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Civil Rights & Liberties: Crash Course Government #23
Civil Rights & Liberties: Crash Course Government #23
Published: 2015/07/18
Channel: CrashCourse
[Lesson 4] Korematsu Civil Liberties Documentary
[Lesson 4] Korematsu Civil Liberties Documentary
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: Dr. Cillo's Myth or Reality
Civil Liberties in the United States
Civil Liberties in the United States
Published: 2013/02/09
Channel: Corey Mattson
Jonathan Turley: "America at the Crossroads of Civil Liberties in the 21st Century"
Jonathan Turley: "America at the Crossroads of Civil Liberties in the 21st Century"
Published: 2014/02/25
Channel: The Future of Freedom Foundation
Civil Liberties in United States
Civil Liberties in United States
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: Politik Pemerintahan AS HI 2014
American Political Movements and Civil Liberties in the Twentieth Century
American Political Movements and Civil Liberties in the Twentieth Century
Published: 2013/02/04
Channel: spinchback1
AP Gov Review: Government In America, Chapter 4
AP Gov Review: Government In America, Chapter 4
Published: 2014/09/11
Channel: Adam Norris
US police disregard civil liberties
US police disregard civil liberties
Published: 2010/11/23
Channel: RT America
AP US Government Chapter 5 - Civil Liberties
AP US Government Chapter 5 - Civil Liberties
Published: 2012/11/29
Channel: csm10495
Steve Shapiro: The State of Civil Liberties at the Supreme Court
Steve Shapiro: The State of Civil Liberties at the Supreme Court
Published: 2015/06/25
Channel: Ed Mays
Civil Liberties & Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties & Bill of Rights
Published: 2013/07/08
Channel: desoriente0
Freedom and the Court Civil Rights and Liberties in the United States Eighth Edition
Freedom and the Court Civil Rights and Liberties in the United States Eighth Edition
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: Genie Swift
Hugo Black, Felix Frankfurter and Civil Liberties in Modern America: Constitutional Law (1989)
Hugo Black, Felix Frankfurter and Civil Liberties in Modern America: Constitutional Law (1989)
Published: 2014/02/17
Channel: Remember This
Civil Liberties in America
Civil Liberties in America
Published: 2013/06/05
Channel: KingLink95
Gov Review Video #47: Important Civil Liberties To Know
Gov Review Video #47: Important Civil Liberties To Know
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Adam Norris
Rand Paul on Civil Liberties
Rand Paul on Civil Liberties
Published: 2011/02/10
Channel: RileyE104
How the Constitution deals with civil liberties and privacy in an age of technological change
How the Constitution deals with civil liberties and privacy in an age of technological change
Published: 2014/11/06
Channel: The Aspen Institute
AP Government Rap- Civil Rights and Liberties
AP Government Rap- Civil Rights and Liberties
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: Rohit Shankar
Japanese-American Internment and America Today: Civil Liberties in Times of Crisis
Japanese-American Internment and America Today: Civil Liberties in Times of Crisis
Published: 2016/05/13
Channel: National Constitution Center
Civil Liberties  Vs Civil Rights   - Difference Between Civil Liberties And Civil Rights
Civil Liberties Vs Civil Rights - Difference Between Civil Liberties And Civil Rights
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: MAD differences
AP Government Review Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
AP Government Review Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: Malone's US History/Government
AP US Government - Chapter 4 - Civil Liberties - 1 (of 3)
AP US Government - Chapter 4 - Civil Liberties - 1 (of 3)
Published: 2015/11/29
Channel: Dave Thomer
Constitutional civil liberties United States-Mexico foreign policy
Constitutional civil liberties United States-Mexico foreign policy
Published: 2013/05/19
Channel: Andrew Drazdik Jr
APG 4 1 Intro to Civil Liberties
APG 4 1 Intro to Civil Liberties
Published: 2013/08/30
Channel: Akins AP Government
The Taming of Free Speech: America’s Civil Liberties Compromise
The Taming of Free Speech: America’s Civil Liberties Compromise
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: US National Archives
The Police vs The Fourth Amendment | Civil Liberties and National Security | John W. Whithead
The Police vs The Fourth Amendment | Civil Liberties and National Security | John W. Whithead
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: Theology, Philosophy and Science
Fall of America: Mickey Z on Civil Liberties
