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SPECTACULAR WATERFALLS & LIVING ROOT BRIDGES IN CHERRAPUNJI, MEGHALAYA, INDIA
SPECTACULAR WATERFALLS & LIVING ROOT BRIDGES IN CHERRAPUNJI, MEGHALAYA, INDIA
Published: 2016/06/10
Channel: Eoghan Daly
Cherrapunji - Wettest place on earth.
Cherrapunji - Wettest place on earth.
Published: 2012/10/23
Channel: tripbookingonline.com
Cherrapunji - Rain falls almost every day of the year here, Meghalaya
Cherrapunji - Rain falls almost every day of the year here, Meghalaya
Published: 2013/04/16
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Trip to North East India with YouTubers! | Sejal Kumar
Trip to North East India with YouTubers! | Sejal Kumar
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Sejal Kumar
Cherrapunji tour
Cherrapunji tour
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Olympica
Monsoon hits Cherrapunji, second wettest place on planet
Monsoon hits Cherrapunji, second wettest place on planet
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: ABP NEWS
world most beautiful place Cherrapunji
world most beautiful place Cherrapunji
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: Shaikh Salman
SHILLONG - A ROAD TRIP OF HEAVEN ON EARTH (SHILLONG AND CHERRAPUNJI) || INDIAN TOURISM
SHILLONG - A ROAD TRIP OF HEAVEN ON EARTH (SHILLONG AND CHERRAPUNJI) || INDIAN TOURISM
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: Indian Tourism
Heavy downpour of rain in Cherrapunji : fire engine and bus race on water-logged roads
Heavy downpour of rain in Cherrapunji : fire engine and bus race on water-logged roads
Published: 2013/04/17
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Cherrapunji (India): vivir bajo la lluvia
Cherrapunji (India): vivir bajo la lluvia
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: AGENCIA EFE
beauty of cherrapunji, Tour to Shillong, meghalaya Driving Through Clouds Road HD
beauty of cherrapunji, Tour to Shillong, meghalaya Driving Through Clouds Road HD
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: Rakhal Hasan
CHERRAPUNJI – RAIN, RAIN EVERYWHERE BUT NOT A DROP TO DRINK
CHERRAPUNJI – RAIN, RAIN EVERYWHERE BUT NOT A DROP TO DRINK
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: PSBT India
Cherrapunji Cloud Race
Cherrapunji Cloud Race
Published: 2016/05/12
Channel: Amit Chakrabarty
The wettest place on earth - Mawsynram, India
The wettest place on earth - Mawsynram, India
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: Happy Traveler
Lumshynna Cave, Cherrapunji
Lumshynna Cave, Cherrapunji
Published: 2015/10/21
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Trip to Meghalaya  | Abode of Clouds | Shillong,Cherrapunji
Trip to Meghalaya | Abode of Clouds | Shillong,Cherrapunji
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: Offbeat Human
Cherrapunji नहीं, भारत के इस गांव में होती है सबसे ज्यादा बारिश, Heavy Rainfall
Cherrapunji नहीं, भारत के इस गांव में होती है सबसे ज्यादा बारिश, Heavy Rainfall
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: News Mirror
Idyllic life in Cherrapunji
Idyllic life in Cherrapunji
Published: 2013/04/17
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
10 Beautiful Places in Shillong & Cherrapunji (India) HD - শিলং ও চেরাপুঞ্জি
10 Beautiful Places in Shillong & Cherrapunji (India) HD - শিলং ও চেরাপুঞ্জি'র ১০টি সুন্দর স্থান
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: Rakhal Hasan
Cherrapunji Most Beautiful place on The earth Video. HD
Cherrapunji Most Beautiful place on The earth Video. HD
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: Rakhal Hasan
Cherrapunji Market with fresh fruit and LOTS of rain and umbrellas!
Cherrapunji Market with fresh fruit and LOTS of rain and umbrellas!
Published: 2013/04/17
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Local market of Cherrapunji
Local market of Cherrapunji
Published: 2013/04/22
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Rain water flows like a river on Cherrapunji roads
Rain water flows like a river on Cherrapunji roads
Published: 2013/04/18
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Sohra market in Cherrapunji
Sohra market in Cherrapunji
Published: 2015/10/17
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Cherrapunji - fog abounds around Dainthlen Falls
Cherrapunji - fog abounds around Dainthlen Falls
Published: 2013/04/17
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Cherrapunji - Where Clouds Romance
Cherrapunji - Where Clouds Romance
Published: 2014/07/08
Channel: Ajaenga Pamei
Riding in Clouds in Cherrapunji IBW 2017 - Drone Shots. Part 1.
Riding in Clouds in Cherrapunji IBW 2017 - Drone Shots. Part 1.
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Vikas Rachamalla
