Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Classes of United States Senators
Classes of United States Senators
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: WikiWikiup
The Bicameral Congress: Crash Course Government and Politics #2
The Bicameral Congress: Crash Course Government and Politics #2
Published: 2015/01/30
Channel: CrashCourse
US Citizenship Naturalization Test (100 TEST QUESTIONS)
US Citizenship Naturalization Test (100 TEST QUESTIONS)
Published: 2016/03/20
Channel: KateLalit
Map of USA senators by party affiliation from 1789 to 2017
Map of USA senators by party affiliation from 1789 to 2017
Published: 2017/06/03
Channel: Mantas Liutkus
US Citizenship Naturalization Test 2016 (Complete 100 Questions)
US Citizenship Naturalization Test 2016 (Complete 100 Questions)
Published: 2013/10/29
Channel: KateLalit
Constitution for the United States of America.
Constitution for the United States of America.
Published: 2012/11/24
Channel: John Adams
2016 U.S. Senate Debate
2016 U.S. Senate Debate
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: University of the Pacific
US Citizenship Naturalization Test  (All 100 Questions and Answers)
US Citizenship Naturalization Test (All 100 Questions and Answers)
Published: 2013/12/17
Channel: KateLalit
The Populist Movement (Story Time with Mr. Beat)
The Populist Movement (Story Time with Mr. Beat)
Published: 2015/04/19
Channel: Mr. Beat
WATCH NOW: Jeff Sessions | Senate Testimony on CBSN
WATCH NOW: Jeff Sessions | Senate Testimony on CBSN
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: CBS News
GOP silences Sen. Warren over AG nominee protest
GOP silences Sen. Warren over AG nominee protest
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: CBS This Morning
Social Class In America, 1957
Social Class In America, 1957
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: Chudnow Museum
Difference Between Senate and House
Difference Between Senate and House
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Terry
United States Senate
United States Senate
Published: 2014/08/02
Channel: Audiopedia
U.S. Senate = An Embarrassment
U.S. Senate = An Embarrassment
Published: 2013/04/18
Channel: The Young Turks
.@Liz_Wheeler: The class of 2017 has a lot to unlearn
.@Liz_Wheeler: The class of 2017 has a lot to unlearn
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: One America News Network
Getting to the Point with Senator Elizabeth Warren
Getting to the Point with Senator Elizabeth Warren
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate
#DEAR CONGRESS
#DEAR CONGRESS
Published: 2013/10/04
Channel: MrSteveRiker
The Constitution Article 1 Section 3 by Through The Constitution.
The Constitution Article 1 Section 3 by Through The Constitution.
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: throughtheconstitution
Former FBI Director James Comey Testifies Before Senate (Full) | NBC News
Former FBI Director James Comey Testifies Before Senate (Full) | NBC News
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: NBC News
U.S. Senator Pat Toomey (R-PA) Sends Congratulatory Video
U.S. Senator Pat Toomey (R-PA) Sends Congratulatory Video
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Saint Joseph's University
Top 10: State ex rel. Stoutmeyer v. Duffy
Top 10: State ex rel. Stoutmeyer v. Duffy
Published: 2010/09/08
Channel: NevadaCulture
Does Cory Booker Smoke Weed?
Does Cory Booker Smoke Weed?
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: Civilized
A Visual History of Senate Polarization from 1967 to 2010
A Visual History of Senate Polarization from 1967 to 2010
Published: 2010/08/03
Channel: Adam Bonica
How Immigration Reform Could Affect English Learners
How Immigration Reform Could Affect English Learners
Published: 2013/05/02
Channel: VOA Learning English
United States Senate elections, 2014
United States Senate elections, 2014
Published: 2014/08/19
Channel: Audiopedia
Congressional Hits and Misses: Week of Dec. 14, 2015
Congressional Hits and Misses: Week of Dec. 14, 2015
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Roll Call
2016 US Senate Elections :- Bets2sport.com
2016 US Senate Elections :- Bets2sport.com
