Play Video
1
Deadliest Journeys - Chitral Pakistan Part 1
Deadliest Journeys - Chitral Pakistan Part 1
::2012/05/29::
Play Video
2
chitral booni village &city
chitral booni village &city
::2013/01/22::
Play Video
3
Chitral People Dedicate Song to Gen Pervez Musharraf (new video)
Chitral People Dedicate Song to Gen Pervez Musharraf (new video)
::2013/04/12::
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4
Pakistan
Pakistan's وادی بروغل Broghil Valley (Chitral) - A PTV Documentary (Upscale SD)
::2013/05/21::
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5
Beautiful chitral girl and cultural dance
Beautiful chitral girl and cultural dance
::2013/09/20::
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6
PIA Fokker F27 Landing at Chitral Airport
PIA Fokker F27 Landing at Chitral Airport
::2011/06/06::
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7
Kalash valley  Tour in Chitral Hindu-kush  North Pakistan
Kalash valley Tour in Chitral Hindu-kush North Pakistan
::2010/08/15::
Play Video
8
Miringuwa Parada - Chitral Somapala
Miringuwa Parada - Chitral Somapala
::2013/08/26::
Play Video
9
Sihinaya Pupura Yai - Chitral
Sihinaya Pupura Yai - Chitral 'Chity' Somapala - MEntertainments
::2014/09/26::
Play Video
10
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
Play Video
11
Udarata Kandukara - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Udarata Kandukara - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
Play Video
12
Kalash, Chitral (Pakistan) David & his Girl Friend talk about Pakistan
Kalash, Chitral (Pakistan) David & his Girl Friend talk about Pakistan
::2011/07/20::
Play Video
13
Chitral
Chitral 'Chity' Somapala - Sinhabumi Teaser
::2014/09/14::
Play Video
14
Chitral Somapala @ Dell Studio - LIVE IN CONCERT 2014
Chitral Somapala @ Dell Studio - LIVE IN CONCERT 2014
::2015/01/01::
Play Video
15
Kabir Ali of Reshun Chitral performing Chitrali Dance
Kabir Ali of Reshun Chitral performing Chitrali Dance
::2012/02/17::
Play Video
16
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye   Chitral Somapala DELL Studio on TV Derana 30 04 2014 Episode 05
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye Chitral Somapala DELL Studio on TV Derana 30 04 2014 Episode 05
::2014/10/22::
Play Video
17
Udarata Kandukara   Chitral Somapala DELL Studio on TV Derana 30 04 2014 Episode 05
Udarata Kandukara Chitral Somapala DELL Studio on TV Derana 30 04 2014 Episode 05
::2014/10/22::
Play Video
18
lowari top chitral
lowari top chitral
::2010/04/28::
Play Video
19
Sukumala Banda Lelawa - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
Sukumala Banda Lelawa - Chitral Somapala @ DELL Studio on TV Derana ( 30-04-2014 ) Episode 05
::2014/05/03::
Play Video
20
Chitrali Dance @ Boroghol Festival_2014 by Chitral Scouts
Chitrali Dance @ Boroghol Festival_2014 by Chitral Scouts
::2014/10/22::
Play Video
21
PIA
PIA's Fokker (Grounded) & ATR on Runway in Chitral City
::2011/07/19::
Play Video
22
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye - Chitral
Nadee Ganga Tharanaye - Chitral 'Chity' Somapala - MEntertainments
::2014/09/26::
Play Video
23
Pembara Matha   Chitral Somapala DELL Studio on TV Derana 30 04 2014 Episode 05
Pembara Matha Chitral Somapala DELL Studio on TV Derana 30 04 2014 Episode 05
::2014/10/22::
Play Video
24
Deadliest Journeys - Chitral Pakistan Part 2
Deadliest Journeys - Chitral Pakistan Part 2
::2012/05/29::
Play Video
25
BOONI (Chitral-Pakistan)
BOONI (Chitral-Pakistan)
::2010/05/07::
Play Video
26
The Mehtars of Chitral
The Mehtars of Chitral
::2009/02/28::
Play Video
27
Great Pakistan. Travel Pakistan. Rawalpindi, Peshawar, Chitral, Kalash, Lahore
Great Pakistan. Travel Pakistan. Rawalpindi, Peshawar, Chitral, Kalash, Lahore
::2012/05/24::
Play Video
28
I Want to Break Free - Chitral Somapala with Skyhigh Band UK
