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1
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes EMPLOYEES OF MONTH  FEB 2014
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes EMPLOYEES OF MONTH FEB 2014
::2014/03/24::
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Cheyenne & Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma - Concho, OK
Cheyenne & Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma - Concho, OK
::2012/07/03::
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3
FlyingMan For Governor -Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribe of Oklahoma 2013
FlyingMan For Governor -Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribe of Oklahoma 2013
::2012/11/25::
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4
Cheyenne and Arapaho Veterans
Cheyenne and Arapaho Veterans
::2013/06/05::
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5
Cheyenne & Arapaho Tennis
Cheyenne & Arapaho Tennis
::2008/08/20::
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4 year old Cheyenne-Arapaho Golfer, Vincent Aispuro
4 year old Cheyenne-Arapaho Golfer, Vincent Aispuro
::2010/08/30::
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CATV 47 COMMUNITY #43 INAUGURATION
CATV 47 COMMUNITY #43 INAUGURATION
::2014/01/09::
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CATV47 COMMUNITY #56 RESPECT CARNIVAL
CATV47 COMMUNITY #56 RESPECT CARNIVAL
::2014/06/02::
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9
Walking the Cheyenne Path of Life, Part 4
Walking the Cheyenne Path of Life, Part 4
::2013/05/22::
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CATV47 COMMUNITY #53 STORM SHELTERS
CATV47 COMMUNITY #53 STORM SHELTERS
::2014/05/21::
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Walking the Cheyenne Path of Life, Part 3
Walking the Cheyenne Path of Life, Part 3
::2013/05/22::
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CATV47 COMMUNITY #49 CLINTON PLAYGROUND
CATV47 COMMUNITY #49 CLINTON PLAYGROUND
::2014/04/01::
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13
TRIBAL TOPICS SHOW 0006
TRIBAL TOPICS SHOW 0006
::2013/10/21::
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Arapaho  Musician Jesse
Arapaho Musician Jesse
::2009/02/02::
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15
Walking the Cheyenne Road of Life, Part 1
Walking the Cheyenne Road of Life, Part 1
::2013/05/21::
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Teacher Education Day at Washita National Historic Site
Teacher Education Day at Washita National Historic Site
::2012/09/13::
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INDIAN ROAD SHOW #0004
INDIAN ROAD SHOW #0004
::2014/02/19::
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LET
LET'S LEARN SOME ARAPAHO "GOOD MORNING"
::2014/03/27::
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TRIBAL TOPICS SHOW 0007
TRIBAL TOPICS SHOW 0007
::2013/10/18::
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TRIBAL TOPICS EPISODE 0002
TRIBAL TOPICS EPISODE 0002
::2013/10/18::
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Capitol Report Christmas Episode: Tribal lands, secrecy vs. privacy, Notable Quotables
Capitol Report Christmas Episode: Tribal lands, secrecy vs. privacy, Notable Quotables
::2013/12/27::
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CATV47  LET
CATV47 LET'S LEARN SOME ARAPAHO 1-10
::2014/03/28::
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Battle of the Little Bighorn
Battle of the Little Bighorn
::2014/05/05::
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TRIBAL TOPICS EPISODE 0001
TRIBAL TOPICS EPISODE 0001
::2013/10/18::
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25
Big support for gay couple who found way to get married in Okla.
Big support for gay couple who found way to get married in Okla.
::2013/10/25::
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Sandy Creek Massacre Short Film
Sandy Creek Massacre Short Film
::2014/02/06::
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CATV 47 COMMUNITY #44 DARLINGTON ART
CATV 47 COMMUNITY #44 DARLINGTON ART