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: Bets2Sport .com
Preamble to the Constitution and Article 1 Audiobook
Preamble to the Constitution and Article 1 Audiobook
Published: 2015/10/29
Channel: audiobooksfree
United States congressional delegations from Indiana
United States congressional delegations from Indiana
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
Senators Push To Amend Constitution For NSL.Barry Black Praises Church&State.Jesuits Claim N.Gorsuch
Senators Push To Amend Constitution For NSL.Barry Black Praises Church&State.Jesuits Claim N.Gorsuch
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: ProphesyAgainTV
Midterm election
Midterm election
Published: 2015/12/13
Channel: Audiopedia
California Senate Passes Single-Payer Healthcare
California Senate Passes Single-Payer Healthcare
Published: 2017/06/03
Channel: The Young Turks
Anger Management For Ammo? - FL Dem
Anger Management For Ammo? - FL Dem's Bill Called Attack On 2nd Amendment - Gun Control
Published: 2013/03/07
Channel: Mass Tea Party - Wake Up America!
Senate Work Group Focusing on Health Care
Senate Work Group Focusing on Health Care
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: One America News Network
The Words That Built America - Full Film (HBO Documentary Films)
The Words That Built America - Full Film (HBO Documentary Films)
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: HBO
Anh ngữ đặc biệt: English Classes for Immigrants (VOA)
Anh ngữ đặc biệt: English Classes for Immigrants (VOA)
Published: 2013/05/15
Channel: Học tiếng Anh cùng VOA
What Caused Our National Debt? Bernie Sanders on Finance, Deficit Proposal (2011)
What Caused Our National Debt? Bernie Sanders on Finance, Deficit Proposal (2011)
Published: 2016/02/27
Channel: The Film Archives
Here come the freshmen: Congress
Here come the freshmen: Congress' newest class
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: LOCAL 12
U.S. Senator John McCain (R-AZ) Sends Congratulatory Video
U.S. Senator John McCain (R-AZ) Sends Congratulatory Video
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Saint Joseph's University
US 36 star flag  For sale
US 36 star flag For sale
Published: 2010/01/22
Channel: Bill Hirst
U.S. Constitution- the mini series; Article 1, Section 3
U.S. Constitution- the mini series; Article 1, Section 3
Published: 2006/12/13
Channel: skinnychef
How I put up my Mohawk
How I put up my Mohawk
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: DarkDeath89
U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar (D- MN)
U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar (D- MN)
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: UChi Pol
US Senate Votes Repeal Obamacare/Defund Planned Parent Hood
US Senate Votes Repeal Obamacare/Defund Planned Parent Hood
Published: 2015/12/04
Channel: CURRENCY365
XXX Trees for a changing climate
XXX Trees for a changing climate
Published: 2010/01/22
Channel: Bill Hirst
USA: BOB DOLE RECEIVES ROUSING SEND OFF FROM REPUBLICAN MEMBERS
USA: BOB DOLE RECEIVES ROUSING SEND OFF FROM REPUBLICAN MEMBERS
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Obama pleasse listen
Obama pleasse listen
Published: 2010/01/22
Channel: Bill Hirst
The Rich Should Pay More Taxes: Bernie Sanders on the Earned Income Tax Credit (1993)
The Rich Should Pay More Taxes: Bernie Sanders on the Earned Income Tax Credit (1993)
Published: 2015/11/28
Channel: The Film Archives
Teachers United: The Rise of New York State United Teachers | Ebook
Teachers United: The Rise of New York State United Teachers | Ebook
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Jamison Prado
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The three classes of United States Senators are made up of 33 or 34 Senate seats each. The purpose of the classes is to determine which Senate seats will be up for election in a given year. The three groups are staggered so that one of them is up for election every two years, rather than having all 100 seats up for election at once. For example, the 33 Senate seats of Class 1 were elected in 2012, the 33 seats of Class 2 were up for election in 2014, and the 34 seats of Class 3 were up for election in 2016.

