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Kalash valley  Tour in Chitral Hindu-kush  North Pakistan
Kalash valley Tour in Chitral Hindu-kush North Pakistan
::2010/08/15::
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Deadliest Journeys - Chitral Pakistan Part 1
Deadliest Journeys - Chitral Pakistan Part 1
::2012/05/29::
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PIA Fokker F27 Landing at Chitral Airport
PIA Fokker F27 Landing at Chitral Airport
::2011/06/06::
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4
Udarata Kandukara - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Udarata Kandukara - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
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Chitral People Dedicate Song to Gen Pervez Musharraf (new video)
Chitral People Dedicate Song to Gen Pervez Musharraf (new video)
::2013/04/12::
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chitral booni village &city
chitral booni village &city
::2013/01/22::
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Chitral - Pakistan
Chitral - Pakistan
::2012/04/29::
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Chitral Somapala @ Dell Studio - LIVE IN CONCERT 2014
Chitral Somapala @ Dell Studio - LIVE IN CONCERT 2014
::2015/01/01::
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Kabir Ali of Reshun Chitral performing Chitrali Dance
Kabir Ali of Reshun Chitral performing Chitrali Dance
::2012/02/17::
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Udarata Kandukara   Chitral Somapala DELL Studio on TV Derana 30 04 2014 Episode 05
Udarata Kandukara Chitral Somapala DELL Studio on TV Derana 30 04 2014 Episode 05
::2014/10/22::
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11
The Mehtars of Chitral
The Mehtars of Chitral
::2009/02/28::
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Pakistan
Pakistan's وادی بروغل Broghil Valley (Chitral) - A PTV Documentary (Upscale SD)
::2013/05/21::
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Sukumala Banda Lelawa - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Sukumala Banda Lelawa - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
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Miringuwa Parada - Chitral Somapala
Miringuwa Parada - Chitral Somapala
::2013/08/26::
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Sihinaya Pupura Yai - Chitral
Sihinaya Pupura Yai - Chitral 'Chity' Somapala - MEntertainments
::2014/09/26::
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BOONI (Chitral-Pakistan)
BOONI (Chitral-Pakistan)
::2010/05/07::
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Nadee Ganga Tharanaye - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
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Kalash, Chitral (Pakistan) David & his Girl Friend talk about Pakistan
Kalash, Chitral (Pakistan) David & his Girl Friend talk about Pakistan
::2011/07/20::
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PIA
PIA's Fokker (Grounded) & ATR on Runway in Chitral City
::2011/07/19::
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Beautiful chitral girl and cultural dance
Beautiful chitral girl and cultural dance
::2013/09/20::
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lowari top chitral
lowari top chitral
::2010/04/28::
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tour of chitral 2013
tour of chitral 2013
::2013/09/20::
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Nadee Ganga Tharanaye   Chitral Somapala DELL Studio on TV Derana 30 04 2014 Episode 05
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye Chitral Somapala DELL Studio on TV Derana 30 04 2014 Episode 05
::2014/10/22::
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Chitral to Parsan.mp4
Chitral to Parsan.mp4
::2011/02/15::
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Nadee Ganga Tharanaye - Chitral
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye - Chitral 'Chity' Somapala - MEntertainments
::2014/09/26::
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Sinhabumi - Chitral
Sinhabumi - Chitral 'Chity' Somapala
::2015/01/10::
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Pembara Matha - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Pembara Matha - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
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Dambulugale - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Dambulugale - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
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29
Chitral Valley
Chitral Valley
::2011/09/20::
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30
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye    Chitral Somapala
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::2014/06/15::
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31
Outdoor Cannabis Grow Pakistan Chitral Kush 2012-02-03
Outdoor Cannabis Grow Pakistan Chitral Kush 2012-02-03
::2012/02/04::
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32
Chity Somapala - Absinth
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::2012/11/15::
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33
Chitrali Dance @ Boroghol Festival_2014 by Chitral Scouts
Chitrali Dance @ Boroghol Festival_2014 by Chitral Scouts
::2014/10/22::
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34
chitral doll
chitral doll
::2010/06/14::
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35
sri lanka api thamayi-cricket world cup song 2015 chitral somaspala
sri lanka api thamayi-cricket world cup song 2015 chitral somaspala
::2015/02/24::
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36
Believing The Dream - Chitral Chity Somapala (Original)
Believing The Dream - Chitral Chity Somapala (Original)
::2011/03/21::
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37
Dambulugale - Chitral "Chity" Somapala
Dambulugale - Chitral "Chity" Somapala
::2012/07/14::
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Joshi Festival Kalash  Chitral  a  Documentary on Abdul Wali khan University Mardan.wmv
Joshi Festival Kalash Chitral a Documentary on Abdul Wali khan University Mardan.wmv
::2012/05/15::
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39
Breakfast to Dinner with Chitral Somapala - 12th February 2015
Breakfast to Dinner with Chitral Somapala - 12th February 2015
::2015/02/14::
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40
Ex President of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf Dancing with Chitral Polo Team
Ex President of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf Dancing with Chitral Polo Team
::2007/05/31::
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41
His Highness Prince Karim Aga Khan
His Highness Prince Karim Aga Khan's Visit to Chitral 2003
::2009/03/04::
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42
pakistan beauty kalash and chitral valley
pakistan beauty kalash and chitral valley
::2010/10/07::
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43
chitral city 2.mp4
chitral city 2.mp4
::2011/06/26::
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44
A journey by Cycle from Gilgit to Chitral
A journey by Cycle from Gilgit to Chitral
::2011/10/16::
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45
Khowar/Chitrali Dance @ Boroghol Festival_2014 by Chitral Scouts
Khowar/Chitrali Dance @ Boroghol Festival_2014 by Chitral Scouts
::2014/10/25::
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PIA Fokker F27 Landing at Chitral Airport
PIA Fokker F27 Landing at Chitral Airport
::2009/09/10::
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SadiqAbad Lahore to chitral shandur Pakistan Furqan Khan Nabeel Shah and Kamran Mirza jun20011.wmv
SadiqAbad Lahore to chitral shandur Pakistan Furqan Khan Nabeel Shah and Kamran Mirza jun20011.wmv
::2011/07/03::
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Resun Ishtok chitral
Resun Ishtok chitral
::2011/11/14::
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The Siege of Chitral
The Siege of Chitral
::2006/10/12::
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Kalasha of Chitral
Kalasha of Chitral
::2011/11/28::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about the town of Chitral. For the former princely state, see Chitral (princely state). For the district, see Chitral District.
Chitral
چترا ل
کاشکر
State
Chitral is located in Pakistan
Chitral
Chitral
Chitral Location in Pakistan
Coordinates: 35°50′46″N 71°47′09″E / 35.84611°N 71.78583°E / 35.84611; 71.78583Coordinates: 35°50′46″N 71°47′09″E / 35.84611°N 71.78583°E / 35.84611; 71.78583
Country Pakistan
State Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Chitral District
Established 1969
Government
 • Type Municipal corporation
Area
 • Total 14,850 km2 (5,730 sq mi)
Elevation 1,100 m (3,600 ft)
Population (2003)
 • Total 600,000[citation needed]
Languages
 • Official language Chitrali, Urdu, English
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Post Codes 1720 - 0xx[1]
Area code(s) +943-7
Website Official Website
Qaqlasht, a picnic point at Booni, Chitral

