|Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie|
Adichie in 2008
15 September 1977 |
Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria
|Occupation||Novelist, short story writer, nonfiction writer|
|Notable works||Purple Hibiscus
Half of a Yellow Sun
|Notable awards||MacArthur Fellowship (2008)|
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie (i/ /;[note 1] born 15 September 1977) is a Nigerian novelist, nonfiction writer and short story writer. A MacArthur Genius Grant recipient, Adichie has been called "the most prominent" of a "procession of critically acclaimed young anglophone authors [that] is succeeding in attracting a new generation of readers to African literature".
Adichie, who was born in the city of Enugu, grew up the fifth of six children in an Igbo family in the university town of Nsukka in southeastern Nigeria, where the University of Nigeria is situated. While she was growing up, her father James Nwoye Adichie was a professor of statistics at the university, and her mother Grace Ifeoma was the university's first female registrar. Her family's ancestral village is in Abba in Anambra State.
Adichie studied medicine and pharmacy at the University of Nigeria for a year and a half. During this period, she edited The Compass, a magazine run by the university's Catholic medical students. At the age of 19, Adichie left Nigeria for the United States to study communications and political science at Drexel University in Philadelphia; she transferred to Eastern Connecticut State University to be near her sister, who had a medical practice in Coventry. She received a bachelor's degree from Eastern, with the distinction of summa cum laude in 2001.
Adichie was a Hodder fellow at Princeton University during the 2005–06 academic year. In 2008 she was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship. She has also been awarded a 2011–12 fellowship by the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University.
Adichie divides her time between Nigeria, where she teaches writing workshops, and the United States. In 2016,she was conferred an honorary degree - Doctor of Humane letters, honouris causa, by Johns Hopkins University.
In 2003, her story "That Harmattan Morning" was selected as a joint winner of the BBC Short Story Awards, and she won the O. Henry prize for "The American Embassy". She also won the David T. Wong International Short Story Prize 2002/2003 (PEN Center Award).
Her first novel, Purple Hibiscus (2003), received wide critical acclaim; it was shortlisted for the Orange Prize for Fiction (2004) and was awarded the Commonwealth Writers' Prize for Best First Book (2005).
Her second novel, Half of a Yellow Sun, named after the flag of the short-lived nation of Biafra, is set before and during the Nigerian Civil War. It received the 2007 Orange Prize for Fiction and the Anisfield-Wolf Book Award. Half of a Yellow Sun has been adapted into a film of the same title directed by Biyi Bandele, starring BAFTA winner and Academy Award nominee Chiwetel Ejiofor and BAFTA award-winner Thandie Newton, and was released in 2014.
Her third book, The Thing Around Your Neck (2009), is a collection of short stories.
In 2015, she was co-curator of the PEN World Voices Festival.
Adichie says on feminism and writing, "I think of myself as a storyteller, but I would not mind at all if someone were to think of me as a feminist writer... I'm very feminist in the way I look at the world, and that world view must somehow be part of my work."
Adichie spoke on "The Danger of a Single Story" for TED in 2009. On 15 March 2012, she delivered the "Connecting Cultures" Commonwealth Lecture 2012 at the Guildhall, London. Adichie also spoke on being a feminist for TEDxEuston in December 2012, with her speech entitled, "We should all be feminists". This speech was sampled for the 2013 song "***Flawless" by American performer Beyoncé, where it attracted further attention.
"We should all be feminists" was a TEDx talk that was given by Adichie in 2013. She shared her experiences of being an African feminist, and her views on gender construction and sexuality. Adichie believes that the problem with gender is that it shapes who we are.
"I am angry. Gender as it functions today is a grave injustice. We should all be angry. Anger has a long history of bringing about positive change, but in addition to being angry, I’m also hopeful because I believe deeply in the ability of human beings to make and remake themselves for the better." 
Parts of Adichie's talk were sampled in Beyoncé's song "Flawless" in December 2013. Speaking of the performance during an interview with NPR.org, Adichie commented that "anything that gets young people talking about feminism is a very good thing." Responding to critiques of Beyoncé's feminist credentials in another interview, Adichie asserted that "Whoever says they’re feminist is bloody feminist." 
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's sampled talk parts in Beyoncé's song "Flawless" (Note: The parts contribute so significantly to the song lyrics that Adichie takes on the description of featuring artist on the track):
We teach girls to shrink themselves, to make themselves smaller
We say to girls: "You can have ambition, but not too much
You should aim to be successful, but not too successful
Otherwise, you will threaten the man"
Because I am female, I am expected to aspire to marriage
I am expected to make my life choices
Always keeping in mind that marriage is the most important
Now, marriage can be a source of joy and love and mutual support
But why do we teach girls to aspire to marriage
And we don't teach boys the same?
We raise girls to see each other as competitors
Not for jobs or for accomplishments, which I think can be a good thing
But for the attention of men
We teach girls that they cannot be sexual beings in the way that boys are
Feminist: a person who believes in the social
Political, and economic equality of the sexes
|2002||Caine Prize for African Writing||"You in America"||Nominated[A]|
|Commonwealth Short Story Competition||"The Tree in Grandma's Garden"||Nominated[B]|
|BBC Short Story Competition||"That Harmattan Morning"||Won[C]|
|2002/2003||David T. Wong International Short Story Prize (PEN American Center Award)||"Half of a Yellow Sun"||Won|
|2003||O. Henry Prize||"The American Embassy"||Won|
|2004||Hurston-Wright Legacy Award: Best Debut Fiction Category||Purple Hibiscus||Won|
|Young Adult Library Services Association Best Books for Young Adults Award||Nominated|
|2004/2005||John Llewellyn Rhys Prize||Nominated[A]|
|2005||Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best First Book (Africa)||Won|
|Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best First Book (overall)||Won|
|2006||National Book Critics Circle Award||Half of a Yellow Sun||Nominated|
|2007||British Book Awards: "Richard & Judy Best Read of the Year" category||Nominated|
|James Tait Black Memorial Prize||Nominated|
|Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best Book (Africa)||Nominated[A]|
|Anisfield-Wolf Book Award: Fiction category||Won[C]|
|PEN Beyond Margins Award||Won[C]|
|Orange Broadband Prize: Fiction category||Won|
|2008||International Impac Dublin Award||Herself||Nominated|
|Reader's Digest Author of the Year Award||Won|
|Future Award, Nigeria: Young Person of the Year category||Won|
|MacArthur Foundation Genius Grant||Won|
|2009||International Nonino Prize||Won|
|Frank O'Connor International Short Story Award||The Thing Around Your Neck||Nominated[D]|
|John Llewellyn Rhys Prize||Nominated[A]|
|2010||Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best Book (Africa)||Nominated[A]|
|Dayton Literary Peace Prize||Nominated[B]|
|2011||ThisDay Awards: "New Champions for an Enduring Culture" category||Herself||Nominated|
|2013||Chicago Tribune Heartland Prize: Fiction category||Americanah||Won|
|National Book Critics Circle Award: Fiction category||Won|
|2014||Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction||Nominated[A]|
|Andrew Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Fiction||Nominated[A]|
|MTV Africa Music Awards 2014: Personality of the Year||Herself||Nominated|
|2015||Grammy Award: Album of the Year||BEYONCÉ||Nominated|
|International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award||Americanah||Nominated[A]|
|"Checking out"||2013||Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi (March 18, 2013). "Checking out". The New Yorker 89 (5): 66–73.|
|"Apollo"||2015||Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi (April 13, 2015). "Apollo". The New Yorker 91 (8): 64–69.|
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