::2014/02/12::
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Cheyenne and Arapaho Labor Day Powwow Live from Colony Oklahoma
Cheyenne and Arapaho Labor Day Powwow Live from Colony Oklahoma
::2012/06/08::
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CATV47 LET
CATV47 LET'S LEARN SOME CHEYENNE "GOOD MORNING"
::2014/03/27::
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Little Bighorn Memorial 2-Gun Match, with a Winchester 1866
Little Bighorn Memorial 2-Gun Match, with a Winchester 1866
::2014/06/24::
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Clinton Sports Camp and VBS 2014 - Full Length
Clinton Sports Camp and VBS 2014 - Full Length
::2014/06/24::
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CATV47 COMMUNITY #47 LEADERSHIP FORUM
CATV47 COMMUNITY #47 LEADERSHIP FORUM
::2014/03/18::
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Brent Learned: Oklahoma Native Artists Interview Series
Brent Learned: Oklahoma Native Artists Interview Series
::2014/01/17::
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Squishy Tours America: Little Big Horn National Monument
Squishy Tours America: Little Big Horn National Monument
::2014/07/15::
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Indian Pride 103; Spirituality
Indian Pride 103; Spirituality
::2011/01/28::
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Voices of Prevention -- The Northern Arapaho Tribe
Voices of Prevention -- The Northern Arapaho Tribe's Indian Country Methamphetamine Initiative
::2012/03/19::
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Dr. Henrietta Mann - Biographical Interview
Dr. Henrietta Mann - Biographical Interview
::2014/01/08::
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38
Cheyenne Lakota Arapaho Battle of Little Bighorn Alliance
Cheyenne Lakota Arapaho Battle of Little Bighorn Alliance
::2008/06/22::
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Seaver College Distinguished Lecture Series - James West
Seaver College Distinguished Lecture Series - James West
::2008/11/17::
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40
Old kingfisher Oklahoma pic.
Old kingfisher Oklahoma pic.
::2010/10/14::
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Preserve Native American Languages Using the TeachSmart® Learning System
Preserve Native American Languages Using the TeachSmart® Learning System
::2013/06/26::
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Ink Impressions
Ink Impressions
::2013/08/16::
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What
What's My Line - Chief Lawrence Hart
::2012/07/19::
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CATV47 COMMUNITY #57 EL RENO CLINIC
CATV47 COMMUNITY #57 EL RENO CLINIC
::2014/06/03::
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Cheyenne Arapaho Distribution - May 2008
Cheyenne Arapaho Distribution - May 2008
::2009/11/10::
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Cheyenne and Arapaho Legislative Meeting 11-9-13
Cheyenne and Arapaho Legislative Meeting 11-9-13
::2013/11/21::
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Love Faces by Trey Songz
Love Faces by Trey Songz
::2013/08/10::
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Cheyenne & Arapaho Jan 2014 Legislative Session
Cheyenne & Arapaho Jan 2014 Legislative Session
::2014/01/15::
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JUSTICE FOR NAOMI WHITECROW (2-year old that died in foster care in Oklahoma)
JUSTICE FOR NAOMI WHITECROW (2-year old that died in foster care in Oklahoma)
::2011/11/03::
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Native American Arapaho Tribe
Native American Arapaho Tribe
::2009/05/08::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes
Flag of the Cheyenne & Arapaho Tribe of Oklahoma.png
Total population
12,185[1]
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( Oklahoma)
Languages
English, Arapaho language, Cheyenne language
Religion
Christianity, Native American Church, Sun Dance, traditional tribal religions
Related ethnic groups
Arapaho, Cheyenne,
Gros Ventre, Blackfeet, and Suhtai

The Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes are a united, federally recognized tribe of Southern Arapaho and Southern Cheyenne people in western Oklahoma.

Government[edit]

Cheyenne-Arapaho tribal member, peace chief, and artist, Harvey Pratt

The Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes are headquartered in Concho, Oklahoma. Of 12,185 enrolled tribal members, 8,664 live within the state of Oklahoma. The tribal jurisdictional area includes Beckham, Blaine, Canadian, Custer, Dewey, Ellis, Kingfisher, Roger Mills, and Washita Counties.[1]

The tribal government consists of the Tribal Council, Executive Branch, Legislative Branch, and Judicial Branch. The Tribal Council includes all tribal members over the age of 18.[2] The Executive Branch is led by the Governor and Lieutenant Governor. The Legislative Branch is made up of legislators from the four Arapaho districts and four Cheyenne districts. The Judicial Branch includes a Supreme Court, including one Chief Justice and four Associate Justices; a Trial Court, composed of one Chief Judge and at least one Associate Judge; and any lower courts deemed necessary by the Legislature.[3] In 2006 the tribes voted and ratified the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes Constitution which replaced the 1975 constitution.[4]

Current issues[edit]

In 2009, Lt. Governor Teresa Dorsett was named acting Tribal Governor. She replaced Governor Darrell Flyingman, who was removed from office on 13 November 2009, pursuant to Section 8 of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribal Law and Order Code. Flyingman was elected first in 2007 and was recalled twice since but the Tribal Court overturned the recall both times.

Flyingman was accused of bad accounting of tribal funds, although he maintains that a National Indian Gaming Commission audit cleared him of wrongdoing.[5]

In 2010, Janice Prairie Chief-Boswell was elected Tribal Governor, and Leslie Wandrie-Harjo was elected Lt. Governor.[6] In December 2010, Wandrie-Harjo accused Prairie Chief-Boswell of hiding financial records and disobeying tribal court orders to vacate her office.[5] On 31 March 2011, Wandrie-Harjo and others broke into the locked tribal headquarters.[5] A dispute has continued between Prairie Chief-Boswell and Wandie-Harjo as to who is the rightful leader of the tribe. The First Bank of Trust Company froze $6.4 million of the tribe's assets.[7] The tribe declared a state of emergency, and a hearing had been set over the funds.[8]

Economic development[edit]

The tribe operates three tribal smoke shops and four casinos:[1] the Lucky Star Casino in Clinton, the Lucky Star Casino in Concho, the Feather Warrior Casino in Watonga, and the Feather Warrior Casino in Canton.[9] They also issue their own tribal vehicle tags. Their economic impact is estimated at $32 million.[1]

Institutions[edit]

The Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribal Tribune is the tribe's newspaper.[9] ''CATV channel 47'' is the tribe's low power FCC licensed television station. CATV's call letters are K47MU-D. The Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma Culture and Heritage Program teaches hand games, powwow dancing and songs, horse care and riding, buffalo management, and Cheyenne and Arapaho language, and sponsored several running events.[10]

College[edit]

In partnership with Southwestern Oklahoma State University, the tribe founded the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribal College on August 25, 2006. Dr. Henrietta Mann, enrolled tribal member, currently is president. The campus is in Weatherford, Oklahoma and the school offers programs in Tribal Administration, American Indian Studies, and General Studies.[11]

History[edit]

Arapaho camp, 1868

The Cheyennes and Arapahos are two distinct tribes with distinct histories. The Cheyenne (Tsitsistas/ The People) were once agrarian, or agricultural, people located near the Great Lakes in present-day Minnesota. Grinnell notes the Cheyenne language is a unique branch of the Algonquian language family and, The Nation itself, is descended from two related tribes, the Tsitsistas and the Suh' Tai. The latter is believed to have joined the Tsitsistas in the early 18th century (1: 1-2). The Tsitsistas and the Suh' Tai are characterized, and represented by two cultural heroes who received divine articles which shaped the time-honored belief systems of the Southern and Northern families of the Cheyenne Nation. The Suh' Tai, represented by a man named Erect Horns, were blessed with the care of a sacred Buffalo Hat, which is kept among the Northern family. The Tsitsistas, represented by a man named Sweet Medicine, were bestowed with the care of a bundle of sacred Arrows, kept among the Southern Family. Inspired by Erect Horn's vision, they adopted the horse culture in the 18th century and moved westward onto the plains to follow the buffalo. The prophet Sweet Medicine organized the structure of Cheyenne society, including the Council of Forty-four peace chiefs and the warrior societies led by prominent warriors.[12]

