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Chacaltaya - El zenit supremo del todo es la nada (Álbum Completo) [Full Album]
Chacaltaya - El zenit supremo del todo es la nada (Álbum Completo) [Full Album]
Published: 2014/12/17
Channel: elete87
Chacaltaya, Bolivia
Chacaltaya, Bolivia
Published: 2015/04/05
Channel: PlanetTraveler
Chacaltaya - Sikuri
Chacaltaya - Sikuri
Published: 2010/06/13
Channel: faunodelirante
kjarkas - chacaltaya
kjarkas - chacaltaya
Published: 2012/07/15
Channel: Soledad Vargas Chavez
Mochilão - Montanha Chacaltaya (Bolívia)
Mochilão - Montanha Chacaltaya (Bolívia)
Published: 2015/08/06
Channel: Fora da Caixinha
Chacaltaya
Chacaltaya
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: ddtolfo
Disappearing Glaciers: Bolivia
Disappearing Glaciers: Bolivia's Chacaltaya
Published: 2009/12/07
Channel: Associated Press
morenada chacaltaya
morenada chacaltaya
Published: 2008/03/26
Channel: tradicionboliviana
CHACALTAYA - Inti Jiwaña (OpusXXXIII edit)
CHACALTAYA - Inti Jiwaña (OpusXXXIII edit)
Published: 2013/06/18
Channel: opusXXXIII
Los Kjarkas - Morenada Chacaltaya
Los Kjarkas - Morenada Chacaltaya
Published: 2011/03/26
Channel: BoliviaCultureTV
Global Warming
Global Warming's Toll: The Chacaltaya Glacier
Published: 2015/11/15
Channel: Christopher Moeckel
La Paz Bolivia Chacaltaya Mountain and Valle de la Luna
La Paz Bolivia Chacaltaya Mountain and Valle de la Luna
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: digitalphat
MALKI TV - MORENADA CHACALTAYA - Los Kjarkas en Ginebra, Suiza (Gira Europa 2013)(HD)
MALKI TV - MORENADA CHACALTAYA - Los Kjarkas en Ginebra, Suiza (Gira Europa 2013)(HD)
Published: 2014/01/27
Channel: MALKI - William Valencia
Proyeccion (Chacaltaya de mi vida - Morenada 2017)ᴴᴰ Action Studios®
Proyeccion (Chacaltaya de mi vida - Morenada 2017)ᴴᴰ Action Studios®
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Edú©
Chacaltaya (Bolivia) / The Highest Road in South America
Chacaltaya (Bolivia) / The Highest Road in South America
Published: 2012/10/20
Channel: Guillaume Prébois
Chacaltaya Bolívia - Parte2
Chacaltaya Bolívia - Parte2
Published: 2016/01/20
Channel: Trails And Travels
Chacaltaya - Loïca
Chacaltaya - Loïca
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: Loica Music
Monte Chacaltaya | EP 23 | BOLÍVIA
Monte Chacaltaya | EP 23 | BOLÍVIA
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: Vem Conosco
Bolivia 2017- La Paz and Chacaltaya
Bolivia 2017- La Paz and Chacaltaya
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Gerard Mazi
SIKURI - GRUPO CHACALTAYA.wmv
SIKURI - GRUPO CHACALTAYA.wmv
Published: 2011/03/19
Channel: CHARANGO BOLIVIA
Subida de ônibus para o Chacaltaya, La Paz - Bolívia
Subida de ônibus para o Chacaltaya, La Paz - Bolívia
Published: 2012/02/11
Channel: tesbrinz
Chacaltaya - Korthi Poncho (Música Andina Boliviana)
Chacaltaya - Korthi Poncho (Música Andina Boliviana)
Published: 2012/02/03
Channel: Lo Más Bolivia
Sky Chacaltaya - Bolivia
Sky Chacaltaya - Bolivia
Published: 2008/02/13
Channel: comunidadandina
Chacaltaya - Sikuri (Música Andina Boliviana)
Chacaltaya - Sikuri (Música Andina Boliviana)
Published: 2012/02/03
Channel: Lo Más Bolivia
ENTRADA DE 16 DE JULIO 2017-CHACALTAYA 97.16 SIMAS PROD. 67099080 FILMACIONES EN HD
ENTRADA DE 16 DE JULIO 2017-CHACALTAYA 97.16 SIMAS PROD. 67099080 FILMACIONES EN HD
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: SIMAS PRODUCCIONES BOLIVIA
SAVIA ANDINA / CHACALTAYA  HD
SAVIA ANDINA / CHACALTAYA HD
Published: 2010/04/03
Channel: Bolivian MTV
MUSICA CON ALTURA - CHACALTAYA - SICURI
MUSICA CON ALTURA - CHACALTAYA - SICURI
Published: 2012/05/19
Channel: Bolivian MTV
Chacaltaya, Bolívia
Chacaltaya, Bolívia
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: FUI VIAJAR NÃO SEI QUANDO VOLTO