Chitral (Urdu: چترال‎, Khowar: چھترار also spelled as "Kashkar" or Chetrar, translated as field), is the capital of the Chitral District, situated on the western bank of the Chitral River (also called Kunar River), in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It also served as the capital of the princely state of Chitral until 1969.[2] The town is at the foot of Tirich Mir, the highest peak of the Hindu Kush, which is 25,289 ft (7,708 m) high. It has a population of 20,000.[citation needed] The elevation of the valley is 3,700 ft (1,100 m).

Geography and access[edit]

The easiest land access to Chitral, other than by air, is in the southwest along the Kunar Valley. However the Afghan-Pakistan border (Durand Line) and cross border tensions prevent this from being used as an internal route to the rest of the parts of Pakistan. The other routes are over high mountain passes. To the south, the 3,200 metres (10,500 ft) Lowari Pass leads 365 kilometres (227 mi) to Peshawar. In the north, the easiest route during summer runs over the 3,798 metres (12,461 ft) Broghol pass. To the east, there is a 405 kilometres (252 mi) route to Gilgit over the 3,719 metres (12,201 ft) Shandur Pass. The territory is cut off by snow from the rest of the country for up to six months a year, a problem soon to be relieved by the completion of the Lowari Tunnel.

History[edit]

Nothing definitive is recorded about the town’s first settlers. In the 3rd century AD, Kanishka, the Buddhist ruler of the Kushan empire, occupied Chitral. In the 4th century AD, the Chinese overran the valley. Raees rule over Chitral began in 1320 and came to an end in the 15th century. From 1571 onwards Chitral was the capital of the princely state of Chitral.[3]

Climate[edit]

In contrast to more southerly areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the town of Chitral has a dry Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) with almost no rainfall during summers. Precipitation occurs mainly from spring thunderstorms brought about by western frontal systems. In the winter the night time temperature occasionally drops to −10 C. Winter snowfall in the town can be quite heavy with an accumulation of up to two feet being quite common, at higher elevations snowfall can reach as high as 20 metres (70 ft).The weather is very cold during the winter[citation needed].

