Play Video
1
Miringuwa Parada - Chitral Somapala
Miringuwa Parada - Chitral Somapala
::2013/08/26::
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2
chitral booni village &city
chitral booni village &city
::2013/01/22::
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3
Deadliest Journeys - Chitral Pakistan Part 1
Deadliest Journeys - Chitral Pakistan Part 1
::2012/05/29::
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4
Pakistan
Pakistan's وادی بروغل Broghil Valley (Chitral) - A PTV Documentary (Upscale SD)
::2013/05/22::
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5
Chitral People Dedicate Song to Gen Pervez Musharraf (new video)
Chitral People Dedicate Song to Gen Pervez Musharraf (new video)
::2013/04/12::
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6
YouTube   Chitral 1 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa PAKISTAN
YouTube Chitral 1 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa PAKISTAN
::2011/04/15::
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7
PIA
PIA's Fokker (Grounded) & ATR on Runway in Chitral City
::2011/07/19::
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8
Kalash valley  Tour in Chitral Hindu-kush  North Pakistan
Kalash valley Tour in Chitral Hindu-kush North Pakistan
::2010/08/15::
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9
The Astonishing Pakistani Fashion Shows Bringing Women Rights
The Astonishing Pakistani Fashion Shows Bringing Women Rights
::2007/10/26::
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10
Kalash, Chitral (Pakistan) David & his Girl Friend talk about Pakistan
Kalash, Chitral (Pakistan) David & his Girl Friend talk about Pakistan
::2011/07/21::
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11
tour of chitral 2013
tour of chitral 2013
::2013/09/20::
Play Video
12
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
Play Video
13
Udarata Kandukara - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Udarata Kandukara - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
Play Video
14
Deadliest Journeys - Chitral Pakistan Part 2
Deadliest Journeys - Chitral Pakistan Part 2
::2012/05/29::
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15
Sukumala Banda Lelawa - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Sukumala Banda Lelawa - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
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16
Dambulugale - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Dambulugale - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
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17
Isurumuniye - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Isurumuniye - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
Play Video
18
Dakunu Lake Aga Nagare - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Dakunu Lake Aga Nagare - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
Play Video
19
Interview with Chitral
Interview with Chitral 'Chity' Somapala - Sri Lankan Rock Idol
::2014/04/22::
Play Video
20
PIA Fokker F27 Landing at Chitral Airport
PIA Fokker F27 Landing at Chitral Airport
::2011/06/06::
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21
Chitral
Chitral 'Chity' Somapala Stairway to Heaven 2013 Geetv
::2014/01/07::
Play Video
22
Dambulugale - Chitral "Chity" Somapala
Dambulugale - Chitral "Chity" Somapala
::2012/07/14::
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23
Believing The Dream - Chitral Chity Somapala (Original)
Believing The Dream - Chitral Chity Somapala (Original)
::2011/03/21::
Play Video
24
Pembara Matha - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Pembara Matha - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
Play Video
25
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye (live) - Chitral Somapala with RED CIRCUIT
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye (live) - Chitral Somapala with RED CIRCUIT
::2014/02/22::
Play Video
26
Chitral -Chity- Somapala - Nadee Ganga Tharanaye.FLV
Chitral -Chity- Somapala - Nadee Ganga Tharanaye.FLV
::2010/05/26::