Its business as usual in Cherrapunji even under the rain!
Its business as usual in Cherrapunji even under the rain!
Published: 2013/04/16
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
The incredible 7 sisters falls Cherrapunji Meghalaya
The incredible 7 sisters falls Cherrapunji Meghalaya
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: Vin M. Kumar
Cherrapunji - maximum amount of rainfall in a single year
Cherrapunji - maximum amount of rainfall in a single year
Published: 2014/09/07
Channel: Mamu Borah
Zip lining at Cherrapunji ("_")
Zip lining at Cherrapunji ("_")
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: hari hk
Why did women seers tolerate injustice? Cherrapunji - Sohra - Meghalaya ऋषिकाओं_ने_क्यों_सहा_अन्याय?
Why did women seers tolerate injustice? Cherrapunji - Sohra - Meghalaya ऋषिकाओं_ने_क्यों_सहा_अन्याय?
Published: 2017/10/15
Channel: Kaulantak Peeth
India Bike Week - IBW Cherrapunji Ride 2017. Drone Shots - Part 2.
India Bike Week - IBW Cherrapunji Ride 2017. Drone Shots - Part 2.
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: Vikas Rachamalla
Living Root bridges of Cherrapunji, India HD 2014 HD
Living Root bridges of Cherrapunji, India HD 2014 HD
Published: 2014/06/22
Channel: V-Talk
CHERRAPUNJI WATER FALLS / MEGHALAY ,INDIA.
CHERRAPUNJI WATER FALLS / MEGHALAY ,INDIA.
Published: 2013/07/26
Channel: nalandatv
When it rains, it pours in Cherrapunji
When it rains, it pours in Cherrapunji
Published: 2013/04/18
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
MY FIRST VLOG |SDMXPOLOTOWERS |Travelling to Cherrapunji.
MY FIRST VLOG |SDMXPOLOTOWERS |Travelling to Cherrapunji.
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: anmol bhatia
Cherrapunji - Picturesque mesmerizing little rainy town of Meghalaya
Cherrapunji - Picturesque mesmerizing little rainy town of Meghalaya
Published: 2013/04/16
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
CHERRAPUNJI IN A MINUTE!
CHERRAPUNJI IN A MINUTE!
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: Himanshu Sehgal
MEGHALAYA RIDE 2017 | Dawki Ride | Cherrapunji | Shilliong  | Dhubri | Riding Maniac
MEGHALAYA RIDE 2017 | Dawki Ride | Cherrapunji | Shilliong | Dhubri | Riding Maniac
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Riding Maniac
Rain rain all day in Cherrapunji
Rain rain all day in Cherrapunji
Published: 2013/04/17
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
View of Cherrapunji town perched high on top of a ridge, Meghalaya
View of Cherrapunji town perched high on top of a ridge, Meghalaya
Published: 2013/04/16
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Cherrapunji | Vlog #Part-1
Cherrapunji | Vlog #Part-1
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: RIDE LIFE VLOGS - RDL VLOGS
Cherrapunji Mawsmai Cave - চেরাপুঞ্জী মজমাই পাহাড়ে ভয়ঙ্কর গুহা।
Cherrapunji Mawsmai Cave - চেরাপুঞ্জী মজমাই পাহাড়ে ভয়ঙ্কর গুহা।
Published: 2016/05/01
Channel: Rakhal Hasan
Visitors inside Lumshynna Cave in Cherrapunji
Visitors inside Lumshynna Cave in Cherrapunji
Published: 2015/10/21
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Ride Dhekiajuli to cherrapunji
Ride Dhekiajuli to cherrapunji
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Rohit Ghose
KTM DUKE 390 - The roads of Cherrapunji 1
KTM DUKE 390 - The roads of Cherrapunji 1
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: Swapneel Shetty
School kids in Cherrapunji carry their quintessential umbrellas
School kids in Cherrapunji carry their quintessential umbrellas
Published: 2013/04/17
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Hill top houses in Cherrapunji, Meghalaya
Hill top houses in Cherrapunji, Meghalaya
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Bangladesh Border with Cherrapunji India
Bangladesh Border with Cherrapunji India
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Beautiful Bangladesh
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Sohra
Sohra
Cherrapunji
Town
Sohra has held the record for highest rainfall multiple times in the past
Sohra has held the record for highest rainfall multiple times in the past
Sohra is located in Meghalaya
Sohra
Sohra
Sohra is located in India
Sohra
Sohra
Location in Meghalaya, India
Coordinates: 25°18′N 91°42′E / 25.3°N 91.7°E / 25.3; 91.7Coordinates: 25°18′N 91°42′E / 25.3°N 91.7°E / 25.3; 91.7
Country  India
State Meghalaya
District East Khasi Hills
Elevation 1,484 m (4,869 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 14,816
 • Density 397/km2 (1,030/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Khasi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 03637
Precipitation 11,777 millimetres (463.7 in)
Climate Cwb
Website http://cherrapunjee.gov.in/

