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Here's Why the Chevy Bolt is the Uncool Electric Car
Published: 2017/08/31
Channel: Doug DeMuro
2017 Chevrolet Bolt - Review and Road Test
2017 Chevrolet Bolt - Review and Road Test
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Kelley Blue Book
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV Review - What
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV Review - What's it Like Living with it?
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Everyday Reviews
2017 Chevrolet Bolt Quick Drive | Consumer Reports
2017 Chevrolet Bolt Quick Drive | Consumer Reports
Published: 2016/10/28
Channel: Consumer Reports
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV: Regular Car Reviews
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV: Regular Car Reviews
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: RegularCars
Tested: Driving the Chevy Bolt Electric Vehicle!
Tested: Driving the Chevy Bolt Electric Vehicle!
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Tested
Quick Drive: 2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV
Quick Drive: 2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: Matt Maran Motoring
Primeiro contato: Chevrolet Bolt
Primeiro contato: Chevrolet Bolt
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: iCarros
What It
What It's Like To Drive The $29,995 Chevy Bolt EV!
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: Vehicle Virgins
Chevy Bolt 324 miles in a single charge! Future Tesla owners should see this video!
Chevy Bolt 324 miles in a single charge! Future Tesla owners should see this video!
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: David Allen
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV Car Review
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV Car Review
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: Driven Car Reviews
24 Hrs. With A Chevy Bolt: In-Depth Look By A Tesla Owner
24 Hrs. With A Chevy Bolt: In-Depth Look By A Tesla Owner
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Alex Venz
I Can
I Can't Believe I'm Driving a Chevy Bolt!
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: E for Electric
Chevrolet Bolt EV - El auto eléctrico para el pueblo... ¡De Dubai! - Review
Chevrolet Bolt EV - El auto eléctrico para el pueblo... ¡De Dubai! - Review
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: AutoDinámico
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV Review
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV Review
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Cars.com
Impromptu Hangout: Chevrolet Bolt at 3,000 Miles
Impromptu Hangout: Chevrolet Bolt at 3,000 Miles
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: Transport Evolved
2017 Chevy Bolt Review: The First Affordable Long-Range EV Sold in all 50 States
2017 Chevy Bolt Review: The First Affordable Long-Range EV Sold in all 50 States
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: The Fast Lane Car
Primeiro Chevrolet Bolt do Brasil - Direct Imports
Primeiro Chevrolet Bolt do Brasil - Direct Imports
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: Direct Imports
2017 Chevy Bolt EV Hands On Review
2017 Chevy Bolt EV Hands On Review
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: MakeUseOf
2017 Chevrolet Bolt: Acceleration and Interior | Edmunds First Impression
2017 Chevrolet Bolt: Acceleration and Interior | Edmunds First Impression
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: Edmunds
Chevrolet Bolt EV Battery Issue: What You Need To Know
Chevrolet Bolt EV Battery Issue: What You Need To Know
Published: 2017/08/29
Channel: Transport Evolved
Driving to work in a Chevy Bolt - First Drive
Driving to work in a Chevy Bolt - First Drive
Published: 2017/09/30
Channel: Ben D
Chevy Bolt Electric: Top 5 Things You Didn
Chevy Bolt Electric: Top 5 Things You Didn't Know!
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: TFLnow
Past vs Future: 2017 Chevy Bolt vs VW GTI Drag Race
Past vs Future: 2017 Chevy Bolt vs VW GTI Drag Race
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: The Fast Lane Car
2017 Chevrolet Bolt Review--BETTER THAN ADVERTISED
2017 Chevrolet Bolt Review--BETTER THAN ADVERTISED
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: Motormouth Canada
2017 Chevrolet Bolt Premier EV Test Drive Video Review
2017 Chevrolet Bolt Premier EV Test Drive Video Review
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Autobytel
VLOG: 2017 Chevy Bolt EV - 1 Month of Ownership
VLOG: 2017 Chevy Bolt EV - 1 Month of Ownership
Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: InCharge DIY
Road Test: 2017 Chevrolet Bolt - EVery Day
Road Test: 2017 Chevrolet Bolt - EVery Day
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: MotorWeek
Why Buy? | 2017 Chevy Bolt EV Premier Review
Why Buy? | 2017 Chevy Bolt EV Premier Review
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: MOTOR1