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27
Joshi Festival Kalash  Chitral  a  Documentary on Abdul Wali khan University Mardan.wmv
Joshi Festival Kalash Chitral a Documentary on Abdul Wali khan University Mardan.wmv
::2012/05/15::
Play Video
28
Ex President of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf Dancing with Chitral Polo Team
Ex President of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf Dancing with Chitral Polo Team
::2007/05/31::
Play Video
29
KALASH VALLEY OF HINDU KUCH - CHITRAL   NORTH PAKISTAN
KALASH VALLEY OF HINDU KUCH - CHITRAL NORTH PAKISTAN
::2011/06/03::
Play Video
30
Beautiful chitral girl and cultural dance
Beautiful chitral girl and cultural dance
::2013/09/20::
Play Video
31
Miringuwa Parada (live) - Chitral Somapala with RED CIRCUIT
Miringuwa Parada (live) - Chitral Somapala with RED CIRCUIT
::2014/02/22::
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32
Chitral Somapala - Nadee Ganga Tharanaye  (live)
Chitral Somapala - Nadee Ganga Tharanaye (live)
::2014/01/05::
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33
pakistan beauty kalash and chitral valley
pakistan beauty kalash and chitral valley
::2010/10/07::
Play Video
34
Music of Chitral  (song: Yaar mann Hameen by Mansoor Ali)
Music of Chitral (song: Yaar mann Hameen by Mansoor Ali)
::2010/05/06::
Play Video
35
Chitral to Parsan.mp4
Chitral to Parsan.mp4
::2011/02/15::
Play Video
36
Fusion Instrumantal - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Fusion Instrumantal - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/09::
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37
Outdoor Cannabis Grow Pakistan Chitral Kush 2012-02-03
Outdoor Cannabis Grow Pakistan Chitral Kush 2012-02-03
::2012/02/04::
Play Video
38
KALASH VALLEY CHITRAL HINDUKUSH IN THE NORTH PAKISTAN
KALASH VALLEY CHITRAL HINDUKUSH IN THE NORTH PAKISTAN
::2011/06/01::
Play Video
39
DAMBULUGALE - Chitral aka Chity Somapala
DAMBULUGALE - Chitral aka Chity Somapala
::2011/02/24::
Play Video
40
KYRIE (MR.MR.COVER) BY AVALON FEATURING:CHITRAL"CHITY" ON VOCALS
KYRIE (MR.MR.COVER) BY AVALON FEATURING:CHITRAL"CHITY" ON VOCALS
::2013/06/19::
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41
Malakand Road  10th August 2013 while going to Chitral
Malakand Road 10th August 2013 while going to Chitral
::2013/08/31::
Play Video
42
chitral
chitral
::2010/05/07::
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43
Chitral Scouts Schools Run by PAK Army and Chitral scouts in Chitral valley by Sherin Zada
Chitral Scouts Schools Run by PAK Army and Chitral scouts in Chitral valley by Sherin Zada
::2013/12/22::
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44
Miringuwa Parada (live)  - Chitral Somapala
Miringuwa Parada (live) - Chitral Somapala
::2014/01/05::
Play Video
45
Chitral City, PIA Old Chowk Area
Chitral City, PIA Old Chowk Area
::2011/07/20::
Play Video
46
Believing The Dream - Chitral Chity Somapala
Believing The Dream - Chitral Chity Somapala
::2011/03/18::
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47
Brave Women of Chitral(Tahir Zaman films)
Brave Women of Chitral(Tahir Zaman films)
::2012/07/15::
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48
BOONI (Chitral-Pakistan)
BOONI (Chitral-Pakistan)
::2010/05/07::
Play Video
49
Chitral - Pakistan
Chitral - Pakistan
::2012/04/29::
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chitral city 2.mp4
chitral city 2.mp4
::2011/06/26::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about the town of Chitral. For the former princely state, see Chitral (princely state). For the district, see Chitral District.
Chitral
چترال
Chitral is located in Pakistan
Chitral
Chitral
Location within Pakistan
Coordinates: 35°50′46″N 71°47′09″E / 35.84611°N 71.78583°E / 35.84611; 71.78583
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Municipal Corporation 1969
Area
 • Total 14,850 km2 (5,730 sq mi)
Elevation 1,100 m (3,600 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 50,000
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Area code(s) 0943