Chacaltaya - Mallku (Por siempre Los Andes)
Chacaltaya - Mallku (Por siempre Los Andes)
Published: 2011/06/30
Channel: magicosurproductions
Savia Andina Chacaltaya HD.flv
Savia Andina Chacaltaya HD.flv
Published: 2010/04/24
Channel: yandel1014
Chacaltaya en vivo, La Partida.
Chacaltaya en vivo, La Partida.
Published: 2011/03/29
Channel: Adolfo Perales Huerta
Chacaltaya, primer glaciar que desaparece por cambio climático
Chacaltaya, primer glaciar que desaparece por cambio climático
Published: 2010/09/10
Channel: teleSUR tv
Estación CHACALTAYA 5.300 msnm
Estación CHACALTAYA 5.300 msnm
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: Federico Sanguinetti
Chacaltaya - Bolívia, Fevereiro 2015
Chacaltaya - Bolívia, Fevereiro 2015
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: André Games
CHACALTAYA - Sicuri
CHACALTAYA - Sicuri
Published: 2016/01/23
Channel: HERNAN PIHUAYCHO
Behind the Scenes: Chacaltaya Glacier | CRS
Behind the Scenes: Chacaltaya Glacier | CRS
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: Catholic Relief Services
Chacaltaya - Bolívia
Chacaltaya - Bolívia
Published: 2015/05/27
Channel: Delma Paz
Awatiñas - Chacaltaya Achachi
Awatiñas - Chacaltaya Achachi
Published: 2008/11/10
Channel: Don Diego de Sarco
GRUPO AMARU - GRAN CHACALTAYA
GRUPO AMARU - GRAN CHACALTAYA
Published: 2012/01/26
Channel: GRUPO AMARU
The Abandoned Ski Station | Chacaltaya
The Abandoned Ski Station | Chacaltaya
Published: 2015/12/24
Channel: Spicy Suitcase
La Ruta De La Muerte – Chacaltaya -  BOLIVIA 2 ¡Lo que debes saber antes de ir!
La Ruta De La Muerte – Chacaltaya - BOLIVIA 2 ¡Lo que debes saber antes de ir!
Published: 2016/02/01
Channel: Los Viajes De San
AWATIÑAS ... nevado Chacaltaya Bolivia (estreno 2010)
AWATIÑAS ... nevado Chacaltaya Bolivia (estreno 2010)
Published: 2010/03/07
Channel: VLADIMIR FLORES QUENTA
Awatiñas - Chacaltaya Señorial
Awatiñas - Chacaltaya Señorial
Published: 2008/11/10
Channel: Don Diego de Sarco
Vuelve la nevada al Chacaltaya tras 8 años
Vuelve la nevada al Chacaltaya tras 8 años
Published: 2017/09/14
Channel: ATB Digital
los kjarkas morenada chacaltaya cusco  2015 HD
los kjarkas morenada chacaltaya cusco 2015 HD
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: Harold Calderon Capatinta
Trekking al Pico Chacaltaya - La Paz, Bolivia.
Trekking al Pico Chacaltaya - La Paz, Bolivia.
Published: 2015/08/01
Channel: Angelvis Tovar
Bronco En Vivo Tour En Bolivia Chacaltaya 96.16 De La Paz Bolivia
Bronco En Vivo Tour En Bolivia Chacaltaya 96.16 De La Paz Bolivia
Published: 2016/04/30
Channel: Promociones Paulita
A más de 5000 msnm | Chacaltaya | BOLIVIA 2
A más de 5000 msnm | Chacaltaya | BOLIVIA 2
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Menos 5 GMT
LOS KJARKAS: Chacaltaya (Lima-Perú, 1 Mayo 2017)
LOS KJARKAS: Chacaltaya (Lima-Perú, 1 Mayo 2017)
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: LA MÚSICA DE TODOS LOS TIEMPOS Félix Alcántara Virú
Parte Presentacion de Modern Talking en El Alto con la Chacaltaya 97 punto 16
Parte Presentacion de Modern Talking en El Alto con la Chacaltaya 97 punto 16
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Conciertos en Bolivia
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Chacaltaya
Chacaltaya summmit Oct 2012.jpg
Chacaltaya peak, October 2012
Highest point
Elevation 5,421 m (17,785 ft)
Coordinates 16°21′12″S 68°07′53″W / 16.35333°S 68.13139°W / -16.35333; -68.13139Coordinates: 16°21′12″S 68°07′53″W / 16.35333°S 68.13139°W / -16.35333; -68.13139
Geography
Chacaltaya is located in Bolivia
Chacaltaya
Chacaltaya
Location of Chacaltaya in Bolivia
Location La Paz Department, Bolivia
Parent range Cordillera Real, Andes
Geology
Mountain type Fold mountain
Climbing
Easiest route Walk up