I Want to Break Free - Chitral Somapala with Skyhigh Band UK
::2014/09/09::
Play Video
29
Chitral - Pakistan
Chitral - Pakistan
::2012/04/29::
Play Video
30
Malakand Road  10th August 2013 while going to Chitral
Malakand Road 10th August 2013 while going to Chitral
::2013/08/30::
Play Video
31
Dambulugale - Chitral "Chity" Somapala
Dambulugale - Chitral "Chity" Somapala
::2012/07/14::
Play Video
32
Joshi Festival Kalash  Chitral  a  Documentary on Abdul Wali khan University Mardan.wmv
Joshi Festival Kalash Chitral a Documentary on Abdul Wali khan University Mardan.wmv
::2012/05/15::
Play Video
33
I CONFIDE.by FIREWIND - FEATURING CHITRAL"CHITY" SOMAPALA
I CONFIDE.by FIREWIND - FEATURING CHITRAL"CHITY" SOMAPALA
::2013/02/09::
Play Video
34
Music of Chitral  (song: Yaar mann Hameen by Mansoor Ali)
Music of Chitral (song: Yaar mann Hameen by Mansoor Ali)
::2010/05/06::
Play Video
35
Interview with Chitral
Interview with Chitral 'Chity' Somapala - Sri Lankan Rock Idol
::2014/04/22::
Play Video
36
Dambulugale   Chitral Somapala DELL Studio on TV Derana 30 04 2014 Episode 05
Dambulugale Chitral Somapala DELL Studio on TV Derana 30 04 2014 Episode 05
::2014/10/22::
Play Video
37
Sinhabumi - Chitral
Sinhabumi - Chitral 'Chity' Somapala
::2015/01/10::
Play Video
38
KALASH VALLEY CHITRAL HINDUKUSH IN THE NORTH PAKISTAN
KALASH VALLEY CHITRAL HINDUKUSH IN THE NORTH PAKISTAN
::2011/06/01::
Play Video
39
Brave Women of Chitral(Tahir Zaman films)
Brave Women of Chitral(Tahir Zaman films)
::2012/07/15::
Play Video
40
Believing The Dream - Chitral Chity Somapala (Original)
Believing The Dream - Chitral Chity Somapala (Original)
::2011/03/21::
Play Video
41
YouTube   Chitral 1 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa PAKISTAN
YouTube Chitral 1 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa PAKISTAN
::2011/04/15::
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42
From Chitral to Gilgit (North-East Pakistan 1990)
From Chitral to Gilgit (North-East Pakistan 1990)
::2009/05/15::
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43
Chity Somapala - Absinth
Chity Somapala - Absinth
::2012/11/15::
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44
Chitral Valley KPK
Chitral Valley KPK
::2014/05/11::
Play Video
45
A journey by Cycle from Gilgit to Chitral
A journey by Cycle from Gilgit to Chitral
::2011/10/16::
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46
DAMBULUGALE - Chitral aka Chity Somapala
DAMBULUGALE - Chitral aka Chity Somapala
::2011/02/24::
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47
Miringuwa Parada   Chitral Somapala FULL HD(www themusic lk))
Miringuwa Parada Chitral Somapala FULL HD(www themusic lk))
::2013/09/06::
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48
chitral boys mast dance
chitral boys mast dance
::2011/09/11::
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49
Kalasha of Chitral
Kalasha of Chitral
::2011/11/28::
Play Video
50
tour of chitral 2013
tour of chitral 2013
::2013/09/20::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about the town of Chitral. For the former princely state, see Chitral (princely state). For the district, see Chitral District.
Chitral
Chitral is located in Pakistan
Chitral
Chitral
Location in Pakistan
Coordinates: 35°50′46″N 71°47′09″E / 35.84611°N 71.78583°E / 35.84611; 71.78583Coordinates: 35°50′46″N 71°47′09″E / 35.84611°N 71.78583°E / 35.84611; 71.78583
Country Pakistan
State Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Chitral District
Government
 • Type Municipal corporation
Area
 • Total 14,850 km2 (5,730 sq mi)
Elevation 1,100 m (3,600 ft)
Population (2003)
 • Total 600,000[citation needed]
Demonym Chitrali's
Languages
 • Official language Urdu, English
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Postal Index Number 1720 - 0xx
Area code(s) +943-7
Website http://www.chitral.gov.pk