Climate data for Chitral
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
21.0
(69.8)
28.0
(82.4)
34.3
(93.7)
38.3
(100.9)
42.5
(108.5)
44.4
(111.9)
42.2
(108)
39.8
(103.6)
34.4
(93.9)
27.0
(80.6)
20.7
(69.3)
44.4
(111.9)
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
9.9
(49.8)
15.1
(59.2)
22.5
(72.5)
28.2
(82.8)
34.4
(93.9)
35.9
(96.6)
34.4
(93.9)
31.1
(88)
25.1
(77.2)
18.7
(65.7)
11.6
(52.9)
23.0
(73.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
5.3
(41.5)
9.6
(49.3)
15.5
(59.9)
20.3
(68.5)
26.1
(79)
28.0
(82.4)
26.5
(79.7)
22.1
(71.8)
16.2
(61.2)
10.8
(51.4)
5.9
(42.6)
15.9
(60.6)
Average low °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
0.6
(33.1)
4.2
(39.6)
8.5
(47.3)
12.5
(54.5)
17.8
(64)
20.2
(68.4)
18.7
(65.7)
13.1
(55.6)
7.2
(45)
2.9
(37.2)
0.2
(32.4)
8.8
(47.8)
Record low °C (°F) −11.0
(12.2)
−11.0
(12.2)
−3.7
(25.3)
0.0
(32)
4.4
(39.9)
8.9
(48)
11.1
(52)
10.6
(51.1)
5.6
(42.1)
1.1
(34)
−3.0
(26.6)
−12.2
(10)
−12.2
(10)
Precipitation mm (inches) 38.4
(1.512)
63.8
(2.512)
97.3
(3.831)
71.7
(2.823)
43.9
(1.728)
5.1
(0.201)
4.9
(0.193)
8.0
(0.315)
7.3
(0.287)
15.6
(0.614)
20.4
(0.803)
38.5
(1.516)
414.9
(16.335)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 134.0 133.7 150.4 188.6 247.0 286.3 285.4 258.6 231.0 214.0 182.5 130.7 2,442.2
Source: NOAA (1971-1990) [4]

Demographics[edit]

Khowar is the most widely spoken language, while English and Urdu are understood and spoken. And has a great Chitrali influence as it was the bastion of the 52.3% of Chitral's population is in the 15–59 years age category. Around 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.[citation needed]

Educational institutions[edit]

  • University of Chitral
  • Virtuall university of pakistan
  • New City College
  • Chitral University Campus
  • Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University
  • Qutaiba Public School Chitral Denin
  • Chitral Model College Chitral
  • Government Technical and Vocational College, Garum Chassma Road, Chitral
  • Government Degree College
  • Government Girls Degree College
  • University of Booni
  • Government Centennial Model High School
  • Government Centennial Model School for Girls
  • Government College of Commerce
  • Frontier Corp Public School
  • Chitral Public School & College, (Chitral's first English Medium School)
  • Langlands School and College, formerly known as Sayurj Public School
  • Pamir Public School
  • Pearl College of Education
  • Orion School Of learning Booni
  • Oxford School And College Booni
  • Iqra Model School
  • AFAQ model school and college, denin chitral
  • Terichmir Model School
  • Al-Nasir Community Based School, Garam Chashma
  • Chamber of Commerce College, Garam Chashma
  • Al-Nasir Cbs School and Degree College, Garam Chashma
  • Injigan Ideal Public school, (Garam chashma)
  • Model School, Warijun Mullkhow
  • Govt High School for Boys, Warijun Mullkhow
  • Drosh Public School, Drosh
  • Muslim Model School, Jughoor
  • Jinnah Public School, Drosh
  • Broze Public School & College, Broze Chitral
  • Broze Model College For Girls, Broze Chitral
  • Seen public school
  • Oriental Model School, Booni
  • Oriental Model College, Booni
  • Frontier Corps Public Schools and Colleges (FCPS&C)
  • Govt High School Koghuzi, Chitral
  • Govt High School Kuju, Chitral

Administration[edit]

Chitral is represented in the National Assembly[5] and Provincial Assembly by one elected MNA and two elected MPAs.[6]

Population[edit]

As of July 2014, the Chitral population is above one million.[citation needed]

Sport[edit]

Unlike the rest of Pakistan where cricket dominates, polo and soccer are more popular in Chitral. A number of sport festivals and tournaments are held throughout the year. Chitral has also produced some national players such as Muhammad Rasool who plays for the national football team.

Newspapers[edit]

A few number of newspapers are published by Chitral Press

  • Chitral Today
  • Chitral Times
  • Chitral News
  • Awaaz-e-Chitral
  • The Kalash Times
  • Chitral Vision
  • Weekly Chitral

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Decker, D. Kendall (1992). Languages of Chitral. 
  • Durand, Col. A. (1899). The Making of a frontier. 
  • Leitner, G. W. (1978). Dardistan in 1866, 1886 and 1893: Being An Account of the History, Religions, Customs, Legends, Fables and Songs of Gilgit, Chilas, Kandia (Gabrial) Yasin, Chitral, Hunza, Nagyr and other parts of the Hindukush, as also a supplement to the second edition of The Hunza and Nagyr Handbook. And An Epitome of Part III of the author’s The Languages and Races of Dardistan (First reprint ed.). New Delhi: Manjusri Publishing House.  Check date values in: |year= / |date= mismatch (help)

External links[edit]

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