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1
Diwali at  civil township rourkela and our chamber
Diwali at civil township rourkela and our chamber
::2014/10/23::
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2
KIDZEE PRESCHOOL ROURKELA, CIVIL TOWNSHIP
KIDZEE PRESCHOOL ROURKELA, CIVIL TOWNSHIP
::2014/04/03::
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3
Topic: Haynes Township is a civil township of Alcona (voice)
Topic: Haynes Township is a civil township of Alcona (voice)
::2014/11/12::
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4
Topic: Ingallston Township is a civil township of (voice)
Topic: Ingallston Township is a civil township of (voice)
::2014/11/06::
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5
Part 1 Civil  Rights Violations Sept 2011 Springfield Township Ohio Trustees Meting
Part 1 Civil Rights Violations Sept 2011 Springfield Township Ohio Trustees Meting
::2011/12/10::
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6
Part 2 Civil Rights Violations Springfield Township Ohio September 2011 Trustees Meeting
Part 2 Civil Rights Violations Springfield Township Ohio September 2011 Trustees Meeting
::2011/12/10::
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7
Emergency Alert System - Civil Danger Warning for Shrewsbury Township, PA
Emergency Alert System - Civil Danger Warning for Shrewsbury Township, PA
::2012/06/06::
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8
MADC - Maharashtra Agro Development Corporation - A Civil to Agro Township
MADC - Maharashtra Agro Development Corporation - A Civil to Agro Township
::2013/09/29::
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9
Dalton Township, Michigan
Dalton Township, Michigan
::2014/12/02::
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10
Rex A. Burgess  Clinton Township MI, Civil Litigation Lawyer
Rex A. Burgess Clinton Township MI, Civil Litigation Lawyer
::2012/05/16::
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11
Civil Union Lawyer Voorhees Township, NJ | 866-401-4954 | LGBT Divorce
Civil Union Lawyer Voorhees Township, NJ | 866-401-4954 | LGBT Divorce
::2014/08/14::
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12
South Africa State of Emergency 1980
South Africa State of Emergency 1980's
::2008/07/23::
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13
From township boy to space boy | Mandla Maseko | TEDxJohannesburg
From township boy to space boy | Mandla Maseko | TEDxJohannesburg
::2014/12/15::
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14
Estate of Todd W. Shultz, et al. v. Gregory T. Hadfield, et al.
Estate of Todd W. Shultz, et al. v. Gregory T. Hadfield, et al.
::2014/12/17::
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15
Harrisburg and Mount Lebanon Township Fire Dept. Responding
Harrisburg and Mount Lebanon Township Fire Dept. Responding
::2013/07/29::
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16
Rage Against The Machine - Township Rebellion (Lyrics)
Rage Against The Machine - Township Rebellion (Lyrics)
::2013/01/09::
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17
Springettsbury Township Police Brutality
Springettsbury Township Police Brutality
::2013/03/16::
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18
Sparta Township - NJ
Sparta Township - NJ
::2012/05/27::
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19
Officers sue township, trustee
Officers sue township, trustee
::2014/03/06::
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20
Domestic Violence Attorney Lacey Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
Domestic Violence Attorney Lacey Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
::2014/03/10::
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21
Harassment by Beckwith Township via OPP toward Sheep Farmer Part 1of 2
Harassment by Beckwith Township via OPP toward Sheep Farmer Part 1of 2
::2013/06/05::
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22
Video: CAIR-Philadelphia Files Suit on Behalf of Community Denied Mosque
Video: CAIR-Philadelphia Files Suit on Behalf of Community Denied Mosque
::2014/12/08::
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23
Township Rebellion - Fistfull of steel (live @ Countryside jam/Vršac)
Township Rebellion - Fistfull of steel (live @ Countryside jam/Vršac)
::2013/09/06::
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24
Domestic Violence Attorney Upper Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
Domestic Violence Attorney Upper Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
::2014/01/31::
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25
Video: CAIR-Philadelphia Helps Muslim Community Seeking Mosque
Video: CAIR-Philadelphia Helps Muslim Community Seeking Mosque
::2014/12/09::
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26
Jaipur
Jaipur's 600-acre township special
::2014/04/25::
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27
Martic Township CELDF Meeting July 2014
Martic Township CELDF Meeting July 2014
::2014/08/10::
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28
Mandela
Mandela's early life in Soweto, South Africa's biggest township
::2013/12/05::
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29
Brighton Township Tornado Siren Test 9-7-2013
Brighton Township Tornado Siren Test 9-7-2013
::2013/09/07::
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30
Langley Township Council Restricts Free Speech Once Again
Langley Township Council Restricts Free Speech Once Again
::2013/01/24::
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31
Beavercreek Township swears in first full-time African American firefighter
Beavercreek Township swears in first full-time African American firefighter
::2014/07/21::
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32
Stafford Township (Ocean County) New Jersey Police Traffic Stop
Stafford Township (Ocean County) New Jersey Police Traffic Stop
::2013/03/10::
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33
Tornado siren in Georgetown Township, MI (monthly test)
Tornado siren in Georgetown Township, MI (monthly test)
::2014/07/05::
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34
Domestic Violence Attorney Winslow Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
Domestic Violence Attorney Winslow Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
::2014/03/13::
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35
Lamborns Sunoco in Kimmel Township, Lamborn Mobile Home Park
Lamborns Sunoco in Kimmel Township, Lamborn Mobile Home Park
::2012/01/29::
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36
Lecture on Civil Society part 1
Lecture on Civil Society part 1
::2014/06/02::
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37
Rioters set South African townships ablaze
Rioters set South African townships ablaze
::2014/02/07::
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38
Michigan Open Carry addresses Macomb Township Trustees in regards to illegal ordinances
Michigan Open Carry addresses Macomb Township Trustees in regards to illegal ordinances
::2010/02/25::
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39
U13 Travel Soccer Games (Peters Township, 2014 Fall Season)
U13 Travel Soccer Games (Peters Township, 2014 Fall Season)
::2014/10/26::
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40
Township Tours in Nelson Mandela Bay - South Africa
Township Tours in Nelson Mandela Bay - South Africa
::2009/06/08::
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41
Mountain Tunnel Circa 1918 - Raven Run Creek, West Mahanoy Township, PA
Mountain Tunnel Circa 1918 - Raven Run Creek, West Mahanoy Township, PA
::2013/05/14::
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42
Ohio Township PD Finest,threatening to harass me and then trying to back pedal
Ohio Township PD Finest,threatening to harass me and then trying to back pedal
::2014/10/31::
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43
Makkah Township Concepts
Makkah Township Concepts
::2012/01/14::
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44
I.N. Dreamer Park  Richhill Township, Greene County, Pa
I.N. Dreamer Park Richhill Township, Greene County, Pa
::2014/03/15::
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45
OUR TOWNSHIP(NTPC RAMAGUNDAM)
OUR TOWNSHIP(NTPC RAMAGUNDAM)
::2008/02/27::
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46
Town planing and Infrastructure development. (Full Video)
Town planing and Infrastructure development. (Full Video)
::2012/03/29::
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Surveying: Measuring & Mapping a Township
Surveying: Measuring & Mapping a Township
::2010/02/04::
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48
Miami Township Police Department
Miami Township Police Department
::2014/02/28::
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49
Kennett Township Board of Supervisors Meeting June 18 2014
Kennett Township Board of Supervisors Meeting June 18 2014
::2014/07/07::
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Sweet Child of Mine Ocean Township High School Cover
Sweet Child of Mine Ocean Township High School Cover
::2014/04/11::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Not to be confused with Survey township.

