Play Video
1
Communists, Nationalists, and China
Communists, Nationalists, and China's Revolutions: Crash Course World History #37
::2012/10/04::
Play Video
2
Mao
Mao's China - One Man's Revolution - BBC 20th Century History File
::2011/09/28::
Play Video
3
Mao Tse-Tung: The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party
Mao Tse-Tung: The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party
::2013/11/26::
Play Video
4
The Chinese Communist Revolution
The Chinese Communist Revolution
::2013/03/15::
Play Video
5
The Bloody History of China - CIA Cold War Documentary on a Communist Empire_Full Length Film (1967)
The Bloody History of China - CIA Cold War Documentary on a Communist Empire_Full Length Film (1967)
::2013/02/14::
Play Video
6
Communist takeover of China
Communist takeover of China
::2008/06/26::
Play Video
7
Chinese Communist Revolution review video
Chinese Communist Revolution review video
::2013/05/07::
Play Video
8
Liederen over de Chinese Communistische Revolutie / Songs of the Chinese Communist Revolution
Liederen over de Chinese Communistische Revolutie / Songs of the Chinese Communist Revolution
::2014/01/16::
Play Video
9
Chinese Communist Revolution
Chinese Communist Revolution
::2011/06/16::
Play Video
10
China Culture Revolution Public Execution & Impact www.Youtube.com/TibetArchive
China Culture Revolution Public Execution & Impact www.Youtube.com/TibetArchive
::2010/02/27::
Play Video
11
Chinese communist revolution red army 1927 路漫漫 唐國強 紅軍
Chinese communist revolution red army 1927 路漫漫 唐國強 紅軍
::2012/01/22::
Play Video
12
Nuclear Attack on America - Communist revolution in the USA - then China, Russia invasion
Nuclear Attack on America - Communist revolution in the USA - then China, Russia invasion
::2013/10/16::
Play Video
13
The Rise of Communism in China - (Documentary)
The Rise of Communism in China - (Documentary)
::2013/02/26::
Play Video
14
Mao and the Chinese Communist Revolution
Mao and the Chinese Communist Revolution
::2007/12/20::
Play Video
15
Chinese Communist Revolution Video Project
Chinese Communist Revolution Video Project
::2009/05/17::
Play Video
16
1949 Chinese Communist Revolution
1949 Chinese Communist Revolution
::2013/05/23::
Play Video
17
Brutal Chinese Communist Party Cannibalism in Chinese Cultural Revolution
Brutal Chinese Communist Party Cannibalism in Chinese Cultural Revolution
::2010/03/25::
Play Video
18
Unconquerable Tibet - Chinese Invasion of Tibet in 1950 and the Anti-Communist Revolt | Documentary
Unconquerable Tibet - Chinese Invasion of Tibet in 1950 and the Anti-Communist Revolt | Documentary
::2013/09/28::
Play Video
19
Mao Zedong and China
Mao Zedong and China's Cultural Revolution (Full Documentary)
::2013/08/26::
Play Video
20
Not Afraid - Chinese Communist Revolution-Inspired
Not Afraid - Chinese Communist Revolution-Inspired
::2013/02/03::
Play Video
21
Declassified - Chairman Mao - China - Communist Part 1
Declassified - Chairman Mao - China - Communist Part 1
::2010/05/08::
Play Video
22
Jasmine Revolution in China People
Jasmine Revolution in China People's Uprising Against Communist Dictators.mp4
::2011/02/22::
Play Video
23
Communist Revolution in China (Cold War).wmv
Communist Revolution in China (Cold War).wmv
::2010/11/17::
Play Video
24
The Cultural Foundations of Chinese Communism - Lecture by Elizabeth Perry
The Cultural Foundations of Chinese Communism - Lecture by Elizabeth Perry
::2013/04/17::
Play Video
25
The 1911 revolution in communist Chinese propaganda
The 1911 revolution in communist Chinese propaganda
::2013/10/18::
Play Video
26
Chinese Communist Revolution Final
Chinese Communist Revolution Final
::2013/02/28::
Play Video
27
