Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Understanding the Chicago School of Architecture
Understanding the Chicago School of Architecture
Published: 2009/10/29
Channel: macfound
Chicago school (architecture)
Chicago school (architecture)
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: WikiWikiup
19th-Century Chicago Architecture - Bob Vila
19th-Century Chicago Architecture - Bob Vila
Published: 2011/11/22
Channel: Bob Vila
75 Years of Mies van der Rohe and His Chicago School
75 Years of Mies van der Rohe and His Chicago School
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: IITalumnichannel
History of art : CHICAGO School
History of art : CHICAGO School
Published: 2014/03/01
Channel: tiah foo
John Lobell Frank Lloyd Wright The Chicago School
John Lobell Frank Lloyd Wright The Chicago School
Published: 2015/01/30
Channel: John Lobell
Modern Architecture in Chicago
Modern Architecture in Chicago
Published: 2011/11/01
Channel: Bob Vila
The Chicago School of Architecture Building the Modern City 1880 1910 Shire Library USA Pdf Download
The Chicago School of Architecture Building the Modern City 1880 1910 Shire Library USA Pdf Download
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: Jamie. W
Chicago Architecture
Chicago Architecture
Published: 2011/08/16
Channel: EnjoyIllinois
Louis Sullivan: A New Architecture for Chicago
Louis Sullivan: A New Architecture for Chicago
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: The Art Institute of Chicago
Chicago architectural tour
Chicago architectural tour
Published: 2015/06/30
Channel: rrz518
The Chicago School of Architecture A History of Commercial and Public Building in the Chicago Area 1
The Chicago School of Architecture A History of Commercial and Public Building in the Chicago Area 1
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: Jamie. W
James Buchanan on Chicago School Thinking: Old and New
James Buchanan on Chicago School Thinking: Old and New
Published: 2010/06/22
Channel: University of Richmond
The Rookery: Root to Wright
The Rookery: Root to Wright
Published: 2014/09/30
Channel: Chicago Architecture Foundation
The Chicago School of Architecture A History of Commercial and Public Building in the Chicago Area 1
The Chicago School of Architecture A History of Commercial and Public Building in the Chicago Area 1
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: Jonas Krueger
Chicago Skyscrapers, 1871-1934, by Thomas Leslie
Chicago Skyscrapers, 1871-1934, by Thomas Leslie
Published: 2013/04/09
Channel: University of Illinois Press
Architecture 16 of 23 Sullivan & Adler   Auditorium Building Chicago
Architecture 16 of 23 Sullivan & Adler Auditorium Building Chicago
Published: 2011/08/29
Channel: Sivakumar Thangavelu
Chicago Architecture Film
Chicago Architecture Film
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: AANSNeurosurgery
GSD at the Chicago Architecture Biennial: “New Materialisms: Panel 1, Practices Make History”
GSD at the Chicago Architecture Biennial: “New Materialisms: Panel 1, Practices Make History”
Published: 2017/10/03
Channel: Harvard GSD
Archiculture: a documentary film that explores the architectural studio (full 25 min film)
Archiculture: a documentary film that explores the architectural studio (full 25 min film)
Published: 2014/12/17
Channel: Arbuckle Industries
Video School of Architecture UIC (ESARQ)
Video School of Architecture UIC (ESARQ)
Published: 2009/02/16
Channel: UIC Barcelona
GSD at the Chicago Architecture Biennial: “New Materialisms: Panel 2, Histories Make Practice"
GSD at the Chicago Architecture Biennial: “New Materialisms: Panel 2, Histories Make Practice"
Published: 2017/10/03
Channel: Harvard GSD
UIC College of Architecture, Design, and the Arts: Fostering Fearless Curiosity
UIC College of Architecture, Design, and the Arts: Fostering Fearless Curiosity
Published: 2014/02/10
Channel: UICArchDesignArts
chicago  school of thoughts
chicago school of thoughts
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: mizz Dhira
Chicago School of Economics - Forces of the Market
Chicago School of Economics - Forces of the Market
Published: 2011/09/15
Channel: European Center for Advanced International Studies
Chicago School of Architecture  Building the Modern City, 1880 1910 Shire General by Rolf Achilles
