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Tutorial: How to Make an Easy Roman Chiton
Tutorial: How to Make an Easy Roman Chiton
Published: 2012/11/08
Channel: theSCAeveryday
Ancient World Rome - DIY Costume Chiton- Action Cosplay Römerfest 2016
Ancient World Rome - DIY Costume Chiton- Action Cosplay Römerfest 2016
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Fräulein Film
How to Make a Chiton, a Toga and Peplos of 1 Dress, and How To wear it!
How to Make a Chiton, a Toga and Peplos of 1 Dress, and How To wear it!
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: darin bruck
How to Make a Greek Chiton
How to Make a Greek Chiton
Published: 2013/09/27
Channel: Kay Holland
How To Make A Chiton
How To Make A Chiton
Published: 2014/07/30
Channel: Luke Ellery
GREEK ANCIEND DRESS -ΜΑΡΙΑ ΣΤΡΑΤΑΚΗ- ΑΡΧΑΙΟ ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΟ ΦΟΡΕΜΑ  - M.STARTHIEF -GREECE
GREEK ANCIEND DRESS -ΜΑΡΙΑ ΣΤΡΑΤΑΚΗ- ΑΡΧΑΙΟ ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΟ ΦΟΡΕΜΑ - M.STARTHIEF -GREECE
Published: 2013/10/13
Channel: ΜΑΡΙΑ ΣΤΡΑΤΑΚΗ
2 MINUTES GREEK GODDESS COSTUME NO SEWING *Reupload*
2 MINUTES GREEK GODDESS COSTUME NO SEWING *Reupload*
Published: 2014/09/16
Channel: Tracey Nguyen traceybeauty
Weekly Progress Log #4 : Sewing & Costumery
Weekly Progress Log #4 : Sewing & Costumery
Published: 2016/06/17
Channel: Angela Clayton
Halloween Costume DIY Greek Toga Fast and Easy Last-Minute
Halloween Costume DIY Greek Toga Fast and Easy Last-Minute
Published: 2009/10/31
Channel: junktostyler
Baring the Aegis - Ancient Hellenic Clothing [Hellenismos]
Baring the Aegis - Ancient Hellenic Clothing [Hellenismos]
Published: 2013/02/03
Channel: Elani Temperance
Iconic Chiton
Iconic Chiton
Published: 2017/09/18
Channel: Leslie Ramos
ACT Ottawa video topic:  Greek Costuming
ACT Ottawa video topic: Greek Costuming
Published: 2014/02/23
Channel: ACTOttawa
How to Wear Chiton, Peplos and Toga Dress!
How to Wear Chiton, Peplos and Toga Dress!
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: darin bruck
Greek/Roman Goddess/God costume Halloween DIY
Greek/Roman Goddess/God costume Halloween DIY
Published: 2014/10/18
Channel: Mika Chan Sailor
how to make a Greek outfit
how to make a Greek outfit
Published: 2013/03/29
Channel: Andys Ranch
Toga!  Toga!  Toga!  (How to Make a Toga From a Bed Sheet)
Toga! Toga! Toga! (How to Make a Toga From a Bed Sheet)
Published: 2008/01/19
Channel: Jonathon Stewart
Costume grecque (Grèce antique)
Costume grecque (Grèce antique)
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: cc love
DIY Greek Goddess Costume Easy Tutorial How To Make
DIY Greek Goddess Costume Easy Tutorial How To Make
Published: 2010/10/27
Channel: Ann Le {Anneorshine}
DIY Greek Goddess Hair Clip
DIY Greek Goddess Hair Clip
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Irene Rudnyk
The Toga - fun facts and tutorial of how to drape an authentic toga!
The Toga - fun facts and tutorial of how to drape an authentic toga!
Published: 2015/02/01
Channel: Leslie Yarmo
Make a 2 Minute Greek Goddess Costume
Make a 2 Minute Greek Goddess Costume
Published: 2009/09/29
Channel: thinkgreenlovepurple
DIY GREEK GODDESS HALLOWEEN COSTUME - NO SEW
DIY GREEK GODDESS HALLOWEEN COSTUME - NO SEW
Published: 2013/10/01
Channel: TheSorryGirls
DIY Greek Goddess Costume l Hair Accessories & No Sew Toga
DIY Greek Goddess Costume l Hair Accessories & No Sew Toga
Published: 2013/10/28
Channel: x3Haha
how to make an ionic chiton out of a dinosaur bed sheet
how to make an ionic chiton out of a dinosaur bed sheet
Published: 2014/02/10
Channel: jkjgs
How to Make a Toga - Invisible Man Presents
How to Make a Toga - Invisible Man Presents
Published: 2013/02/04
Channel: The Invisible Man - HowStuffWorks
Doric Chiton Spring Dress
Doric Chiton Spring Dress
Published: 2011/03/31
Channel: HeyKayElle
THE ULTIMATE FASHION HISTORY: Ancient Greece
THE ULTIMATE FASHION HISTORY: Ancient Greece
Published: 2015/11/29
Channel: The Ultimate Fashion History
How to tie a Toga
How to tie a Toga
Published: 2012/11/01
Channel: Anatacia Lua
How to make a toga with a bed sheet
How to make a toga with a bed sheet
Published: 2011/08/13
Channel: Danny F
HOA: Covering Up with a Greek Chiton!
HOA: Covering Up with a Greek Chiton!
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: Ama Sugiru
How to make a Toga (4 different ways)
How to make a Toga (4 different ways)
Published: 2008/05/14
Channel: Maybe1966
6 WAYS TO TIE A TOGA - With a single bed sheet
6 WAYS TO TIE A TOGA - With a single bed sheet
Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: Ammoywen
DIY Chiton WIP2
DIY Chiton WIP2
Published: 2016/05/30
Channel: Ama Sugiru
TUNICA, TOGA, STOLA, PALLA
TUNICA, TOGA, STOLA, PALLA
Published: 2012/10/16
Channel: Magistra Solomon
How to wear a toga
How to wear a toga
Published: 2013/07/19
Channel: Toronto Star
How to Make a Toga out of a Bedsheet?
How to Make a Toga out of a Bedsheet?
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: LIFE COACH
Make Greek Goddess Costume
Make Greek Goddess Costume
Published: 2010/10/23
Channel: The DIY Effect
How to tie/bind ancient Greek/Roman costume
How to tie/bind ancient Greek/Roman costume
Published: 2015/07/03
Channel: GarbTheWorld
How to make a Roman/Greek tunic
How to make a Roman/Greek tunic
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: Templar Knight
How to make a man toga
How to make a man toga
Published: 2011/07/05
Channel: Joey Leung
How To Make A Male Chiton With Scarves!!!!
How To Make A Male Chiton With Scarves!!!!
Published: 2016/03/24
Channel: Scarlett Huang
Making an Ancient Roman dress with tunic and palla
Making an Ancient Roman dress with tunic and palla
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: Danielle Fiore
DIY COSTUME | GREEK GODDESS TOGA DRESS & HALF CROWN
DIY COSTUME | GREEK GODDESS TOGA DRESS & HALF CROWN
Published: 2015/10/06
Channel: MYSTYLEDIARYY
How to Wrap a Roman Toga : Style Solutions
How to Wrap a Roman Toga : Style Solutions
Published: 2014/03/02
Channel: ehowbeauty
Traditional Greek costumes of north Evia
Traditional Greek costumes of north Evia
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: Προεπιλεγμένο όνομα
Greek Clothing-Man
Greek Clothing-Man
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: John Powell
greek dress and fashion
greek dress and fashion
Published: 2010/10/18
Channel: catstersx3
Simple No Sew Nativity Costume
Simple No Sew Nativity Costume
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: mmoest1995
How to Tie a Toga - boys
How to Tie a Toga - boys
Published: 2013/06/16
Channel: Lisa Phelps Linn
DIY Greek Goddess Costume - Denisse Mendoza
DIY Greek Goddess Costume - Denisse Mendoza
Published: 2015/10/09
Channel: LadyDenisseM
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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A statued man with a chiton
Charioteer in an Ionic chiton