The Lost World of Communism - Part 3 - Romanian Revolution & Life in Communist Romania
The Lost World of Communism - Part 3 - Romanian Revolution & Life in Communist Romania
::2013/05/08::
Play Video
28
News Worldwide Revolution Against China Communist
News Worldwide Revolution Against China Communist
::2008/04/23::
Play Video
29
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China by Brother Hao
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China by Brother Hao
::2012/01/11::
Play Video
30
Communist Revolution in China Pub
Communist Revolution in China Pub
::2009/02/19::
Play Video
31
Mass Execution -more communist crimes
Mass Execution -more communist crimes
::2014/01/31::
Play Video
32
Crash Course World History: Communist Revolutions in China and Russia
Crash Course World History: Communist Revolutions in China and Russia
::2014/06/04::
Play Video
33
CUBA BEFORE FIDEL CASTRO COMMUNIST REVOLUTION PART 4/12
CUBA BEFORE FIDEL CASTRO COMMUNIST REVOLUTION PART 4/12
::2010/03/11::
Play Video
34
Monty Python: Party Hints and Communist Revolutions
Monty Python: Party Hints and Communist Revolutions
::2008/01/08::
Play Video
35
Communist Revolution
Communist Revolution
::2011/07/26::
Play Video
36
The Cuban Revolution & Fidel Castro
The Cuban Revolution & Fidel Castro's Communist Regime in Cuba | Cold War Footage | Full Documentary
::2013/07/29::
Play Video
37
Communist China - Social and Economic Life - Agriculture & Culture - 1960s
Communist China - Social and Economic Life - Agriculture & Culture - 1960s
::2014/04/23::
Play Video
38
No Communist Party, No New China  ,The Russian Revolution  ,No Motherland Without You
No Communist Party, No New China ,The Russian Revolution ,No Motherland Without You
::2010/10/18::
Play Video
39
TEDx Great Wall - Raquel Martins Growing up in Communist China.mp4
TEDx Great Wall - Raquel Martins Growing up in Communist China.mp4
::2011/07/10::
Play Video
40
Rise of the Communism | 1905-1961 | Documentary on the History of Communism and the Soviet Union
Rise of the Communism | 1905-1961 | Documentary on the History of Communism and the Soviet Union
::2014/03/27::
Play Video
41
The East Is Getting Red: a Cultural Revolution song
The East Is Getting Red: a Cultural Revolution song
::2009/06/05::
Play Video
42
9 Communist Rules for Revolution
9 Communist Rules for Revolution
::2009/09/03::
Play Video
43
Communist Revolution Part 1
Communist Revolution Part 1
::2013/01/07::
Play Video
44
Mao Zedong (Tse-tung) - Chinese Revolutionary, Leader of Communist Party
Mao Zedong (Tse-tung) - Chinese Revolutionary, Leader of Communist Party
::2009/09/30::
Play Video
45
Mao
Mao's Revolution: What Remains
::2008/01/31::
Play Video
46
Capitalism and Socialism: Crash Course World History #33
Capitalism and Socialism: Crash Course World History #33
::2012/09/06::
Play Video
47
OCCUPY MOVEMENT  FOR COMMUNIST BLOODY REVOLUTION PART 2
OCCUPY MOVEMENT FOR COMMUNIST BLOODY REVOLUTION PART 2
::2012/07/20::
Play Video
48
The Communist Revolution
The Communist Revolution
::2010/05/07::
Play Video
49
Greek Revolution communist music
Greek Revolution communist music
::2012/02/14::
Play Video
50
Chinese Communist Party Cannibals and Cultural Revolution
Chinese Communist Party Cannibals and Cultural Revolution
::2010/01/20::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Chinese Revolution (1949))
Jump to: navigation, search
Chinese Communist Revolution
Part of the Chinese Civil War
People's Liberation Army occupied the presidential palace 1949.jpg
People's Liberation Army occupied the Presidential Palace in Nanjing. April, 1949
Date 1946–1950
Location China
Result
Belligerents
Flag of the Chinese Communist Party.svg Communist Party

