Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
MULTI MILLIONAIRE MANSIONS @ Civil Township Rourkela
MULTI MILLIONAIRE MANSIONS @ Civil Township Rourkela
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: ESPIE 26
Diwali at  civil township rourkela and our chamber
Diwali at civil township rourkela and our chamber
Published: 2014/10/23
Channel: Sourav Naik
KIDZEE PRESCHOOL ROURKELA, CIVIL TOWNSHIP
KIDZEE PRESCHOOL ROURKELA, CIVIL TOWNSHIP
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: Suryakanti Senapati
Mission Sunday cleaning activity at Civil Township
Mission Sunday cleaning activity at Civil Township
Published: 2015/03/31
Channel: John Smith
Map and Compass Basics: Township and Range
Map and Compass Basics: Township and Range
Published: 2010/02/08
Channel: safariskills
Gap Civil Township lawn care
Gap Civil Township lawn care
Published: 2015/04/22
Channel: Sycamore
Erie Township, MI Whelen 3016 Siren Test 5-31-17
Erie Township, MI Whelen 3016 Siren Test 5-31-17
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Calvin Mayer
OM SHANTI - CIVIL TOWNSHIP
OM SHANTI - CIVIL TOWNSHIP
Published: 2016/10/16
Channel: malay das
Tornado siren in Georgetown Township, MI (monthly test)
Tornado siren in Georgetown Township, MI (monthly test)
Published: 2014/07/06
Channel: chronikss
Auglaize Township, Ohio-Thunderbolt 1000T
Auglaize Township, Ohio-Thunderbolt 1000T
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: Stormsetter4
Civil Rights Investigation Open Over Proposed Mosque in Bernards Township
Civil Rights Investigation Open Over Proposed Mosque in Bernards Township
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: NJTV News
MADC - Maharashtra Agro Development Corporation - A Civil to Agro Township
MADC - Maharashtra Agro Development Corporation - A Civil to Agro Township
Published: 2013/09/29
Channel: Girish Baraskar
Gap Civil
Gap Civil
Published: 2008/06/30
Channel: Hillfalls
Minor civil division
Minor civil division
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: WikiWikiup
Tusu bisarjan civil township
Tusu bisarjan civil township
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: Ruhii Manasi
EuroKids Civil Township
EuroKids Civil Township
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: Sweta S
Gap Civil Township Lawn Artist
Gap Civil Township Lawn Artist
Published: 2015/04/24
Channel: Sycamore Consulting
Aston Township Fire Department, Red Hill Road Site
Aston Township Fire Department, Red Hill Road Site
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: Pennoni - Civil/Site
R.p.c.d.a group picnic from civil township
R.p.c.d.a group picnic from civil township
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: Satan badaik
R.p.c.d.a group picnic from civil township
R.p.c.d.a group picnic from civil township
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: Satan badaik
Marlboro Township, NJ - Police - Police misconduct, unjust detainment and arrest
Marlboro Township, NJ - Police - Police misconduct, unjust detainment and arrest
Published: 2015/12/09
Channel: Brandon Cee
From township boy to space boy | Mandla Maseko | TEDxJohannesburg
From township boy to space boy | Mandla Maseko | TEDxJohannesburg
Published: 2014/12/15
Channel: TEDx Talks
Merrick Duggan R&D Real Estate - 25031 Township Rd 490 Leduc county
Merrick Duggan R&D Real Estate - 25031 Township Rd 490 Leduc county
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: Mike Wivell
Township Enforcing Blight Ordinance With Civil Infraction Ticket
Township Enforcing Blight Ordinance With Civil Infraction Ticket
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: WBKBTV
Dalton Township, Michigan
Dalton Township, Michigan
Published: 2014/12/03
Channel: Audiopedia
Township Level 49 Update 1 HD 720p
Township Level 49 Update 1 HD 720p
Published: 2015/12/07
Channel: Android Games
Land Division in Bruce Township
Land Division in Bruce Township
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: mende michigansurvey
DSK Dream City a Township Project in Pune - Experience a Life Bigger than Dreams!
DSK Dream City a Township Project in Pune - Experience a Life Bigger than Dreams!
Published: 2014/06/10
Channel: D. S. Kulkarni
[Wikipedia] Dwight Township, Michigan
[Wikipedia] Dwight Township, Michigan
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: WikiTubia
Passing out parade Women
Passing out parade Women's personnel in Civil Defense Township
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: City 42
Civil Union Lawyer Mt. Laurel Township, NJ | 866-401-4954 | LGBT Divorce
Civil Union Lawyer Mt. Laurel Township, NJ | 866-401-4954 | LGBT Divorce
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: Family Law
Miami Township West Park Ribbon Cutting
Miami Township West Park Ribbon Cutting
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Bayer Becker
Emergency Alert System - Civil Danger Warning for Shrewsbury Township, PA
Emergency Alert System - Civil Danger Warning for Shrewsbury Township, PA
Published: 2012/06/06
Channel: Evan Ciapura
[Wikipedia] Sherman Township, Newaygo County, Michigan
[Wikipedia] Sherman Township, Newaygo County, Michigan
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: WikiTubia
Prologis Township Line Road
Prologis Township Line Road
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Pennoni - Civil/Site
Perrysburg Township, OH 2001-SRN Siren Test 9-3-16
Perrysburg Township, OH 2001-SRN Siren Test 9-3-16
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Calvin Mayer
Domestic Violence Attorney Middle Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
Domestic Violence Attorney Middle Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
Published: 2014/01/31
Channel: Domestic Violence Attorney
MONOJ
MONOJ'S 25TH B'DAY
Published: 2010/08/01
Channel: bosedip1
perry township police,violated my civil rights,worse than terrorists
perry township police,violated my civil rights,worse than terrorists
Published: 2015/06/07
Channel: TheBluebusa
05 USPLSS
05 USPLSS
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: CVshorey
Officers sue township, trustee
Officers sue township, trustee
Published: 2014/03/07
Channel: WLWT
Harrisburg and Mount Lebanon Township Fire Dept. Responding
Harrisburg and Mount Lebanon Township Fire Dept. Responding
Published: 2013/07/29
Channel: RishayanPorMexico
Township and Range
Township and Range
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: My GIST Community
Otsego Lake Township, Michigan
Otsego Lake Township, Michigan
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: WikiWikiup
Furnace Repair Pinckney, MI  810-224-5522 Affordable Furnace Repair Service
Furnace Repair Pinckney, MI 810-224-5522 Affordable Furnace Repair Service
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: Brian Byrne
Orient Township, Michigan
Orient Township, Michigan
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: WikiTubia
A bear family takes a dip in our pool - Part II
A bear family takes a dip in our pool - Part II
Published: 2015/08/19
Channel: Tim Basso
Rex A. Burgess  Clinton Township MI, Civil Litigation Lawyer
Rex A. Burgess Clinton Township MI, Civil Litigation Lawyer
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: AVPreeminentAttorney
Annual Function
Annual Function
Published: 2015/10/05
Channel: Chittaranjan Bhoi
EARLY MORNING DRIVE @ ROURKELA
EARLY MORNING DRIVE @ ROURKELA
Published: 2016/06/18
Channel: ESPIE 26
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A civil township is a widely used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York, and Wisconsin to refer to the equivalent of the civil township in these states. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries often coincide and may completely geographically subdivide a county. The U.S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions. Currently, there are 20 states with civil townships.

