|City of Bankstown
New South Wales
Location in Metropolitan Sydney
|Population||182,352 (2011) (15th)|
|• Density||2,374/km² (6,148.6/sq mi)|
|Area||76.8 km² (29.7 sq mi)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10)|
|• Summer (DST)||AEDT (UTC+11)|
|Mayor||Khal Asfour (Labor)|
In 2006, the NSW government released a planning strategy for Metropolitan Sydney, known as the City of Cities plan for Sydney. The plan identified Bankstown as a 'major centre' for the south west Sydney region. Bankstown Airport was also identified as a 'specialist centre' and the Hume Highway as part of a potential transport corridor.
These are the suburbs and localities in the local government area:
At the 2011 Census, there were 182,352 people in the Bankstown local government area, of these 49.3% were male and 50.7% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.8% of the population. The median age of people in the City of Bankstown was 35 years, which is slightly lower than the national median of 37 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 21.7% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.7% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 52.1% were married and 11.0% were either divorced or separated.
Population growth in the City of Bankstown between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census was 3.43%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 6.96%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% respectively, population growth in Bankstown local government area was approximately 75% of the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Bankstown was slightly lower than the national average.
At the 2011 Census, the proportion of residents in the Bankstown local government area who stated their ancestry as Lebanese, was in excess of eight times the national average. The proportion of residents who stated an affiliation with Islam was in excess of eleven times the national average. Meanwhile, as at the Census date, the area was linguistically diverse, with Arabic or Vietnamese languages spoken in 30% of households, both languages approximately seven times the national averages.
|Selected historical census data for Bankstown local government area|
|Population||Estimated residents on Census night||164,841||170,489||182,352|
|LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales||6th|
|% of New South Wales population||2.64%|
|% of Australian population||0.88%||0.86%||0.85%|
|Cultural and language diversity|
(other than English)
|Median weekly incomes|
|Personal income||Median weekly personal income||A$372||A$428|
|% of Australian median income||79.8%||74.2%|
|Family income||Median weekly family income||A$926||A$1,228|
|% of Australian median income||90.2%||82.9%|
|Household income||Median weekly household income||A$1,069||A$1,091|
|% of Australian median income||91.3%||88.4%|
Bankstown City Council is composed of twelve Councillors elected proportionally as four separate wards, each electing three Councillors. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 8 September 2012, and the makeup of the Council is as follows:
|Australian Labor Party||7|
|Liberal Party of Australia||4|
The current Council, elected in 2012, in order of election by ward, is:
|East Ward||Khal Asfour||Labor||Mayor|
|North Ward||Alex Kuskoff||Labor|
|South Ward||Jim Daniel||Liberal|
|Scott Parker||Independent||Deputy Mayor|
|West Ward||Glen Waud||Liberal|
District of Banks Town was named by Governor Hunter in 1797 in honour of botanist Sir Joseph Banks, who travelled to Australia with Captain James Cook in 1770. The area was discovered during an expedition of the Georges River by George Bass and Matthew Flinders. The area of first European settlement along the river has been partially preserved as part of the Mirrumbeena Regional Reserve. Bankstown also includes large areas of the Georges River National Park.
The Bankstown Bunker was an exact replica of the underground Ops rooms of wartime England, which directed Britain's air defence fighter plane attacks on the invading German Luftwaffe. Entrance to the bunker was obtained through a concrete passageway which was well screened by a grassy slope; a stairway led to a virtual maze of corridors and hallways leading to various sections. There were two points into to the bunker (escape hatches) which were guarded by military police, and access was gained via the bottom level.
The walls of the bunker could almost withstand a direct hit from a 300 pounds (140 kg) bomb. It had all the attenuated fixtures necessary to run a top secret operational defence base. It consisted of three Fixer Stations and one Homing Station. The bunker was also equipped with its own code room, plotting rooms, two escape tunnels and a radio transmitter room. In the centre of the bunker was a large room of about two-stories in height. This was the main operations room and control centre for all RAAF Missions in the Pacific area.
The Bankstown City region is approximately 76 square kilometres (29 sq mi) and has a population density of about 21.46 people per hectare. The boundaries of Bankstown City are, clockwise, the Prospect water supply pipeline and Liverpool Road (also known as Hume Highway) along the north, Roberts Road, Juno Parade, Koala Road, Punchbowl Road, Canterbury Road and the Salt Pan Creek along the east, the Georges River in the south and the Georges River, Prospect Creek, the Hume Highway and Woodville Road along the west. Salt Pan Creek is a saltmarsh and mangrove swamp that extends from Canterbury Road to Georges River.
Paul Keating Park, in the centre of Bankstown, stands on the old site of the Council Administration building, which burned down in an accidental fire in 1997. The Park is used for a variety of concerts and festivals (including the annual Bankstown Christmas Carols), and is otherwise a large playing field. Nowadays, all of the Council operations are contained in the Civic Tower, adjacent to the Park. Bankstown Town Hall faces opposite.
The local economy in Bankstown City is fairly diverse. There is a large number of manufacturing businesses in around Bankstown. There is also a large number of service and administrative jobs, particularly in the Bankstown city centre.
Some large businesses are established in the Bankstown City area including printing presses for the Fairfax Media titles including The Sydney Morning Herald and The Sun-Herald and printing presses for the News Limited mastheads, The Australian, The Daily Telegraph and The Sunday Telegraph, both at Chullora. Bankstown Airport and the surrounding industrial areas in Revesby and Milperra are centres of economic activity. Airtex Aviation has its head office on the grounds of the airport.
