Freeland in 2017
|13th Minister of Foreign Affairs|
Assumed office |
January 10, 2017
|Prime Minister||Justin Trudeau|
|Preceded by||Stéphane Dion|
|Minister of International Trade|
November 4, 2015 – January 10, 2017
|Prime Minister||Justin Trudeau|
|Preceded by||Ed Fast|
|Succeeded by||François-Philippe Champagne|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
Assumed office |
October 19, 2015
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
for Toronto Centre
November 24, 2013 – October 19, 2015
|Preceded by||Bob Rae|
|Succeeded by||Bill Morneau|
Christina Alexandra Freeland|
August 2, 1968
Peace River, Alberta, Canada
|Residence||Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
Harvard University (BA)|
St Antony's College, Oxford (MSt)
|Awards||Rhodes Scholarship (1993)|
Christina Alexandra "Chrystia" Freeland PC MP (born August 2, 1968) is a Canadian writer, journalist, and politician. She was appointed Canada's Minister of Foreign Affairs in January 2017, succeeding Stéphane Dion. She worked in a variety of editorial positions at the Financial Times, The Globe and Mail and Thomson Reuters (where she was the managing director and editor for consumer news), before announcing her intention to run for the Liberal Party nomination in the by-election to replace Bob Rae as the Member of Parliament for Toronto Centre. After winning the Liberal nomination on September 15, 2013, she was elected to parliament in the November 25, 2013 by-election. Appointed to the Cabinet of Canada as Minister of International Trade on November 4, 2015, Freeland was named that month as one of Toronto's 50 most influential by Toronto Life magazine. On January 10, 2017, Freeland was appointed the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Freeland is the author of Sale of the Century, a 2000 book about Russia's journey from communism to capitalism and Plutocrats: The Rise of the New Global Super-Rich and the Fall of Everyone Else in 2012. Plutocrats was a New York Times bestseller, and the winner of the 2013 Lionel Gelber Prize for non-fiction reporting on foreign affairs. It also won the 2013 National Business Book Award for the most outstanding Canadian business-related book.
Freeland was born in Peace River, Alberta. Her father, Donald Freeland, was a farmer and lawyer and a member of the Liberal Party of Canada, and her mother, Halyna (Chomiak) Freeland (1946–2007), was also a lawyer who ran for election in Edmonton Strathcona in the 1988 federal election, representing the New Democratic Party.
Her paternal grandfather, Wilbur Freeland, was a farmer and lawyer who rode in the Calgary Stampede, and whose sister, Beulah, was the wife of federal MP Ged Baldwin. Her paternal grandmother, Helen (Caulfield) Freeland, was a WWII war bride from Glasgow.
Her mother, Halyna Chomiak, was born in a displaced persons camp in Bad Wörishofen, Germany, to Ukrainian Catholic parents, Mykhailo Khomiak (Anglicized as Michael Chomiak) and Alexandra (Loban) Chomiak. As Ukraine experienced democratic backsliding from the 1990s, Freeland, who grew up in Alberta, saw "firsthand" the consequences, through her mother's activism as a "prominent member of the Ukrainian Canadian community."
Freeland's maternal grandfather, Mykhailo Khomiak in Ukrainian, was the editor-in-chief of a Ukrainian-language pro-Nazi newspaper called Krakivs'ki visti launched in Kraków in occupied Poland during World War II, with exposure orchestrated by Joseph Goebbels himself. Michael Chomiak has been characterized by the Canadian press as a "Nazi collaborator", although he may have been unwilling to take the top position. Freeland and others have claimed that the circulation of news in 2017 regarding her grandfather's connection to Nazism was the result of a Russian disinformation campaign, nevertheless these facts have been confirmed by the University of Alberta historian and Chomiak's son-in-law, Professor John-Paul Himka.
Freeland attended the United World College of the Adriatic in Italy. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree in Russian history and literature from Harvard University and a Master of Studies degree in Slavonic Studies from St Antony's College, Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar in 1993.
Freeland started her journalism career as a stringer for the Financial Times, The Washington Post and The Economist while working in Ukraine. Freeland later worked for the Financial Times in London as a deputy editor, and then as an editor for its weekend edition, FT.com, and UK news. Freeland also served as Moscow bureau chief and Eastern Europe correspondent for the Financial Times.
From 1999 to 2001 Freeland served as the deputy editor of The Globe and Mail. Next she worked as the managing director and editor of consumer news at Thomson Reuters. She was also a weekly columnist for the Globe and Mail. Previously she was editor of Thomson Reuters Digital, a position she held since April 2011. Prior to that she was the global editor-at-large of Reuters news since March 1, 2010, having formerly been the United States managing editor at the Financial Times, based in New York City.
She is the author of Sale of the Century, a 2000 book about Russia's journey from communism to capitalism and Plutocrats: The Rise of the New Global Super-Rich and the Fall of Everyone Else in 2012.
Plutocrats was a New York Times bestseller, and the winner of the 2013 Lionel Gelber Prize for non-fiction reporting on foreign affairs. It also won the 2013 National Business Book Award for the most outstanding Canadian business-related book.
On July 26, 2013 she left journalism to enter Canadian politics as a candidate for the nomination of the Liberal Party in the riding of Toronto Centre. On September 15, 2013 she won the nomination, with an opportunity to replace outgoing MP Bob Rae in the November 25, 2013 by-election. During the campaign she received criticism for purchasing a 1.3 million dollar home, although the price was consistent with Toronto's home prices. Freeland won 49% of the vote and was elected.