Township functions are generally overseen by a governing board (the name varies from state to state) and a clerk or trustee. Township officers frequently include justice of the peace, road commissioner, assessor, constable, and surveyor. In the 20th century many townships also added a township administrator or supervisor to the officers as an executive for the board. In some cases townships run local libraries, senior citizen services, youth services, disabled citizen services, emergency assistance, and even cemetery services.

Midwestern and central[edit]

Madison Township Hall in Madison Township, Richland County, Ohio

Depending on the state, the township government has varying degrees of authority.

In the Upper Midwestern states near the Great Lakes, civil townships (known in Michigan as general law townships[1] and in Wisconsin as towns), are often, but not always, overlaid on survey townships. The degree to which these townships are functioning governmental entities varies from state to state and in some cases even within a state. For example, townships in the northern part of Illinois are active in providing public services — such as road maintenance, after-school care, and senior services — whereas townships in southern Illinois frequently delegate these services to the county. Most townships in Illinois also provide services such as snow removal, senior transportation, and emergency services to households residing in unincorporated parts of the county. The townships in Illinois each have a township board, whose board members were formerly called township trustees, and a single township supervisor. In contrast, civil townships in Indiana are operated in a relatively consistent manner statewide and tend to be well organized, with each served by a single township trustee and a three-member board.

