1
Gap Civil Township Lawn Artist
Gap Civil Township Lawn Artist
DATE: 2015/04/23::
2
Gap Civil Township lawn care
Gap Civil Township lawn care
DATE: 2015/04/22::
3
Mission Sunday cleaning activity at Civil Township
Mission Sunday cleaning activity at Civil Township
DATE: 2015/03/31::
4
KIDZEE PRESCHOOL ROURKELA, CIVIL TOWNSHIP
KIDZEE PRESCHOOL ROURKELA, CIVIL TOWNSHIP
DATE: 2014/04/03::
5
Diwali at  civil township rourkela and our chamber
Diwali at civil township rourkela and our chamber
DATE: 2014/10/23::
6
Part 1 Civil  Rights Violations Sept 2011 Springfield Township Ohio Trustees Meting
Part 1 Civil Rights Violations Sept 2011 Springfield Township Ohio Trustees Meting
DATE: 2011/12/10::
7
Part 2 Civil Rights Violations Springfield Township Ohio September 2011 Trustees Meeting
Part 2 Civil Rights Violations Springfield Township Ohio September 2011 Trustees Meeting
DATE: 2011/12/10::
8
perry township police,violated my civil rights,worse than terrorists
perry township police,violated my civil rights,worse than terrorists
DATE: 2015/06/07::
9
MADC - Maharashtra Agro Development Corporation - A Civil to Agro Township
MADC - Maharashtra Agro Development Corporation - A Civil to Agro Township
DATE: 2013/09/29::
10
Emergency Alert System - Civil Danger Warning for Shrewsbury Township, PA
Emergency Alert System - Civil Danger Warning for Shrewsbury Township, PA
DATE: 2012/06/06::
11
Rex A. Burgess  Clinton Township MI, Civil Litigation Lawyer
Rex A. Burgess Clinton Township MI, Civil Litigation Lawyer
DATE: 2012/05/16::
12
Dalton Township, Michigan
Dalton Township, Michigan
DATE: 2014/12/03::
13
South Africa State of Emergency 1980
South Africa State of Emergency 1980's
DATE: 2008/07/23::
14
From township boy to space boy | Mandla Maseko | TEDxJohannesburg
From township boy to space boy | Mandla Maseko | TEDxJohannesburg
DATE: 2014/12/15::
15
Sinkhole In Florence Township Worries Residents
Sinkhole In Florence Township Worries Residents
DATE: 2015/04/22::
16
Middle Township Step Team - Jonathan Smith
Middle Township Step Team - Jonathan Smith
DATE: 2015/02/25::
17
Officers sue township, trustee
Officers sue township, trustee
DATE: 2014/03/06::
18
Swatara Township PD makes changes to hiring rules
Swatara Township PD makes changes to hiring rules
DATE: 2015/03/23::
19
[14.02.15] Liberated residents of Red Partisan township talk about Ukrainian occupation
[14.02.15] Liberated residents of Red Partisan township talk about Ukrainian occupation
DATE: 2015/02/25::
20
20 Homes Damaged in 6 Alarm Fire in Hamilton Township
20 Homes Damaged in 6 Alarm Fire in Hamilton Township
DATE: 2015/06/09::
21
Harrisburg and Mount Lebanon Township Fire Dept. Responding
Harrisburg and Mount Lebanon Township Fire Dept. Responding
DATE: 2013/07/29::
22
Man Charged In Lewd Act At Hamilton Township Wawa
Man Charged In Lewd Act At Hamilton Township Wawa
DATE: 2015/01/29::
23
Loose Cow Busts Through Traffic On I-295 In Hamilton Township
Loose Cow Busts Through Traffic On I-295 In Hamilton Township
DATE: 2015/05/22::
24
Police Search for Tire Slasher in Falls Township
Police Search for Tire Slasher in Falls Township
DATE: 2015/05/20::
25
Car crashes into ravine in Northville Township
Car crashes into ravine in Northville Township
DATE: 2015/06/25::
26
Domestic Violence Attorney Upper Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
Domestic Violence Attorney Upper Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
DATE: 2014/01/31::
27
Storm Blows Roof Off Mantua Township Firehouse
