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Northern Soul Of Chicago. Vol 1
Northern Soul Of Chicago. Vol 1
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: LowFi Groover
Record Row Pt.3  Documentary of major Chicago Soul labels.
Record Row Pt.3 Documentary of major Chicago Soul labels.
Published: 2011/07/25
Channel: TheSignaturesounds
Record Row Pt.1  Documentary of major Chicago Soul labels.
Record Row Pt.1 Documentary of major Chicago Soul labels.
Published: 2011/07/25
Channel: TheSignaturesounds
Kadency Chicago - Soul (Official Video) Shot By @A309Vision
Kadency Chicago - Soul (Official Video) Shot By @A309Vision
Published: 2016/02/13
Channel: A309Vision
Soul Children of Chicago - Medley
Soul Children of Chicago - Medley
Published: 2015/07/05
Channel: mjscorp j
Soul Coughing - Is Chicago, Is Not Chicago
Soul Coughing - Is Chicago, Is Not Chicago
Published: 2009/11/20
Channel: Dodecalypse
Chicago Soul The TRUTH in R&B Collection - Baby Girl
Chicago Soul The TRUTH in R&B Collection - Baby Girl
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: REALSHITT H
TYRONE DAVIS There
TYRONE DAVIS There's got to be an answer 70s Chicago Soul
Published: 2011/11/16
Channel: funkgetier
JERRY BUTLER  Playing on you  Chicago Soul
JERRY BUTLER Playing on you Chicago Soul
Published: 2011/12/18
Channel: funkgetier
Hart & Soul: Backstage at "Chicago" with Jennifer Nettles, Episode 1: Warming Up
Hart & Soul: Backstage at "Chicago" with Jennifer Nettles, Episode 1: Warming Up
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: Broadwaycom
WILL COLLINS & WILLPOWER Don
WILL COLLINS & WILLPOWER Don't fight the feelin' Chicago Soul
Published: 2011/12/07
Channel: funkgetier
The Soulparanos - Chicago soul
The Soulparanos - Chicago soul
Published: 2013/10/17
Channel: THE SOULPARANOS
TYRONE DAVIS I had it all the time 70s Chicago Soul
TYRONE DAVIS I had it all the time 70s Chicago Soul
Published: 2011/11/15
Channel: funkgetier
Record Row Pt.2  Documentary of major Chicago Soul labels.
Record Row Pt.2 Documentary of major Chicago Soul labels.
Published: 2011/07/25
Channel: TheSignaturesounds
Chicago
Chicago's Best Pork: 6978 Soul Food
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: Chicago's Best
OTIS LEAVILLE  Love uprising  Chicago Deep Soul
OTIS LEAVILLE Love uprising Chicago Deep Soul
Published: 2011/11/13
Channel: funkgetier
Soul Children of Chicago
Soul Children of Chicago
Published: 2013/05/06
Channel: Council on Foundations
JERRY BUTLER  Giving up on love  60s Chicago Soul
JERRY BUTLER Giving up on love 60s Chicago Soul
Published: 2011/11/15
Channel: funkgetier
Crack - Chicago Soul
Crack - Chicago Soul
Published: 2011/05/04
Channel: BorisTiburonGT
"Chicago Radio Legend  WVON"  "PAMS Soul Composite JIngle Package"
"Chicago Radio Legend WVON" "PAMS Soul Composite JIngle Package"
Published: 2014/01/12
Channel: tomovox
Record Row Pt.4  Documentary of major Chicago Soul labels.
Record Row Pt.4 Documentary of major Chicago Soul labels.
Published: 2011/07/31
Channel: TheSignaturesounds
Priscillas Ultimate Soul Food, WGN Chicago
Priscillas Ultimate Soul Food, WGN Chicago's Best
Published: 2011/11/30
Channel: jjarse2
BJ The Chicago Kid - Soul of a Woman (Revolt Live)
BJ The Chicago Kid - Soul of a Woman (Revolt Live)
Published: 2015/12/11
Channel: BJ THE CHICAGO KID
Perfect Praise  (How Excellent) Walt Whitman and the Soul Children of Chicago
Perfect Praise (How Excellent) Walt Whitman and the Soul Children of Chicago
Published: 2007/10/30
Channel: David Miles Jr.
Chicago
Chicago's Best Vegetarian: Soul Veg
Published: 2012/08/13
Channel: Chicago's Best
IMPRESSIONS  (Baby) turn on to me  Chicago Soul
IMPRESSIONS (Baby) turn on to me Chicago Soul
Published: 2011/12/03
Channel: funkgetier
Chicago Soul - The Third Twin - Homemade
Chicago Soul - The Third Twin - Homemade
Published: 2010/10/27
Channel: thethirdtwinchannel