Cherrapunji (/ɛrəˈpʌni, ɛrəˈpʊni/, About this sound second pronunciation , with the historic name Sohra being more commonly used, and can also be spelled Cherrapunjee or Cherrapunji) is a subdivisional town in the East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. It is the traditional capital of aNongkhlaw hima (Khasi tribal chieftainship constituting a petty state), both known as Sohra or Churra.

Cherrapunji has oft been credited as being the wettest place on Earth, but for now nearby Mawsynram currently holds that distinction. Cherrapunji still holds the all-time record for the most rainfall in a calendar month and in a year, however: it received 9,300 millimetres (370 in; 30.5 ft) in July 1861 and 26,461 millimetres (1,041.8 in; 86.814 ft) between 1 August 1860 and 31 July 1861.[1]

History[edit]

The original name for this town was Sohra (soh-ra), which was pronounced "Churra" by the British. This name eventually evolved into the current name, Cherrapunji, meaning 'land of oranges', which was first used by tourists from other parts of India.

1947-Khasi states.png

Despite abundant rainfall, Cherrapunji faces an acute water shortage and the inhabitants often have to trek very long distances to obtain potable water.[2] Irrigation is also hampered due to excessive rain washing away the topsoil as a result of human encroachment into the forests. The Meghalaya state government has renamed Cherrapunji back to its original name, "Sohra". There is a monument to David Scott (British Administrator in NE India, 1802–31) in the Cherrapunji cemetery.

The history of the Khasi people – native inhabitants of Cherrapunji – may be traced from the early part of the 16th century. Between the 16th and 18th centuries, these people were ruled by their tribal 'Syiems (Rajas or Chiefs) of Khyriem' in the Khasi Hills. The Khasis hills came under British authority in 1883 with the submission of the last of the important Syiems, Tirot Sing.

The main pivot on which the entire superstructure of Khasi society rests is the matrilineal system.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Cherrapunji, India
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
11
 
 
16
7
 
 
46
 
 
17
9
 
 
240
 
 
21
13
 
 
938
 
 
22
15
 
 
1214
 
 
22
16
 
 
2294
 
 
23
18
 
 
3272
 
 
22
18
 
 
1760
 
 
23
18
 
 
1352
 
 
23
18
 
 
549
 
 
23
16
 
 
72
 
 
20
12
 
 
29
 
 
17
8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: NOAA

Cherrapunji is located at 25°18′N 91°42′E / 25.30°N 91.70°E / 25.30; 91.70. It has an average elevation of 1,484 metres (4,869 ft) and sits on a plateau in the southern part of the Khasi Hills, facing the plains of Bangladesh. The plateau rises 600 meters above the surrounding valleys.