Storm Blows Roof Off Mantua Township Firehouse
DATE: 2015/06/24::
28
Domestic Violence Attorney Elk Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
Domestic Violence Attorney Elk Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
DATE: 2014/03/13::
29
Township Tours in Nelson Mandela Bay - South Africa
Township Tours in Nelson Mandela Bay - South Africa
DATE: 2009/06/08::
30
Mountain Tunnel Circa 1918 - Raven Run Creek, West Mahanoy Township, PA
Mountain Tunnel Circa 1918 - Raven Run Creek, West Mahanoy Township, PA
DATE: 2013/05/14::
31
Road Remains Closed In Lower Providence Township After Fatal Accident
Road Remains Closed In Lower Providence Township After Fatal Accident
DATE: 2015/04/28::
32
Man gets life in prison for Bloomfield Township murder
Man gets life in prison for Bloomfield Township murder
DATE: 2015/06/09::
33
Darby Township Fire Truck Video Causes Controversy
Darby Township Fire Truck Video Causes Controversy
DATE: 2015/05/12::
34
State police seek
State police seek 'potential suspect' in deadly York Township stabbings
DATE: 2015/06/16::
35
Lecture on Civil Society part 1
Lecture on Civil Society part 1
DATE: 2014/06/02::
36
Crews Battle Building Fire In South Harrison Township
Crews Battle Building Fire In South Harrison Township
DATE: 2015/06/29::
37
Construction Injury Lawyer Ocean Township, NJ | 866-948-9139 | Crane Accident
Construction Injury Lawyer Ocean Township, NJ | 866-948-9139 | Crane Accident
DATE: 2014/12/04::
38
Suspects arrested in deadly York Township stabbings expected in court
Suspects arrested in deadly York Township stabbings expected in court
DATE: 2015/06/19::
39
North Brunswick Township DUI Lawyer - Call 315-350-3007 To Lease This Site
North Brunswick Township DUI Lawyer - Call 315-350-3007 To Lease This Site
DATE: 2011/03/21::
40
"DICTATORSHIP" IS COMING "NEXT TO YOUR TOWNSHIP"!
"DICTATORSHIP" IS COMING "NEXT TO YOUR TOWNSHIP"!
DATE: 2012/06/24::
41
Two Florence Township Homes Deemed Unsafe After Landslide
Two Florence Township Homes Deemed Unsafe After Landslide
DATE: 2015/04/23::
42
Domestic Violence Attorney Lacey Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
Domestic Violence Attorney Lacey Township, NJ 888-874-8162 New Jersey
DATE: 2014/03/10::
43
Dark Souls l Part 43 l Taxing the Township
Dark Souls l Part 43 l Taxing the Township
DATE: 2013/08/17::
44
Justin Shows The CBS3 Mobile Weather Lab To Students At Southampton Township School: Part 1
Justin Shows The CBS3 Mobile Weather Lab To Students At Southampton Township School: Part 1
DATE: 2015/05/18::
45
Green Oak Township fire chief struck by car on NB US 23
Green Oak Township fire chief struck by car on NB US 23
DATE: 2015/06/20::
46
Cleanup Continues After Tanker Explodes On Pennsauken Township Highway
Cleanup Continues After Tanker Explodes On Pennsauken Township Highway
DATE: 2015/02/24::
47
Six Injured In Serious Accident In Winslow Township
Six Injured In Serious Accident In Winslow Township
DATE: 2015/06/29::
48
12th Years Anniversary of Free Funeral Service Society
12th Years Anniversary of Free Funeral Service Society
DATE: 2013/01/03::
49
Crews Battle Large Building Fire In South Harrison Township, NJ
Crews Battle Large Building Fire In South Harrison Township, NJ
DATE: 2015/06/29::
50
Rescue Crews Search For Missing Swimmer In Monroe Township
Rescue Crews Search For Missing Swimmer In Monroe Township
DATE: 2015/07/01::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Not to be confused with Survey township.