Chevrolet Bolt 2017 год. ОБЗОР. Тест-драйв. Шевроше Болт# .
Chevrolet Bolt 2017 год. ОБЗОР. Тест-драйв. Шевроше Болт# .
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: ЭЛЕКТРОМОБИЛЬ - ДОСТАВКА из США
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV - POV Test Drive & Review
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV - POV Test Drive & Review
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Winding Road Magazine
Bringing Home the 2017 Chevy Bolt EV *** FINALLY! ***
Bringing Home the 2017 Chevy Bolt EV *** FINALLY! ***
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: RayHsuVlogs
Chevy Bolt range test on California
Chevy Bolt range test on California's Highway One
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Roadshow
Chevy Bolt EV Review: Electric Excellence
Chevy Bolt EV Review: Electric Excellence
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: MrMobile [Michael Fisher]
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV - Road Trip!
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV - Road Trip!
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Chris Farrer
Chevrolet Bolt EV full review
Chevrolet Bolt EV full review
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: SlashGear
Chevy Bolt EV 20,000 Mile Update and Baker, CA EVgo Progress
Chevy Bolt EV 20,000 Mile Update and Baker, CA EVgo Progress
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: News Coulomb
2017 Chevy Bolt Review – HybridCars.com Review
2017 Chevy Bolt Review – HybridCars.com Review
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: HybridCars.com
Electric Car Range Face-Off: Chevy Bolt vs. Tesla Model S 75D | Consumer Reports
Electric Car Range Face-Off: Chevy Bolt vs. Tesla Model S 75D | Consumer Reports
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: Consumer Reports
EV Ramblings - 2017 Chevrolet Bolt Driving Reaction and Review
EV Ramblings - 2017 Chevrolet Bolt Driving Reaction and Review
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: Dustin Batchelor
Chevrolet Bolt EV 2018. La mejor alternativa a un Tesla.
Chevrolet Bolt EV 2018. La mejor alternativa a un Tesla.
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Sergio Oliveira
TN Autos Programa 146 | Test Drive Chevrolet Bolt EV
TN Autos Programa 146 | Test Drive Chevrolet Bolt EV
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: La Mirona
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV First Drive Review
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV First Drive Review
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Transport Evolved
Chevrolet Bolt Análise (Primeira unidade do Brasil) - Direct Imports
Chevrolet Bolt Análise (Primeira unidade do Brasil) - Direct Imports
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: Direct Imports
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV | CarGurus Test Drive Review
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV | CarGurus Test Drive Review
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: CarGurus
Going Under the Hood of the Chevy Bolt
Going Under the Hood of the Chevy Bolt
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Bloomberg Technology
2017 Chevy Bolt - What new ev drivers need to know
2017 Chevy Bolt - What new ev drivers need to know
Published: 2017/09/28
Channel: zaptschaft
Chevy Bolt EV 2017 Secrets "Never pay to Charge again"
Chevy Bolt EV 2017 Secrets "Never pay to Charge again"
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Eric White
Driving Chevy Bolt EV 470 km/292 mi on a single charge
Driving Chevy Bolt EV 470 km/292 mi on a single charge
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: Bjørn Nyland
Chevy Bolt - A Lot Better than Expected
Chevy Bolt - A Lot Better than Expected
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: James Cooke
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Chevrolet Bolt EV
Chevrolet Bolt EV SAO 2016 8771.jpg
2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV
Overview
Manufacturer General Motors
Also called Opel Ampera-e (Europe)
Production October 2016 – present
Model years 2017–present
Assembly Battery/drivetrain, HVAC and Instrument/Infotainment systems at LG, Incheon, South Korea, with Final assembly GM Orion Assembly Detroit, Michigan
Designer Stuart Norris
Body and chassis
Class Subcompact
Body style 5-door Hatchback
Layout Electric Drive Unit, front-wheel drive
Platform BEV II
Powertrain
Electric motor 150 kW (200 hp) permanent magnet motor/generator, torque 266 lb.ft./360 Nm
Hybrid drivetrain Electronic Precision Shift, final drive ratio 7.05:1
Battery 60.0 kWh lithium-ion, 288 cells, 96s3p
Electric range 238 mi (383 km) (EPA)[1]
320 mi (520 km) (NEDC)[2]
240 mi (380 km) (WLTP.)[2]
Plug-in charging 120 V, 240 V AC, SAE Combo DC Fast Charge
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,600 mm (102.4 in)
Length 4,170 mm (164.0 in)
Width 1,770 mm (69.5 in)
Height 1,600 mm (62.8 in)
Curb weight 1,624 kg (3,580 lb)

