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KIDZEE PRESCHOOL ROURKELA, CIVIL TOWNSHIP
KIDZEE PRESCHOOL ROURKELA, CIVIL TOWNSHIP
::2014/04/03::
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2
Part 1 Civil  Rights Violations Sept 2011 Springfield Township Ohio Trustees Meting
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::2011/12/10::
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3
Emergency Alert System - Civil Danger Warning for Shrewsbury Township, PA
Emergency Alert System - Civil Danger Warning for Shrewsbury Township, PA
::2012/06/06::
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Part 2 Civil Rights Violations Springfield Township Ohio September 2011 Trustees Meeting
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::2011/12/10::
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MADC - Maharashtra Agro Development Corporation - A Civil to Agro Township
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::2013/09/29::
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Civil Union Lawyer Haddon Township, NJ | 866-401-4954 | LGBT Divorce
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::2014/08/14::
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8
Rex A. Burgess  Clinton Township MI, Civil Litigation Lawyer
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::2012/05/16::
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South Africa State of Emergency 1980
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Domestic Violence Attorney Buena Vista Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
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Domestic Violence Attorney Upper Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
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::2014/01/31::
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Officers sue township, trustee
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::2014/03/06::
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Domestic Violence Attorney Lacey Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
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::2014/03/10::
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Harrisburg and Mount Lebanon Township Fire Dept. Responding
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::2013/07/29::
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Dark Souls l Part 43 l Taxing the Township
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::2013/08/17::
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16
Beavercreek Township swears in first full-time African American firefighter
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::2014/07/21::
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Robinson Township Supervisor Issues Stern Warning to Audience
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::2014/06/15::
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18
Bensalem Township Attorney Flips on Live Pigeon Shoots
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::2013/10/06::
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Jaipur
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::2014/04/25::
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Sparta Township - NJ
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Mandela
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Township Rebellion - Fistfull of steel (live @ Countryside jam/Vršac)
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::2013/09/06::
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2014 05 21 Kennett Township Board of Supervisor Meeting
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I.N. Dreamer Park  Richhill Township, Greene County, Pa
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::2014/03/15::
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Shantigram Township by Adani Group in Ahmedabad
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::2011/11/15::
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Township Tours in Nelson Mandela Bay - South Africa
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::2009/06/08::
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Map and Compass Basics: Township and Range
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::2010/02/08::
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Kennett Township Board of Supervisors Meeting June 18 2014
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::2014/07/07::
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Mountain Tunnel Circa 1918 - Raven Run Creek, West Mahanoy Township, PA
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::2013/05/14::
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Is Local Government Necessary? Township Level Government
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::2012/02/03::
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Person hit by vehicle in Springfield Township
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Tornado siren in Georgetown Township, MI (monthly test)
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::2014/07/05::
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Citizen
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::2014/02/20::
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Self-Defence Units Destroy Fascist Convoy in Township of October Peoples Republic of Donetsk
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::2014/05/13::
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Vandals ransack Township Hall in Berlin Township
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::2014/05/23::
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36
Town planing and Infrastructure development. (Full Video)
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::2012/03/29::
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June 11, 2014 - Crash in Lycoming Township
June 11, 2014 - Crash in Lycoming Township
::2014/06/11::
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Estancia - Chennai
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Suspicious death investigated in Kennedy Township
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::2014/07/22::
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Springfield Township Trustees Meeting of April 8, 2014
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::2014/04/17::
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Kennedy Township death now investigated as homicide
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::2014/07/22::
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Allegheny Township Fire (raw video)
Allegheny Township Fire (raw video)
::2013/07/18::
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Pittsfield Township Police Department Shooting
Pittsfield Township Police Department Shooting
::2014/03/16::
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Springfield Township, MI - $2,500,000
Springfield Township, MI - $2,500,000
::2014/05/22::
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Stafford Township (Ocean County) New Jersey Police Traffic Stop
Stafford Township (Ocean County) New Jersey Police Traffic Stop
::2013/03/10::
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Flooding in Chesterfield Township
Flooding in Chesterfield Township
::2014/05/08::
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Sweet Child of Mine Ocean Township High School Cover
Sweet Child of Mine Ocean Township High School Cover
::2014/04/11::
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Republican Activist Denied opportunity to endorse by Township GOP Committeeman Mike Sweeney
Republican Activist Denied opportunity to endorse by Township GOP Committeeman Mike Sweeney
::2014/02/16::
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Sanskruti Township - Bal Reddy M
Sanskruti Township - Bal Reddy M
::2014/02/10::
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Police Harassment Haddon Township NJ 4 3 14
Police Harassment Haddon Township NJ 4 3 14
::2014/04/04::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Not to be confused with Survey township.

A civil township is a widely used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York and Wisconsin to refer to the equivalent of the civil township in these states. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries often coincide and may completely geographically subdivide a county. The U.S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions.