People's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Communist Militia
After 1947:
People's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Liberation Army
 People's Republic of China After Oct.1, 1949

 Republic of China

Republic of China Army Flag.svg National Revolutionary Army
After 1947:
Republic of China Army Flag.svg Republic of China Armed Forces
 Republic of China

Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Chinese Communist Party.svg Flag of the People's Republic of China.svgMao Zedong Chairman

Flag of the Chinese Communist Party.svg Flag of the People's Republic of China.svgZhu De Commander

Taiwan Chiang Kai-shek Generalissimo
Strength
1,270,000 (1945-09)[1]
2,800,000 (1948-06)
4,000,000 (1949-06)
4,300,000 (1946-07)
3,650,000 (1948-06)
1,490,000 (1949-06)
Casualties and losses
250,000 in three campaigns 1.5 million in three campaigns[2]

The Chinese Communist Revolution or The 1949 Revolution was the culmination of the Chinese Communist Party's drive to power since its founding in 1921 and the second part of Chinese Civil War (1946–1949). In the official media, this period is known as the War of Liberation (simplified Chinese: 解放战争; traditional Chinese: 解放戰爭; pinyin: Jiěfàng Zhànzhēng).

Historical background[edit]

Survivors of the Long March coalesce

On the eve of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, the Kuomintang or Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT), and the Communist Party of China (CPC) joined in a United Front against Japan. After the entrance of the United States into the war after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the two sides maintained the formal alliance, but fought each other on several occasions. In 1945, Stalin's troops invaded from Soviet Outer Manchuria as part of its declaration of war against Japan. After the Japanese surrender in August, the Americans attempted to broker a coalition government in China, but an all-out war between these two forces soon resumed.

The Civil War, 1946–1949[edit]

The Nationalists had an advantage in both troops and weapons, controlled a much larger territory and population, and enjoyed world support. The communists were well established in the north and northwest. During the war they had built up networks of local governments and village party leaders who appealed to patriotism rather than class struggle. The best trained Nationalist troops had been lost in early battles against the better equipped Japanese army and in Burma, while the communists had suffered less severe losses. The Soviet Union, though distrustful, provided aid to the communists, and the United States assisted the Nationalists with hundreds of millions of dollars worth of military supplies, as well as the airlifting Nationalist troops from central China to Manchuria, an area Chiang Kai-Shek saw as strategically vital to retake. Chiang determined to confront the PLA in Manchuria and committed his troops in one decisive battle in the autumn of 1948. The strength of communist side is 1.27 million regulars and 2.68 million militias in Sept. 1945.[3] The strength of Nationalist troops in July 1946 is 4.3 million, of which 2.2 million are well-trained and ready for country-wide mobilie combat[4][5][6](Some of nationalist troops are poorly trained and equipped).[7][8] The loss of the battle and of important troops was the military turning point. Mao then called for a return to radical land policies which built support among activists. Under generals such as General Lin Biao the PLA had grown beyond the strategy of people's war outlined by Mao and engaged in full-scale conventional war. The Huaihai Campaign of late 1948 and early 1949 in which roughly a million soldiers fought on either side and the decisive battles on the plains gave the PLA complete control over North China.

The Nationalist government also sought to enlist popular support through internal reforms and suppress dissent. The effort failed because of rampant corruption and political and economic chaos. Political repression further alienated liberal and urban elites who had been skeptical of communism. Massive hyperinflation destroyed the middle class which had been the main support of the government. By late 1948 the Nationalist position was extremely bleak. In January 1949, Peking, then known as Beiping, surrendered to the PLA without a fight. Between April and November, major cities passed from Nationalist to Communist control with minimal resistance.

Casualties[edit]

Mainland China for half a century had boasted a 8.07 million of combat success over Nationalist Army. The number includes killing, injuring, taking prisoners and accepting defecting troops. In the 21st century the number had risen to 10.65 million, after integrating combat merits of conflicts from Sep. 1945 to the outbreak of war and anti-bandits combats which continued to the 1950s.[9]

Result[edit]

On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the People's Republic of China. Chiang Kai-shek, 600,000 Nationalist troops, and about two million Nationalist-sympathizer refugees retreated to the island of Taiwan. After that, resistance to the Communists on the mainland was substantial but scattered, such as in the far south. An attempt to take the Nationalist-controlled island of Kinmen was thwarted in the Battle of Kuningtou. In December 1949 Chiang proclaimed Taipei, Taiwan the temporary capital of the Republic, and continued to assert his government as the sole legitimate authority of all China, while the PRC government continued to call for the unification of all China. The last direct fighting between Nationalist and Communist forces ended with the communist capture of Hainan Island in May 1950, though shelling and guerrilla raids continued for a number of years. The outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950 led the American government to place the Fifth Fleet in the Taiwan Straits, which kept each side from attacking the other.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://news.sohu.com/20081024/n260231630.shtml
  2. ^ Michael Lynch (2010). The Chinese Civil War 1945-49. Osprey Publishing. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-84176-671-3. 
  3. ^ 中国缘何未参加驻日占领军 候选部队内战被歼灭
  4. ^ 中华民国国民政府军政职官人物志 P374
  5. ^ 国民革命与统一建设: 20世纪初孙中山及国共人物的奋斗 P12
  6. ^ 国民革命与黃埔军校: 纪念黃埔军校建校80周年学術论文集P450
  7. ^ 铁血铸盾 P116
  8. ^ 国民党在台湾 P182
  9. ^ 張作錦 (2008-03-06). "國共內戰軍民究竟死亡多少?" (in Traditional Chinese). 聯合報. p. E3版. "可是依照近年新編出版的《中國人民解放軍各野戰軍戰史資料》的統計,第一野戰軍殲敵64.8萬人,二野330萬人,三野247萬人,四野323萬人,軍委直屬華北軍區也有101萬的“成績”,合計是1065.8萬。" 
  • Franke, W., A Century of Chinese Revolution, 1851-1949 (Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1970).
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014