Approximately 61,000 people work within the city, over two–thirds of which come from outside the City of Bankstown, and just under a third of workers live in the city itself. Unemployment is significant in the area and some local residents receiving benefits are subject to a local income management project conducted by the Federal Government.
There are a wide variety of commercial shops. Most notable is the large and extensive shopping centre, Centro Bankstown (formerly known as Bankstown Square). It opened in 1966 and in July 2006 completed its most recent expansion. Other shopping precincts include the Compass Centre and various stores in the Bankstown Plaza, a large pedestrian thoroughfare located near the Bankstown railway station.
There is also a number of town centres in suburbs of the city. Other shopping centres include Bass Hill Plaza and Chullora Market Place.
Bankstown is home to the University of Western Sydney Bankstown Campus. The Campus is located in Milperra, about 5–10 minutes drive from the central business district of Bankstown. The University is the main UWS Campus for arts, linguistics and humanities. There are a number of TAFE Colleges in the city, with one located within the city itself. There is also a number of senior colleges. Bankstown has numerous public and private schools including Catholic and Islamic Schools in the city.
Bankstown's first public school was built in 1880. In 1882 49 boys and 36 girls were enrolled, and upkeep expenses totalled £219 8s 11p. The school's first headmaster was Dugald McLeod who taught at the school until 1912. The school was demolished in 1924 due to the development of North Bankstown School in the same year.
Bankstown Town Hall, in the City Centre, holds a number of entertainment and cultural events throughout the year. Some of the Major events in the City include Australia Day and Carols by Candlelight. Australia Day celebrations are held on the Georges River foreshore and attract large crowds. Carols are normally held in the City Centre, at Paul Keating Park. During April an Autumn Fair is held in Yagoona.
There are two local newspapers, The Express and The Torch. The Torch is more Bankstown City based, whilst The Express covers both Bankstown and neighbouring local government area Canterbury. BFM is a locally based community radio station. There is also a local web based news and information service, Bankstown Community Information .
Bankstown City was also home to the Sydney 2000 Olympic Dunc Gray Velodrome. The Velodrome now holds The Roosters International Cycling Events. In 2007, events were held at the location as part of the Australian Youth Olympics 2007.
There are several junior rugby league and soccer teams. Some main fields include the Crest, Walshaw Park, Middleton Park and Graf Park. There is also a Basketball Stadium in the City, and a horse raceway.
The City Council manages four swimming centres, in Birrong, Greenacre, Revesby and Villawood. The Wran Leisure Centre in Villawood also includes a sauna, squash and tennis courts. There is one public Golf Course, Sefton Golf Course, and a number of private ones.
Bankstown has 293 parks covering 730 hectares (1,800 acres) within its city limits. There are 41 sports grounds, 12 community parks and 18 natural parklands. In the CBD, major parks include Bankstown Oval, McLeod Reserve, Paul Keating Park and Bankstown City Gardens. Other major parks include Mirambeena Regional Park, The Crest, O'Neill Park, Terry Lamb Complex, Garrison Point, Jensen Oval and the extensive parklands around Georges River, among others. The entrance to Georges River National Park is also located within the city.
Bankstown's main hospital is the Bankstown Lidcombe Hospital, a 454-bed major metropolitan acute general hospital.
Major educational sites include the Bankstown Campus of the University of Western Sydney, and TAFE NSW Bankstown College. Bankstown also has a large central library, which services the Bankstown metropolitan area, alongside smaller branches in other suburbs including Padstow, Panania, Greenacre and Chester Hill.
The M5 motorway runs through the Bankstown suburbs of Padstow, Revesby and Milperra, and is accessible by ramps on Henry Lawson Drive, The River Road and Fairford Road. The M5 links Bankstown to Sydney International Airport, Sydney City, Campbelltown and other outer south-western suburbs.
Other major routes to the City include Canterbury Road and the Hume Highway. Stacey Street is a main north-south route. There is also a scenic Henry Lawson Drive which runs along the Georges River Foreshore.
Railway formed an important part of the development of Bankstown. After the extension of the railway from Belmore to Bankstown, rapid development of the area followed - so much so that the commercial centre of Bankstown moved from its former position in Irish Town (Now Yagoona) on Liverpool Road to the vicinity of Bankstown railway station.
Today, two railway lines of the CityRail network provide passenger services to the Bankstown local government area. Yagoona, Bankstown, Wiley Park and Punchbowl railway stations of the Bankstown line line service the north part of the local government area, while Padstow, Revesby, Panania and East Hills railway stations of the East Hills railway line service the south. The Bankstown Line will be altered as part of CityRail's Clearways project. The Bankstown Line will now run from Liverpool to the City via Bankstown, or Liverpool to Lidcombe via Regents Park. Commuters on the Bankstown Line will not longer be able to catch a direct service to the City via Regents Park and Lidcombe without changing lines at Lidcombe station.
Bankstown is also served by the Sydney Freight Terminal in Chullora. The intermodal terminal is one of Sydney's largest freight terminals.
Bankstown Airport is Australia's busiest general aviation airport. It is located west of the CBD. The Airport site is owned by the Federal government.
Notable past and present residents include:
Sister Cities of Bankstown include:
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