The Chevrolet Bolt or Chevrolet Bolt EV is a front-engine, five-door all-electric subcompact hatchback marketed by Chevrolet; developed and manufactured in partnership with LG Corporation.[3] A rebadged European variant is sold as the Opel Ampera-e.

The Bolt has an EPA all-electric range of 238 mi (383 km), and EPA fuel economy rating of 119 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (mpg-e) (2.0 L/100 km) for combined city/highway driving,[1] The European Ampera-e, has a certified range of 320 mi (520 km) under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) and 240 mi (380 km) under the more strict Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP).[2]

Production for the model year 2017 began in November 2016.[4][5] The European version began production in February 2017.[6][7] U.S. sales began in California in December 2016, with nationwide US and Canadian release in 2017.[8][9]

At its introduction, the Bolt was named the 2017 Motor Trend Car of the Year, the 2017 North American Car of the Year,[10] and an Automobile Magazine 2017 All Star — and was listed in Time Magazine Best 25 Inventions of 2016.[11]

History[edit]

Development[edit]

GM Korea began developing the Bolt in 2012 with a team of 180 people,[12] and with its initial concept debuting at the 2015 North American International Auto Show.[13]

Chevrolet Bolt EV concept at the 2015 North American International Auto Show

As of June 2015, General Motors had tested more than 50 Bolt prototypes hand-built at the General Motors Proving Grounds in Milford, Michigan. The cars were tested at the proving grounds and overseas locations for ride and handling dynamics, cabin comfort, quietness, charging capability, and energy efficiency.[14]

Alan Batey, head of General Motors North America, announced in February 2015 that the Bolt EV was headed for production, and would be available in all 50 states.[15] GM also has plans to sell the Bolt in select global markets.[16]

In January 2016, at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, the production version of the Chevrolet Bolt was unveiled. At the show, during GM CEO Mary Barra's keynote, Chevrolet confirmed an estimated range of 200 mi (320 km) or more, around US$30,000 price after government incentives, and stated it would be available in late 2016.[17] Barra projected in February 2016 that the European version, marketed as the Opel Ampera-e, would enter production in 2017.[6]

In March 2016, GM released photos and a short pre-production video of the Bolt at the company's Orion Assembly plant outside Detroit, testing manufacturing and tooling.[18]

Profitability[edit]

An unnamed source cited by Bloomberg News estimates that General Motors is expected to take a loss of between US$8,000 and US$9,000 per Bolt sold. A GM spokesman first declined to comment on the expected profitability.[19] Opel refuted that in December 2016 and states that GM has battery cell costs of $130/kWh, and industry is not yet optimized for mass production.[20]

Production[edit]

Lateral view of the Bolt EV

Final assembly takes place at GM's Orion Assembly plant in Orion Township, Michigan,[21] which received a US$160 million upgrade for Bolt production.[16] Manufacture of the battery, motor, and drive unit started in August 2016 at LG, Incheon, South Korea.[22]

