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Citizen Party on Understanding
Citizen Party on Understanding
Published: 2015/09/09
Channel: Citizen Party
New party, Better party, Citizen Party
New party, Better party, Citizen Party
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: Citizen Party
Citizens
Citizens' party-campaign video
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: Divya Nachnani
New American Independent Party
New American Independent Party
Published: 2007/10/08
Channel: MiddleClass2008
EVERY AMERICAN EVER
EVERY AMERICAN EVER
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: Smosh
Top 10 Terrible Things the USA Did to its Own Citizens — TopTenzNet
Top 10 Terrible Things the USA Did to its Own Citizens — TopTenzNet
Published: 2016/01/15
Channel: TopTenz
How the Republican Party went from Lincoln to Trump
How the Republican Party went from Lincoln to Trump
Published: 2016/07/20
Channel: Vox
NAP: The New American Party
NAP: The New American Party
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Noah Manna
14th Amendment Citizen vs Sovereign Constitutional Citizen
14th Amendment Citizen vs Sovereign Constitutional Citizen
Published: 2015/05/09
Channel: A Graceful Watchman
Over 100 people become U.S. citizens in N.H. on 4th of July
Over 100 people become U.S. citizens in N.H. on 4th of July
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: WMUR-TV
Enlightened Citizens Party Commercial
Enlightened Citizens Party Commercial
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: josh ramirez
Carndonagh Senior Citizens
Carndonagh Senior Citizens' Party, Christmas 1986
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: Seamus O'Donnell
Former Soviet Citizen Confronts Revolutionary Communist Students Who Hate USA/Capitalism. Part 4/6
Former Soviet Citizen Confronts Revolutionary Communist Students Who Hate USA/Capitalism. Part 4/6
Published: 2012/09/21
Channel: Vladimir Jaffe
Concerned Citizens Party.
Concerned Citizens Party.
Published: 2009/10/25
Channel: powelldinho
What is Citizen Party?
What is Citizen Party?
Published: 2015/09/12
Channel: Citizen Party
Anonymous - Message to the Citizens of America
Anonymous - Message to the Citizens of America
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Anonymous Official
U.S Gold Senior Citizen Party 2011
U.S Gold Senior Citizen Party 2011
Published: 2013/07/15
Channel: Felicity Ingraham
US citizens gathered at Republican and Democrat parties
US citizens gathered at Republican and Democrat parties
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Citizen Party Introduction
Citizen Party Introduction
Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: Citizen Party
"Keep Your Hands Of Our Guns" Damn It - Sheriff Says Armed Citizens Make America Free - F&F
"Keep Your Hands Of Our Guns" Damn It - Sheriff Says Armed Citizens Make America Free - F&F
Published: 2014/04/28
Channel: Mass Tea Party - Wake Up America!
Proud American: Meet some of America
Proud American: Meet some of America's newest citizens
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Fox News
The Inconvenient Truth About the Democratic Party
The Inconvenient Truth About the Democratic Party
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: PragerU
"Citizen
"Citizen's Revenge" U.S back to back CD Release Party
Published: 2016/07/15
Channel: Lolitadarkmusic
Press Conference at NBC - Random House for Natural Born Citizen Party National Committee
Press Conference at NBC - Random House for Natural Born Citizen Party National Committee
Published: 2015/05/08
Channel: Christopher Strunk
LA Party Cab..A new US citizen sharing his Chinese culture in LA
LA Party Cab..A new US citizen sharing his Chinese culture in LA
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: Hana Laplant Jabari
Citizen Party of R316 Campaign Ad #2
Citizen Party of R316 Campaign Ad #2
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: Carly Selleck
The Benghazi Impeachment Myth
The Benghazi Impeachment Myth
Published: 2014/05/14
Channel: Thom Hartmann Program
#Elections 2016: Inter-party violence raises fear amongst citizens
#Elections 2016: Inter-party violence raises fear amongst citizens
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: Eyewitness News
American Citizen Party Candidate, 2016 (made with Spreaker)
American Citizen Party Candidate, 2016 (made with Spreaker)
Published: 2015/01/16
Channel: The LNM Radio Network
TRY these FUNNY Party GAMES Ideas : Parlor Compilation 😂 😂 😂
TRY these FUNNY Party GAMES Ideas : Parlor Compilation 😂 😂 😂
Published: 2015/11/07
Channel: vevodog
**What
**What's a 'Natural Born Citizen' and why a U.S. President Must Be One, with KrisAnne Hall**
Published: 2015/08/24
Channel: Mert Melfa
Naturalized Citizens Run Political Party Maze
Naturalized Citizens Run Political Party Maze
Published: 2014/09/18
Channel: KPBS News
1960 U.S. Presidential Election Ad - Citizens for John F. Kennedy & Lyndon B. Johnson
1960 U.S. Presidential Election Ad - Citizens for John F. Kennedy & Lyndon B. Johnson
Published: 2014/11/22
Channel: CBGP Television
Germ Warfare Covertly Waged On U.S.  Citizens Since The 1950
Germ Warfare Covertly Waged On U.S. Citizens Since The 1950's
Published: 2015/10/17
Channel: The Alex Jones Channel
America
America's Party 2016 Presidential Nominee Tom Hoefling
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: Awakening Liberty Show
Aledo, Illinois Citizen
Aledo, Illinois Citizen's Party Candidates - 2011
Published: 2011/03/24
Channel: Ralyns
Westray Senior Citizens
Westray Senior Citizens' Party 2008 - part three
Published: 2013/03/20
Channel: Malcolm Cinnamond
Michael Cross - The Citizens Of Oregon Are Slaves To The Democrat Governor And Congress
Michael Cross - The Citizens Of Oregon Are Slaves To The Democrat Governor And Congress
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: The Common Sense Conservative
Do U.S. Israeli Dual Citizens Run America
Do U.S. Israeli Dual Citizens Run America's Government?!?
Published: 2014/09/07
Channel: R.A.W.W. - Raising Awareness World Wide
Puppy party!!!  The newest USA citizens
Puppy party!!! The newest USA citizens
Published: 2012/02/24
Channel: Michelle Smith
Emily Blunt Takes the REAL U.S. Citizenship Test
Emily Blunt Takes the REAL U.S. Citizenship Test
Published: 2015/09/09
Channel: Jimmy Kimmel Live
What Is The Primary Election For?
What Is The Primary Election For?
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: Wade Wade
How is power divided in the United States government? - Belinda Stutzman
How is power divided in the United States government? - Belinda Stutzman
Published: 2013/04/12
Channel: TED-Ed
Donald Trump "Democrats Have Taken Advantage Of The African American Citizens!"
Donald Trump "Democrats Have Taken Advantage Of The African American Citizens!"'
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: wwwMOXNEWScom
New Citizens Celebrate July 4th With Oath Of Allegiance
New Citizens Celebrate July 4th With Oath Of Allegiance
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: CBS Boston
Obama legal targeting of United States Citizens: at least 1 American killed
Obama legal targeting of United States Citizens: at least 1 American killed
Published: 2013/02/09
Channel: NewsSoundbites
Emily Blunt Jokes She Regretted Becoming A Citizen After GOP Debate
Emily Blunt Jokes She Regretted Becoming A Citizen After GOP Debate
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: The Young Turks
Introduction: Crash Course U.S. Government and Politics
Introduction: Crash Course U.S. Government and Politics
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: CrashCourse
Filing Requirements for U.S. Residents and U.S. Citizens Living Abroad
Filing Requirements for U.S. Residents and U.S. Citizens Living Abroad
Published: 2015/10/18
Channel: Pacific Northwest Tax School
Foreign bank asks me if I
Foreign bank asks me if I'm US Citizen
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: Druanna
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Citizens Party
Founded May 15, 1979 (May 15, 1979)
Dissolved December 31, 1987 (December 31, 1987)
Succeeded by Consumer Party; (indirectly) Green Party
Ideology Environmentalism
Liberalism
Political position

