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Chicago Blues - Electric Blues Style
Chicago Blues - Electric Blues Style
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: Jazz and Blues Experience
Chicago Blues, Live Vol. 1
Chicago Blues, Live Vol. 1
Published: 2012/06/14
Channel: onemediamusic
Buddy Guy & Magic Sam - The New Generation Of Chicago Blues
Buddy Guy & Magic Sam - The New Generation Of Chicago Blues
Published: 2016/06/19
Channel: Sed Goto
Blues Playlist 1 - A Mix of Chicago & Delta blues
Blues Playlist 1 - A Mix of Chicago & Delta blues
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Jazz and Blues Experience
"Sweet Home Chicago" (Buddy Guy, Eric Clapton, Johnny Winter, Robert Cray, Hubert Sumlin...)
"Sweet Home Chicago" (Buddy Guy, Eric Clapton, Johnny Winter, Robert Cray, Hubert Sumlin...)
Published: 2011/02/05
Channel: Mofromusic
Conan Writes Chicago Blues Songs With School Kids - CONAN on TBS
Conan Writes Chicago Blues Songs With School Kids - CONAN on TBS
Published: 2012/06/13
Channel: Team Coco
Blues Brothers - Sweet Home Chicago
Blues Brothers - Sweet Home Chicago
Published: 2009/03/06
Channel: BluesBrothersMusic
Chicago Blues Documentary (1972)
Chicago Blues Documentary (1972)
Published: 2011/08/31
Channel: MrFataliste
Chicago Blues, Live Vol. 3
Chicago Blues, Live Vol. 3
Published: 2012/06/14
Channel: onemediamusic
Junior Wells
Junior Wells' Chicago Blues Band -- Help Me (A Tribute to Sonny Boy Williamson)
Published: 2011/04/10
Channel: sugarmamaaa
Chicago Blues, Live Vol. 4
Chicago Blues, Live Vol. 4
Published: 2012/06/14
Channel: onemediamusic
Chicago Blues All-Stars Live @ Buddy Guy
Chicago Blues All-Stars Live @ Buddy Guy's Legends
Published: 2014/12/12
Channel: Chicago Blues All-Stars
Big Walter Horton ~
Big Walter Horton ~ ''Tin Pan Alley''(Harmonica Electric Chicago Blues 1977)
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: Dimitris Koutsiaftis
Count Basie-Goin To Chicago Blues.
Count Basie-Goin To Chicago Blues.
Published: 2012/12/20
Channel: Milton Page
Jazz Gillum - Chicago Blues On Air
Jazz Gillum - Chicago Blues On Air
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: Jazz and Blues Experience
Buddy Guy - First Time I Met The Blues
Buddy Guy - First Time I Met The Blues
Published: 2007/06/26
Channel: lupine22
Lurrie Bell & His Chicago Blues Band - "Wine Headed Woman" @ Moulin Blues 2017
Lurrie Bell & His Chicago Blues Band - "Wine Headed Woman" @ Moulin Blues 2017
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Moulin Blues Ospel
Chicago Blues A Living History 2010)
Chicago Blues A Living History 2010)
Published: 2013/07/26
Channel: Mohammed Aouzai
Muddy Waters and the Chicago Blues
Muddy Waters and the Chicago Blues
Published: 2015/06/19
Channel: CityofAuroraIllinois
Chicago Blues, Live Vol. 5
Chicago Blues, Live Vol. 5
Published: 2012/06/14
Channel: onemediamusic
The Blues Brothers - Sweet Home Chicago - 1080p Full HD
The Blues Brothers - Sweet Home Chicago - 1080p Full HD
Published: 2013/05/07
Channel: Juanjo de Goya
Koko Taylor & Her Blues Machine - Chicago Blues Festival. 1988
Koko Taylor & Her Blues Machine - Chicago Blues Festival. 1988
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: Blues Compartido
John Littlejohn - Chicago Blues Stars (1969)
John Littlejohn - Chicago Blues Stars (1969)
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Sed Goto
Joe Williams - Goin To Chicago Blues
Joe Williams - Goin To Chicago Blues
Published: 2011/04/29
Channel: jazzydfly
MUDDY WATERS & JOHNNY WINTER, Live at The Chicago Blues Festival, 1981
MUDDY WATERS & JOHNNY WINTER, Live at The Chicago Blues Festival, 1981
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: Studio Zanti
ALBERT KING - Grant Park,  Chicago Blues Festival. 1988
ALBERT KING - Grant Park, Chicago Blues Festival. 1988
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Blues Compartido
Chicago Style Blues Backing Track (A)
Chicago Style Blues Backing Track (A)