The car is designed for flexible production by having some of the battery in the same position as the fuel tank in internal combustion engine-powered cars, and is made on the same assembly line as the Chevrolet Sonic[23][24] at a combined rate of 90,000 per year.[25]

Analysts expected Bolt production at 22,000 per year, and Ampera-E at a few thousand.[26] Production may increase to 30,000 to 50,000 per year according to demand.[27] Initial regular production had begun by early November 2016[5] at a rate of 9 per hour, gradually increasing to 30/hour.[28] Retail deliveries began in California in December 2016.[8][needs update]

Regular production was expected to begin in October 2016 at 25,000-30,000 the first year.[29][30]

Design[edit]

Frontal view of the Chevrolet Bolt EV

The Bolt was designed from 2012 by a team of 180 people in GM's Korea[12] studio (formerly Daewoo Korea), as B-segment size[31] on its own platform, and does not share elements with the GM Gamma platform cars Chevrolet Sonic/Spark/Opel Corsa.[32][33]

The EPA classifies the Bolt as "small station wagon", with less than 130 cu ft of interior volume.[1][34] GM refers to the Bolt as a crossover.[35] The passenger volume is 94 cu ft (2,700 L), and cargo space is 17 cu ft (480 L)[36] (381 liter).[37]

The Bolt's doors, tailgate, and hood are aluminum.[31] The driver can adjust the level of regenerative braking as the accelerator pedal is lifted.[38] GM plans for "Over-the-air software updates" during 2017.[39] The front seats are asymmetrical to maximize cabin volume while accommodating airbags.[40]

Specifications[edit]

Battery[edit]

The Bolt's battery uses "nickel-rich lithium-ion" chemistry, allowing the cells to run at higher temperatures than those in GM's previous electric vehicles, allowing a simpler[citation needed] and cheaper[citation needed] liquid cooling system for the 60 kWh (220 MJ) battery pack. The battery pack is a stressed member and weighs 960 lb (440 kg).[41] It accounts for 23% of the car's value,[36] and is composed of 288 flat "landscape" format cells (similar in shape to cells used in other GM products, but contrasting the cylindrical 18650 and 21-70 cells used by Tesla). Cells are bundled into groups of three connected in parallel, and 96 groups connected in series compose the pack.[42] The Ampera-e battery is rated at 160 kW power to avoid limiting the 150 kW/340 Nm motor. The 50 kW SAE Combo DC fast charging that can add 90 mi (140 km) of range in 30 minutes or fill the battery to 80% capacity in an hour, whereas the onboard AC charger is 7.2 kW.[37] The Bolt user manual suggests an 80% charge to ensure consistent 50 kW charging.[24][43] GM offers a battery warranty of 8 years / 100,000 miles (160,000 km), and has no plans for other battery sizes. [20]

Production version of the Chevy Bolt at the 2016 North American International Auto Show.

In October 2015, General Motors said they will purchase the Bolt's battery cells at a price of $145 per kilowatt hour from LG Chem, representing a minimum of $8,700 in revenue per car.[44] The cost is reportedly about $100 cheaper per kWh than the price LG was giving other customers at the time.[45][46] GM estimated a cell price of $130/kWh in December 2016.[20]

While initially expected to share its lithium-ion battery technology with the second generation Chevrolet Volt,[15][47] the production version of the Bolt uses batteries with a different chemistry more suited to the different charge cycles of a long-range electric vehicle, compared to the more frequent charging/discharging of hybrids and short-range EVs.[48]

Drivetrain and body[edit]

Other specifications include a 200 hp (150 kW) and 266 lb·ft (361 N·m) electric motor, acceleration from 0–30 mph (0–48 km/h) in 2.9 seconds and 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) in less than 7 seconds, and a top speed of 91 mph (146 km/h). The motor drive unit includes GM's new Electronic Precision Shift, which replaces the standard hydraulic shifter with an electronic controller. The single-speed transmission has a final drive ratio of 7.05:1.[49][50][better source needed][51] It was initially reported to have a drag coefficient of Cd=0.32[31] but GM says the final production vehicle has Cd=0.308.[52] With regards to shape of the car, the lead designer of the Bolt said in an interview that the Bolt is "a disaster for aero."[40][53][54]