Chitral (Urdu: چترال‎, Khowar: چھترار; also known as Chetrar), translated as field in the native language Khowar, is the capital of the Chitral District, situated on the western bank of the Kunar River (also called Chitral River), in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It also served as the capital of the former princely state of Chitral. The town is at the foot of Tirich Mir, the highest peak of the Hindu Kush, which is 25,289 ft (7,708 m) high. It has a population of 20,000. The elevation of the valley is 3,700 ft (1,100 m).

Location[edit]

Chitral is situated on the west bank of the Chitral River (or Kunar River) at the foot of Tirich Mir which at 7,708 metres (25,289 ft) is the highest peak of the Hindu Kush. Until 1969, it served as the capital of the princely state of Chitral.[1]

Geography and access[edit]

The easiest access to Chitral, other than by air, is in the southwest along the Kunar Valley from Jalalabad. However the Pakistan (Durand Line) prevents this from being used as an internal route to the south. The other routes are over high mountain passes. To the south, the 3,200 metres (10,500 ft) Lowari Pass leads 365 kilometres (227 mi) to Peshawar. In the north, the easiest route during summer runs over the 3,798 metres (12,461 ft) Broghol to the east, there is a 405 kilometres (252 mi) route to Gilgit over the 3,719 metres (12,201 ft) Shandur Pass. In the west, the 4,300 metres (14,100 ft) Dorah Pass The territory is cut off by snow from the rest of the country for up to six months a year, a problem soon to be relieved by the completion of the Lowari Tunnel.

History[edit]

Nothing definitive is recorded about the town’s first settlers. In the 3rd century AD, Kanishka, the Buddhist ruler of the Kushan empire, occupied Chitral. In the 4th century AD, the Chinese overran the valley. Raees rule over Chitral began in 1320 and came to an end in the 15th century. From 1571 onwards Chitral was the capital of the princely state of Chitral under the rule of the Katur Dynasty.[2]

Hindu Kush[edit]

In Sanskrit Hindu means "Hinduism" and kush means "living place of Hindus". The Hindu Kush mountain range and its highest peak, Tirich Mir, is in Chitral.

Climate[edit]

In contrast to more southerly valleys of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Chitral has a dry Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) with almost no rainfall during summers. Precipitation occurs mainly from spring thunderstorms brought about by western frontal systems. In the winter the night time temperature occasionally drops to −10 C. Winter snowfall in the town can be quite heavy with an accumulation of up to two feet being quite common, at higher elevations snowfall can reach as high as 20 metres (70 ft)[citation needed].

Languages[edit]

Languages of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

The general population is mainly of speak the Khowar language and Chitrali language which is also spoken in parts Swat.[3] The Norwegian linguist Georg Morgenstierne wrote that Chitral is the area of the greatest linguistic diversity in the world.[citation needed] Although Khowar is the predominant language of Chitral, more than ten other languages are spoken there as well.

Administration[edit]

Chitral is represented in the National Assembly[4] and Provincial Assembly by one elected MNA and two elected MPAs.[5]

Population[edit]

The main tribe, the Chitral, speak Chitrali. The Chitral culture is Islamic. Women are nearly invisible except to their male relatives and other women. They avoid walking the streets of the town, so men or children do most of the shopping.[6][7]

Sport[edit]

Unlike the rest of Pakistan where cricket dominates, polo and soccer are more popular in Chitral. A number of sport festivals and tournaments are held throughout the year. Chitral has also produced some national players such as Muhammad Rasool who plays for the national football team.

Newspapers[edit]

  • Chitral Today
  • Chitral Times
  • Chitral News
  • Awaaz-e-Chitral
  • The Kalash Times
  • Chitral Vision
  • Weekly Chitral

Educational institutions[edit]

  • University of Chitral
  • Chitral University Campus
  • Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University
  • Qutaiba Public School Chitral Denin
  • Chitral Model College Chitral
  • Government Commerce College
  • Government Technical and Vocational College, Garum Chassma Road, Chitral
  • Government Degree College
  • Government Girls Degree College
  • University of Booni
  • Government Centennial Model High School
  • Government Centennial Model School for Girls
  • Government College of Commerce
  • Frontier Corp Public School (chitral)
  • Chitral Public School & College, (Chitral's first English Medium School)
  • Langlands School and College, formerly known as Sayurj Public School
  • Pamir Public School
  • Pearl College of Education
  • Orion School Of learning booni
  • Oxford School And Collage Booni
  • Iqra Model School
  • AFAQ model school and college, denin chitral
  • Terichmir Model School
  • Al-Nasir Community Based School, Garam Chashma
  • Chamber of Commerce College, Garam Chashma
  • Al-Nasir Cbs School and Degree College, Garam Chashma
  • Injigan Ideal Public school, (Garum chashma)
  • Hasan ul bana Model School, Warijun Mullkhow
  • Govt High School for Boys, Warijun Mullkhow
  • Drosh Public School, Drosh
  • Muslim Model School, Jughoor
  • Jinnah Public School Drosh
  • broze public school & college, broze chitral
  • broze model college for girls, broze chitral
  • Abaseen public school, seen chitral
  • Oriental Model School, Booni
  • Oriental Model College, Booni