A civil township is a widely used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York, and Wisconsin to refer to the equivalent of the civil township in these states. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries often coincide and may completely geographically subdivide a county. The U.S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions. Currently, there are 20 states with civil townships.

Township functions are generally overseen by a governing board (the name varies from state to state) and a clerk or trustee. Township officers frequently include justice of the peace, road commissioner, assessor, constable, and surveyor. In the 20th century many townships also added a township administrator or supervisor to the officers as an executive for the board. In some cases townships run local libraries, senior citizen services, youth services, disabled citizen services, emergency assistance, and even cemetery services.

Midwestern, central, and western states[edit]

Madison Township Hall in Madison Township, Richland County, Ohio

Depending on the state, the township government has varying degrees of authority.

In the Upper Midwestern states near the Great Lakes, civil townships (known in Michigan as general law townships[1] and in Wisconsin as towns), are often, but not always, overlaid on survey townships. The degree to which these townships are functioning governmental entities varies from state to state and in some cases even within a state. For example, townships in the northern part of Illinois are active in providing public services — such as road maintenance, after-school care, and senior services — whereas townships in southern Illinois frequently delegate these services to the county. Most townships in Illinois also provide services such as snow removal, senior transportation, and emergency services to households residing in unincorporated parts of the county. The townships in Illinois each have a township board, whose board members were formerly called township trustees, and a single township supervisor. In contrast, civil townships in Indiana are operated in a relatively consistent manner state-wide and tend to be well organized, with each served by a single township trustee and a three-member board.[citation needed]

Civil townships in these states are generally not incorporated, and nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease. In Michigan, general law townships can incorporate as charter townships, a status intended to protect against annexation from nearby municipalities and which grants the township some home rule powers similar to cities. In Wisconsin, civil townships are known as "towns" rather than townships, but they function essentially the same as in neighboring states. In Minnesota, state statute refers to such entities as towns yet requires them to have a name in the form "Name Township".[citation needed] In both documents and conversation, "town" and "township" are used interchangeably. Minnesota townships can be either Non-Urban or Urban (giving the township government greater power), but this is not reflected in the township's name.[2] In Ohio, a city or village is overlaid onto a township unless it withdraws by establishing a paper township. Where the paper township does not extend to the city limits, property owners pay taxes for both the township and municipality.[3] Ten other states also allow townships and municipalities to overlap.[4]

In Kansas some civil townships provide services such as road maintenance and fire protection services not provided by the county.[citation needed]

Northeastern states[edit]

Map of Cattaraugus County, New York showing municipal and township organization

New England and New York[edit]

In New England and New York, counties are further subdivided into towns and cities, the principal forms of local government. These states use the term town, instead of township. New England towns are incorporated municipalities; New York towns are also. In sparsely settled portions of New Hampshire, Vermont, and Maine, county subdivisions that are not incorporated are occasionally referred to as townships, or by other terms such as "gore", "grant", "location", "plantation", or "purchase".

Pennsylvania and New Jersey[edit]

A Pennsylvania township is a unit of local government, responsible for services such as police departments, local road and street maintenance. It acts the same as a city or borough. Townships were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to fifty-two square miles(10–135 km²). A New Jersey township is a form of municipal government equal in status to a village, town, borough, or city.

Southern states[edit]

1877 map of Warren County, Indiana. Among all civil townships, only Pine Township exactly matches a survey township with 36 sections.

In the South, outside of cities and towns there is generally no local government other than the county.

North Carolina is no exception to that rule, but it does have townships as minor geographical subdivisions of counties, including both unincorporated territory and also land within the bounds of incorporated cities and towns (as well as the extraterritorial jurisdiction of municipalities). Every county is divided into townships as mandated since the North Carolina Constitution of 1868. Some urbanized counties such as Mecklenburg County (Charlotte) now number their townships (e.g. "Township 12") rather than using names. Townships all over the state used to have some official organization and duties but now are only considered ceremonial divisions of each county. Township names are still used quite extensively at the county government level in North Carolina as a way of determining and dividing up areas for administrative purposes; primarily for collecting county taxes, determining fire districts, for real estate purposes such as categorizing land deeds, land surveys and other real estate documents, and for voter registration purposes. In most areas of North Carolina that are outside of any municipal limit (outside cities or towns), townships are used to determine voter polling places, and in most instances county election boards divide up their voter precincts by township. However, there is no government per se at the township level in North Carolina, and there are no elected or appointed offices associated with townships.

States with civil townships[edit]

As of 2012, there were 16,360 organized town or township governments in the following states:[5]

  • Connecticut
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Kansas
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Dakota
  • Vermont
  • Wisconsin

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "What is a Township?". Michigan Township Association. 2006-12-05. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  2. ^ "Minnesota Statutes 368.01: Powers of Certain Metropolitan Area Towns". Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  3. ^ "Commissioners Meeting" (PDF). Medina, Ohio: Medina County, Ohio. 2005-05-23. p. 5. Retrieved 2009-10-22. Lynda Bowers, Lafayette Township Trustee, noted that we already have property that is dual citizenship and they pay taxes in 2 places. There is Chippewa Lake in Lafayette Township, Westfield Village in Westfield Township and Lodi in Harrisville Township. 
  4. ^ "Municipalities and Townships". Lists & Structure of Governments. Washington, D.C.: United States Census Bureau. 2009-06-08. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 
  5. ^ United States Census Bureau. 2012 Census of Governments: Individual State Descriptions: 2012, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce, p. viii.

External links[edit]

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