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Ciudad de Aguilares y sus tiempos de antaño.
Ciudad de Aguilares y sus tiempos de antaño.
Published: 2012/08/26
Channel: johnnybronw100
Autogeek TV Commercial - Ways to Order
Autogeek TV Commercial - Ways to Order
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Autogeek
Complaint Rate and Divisions (Office of the City Prosecutor - Makati)
Complaint Rate and Divisions (Office of the City Prosecutor - Makati)
Published: 2015/09/09
Channel: UNTV News and Rescue
Community Health Workers: Their Role in Preventing and Controlling Chronic Conditions
Community Health Workers: Their Role in Preventing and Controlling Chronic Conditions
Published: 2015/07/10
Channel: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Black America - The Way Forward:  Post Obama in the Trump Era
Black America - The Way Forward: Post Obama in the Trump Era
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: cunytv75
Social Media, Government & 21st Century eDemocracy
Social Media, Government & 21st Century eDemocracy
Published: 2012/03/08
Channel: US National Archives
Jack Rakove’s class on the future of the Constitution
Jack Rakove’s class on the future of the Constitution
Published: 2015/04/10
Channel: Stanford
KEMET.1
KEMET.1
Published: 2012/11/30
Channel: Kali Sayyid
NCUA Webinar: How to be in Compliance with OFAC and FinCEN - Part 1 (5/21/2014)
NCUA Webinar: How to be in Compliance with OFAC and FinCEN - Part 1 (5/21/2014)
Published: 2016/05/24
Channel: NCUAchannel
The 2016 US Presidential Election: Examining Possible Health Care Futures
The 2016 US Presidential Election: Examining Possible Health Care Futures
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
Assistant Presiding Judge Brian Walsh Comments on SEC Report
Assistant Presiding Judge Brian Walsh Comments on SEC Report
Published: 2012/06/28
Channel: CaliforniaCourts
Going Public On The OTC Market
Going Public On The OTC Market
Published: 2015/03/31
Channel: Legal & Compliance, LLC
The Actual Cane Sugar Process , Karen State
The Actual Cane Sugar Process , Karen State
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: sarthit medhasith Suksumret
Mayor Carvalho
Mayor Carvalho's State of the County Address 2016
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Kauai Sports
1110 Brickell Ave #704,Miami,FL 33131 Commercial For Sale
1110 Brickell Ave #704,Miami,FL 33131 Commercial For Sale
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: Carlton Commercial
Uruguay
Uruguay
Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: National Informations
Collier County MultiFamily Trash and Recycling Pickup
Collier County MultiFamily Trash and Recycling Pickup
Published: 2016/07/22
Channel: Collier Television
Karlene "K" Turrentine PROFILE; Superior Court Judge Candidate - Wake County, NC
Karlene "K" Turrentine PROFILE; Superior Court Judge Candidate - Wake County, NC
Published: 2016/04/30
Channel: Brios Media Group
Inspirational Leaders Luncheon with Kat Cole, President of Cinnabon
Inspirational Leaders Luncheon with Kat Cole, President of Cinnabon
Published: 2014/08/04
Channel: Mike Cottrell College of Business
Louisville’s Ferguson Moment | The New York Times
Louisville’s Ferguson Moment | The New York Times
Published: 2014/12/22
Channel: The New York Times
Webinar - QuickBooks (Desktop) for New Nonprofits - 2017-03-08
Webinar - QuickBooks (Desktop) for New Nonprofits - 2017-03-08
Published: 2017/03/09
Channel: TechSoupVideo
In Myanmar, violent crackdown continues in Rakhine state
In Myanmar, violent crackdown continues in Rakhine state
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: National Informations
Panel #1: Politics and Policy in the Conduct of Solar System Exploration - PART 1
Panel #1: Politics and Policy in the Conduct of Solar System Exploration - PART 1
Published: 2012/11/21
Channel: NASA
1110 Brickell Ave # 704,Miami,FL 33131 Commercial For Sale
1110 Brickell Ave # 704,Miami,FL 33131 Commercial For Sale
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: Carlton Commercial