Chacaltaya (Mollo language for "bridge of winds" or "winds meeting point"[citation needed], Aymara for "cold road"[1][dubious ]) is a mountain in the Cordillera Real, one of the mountain ranges of the Cordillera Oriental, itself a range of the Bolivian Andes. Its elevation is 5,421 meters (17,785 ft). Chacaltaya's glacier — which was as old as 18,000 years — had an area of 0.22 km2 (0.085 sq mi) in 1940, which had been reduced to 0.01 km2 (0.0039 sq mi) in 2007 and was completely gone by 2009.[2][3][4] Half of the meltdown, as measured by volume, took place before 1980.[5] The final meltdown after 1980, due to missing precipitation and the warm phase of El Niño, resulted in the glacier's disappearance in 2009. The glacier was formerly one of the highest in South America, located about 30 kilometers (19 mi) from La Paz, near Huayna Potosí mountain.

Ski area[edit]

Enhanced image of Chacaltaya ski resort, November 2007

The glacier on Chacaltaya served as Bolivia's only ski resort. It was the world's highest lift-served ski area and the northernmost in South America as well as the world's second most equatorial after Maoke, Indonesia. The rope tow, the very first in South America, was built in 1939 using an automobile engine; it was notoriously fast and difficult, housed in the site's original clapboard lodge, and is now inoperable. The road to the base of the 200-meter (660 ft) drop is reached by a narrow road, also built in the 1930s. Traditionally, due to the extreme cold weather, the lift operated exclusively on weekends from November to March. Since 2009, skiing is restricted to a 600-foot (180 m) stretch that sometimes receives sufficient snowfall for a run during the winter.[3][6] The mountain is also popular with amateur mountaineers, as the aforementioned road stops only 200 metres (660 ft) from the summit. Guinness World Records considers the ski resort restaurant to be the highest restaurant in the world.[7]

Retreat of Chacaltaya glacier[edit]

View of Chacaltaya glacier, May 2005

Scientists at the Mount Chacaltaya Laboratory started measuring the Chacaltaya glacier in the 1990s. Predicted at that time to survive until 2015, the Chacaltaya glacier has melted at a much faster rate than expected. The 18,000-year-old glacier has been reduced in recent years to just a few small patches of ice and snow near the top of the mountain.[4]

Many Bolivians on the Altiplano and in two of Bolivia's main cities — La Paz and El Alto — partially depend on the partial melting of Andean glaciers for their water supply during the dry season. The World Bank has warned that many glaciers in the tropical portion of the Andes are expected to disappear within 20 years. This will threaten the water supplies of nearly 80 million people as well as the future generation of hydropower. Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru depend on hydropower for about half their electricity.[4]

Observatory[edit]

Chacaltaya Observatory, March 2011
Automatic weather station located in the northwestern ridge of Mount Chacaltaya, Bolivia. It is one of the highest of the country, located at 5380 masl. The station belongs to the national met-office (SENAMHI) but it is maintained by the local public university (UMSA).