A civil township is a widely used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York and Wisconsin to refer to the equivalent of the civil township in these states. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries often coincide and may completely geographically subdivide a county. The U.S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions.

Township functions are generally overseen by a governing board (the name varies from state to state) and a clerk or trustee. Township officers frequently include justice of the peace, road commissioner, assessor, constable, and surveyor. In the 20th century many townships also added a township administrator or supervisor to the officers as an executive for the board. In some cases townships run local libraries, senior citizen services, youth services, disabled citizen services, emergency assistance, and even cemetery services.

Midwestern, central and western states[edit]

Madison Township Hall in Madison Township, Richland County, Ohio

Depending on the state, the township government has varying degrees of authority.

In the Upper Midwestern states near the Great Lakes, civil townships (known in Michigan as general law townships[1] and in Wisconsin as towns), are often, but not always, overlaid on survey townships. The degree to which these townships are functioning governmental entities varies from state to state and in some cases even within a state. For example, townships in the northern part of Illinois are active in providing public services — such as road maintenance, after-school care, and senior services — whereas townships in southern Illinois frequently delegate these services to the county. In contrast, civil townships in Indiana are operated in a relatively consistent manner state-wide and tend to be well organized, with each served by a township trustee and a three-member board. Most townships in Illinois also provide services such as snow removal, senior transportation and emergency services to households residing in unincorporated parts of the county.