Range and efficiency[edit]

Under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) five-cycle test methodology, the Bolt fuel economy is rated at 119 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (mpg-e) (2.0 L/100 km) for combined driving, 128 mpg-e (1.8 L/100 km) in city and 110 mpg-e (2.1 L/100 km) in highway.[1] Charging time is rated at 9.3 hours on a Level 2 fast charger.[55]

Comparison of EPA-rated range for electric cars rated up until July 2017 and priced under US$50,000 in the U.S. Only model year 2016 and 2017 cars are included.[56][57]

The Bolt EV has a combined EPA-rated range of 238 mi (383 km).[1] For city driving, the EPA rated the Bolt range at 255 mi (410 km), and due to its relative high drag coefficient, its range for highway driving is 217 mi (349 km).[58] One Bolt owner was able to drive from McHenry, Maryland in the western part of the state to Ocean City, Maryland, a distance of 313 mi (504 km), on a single charge.[59]

The Ampera-e has a certified range of 320 mi (520 km) under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) test cycle with a full battery, and achieved a range of 240 mi (380 km) under the more strict Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP).[2] Opel expected the Ampera-e to achieve a NEDC range of about 500 km (310 mi).[60]

Until July 2017, the Bolt is the only plug-in electric car with a manufacturer's suggested retail price (MSRP) of less than US$50,000 capable of delivering an EPA-rated range of over 200 mi (320 km).[57] All other electric cars below that price threshold and available for retail sales, except the Tesla Model 3, can only go 60 to 125 mi (97 to 201 km) on a single charge.[55][57] The Bolt also surpasses the range of Tesla's entry-level Model S 60 sedan, which has an EPA-rated range of 210 mi (340 km).[61] Among all-electric series production cars sold in the U.S., in addition to the Model 3, only the Tesla Model S sedan and Model X crossover can go more than 200 mi (320 km).[55]

The Renault Zoe with the optional 41 kWh battery has a range of up 400 km (250 mi) under the NEDC cycle, but Renault clarified the upgraded battery delivers a real-world range of 300 km (190 mi) in urban or suburban areas.[62][63]

Test drives[edit]

The production version of the Opel Ampera-e debuted at the 2016 Paris Motor Show.

The EPA-rated range of 238 mi (383 km) was confirmed by automotive reporters driving a preproduction Bolt with a 60-kWh battery. Driven under different driving modes with the air conditioning on, the trip between Monterey and Santa Barbara was completed with an energy consumption of 50.1 kWh, representing an average efficiency of 4.8 miles per kWh (12,9 kW/100 km). A total of 237.8 mi (382.7 km) were driven, with the Bolt's display showing 34 mi (55 km) of range remaining.[64] Several other journalists conducted a preproduction Bolt test drive on the same route, and all reported similar results regarding the Bolt EPA-estimated range.[61][65][66][67][68]

As part of its debut at the 2016 Paris Motor Show, Opel reported driving an Ampera-e without recharging from Piccadilly Circus in London to Porte de Versailles in Paris, the venue of the exhibition. The rebadged Bolt traveled 417 km (259 mi) with 80 km (50 mi) of range remaining.[60][69]

Markets and sales[edit]

United States[edit]

Deliveries of the Bolt EV began in the U.S. in December 2016.