Hart & Soul: Backstage at "Chicago" with Jennifer Nettles, Episode 8: Sailing Away
Hart & Soul: Backstage at "Chicago" with Jennifer Nettles, Episode 8: Sailing Away
Published: 2015/03/17
Channel: Broadwaycom
CURTIS MAYFIELD  P.S. I love you  Chicago Soul
CURTIS MAYFIELD P.S. I love you Chicago Soul
Published: 2011/11/24
Channel: funkgetier
Hart & Soul: Backstage at "Chicago" with Jennifer Nettles, Episode 4: Getting Ready
Hart & Soul: Backstage at "Chicago" with Jennifer Nettles, Episode 4: Getting Ready
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: Broadwaycom
Soul to Squeeze - Live in United Center Chicago 2017 - Red Hot Chili Peppers
Soul to Squeeze - Live in United Center Chicago 2017 - Red Hot Chili Peppers
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Chili Peppers World
This is the Day - Soul Children of Chicago
This is the Day - Soul Children of Chicago
Published: 2007/12/13
Channel: Kim Johnson
60
60's Chicago Soul ! Gloria Fowler & the Entros - Will You Be My Guy
Published: 2010/02/26
Channel: tibus
Soul Children of Chicago singing Joyful, Joyful
Soul Children of Chicago singing Joyful, Joyful
Published: 2012/01/31
Channel: joe pro
Gimme Soul, Chicago! Hip Hop Instrumental Beat - Lease - Feel Good - Kanye:
Gimme Soul, Chicago! Hip Hop Instrumental Beat - Lease - Feel Good - Kanye:
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: KayKayTheProducer
Soul Reunion on Record Shop Day in Chicago - Soul Train Dance Line
Soul Reunion on Record Shop Day in Chicago - Soul Train Dance Line
Published: 2014/04/28
Channel: Robert Pairs
The Third Twin (T.T.T)  - Chicago Soul
The Third Twin (T.T.T) - Chicago Soul
Published: 2010/08/05
Channel: alexdaft26
Soul Children of Chicago - It Is Well  Alum Style
Soul Children of Chicago - It Is Well Alum Style
Published: 2009/10/22
Channel: mjscorp j
"The Lord
"The Lord's Prayer" Walt Whitman & The Soul Children Of Chicago
Published: 2011/05/13
Channel: Joseph Williams
Soul Children of Chicago - Shabach
Soul Children of Chicago - Shabach
Published: 2014/05/12
Channel: mjscorp j
IMPRESSIONS  We
IMPRESSIONS We're a winner 60s Chicago Soul Promo
Published: 2011/11/11
Channel: funkgetier
Chicago Soul Cycle
Chicago Soul Cycle
Published: 2016/01/26
Channel: YouAndMeThisMorning
Check, Please! Chicago: Soul Vegetarian East
Check, Please! Chicago: Soul Vegetarian East
Published: 2008/05/06
Channel: checkpleaseTV
Record Row Pt.5  Documentary of major Chicago Soul labels.
Record Row Pt.5 Documentary of major Chicago Soul labels.
Published: 2011/07/31
Channel: TheSignaturesounds
Hart & Soul: Backstage at "Chicago" with Jennifer Nettles, Episode 6: Turban Time
Hart & Soul: Backstage at "Chicago" with Jennifer Nettles, Episode 6: Turban Time
Published: 2015/03/03
Channel: Broadwaycom
The Almighty Sonics "Do the bump" Chicago Soul Funk Empire Records 45
The Almighty Sonics "Do the bump" Chicago Soul Funk Empire Records 45
Published: 2013/11/13
Channel: EPowersRecords
Soul Children of Chicago - Holy Holy Holy
Soul Children of Chicago - Holy Holy Holy
Published: 2011/07/28
Channel: mjscorp j
Walt Whitman & Soul Children: Manifest
Walt Whitman & Soul Children: Manifest
Published: 2012/01/31
Channel: toomertwin
BARBARA ACKLIN Please Sunrise, Please Chicago Soul
BARBARA ACKLIN Please Sunrise, Please Chicago Soul
Published: 2011/11/26
Channel: funkgetier
Hart & Soul: Backstage at "Chicago" with Jennifer Nettles, Episode 3: First Two-Show Day
Hart & Soul: Backstage at "Chicago" with Jennifer Nettles, Episode 3: First Two-Show Day
Published: 2015/02/10
Channel: Broadwaycom
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Chicago soul is a style of soul music that arose during the 1960s in Chicago. Along with Detroit, the home of Motown, and Memphis, with its hard-edged, gritty performers (see Memphis soul), Chicago and the Chicago soul style helped spur the album-oriented soul revolution of the early 1970s.