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: Quist
Chicago Blues Rhythm Guitar with Kirk Fletcher
Chicago Blues Rhythm Guitar with Kirk Fletcher
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: GuitarInstructor
Lurrie Bell at Chicago Blues Festival 2015 Part 1
Lurrie Bell at Chicago Blues Festival 2015 Part 1
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: HD Pierce
Chicago Blues Backing Track (A)
Chicago Blues Backing Track (A)
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Quist
Hubert Sumlin     ~   Tribute ( Modern Electric Chicago Blues )
Hubert Sumlin ~ Tribute ( Modern Electric Chicago Blues )
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: Dimitris Koutsiaftis
Willie Kent & His Gents ~
Willie Kent & His Gents ~ ''Slow And Easy''(Modern Electric Chicago Blues 1991)
Published: 2014/05/10
Channel: Dimitris Koutsiaftis
Chicago Blues (Muddy Waters, Buddy Guy, Junior Wells and Bo Diddley)
Chicago Blues (Muddy Waters, Buddy Guy, Junior Wells and Bo Diddley)
Published: 2014/01/22
Channel: Rush Cooper
Oscar Peterson - Chicago Blues
Oscar Peterson - Chicago Blues
Published: 2011/05/31
Channel: Guillermo Durán
Luther Allison - Live in Chicago [Full Album] 1995 Chicago Blues Festival. [HQ 360 vbr]
Luther Allison - Live in Chicago [Full Album] 1995 Chicago Blues Festival. [HQ 360 vbr]
Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: Satan cries, "Take aim!"
Chicago Style Blues Backing Track (C)
Chicago Style Blues Backing Track (C)
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: Quist
12 Bar Chicago Blues - Backing Track in E for Lead Guitar
12 Bar Chicago Blues - Backing Track in E for Lead Guitar
Published: 2013/08/20
Channel: SkylarkBackingTracks
'Chicago Blues' LONNIE JOHNSON (1941) Guitar Hero Legend Of Blues
Published: 2009/05/03
Channel: RagtimeDorianHenry
John Lee Hooker - 1990 Chicago Blues Fest
John Lee Hooker - 1990 Chicago Blues Fest
Published: 2015/09/07
Channel: Mr Eddie
Michael Coleman     ~    Tribute   ( Modern Electric Chicago Blues )
Michael Coleman ~ Tribute ( Modern Electric Chicago Blues )
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: Dimitris Koutsiaftis
Chicago Blues Guitar Backing Track - Albert Collins Style in A 122 Bpm
Chicago Blues Guitar Backing Track - Albert Collins Style in A 122 Bpm
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: chusss Music
This Is The Blues  [  11  ]    ~    1970
This Is The Blues [ 11 ] ~ 1970
Published: 2016/06/09
Channel: Dimitris Koutsiaftis
Chicago Blues Reunion-Born in Chicago
Chicago Blues Reunion-Born in Chicago
Published: 2008/05/25
Channel: Baanatos
Billy Branch & Lurrie Bell & The Sons Of Blues ~ Tribute (Modern Electric Harmonica Chicago Blues)
Billy Branch & Lurrie Bell & The Sons Of Blues ~ Tribute (Modern Electric Harmonica Chicago Blues)
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: Dimitris Koutsiaftis
Chicago Blues Guitar Backing Track (E) - Quist
Chicago Blues Guitar Backing Track (E) - Quist
Published: 2017/10/03
Channel: Quist
André Hazes - Chicago Blues met Herman Brood, Jan Akkerman en Hans Dulfer  (Hazes In Ahoy)
André Hazes - Chicago Blues met Herman Brood, Jan Akkerman en Hans Dulfer (Hazes In Ahoy)
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: André Hazes
Little Johnny Taylor  - Chicago Blues Festival, 1993
Little Johnny Taylor - Chicago Blues Festival, 1993
Published: 2016/05/13
Channel: Blues Compartido
Chicago Blues Backing Track (F)
Chicago Blues Backing Track (F)
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: Quist
Cómo tocar blues: turnaround estilo chicago blues
Cómo tocar blues: turnaround estilo chicago blues
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: guitarrasinlimites
CHICAGO BLUES FESTIVAL - JAZZ CLUB LIONEL HAMPTON. 2008
CHICAGO BLUES FESTIVAL - JAZZ CLUB LIONEL HAMPTON. 2008
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: Blues Compartido
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Maxwell Street blues performers and onlookers circa 1950