Township functions are generally overseen by a governing board (the name varies from state to state) and a clerk or trustee. Township officers frequently include justice of the peace, road commissioner, assessor, constable, and surveyor. In the 20th century many townships also added a township administrator or supervisor to the officers as an executive for the board. In some cases townships run local libraries, senior citizen services, youth services, disabled citizen services, emergency assistance, and even cemetery services.

Midwestern, central and western states[edit]

Madison Township Hall in Madison Township, Richland County, Ohio

Depending on the state, the township government has varying degrees of authority.

In the Upper Midwestern states near the Great Lakes, civil townships (known in Michigan as general law townships[1] and in Wisconsin as towns), are often, but not always, overlaid on survey townships. The degree to which these townships are functioning governmental entities varies from state to state and in some cases even within a state. For example, townships in the northern part of Illinois are active in providing public services — such as road maintenance, after-school care, and senior services — whereas townships in southern Illinois frequently delegate these services to the county. In contrast, civil townships in Indiana are operated in a relatively consistent manner state-wide and tend to be well organized, with each served by a township trustee and a three-member board. Most townships in Illinois also provide services such as snow removal, senior transportation and emergency services to households residing in unincorporated parts of the county.

Civil townships in these states are generally not incorporated, and nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease. In Michigan, general law townships can incorporate as charter townships, a status intended to protect against annexation from nearby municipalities and which grants the township some home rule powers similar to cities. In Wisconsin, civil townships are known as "towns" rather than townships, but they function essentially the same as in neighboring states. In Minnesota, state statute refers to such entities as towns yet requires them to have a name in the form "Name Township".[citation needed] In both documents and conversation, "town" and "township" are used interchangeably. Minnesota townships can be either Non-Urban or Urban (giving the township government greater power), but this is not reflected in the township's name.[2] In Ohio, a city or village is overlaid onto a township unless it withdraws by establishing a paper township. Where the paper township does not extend to the city limits, property owners pay taxes for both the township and municipality.[3] Ten other states also allow townships and municipalities to overlap.[4]

In Kansas some civil townships provide services such as road maintenance and fire protection services not provided by the county.

Northeastern states[edit]

See also: New England town and Political subdivisions of New York

Map of Cattaraugus County, New York showing municipal and township organization

New England and New York[edit]

In New England and New York, counties are further subdivided into towns and cities, the principal forms of local government. These states use the term town, instead of township. New England towns are incorporated municipalities; New York towns are also. In sparsely settled portions of New Hampshire, Vermont and, Maine, county subdivisions that are not incorporated are occasionally referred to as townships, or by other terms such as "gore", "grant", "location", "plantation", or "purchase".

Pennsylvania and New Jersey[edit]

A Pennsylvania township is a unit of local government, responsible for services such as police departments, local road and street maintenance. It acts the same as a city or borough. Townships were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to fifty-two square miles(10–135 km²). A New Jersey township is a form of municipal government equal in status to a village, town, borough, or city.

Southern states[edit]

1877 map of Warren County, Indiana. Among all civil townships, only Pine Township exactly matches a survey township with 36 sections.

In the South, outside of cities and towns there is generally no local government other than the county.

North Carolina is no exception to that rule, but it does have townships as minor geographical subdivisions of counties, including both unincorporated territory and also land within the bounds of incorporated cities and towns (as well as the extraterritorial jurisdiction of municipalities). Every county is divided into townships as mandated since the North Carolina Constitution of 1868. Some urbanized counties such as Mecklenburg County (Charlotte) now number their townships (i.e. "Township 12") rather than using names. Townships all over the state used to have some official organization and duties but now are only considered ceremonial divisions of each county. Township names are still used quite extensively at the county government level in North Carolina as a way of determining and dividing up areas for administrative purposes; primarily for collecting county taxes, determining fire districts, for real estate purposes such as categorizing land deeds, land surveys and other real estate documents, and for voter registration purposes. In most areas of North Carolina that are outside of any municipal limit (outside cities or towns), townships are used to determine voter polling places, and in most instances county election boards divide up their voter precincts by township. However, there is no government per se at the township level in North Carolina, and there are no elected or appointed offices associated with townships.

States with civil townships[edit]

As of 2012, there were 16,360 organized town or township governments in the following states:[5]

  • Connecticut
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Kansas
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Dakota
  • Vermont
  • Wisconsin

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "What is a Township?". Michigan Township Association. 2006-12-05. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  2. ^ "Minnesota Statutes 368.01: Powers of Certain Metropolitan Area Towns". Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  3. ^ "Commissioners Meeting" (PDF). Medina, Ohio: Medina County, Ohio. 2005-05-23. p. 5. Retrieved 2009-10-22. "Lynda Bowers, Lafayette Township Trustee, noted that we already have property that is dual citizenship and they pay taxes in 2 places. There is Chippewa Lake in Lafayette Township, Westfield Village in Westfield Township and Lodi in Harrisville Township." 
  4. ^ "Municipalities and Townships". Lists & Structure of Governments. Washington, D.C.: United States Census Bureau. 2009-06-08. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 
  5. ^ United States Census Bureau. 2012 Census of Governments: Individual State Descriptions: 2012, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce, p. viii.

External links[edit]

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