Ordering began in California and Oregon in mid-October 2016.[70] The first three Bolts were delivered in the San Francisco Bay Area on December 13, 2016.[8] The national roll out is scheduled to begin in early 2017 in New York, Massachusetts and Virginia, and by mid-2017 is expected to be available nationwide.[8] As of January 2017, a total of 1,741 units have been delivered in the American market.[71][72] The Bolt is available in eight US states. In the first quarter of 2017, there were 3,092 deliveries of the Chevy Bolt in the American market.[73][74] The Bolt became available nationwide in September 2017. [75]

Norway[edit]

The Ampera-e launch in the Norwegian market was scheduled for April 2017, when 13 were registered.[76][77] Deliveries to retail customers[24] began on 17 May 2017.[78] Over 4,000 cars were ordered in Norway, with some to be delivered in 2018.[7]

South Korea[edit]

In South Korea, General Motors opened the order books on March 18, 2017, and all 400 units of the first allotment were sold out in 2 hours.[79]

Awards and recognition[edit]

The Bolt won the 2017 Motor Trend Car of the Year award,[80] the 2017 North American Car of the Year,[81][82] the 2017 AutoGuide.com Reader's Choice Green Car of the Year,[83] and the Green Car Reports Best Car To Buy 2017.[84] The Bolt also ended up Car & Driver's '10 Best Cars' list for 2017 [85][better source needed] The Chevy Bolt also won the 2017 Green Car of the Year awarded by the Green Car Journal.[86] It was also named by Time Magazine among its list of 25 Best Inventions of 2016,[87] and among Popular Science's 10 Greatest Automotive Innovations of 2016.[88] The Bolt EV beat out the Cadillac CT6 and Jaguar XE to win the Detroit Free Press award for Car of the Year.[89][better source needed] Automobile magazine included the Bolt in its 2017 All Star list.[90]

Pre-production name confusion[edit]

2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV badge.

In 2015, Chevrolet acknowledged confusion between two vehicles with a similar-sounding names; Bolt and Volt.[91]

Chevrolet's marketing chief, Tim Mahoney, subsequently announced GM would keep the Bolt name.[92]

Autoblog projected similar confusion among European customers where the Opel Ampera-e (the Bolt variant) is just one letter off from the Opel Ampera, the previous-generation Chevrolet Volt sold in Europe — suggesting the names could confuse customers who think the new all-electric hatchback is closely related to the old plug-in hybrid hatchback.[93]