Chicago School of Architecture Building the Modern City, 1880 1910 Shire General by Rolf Achilles
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: ozza varel
UChicago Architecture: Wendy Doniger on the University of Chicago’s Architectural “Neighborhoods”
UChicago Architecture: Wendy Doniger on the University of Chicago’s Architectural “Neighborhoods”
Published: 2015/07/10
Channel: The University of Chicago
Chicago
Chicago's Influence on Architecture
Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: Illinois Tech
Chicago School of Architecture  Building the Modern City  1880 1910 Shire General by Rolf Achilles
Chicago School of Architecture Building the Modern City 1880 1910 Shire General by Rolf Achilles
Published: 2016/04/01
Channel: tata warna
1.11 - Chicago School (Commanding Heights Sample)
1.11 - Chicago School (Commanding Heights Sample)
Published: 2006/10/11
Channel: Sidewinder77
Chicago - Architecture
Chicago - Architecture
Published: 2012/02/22
Channel: Discover Illinois
Building Enclosure Structures | School of Architecture | Academy of Art University
Building Enclosure Structures | School of Architecture | Academy of Art University
Published: 2013/11/06
Channel: Academy of Art University
The Origins of the Prairie School
The Origins of the Prairie School
Published: 2012/01/11
Channel: fedvid1
Chicago
Chicago's towering architectural achievements
Published: 2016/01/03
Channel: CBS Sunday Morning
Frank Lloyd Wright, Architecture, & Environment
Frank Lloyd Wright, Architecture, & Environment
Published: 2014/01/24
Channel: Chicago Humanities Festival
Full Chicago Biennial Trailer
Full Chicago Biennial Trailer
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: Chicago Architecture Biennial
The Evolution of Chicago’s Modern Architecture
The Evolution of Chicago’s Modern Architecture
Published: 2016/08/13
Channel: Build With Strength
Architecture & Design: Renewing the Social Agenda | Patricia Saldaña Natke | TEDxUChicago
Architecture & Design: Renewing the Social Agenda | Patricia Saldaña Natke | TEDxUChicago
Published: 2016/06/30
Channel: TEDx Talks
Chicago School of Architecture  Building the Modern City  1880 1910 Shire General by Rolf Achilles
Chicago School of Architecture Building the Modern City 1880 1910 Shire General by Rolf Achilles
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: tata warna
Jeanne Gang and John W. Boyer discuss Campus North Residential Commons
Jeanne Gang and John W. Boyer discuss Campus North Residential Commons
Published: 2016/09/12
Channel: The University of Chicago
The (Other) Chicago School
The (Other) Chicago School
Published: 2008/09/20
Channel: CleanGovernmentNow
50 Year History of the Chicago Architecture Foundation
50 Year History of the Chicago Architecture Foundation
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Chicago Architecture Foundation
Chicago Architectural Tour Part 1/3
Chicago Architectural Tour Part 1/3
Published: 2011/06/20
Channel: sunshiningschool
Open House Chicago 2013, presented by the Chicago Architecture Foundation
Open House Chicago 2013, presented by the Chicago Architecture Foundation
Published: 2013/04/17
Channel: Chicago Architecture Foundation
NSLC Architecture: Chicago Architecture Boat Tour
NSLC Architecture: Chicago Architecture Boat Tour
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: NSLC at NU
Horizontal City at the 2017 Chicago Architecture Biennial
Horizontal City at the 2017 Chicago Architecture Biennial
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: ArchDaily
Top 14. Best Architectural Buildings in Chicago - Illinois
Top 14. Best Architectural Buildings in Chicago - Illinois
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: UltramodernHome
50 Years of Stories at the Chicago Architecture Foundation
50 Years of Stories at the Chicago Architecture Foundation
Published: 2016/03/24
Channel: Chicago Architecture Foundation
Your Journey Begins Here — The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Your Journey Begins Here — The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Chicago (Architecture) Boat Tour HD
Chicago (Architecture) Boat Tour HD
Published: 2012/09/08
Channel: zentralsachsenmaxe
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Chicago School (architecture))
Jump to: navigation, search

