|Born||José Abelardo Barbosa de Medeiros
September 30, 1917
Surubim, Pernambuco, Brazil
|Died||June 30, 1988
Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Occupation||TV presenter, comedian|
José Abelardo Barbosa de Medeiros (September 30, 1917 – June 30, 1988), better known as Chacrinha (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʃaˈkɾiɲɐ]), was a Brazilian comedian, radio and TV personality. His career was at its peak from 1950 to 1980. He was author of a famous Brazilian phrase that states: "Na televisão, nada se cria, tudo se copia" ("In television, nothing is created, everything is copied"). In his shows, now famous Brazilian celebrities were revealed, such as Roberto Carlos and Raul Seixas.
He began as a radio presenter, and then enjoyed great success and inspired controversy with his anarchic sense of humor while hosting many TV shows on Globo and other networks in the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s and 1980s . He would interrupt the musical numbers of major stars, blow a horn like Harpo Marx while poking fun at guests and throw codfish to the audience.
Chacrinha was born in Surubim, Pernambuco. At the age of 10, he moved with his family to Campina Grande, Paraiba. At age of 17, he went to the capital of Pernambuco, Recife to study. He was admitted to Medicine School in 1936 and in 1937 he had his first contact with radio at radio Clube Pernambuco, when he gave a speech about alcoholism. Chacrinha, besides several financial crisis in his family throughout his life, had a peaceful childhood.
In Recife, the starting point of his career, he finished his studies and everything seemed to point Medicine School for his future. Because he did not want to spend a year in the military, he falsified his D.O.B at his identification document and ended up at Tiro de Guerra, a military Brazilian institution. After this experience, he started playing drums. Two years after beginning his medicine studies, in 1938, he was saved by already graduated colleagues from a severe appendicitis. While still recovering from the very delicate surgery, he, as a percussionist at the group Bando Academico, decided to travel as a musician in a ship called Bage, heading to Germany. However, at that day in 1939, Second World War forced him to cancel his plans and land at the then Brazil's capital, Rio de Janeiro. There, he became a speaker at Radio Tupi. In 1943, he started a Carnival music show called Rei Momo na Chacrinha at Radio Fluminense, which became very successful. He was then known as Abelardo "Chacrinha" Barbosa. In the 1950s he would command several successful shows, in which he released various successes of Brazilian music. In one of his shows, Cassino do Chacrinha (Chacrinha's Cassino), he pretended, with sounds and noises, to be throwing big parties and would make people expect big releases.
In 1956, he started his participation in the show Rancho Alegre, at TV Tupi, in which he also started his show Discoteca do Chacrinha (Chacrinha Disco). After that, he went to TV Rio, and in 1967, he was contracted by Rede Globo. At some point of his career, he maintained two weekly shows: Buzina do Chacrinha (Chacrinha's Honk) and Discoteca do Chacrinha. Five years later he went back to TV Tupi. In 1978 he transferred to TV Bandeirantes and in 1982 he returned to Rede Globo, where his two shows became one: Cassino do Chacrinha. This show would make huge success in Saturday evenings.
One of his most well known phrases would be "In television, nothing is created, everything is copied".
In one of his shows, he would introduce himself wearing funny and sloppy clothes, honking a hand honk to declassify participants, while joking and mocking them with then famous expressions such as "Teresinha!", "Eu vim aqui pra confundir, nao pra explicar!" ("I came here to make you confused, not to explain!") and "Quem nao se comunica, se trumbica!" ("Whoever doesn't communicate, gets in trouble!").
In an interview, Chacrinha explained that the non-sense expression "Teresinha!" came from one of his sponsors, a bleach product called Clarinha. He would advertise them and by the end he would say "Clarinha, Clarinha.". He said that the public liked how that sounded somehow, and when the sponsorship was over, he decided he needed something to substitute. That's when Teresinha came up.
The judges would help him maintain the fake party climate. Another element for the success of his shows were the Chacretes, professional dancers that would make choreographs to the music and cheer up the show.
Annually, Chacrinha would release at his show a new Carnival hit. Known as Velho Guerreiro (Old Warrior), in 1987, the Samba School Imperio Serrano made him a homage. That was the only time he participated in a carnival parade. In 1987, he receive the title of Doctor Honoris Causa. In his seventh anniversary, the then Brazil's president Jose Sarney hosted a dinner in his homage.
In 1988, already sick, he was substituted in some of his shows by Paulo Silvino. He would return in June of the same year. He died in June 30, 1988, at 11:30 pm, from a heart attack and respiratory insufficiency. His last show was streamed in July 2, 1988.
When cod was not selling well in a store called Casas da Banha, his sponsor in TV Tupi, he decided he would try to revert the situation. During the show, he would turn to the public and ask "Do you want codfish?!" and then would throw a codfish to the auditorium, where the public would fight for the product. The sales exploded. He explained "Brazilians like to receive gifts".
In the lyrics of his 1969 hit song, "Aquele Abraço," the Brazilian MPB singer-songwriter Gilberto Gil included an homage to Chacrinha, writing "Chacrinha keeps on swinging his belly and honking his horn at the girls...Hello, hello, Mr. Chacrinha, old warrior."
On October 30, 2009, a documentary film about Chacrinha was released in Brazil. The film, directed by Brazilian filmmaker Nélson Hoineff, was titled Alô Alô Terezinha (a nonsense expression constantly cited by Chacrinha in his TV shows). 
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