Located at 5,240 meters (17,190 ft), the Mount Chacaltaya Laboratory began as a weather station in 1942.[8]

It is an important site for gamma ray research [9] since it gained notoriety in the 1940s due to the first observations of pions.

The Chacaltaya Observatory belongs to the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés and it is operated in collaboration with other universities worldwide. It currently hosts the Cosmic Rays research group and since 2011 the Chacaltaya GAW station. The Chacaltaya GAW station is one of the few monitoring sites of essential climate variables (meteorological variables, aerosols and greenhouse gases) in the Southern Hemisphere. It contributes to the Global Atmosphere Watch program.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chacaltaya 1952-1997
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
10.5
(50.9)
12.0
(53.6)
8.3
(46.9)
8.5
(47.3)
7.7
(45.9)
6.5
(43.7)
9.7
(49.5)
6.9
(44.4)
11.0
(51.8)
10.1
(50.2)
10.0
(50)
12
(53.6)
Average high °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
2.3
(36.1)
2.5
(36.5)
2.5
(36.5)
2.3
(36.1)
1.4
(34.5)
1.6
(34.9)
2.2
(36)
1.9
(35.4)
2.9
(37.2)
3.1
(37.6)
2.8
(37)
2.32
(36.16)
Average low °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−3.7
(25.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
−3.8
(25.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
−6.3
(20.7)
−6.5
(20.3)
−5.9
(21.4)
−5.4
(22.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
−3.9
(25)
−3.6
(25.5)
−4.61
(23.72)
Record low °C (°F) −13.7
(7.3)
−12.5
(9.5)
−15.0
(5)
−8.7
(16.3)
−13.4
(7.9)
−13.8
(7.2)
−12.9
(8.8)
−13.5
(7.7)
−15.9
(3.4)
−13.6
(7.5)
−12.6
(9.3)
−11.6
(11.1)
−15.9
(3.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 105.4
(4.15)
81.5
(3.209)
70.2
(2.764)
31.7
(1.248)
13.9
(0.547)
6.8
(0.268)
6.9
(0.272)
10.0
(0.394)
27.7
(1.091)
34.2
(1.346)
51.9
(2.043)
77.8
(3.063)
518
(20.395)
Source: http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/doc34-04/010013712.pdf

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Enders, John (May 2009). "Bolivia's Chacaltaya glacier is gone". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2015-09-18 – via McClatchy DC. 
  2. ^ "Vanishing Bolivian Glacier Ends Highest Ski Run (Update1)". Bloomberg. 2009-08-05. 
  3. ^ a b "Farewell to a melting glacier". BBC News. 2007-04-03. Retrieved 2007-07-13. 
  4. ^ a b c Painter, James (2009-05-12). "Huge Bolivian glacier disappears". BBC New. Retrieved 2015-06-24. 
  5. ^ Francou, Bernard; Ramirez, Edson; Cáceres, Bolivar; Mendoza, Javier (November 2000). "Glacier Evolution in the Tropical Andes during the Last Decades of the 20th Century: Chacaltaya, Bolivia, and Antizana, Ecuador". AMBIO. 29: 416. ISSN 0044-7447. JSTOR 4315067. 
  6. ^ Romero, Simon (2007-02-02). "Bolivia's Only Ski Resort Is Facing a Snowless Future". Chacaltaya Journal. The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  7. ^ "Highest restaurant". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 20 November 2017. 
  8. ^ Francesco Zaratti (2009). "The Mount Chacaltaya Laboratory: past, present and future" (PDF). La Paz, Bolivia: Atmospheric Physics Laboratory. Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  9. ^ Wamsteker, W; Albrecht, Rudolf; Haubold, Hans J (2004). Developing basic space science world-wide: a decade of UN/ESA workshops. Dordrecht, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-1-4020-2519-8. OCLC 56105246. 

External links[edit]

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