Tata Motors has had a car named the Bolt on the market since 2014, and has registered the trademark in India and other countries.[94]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy and U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and (2016-09-20). "Compare Side-by-Syde - 2017 Chevrolet Bolt". fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2016-09-20. 
  2. ^ a b c d ""Das Elektroauto": Opel Ampera-e Impresses with Electrifying High-tech" (Press release). Rüsselsheim: Opel Pressroom Europe. 2017-02-13. Retrieved 2017-02-19. 
  3. ^ "Chevrolet Develops Bolt EV Using Strategic Partnership" (Press release). Warren, Michigan: Chevrolet Pressroom. 2015-10-20. Retrieved 2016-09-21. 
  4. ^ "Chevrolet Commits to Bolt EV Production" (Press release). Chicago: General Motor. 2015-02-12. Retrieved 2015-02-17. 
  5. ^ a b Tom Krisher (2016-11-05). "GM starts producing 200-mile electric Chevrolet Bolt". Retrieved 2016-11-05.  Mirror
  6. ^ a b Korosec, Kirsten (2016-02-11). "GM Unveils an All-Electric Car for Europe". Fortune. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  7. ^ a b Dalløkken, Per Erlien (2017-05-03). "Opel varsler forsinkelser i leveranser av Ampera-e til Norge". Teknisk Ukeblad. Retrieved 2017-05-03. 
  8. ^ a b c d Cobb, Jeff (2016-12-13). "First Chevy Bolt EVs Delivered Today". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2017-01-10. 
  9. ^ Cole, Jay (2016-09-20). "Chevrolet Bolt EV In Canada Priced At $42,795 – Includes Fast Charging, Arrives Early 2017". Inside EVs. US. Retrieved 2016-09-21. 
  10. ^ "Chevrolet Bolt, Honda Ridgeline, Chrysler Pacifica Named 2017 North American Car, Truck and Utility Vehicle of the Year". Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  11. ^ Cobb, Jeff (2016-11-23). "2017 Chevy Bolt's Trophy Case Is Filling Up". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  12. ^ a b Courtenay, Vince (2017-04-26). "Bolt's Lead Designer Describes Clean-Sheet Creation". wardsauto.com. Archived from the original on 2017-04-26. Retrieved 2017-05-18. Stuart Norris .. arrived in Korea in the fall of 2012 to start laying the groundwork for the Bolt's design 
  13. ^ Turkus, Brandon (2015-01-12). "Chevrolet Bolt EV Concept foreshadows an affordable, 200-mile EV future [w/videos]". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2015-01-12. 
  14. ^ Greg Migliore (2015-06-24). "Chevy ramps up development of Bolt EV". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2015-06-24. 
  15. ^ a b Brian Thevenot and Jerry Hirsch (2015-01-12). "Chevy Bolt electric car targets Tesla with low price, long range". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-01-12. 
  16. ^ a b Henry Payne (2015-11-19). "Chevy Bolt EV to be revealed in January at CES". The Detroit News. Retrieved 2015-11-20. 
  17. ^ Mike Szostech (2016-01-06). "Chevrolet Bolt unveiled at CES Today". Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  18. ^ Baldwin, Roberto (2016-03-22). "Chevy is getting the Bolt EV ready for production". Engadget. Retrieved 2016-03-23. 
  19. ^ Welch, David; Lippert, John (2016-11-30). "GM's Ready to Lose $9,000 a Pop and Chase the Electric Car Boom". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2016-12-09. 
  20. ^ a b c Dalløkken, Per Erlien (2016-12-23). "Her produseres elbilen og bensinbilen på samme linje". Teknisk Ukeblad. Retrieved 2016-12-25. koster battericellene dem nå cirka 130 dollar per kilowattime.. .. fnyser av påstanden om at de på sikt, når produksjonen er skrudd opp, skal tape penger på elbilen 
  21. ^ "GM cautiously ramps up Bolt electric car production". 
  22. ^ "LG gears up for new era in auto parts industry". 2016-08-17. 
  23. ^ "Tesla's Next Broken Promise". MIT Technology Review. 2016-09-21. Retrieved 2016-10-14. 
  24. ^ a b c "Opel Ampera-e". Teknisk Ukeblad. 2016-12-14. Retrieved 2016-12-14. 
  25. ^ White, Joseph (2016-11-07). "RPT-GM cautiously ramps up Bolt electric car production". Reuters UK. Archived from the original on 2016-11-08. Retrieved 2016-11-12. GM redesigned the Orion assembly operation to allow workers to build either Bolts or Sonics and can shift production depending on demand 
  26. ^ Burden, Melissa (2016-09-13). "GM Orion readies for Chevy Bolt EV production". The Detroit News. Retrieved 2016-11-05. 
  27. ^ "'Not a compliance car,' GM says 2017 Chevy Bolt can meet demand of over 50,000 per year - HybridCars.com". 2016-01-14. 
  28. ^ "Production Begins On 2017 Chevrolet Bolt". Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  29. ^ "Chevy, GMC plan new and improved crossovers". 
  30. ^ "Chevrolet Bolt To Be Built In Michigan In October 2016, Opel "Companion" EV Coming Too". 
  31. ^ a b c "GM's Korea studio 'broke the mold' with Bolt". Automotive News. Retrieved 2016-08-11. 
  32. ^ "2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV Photos and Info". Car and driver. 6 January 2016. Retrieved 2016-09-20. all-new chassis called BEV II, which isn't related to the Gamma platform on the Sonic hatchback. .. and has a 3.0-inch-longer wheelbase. 
  33. ^ "Chevy Bolt EV not on shared architecture, but platform name secret, GM says". Green Car Reports. 2016-09-16. Retrieved 2016-09-20. There are no Bolt EV parts tied to the G2 architecture .. The Bolt EV program originated on the Gamma architecture, but then grew into its own architecture—even as it maintained the G2 code. 
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