|— Prefecture-level city —|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Hongshan District|
|• Prefecture-level city||90,275 km2 (34,855 sq mi)|
|• Urban||7,012 km2 (2,707 sq mi)|
|• Metro||7,012 km2 (2,707 sq mi)|
|Elevation||586 m (1,923 ft)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,341,245|
|• Density||48/km2 ( 120/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||160/km2 ( 400/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||160/km2 ( 400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Licence plate prefixes||蒙D|
Chifeng, also known as Ulanhadhot (Mongolian: , Mongolian Cyrillic: Улаанхад; 赤峰市; pronounced [ʊlaːnxad xɔt], "red cliff"), is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. It borders Xilin Gol to the north and west, Tongliao to the northeast, Chaoyang prefecture of Liaoning province to the southeast, and Chengde prefecture of Hebei province to the south. The city has a total administrative area of 90,275 square kilometres (34,855 sq mi) and has a population of 4,341,245 inhabitants. As of the 2010 census, 1,094,970 of these residents reside within in the urban core districts of Hongshan, Yuanbaoshan and Songshan even though a large part of Songshan is still rural.
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Mongolian Wikipedia. (January 2013)|
|#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Hongshan District||红山区||Hóngshān Qū||434,785||170||1,765|
|2||Yuanbaoshan District||元宝山区||Yuánbǎoshān Qū||325,170||887||327|
|3||Songshan District||松山区||Sōngshān Qū||573,571||5,955||91|
|4||Ningcheng County||宁城县||Níngchéng Xiàn||546,845||4,305||139|
|5||Linxi County||林西县||Línxī Xiàn||200,619||3,933||61|
|6||Ar Khorchin Banner||阿鲁科尔沁旗||Ālǔkē'ěrqìn Qí||272,205||14,555||21|
|7||Baarin Left Banner||巴林左旗||Bālín Zuǒ Qí||327,765||6,713||52|
|8||Baarin Right Banner||巴林右旗||Bālín Yòu Qí||175,543||9,837||18|
|9||Hexigten Banner||克什克腾旗||Kèshíkèténg Qí||211,155||20,673||12|
|10||Ongniud Banner||翁牛特旗||Wēngniútè Qí||433,298||11,882||40|
|11||Kharchin Banner||喀喇沁旗||Kālāqìn Qí||293,246||3,071||120|
|12||Aohan Banner||敖汉旗||Áohàn Qi||547,043||8,294||71|
In 2004, Chifeng had 4,435,737 inhabitants (49.14 per km²).
According to archeology studies, human existence in the Chifeng area can be traced back almost ten thousand years, and the cultural history can be traced back nearly eight thousand years. The representative ruins and relics of Hongshan Culture, Grassland Bronze Culture, Qindan Nationality-Liao Culture and Mongolian-Yuan Culture have been discovered in Chifeng. The ruins of an ancient village, named Xinglonggou, are regarded as “the first village of China” by historians. The biggest jade dragon unearthed in the area is known as “the first dragon of China”. The discovery of ruins and relics of ancient cultures have come from more than 6,800 sites. Chifeng was the political, economic and cultural center of the Liao Dynasty, therefore, the amount of ruins and relics of the Liao Dynasty in Chifeng is ranked the most important in China.
Chifeng is situated along the upper reaches of the Xiliao River. Within its area are the southwesternmost extension of the Greater Khingan, the Inner Mongolia Plateau (zh:内蒙古高原) as well as the Xiliao River Plain, and finally the northernmost extent of the Yan Mountains. Bordering prefecture-level divisions are Tongliao to the northeast, Chaoyang (Liaoning) to the southeast, Chengde (Hebei) to the south, and the Xilingol League and to the west. From north to south Chifeng City stretches 457.5 km (284.3 mi), while from east to west it stretches 375 km (233 mi). Elevations decrease from a high of 2,067 m (6,781 ft) in the west to less than 300 m (980 ft) in the east.
