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Why you shouldn
Why you shouldn't daily drive a classic car
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Rob Dahm
Should You Buy A Classic Car?
Should You Buy A Classic Car?
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: Scotty Kilmer
8 Cheapest Classic Muscle Cars You Can Buy Today
8 Cheapest Classic Muscle Cars You Can Buy Today
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Car News Central
a classic car vlog.. | BROOKS SISTERS
a classic car vlog.. | BROOKS SISTERS
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: Brooks Sisters
Big Dog Had Gas and A Classic Car!
Big Dog Had Gas and A Classic Car!
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Campervan Kevin
My Classic Car Season 20 Episode 2 - Ron Berry
My Classic Car Season 20 Episode 2 - Ron Berry's Cartoon Custom Creations
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: MyClassicCarTV
Record Breaking Auction | Chasing Classic Cars
Record Breaking Auction | Chasing Classic Cars
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Quest TV
Taking the VTEC Mini To A Classic Car Meet (Will they hate it?)
Taking the VTEC Mini To A Classic Car Meet (Will they hate it?)
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Mighty Car Mods
57 Chevy and 50 year old Farm Girl
57 Chevy and 50 year old Farm Girl's drive. A classic car! Support- patreon.com/bansheemoon
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: Banshee Moon
The World
The World's First Super Car | Chasing Classic Cars
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Quest TV
200 classic car collection liquidation
200 classic car collection liquidation
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: Unique Specialty & Classics
Abandoned Hoarders House with Classic Cars Everything Left
Abandoned Hoarders House with Classic Cars Everything Left
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: 539 Productions
Lamborghini Miura Unearthed | Chasing Classic Cars
Lamborghini Miura Unearthed | Chasing Classic Cars
Published: 2013/09/06
Channel: Velocity
Delivery Men Trash Bernie
Delivery Men Trash Bernie's Mini | Classic Car Rescue
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Quest TV
The Weirdest Car Yet? | Chasing Classic Cars
The Weirdest Car Yet? | Chasing Classic Cars
Published: 2014/12/06
Channel: Velocity
Best Classic Car Moments - Fifth Gear
Best Classic Car Moments - Fifth Gear
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: Fifth Gear
Classic Car Rescue Porsche  911
Classic Car Rescue Porsche 911
Published: 2013/06/12
Channel: Trump 2016
GTA 5 Online Sports Vs Sports Classic Car Meet
GTA 5 Online Sports Vs Sports Classic Car Meet
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: hella-flush
Kid Temper Tantrum Tries To Get Into Classic Car During Car Show [ Original ]
Kid Temper Tantrum Tries To Get Into Classic Car During Car Show [ Original ]
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Oh Shiitake Mushrooms
NEW $1.000.000 SPORTS CLASSIC CAR IN GTA 5! (GTA 5 DLC)
NEW $1.000.000 SPORTS CLASSIC CAR IN GTA 5! (GTA 5 DLC)
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Menace
Family inherits world-record classic car collection
Family inherits world-record classic car collection
Published: 2015/03/18
Channel: Fox Business
Restoring a Classic E Type Jaguar | Classic Car Rescue
Restoring a Classic E Type Jaguar | Classic Car Rescue
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Quest TV
Classic Cars Leaving a Car Meet - June 2017
Classic Cars Leaving a Car Meet - June 2017
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Mk1Kieran
Classic Car Collection Of The Nethercutt Museum
Classic Car Collection Of The Nethercutt Museum
Published: 2015/02/28
Channel: Samuel Cernuto
How To Drive Classic Cars Every Day -- JALOPNIK ON /DRIVE
How To Drive Classic Cars Every Day -- JALOPNIK ON /DRIVE
Published: 2012/08/02
Channel: /DRIVE
6th Annual Whittier Area Classic Car Show (2017) - Drive-Ins
6th Annual Whittier Area Classic Car Show (2017) - Drive-Ins
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: USAutos98
Classic Car Fails ~ Labor of Love Destroyed
Classic Car Fails ~ Labor of Love Destroyed
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: MyHotRodTV
Classic Cars leaving a Car Show in the Rain - January 2017
Classic Cars leaving a Car Show in the Rain - January 2017
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: AdamC3046
Jay Leno
Jay Leno's Steam Cars
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: MyClassicCarTV
Classic Car Rescue S01 E04
Classic Car Rescue S01 E04
Published: 2015/02/22
Channel: TOTO DERATI
WhipAddict: 1st Annual Magic City Classic Car Show, Custom Cars, Big Rims, Street Action
WhipAddict: 1st Annual Magic City Classic Car Show, Custom Cars, Big Rims, Street Action
Published: 2016/11/13
Channel: WhipAddict
CLASSIC CAR GRAVEYARD! - JUNKYARD - Exploring hundreds of rusting classic cars - Matt
CLASSIC CAR GRAVEYARD! - JUNKYARD - Exploring hundreds of rusting classic cars - Matt's Rad Show
Published: 2016/07/23
Channel: MattsRadShow
Classic Car Rescue S01E05
Classic Car Rescue S01E05
Published: 2015/06/28
Channel: Leigh Dunn
Classic Cars - Are They A Good Choice For A First Car?
Classic Cars - Are They A Good Choice For A First Car?
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Men and Motors
Classic car rally challenge - Top Gear - BBC
Classic car rally challenge - Top Gear - BBC
Published: 2010/05/18
Channel: Top Gear
F1 2017 Classic Car Reveal - McLaren [UK]
F1 2017 Classic Car Reveal - McLaren [UK]
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: F1® Games From Codemasters
F1 2017 Classic Car Reveal - McLaren [DE]
F1 2017 Classic Car Reveal - McLaren [DE]
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: F1® Games From Codemasters
The Hudson Hornet | Chasing Classic Cars
The Hudson Hornet | Chasing Classic Cars
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Quest TV
Fifth Gear - Classic Car Investments
Fifth Gear - Classic Car Investments
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: FifthGear
Should I Buy a Classic Car?
Should I Buy a Classic Car?
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: Shmee150
Episode 1: Inside London’s Most Exclusive Classic Car Restoration Garage - Rust To Riches
Episode 1: Inside London’s Most Exclusive Classic Car Restoration Garage - Rust To Riches
Published: 2014/11/12
Channel: Barcroft Cars
My Classic Car Season 21 Episode 3 - Warbirds, Wings & Wheels
My Classic Car Season 21 Episode 3 - Warbirds, Wings & Wheels
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: MyClassicCarTV
ALL F1 2017 CLASSIC CAR TRAILERS
ALL F1 2017 CLASSIC CAR TRAILERS
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Matt212
JCCS Japanese Classic Car Show 2014
JCCS Japanese Classic Car Show 2014
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: Sean Alessi
Classic Cars Leaving a Car Meet - February
Classic Cars Leaving a Car Meet - February '17
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Mk1Kieran
CLASSIC AUTO SHOW LA 2017 Los Angeles Convention Center Full Video
CLASSIC AUTO SHOW LA 2017 Los Angeles Convention Center Full Video
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: LEARNINGCHORDS
My Classic Car Season 21 Episode 17 - Fleming
My Classic Car Season 21 Episode 17 - Fleming's Pumpkin Run
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: MyClassicCarTV
Classic Car | 1967 Volkswagen | Driving.ca
Classic Car | 1967 Volkswagen | Driving.ca
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Driving.ca
Classic car rally challenge day 2 - Top Gear - BBC
Classic car rally challenge day 2 - Top Gear - BBC
Published: 2010/05/18
Channel: Top Gear
Living with a Classic Car as a daily
Living with a Classic Car as a daily
Published: 2015/10/03
Channel: AdamC3046
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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1931 Pierce-Arrow with body by LeBaron