The sound of Chicago soul, like southern soul with its rich influence of black gospel music, also exhibited an unmistakable gospel sound, but was somewhat lighter and more delicate in its approach. Chicago vocal groups tended to feature laid-back sweet harmonies, while solo artists exhibited a highly melodic and somewhat pop approach to their songs.

Accompaniment usually featured highly orchestrated arrangements, with horns and strings, by such notable arrangers as Johnny Pate (who largely worked with horns) and Riley Hampton (who specialized in strings). This kind of soul music is sometimes called “soft soul”, to distinguish it from the more harsh and gospelly “hard soul” style.

Notable labels[edit]

A variety of labels in the city during the 1960s and 1970s contributed to the Chicago soul sound, most notably Vee-Jay, Constellation Records, Chess Records, Mercury Records, OKeh, ABC-Paramount, One-derful, Brunswick and its Dakar Records subsidiary, and Curtis Mayfield's Curtom label.

Vee-Jay[edit]

Vee-Jay Records was Chicago's pioneer soul label. In 1958 it produced the first recognized soul hit in Chicago, Jerry Butler and The Impressions' "For Your Precious Love." The company, before it went bankrupt in 1966, produced under A&R director Calvin Carter, many notable soul acts in the Chicago soft soul idiom, notably Butler (best known for “He Will Break Your Heart”), Betty Everett ("The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)"), Dee Clark ("Raindrops"), and Gene Chandler ("Duke of Earl"). Vee Jay was also the first American record label to sign and record The Beatles in the U.S in 1962. The label released several singles but were unsuccessful in scoring a major hit. In 1964 Vee-Jay released The Beatles' first U.S. album titled Introducing... The Beatles. After having management issues at the label and a shortage of funds, the label could not promote the record and give it the push that was needed. So the label was forced to release the group.

Chess Records[edit]

Chess Records, under A&R director and producer Roquel Billy Davis, featured such Chicago soul style acts as the vocal harmony groups The Dells ("Stay in My Corner") and the Radiants ("Voice Your Choice"), female singers Jan Bradley ("Mama Didn’t Lie"), Fontella Bass ("Rescue Me"), and Jackie Ross (“Selfish One”), and male vocalists such as Bo Diddley's protégé Billy Stewart (“I Do Love You”). Chess’ biggest female soul artist, Etta James, performed both in the soft style ("At Last") and the hard style (“Tell Mama”).

OKeh[edit]

OKeh Records was a subsidiary of Columbia Records, but it produced a number of hits by Chicago artists, produced by A&R director Carl Davis in the company's Chicago office. Most of the songs performed by OKeh artists came from the pen of Curtis Mayfield, and OKeh recordings best typified the distinctive sound of Chicago soul. Best known Chicago artists on OKeh were Major Lance ("The Monkey Time"), Walter Jackson ("It’s All Over"), Billy Butler ("Right Track"), and the Artistics ("Get My Hands on Some Lovin'").

