|Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie|
Adichie in 2008
15 September 1977 |
Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria
|Occupation||Novelist, short story writer, nonfiction writer|
|Notable works||Purple Hibiscus
Half of a Yellow Sun
|Notable awards||MacArthur Fellowship (2008)|
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie (i/ /;[note 1] born 15 September 1977) is a Nigerian novelist, nonfiction writer and short story writer. A MacArthur Genius Grant recipient, Adichie has been called "the most prominent" of a "procession of critically acclaimed young anglophone authors [that] is succeeding in attracting a new generation of readers to African literature".
Adichie, who was born in the city of Enugu, grew up the fifth of six children in an Igbo family in the university town of Nsukka. Nsukka is in southeastern Nigeria, where the University of Nigeria is situated. While she was growing up, her father, James Nwoye Adichie, was a professor of statistics at the university, and her mother, Grace Ifeoma, was the university's first female registrar. Her family's ancestral village is in Abba in Anambra State.
Adichie studied medicine and pharmacy at the University of Nigeria for a year and a half. During this period, she edited The Compass, a magazine run by the university's Catholic medical students. At the age of 19, Adichie left Nigeria for the United States to study communications and political science at Drexel University in Philadelphia. She soon transferred to Eastern Connecticut State University to be near her sister, who had a medical practice in Coventry. She received a bachelor's degree from Eastern, with the distinction of summa cum laude in 2001.
Adichie was a Hodder fellow at Princeton University during the 2005–06 academic year. In 2008 she was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship. She has also been awarded a 2011–12 fellowship by the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University.
Adichie divides her time between Nigeria, where she teaches writing workshops, and the United States. In 2016, she was conferred an honorary degree - Doctor of Humane letters, honoris causa, by Johns Hopkins University.
In 2003, her story "That Harmattan Morning" was selected as a joint winner of the BBC Short Story Awards, and she won the O. Henry prize for "The American Embassy". She also won the David T. Wong International Short Story Prize 2002/2003 (PEN Center Award).
Her first novel, Purple Hibiscus (2003), received wide critical acclaim; it was shortlisted for the Orange Prize for Fiction (2004) and was awarded the Commonwealth Writers' Prize for Best First Book (2005).
Her second novel, Half of a Yellow Sun (2006), named after the flag of the short-lived nation of Biafra, is set before and during the Nigerian Civil War. It received the 2007 Orange Prize for Fiction and the Anisfield-Wolf Book Award. Half of a Yellow Sun has been adapted into a film of the same title directed by Biyi Bandele, starring BAFTA winner and Academy Award nominee Chiwetel Ejiofor and BAFTA award-winner Thandie Newton, and was released in 2014.
Her third book, The Thing Around Your Neck (2009), is a collection of twelve dazzling stories that explore the ties that bind men and women, parents and children, Africa and the United States.
In 2015, she was co-curator of the PEN World Voices Festival.
Adichie says on feminism and writing, "I think of myself as a storyteller, but I would not mind at all if someone were to think of me as a feminist writer... I'm very feminist in the way I look at the world, and that world view must somehow be part of my work."
Adichie spoke on "The Danger of a Single Story" for TED in 2009. On 15 March 2012, she delivered the "Connecting Cultures" Commonwealth Lecture 2012 at the Guildhall, London. Adichie also spoke on being a feminist for TEDxEuston in December 2012, with her speech entitled, "We should all be feminists". This speech was sampled for the 2013 song "***Flawless" by American performer Beyoncé, where it attracted further attention.
Aforementioned, Adichie spoke in a TED talk entitled "The Danger of a Single Story" posted in October 2009. In it, she expresses her concern for underrepresentation of various cultures. She explains that as a young child, she had often read American and British stories, where the characters were primarily caucasian.
Adichie illustrates her ideology that the underrepresentation of cultural differences may be dangerous, "Now, I loved those American and British books I read. They stirred my imagination. They opened up new worlds for me. But the unintended consequence was that I did not know that people like me could exist in literature." 
Throughout the lecture, she uses personal anecdotes to exemplify the importance of sharing different stories. Adichie briefly discusses their houseboy, Fide, and how she only knew of how poor their family was. When Adichie's family visited Fide's village, Fide's mother showed them a basket that Fide's brother had made. "It had not occurred to me that anybody in his family could actually make something. All I had heard about them was how poor they were, so that it had become impossible for me to see them as anything else but poor. Their poverty was my single story of them." She also shares that when leaving Nigeria to go Drexel University, she encountered the effects of the underrepresentation of her own culture. Her American roommate was surprised Adichie was fluent in English and that she did not listen to tribal music. She analyzes the significance in this, "My roommate had a single story of Africa: a single story of catastrophe. In this single story, there was no possibility of Africans being similar to her in any way, no possibility of feelings more complex than pity, no possibility of a connection as human equals." 
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie concludes the lecture by noting the significance of different stories in various cultures and the representation that they deserve. She advocates for a greater understanding of stories because people are complex. By only understanding a single story, misinterpret people, their backgrounds, and their histories.
In 2013, Adichie delivered a TEDx talk titled: "We should all be feminists." She shared her experiences of being an African feminist, and her views on gender construction and sexuality. Adichie believes that the problem with gender is that it shapes who we are. She says, "I am angry. Gender as it functions today is a grave injustice. We should all be angry. Anger has a long history of bringing about positive change, but in addition to being angry, I’m also hopeful because I believe deeply in the ability of human beings to make and remake themselves for the better." 