Chitral (Urdu: چترال‎, Khowar: چھترار Chetrar, translated as field), is the capital of the Chitral District, situated on the western bank of the Chitral River (also called Kunar River), in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It also served as the capital of the princely state of Chitral until 1969.[1] The town is at the foot of Tirich Mir, the highest peak of the Hindu Kush, which is 25,289 ft (7,708 m) high. It has a population of 20,000.[citation needed] The elevation of the valley is 3,700 ft (1,100 m).

Geography and access[edit]

The easiest land access to Chitral, other than by air, is in the southwest along the Kunar Valley. However the Afghan-Pakistan border (Durand Line) and cross border tensions prevent this from being used as an internal route to the rest of the parts of Pakistan. The other routes are over high mountain passes. To the south, the 3,200 metres (10,500 ft) Lowari Pass leads 365 kilometres (227 mi) to Peshawar. In the north, the easiest route during summer runs over the 3,798 metres (12,461 ft) Broghol pass. To the east, there is a 405 kilometres (252 mi) route to Gilgit over the 3,719 metres (12,201 ft) Shandur Pass. The territory is cut off by snow from the rest of the country for up to six months a year, a problem soon to be relieved by the completion of the Lowari Tunnel.

History[edit]

Nothing definitive is recorded about the town’s first settlers. In the 3rd century AD, Kanishka, the Buddhist ruler of the Kushan empire, occupied Chitral. In the 4th century AD, the Chinese overran the valley. Raees rule over Chitral began in 1320 and came to an end in the 15th century. From 1571 onwards Chitral was the capital of the princely state of Chitral.[2]

Climate[edit]

In contrast to more southerly areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the town of Chitral has a dry Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) with almost no rainfall during summers. Precipitation occurs mainly from spring thunderstorms brought about by western frontal systems. In the winter the night time temperature occasionally drops to −10 C. Winter snowfall in the town can be quite heavy with an accumulation of up to two feet being quite common, at higher elevations snowfall can reach as high as 20 metres (70 ft).The weather is very cold during the winter[citation needed].


Climate data for Chitral
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
21.0
(69.8)
28.0
(82.4)
34.3
(93.7)
38.3
(100.9)
42.5
(108.5)
44.4
(111.9)
42.2
(108)
39.8
(103.6)
34.4
(93.9)
27.0
(80.6)
20.7
(69.3)
44.4
(111.9)
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
9.9
(49.8)
15.1
(59.2)
22.5
(72.5)
28.2
(82.8)
34.4
(93.9)
35.9
(96.6)
34.4
(93.9)
31.1
(88)
25.1
(77.2)
18.7
(65.7)
11.6
(52.9)
23.0
(73.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
5.3
(41.5)
9.6
(49.3)
15.5
(59.9)
20.3
(68.5)
26.1
(79)
28.0
(82.4)
26.5
(79.7)
22.1
(71.8)
16.2
(61.2)
10.8
(51.4)
5.9
(42.6)
15.9
(60.6)
Average low °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
0.6
(33.1)
4.2
(39.6)
8.5
(47.3)
12.5
(54.5)
17.8
(64)
20.2
(68.4)
18.7
(65.7)
13.1
(55.6)
7.2
(45)
2.9
(37.2)
0.2
(32.4)
8.8
(47.8)
Record low °C (°F) −11.0
(12.2)
−11.0
(12.2)
−3.7
(25.3)
0.0
(32)
4.4
(39.9)
8.9
(48)
11.1
(52)
10.6
(51.1)
5.6
(42.1)
1.1
(34)
−3.0
(26.6)
−12.2
(10)
−12.2
(10)
Precipitation mm (inches) 38.4
(1.512)
63.8
(2.512)
97.3
(3.831)
71.7
(2.823)
43.9
(1.728)
5.1
(0.201)
4.9
(0.193)
8.0
(0.315)
7.3
(0.287)
15.6
(0.614)
20.4
(0.803)
38.5
(1.516)
414.9
(16.335)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 134.0 133.7 150.4 188.6 247.0 286.3 285.4 258.6 231.0 214.0 182.5 130.7 2,442.2
Source: NOAA (1971-1990) [3]

Languages[edit]

The general population mainly speak the Chitrali language (or Khowar).