Soils on the plateau are poor owing to deforestation and washout caused by heavy rainfall. Owing to winter droughts, the vegetation in this location is even xerophytic in spite of the fame of Cherrapunji as an extremely wet place. Additional pressure on local ecosystems is created by the rapid increase of the population — from a Sohra-area population of 7,000 in 1960, it grew to over 100,000 by 2000.[3]

Valleys around Cherrapunji, however, are covered with lush and very diverse vegetation, containing numerous endemic species of plants, including Meghalaya subtropical forests. Although there is heavy rainfall in Cherrapunji, there is a high scarcity of clean water.

There are some interesting living root briges in Cherrapunjee like the Umshiang root bridge, Mawsaw root bridge, Ritymmen root bridge etc.

The Shillong Plateau is an uplifted horst-like feature, bounded by the E-W Main Boundary Thrust (MBT) to the North, the N-S Jamuna fault in the west, and the NW-SE kopilli fracture zone in the east.

Climate[edit]

View of Bangladesh plains from Cherrapunji

Sohra or Cherrapunji has a mild subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), with monsoonal influences typical of India. The city's yearly rainfall average stands at 11,777 millimetres (463.7 in).[4] This figure places it behind only nearby Mawsynram, Meghalaya, whose average is 11,873 millimetres (467.4 in). Cherrapunji receives both the southwest and northeast monsoonal winds, giving it a single monsoon season. It lies on the windward side of the Khasi Hills, so the resulting orographic lift enhances precipitation. In the winter months it receives the northeast monsoon showers that travel down the Brahmaputra valley. The driest months are November, December, January and February.

Temperatures average 11.5 °C (52.7 °F) in January and 20.6 °C (69.1 °F) in August, and the annual mean is 17.3 °C (63.1 °F)

Cherrapunji holds two Guinness world records for receiving the maximum amount of rainfall in a single year: 26,471 millimetres (1,042.2 in) of rainfall between August 1860 and July 1861 and for receiving the maximum amount of rainfall in a single month: 9,300 millimetres (370 in) in July 1861.[5]

Climate data for Cherrapunji (1971–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.7
(80.1)
28.9
(84)
30.6
(87.1)
28.3
(82.9)
30.2
(86.4)
29.2
(84.6)
28.6
(83.5)
29.5
(85.1)
31.1
(88)
29.9
(85.8)
27.2
(81)
24.5
(76.1)
31.1
(88)
Average high °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
17.3
(63.1)
20.5
(68.9)
21.7
(71.1)
22.4
(72.3)
22.7
(72.9)
22.0
(71.6)
22.9
(73.2)
22.7
(72.9)
22.7
(72.9)
20.4
(68.7)
17.0
(62.6)
20.7
(69.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
13.1
(55.6)
16.5
(61.7)
18.1
(64.6)
19.3
(66.7)
20.3
(68.5)
20.1
(68.2)
20.6
(69.1)
20.2
(68.4)
19.3
(66.7)
16.4
(61.5)
12.7
(54.9)
17.3
(63.1)
Average low °C (°F) 7.2
(45)
8.9
(48)
12.5
(54.5)
14.5
(58.1)
16.1
(61)
17.9
(64.2)
18.1
(64.6)
18.2
(64.8)
17.5
(63.5)
15.8
(60.4)
12.3
(54.1)
8.3
(46.9)
13.9
(57)
Record low °C (°F) −1.0
(30.2)
0.3
(32.5)
0.6
(33.1)
3.9
(39)
3.3
(37.9)
9.2
(48.6)
10.0
(50)
6.0
(42.8)
12.4
(54.3)
7.8
(46)
3.7
(38.7)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11
(0.43)
46
(1.81)
240
(9.45)
938
(36.93)
1,214
(47.8)
2,294
(90.31)
3,272
(128.82)
1,760
(69.29)
1,352
(53.23)
549
(21.61)
72
(2.83)
29
(1.14)
11,777
(463.65)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.5 3.4 8.6 19.4 22.1 25.0 29.0 26.0 21.4 9.8 2.8 1.4 170.4
Average relative humidity (%) 70 69 70 82 86 92 95 92 90 81 73 72 81
Source #1: NOAA[6]
Source #2: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[7]