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chitral
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
21.0
(69.8)
28.0
(82.4)
34.3
(93.7)
38.3
(100.9)
42.5
(108.5)
44.4
(111.9)
42.2
(108)
39.8
(103.6)
34.4
(93.9)
27.0
(80.6)
20.7
(69.3)
44.4
(111.9)
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
9.9
(49.8)
15.1
(59.2)
22.5
(72.5)
28.2
(82.8)
34.4
(93.9)
35.9
(96.6)
34.4
(93.9)
31.1
(88)
25.1
(77.2)
18.7
(65.7)
11.6
(52.9)
23.0
(73.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
5.3
(41.5)
9.6
(49.3)
15.5
(59.9)
20.3
(68.5)
26.1
(79)
28.0
(82.4)
26.5
(79.7)
22.1
(71.8)
16.2
(61.2)
10.8
(51.4)
5.9
(42.6)
15.9
(60.6)
Average low °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
0.6
(33.1)
4.2
(39.6)
8.5
(47.3)
12.5
(54.5)
17.8
(64)
20.2
(68.4)
18.7
(65.7)
13.1
(55.6)
7.2
(45)
2.9
(37.2)
0.2
(32.4)
8.8
(47.8)
Record low °C (°F) −11.0
(12.2)
−11.0
(12.2)
−3.7
(25.3)
0.0
(32)
4.4
(39.9)
8.9
(48)
11.1
(52)
10.6
(51.1)
5.6
(42.1)
1.1
(34)
−3.0
(26.6)
−12.2
(10)
−12.2
(10)
Precipitation mm (inches) 38.4
(1.512)
63.8
(2.512)
97.3
(3.831)
71.7
(2.823)
43.9
(1.728)
5.1
(0.201)
4.9
(0.193)
8.0
(0.315)
7.3
(0.287)
15.6
(0.614)
20.4
(0.803)
38.5
(1.516)
414.9
(16.335)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 134.0 133.7 150.4 188.6 247.0 286.3 285.4 258.6 231.0 214.0 182.5 130.7 2,442.2
Source: NOAA (1971-1990) [8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gupta, Om. Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ "Chitral, a Study in Statecraft". IUCN. 
  3. ^ "KHOWAR IN THE COMMUNITY OF WORLD LANGUAGES". 
  4. ^ http://www2.ecp.gov.pk/vsite/ElectionResult/AllResults.aspx?assemblyid=NA
  5. ^ Constituencies and MPAs - Website of the Provincial Assembly of the NWFP[dead link]
  6. ^ Anna, Cara (23 January 2005). "Crossing the Great Divide: What could an American teaching and living in a remote Pakistani village learn from her students and neighbors? Plenty". Special to The Plain Dealer. Cleveland, Ohio: The Plain Dealer. 
  7. ^ Butt, Muhammad Shoaib; Bandara, Jayatilleke S (2009). Trade liberalization and regional disparity in Pakistan. Routledge studies in the growth economies of Asia 85. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-46595-3. OCLC 789423025. 
  8. ^ "Chitral Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 

References[edit]

  • Decker, D. Kendall (1992). Languages of Chitral. 
  • Durand, Col. A. (1899). The Making of a frontier. 
  • Leitner, G. W. (First Reprint 1978). Dardistan in 1866, 1886 and 1893: Being An Account of the History, Religions, Customs, Legends, Fables and Songs of Gilgit, Chilas, Kandia (Gabrial) Yasin, Chitral, Hunza, Nagyr and other parts of the Hindukush, as also a supplement to the second edition of The Hunza and Nagyr Handbook. And An Epitome of Part III of the author’s The Languages and Races of Dardistan. New Delhi: Manjusri Publishing House. 

External links[edit]

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