Fall of America: Mickey Z on Civil Liberties
Published: 2010/10/01
Channel: fallofamericadvd
Civil Liberties Domestic Drones America
Civil Liberties Domestic Drones America's War on Privacy
Published: 2012/01/24
Channel: Cee Myers
AP gov civil liberties
AP gov civil liberties
Published: 2016/08/15
Channel: Tami Pennington
Oklevueha NAC Religious Civil Liberties Violated
Oklevueha NAC Religious Civil Liberties Violated
Published: 2009/03/11
Channel: jamesflamingeagle
Glenn Greenwald on civil liberties and terrorism after Obama (highlights)
Glenn Greenwald on civil liberties and terrorism after Obama (highlights)
Published: 2010/11/04
Channel: The Badger Herald
House Votes to End Assault on American
House Votes to End Assault on American's Civil Liberties
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: USHouseJudiciaryGOP
Schenck v. United States | Homework Help from the Bill of Rights Institute
Schenck v. United States | Homework Help from the Bill of Rights Institute
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: Bill of Rights Institute
Protecting National Security & Civil Liberties
Protecting National Security & Civil Liberties
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: LibraryOfCongress
P4A:  The America Civil Liberties Union [CC]
P4A: The America Civil Liberties Union [CC]
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: High Waisted Pantaloons
A Supreme Perspective on Civil Liberties + Privacy with U.S. Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy
A Supreme Perspective on Civil Liberties + Privacy with U.S. Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy
Published: 2014/11/06
Channel: The Aspen Institute
iSpy (Civil Liberties) AP Gov Video
iSpy (Civil Liberties) AP Gov Video
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Lauren Nelson
USA PATRIOT ACT vs. Civil Liberties
USA PATRIOT ACT vs. Civil Liberties
Published: 2008/06/17
Channel: atomicbubblewrap
14-17339 American Civil Liberties Union v. USDOJ
14-17339 American Civil Liberties Union v. USDOJ
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Hernandez v. Texas: American Civil Liberties, Then & Now
Hernandez v. Texas: American Civil Liberties, Then & Now
Published: 2015/01/14
Channel: LibraryOfCongress
Civil Liberties APUSH
Civil Liberties APUSH
Published: 2014/05/07
Channel: Sabrina Grellas
Safe and Sorry – Terrorism & Mass Surveillance
Safe and Sorry – Terrorism & Mass Surveillance
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell
Civil Liberties in Times of Crisis: Japanese Internment and America Today
Civil Liberties in Times of Crisis: Japanese Internment and America Today
Published: 2016/05/12
Channel: National Constitution Center
Civil Liberties rap - AP Gov
Civil Liberties rap - AP Gov
Published: 2016/10/16
Channel: Caleb Tondora
Poll: Americans Care More About Terrorism Than Civil Liberties
Poll: Americans Care More About Terrorism Than Civil Liberties
Published: 2014/09/24
Channel: The Rubin Report
Could both Clinton and Trump hurt Americans
Could both Clinton and Trump hurt Americans' civil liberties?
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Fox Business
Civil Liberties - AP NSL Forever
Civil Liberties - AP NSL Forever
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: Nunyat Tefera
Major VICTORY for Civil Liberties! Hunger in America!
Major VICTORY for Civil Liberties! Hunger in America!
Published: 2011/09/04
Channel: DEMCAD
Civil Liberties Under Attack In America!!!
Civil Liberties Under Attack In America!!!
Published: 2008/10/02
Channel: 8247901
Allie - Senior Project Video (Civil Liberties vs National Security)
Allie - Senior Project Video (Civil Liberties vs National Security)
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: BRETTLAC812
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Civil liberties in the United States are certain inalienable rights retained by (as opposed to privileges granted to) citizens of the United States under the Constitution of the United States, as interpreted and clarified by the Supreme Court of the United States and lower federal courts.[1] Civil liberties are simply defined as individual legal and constitutional protections from entities more powerful than an individual, for example, parts of the government, other individuals, or corporations. The liberties explicitly defined, make up the Bill of Rights, including freedom of speech, the right to bear arms, and the right to privacy.[2] There are also many liberties of people not defined in the Constitution, as stated in the Ninth Amendment: The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