Fiscal: Left

Social: Left
International affiliation None

The Citizens Party was a political party in the United States. It was founded in Washington, D.C. by Barry Commoner, who wanted to gather under one umbrella political organization all the environmentalist and liberal groups which were unsatisfied with President Carter's administration. The Citizens Party registered with the Federal Elections Commission at the end of 1979. Commoner, a professor of environmental science at Washington University in St. Louis, was the head of the Center for the Biology of Natural Systems in St. Louis and editor of Science Illustrated magazine.

The Citizens Party platform was pro-environmental in nature. Some have claimed that it was possibly socialist as well, but this claim arose from a misunderstanding of the economic democracy platform of the party, which appears to be a form of corporatism. Commoner clearly stated repeatedly that socialism for parts of the economy other than essential infrastructure was a disastrous idea. His economic democracy idea stated that the business of business is to do business, but that the business of government is to regulate business to prevent abuses.

In all, the party was founded around four essential platforms, including economic democracy.

History[edit]

1980 election cycle[edit]

§The first Citizens Party National Convention met in Cleveland in the Cleveland Plaza Hotel from April 10 to 13, 1980. There were 260 delegates from 30 states present. The "proposals presented at the convention reportedly numbered some 300 items, a list largely irreducible to a manageable platform. . . Units of the party organization on the state level thus became more or less responsible for delineating their own briefer versions of the list of goals" (Kruschke, p. 46). The Party nominated Barry Commoner for President, and La Donna Harris (then, at that time, the wife of Democratic U.S. Senator Fred Harris of Oklahoma) for Vice President. La Donna Harris was "a leading feminist and a Comanche Indian [who] labeled herself as 'a woman of color.'"