The three classes were established by Article I, Section 3, Clause 2 of the U.S. Constitution. The actual division was originally performed by the Senate in May 1789 by lot, with a rule being that a state's two seats had to be in different classes.[1] Whenever a new state subsequently joined the union, its two senate seats were permanently assigned to two different classes by coin toss, while keeping the three classes as close to the same size as possible.[2]

A senator's description as junior or senior senator is not related to his or her class. Rather, a state's senior senator is the one with the greater seniority in the Senate. This is mostly based on length of service.

Historical division[edit]

When the Founding Fathers agreed to give six-year terms to Senators, they also decided to stagger the elections, so that a third of the Senate was up for election every two years. With this staggered turnover, the Founding Fathers wanted to ensure stability in the Senate, and encourage Senators to deliberate measures over time, rather than risk a rapid turnover of the entire chamber every six years. At the same time, they wanted more frequent elections, as opposed to waiting every six years, to prevent Senators from permanently combining for "sinister purposes".[1]

The three classes of the Senate were then specified by Article I, Section 3 of the U. S. Constitution:

Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year.

This was achieved in May 1789, several weeks after the first Senate assembled. Only 20 senators from 10 states were present; North Carolina and Rhode Island had not yet ratified the U.S. Constitution, and New York, because of its late ratification, had not yet selected its Senators.[3] To decide on how to implement this, on May 11 the Senate appointed a committee consisting of Senators Ellsworth, Carroll, and Few.[4] In accordance with their recommendation, on May 14 the Senate divided the members into three classes:[5]

Thursday, May 14, 1789. The committee appointed to consider and report a mode of carrying into effect the provision in the second clause of the third section of the first article of the Constitution, reported:

Whereupon, Resolved, That the Senators be divided into three classes:

That three papers of an equal size, numbered 1, 2, and 3, be, by the Secretary, rolled up and put into a box, and drawn by Mr. Langdon, Mr. Wingate, and Mr. Dalton, in behalf of the respective classes in which each of them are placed; and that the classes shall vacate their seats in the Senate according to the order of numbers drawn for them, beginning with number one: And that, when Senators shall take their seats from States that have not yet appointed Senators, they shall be placed by lot in the foregoing classes, but in such manner as shall keep the classes as nearly equal as may be in numbers.

On the following day, May 15, the term expiration of each class was determined by drawing lots.[5]

The Senate proceeded to determine the classes, agreeably to the resolve of yesterday, on the mode of carrying into effect the provision of the second clause of the third section of the first article of the constitution, and the numbers being drawn, the classes were determined as follows:

Lot No. 1, drawn by Mr. Dalton, contained Mr. Dalton, Mr. Ellsworth, Mr. Elmer, Mr. Maclay, Mr. Read, Mr. Carroll, and Mr. Grayson, whose seats shall, accordingly, be vacated in the Senate, at the expiration of the second year.

Lot No. 2, drawn by Mr. Wingate, contained Mr. Wingate, Mr. Strong, Mr. Paterson, Mr. Bassett, Mr. Lee, Mr. Butler, and Mr. Few, whose seats shall, accordingly be vacated in the Senate, at the expiration of the fourth year.

Lot No. 3, drawn by Mr. Langdon, contained Mr. Langdon, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Morris, Mr. Henry, Mr. Izard, and Mr. Gunn, whose seats shall, accordingly, be vacated in the Senate, at the expiration of the sixth year.

Upon the expiration of a senator's term of any length, someone starts a new six-year term as senator (based on election by the state legislatures until the Seventeenth Amendment required direct popular election of Senators).

Because each state is represented by two Senators, regardless of population, each Senate class collectively represents a different number of people than each other Senate class. Since the early 19th century, Class 2 Senators have cumulatively represented between 50-60% of the population of the United States, while Senators from each of the other two classes have cumulatively represented approximately 70-75% of the population of the United States.[6] (Because each state has two senators, the sum total of these figures is 200%, not 100%.) Several currently large states, including California, New York, Florida, and Ohio, all have their Senators in Classes 1 and 3, helping to create this imbalance.