A chiton (Greek: χιτών, khitōn) was a form of clothing in Ancient Greece, worn by both sexes, but especially men. It is a sewn garment, unlike the female peplos, a draped garment held on the shoulders by a fibula.

There are two forms of chiton, the Doric chiton and the later Ionic chiton. The Doric style was simpler and had no sleeves, being simply pinned, sewn, or buttoned at the shoulder. The Ionic style was made of a much wider piece of fabric, and was pinned, sewn, or buttoned all the way from the neck to the wrists and the excess fabric gathered by the zone or girdled at the waist. By the late Archaic, Ionic chitons had become more common, especially for men.

History and usage[edit]

The Doric chiton is a single rectangle of woolen or linen fabric. It can be worn plain or with an overfold called an apoptygma, which is more common to women. It can be draped and fastened at the shoulder by pins (fibulae) or sewing, or by buttons.[1] The Ionic chiton could also be made from linen or wool and was draped without the fold and held in place from neck to wrist by several small pins. A large belt called a zoster could be worn over the chiton, usually under the breast ("high-girdled") or around the waist ("low-girdled") or a narrower "zone" or girdle could be used. The chiton's length was greater than the height of the wearer, so excessive fabric was pulled above the belt, like a blouse.

A double-girdled style also existed. The chiton was often worn in combination with the heavier himation over it, which had the role of a cloak. When used alone (without a himation), the chiton was called a monochiton. A long chiton which reached the heels was called a chiton poderes, while a longer one which dragged the ground was called a chiton syrtos or an elkekhitōnes (Greek: ἐλκεχιτώνες) (literally, a chiton that drags the ground).[2] A woman's chiton would always be worn at ankle length. Men wore the long chiton during the Archaic period, but later wore it at knee length, except for certain occupations such as priests and charioteers, and also the elderly.

A sleeved form was worn by priests and actors. The colour or pattern would often indicate status, but varied over time. The chiton was the outfit of Aphrodite because it was considered very feminine, although men also wore it. Dionysus is often depicted wearing it. The chiton was also worn by the Romans after the 3rd century BC. However, they referred to it as a tunica. An example of the chiton can be seen, worn by the caryatids, in the porch of the Athens Erechtheum. A charioteer's chiton can be seen on the Charioteer of Delphi (474 BC).[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kate Elderkin. "Buttons and their Use in Greek Garments". The American Journal of Archaeology. 2 (3): 333–345. 
  2. ^ Autenrieth, Georg (1984). Homeric Dictionary. Duckworth Press. p. 330. ISBN 0-7156-1773-7. 
  3. ^ Charioteer of Delphi, Museum of Antiquities, Delphi

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

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