In order to increase public awareness of its existence, the Citizens Party ran a commercial on 600 radio stations which used profanity (the advertisement began with an actor exclaiming: "Bullshit! ... Carter, Reagan and Anderson, it's all bullshit!"). Several of the radio stations tried to remove the profanity, but the Federal Communications Commission forbade them to do so.[1]

As the party's candidate for President in 1980, Commoner achieved ballot status in 29 states (22 and DC under the Citizens Party label, six as an Independent, and in Pennsylvania with the Consumer Party), although his major activity was centered in California, Illinois, Michigan, New York, and Pennsylvania.

In addition to the national ticket, there were 22 other Citizens candidates on the ballot in various states including three for the U.S. Senate and eleven for the U.S. House. Commoner received 221,083 votes. Although Commoner did not garner more than one percent in any state, the party received enough support to be the first minor party to qualify for federal matching funds (about $157,000) for the 1984 election.

1982 election cycle[edit]

In 1981, the Citizens Party had its first successful election of a candidate running under the Citizens Party label, with the election of Terry Bouricius to the Board of Aldermen in Burlington, VT. In 1982, the Citizens Party offered two candidates for Governor (PA and Texas), three candidates for the Senate (PA, Texas, and VT), and 15 candidates for the U.S. House.

1984 election cycle[edit]

In 1984, the Citizens Party held its second national convention at Hamline University in St. Paul MN from August 10 to 12, 1984. There were 125 delegates from 30 states present. The convention nominated Sonia Johnson of Virginia, “a radical feminist” for President and Richard Walton of Rhode Island for Vice President. Johnson had been excommunicated from the LDS Church in 1979 as a result of her outspoken support of the Equal Rights Amendment. In 1982 Johnson undertook a publicized 37-day fast which was designed to encourage the legislature of IL to ratify the ERA.

Two other minor parties endorsed the Citizens ticket in 1984. The Socialist Party USA National Convention in New York City from September 3 to 5, 1983 voted to try to run a joint ticket with the Citizens Party, and the Peace and Freedom Party in California endorsed Johnson for President (although it ran Emma Wong Mar for Vice President).

In spite of the two additional endorsements, the Citizens Party suffered serious setbacks during 1984. It ran fewer candidates for office: one for the Senate (IL), one for Governor (VT), and two for the U.S. House. Johnson appeared on the ballot in thirteen states under the Citizens banner, two as an Independent, one (AR) as the Citizens Group nominee, and one (PA) as the Consumer nominee. The Citizens Party vote fell by two thirds – to 72,153 although Johnson significantly improved upon Commoner’s totals in PA and in LA.

1986 election cycle and party dissolution[edit]

In the 1986 election, the Citizens Party once again offered four candidates: two for Governor (PA and RI), one for the Senate (PA), and one for the U.S. House (MN). Two of these four candidates were actually Consumer Party candidates in PA.

After the disappointing number of votes cast in favor of the Citizens Party nominees, the Party disintegrated. The 1987 Socialist Party National Convention nominated its own Presidential ticket of Willa Kenoyer (a former co-chair of the Citizens Party) and Ron Ehrenreich for 1988, while the Consumer Party in Pennsylvania resumed its separate existence, picking up the remaining pieces of the Citizens Party.

Presidential election summary[edit]

The Citizens Party nominated two candidates for President of the United States:

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Citizens Party, "News from National: Campaign Summaries," Citizens Party News Bulletin, June 17, 1981. —1980 vote totals.
  • Citizens Party, Platform of the Citizens/Consumer Party" As Adopted at Party Convention, April 1980. n.c.: Citizens Party, 1980.
  • Jeffrey Gale, Bullshit: The Media As Power Brokers in Presidential Elections. Bold Hawk Press, 1988.
  • Charles S. Hauss, "Citizens Party," in L. Sandy Maisel (ed.) Political Parties and Elections in the United States. New York: Garland Publishing, 1991; pg. 147.
  • James T. Havel, U.S. Presidential Candidates and the Elections. New York: Macmillan Library Reference USA, 1996.
  • Earl R. Kruschke (ed.) "Citizens’ Party" in Encyclopedia of Third Parties in the United States. Santa Barbara CA: ABC-CLIO, 1991; pg. 45.
  • New York Citizens Party, The Citizens Party Salutes Gay Pride Week; Vote for Barry Commoner for President and LaDonna Harris for Vice-President in 1980. New York: Citizens Party, 1980.
  • Edward L. Schapsmeier and Frederick H. Schapsmeier (eds.), "Citizen’s Party (CP)," in Political Parties and Civic Action Groups. Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 1981; pg. 96.


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