The Arapaho, also Algonquian speaking, came from Saskatchewan, Montana, Wyoming, eastern Colorado, and western South Dakota in the 18th century. They adopted horse culture and became successful nomadic hunters. In 1800, the tribe began coalescing into northern and southern groups. Although the Arapaho had assisted the Cheyenne and Lakota in driving the Kiowa and Comanche south from the Northern Plains, in 1840 they made peace with both tribes. They became prosperous traders, until the expansion of American settlers onto their lands after the Civil War.[13]

The Cheyenne and Arapaho formed an alliance in the 18th and 19th centuries. Together they were a formidable military force, successful hunters, and active traders with other tribes. At the height of their alliance, their combined hunting territories spanned from Montana to Texas.[12]

Signing the Ft. Laramie Treaty, 1868

The Arapaho signed the Fort Laramie Treaty with the US in 1851. It recognized and guaranteed their rights to traditional lands in portions of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, and Wyoming. The US could not enforce the treaty, however, and European-American trespassers overran Indian lands. There were repeated conflicts between settlers and members of the tribes.

The US government brought the tribes to council again in 1867, to achieve peace under the Medicine Lodge Treaty. It promised the Arapaho a reservation in Kansas, but they disliked the location. They accepted a reservation with the Cheyenne in Indian Territory, so both tribes were forced to remove south near Fort Reno in present-day Oklahoma.[12]

The Dawes Act broke up the Cheyenne-Arapaho land base. All land not allotted to individual Indians was opened to settlement in the Land Run of 1892. The Curtis Act of 1898 dismantled the tribal governments in an attempt to have the tribal members assimilate to United States conventions and culture.

After the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act passed in 1936, the Cheyenne and Arapaho organized a single tribal government in 1937.[13] The Indian Self-Determination Act of 1975 further enhanced tribal development.

Notable tribal members[edit]

Suzan Shown Harjo, Cheyenne-Muscogee activist, author, poet, and policy maker

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d 2011 Oklahoma Indian Nations Pocket Pictorial Directory. Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission. 2011: 7. Retrieved 2 Jan 2012.
  2. ^ Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes Constitution, Article V, Section 1
  3. ^ Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma Constitution and Bylaws. 1975 (retrieved 7 Feb 2009)
  4. ^ http://www.c-a-tribes.org/cheyenne-arapaho-tribes-constitution
  5. ^ a b c King, Patti Jo. "Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribal Members Demanding Answers to Devastating Internal Dispute." Indian Country Today. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
  6. ^ "Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribal Traditional Leaders Remove Governor Flyingman After Election." PR Newswire. 17 Nov 2009. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
  7. ^ "American Indian tribe asks judge to release accounts frozen by Okla. bank over governor flap." The Republic. 8 May 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
  8. ^ "Okla. bank freezes fractured tribes' bank accounts." Fox 23. 29 April 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
  9. ^ a b Cheyenne & Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma. 2007 (retrieved 7 Feb 2009)
  10. ^ Culture. Cheyenne & Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma. 2007 (retrieved 7 Feb 2009)
  11. ^ General Information. Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribal College. (retrieved 2 Nov 2009)
  12. ^ a b c Moore, John H. Oklahoma Historical Society's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture. (retrieved 7 Feb 2009)
  13. ^ a b Fowler, Loretta. Arapaho, Southern., Oklahoma Historical Society's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture, retrieved 7 Feb 2009

References[edit]

  • Grinnell, George B. The Cheyenne Indians: Their History and Lifeways Vol 1. Bloomington: World Wisdom, Inc. 2008. Print.

Additional reading[edit]

  • Henrietta Mann, "Cheyenne-Arapaho Education 1871-1982", Niwot CO: University Press of Colorado, 1997. ISBN 0-87081-462-1
  • Raylene Hinz-Penner, "Searching for Sacred Ground: The Journey of Chief Lawrence Hart, Mennonite", Telford, PA:Cascadia Publishing House, 2007
  • John L. Moore, The Cheyenne, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 1996. ISBN 978-0-631-21862-3.

External links[edit]

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