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Geography mapping: Location of important straits (Google maps)
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: Thinkers IAS
NAIA National Championships
NAIA National Championships
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: WPTV News | West Palm Beach Florida
Supreme Court: The Term in Review (2011-2012)
Supreme Court: The Term in Review (2011-2012)
Published: 2012/10/03
Channel: United States Courts
Bahamas
Bahamas
Published: 2014/06/02
Channel: National Informations
24 Facts about Alaska
24 Facts about Alaska
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: 1 Mega Videos Channel
1110 Brickell Ave # 703,Miami,FL 33131 Commercial For Sale
1110 Brickell Ave # 703,Miami,FL 33131 Commercial For Sale
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: Carlton Commercial
Mayor Manheimer on New Police Chief
Mayor Manheimer on New Police Chief
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: WLOS News 13
Kansas Court of Appeals Oral Arguments April 14, 2015 – Morning Docket
Kansas Court of Appeals Oral Arguments April 14, 2015 – Morning Docket
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: JCCCvideo
What to Do in Dubai | 36 Hours Travel Videos | The New York Times
What to Do in Dubai | 36 Hours Travel Videos | The New York Times
Published: 2015/03/19
Channel: The New York Times
Demystifying the Estate Planning Process
Demystifying the Estate Planning Process
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: RIT Alumni
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Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: Jeff Quitney
America in the Trump Era: The Future of Trade
America in the Trump Era: The Future of Trade
Published: 2017/02/08
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Zika Action Plan Summit: Science Plenary
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Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
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Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: All Over the World
Mona El-Naggar Responds to Comments on
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Published: 2015/04/03
Channel: The New York Times
Richard White: "American West"
Richard White: "American West"
Published: 2016/02/24
Channel: OU IACH
Israel Launches Military Operation Against Hamas In The Gaza Strip - The Kelly File
Israel Launches Military Operation Against Hamas In The Gaza Strip - The Kelly File
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: MTPAmerica
04/27/17 Planning Commission Meeting
04/27/17 Planning Commission Meeting
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: MetroNashville
Governor Christie On Judge Bauman: The Regard Of The Senate For His Qualifications Is Unquestionable
Governor Christie On Judge Bauman: The Regard Of The Senate For His Qualifications Is Unquestionable
Published: 2016/02/29
Channel: GovChristie
Cuba
Cuba
Published: 2014/06/02
Channel: National Informations
IAAP - 2012 Canada Divisions
IAAP - 2012 Canada Divisions' Conference - June 7-9 2012
Published: 2012/05/18
Channel: Intrigue Media: Video Advertising
Kimberly D Lewis PUNCH #189 candidate for 7th Sub-Circuit
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Published: 2012/03/11
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07/11/17 MNPS Board Meeting
07/11/17 MNPS Board Meeting
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: MetroNashville
Pendleton attorney picked to lead state GOP.
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Published: 2016/12/14
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Korea Documentary: Pro Wrestling in Korea, Country Shows its Fun Side!
Korea Documentary: Pro Wrestling in Korea, Country Shows its Fun Side!
Published: 2014/03/24
Channel: World Documentary Channel
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from City (Florida))
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A map of Florida showing county names and boundaries