A classic car is an older automobile; the exact definition varies around the world. The common theme is of an older car with enough historical interest to be collectable and worth preserving or restoring rather than scrapping.

Cars 100 years and older typically fall into the antique class.

Organizations such as the Classic Car Club of America (CCCA) and the Antique Automobile Club of America (AACA) maintain a list of eligible unmodified cars that are called "classic". These are described as "fine" or "distinctive" automobile, either American or foreign built, produced between 1915–1925 and 1942–1948.

In the UK, 'classic cars' range from veteran (pre–First World War), to vintage (1919–1930), to post-vintage (1930s).

Post–Second World War "classic cars" are not precisely defined and the term is often applied to any older vehicle.

United States[edit]

Cars 100 years and older typically fall into the antique class and this includes the "Brass Era car" that are defined by the Horseless Carriage Club of America (HCCA) as "any pioneer gas, steam and electric motor vehicle built or manufactured prior to January 1, 1916."[1]

The "classic" term is often applied loosely by owners to any car.[2]

Legal definitions[edit]

Legally, most states have time-based rules for the definition of "historic" or "classic" for purposes such as antique vehicle registration. For example, Maryland defines historic vehicles as 20 calendar years old or older and they "must not have been substantially altered, remodeled or remanufactured from the manufacturers original design"[3] while West Virginia defines motor vehicles manufactured at least 25 years prior to the current year as eligible for "classic" car license plates.[4]

Despite this, at many American classic car shows, automobiles typically range from the 1920s to the 1970s. Recently, many 1980s and even early 1990s cars are considered being "classic automobiles". Examples of cars at such shows include the Chevrolet Bel-Air, Ford Model T, Dodge Charger, Ford Deuce Coupe, and 1949 Ford. Meanwhile, the Concours d'Elegance car shows feature prestigious automobiles such as the Cadillac V16 or pre-1940 Rolls-Royce models. There are also terms as "modern customs", "exotics", or "collectibles" that cover cars such as the AMC Gremlin or Ford Pinto.

