Nothing definitive is recorded about the town’s first settlers. In the 3rd century AD, Kanishka, the Buddhist ruler of the Kushan empire, occupied Chitral. In the 4th century AD, the Chinese overran the valley. Raees rule over Chitral began in 1320 and came to an end in the 15th century. From 1571 onwards Chitral was the capital of the princely state of Chitral.
Geography and access
The easiest land access to Chitral, other than by air, is in the southwest along the Kunar Valley. However the Afghan-Pakistan border (Durand Line) and cross border tensions prevent this from being used as an internal route to the rest of the parts of Pakistan. The other routes are over high mountain passes. To the south, the 3,200 metres (10,500 ft) Lowari Pass leads 365 kilometres (227 mi) to Peshawar. In the north, the easiest route during summer runs over the 3,798 metres (12,461 ft) Broghol pass. To the east, there is a 405 kilometres (252 mi) route to Gilgit over the 3,719 metres (12,201 ft) Shandur Pass. The territory is cut off by snow from the rest of the country for up to six months a year, a problem soon to be relieved by the completion of the Lowari Tunnel.
Climate and Geology
The climate is Semi-arid cool climate (Köppen-Geiger classification: BSk) According to the Holdridge life zones system of bioclimatic classification Chitral is situated in or near the cool temperate steppe biome climate is wet during the winters due to moderated by its mountain setting; the intense heat of lowland area does not reach it. The mountains block out the summermonsoon, and summer rainfall is thus quite low. However, these mountains result in very severe winter weather. During the April-to-October tourist season, temperatures vary between a maximum of 27 °C (81 °F) and a minimum (in October) 8 °C (46 °F).
Khowar is the most widely spoken language, while English and Urdu are understood and spoken. And has a great Chitrali influence as it was the bastion of the 52.3% of Chitral's population is in the 15–59 years age category. Around 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
University of Chitral
Virtuall university of pakistan
New City College
Chitral University Campus
Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University
Qutaiba Public School Chitral Denin
Chitral Model College Chitral
Government Technical and Vocational College, Garum Chassma Road, Chitral
Government Degree College
Government Girls Degree College
University of Booni
Government Centennial Model High School
Government Centennial Model School for Girls
Government College of Commerce
Frontier Corp Public School
Chitral Public School & College, (Chitral's first English Medium School)
As of July 2014, the Chitral population is above one million.
Unlike the rest of Pakistan where cricket dominates, polo and soccer are more popular in Chitral. A number of sport festivals and tournaments are held throughout the year. Chitral has also produced some national players such as Muhammad Rasool who plays for the national football team.
A few number of newspapers are published by Chitral Press