The Chicago blues is a form of blues music indigenous to Chicago, Illinois. Chicago blues is an electric blues style of urban blues. Urban blues evolved from classic blues following the Great Migration, or the Great Northern Drive, which was both forced and voluntary at times, of African Americans from the southern United States to the industrial cities of the north, such as Chicago. Muddy Waters directly joined that migration, like many others, such as in Florida, avoiding the more harshly southern Jim Crow laws. Bruce Iglauer, founder of Alligator Records stated that, "Chicago blues is the music of the industrial city, and has an industrial sense about it." Additionally, recognizing the shift in blues, Chicago blues singer and guitarist Kevin Moore expressed the blues transition stating, "You have to put some new life into it, new blood, new perspectives. You can't keep talking about mules, workin' on the levee."[1] Chicago blues was heavily influenced by Mississippi bluesmen who traveled to Chicago in the early 1940s. The development of blues, up to Chicago blues, is arguably as follows: Country blues, to city blues, to urban blues. Chicago blues is based on the sound of the electric guitar and the harmonica, with the harmonica played through a PA system or guitar amplifier.

Urban blues started in Chicago and St. Louis, as music created by part-time musicians playing as street musicians, at rent parties, and other events in the black community. For example, bottleneck guitarist Kokomo Arnold was a steelworker and had a moonshine business that was far more profitable than his music.[2]

An early incubator for Chicago blues was the open-air market on Maxwell Street, one of the largest open-air markets in the nation. Residents of the black community would frequent it to buy and sell just about anything. It was a natural location for blues musicians to perform, earn tips, and jam with other musicians. The standard path for blues musicians was to start out as street musicians and at house parties and eventually make their way to blues clubs. The first blues clubs in Chicago were mostly in predominantly black neighborhoods on the South Side, with a few in the smaller black neighborhoods on the West Side. New trends in technology, chaotic streets and bars adding drums to an electric mix, gave birth to a new club culture. One of the most famous was Ruby Lee Gatewood's Tavern, known by patrons as "The Gates". During the 1930s virtually every big-name artist played there.[3]

What drove the blues to international influence was the promotion of record companies such as Paramount Records, RCA Victor, and Columbia Records.[4] Through such record companies Chicago blues became a commercial enterprise. The new style of music eventually reached Europe and the United Kingdom. In the 1960s, young British musicians were highly influenced by Chicago blues resulting in the British blues movement.

Notable musicians[edit]

Guitarist Buddy Guy performing at the Bonnaroo Music Festival in 2006.

Well-known Chicago blues players include singer/songwriters such as Muddy Waters, Howlin' Wolf,[5] Willie Dixon, Earl Hooker, Slim Harpo and Koko Taylor; guitar players such as Freddie King, Otis Rush, Luther Allison, Magic Sam, Magic Slim, Linsey Alexander, Syl Johnson, Jimmy Rogers, Buddy Guy, Robert Lockwood Jr., Bo Diddley, Mike Bloomfield, Mike Wheeler, Homesick James, Johnny Shines, Johnny Young, Floyd Jones, Eddy Clearwater, Mighty Joe Young, Phil Guy, Lil' Ed Williams, J. B. Hutto, and Elmore James; harmonica players such as Big Walter Horton, Little Walter, Billy Boy Arnold, Charlie Musselwhite, Paul Butterfield, Junior Wells, Corky Siegel, Billy Branch, James Cotton,[6] Jimmy Reed,[5] Sugar Blue, and Sonny Terry; keyboardists such as Otis Spann, Lafayette Leake, Blind John Davis, and Erwin Helfer,[7] Eddie Ware, Steve Walsh

Notable record labels[edit]

Bluebird Records[edit]

Bluebird was an important Chicago blues label, notably due to the work of A&R/producer Lester Melrose, who created what is known as the "Bluebird Sound.". Many blues artists recorded for Bluebird, if only briefly, while Arthur Crudup, Lil Green and Tommy McClennan spent virtually their entire career with the label.[8]

Chess Records[edit]

Chess Records, run by brothers Leonard and Phil Chess, was probably the most famous of the Chicago record labels to feature or promote the blues.[5] Musician and critic Cub Koda even described Chess Records as "America's greatest blues label." It was active from 1950–1969 when the brothers sold the company. Most solo artists also did double duty as session musicians on the records of others.

Checker Records was a subsidiary of Chess that recorded Chicago blues musicians such as Bo Diddley, J. B. Lenoir, Robert Lockwood Jr. and Sonny Boy Williamson II.[9]

Cobra Records[edit]

Cobra Records (together with its Artistic subsidiary) was an independent record label that operated from 1956 to 1959. The label was important for launching the recording careers of Chicago blues artists Otis Rush, Magic Sam, and Buddy Guy. It signaled the emergence of a distinctive West Side Sound.