The extent of civil liberties and the periphery of the population of the United States who had access to these liberties has expanded over time. For example, the Constitution did not originally define who was eligible to vote, allowing each state to determine who was eligible. In the early history of the U.S., most states allowed only white male adult property owners to vote (about 6% of the population).[3][4][5] The 'Three-Fifths Compromise' allowed the southern slaveholders to consolidate power and maintain slavery in America for eighty years after the ratification of the Constitution.[6] And the Bill of Rights had little impact on judgements by the courts for the first 130 years after ratification.[7]

United States Constitution[edit]

Freedom of religion[edit]

Free Exercise Clause[edit]

The text of Article [I] to the United States Constitution, ratified December 15, 1791, states that:

"Congress shall make no law... prohibiting the free exercise thereof;"[8]

— United States Constitution, Article [I]

Freedom of expression[edit]

Free Speech Clause[edit]

The text of Article [I] to the United States Constitution, ratified December 15, 1791, states that:

"Congress shall make no law... abridging the freedom of speech,"[8]

— United States Constitution, Article [I]

Free Press Clause[edit]

The text of Article [I] to the United States Constitution, ratified December 15, 1791, states that:

"Congress shall make no law... abridging... the press,"[8]

— United States Constitution, Article [I]

Free Assembly Clause[edit]

The text of Article [I] to the United States Constitution, ratified December 15, 1791, states that:

"Congress shall make no law... abridging... the right of the people peaceably to assemble,"[8]

— United States Constitution, Article [I]

Petition Clause[edit]

The text of Article [I] to the United States Constitution, ratified December 15, 1791, states that:

"Congress shall make no law... abridging... the right of the people... to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."[8]

— United States Constitution, Article [I]

Free speech exceptions[edit]

The following types of speech are not protected constitutionally: defamation or false statements, child pornography, obscenity, damaging the national security interests, verbal acts, and fighting words. Because these categories fall outside of the First Amendment privileges, the courts can legally restrict or criminalize any expressive act within them. Other expressions, including threat of bodily harm or publicizing illegal activity, may also be ruled illegal.[9]

Right to keep and bear arms[edit]

The text of Article [II] to the United States Constitution, ratified December 15, 1791, states that:

"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."[8]

— United States Constitution, Article [II]

Sexual freedom[edit]

The concept of sexual freedom includes a broad range of different rights that are not mentioned in the U.S. Constitution. The idea of sexual freedom has sprung more from the popular opinion of society in more recent years, and has had very little Constitutional backing. The following liberties are included under sexual freedom: sexual expression, sexual choices, sexual education, reproductive justice, and sexual health.[10] Sexual freedom in general is considered an implied procedure, and is not mentioned in the Constitution.

Sexual freedoms include the freedom to have consensual sex with whomever a person chooses, at any time, for any reason, provided the person is of the age of majority. Marriage is not required, nor are there any requirements as to the gender or number of people you have sex with. Sexual freedom includes the freedom to have private consensual homosexual sex (Lawrence v. Texas).

Equal protection[edit]

Equal protection prevents the government from creating laws that are discriminatory in application or effect.

Right to vote[edit]

The text of Article XIV to the United States Constitution, ratified July 9, 1868, states that:

"when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one (eighteen) years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one (eighteen) years of age in such State."[8]

— United States Constitution, Article XIV

The text of Article XV to the United States Constitution, ratified February 3, 1870, states that:

"The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."[8]

— United States Constitution, Article XV

The text of Article [XIX] to the United States Constitution, ratified August 18, 1919, states that:

"The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex."[8]

— United States Constitution, Article [XIX]

The text of Amendment XXIII to the United States Constitution, ratified January 23, 1964, states that:

"The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax."[8]

— United States Constitution, Amendment XXIII

The text of Amendment XXVI to the United States Constitution, ratified July 1, 1971, states that:

"The right of citizens of the United States, who are 18 years of age or older, to vote, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of age."[8]

— United States Constitution, Amendment XXVI

Fundamental rights[edit]

Right to interstate travel[edit]

Right to parent one's children[edit]

Protection on the high seas from pirates[edit]

Right to privacy[edit]

Right to marriage[edit]

In the 1967 United States Supreme Court ruling in the case of Loving v. Virginia found a fundamental right to marriage, regardless of race. In the 2015 United States Supreme Court ruling in the case of Obergefell v. Hodges found a fundamental right to marriage, regardless of gender.

Right of self-defense[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ontheissues.org/askme/civil_liberties.htm
  2. ^ http://public.findlaw.com/civil-rights/civil-rights-basics/civil-rights-vs-liberties.html
  3. ^ "Expansion of Rights and Liberties - The Right of Suffrage". Online Exhibit: The Charters of Freedom. National Archives. Archived from the original on July 6, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2015. 
  4. ^ Murrin, John M.; Johnson, Paul E.; McPherson, James M.; Fahs, Alice; Gerstle, Gary (2012). Liberty, Equality, Power: A History of the American People (6th ed.). Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. p. 296. ISBN 9780495904991. 
  5. ^ Janda, Kenneth; Berry, Jeffrey M.; Goldman, Jerry (2008). The challenge of democracy: government in America (9. ed., update ed.). Houghton Mifflin. p. 207. ISBN 9780618990948. 
  6. ^ "We Hold These Truths to be Self-evident;" An Interdisciplinary Analysis of the Roots of Racism & slavery in America Kenneth N. Addison; Introduction P. xxii
  7. ^ "The Bill Of Rights: A Brief History". ACLU. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k United States Constitution
  9. ^ http://www.firstamendment.com/firstamendment.php
  10. ^ http://www.glaa.org/archive/2010/woodhullreport1019.pdf

Further reading[edit]

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