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Reflection at the Civil Rights Memorial
Reflection at the Civil Rights Memorial
Published: 2011/11/22
Channel: Kawaski Nelson Media
Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery
Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery
Published: 2006/10/09
Channel: leelue
The Civil Rights Memorial Center in Montgomery, Alabama
The Civil Rights Memorial Center in Montgomery, Alabama
Published: 2015/03/24
Channel: Southern Poverty Law Center
civil rights memorial
civil rights memorial
Published: 2010/06/11
Channel: riversbend
Civil Rights Memorial Center, Montgomery, Alabama
Civil Rights Memorial Center, Montgomery, Alabama
Published: 2012/03/09
Channel: The GypsyNesters
Civil Rights Leader Martin Luther King Honored with Memorial
Civil Rights Leader Martin Luther King Honored with Memorial
Published: 2011/08/25
Channel: VOA News
civil rights memorial center
civil rights memorial center
Published: 2015/10/02
Channel: FreeTravelWithUs
Civil Rights Memorial
Civil Rights Memorial
Published: 2015/10/01
Channel: FreeTravelWithUs
Civil Rights Memorial
Civil Rights Memorial
Published: 2014/03/08
Channel: Steve Piscitelli
Mamie Till - Civil Rights Memorial dedication
Mamie Till - Civil Rights Memorial dedication
Published: 2012/09/03
Channel: Mamie Till Mobley
What Matters - Civil Rights Memorial at the Capitol
What Matters - Civil Rights Memorial at the Capitol
Published: 2009/02/12
Channel: WHROTV
Civil Rights Memorial.wmv
Civil Rights Memorial.wmv
Published: 2012/02/05
Channel: Eugene Tester
Sunday morning, Civil Rights Memorial
Sunday morning, Civil Rights Memorial
Published: 2011/04/17
Channel: Southern Poverty Law Center
Civil Rights Memorial
Civil Rights Memorial
Published: 2009/05/03
Channel: Coyne4th
Civil Rights Memorial
Civil Rights Memorial
Published: 2013/04/08
Channel: theresahuck
Civil Rights Memorial dedication
Civil Rights Memorial dedication
Published: 2009/11/02
Channel: Southern Poverty Law Center
Wall of Tolerance at Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery AL
Wall of Tolerance at Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery AL
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: Lisa Martinez-Jones
The Civil Rights Memorial - Montgomery, AL
The Civil Rights Memorial - Montgomery, AL
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: RoadTravelledFilm
civil rights memorial
civil rights memorial
Published: 2015/09/11
Channel: FHS Webpage/TV Editing
San Francisco, CA Civil Rights Memorial (2014)
San Francisco, CA Civil Rights Memorial (2014)
Published: 2014/05/04
Channel: LB Alexander
Civil Rights Memorial - February 6, 2010
Civil Rights Memorial - February 6, 2010
Published: 2010/02/07
Channel: TheVagabondVoyager
Civil Rights Memorial Video
Civil Rights Memorial Video
Published: 2013/01/24
Channel: Brandi Belcher
Civil Rights Memorial - Montgomery, Alabama, United States
Civil Rights Memorial - Montgomery, Alabama, United States
Published: 2010/11/23
Channel: TripAdvisorTRIPWOWa
Obama, Civil Rights Leaders Formally Dedicate MLK Memorial
Obama, Civil Rights Leaders Formally Dedicate MLK Memorial
Published: 2011/10/18
Channel: PBS NewsHour
2015 Congressional Civil Rights Pilgrimage to the Civil Rights Memorial
2015 Congressional Civil Rights Pilgrimage to the Civil Rights Memorial
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: Southern Poverty Law Center
Civil Rights Memorial, Southern Poverty Law Center
Civil Rights Memorial, Southern Poverty Law Center
Published: 2014/11/23
Channel: Jacqueline Clemens
Inside Civil Rights Memorial
Inside Civil Rights Memorial
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: Lisa Martinez-Jones
Memorial Civil Rights
