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Chacaltaya - El zenit supremo del todo es la nada (Álbum Completo) [Full Album]
Chacaltaya - El zenit supremo del todo es la nada (Álbum Completo) [Full Album]
Published: 2014/12/17
Channel: elete87
Chacaltaya, Bolivia
Chacaltaya, Bolivia
Published: 2015/04/05
Channel: PlanetTraveler
kjarkas - chacaltaya
kjarkas - chacaltaya
Published: 2012/07/15
Channel: Soledad Vargas Chavez
Chacaltaya - Sikuri
Chacaltaya - Sikuri
Published: 2010/06/13
Channel: faunodelirante
Mochilão - Montanha Chacaltaya (Bolívia)
Mochilão - Montanha Chacaltaya (Bolívia)
Published: 2015/08/06
Channel: Fora da Caixinha
Disappearing Glaciers: Bolivia
Disappearing Glaciers: Bolivia's Chacaltaya
Published: 2009/12/07
Channel: Associated Press
CHACALTAYA - Inti Jiwaña (OpusXXXIII edit)
CHACALTAYA - Inti Jiwaña (OpusXXXIII edit)
Published: 2013/06/18
Channel: opusXXXIII
Sky Chacaltaya - Bolivia
Sky Chacaltaya - Bolivia
Published: 2008/02/13
Channel: comunidadandina
INVITACION 2017 - SEÑORIAL DE MORENOS CHACALTAYA 97.16
INVITACION 2017 - SEÑORIAL DE MORENOS CHACALTAYA 97.16
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: ACTION STUDIOS
MALKI TV - MORENADA CHACALTAYA - Los Kjarkas en Ginebra, Suiza (Gira Europa 2013)(HD)
MALKI TV - MORENADA CHACALTAYA - Los Kjarkas en Ginebra, Suiza (Gira Europa 2013)(HD)
Published: 2014/01/27
Channel: MALKI - William Valencia
Chacaltaya en vivo, La Partida.
Chacaltaya en vivo, La Partida.
Published: 2011/03/29
Channel: Adolfo Perales Huerta
Chacaltaya - Sikuri (Música Andina Boliviana)
Chacaltaya - Sikuri (Música Andina Boliviana)
Published: 2012/02/03
Channel: Lo Más Bolivia
La Paz Bolivia Chacaltaya Mountain and Valle de la Luna
La Paz Bolivia Chacaltaya Mountain and Valle de la Luna
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: digitalphat
Chacaltaya, Bolívia
Chacaltaya, Bolívia
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: FUI VIAJAR NÃO SEI QUANDO VOLTO
Chacaltaya Bolívia - Parte2
Chacaltaya Bolívia - Parte2
Published: 2016/01/20
Channel: Trails And Travels
Proyeccion - Chacaltaya de mi Vida (MORENADA) ᴴᴰ
Proyeccion - Chacaltaya de mi Vida (MORENADA) ᴴᴰ
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: RonconBolivia
Subida de ônibus para o Chacaltaya, La Paz - Bolívia
Subida de ônibus para o Chacaltaya, La Paz - Bolívia
Published: 2012/02/11
Channel: tesbrinz
Chacaltaya, Bolívia
Chacaltaya, Bolívia
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: Mochileiros pelo Mundo
Behind the Scenes: Chacaltaya Glacier | CRS
Behind the Scenes: Chacaltaya Glacier | CRS
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: Catholic Relief Services
SIKURI - GRUPO CHACALTAYA.wmv
SIKURI - GRUPO CHACALTAYA.wmv
Published: 2011/03/19
Channel: CHARANGO BOLIVIA
Chacaltaya - Bolívia, Fevereiro 2015
Chacaltaya - Bolívia, Fevereiro 2015
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: André Games
Chacaltaya y Valle de la Luna - Tour Bolívia # Episódio 3
Chacaltaya y Valle de la Luna - Tour Bolívia # Episódio 3
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Walesca Diva
Chacaltaya - Mallku (Por siempre Los Andes)
Chacaltaya - Mallku (Por siempre Los Andes)
Published: 2011/06/30
Channel: magicosurproductions
Visão do alto da montanha Chacaltaya - El Alto (Bolívia) 04/2013
Visão do alto da montanha Chacaltaya - El Alto (Bolívia) 04/2013
Published: 2013/05/03
Channel: Victor Mendoza
Chacaltaya en Bolivia, la estación de esquí más alta del mundo (5.300-5.580 m)
Chacaltaya en Bolivia, la estación de esquí más alta del mundo (5.300-5.580 m)
Published: 2013/03/18
Channel: Carlos del Álamo
MUSICA CON ALTURA - CHACALTAYA - SICURI
MUSICA CON ALTURA - CHACALTAYA - SICURI
Published: 2012/05/19
Channel: Bolivian MTV
Chacaltaya - Bolívia
Chacaltaya - Bolívia
Published: 2015/05/27
Channel: Delma Paz
RECEPCION 2016 SEÑORIAL BULLANGUEROS CHACALTAYA 2009.16
RECEPCION 2016 SEÑORIAL BULLANGUEROS CHACALTAYA 2009.16
Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: PRINCIPALES SC
Caminho para Chacaltaya
Caminho para Chacaltaya
Published: 2014/11/10
Channel: Alexandre Augusto
Alerta ambiental en glaciar Chacaltaya
Alerta ambiental en glaciar Chacaltaya
Published: 2009/12/05
Channel: teleSUR tv
Chacaltaya 97.16 - Llajtaymanta (Mia tu serás)
Chacaltaya 97.16 - Llajtaymanta (Mia tu serás)
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: Periodico Qamasa
World
World's Highest Glacier Is Set to Melt Into History
Published: 2009/12/21
Channel: Associated Press
EXTINCION DEL NEVADO CHACALTAYA BOLIVIA_part 2.mpg
EXTINCION DEL NEVADO CHACALTAYA BOLIVIA_part 2.mpg
Published: 2010/12/13
Channel: Sergio Raul Herrera Valencia
Chacaltaya - Korthi Poncho (Música Andina Boliviana)
Chacaltaya - Korthi Poncho (Música Andina Boliviana)
Published: 2012/02/03
Channel: Lo Más Bolivia
Chacaltaya 97.16 2007 Kalamarka
Chacaltaya 97.16 2007 Kalamarka
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: Periodico Qamasa
Chacaltaya - Loïca
Chacaltaya - Loïca
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: Loica Music
Chacaltaya (Bolivia) / The Highest Road in South America
Chacaltaya (Bolivia) / The Highest Road in South America
Published: 2012/10/20
Channel: Guillaume Prébois
Yuri Ortuño - ORO Y PLATA CHACALTAYA - Morenada Chacaltaya 2014
Yuri Ortuño - ORO Y PLATA CHACALTAYA - Morenada Chacaltaya 2014
Published: 2014/03/18
Channel: Yuri.Mijail
2013 - DEZ - Chacaltaya 5300m - Bolívia
2013 - DEZ - Chacaltaya 5300m - Bolívia
Published: 2014/03/16
Channel: Diego Ribeiro
Trekking al Pico Chacaltaya - La Paz, Bolivia.
Trekking al Pico Chacaltaya - La Paz, Bolivia.
Published: 2015/08/01
Channel: Angelvis Tovar
Savia Andina Chacaltaya HD.flv
Savia Andina Chacaltaya HD.flv
Published: 2010/04/24
Channel: yandel1014
Chacaltaya, Bolívia - Parte1
Chacaltaya, Bolívia - Parte1
Published: 2016/01/20
Channel: Trails And Travels
"CHACALTAYA"BOLIVIA, INCA TAKI (música andina- Zampoñas) aut:CESAR ESPADA)
"CHACALTAYA"BOLIVIA, INCA TAKI (música andina- Zampoñas) aut:CESAR ESPADA)
Published: 2009/07/12
Channel: BOLIVITO
Todos juntos (Khantu cósmico) - Chacaltaya
Todos juntos (Khantu cósmico) - Chacaltaya
Published: 2014/08/23
Channel: Gerardo Yañez
BOLIVIA, LA PAZ,  Deshielo en Chacaltaya (5500m/snm) Calentamiento Global.
BOLIVIA, LA PAZ, Deshielo en Chacaltaya (5500m/snm) Calentamiento Global.
Published: 2010/02/25
Channel: mundoarjo
Ariel & Los Pumas - Asi no te amara jamas (En radio Chacaltaya Bolivia)
Ariel & Los Pumas - Asi no te amara jamas (En radio Chacaltaya Bolivia)
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: Aldo Flores
Parte Presentacion de Modern Talking en El Alto con la Chacaltaya 97 punto 16
Parte Presentacion de Modern Talking en El Alto con la Chacaltaya 97 punto 16
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Conciertos en Bolivia
Chacaltaya 97.16 2010 Tupay - Mi Chacaltaya
Chacaltaya 97.16 2010 Tupay - Mi Chacaltaya
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: Periodico Qamasa
CHACALTAYA A MONTANHA NEVADA DE LA PAZ BOLÍVIA POR DUONE LATINO
CHACALTAYA A MONTANHA NEVADA DE LA PAZ BOLÍVIA POR DUONE LATINO
Published: 2014/01/28
Channel: Doune Silva
Down Hill monte Chacaltaya
Down Hill monte Chacaltaya
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: MARCOS RODOLFO
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Chacaltaya
Chacaltaya summmit Oct 2012.jpg
Chacaltaya peak, October 2012
Highest point
Elevation 5,421 m (17,785 ft)
Coordinates 16°21′12″S 68°07′53″W / 16.35333°S 68.13139°W / -16.35333; -68.13139Coordinates: 16°21′12″S 68°07′53″W / 16.35333°S 68.13139°W / -16.35333; -68.13139
Geography
Chacaltaya is located in Bolivia
Chacaltaya
Chacaltaya
Location of Chacaltaya in Bolivia
Location La Paz Department, Bolivia
Parent range Cordillera Real, Andes
Geology
Mountain type Fold mountain
Climbing
Easiest route Walk up