New states[edit]

Map shows the classes in each US State:
  Classes 1 and 2
  Classes 1 and 3
  Classes 2 and 3

When a new state is admitted to the Union, its two senators have terms that correspond to those of two different classes, among the three classes defined below. Which two classes is determined by a scheme that keeps the three classes as close to the same size as possible; one that avoids the largest class differing by more than one senator from the smallest class.[2] A coin toss determines which new senator enters which of the classes selected to be expanded.[2]

This means at least one of any new state's first pair of senators has a term of less than six years, and one term is either two or four years shorter than the other.

When the last state, Hawaii, was admitted in 1959, candidates for the Senate ran either for "seat A" or "seat B." The new Senators, in a process managed by the Secretary of the Senate, drew lots to determine which of the two would join the Class 1 (whose term would end in five-and-a-half years), and which would join Class 3 (whose term would end in three-and-a-half years).[7][8]

Should a 51st state be admitted, it would receive senators in Classes 1 and 2, at which point all three Classes would have 34 senators.[2]

Class 1 [edit]

Class 1 consists of:

States with a Class 1 senator: Arizona, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

Class 2 [edit]

Class 2 consists of:

States with a Class 2 senator: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

Class 3 [edit]

Class 3 consists of:

States with a Class 3 senator: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington, and Wisconsin.

List of current Senators by Class[edit]

  Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 Total
Democratic 23 11 12 46
Republican 8 22 22 52
Independent 2 0 0 2
Last election 2012 2014 2016  
Next election 2018 2020 2022  
TOTAL 33 33 34 100
State Class 1 Class 2 Class 3
Alabama Strange, LutherLuther Strange (R) Shelby, RichardRichard Shelby (R)
Alaska Sullivan, DanDan Sullivan (R) Murkowski, LisaLisa Murkowski (R)
Arizona Flake, JeffJeff Flake (R) McCain, JohnJohn McCain (R)
Arkansas Cotton, TomTom Cotton (R) Boozman, JohnJohn Boozman (R)
California Feinstein, DianneDianne Feinstein (D) Harris, KamalaKamala Harris (D)
Colorado Gardner, CoryCory Gardner (R) Bennet, MichaelMichael Bennet (D)
Connecticut Murphy, ChrisChris Murphy (D) Blumenthal, RichardRichard Blumenthal (D)
Delaware Carper, TomTom Carper (D) Coons, ChrisChris Coons (D)
Florida Nelson, BillBill Nelson (D) Rubio, MarcoMarco Rubio (R)
Georgia Perdue, DavidDavid Perdue (R) Isakson, JohnnyJohnny Isakson (R)
Hawaii Hirono, MazieMazie Hirono (D) Schatz, BrianBrian Schatz (D)
Idaho Risch, JimJim Risch (R) Crapo, MikeMike Crapo (R)
Illinois Durbin, DickDick Durbin (D) Duckworth, TammyTammy Duckworth (D)
Indiana Donnelly, JoeJoe Donnelly (D) Young, ToddTodd Young (R)
Iowa Ernst, JoniJoni Ernst (R) Grassley, ChuckChuck Grassley (R)
Kansas Roberts, PatPat Roberts (R) Moran, JerryJerry Moran (R)
Kentucky McConnell, MitchMitch McConnell (R) Paul, RandRand Paul (R)
Louisiana Cassidy, BillBill Cassidy (R) Neely Kennedy, JohnJohn Neely Kennedy (R)
Maine King, AngusAngus King (I) Collins, SusanSusan Collins (R)
Maryland Cardin, BenBen Cardin (D) Van Hollen, ChrisChris Van Hollen (D)
Massachusetts Warren, ElizabethElizabeth Warren (D) Markey, EdEd Markey (D)
Michigan Stabenow, DebbieDebbie Stabenow (D) Peters, GaryGary Peters (D)
Minnesota Klobuchar, AmyAmy Klobuchar (D) Franken, AlAl Franken (D)
Mississippi Wicker, RogerRoger Wicker (R) Cochran, ThadThad Cochran (R)
Missouri McCaskill, ClaireClaire McCaskill (D) Blunt, RoyRoy Blunt (R)
Montana Tester, JonJon Tester (D) Daines, SteveSteve Daines (R)
Nebraska Fischer, DebDeb Fischer (R) Sasse, BenBen Sasse (R)
Nevada Heller, DeanDean Heller (R) Cortez Masto, CatherineCatherine Cortez Masto (D)
New Hampshire Shaheen, JeanneJeanne Shaheen (D) Hassan, MaggieMaggie Hassan (D)
New Jersey Menendez, BobBob Menendez (D) Booker, CoryCory Booker (D)
New Mexico Heinrich, MartinMartin Heinrich (D) Udall, TomTom Udall (D)
New York Gillibrand, KirstenKirsten Gillibrand (D) Schumer, ChuckChuck Schumer (D)
North Carolina Tillis, ThomThom Tillis (R) Burr, RichardRichard Burr (R)
North Dakota Heitkamp, HeidiHeidi Heitkamp (D) Hoeven, JohnJohn Hoeven (R)
Ohio Brown, SherrodSherrod Brown (D) Portman, RobRob Portman (R)
Oklahoma Inhofe, JimJim Inhofe (R) Lankford, JamesJames Lankford (R)
Oregon Merkley, JeffJeff Merkley (D) Wyden, RonRon Wyden (D)
Pennsylvania Casey, Bob, Jr.Bob Casey, Jr. (D) Toomey, PatPat Toomey (R)
Rhode Island Whitehouse, SheldonSheldon Whitehouse (D) Reed, JackJack Reed (D)
South Carolina Graham, LindseyLindsey Graham (R) Scott, TimTim Scott (R)
South Dakota Rounds, MikeMike Rounds (R) Thune, JohnJohn Thune (R)
Tennessee Corker, BobBob Corker (R) Alexander, LamarLamar Alexander (R)
Texas Cruz, TedTed Cruz (R) Cornyn, JohnJohn Cornyn (R)
Utah Hatch, OrrinOrrin Hatch (R) Lee, MikeMike Lee (R)
Vermont Sanders, BernieBernie Sanders (I) Leahy, PatrickPatrick Leahy (D)
Virginia Kaine, TimTim Kaine (D) Warner, MarkMark Warner (D)
Washington Cantwell, MariaMaria Cantwell (D) Murray, PattyPatty Murray (D)
West Virginia Manchin, JoeJoe Manchin (D) Capito, Shelley MooreShelley Moore Capito (R)
Wisconsin Baldwin, TammyTammy Baldwin (D) Johnson, RonRon Johnson (R)
Wyoming Barrasso, JohnJohn Barrasso (R) Enzi, MikeMike Enzi (R)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Senate and the United States Constitution". senate.gov. Retrieved October 23, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Frequently Asked Questions about a New Congress". United States Senate. Retrieved June 11, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Senators Receive Class Assignments". Senate History. United States Senate. Retrieved January 10, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Annals of Congress". Constitution Society. Retrieved August 4, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Journal of the Senate of the United States of America". Journal of the Senate of the United States of America, 1789-1793. Library of Congress. May 14, 1789. Retrieved June 11, 2013. 
  6. ^ Skelley, Geoffrey (May 29, 2014). "Senate Class Population Imbalance". Sabato's Crystal Ball. Retrieved May 30, 2014. 
  7. ^ Davies, Lawrence E. (July 30, 1959). "G.O.P. Wins Governorship in Hawaii's First State Vote". The New York Times. 
  8. ^ Trussell, C. P. (August 25, 1959). "Congress Hails Three New Members from 50th State". The New York Times. 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license