Memorial Civil Rights
Published: 2015/08/22
Channel: carole clark
video clip - civil rights memorial center - montgomery, alabama - sidneysealine
video clip - civil rights memorial center - montgomery, alabama - sidneysealine
Published: 2013/04/16
Channel: Sidney Sealine
Civil Rights Memorial, Montgomery ALABAMA (Civil Rights Movement Road Trip)
Civil Rights Memorial, Montgomery ALABAMA (Civil Rights Movement Road Trip)
Published: 2013/04/05
Channel: Constantinos Isaias
Fourth graders from Pelham, Ala. reflect on the Civil Rights Memorial Center
Fourth graders from Pelham, Ala. reflect on the Civil Rights Memorial Center
Published: 2015/10/29
Channel: Southern Poverty Law Center
November 7th - Civil Rights Memorial
November 7th - Civil Rights Memorial
Published: 2009/02/15
Channel: Cycle for Heart
American Baptist College plans civil rights memorial
American Baptist College plans civil rights memorial
Published: 2016/07/15
Channel: The Tennessean
Visit Civil Rights Memorial Center in Alabama
Visit Civil Rights Memorial Center in Alabama
Published: 2015/09/08
Channel: Kevin Wade
MLK DAY @revjvwhitehurst Speaks at Civil Rights Memorial Center Montgomery, AL
MLK DAY @revjvwhitehurst Speaks at Civil Rights Memorial Center Montgomery, AL
Published: 2014/01/21
Channel: KBI Christian Church
Civil Rights Memorial -40 names
Civil Rights Memorial -40 names
Published: 2015/05/11
Channel: MzzRhi Brown
15. Civil Rights Memorial, Montgomery
15. Civil Rights Memorial, Montgomery
Published: 2011/07/06
Channel: swsmikey
Civil Rights Memorial Center, MLK Weekend, 2010
Civil Rights Memorial Center, MLK Weekend, 2010
Published: 2010/01/22
Channel: Kerry Isham
Alabama Civil Rights Memorial Center
Alabama Civil Rights Memorial Center
Published: 2015/09/11
Channel: FHS Webpage/TV Editing
Civil Rights Martyrs 1955 to 1968.
Civil Rights Martyrs 1955 to 1968.
Published: 2011/11/26
Channel: P. Hinds
WSFA Coverage of the Civil Rights Memorial Center
WSFA Coverage of the Civil Rights Memorial Center's Theater
Published: 2013/05/01
Channel: Southern Poverty Law Center
Alexandria Civil Rights Memorial Park
Alexandria Civil Rights Memorial Park
Published: 2013/02/19
Channel: Christee Atwood
2012 08 23 14 08 04 on Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery and Wilcox County Ferry
2012 08 23 14 08 04 on Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery and Wilcox County Ferry
Published: 2014/01/15
Channel: Cat Shrier
Black History Month - Day 6 message.  Civil Rights Memorial Martyrs
Black History Month - Day 6 message. Civil Rights Memorial Martyrs
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: Joe T
Virginia Civil Rights Memorial Dedication, Unveiling
Virginia Civil Rights Memorial Dedication, Unveiling
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: LibraryofVa
Ferguson Rally in Montgomery @ Civil Rights Memorial Center
Ferguson Rally in Montgomery @ Civil Rights Memorial Center
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Joyce Davis
Civil Rights Memorial Water Timeline #2
Civil Rights Memorial Water Timeline #2
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: Lisa Martinez-Jones
Dean
Dean's Date Civil Rights Memorial
Published: 2011/05/09
Channel: Will Davis
Harvard Men
Harvard Men's Tennis visits Civl Rights Memorial in Montgomery, AL 2010
Published: 2010/03/26
Channel: HarvardTennis
Camp NOW Civil Rights Tour: Alabama
Camp NOW Civil Rights Tour: Alabama
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: The Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Civil Rights Memorial
Montgomery Civil Rights Memorial.jpg
Location Montgomery, Alabama
Designer Maya Lin
Material Granite
Opening date 1989
Website www.splcenter.org
The Civil Rights Memorial