Civil townships in these states are generally not incorporated, and nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease. In Michigan, general law townships can incorporate as charter townships, a status intended to protect against annexation from nearby municipalities and which grants the township some home rule powers similar to cities. In Wisconsin, civil townships are known as "towns" rather than townships, but they function essentially the same as in neighboring states. In Minnesota, state statute refers to such entities as towns yet requires them to have a name in the form "Name Township".[citation needed] In both documents and conversation, "town" and "township" are used interchangeably. Minnesota townships can be either Non-Urban or Urban (giving the township government greater power), but this is not reflected in the township's name.[2] In Ohio, a city or village is overlaid onto a township unless it withdraws by establishing a paper township. Where the paper township does not extend to the city limits, property owners pay taxes for both the township and municipality.[3] Ten other states also allow townships and municipalities to overlap.[4]

In Kansas some civil townships provide services such as road maintenance and fire protection services not provided by the county.

Northeastern states[edit]

See also: New England town and Political subdivisions of New York

Map of Cattaraugus County, New York showing municipal and township organization

New England and New York[edit]

In New England and New York, counties are further subdivided into towns and cities, the principal forms of local government. These states use the term town, instead of township. New England towns are incorporated municipalities; New York towns are also. In sparsely settled portions of New Hampshire, Vermont and, Maine, county subdivisions that are not incorporated are occasionally referred to as townships, or by other terms such as "gore", "grant", "location", "plantation", or "purchase".

Pennsylvania and New Jersey[edit]

A Pennsylvania township is a unit of local government, responsible for services such as police departments, local road and street maintenance. It acts the same as a city or borough. Townships were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to fifty-two square miles(10–135 km²). A New Jersey township is a form of municipal government equal in status to a village, town, borough, or city.

Southern states[edit]

1877 map of Warren County, Indiana. Among all civil townships, only Pine Township exactly matches a survey township with 36 sections.

In the South, outside of cities and towns there is generally no local government other than the county.

North Carolina is no exception to that rule, but it does have townships as minor geographical subdivisions of counties, including both unincorporated territory and also land within the bounds of incorporated cities and towns (as well as the extraterritorial jurisdiction of municipalities). Every county is divided into townships as mandated since the North Carolina Constitution of 1868. Some urbanized counties such as Mecklenburg County (Charlotte) now number their townships (e.g. "Township 12") rather than using names. Townships all over the state used to have some official organization and duties but now are only considered ceremonial divisions of each county. Township names are still used quite extensively at the county government level in North Carolina as a way of determining and dividing up areas for administrative purposes; primarily for collecting county taxes, determining fire districts, for real estate purposes such as categorizing land deeds, land surveys and other real estate documents, and for voter registration purposes. In most areas of North Carolina that are outside of any municipal limit (outside cities or towns), townships are used to determine voter polling places, and in most instances county election boards divide up their voter precincts by township. However, there is no government per se at the township level in North Carolina, and there are no elected or appointed offices associated with townships.

States with civil townships[edit]

As of 2012, there were 16,360 organized town or township governments in the following states:[5]

  • Connecticut
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Kansas
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Dakota
  • Vermont
  • Wisconsin

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "What is a Township?". Michigan Township Association. 2006-12-05. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  2. ^ "Minnesota Statutes 368.01: Powers of Certain Metropolitan Area Towns". Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  3. ^ "Commissioners Meeting" (PDF). Medina, Ohio: Medina County, Ohio. 2005-05-23. p. 5. Retrieved 2009-10-22. Lynda Bowers, Lafayette Township Trustee, noted that we already have property that is dual citizenship and they pay taxes in 2 places. There is Chippewa Lake in Lafayette Township, Westfield Village in Westfield Township and Lodi in Harrisville Township. 
  4. ^ "Municipalities and Townships". Lists & Structure of Governments. Washington, D.C.: United States Census Bureau. 2009-06-08. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 
  5. ^ United States Census Bureau. 2012 Census of Governments: Individual State Descriptions: 2012, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce, p. viii.

External links[edit]

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