Chacaltaya (Mollo language for "bridge of winds" or "winds meeting point"[citation needed], Aymara for "cold road"[1][dubious ]) is a mountain in the Cordillera Real, one of the mountain ranges of the Cordillera Oriental, itself a range of the Bolivian Andes. Its elevation is 5,421 meters (17,785 ft). Chacaltaya's glacier — which was as old as 18,000 years — had an area of 0.22 km2 (0.085 sq mi) in 1940, which had been reduced to 0.01 km2 (0.0039 sq mi) in 2007 and was completely gone by 2009.[2][3][4] Half of the meltdown, as measured by volume, took place before 1980.[5] The final meltdown after 1980, due to missing precipitation and the warm phase of El Niño, resulted in the glacier's disappearance in 2009. The glacier was formerly one of the highest in South America, located about 30 kilometers (19 mi) from La Paz, near Huayna Potosí mountain.

Ski area[edit]

Enhanced image of Chacaltaya ski resort, November 2007

The glacier on Chacaltaya served as Bolivia's only ski resort. It was the world's highest lift-served ski area and the northernmost in South America as well as the world's second most equatorial after Maoke, Indonesia. The rope tow, the very first in South America, was built in 1939 using an automobile engine; it was notoriously fast and difficult, housed in the site's original clapboard lodge, and is now inoperable. The road to the base of the 200-meter (660 ft) drop is reached by a narrow road, also built in the 1930s. Traditionally, due to the extreme cold weather, the lift operated exclusively on weekends from November to March. Since 2009, skiing is restricted to a 600-foot (180 m) stretch that sometimes receives sufficient snowfall for a run during the winter.[3][6] The mountain is also popular with amateur mountaineers, as the aforementioned road stops only 200 metres (660 ft) from the summit.

Retreat of Chacaltaya glacier[edit]

View of Chacaltaya glacier, May 2005

Scientists at the Mount Chacaltaya Laboratory started measuring the Chacaltaya glacier in the 1990s. Predicted at that time to survive until 2015, the Chacaltaya glacier has melted at a much faster rate than expected. The 18,000-year-old glacier has been reduced in recent years to just a few small patches of ice and snow near the top of the mountain.[4]

Many Bolivians on the Altiplano and in two of Bolivia's main cities — La Paz and El Alto — partially depend on the partial melting of Andean glaciers for their water supply during the dry season. The World Bank has warned that many glaciers in the tropical portion of the Andes are expected to disappear within 20 years. This will threaten the water supplies of nearly 80 million people as well as the future generation of hydropower. Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru depend on hydropower for about half their electricity.[4]

Observatory[edit]

Chacaltaya Observatory, March 2011
Automatic weather station located in the northwestern ridge of Mount Chacaltaya, Bolivia. It is one of the highest of the country, located at 5380 masl. The station belongs to the national met-office (SENAMHI) but it is maintained by the local public university (UMSA).