Chifeng has a four-season, monsoon-influenced, continental steppe climate (Köppen BSk), with long, cold, windy, but dry winters, and hot, humid summers. Monthly mean temperatures range from −10.7 °C (12.7 °F) in January to 23.6 °C (74.5 °F) in July, with an annual mean of 7.49 °C (45.5 °F). Nearly half of the year's rainfall occurs in July and August, and even then dry and sunny weather dominates in the city.
|Climate data for Chifeng (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||−3.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−16.3
|Precipitation mm (inches)||1.6
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||1.8||1.8||2.7||4.1||7.8||12.1||14.2||10.4||7.0||4.5||2.6||1.1||70.1|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||205.1||210.1||254.4||259.2||281.0||263.6||254.0||255.3||251.4||241.1||201.0||189.6||2,865.8|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
In mineral resources, there are over 70 mineral deposits. The area is rich in coal, oil and gas; nonferrous metal and ferrous mental, namely iron, tin, zinc, lead, gold, silver, molybdenum etc. have large reserves. Non-metal minerals include limestone, marble, fluorspar, silica, pearlite, bentonite etc.
In agricultural and animal husbandry products, besides the dominant crops of corn, rice, millet, there are cash crops like beans, buckwheat, oil-used sunflower seeds, sugar beets, tobacco, and Chinese herbals. Yearly yield of grains can reach 6 billion Jin. The facility agriculture featured by greenhouse and cold-keeping shed has come to 220,000mu. The area of natural grassland in the municipality is over 8,900mu. The raising livestock is over 14 million all over the municipality.
In wind and water resources, there are many large and ideal national-grade wind power plants, and more than 60 large and middle size reservoirs. The ground water amounts to 5 billion m3.
Major industries include finance, insurance, telecommunications, distribution, logistics, hotels and restaurants, leisure and entertainment. High-tech industrial zone spans 24 km2 (9.3 sq mi).
During the period of “the 10th Five-Year Plan”, Chifeng conducted the strategy of “found the municipality by ecology, strengthen the municipality by industry, prosper the municipality by science and education”, by strengthening the development of resources, and seizing the historic opportunity of Western Development.
Following the strategy, Chifeng started tightening up ecological and infrastructure construction, actively promoting the process of agricultural and animal husbandry industrialization, industrialization and urbanization, greatly encouraging the development of service industry and county-level economy, trying to expand the general economy volume, increasing industry level, enhancing the core competition.
As a result, the social economy got fast development. Currently, the industrial economic system dominated with minerals, energy, medicines and foods and the agricultural and animal husbandry industrialization development structure dominated with meat, milk, vegetables and grass in Chifeng has been initially taking into shape. Chifeng has become the base of agriculture and animal husbandry and industry of the eastern part of Inner Mongolia. Compared with those of the end of “the 9th Five-Year Plan”, GDP of the municipality, average regional GDP and the fiscal income doubled, the investment of fixed asset quadrupled.
In 2005, GDP of the municipality reached 34.56 billion Yuan, fiscal income reached 3.15 billion Yuan, the investment of fixed asset reached 23.1 billion Yuan, the general retail amount of social consumption reached 13.7 billion Yuan, the urban per capita disposable income came to 7,572 Yuan and average pure income of farmers and herdsmen was 2,817 Yuan. Chifeng had been cited as “Pacesetter of National Sand Control and Ecological Construction”, “National Sanitary City”, “National Model City of supporting army and cherishing the people”, ‘National Perfect Tourism City”, “National perfect City in Social Security”, “Perfect Area of Spiritual Civilization” and “China’s 50 Credit security areas in investment environment”.
During “11th Five-Year Plan”, Chifeng is further conducting the development strategy of “found the municipality by ecology, strengthen the municipality by industry, prosper the municipality by science and education”, by speeding up the process of new type industrialization, Agriculture and animal husbandry industrialization and urbanization, putting stress on industrial economy, project construction and investment introduction, in order to conscientiously increase fiscal income, average income of urban residents and farmers, try to create harmonious Chifeng.
It is planned that, by 2010, GDP will come to 85 billion Yuan, by around 20% up averagely; fiscal income will come to 10 billion Yuan, around 26% up averagely. Through the fast development during “11th Five-year Plan”, Chifeng will be built as a producing base of green agricultural and animal husbandry products, energy supply base accessing to northeastern and northern China, important raw material and deep-processing base of nonferrous metal, tourism site of grassland, central city and goods interflow center between Inner Mongolia and Hebei.
Air: Chifeng Airport
Chifeng is a transport hub connecting the east and west area of Inner Mongolia.
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