ABC-Paramount[edit]

ABC-Paramount was based in New York, but it recorded a number of Chicago soul acts through its Chicago offices, most notably The Impressions, led by guitarist and songwriter Curtis Mayfield. The Impressions were best known for such hits as "Gypsy Woman" and "People Get Ready." Another Chicago soul act that recorded for ABC-Paramount was The Marvelows ("I Do").

Constellation Records[edit]

Constellation Records was formed in August 1963 by Ewart Abner, Bill "Bunky" Sheppard, and Art Sheridan. Abner was ousted from Vee-Jay, and took with him from Vee-Jay producer Bill "Bunky" Sheppard, and two Vee-Jay artists that were personally under contract to Abner, namely Gene Chandler and Dee Clark. Art Sheridan had run Chance Records in the early 1950s, and had been an investor in Vee-Jay. Chandler prospered at Constellation, getting huge national hits for the next three years, notably "Just Be True" and "Nothing Can Stop Me," while Dee Clark got only local hits, notably "Warm Summer Breezes" and "Heartbreak." Another Constellation artist was Holly Maxwell who had regional hits such as "Only When Your Lonely", "One Thin Dime", and "Suffer".

One-derful[edit]

The One-derful label complex (One-derful, M-Pac, Mar-V-lus, Midas, Halo, Toddlin' Town) represented mostly the harder gospelly style of Chicago soul music. Its most notable artists were Otis Clay ("That’s How It Is"), Harold Burrage ("Got to Find A Way"), McKinley Mitchell ("The Town I Live In"), and The Five Du-Tones ("Shake a Tail Feather"). The company also had dance hits with Alvin Cash and the Crawlers ("Twine Time"). The entire catalog has been purchased by Minneapolis-based Secret Stash Records and a huge portion of the recordings has been reissued in 2015 and 2016.

Brunswick[edit]

Brunswick was a New York-based label, but under the aegis of producer and A&R man Carl Davis in Chicago, the company produced a large body of Chicago style soul, beginning in 1966, when Jackie Wilson started recording in Chicago. Wilson's biggest hit with Davis was "(Your Love Keeps Lifting Me) Higher and Higher." Other Brunswick artists included The Chi-Lites ("Oh Girl"), The Artistics ("I'm Gonna Miss You"), Barbara Acklin ("Love Makes A Woman"), Tyrone Davis ("Turn Back the Hands of Time"), and Gene Chandler ("The Girl Don't Care"). Brunswick was eventually acquired by Carl Davis, and the offices moved to the Record Row (South Michigan Avenue).

Curtom[edit]

Curtom was owned by Curtis Mayfield, and the label began recording Chicago soul talent in 1968. The label better represents the post-soul era in Chicago black music, as it specialized in funk and disco recordings, and became a notable producer of soundtracks for black films. Mayfield became a solo artist while at Curtom, and his Super Fly soundtrack (1972), with its funk style, represents the label's biggest seller. Other Curtom artists were disco singer Linda Clifford ("Runaway Love"), the Natural Four ("Can This Be Real"), and the Staple Singers ("Let's Do It Again"). Predating Curtom, Mayfield ran the labels Windy C (Five Stairsteps, Holly Maxwell, June Conquest), and Mayfield (Fascinations, The Mayfield Singers) (which featured two future soul stars: Donny Hathaway and Leroy Hutson, and Holly Maxwell).

In 1980, Mayfield closed the Curtom office and moved to Atlanta, and not long afterwards Brunswick closed its office, which had by then moved to Chicago, as well. With these closings, and with disco and funk replacing traditional soul in popular appeal, Chicago soul music had effectively come to an end.

Chi-Sound[edit]

Another label active in Chicago in the mid-to-late 1970s was Chi-Sound Records, under the production aegis of Carl Davis. Chi-Sound, besides recording the Chi-Lites, Dells, and Gene Chandler, had a number of disco-soul acts between 1976 and 1982, including Windy City Orchestra, Ebony Rhythm Funk Campaign, Magnum Force, Sidney Joe Qualls (previously signed to the Brunswick Records subsidiary, Dakar, in the early 1970s), Manchild and the Chi-Sound Orchestra.

Notable figures[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wynn, Ron (1955-03-29). "Willie Clayton - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 

Sources[edit]

  • Pruter, Robert (1991). Chicago Soul. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

External links[edit]

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