The Civil Rights Memorial is a memorial in Montgomery, Alabama, to 41 people who died in the struggle for the equal and integrated treatment of all people, regardless of race, during the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.[1] The memorial is sponsored by the Southern Poverty Law Center.[2]

Design[edit]

The names included in the memorial belong to those who died between 1954 and 1968. Those dates were chosen because in 1954 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in schools was unlawful and 1968 is the year of the assassination of Martin Luther King. The monument was created by Maya Lin, who is best known for creating the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.[2] The Civil Rights Memorial was dedicated in 1989.[1]

The concept of Lin's design is based on the soothing and healing effect of water. It was inspired by a paraphrase from King: "...we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream...." It is from the "I Have a Dream" speech, which was delivered at the Lincoln Memorial, in Washington, DC, on August 28, 1963.[2] The passage in King's speech is a direct reference to Amos 5:24, as translated in the American Standard Version of the Bible. The memorial is a fountain in the form of an asymmetric inverted stone cone. A film of water flows over the base of the cone, which contains the 41 names included. It is possible to touch the smooth film of water and to alter it tmporarily, which quickly returns to smoothness. As such, the memorial represents the aspirations of the Civil Rights Movement to end legal racial segregation.[citation needed]

Tours and location[edit]

The memorial is in downtown Montgomery, at 400 Washington Avenue, in an open plaza in front of the Civil Rights Memorial Center, which was the offices of the Southern Poverty Law Center until it moved across the street into a new building in 2001. The memorial may be visited freely 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.[2]

The Civil Rights Memorial Center offers guided group tours, lasting approximately one hour. Tours are available by appointment, Monday to Saturday.[3]

The memorial is only a few blocks from other historic sites, including the Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist Church, the Alabama State Capitol, the Alabama Department of Archives and History, the corners where Claudette Colvin and Rosa Parks boarded buses in 1955 on which they would later refuse to give up their seats, and the Rosa Parks Library and Museum.

Names included[edit]

The 41 names included in the Civil Rights Memorial are those of:[4][5]

"The Forgotten"[edit]

"The Forgotten" are 74 men and women who are identified in a display at the Civil Rights Memorial Center. These names were not inscribed on the Memorial because there was insufficient information about their deaths at the time the Memorial was created. However, it is thought that these people died as a result of racially motivated violence between 1952 and 1968.[6]

  • Andrew Lee Anderson
  • Frank Andrews
  • Isadore Banks
  • Larry Bolden
  • James Brazier
  • Thomas Brewer
  • Hilliard Brooks
  • Charles Brown
  • Jessie Brown
  • Carrie Brumfield
  • Eli Brumfield
  • Silas (Ernest) Caston
  • Clarence Cloninger
  • Willie Countryman
  • Vincent Dahmon
  • Woodrow Wilson Daniels
  • Joseph Hill Dumas
  • Pheld Evans
  • J. E. Evanston
  • Mattie Greene
  • Jasper Greenwood
  • Jimmie Lee Griffith
  • A. C. Hall
  • Rogers Hamilton
  • Collie Hampton
  • Alphonso Harris
  • Izell Henry
  • Arthur James Hill
  • Ernest Hunter
  • Luther Jackson
  • Ernest Jells
  • Joe Franklin Jeter
  • Marshall Johnson
  • John Lee
  • Willie Henry Lee
  • Richard Lillard
  • George Love
  • Robert McNair
  • Maybelle Mahone
  • Sylvester Maxwell
  • Clinton Melton
  • James Andrew Miller
  • Booker T. Mixon
  • Nehemiah Montgomery
  • Frank Morris[7]
  • James Earl Motley
  • Sam O'Quinn
  • Hubert Orsby
  • Larry Payne
  • C. H. Pickett
  • Albert Pitts
  • David Pitts
  • Ernest McPharland
  • Jimmy Powell
  • William Roy Prather
  • Johnny Queen
  • Donald Rasberry
  • Fred Robinson
  • Johnny Robinson
  • Willie Joe Sanford
  • Marshall Scott Jr.
  • Jessie James Shelby
  • W. G. Singleton
  • Ed Smith
  • Eddie James Stewart
  • Isaiah Taylor
  • Freddie Lee Thomas
  • Saleam Triggs
  • Hubert Varner
  • Clifton Walker[8]
  • James Waymers
  • John Wesley Wilder
  • Rodell Williamson
  • Archie Wooden

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Scott Johnson (November 5, 2009). "Civil Rights Memorial marks 20 years". Montgomery Advertiser. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Civil Rights Memorial". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Civil Rights Memorial & Center". Montgomery Area Chamber of Commerce, Convention & Visitor Bureau. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Civil Rights Martyrs | Southern Poverty Law Center". Splcenter.org. Retrieved 2015-04-11. 
  5. ^ "The 40 Who Fell in the Turbulence Of the U.S. Battles for Civil Rights". New York Times. Associated Press. November 4, 1989. Retrieved March 20, 2016. 
  6. ^ "The Forgotten". Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "Frank Morris Case - The Civil Rights Cold Case Project". coldcases.org. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "Clifton Walker Case - The Civil Rights Cold Case Project". coldcases.org. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°22′35″N 86°18′12″W / 32.37626°N 86.30325°W / 32.37626; -86.30325

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