As the Liberal Party of Canada's trade critic, Freeland interviewed noted economist Larry Summers in a formal event at the 2014 Liberal Party convention; the interview is available on YouTube and the party website. Freeland wrote an op-ed in The New York Times, in which she contraposed the rise of the plutocrats with the popularity of the television series Downton Abbey.
On January 27, 2014, during the demonstrations leading up to the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, Freeland wrote an op-ed for The Globe and Mail, in which she excoriated the government of Viktor Yanukovich. She is a proponent of personal asset seizures and travel bans as part of programmes of economic sanctions. Later, at the beginning of March, Freeland visited Ukraine on behalf of the Liberal Party, and tweeted her progress in meeting community leaders and members of the government in Kyiv. She lunched with the chief rabbi of Kyiv, met with Mustafa Dzhemilev, leader of the Crimean Tatars and an MP, and with Vitaly Klitchko, who is leader of the Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform party, and with Ukrainian MP Petro Poroshenko, who was subsequently elected President of Ukraine in May 2014, Ukrainian presidential elections.
Freeland was one of thirteen Canadians banned from travelling to Russia under retaliatory sanctions imposed by Russian President Vladimir Putin in March 2014. She replied through her official Twitter feed, "Love Russ lang/culture, loved my yrs in Moscow; but it's an honour to be on Putin's sanction list, esp in company of friends Cotler & Grod."
In the riding redistribution of 2012 and 2013, much of Freeland's base was shifted from Toronto Centre to the new riding of University-Rosedale, while seemingly making Toronto Centre less safe for her. Then, in the 2015 federal election, Freeland opted to run in University-Rosedale, and defeated NDP challenger Jennifer Hollett.
Freeland was involved in negotiations leading up to the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), between Canada and the European Union, former PM Stephen Harper's "legacy project". CETA is Canada's "biggest trade deal since NAFTA". After it was signed October 30, 2016, Freeland made comments about "building bridges and not building walls".
In a Cabinet reshuffle on January 10, 2017, Freeland was appointed to the position of Foreign Affairs Minister of Canada, replacing Stéphane Dion. On March 6, 2017, together with Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan, Freeland announced Canada's military training mission in Ukraine would be extended until March 2019, maintaining the 200 soldiers previously mandated by the Harper government.
In August 2017, Freeland has instructed her department and officials to 'energetically' review reports of Canadian-made military vehicles being used against civilians in Shia-populated city of Al-Awamiyah by Saudi Arabian security forces.
Freeland appeared several times between 2010 and 2015 as a panelist on Real Time with Bill Maher. She has also made appearances on The McLaughlin Group, The Dylan Ratigan Show, Imus in the Morning, Fareed Zakaria GPS, and The Colbert Report. She is a frequent guest on public radio's political debate program Left, Right & Center, produced by KCRW. In addition, Freeland was featured on a panel discussion on Tom Ashbrook's On Point regarding inequality and democracy in the United States. In June 2013 she gave a speech at the TED Talks, speaking on the subjects of economic inequality, plutocracy, globalization, and "the growing gap between the working poor and the increasingly disconnected mega-rich."
|Canadian federal election, 2015|
|New Democratic||Jennifer Hollett||15,988||28.59||-15.24||$142,562.73|
|Animal Alliance||Simon Luisi||126||0.22||–||$153.10|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||55,925||100.0||$206,261.82|
|Total rejected ballots||–||–||–|
|Liberal notional gain from New Democratic||Swing||+17.24|
|Source: Elections Canada|
|November 25, 2013: Toronto CentreCanadian federal by-election,|
|Liberal||Chrystia Freeland||17,194||49.38||+8.37||$ 97,609.64|
|New Democratic||Linda McQuaig||12,640||36.30||+6.09||99,230.30|
|Progressive Canadian||Dorian Baxter||453||1.30||–|
|Independent||John "The Engineer" Turmel||56||0.16||–|
|Online Party||Michael Nicula||43||0.12||200.00|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||34,821||100.0||–||$ 101,793.06|
|Total rejected ballots||177||0.51||+0.12|
|By-election due to the resignation of Bob Rae.|
Freeland is married to Graham Bowley, a British writer and New York Times reporter. They have three children, Natalka, Halyna, and Ivan. She has lived in Toronto since the summer of 2013 when she returned from abroad to run for election. She speaks Ukrainian at home with her children. Apart from that and English, she speaks Italian and Russian, and is conversant in French. She is the co-owner, with her sister, of an apartment which overlooks the Maidan square in Kyiv.
Krakivs'ki visti published materials from German papers, especially the Nazi party organ Völkischer Beobachter, which appeared frequently. Articles were also translated from Berliner Illustrierte Nachtausgabe and all most important Berlin papers.
The Liberal Party’s star Toronto candidate, who has promised to advocate for the interests of Canada’s middle class, had to get her parents to co-sign a mortgage on a $1.3-million home in an affluent Toronto neighbourhood. Chrystia Freeland on Friday closed on the purchase of a three-storey townhouse in Summerhill, in the Toronto Centre riding.
With the Ottawa Citizen’s Glenn McGregor reporting on Friday that Chrystia Freeland and her husband recently bought a $1.3-million townhouse in Toronto’s distinctly upper-class Summerhill neighborhood, it was only a matter of time before the Toronto-Centre Liberal candidate was asked how she reconciled that with her and the party’s ‘struggling middle-class’ mantra.
It was a rather uncomfortable little soap opera that was played out in Brussels, complete with very public tears of disappointment coming from Canada’s International Trade Minister Chrystia Freeland
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chrystia Freeland.|
|29th Ministry – Cabinet of Justin Trudeau|
|Cabinet posts (2)|
|Ed Fast||Minister of International Trade
|Stéphane Dion||Minister of Foreign Affairs
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