Located at 5,240 meters (17,190 ft), the Mount Chacaltaya Laboratory began as a weather station in 1942.[7]

It is an important site for gamma ray research [8] since it gained notoriety in the 1940s due to the first observations of pions.

The Chacaltaya Observatory belongs to the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés and it is operated in collaboration with other universities worldwide. It currently hosts the Cosmic Rays research group and since 2011 the Chacaltaya GAW station. The Chacaltaya GAW station is one of the few monitoring sites of essential climate variables (meteorological variables, aerosols and greenhouse gases) in the Southern Hemisphere. It contributes to the Global Atmosphere Watch program.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chacaltaya 1952-1997
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
10.5
(50.9)
12.0
(53.6)
8.3
(46.9)
8.5
(47.3)
7.7
(45.9)
6.5
(43.7)
9.7
(49.5)
6.9
(44.4)
11.0
(51.8)
10.1
(50.2)
10.0
(50)
12
(53.6)
Average high °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
2.3
(36.1)
2.5
(36.5)
2.5
(36.5)
2.3
(36.1)
1.4
(34.5)
1.6
(34.9)
2.2
(36)
1.9
(35.4)
2.9
(37.2)
3.1
(37.6)
2.8
(37)
2.32
(36.16)
Average low °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−3.7
(25.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
−3.8
(25.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
−6.3
(20.7)
−6.5
(20.3)
−5.9
(21.4)
−5.4
(22.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
−3.9
(25)
−3.6
(25.5)
−4.61
(23.72)
Record low °C (°F) −13.7
(7.3)
−12.5
(9.5)
−15.0
(5)
−8.7
(16.3)
−13.4
(7.9)
−13.8
(7.2)
−12.9
(8.8)
−13.5
(7.7)
−15.9
(3.4)
−13.6
(7.5)
−12.6
(9.3)
−11.6
(11.1)
−15.9
(3.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 105.4
(4.15)
81.5
(3.209)
70.2
(2.764)
31.7
(1.248)
13.9
(0.547)
6.8
(0.268)
6.9
(0.272)
10.0
(0.394)
27.7
(1.091)
34.2
(1.346)
51.9
(2.043)
77.8
(3.063)
518
(20.395)
Source: http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/doc34-04/010013712.pdf

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Enders, John (May 2009). "Bolivia's Chacaltaya glacier is gone". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2015-09-18 – via McClatchy DC. 
  2. ^ "Vanishing Bolivian Glacier Ends Highest Ski Run (Update1)". Bloomberg. 2009-08-05. 
  3. ^ a b "Farewell to a melting glacier". BBC News. 2007-04-03. Retrieved 2007-07-13. 
  4. ^ a b c Painter, James (2009-05-12). "Huge Bolivian glacier disappears". BBC New. Retrieved 2015-06-24. 
  5. ^ Francou, Bernard; Ramirez, Edson; Cáceres, Bolivar; Mendoza, Javier (November 2000). "Glacier Evolution in the Tropical Andes during the Last Decades of the 20th Century: Chacaltaya, Bolivia, and Antizana, Ecuador". AMBIO. 29: 416. ISSN 0044-7447. JSTOR 4315067. 
  6. ^ Romero, Simon (2007-02-02). "Bolivia’s Only Ski Resort Is Facing a Snowless Future". Chacaltaya Journal. The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  7. ^ Francesco Zaratti (2009). "The Mount Chacaltaya Laboratory: past, present and future" (PDF). La Paz, Bolivia: Atmospheric Physics Laboratory. Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  8. ^ Wamsteker, W; Albrecht, Rudolf; Haubold, Hans J (2004). Developing basic space science world-wide: a decade of UN/ESA workshops. Dordrecht, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-1-4020-2519-8. OCLC 56105246. 

External links[edit]

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