Local governments are established by the government of Florida and are given varying amounts of non-exclusive authority over their jurisdictions. The law governing the creation of these governments is contained both within the Florida Constitution and Florida Statutes. Local governments are incorporated in Florida by special acts of the Florida Legislature. There are four types of local governments in Florida: counties, municipalities, school districts, and special districts.[1]

In some cases, the municipal and county governments have merged into a consolidated government. However, smaller municipal governments can be created inside of a consolidated municipality/county. In Jacksonville, the municipal government has taken over the responsibilities normally given to the county government, Duval County, and smaller municipalities exist within it.

Both counties and cities may have a legislative branch (commissions or councils) and executive branch (mayor or manager) and local police, but violations are brought before a county court. Counties and municipalities are authorized to pass laws (ordinances), levy taxes, and provide public services within their jurisdictions. All areas of Florida are located within a county, but only some areas have been incorporated into municipalities. All municipalities are located within a county and the county jurisdiction overlays the municipal jurisdiction. Usually, if there is a conflict between a county ordinance and a municipal ordinance, the municipal ordinance has precedence within the municipality's borders; however, the overlaying county's ordinances have precedence if the overlaying county has been designated a charter county by the Florida Legislature.[1]

Counties and municipalities may create community development agencies which may take part of the money from taxes on increases in property values from their area of interest. They then use the money received in reinvestment (improvements) in the area.[2]

Local government is not required to pay for health care insurance for government retirees. As of 2010, none do.[3]

In 2011, researchers at Florida State University said that Florida's cities and counties have promised pensions they cannot afford. Pension obligations constituted 8% of total spending by local governments in 2009.[4]

Counties[edit]

Florida consists of 67 counties, with most of Florida's counties named for local or national political leaders. Some are named for Spanish explorers or conquistadors, marking the influence of 200 years of Spanish rule. Natural features of the region, including rivers, lakes, and flora, are also commonly used for county names. Florida has counties named for participants on both sides of Second Seminole War: Miami-Dade County is partially named for Francis L. Dade, a Major in the U.S. Army at the time; Osceola County is named for a Native American resistance leader during the war.

Each county has officers considered "state" officers, which are elected locally, their offices and salaries paid locally, but who can be removed or replaced by the governor, and not locally. These are the Sheriff, State Attorney, Public Defender, Tax Collector, County Clerk, a county Appraiser who established the value of real estate for tax purposes, and county judges.

Each sheriff operates under Florida Statute 30.15.[5]

By State Law there is one school district comprising each of the counties in Florida.[6]

To provide liquidity to counties when tax bills are not paid, Florida operates under the tax lien sale process, whereby liens are sold for the amount of back taxes, interest, and costs. In Florida, bidders bid on the rate of interest (beginning at 18%) they will accept; the bidder offering the lowest rate is awarded the tax lien certificate. Once a lien has been outstanding for approximately 22 months (technically, April 1 of the second year following the year when the tax lien was originally offered for sale),[7] the tax lien holder may petition the circuit court (via the county tax collector) to begin the process for the tax deed sale of the property.

Municipalities[edit]

Municipalities in Florida may be called towns, cities, or villages, but there is no legal distinction between the different terms. Municipalities often have police departments, fire departments, and provide essential services such as water, waste collection, etc. In unincorporated areas of a county, the county itself provides these services. Municipalities may also enter agreements with the county to have the county provide certain services. Each county has a sheriff who also tends to have concurrent jurisdiction with municipal police departments.[1][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Dye, T.R., Jewett, A. & MacManus, S.A. (2007) Politics in Florida. Tallahassee: John Scott Dailey Florida Institute of Government.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-04. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  3. ^ Edmondson, Raymond (16 February 2011). "Stop the fear mongering". Florida Today. Melbourne, Florida. pp. 9A. 
  4. ^ "Fort Lauderdale: Study finds promised penions too costly". Florida Today. Melbourne, Florida. 11 February 2011. pp. 8B. 
  5. ^ Judicial Process Unit. Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. 2011. 
  6. ^ "School Nurses". Merritt Island, Florida: Space Coast Medicine and Healthy Living. March–April 2009. pp. 21–33. 
  7. ^ Thus, a lienholder purchasing a lien at the sale in 2016 – sales are usually held in late May but cannot start later than June 1 – would have to wait until April 1, 2018, before taking action to foreclose.
  8. ^ Municipal codes and ordinances

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