regarding the process of rain-making, which involved rain deities striking rain-carrying snakes with their axes.

The rain deities had their human counterparts. In the traditional Mayan (and Mesoamerican) community, one of the most important functions was that of rain maker, which presupposed an intimate acquaintance with (and thus, initiation by) the rain deities, and a knowledge of their places and movements. According to a Late-Postclassic Yucatec tradition, Chac Xib Chaac (the rain deity of the east) was the title of a king of Chichen Itza,[2] and similar titles were bestowed upon Classic rulers as well (see below).

Rain rituals[edit]

Among the rituals for the rain deities, the Yucatec Cha-Chaac ceremony for asking for rain is a ceremonial banquet for the rain deities. It includes four boys (one for each cardinal point) acting and chanting as frogs. Asking for rain and crops was also the purpose of 16th-century rituals at the karstic wells, or cenotes, of Yucatán. Young men and women were lowered into these wells and left to drown there, so as to make them enter the realm (and possibly, become the escorts) of the rain deities. Alternatively, they were thrown into the wells later to be drawn up again, and give oracles.

Mythology[edit]

The rain deity is a patron of agriculture. A well-known myth in which the Chaacs (or related Rain and Lightning deities) have an important role to play is about the opening of the mountain in which the maize was hidden. In Tzotzil mythology, the rain deity also figures as the father of nubile women representing maize and vegetables. In some versions of the Q'eqchi' myth of Sun and Moon, the rain deity Choc (or Chocl) 'Cloud' is the brother of Sun; together they defeat their aged adoptive mother and her lover. Later, Chocl commits adultery with his brother's wife and is duly punished; his tears of regret give origin to the rain. Versions of this myth[3] show the rain deity Chac in his war-like fury, pursuing the fleeing Sun and Moon, and attacking them with his lightning bolts.

Iconography[edit]

Rain deity impersonator, Classic period

Chaac is usually depicted with a human body showing reptilian or amphibian scales, and with a non-human head evincing fangs and a long, pendulous nose. In the Classic style, a shell serves as his ear ornament. He often carries shield and lightning-axe, the axe being personified by a closely related deity, god K, called Bolon Dzacab in Yucatec. The Classic Chaac sometimes shows features of the Central Mexican (Teotihuacan) precursor of Tlaloc.

Rain[edit]

A large part of the most important Maya book, the Dresden Codex, is dedicated to the Chaacs, their locations, and activities.[4] It illustrates the intimate relationship existing between the Chaacs, the Bacabs, and the aged goddess, Ixchel. The main source on the 16th-century Yucatec Maya, Bishop Diego de Landa, combines the four Chaacs with the four Bacabs and Pauahtuns into one concept. The Bacabs were aged deities governing the subterranean sphere and its water supplies.

Warfare[edit]

In the Classic period, the king often impersonated the rain deity (or an associated rain serpent) while the pictogram of the rain deity can accompany the king's other names. This may have given expression to his role as a supreme rain-maker. Often, however, it is the war-like fury of the rain deity that receives emphasis (as is also the case in the myth mentioned above). The king personifying the rain deity is then shown carrying war implements and making prisoners,[5] while his actions seem to be equated with the violence of a thunderstorm.

Narrative[edit]

About Chaac's role in Classic period mythological narrative, little is known. He is present at the resurrection of the Maya maize god from the carapace of a turtle representing the earth. The so-called 'confrontation scenes' are of a more legendary nature. They show a young nobleman and his retinue wading through the waters and being approached by warriors. One of these warriors is a man personifying the rain deity. He probably represents an ancestral king, and seems to be referred to as Chac Xib [Chac][6] Together with the skeletal Death God (God A), Chaac also appears to preside over an initiate's ritual transformation into a jaguar.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Landa, in Tozzer 1941: 137–138
  2. ^ Roys 1967: 67–68
  3. ^ Thompson 1970: 364
  4. ^ "O Códice de Dresden". World Digital Library. 1200–1250. Retrieved 2013-08-21. 
  5. ^ García Barrios 2009
  6. ^ García Barrios 2009: 18-21

References and bibliography[edit]

  • Cruz Torres, Mario, Rubelpec.
  • García Barrios, Ana, El aspecto bélico de Chaahk, el dios de la lluvia, en el Periodo Clásico maya. Revista Española de Antropología Americana 39-1 (2009): 7-29.
  • Redfield, Robert, and Alfonso Barrera Vasquez, Chan Kom.
  • Roys, Ralph L., The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel. 1967.
  • Taube, Karl, An Illustrated Dictionary of the Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya.
  • Thompson, J.E.S., Maya History and Religion. 1970.
  • Tozzer, Alfred, Landa's Relación de las Cosas de Yucatán, a Translation. 1941.
  • Wisdom, Charles, The Chorti Mayas.

See also[edit]

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