Parts of Adichie's TED talk were sampled in Beyoncé's song "Flawless" in December 2013. Speaking of the performance during an interview with NPR.org, Adichie commented that "anything that gets young people talking about feminism is a very good thing." Responding to critiques of Beyoncé's feminist credentials in another interview, Adichie asserted that "Whoever says they’re feminist is bloody feminist." 
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's sampled talk parts in Beyoncé's song "Flawless" (Note: The parts contribute so significantly to the song lyrics that Adichie takes on the description of featuring artist on the track):
We teach girls to shrink themselves, to make themselves smaller
We say to girls: "You can have ambition, but not too much
You should aim to be successful, but not too successful
Otherwise, you will threaten the man"
Because I am female, I am expected to aspire to marriage
I am expected to make my life choices
Always keeping in mind that marriage is the most important
Now, marriage can be a source of joy and love and mutual support
But why do we teach girls to aspire to marriage
And we don't teach boys the same?
We raise girls to see each other as competitors
Not for jobs or for accomplishments, which I think can be a good thing
But for the attention of men
We teach girls that they cannot be sexual beings in the way that boys are
Feminist: a person who believes in the social
Political, and economic equality of the sexes
In another interview with Dutch magazine, De Volkskrant, Adichie discusses why she waited so long before commenting on her contribution to Beyoncé's Flawless. She said, "Another thing I hated was that I read everywhere: now people finally know her, thanks to Beyoncé, or: she must be very grateful. I found that disappointing. I thought: I am a writer and I have been for some time and I refuse to perform in this charade that is now apparently expected of me: 'Thanks to Beyoncé, my life will never be the same again.' That's why I didn't speak about it much." She also asserts that Beyoncé's feminism is not reflective of her own feminist values. She said, "Her [Beyoncé] type of feminism is not mine, as it is the kind that, at the same time, gives quite a lot of space to the necessity of men. I think men are lovely, but I don't think that women should relate everything they do to men: did he hurt me, do I forgive him, did he put a ring on my finger? We women are so conditioned to relate everything to men." At the core of feminism is the argument that women should be able to exist and be recognized as independent people apart from men, but in a partriarchal society, they are unable to because their existence has been inseparable from men--until now. Adichie's arguments on Beyoncé's feminism may be derived from Beyoncé's album, LEMONADE, which can be understood from a feminist lens, however it is not as radical because at the core of the album is her emotional, physical, and mental struggles with a man.
|2002||Caine Prize for African Writing||"You in America"||Nominated[A]|
|Commonwealth Short Story Competition||"The Tree in Grandma's Garden"||Nominated[B]|
|BBCmeasuring Competition||"That Harmattan Morning"||Won[C]|
|2002/2003||David T. Wong International Short Story Prize (PEN American Center Award)||"Half of a Yellow Sun||Won|
|2003||O. Henry Prize||"The American Embassy"||Won|
|2004||Hurston-Wright Legacy Award: Best Debut Fiction Category||Purple Hibiscus||Won|
|Young Adult Library Services Association Best Books for Young Adults Award||Nominated|
|2004/2005||John Llewellyn Rhys Prize||Nominated[A]|
|2005||Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best First Book (Africa)||Won|
|Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best First Book (overall)||Won|
|2006||National Book Critics Circle Award||Half of a Yellow Sun||Nominated|
|2007||British Book Awards: "Richard & Judy Best Read of the Year" category||Nominated|
|James Tait Black Memorial Prize||Nominated|
|Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best Book (Africa)||Nominated[A]|
|Anisfield-Wolf Book Award: Fiction category||Won[C]|
|PEN Beyond Margins Award||Won[C]|
|Orange Broadband Prize: Fiction category||Won|
|2008||International Impac Dublin Award||Herself||Nominated|
|Reader's Digest Author of the Year Award||Won|
|Future Award, Nigeria: Young Person of the Year category||Won|
|MacArthur Foundation Genius Grant||Won|
|2009||International Nonino Prize||Won|
|Frank O'Connor International Short Story Award||The Thing Around Your Neck||Nominated[D]|
|John Llewellyn Rhys Prize||Nominated[A]|
|2010||Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best Book (Africa)||Nominated[A]|
|Dayton Literary Peace Prize||Nominated[B]|
|2011||ThisDay Awards: "New Champions for an Enduring Culture" category||Herself||Nominated|
|2013||Chicago Tribune Heartland Prize: Fiction category||Americanah||Won|
|National Book Critics Circle Award: Fiction category||Won|
|2014||Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction||Nominated[A]|
|Andrew Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Fiction||Nominated[A]|
|MTV Africa Music Awards 2014: Personality of the Year||Herself||Nominated|
|2015||Grammy Award: Album of the Year||BEYONCÉ||Nominated|
|International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award||Americanah||Nominated[A]|
|"Checking out"||2013||Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi (18 March 2013). "Checking out". The New Yorker. 89 (5): 66–73.|
|"Apollo"||2015||Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi (13 April 2015). "Apollo". The New Yorker. 91 (8): 64–69.|
|"‘The Arrangements’: A Work of Fiction"||2016||Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi (3 July 2016). "'The Arrangements': A Work of Short Fiction". The New York Times Book Review.|
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