Chicago's architecture is famous throughout the world and one style is referred to as the Chicago School. Much of its early work is also known as Commercial style.[1] In the history of architecture, the first Chicago School was a school of architects active in Chicago at the turn of the 20th century. They were among the first to promote the new technologies of steel-frame construction in commercial buildings, and developed a spatial aesthetic which co-evolved with, and then came to influence, parallel developments in European Modernism. A "Second Chicago School" later emerged in the 1940s and 1970s which pioneered new building technologies and structural systems such as the tube-frame structure.[2]

First Chicago School[edit]

The Chicago Building by Holabird & Roche (1904–1905) is a prime example of the Chicago School, displaying both variations of the Chicago window

While the term "Chicago School" is widely used to describe buildings constructed in the city during the 1880s and 1890s, this term has been disputed by scholars, in particular in reaction to Carl Condit's 1952 book The Chicago School of Architecture. Historians such as H. Allen Brooks, Winston Weisman and Daniel Bluestone have pointed out that the phrase suggests a unified set of aesthetic or conceptual precepts, when, in fact, Chicago buildings of the era displayed a wide variety of styles and techniques. Contemporary publications used the phrase "Commercial Style" to describe the innovative tall buildings of the era rather than proposing any sort of unified "school".

Some of the distinguishing features of the Chicago School are the use of steel-frame buildings with masonry cladding (usually terra cotta), allowing large plate-glass window areas and limiting the amount of exterior ornamentation. Sometimes elements of neoclassical architecture are used in Chicago School skyscrapers. Many Chicago School skyscrapers contain the three parts of a classical column. The lowest floors functions as the base, the middle stories, usually with little ornamental detail, act as the shaft of the column, and the last floor or two, often capped with a cornice and often with more ornamental detail, represent the capital.

Chicago School window grid

The "Chicago window" originated in this school. It is a three-part window consisting of a large fixed center panel flanked by two smaller double-hung sash windows. The arrangement of windows on the facade typically creates a grid pattern, with some projecting out from the facade forming bay windows. The Chicago window combined the functions of light-gathering and natural ventilation; a single central pane was usually fixed, while the two surrounding panes were operable. These windows were often deployed in bays, known as oriel windows, that projected out over the street.

Architects whose names are associated with the Chicago School include Henry Hobson Richardson, Dankmar Adler, Daniel Burnham, William Holabird, William LeBaron Jenney, Martin Roche, John Root, Solon S. Beman, and Louis Sullivan. Frank Lloyd Wright started in the firm of Adler and Sullivan but created his own Prairie Style of architecture.

The Home Insurance Building, which some regarded as the first skyscraper in the world, was built in Chicago in 1885 and was demolished in 1931. Some of the more famous Chicago School buildings include:

Buildings outside Chicago[edit]

Buildings outside Chicago include:

Second Chicago School[edit]

Willis Tower, completed in 1973, introduced the bundled tube structural system and was the world's tallest building until 1998

In the 1940s, a "Second Chicago School" emerged from the work of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and his efforts of education at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. Its first and purest expression was the 860–880 Lake Shore Drive Apartments (1951) and their technological achievements. This was supported and enlarged in the 1960s due to the ideas of structural engineer Fazlur Khan.[2] He introduced a new structural system of framed tubes in skyscraper design and construction. The Bangladeshi engineer Fazlur Khan defined the framed tube structure as "a three dimensional space structure composed of three, four, or possibly more frames, braced frames, or shear walls, joined at or near their edges to form a vertical tube-like structural system capable of resisting lateral forces in any direction by cantilevering from the foundation."[3] Closely spaced interconnected exterior columns form the tube. Horizontal loads, for example wind, are supported by the structure as a whole. About half the exterior surface is available for windows. Framed tubes allow fewer interior columns, and so create more usable floor space. Where larger openings like garage doors are required, the tube frame must be interrupted, with transfer girders used to maintain structural integrity.

The first building to apply the tube-frame construction was the DeWitt-Chestnut Apartment Building which Khan designed and was completed in Chicago by 1963.[4] This laid the foundations for the tube structures of many other later skyscrapers, including his own John Hancock Center and Willis Tower, and can be seen in the construction of the World Trade Center, Petronas Towers, Jin Mao Building, and most other supertall skyscrapers since the 1960s.[5]

Today, there are different styles of architecture all throughout the city, such as the Chicago School, neo-classical, art deco, modern, and postmodern.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Commercial style definition". Dictionary of Wisconsin History. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-06-26. 
  2. ^ a b Billington, David P. (1985). The Tower and the Bridge: The New Art of Structural Engineering. Princeton University Press. pp. 234–5. ISBN 0-691-02393-X. 
  3. ^ "Evolution of Concrete Skyscrapers". Archived from the original on 2007-06-05. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  4. ^ Alfred Swenson & Pao-Chi Chang (2008). "building construction". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-12-09. 
  5. ^ Ali, Mir M. (2001). "Evolution of Concrete Skyscrapers: from Ingalls to Jin mao". Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering. 1 (1): 2–14. Retrieved 2008-11-30. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Condit, Carl W. The Chicago school of architecture: a history of commercial and public building in the Chicago area, 1875-1925. University of Chicago Press, 1973.
  • Leslie, Thomas. Chicago Skyscrapers, 1871-1934. University of Illinois Press, 2013.

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license