Causes of high rainfall[edit]

Nohkalikai falls
Seven Sisters' falls

Cherrapunji receives rains from the Bay of Bengal arm of the Indian summer monsoon. The monsoon clouds fly unhindered over the plains of Bangladesh for about 400 km. Thereafter, they hit the Khasi Hills which rise abruptly from the plains to a height of about 1,370 m above mean sea level within 2 to 5 km. The geography of the hills with many deep valleys channels encompassing the low-flying (150–300 m) moisture-laden clouds from a wide area converges over Cherrapunji. The winds push the rain clouds through these gorges and up the steep slopes. The rapid ascent of the clouds into the upper atmosphere hastens the cooling and helps vapours to condense. Most of Cherrapunji's rain is the result of air being lifted as a large body of water vapour. The extreme amount of rainfall at Cherrapunji is perhaps the best-known feature of orographic rain in northeast India.

Occasionally, cloudbursts can occur in one part of Cherrapunji while other areas may be totally or relatively dry, reflecting the high spatial variability of the rainfall. Atmospheric humidity is extremely high during the peak monsoon period.

The major part of the rainfall at Cherrapunji can be attributed to the orographic features. When the clouds are blown over the hills from the south, they are funneled through the valley. The clouds strike Cherrapunjee perpendicularly and the low flying clouds are pushed up the steep slopes. It is not surprising to find that the heaviest rainfalls occur when the winds blow directly on the Khasi Hills.

A notable feature of monsoon rain at Cherrapunji is that most of it falls in the morning. This could be partly due to two air masses coming together. During the monsoon months, the prevailing winds along the Brahmaputra valley generally blow from the east or the northeast, but the winds over Meghalaya are from the south. These two winds systems usually come together in the vicinity of the Khasi Hills. Apparently, the winds that are trapped in the valley at night begin their upward ascent only after they are warmed during the day. This partially explains the frequency of morning rainfall. Apart from orographic features, atmospheric convection plays an important role during the monsoon and the period just preceding it.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[8] Cherrapunji had a population of males 48.75% of the total population and females 51.25%. Cherrapunji has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 74% and female liters under 6 years of age.

Culture[edit]

Khasi children (1944)

The locals living in and around Cherrapunji are known as Khasis. It is a matrilineal culture. After the wedding, the husband of the youngest daughter goes to live with his wife's family, who own the property of the family, while others live on their own getting a bit of the share. The children take on the surname of the mother.[9]

Cherrapunji is also famous for its living bridges. Over hundreds of years the people in Cherrapunji have developed techniques for growing roots of trees into large bridges. The process takes 10–15 years and the bridges typically last hundreds of years, the oldest ones in use being over 500 years old.[10]

Education[edit]

Sohra Government College is the only general degree college in Cherrapunji

Media[edit]

Cherrapunji has an All India Radio Rely station known as Akashvani Cherrapunji. It broadcasts on FM frequencies.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Most annual rainfall". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  2. ^ Bhaumik, Subir (2003-04-28). "World's wettest area dries up" (stm). South Asia News. Calcutta. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  3. ^ "Cherrapunji (Sohra)". Wondermondo. 2010-08-28. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  4. ^ "Average Conditions Cherrapunji, India". Climate Charts. Retrieved March 2010.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  5. ^ Guinness World Records 2005; pg-51 ISBN 0-85112-192-6
  6. ^ "Cherrapunji Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  9. ^ Cherrapunjee Vacation Resort website
  10. ^ Bridge to Nature: Amazing Indian Living Root Bridges

Sources and external links[edit]

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