Civil townships in these states are generally not incorporated, and nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease. In Michigan, general law townships can incorporate as charter townships, a status intended to protect against annexation from nearby municipalities and which grants the township some home rule powers similar to cities. In Wisconsin, civil townships are known as "towns" rather than townships, but they function essentially the same as in neighboring states. In Minnesota, state statute refers to such entities as towns yet requires them to have a name in the form "Name Township".[citation needed] In both documents and conversation, "town" and "township" are used interchangeably. Minnesota townships can be either Non-Urban or Urban (giving the township government greater power), but this is not reflected in the township's name.[2] In Ohio, a city or village is overlaid onto a township unless it withdraws by establishing a paper township. Where the paper township does not extend to the city limits, property owners pay taxes for both the township and municipality.[3] Ten other states also allow townships and municipalities to overlap.[4]

In Kansas some civil townships provide services such as road maintenance and fire protection services not provided by the county.

Northeastern states[edit]

Map of Cattaraugus County, New York showing municipal and township organization

New England and New York[edit]

In New England, the states are subdivided into towns, which are fully functioning municipal corporations that provide most local services. While counties exist in New England, for the most part they serve as dividing lines for state judicial systems. With the exception of a few remote areas of New Hampshire, Vermont and Maine, every square foot of New England lies within the borders of an incorporated town. New England also has cities, most of which are towns whose residents have voted to replace the town meeting form of government with a city form.

In portions of New Hampshire, Vermont and Maine, county subdivisions that are not incorporated are occasionally referred to as townships, or by other terms such as "gore", "grant", "location", "plantation", or "purchase".

In New York, counties are further subdivided into towns and cities, the principal forms of local government. Towns fulfill a function similar to those of townships in other states. All New York residents who do not live in a city or a Native American reservation live in a town. New York towns contain one or more incorporated villages, and village residents pay both town and village taxes. Towns also include a number of unincorporated hamlets.

Pennsylvania and New Jersey[edit]

A Pennsylvania township is a unit of local government, responsible for services such as police departments, local road and street maintenance. It acts the same as a city or borough. Townships were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to fifty-two square miles (10–135 km²). A New Jersey township is similar, in that it is a form of municipal government equal in status to a village, town, borough, or city, and provides similar services to a Pennsylvania township.

Southern states[edit]

1877 map of Warren County, Indiana. Among all civil townships, only Pine Township exactly matches a survey township with 36 sections.

In the South, outside of cities and towns there is generally no local government other than the county.

North Carolina is no exception to that rule, but it does have townships as minor geographical subdivisions of counties, including both unincorporated territory and also land within the bounds of incorporated cities and towns (as well as the extraterritorial jurisdiction of municipalities). Every county is divided into townships as mandated since the North Carolina Constitution of 1868. Some urbanized counties such as Mecklenburg County (Charlotte) now number their townships (e.g. "Township 12") rather than using names. Townships all over the state used to have some official organization and duties but now are only considered ceremonial divisions of each county. Township names are still used quite extensively at the county government level in North Carolina as a way of determining and dividing up areas for administrative purposes; primarily for collecting county taxes, determining fire districts, for real estate purposes such as categorizing land deeds, land surveys and other real estate documents, and for voter registration purposes. In most areas of North Carolina that are outside of any municipal limit (outside cities or towns), townships are used to determine voter polling places, and in most instances county election boards divide up their voter precincts by township. However, there is no government per se at the township level in North Carolina, and there are no elected or appointed offices associated with townships.

States with civil townships[edit]

As of 2012, there were 16,360 organized town or township governments in the following 20 states:[5]

States without civil townships[edit]

There were 30 states without organized town or township governments as of 2012:[5]

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nevada
  • New Mexico
  • North Carolina
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wyoming

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "What is a Township?". Michigan Township Association. 2006-12-05. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  2. ^ "Minnesota Statutes 368.01: Powers of Certain Metropolitan Area Towns". Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  3. ^ "Commissioners Meeting" (PDF). Medina, Ohio: Medina County, Ohio. 2005-05-23. p. 5. Retrieved 2009-10-22. Lynda Bowers, Lafayette Township Trustee, noted that we already have property that is dual citizenship and they pay taxes in 2 places. There is Chippewa Lake in Lafayette Township, Westfield Village in Westfield Township and Lodi in Harrisville Township. 
  4. ^ "Municipalities and Townships". Lists & Structure of Governments. Washington, D.C.: United States Census Bureau. 2009-06-08. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 
  5. ^ a b United States Census Bureau. 2012 Census of Governments: Individual State Descriptions: 2012, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce, p. viii.

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license