Educational institutions[edit]

  • University of Chitral
  • New City College
  • Chitral University Campus
  • Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University
  • Qutaiba Public School Chitral Denin
  • Chitral Model College Chitral
  • Government Commerce College
  • Government Technical and Vocational College, Garum Chassma Road, Chitral
  • Government Degree College
  • Government Girls Degree College
  • University of Booni
  • Government Centennial Model High School
  • Government Centennial Model School for Girls
  • Government College of Commerce
  • Frontier Corp Public School
  • Chitral Public School & College, (Chitral's first English Medium School)
  • Langlands School and College, formerly known as Sayurj Public School
  • Pamir Public School
  • Pearl College of Education
  • Orion School Of learning Booni
  • Oxford School And College Booni
  • Iqra Model School
  • AFAQ model school and college, denin chitral
  • Terichmir Model School
  • Al-Nasir Community Based School, Garam Chashma
  • Chamber of Commerce College, Garam Chashma
  • Al-Nasir Cbs School and Degree College, Garam Chashma
  • Injigan Ideal Public school, (Garam chashma)
  • Model School, Warijun Mullkhow
  • Govt High School for Boys, Warijun Mullkhow
  • Drosh Public School, Drosh
  • Muslim Model School, Jughoor
  • Jinnah Public School, Drosh
  • Broze Public School & College, Broze Chitral
  • Broze Model College For Girls, Broze Chitral
  • Seen public school
  • Oriental Model School, Booni
  • Oriental Model College, Booni
  • Frontier Corps Public Schools and Colleges (FCPS&C)

Administration[edit]

Chitral is represented in the National Assembly[4] and Provincial Assembly by one elected MNA and two elected MPAs.[5]

Population[edit]

As of July 2014, the Chitral population is above one million.[citation needed] The Chitral culture is Islamic and Women are nearly invisible except to their male relatives and other women. They avoid walking the streets of the town, so men or children do most of the shopping.[6][7]

Sport[edit]

Unlike the rest of Pakistan where cricket dominates, polo and soccer are more popular in Chitral. A number of sport festivals and tournaments are held throughout the year. Chitral has also produced some national players such as Muhammad Rasool who plays for the national football team.

Newspapers[edit]

A few number of newspapers are published by Chitral Press

  • Chitral Today
  • Chitral Times
  • Chitral News
  • Awaaz-e-Chitral
  • The Kalash Times
  • Chitral Vision
  • Weekly Chitral

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gupta, Om. Town location&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ajdrUqqdGbCB7QbZn4DYAw&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAzgK#v=onepage&q=Chitral%20Town%20location&f=false Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ "Chitral, a Study in Statecraft". IUCN. 
  3. ^ "Chitral Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 
  4. ^ http://www2.ecp.gov.pk/vsite/ElectionResult/AllResults.aspx?assemblyid=NA
  5. ^ Constituencies and MPAs - Website of the Provincial Assembly of the NWFP[dead link]
  6. ^ Anna, Cara (23 January 2005). "Crossing the Great Divide: What could an American teaching and living in a remote Pakistani village learn from her students and neighbors? Plenty". Special to The Plain Dealer. Cleveland, Ohio: The Plain Dealer. 
  7. ^ Butt, Muhammad Shoaib; Bandara, Jayatilleke S (2009). Trade liberalization and regional disparity in Pakistan. Routledge studies in the growth economies of Asia 85. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-46595-3. OCLC 789423025. 

References[edit]

  • Decker, D. Kendall (1992). Languages of Chitral. 
  • Durand, Col. A. (1899). The Making of a frontier. 
  • Leitner, G. W. (First Reprint 1978). Dardistan in 1866, 1886 and 1893: Being An Account of the History, Religions, Customs, Legends, Fables and Songs of Gilgit, Chilas, Kandia (Gabrial) Yasin, Chitral, Hunza, Nagyr and other parts of the Hindukush, as also a supplement to the second edition of The Hunza and Nagyr Handbook. And An Epitome of Part III of the author’s The Languages and Races of Dardistan. New Delhi: Manjusri Publishing House.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]

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