Cobra Records was started on Chicago's West Side in 1956 by Eli Toscano (a record store and television-repair shop owner). When his previous record label, Abco Records, created in early 1956 alongside Record man Joe Brown, failed to generate much interest, Toscano approached Willie Dixon about working for Cobra. Dissatisfied with his arrangement with Chess Records, Dixon joined Cobra. There he served in many capacities, including talent scout, producer, arranger, songwriter, and bassist, as well as guiding its artistic vision.

Delmark[edit]

Delmark was formed when Bob Koester moved his Delmar label from St. Louis to Chicago in 1958 and remains active today. One of the only record companies to this day that has recorded nine-string blues. They are still known for jazz and blues. Delmark was known for its strong competition with Chess records during the early 50's. Artists recorded by the label include Roscoe Mitchell, Junior Wells, Robert Lockwood Jr. and Sonny Boy Williamson II.[10]

Alligator Records[edit]

Bruce Iglauer, a former employee of Delmark, formed Alligator Records in 1971. Alligator Records remains a premier blues label to this day. They have recorded Chicago blues musicians such as Koko Taylor, Buddy Guy, Otis Rush, Hound Dog Taylor and Eddy "The Chief" Clearwater.[11]

Earwig Music Company[edit]

Earwig Music Company is an American blues and jazz independent record label, founded by Michael Frank in October 1978 in Chicago. Since its founding, Earwig Music has issued 66 albums, fifty-one produced by Frank, among them the last recordings of Louis Myers, Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis, and Willie Johnson.

Influence of Chicago blues[edit]

Chicago blues was one of the most significant influences on modern rock music. Chuck Berry originally signed with Chess records—one of the most significant Chicago blues record labels. Berry met and was influenced by Muddy Waters in Chicago and Waters suggested he audition for Chess. Willie Dixon and other blues musicians played on some of Berry's early records.[12] Although The Beatles were not significantly influenced by Chicago blues music, later British invasion bands and artists such as The Rolling Stones, The Yardbirds, The Jimi Hendrix Experience, Cream, and Rory Gallagher[13] were all influenced by Chicago blues musicians such as Big Bill Broonzy, Willie Dixon,[14] Muddy Waters,[15] and Howlin' Wolf.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ William H. Frey, "The New Great Migration: Black Americans' Return to the South, 1965–2000", The Brookings Institution, May 2004, pp. 1–3, accessed 19 March 2008.
  2. ^ Oakley, Giles (1976). The Devil's Music: A History of the Blues. New York: Taplinger. p. 177. ISBN 0800821890. 
  3. ^ Rowe, Mike (1973). Chicago Blues: The City and the Music. London: Da Capo Press. pp. 40–49. ISBN 0-306-80145-0. 
  4. ^ Oakley, Giles (1976). The Devil's Music: A History of the Blues. New York: Taplinger. p. 172. ISBN 0800821890. 
  5. ^ a b c Gilliland, John (1969). "Show 4 - The Tribal Drum: The rise of rhythm and blues. [Part 2]" (audio). Pop Chronicles. University of North Texas Libraries. 
  6. ^ Kerzner, Barry (2013-06-06). "James Cotton's "Cotton Mouth Man" Delivers". Chicagoblues.com. Retrieved 2014-05-18. 
  7. ^ "Chicago Blues – Artists". AllMusic. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  8. ^ "Bluebird Records | Big Road Blues". Sundayblues.org. Retrieved 2012-12-10. 
  9. ^ Rowe, Mike (1873). Chicago Blues the City and the Music. London: Da Capo Press. p. 126. ISBN 0-306-80145-0. 
  10. ^ Sandra, Pointer-Jones. "Delmark Records History". Blues Revue Quarterly. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  11. ^ Howard Reich (2011-10-11). "Alligator Records celebrates 40th anniversary at SPACE - Chicago Tribune". Articles.chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2013-03-11. 
  12. ^ "Chuck Berry". history-of-rock.com. Retrieved 15 December 2013. While attending a nightclub in Chicago in 1955, Berry met his idol Muddy Waters and asked Waters where he might be able to cut a record. Waters directed him to Leonard Chess of Chess Records 
  13. ^ Connaughton, Marcus (2012). Rory Gallagher His Life and Times. The Collins Press. ISBN 9781848891531. 
  14. ^ Inaba, Mitsutoshi. Willie Dixon's Work on the Blues: From the Early Recordings through the Chess and Cobra Years, 1940--1971. Diss. University of Oregon, 2005. N.p.: UMI, 2005. Print.
  15. ^ Foundation for Research in the Afro-American Creative Arts. “Muddy (né McKinley Morganfield) Waters.” The Black Perspective in Music Vol. 11. No. 2 (1983): 230-31. Print.
  16. ^ “Howlin’ Wolf.” Encyclopedia of Popular Music. 4th ed. 2006. Print.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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