There are differences in the exact identification of a "classic car". Division by separate eras include: horseless carriages (19th-century experimental automobiles such as the Daimler Motor Carriage), antique cars (brass era cars such as the Ford Model T), and classic cars (typically 1930s cars such as the Cord 812). Some also include muscle cars, with the 1974 model year as the cutoff.

Classic Car Club of America[edit]

1932 Nash Advanced Eight - a CCCA "Full Classic" car[5]

The Classic Car Club of America describes a CCCA Classic as a "fine" or "distinctive" automobile, either American or foreign built, produced between 1915 and 1948.

The CCCA is dedicated to the preservation and enjoyment of select cars that "are distinguished by their respective fine design, high engineering standards and superior workmanship."[6] Other differentiating factors - including engine displacement, custom coachwork, and luxury accessories such as power brakes, power clutch, and "one-shot" or automatic lubrication systems - help determine whether a car is considered a CCCA Classic.[7] The cars on their list "represent the pinnacle of engineering, styling and design for their era."[8]

Any CCCA member may petition for a vehicle to join the list.[9] Such applications are carefully scrutinized, but rarely is a new vehicle type admitted.[10] Moreover, no commercial vehicles such as hearses, ambulances, or race cars are accepted as a Full Classic.[9]

The CCCA maintains this definition of "classic car" and uses terms such as CCCA Classic or the trademarked Full Classic.[11] The CCCA has estimated that 1,366,843 "American Classics" were built.[12]

Antique Automobile Club of America[edit]

The Antique Automobile Club of America (AACA) recognizes "motorized vehicles 25 years old or older, which were built in factories and specifically designed and manufactured for transportation use on public roadways and highways."[13] Judging by the AACA evaluates such vehicles to be in historic or that have "been restored to the same state as the dealer could have prepared the vehicle for delivery to the customer." Specified AACA classic vehicles include "fine or unusual domestic or foreign automobiles primarily built between and including the years 1925 and 1942."[14]

United Kingdom[edit]

There is no fixed definition of a classic car. Two taxation issues do impact however, leading to some people using them as cutoff dates. All cars built before January 1, 1976, are exempted from paying the annual road tax vehicle excise duty. This is then entered on the licence disc displayed on the windscreen as "historic vehicle" (if a car built before this date has been first registered in 1975 or later, then its build date would have to be verified by a recognised body such as British Motor Heritage Foundation to claim tax-free status). HM Revenue and Customs define a classic car for company taxation purposes as being over 15 years old and having a value in excess of £15,000.[15] Additionally, popular acclaim through a large number of classic car magazines plays an important role in whether a car comes to be regarded as a classic. It is all subjective and a matter of opinion. The elimination of depreciation is a reason for buying a classic car; this is a major cost of owning a modern car. Picking 'future classics' that are current 'bangers' is a pastime of people into classic cars in the UK. Successfully picking and buying one can result in a profit for the buyer as well as providing transport. An immaculate well cared for prestige model with high running costs that impacts its value, but is not yet old enough to be regarded as a classic, could be a good buy, for example.[16]

Classic car styling[edit]

There was a worldwide change in styling trends in the immediate years after the end of World War II. The 1946 Crosley and Kaiser-Frazer, for example, changed the traditional discrete replaceable-fender treatment. From this point on, automobiles of all kinds became envelope bodies in basic plan. The CCCA term, "antique car" has been confined to "the functionally traditional designs of the earlier period" (mostly pre-war). They tended to have removable fenders, trunk, headlights, and a usual vertical grill treatment. In a large vehicle, such as a Duesenberg, Pierce-Arrow, or in a smaller form, the MG TC, with traditional lines, might typify the CCCA term. Another vehicle might be a classic example of a later period but not a car from the "classic period of design", in the opinion of the CCCA.

Modern classics (Youngtimer)[edit]

These vehicles are generally older, ranging from 15 to 25 years, but are usually not accepted as classics according to the Antique Automobile Club of America.[citation needed] The German term youngtimer describes older vehicles which have not yet become "old timer" classic cars.[17]

In the United Kingdom, the modern classic definition is open to the discretion often by Insurance Brokers and Insurance Companies who regard a Modern Classic as a vehicle that is considered collectible regardless of age.[18] The usage of the vehicle limited to recreational purposes or restricted mileage is also taken into account.

Safety[edit]

Car accident in 1930

Drivers of classic cars must be especially careful. Classic cars often lack what are now considered basic safety features, such as seat belts, crumple zones or rollover protection. On September 10, 2009, ABC News 'Good Morning America' and 'World News' showed a U.S. Insurance Institute of Highway Safety crash test of a 2009 Chevrolet Malibu in an offset head-on collision with a 1959 Chevrolet Bel Air sedan. It dramatically demonstrated the effectiveness of modern car safety design, over 1950s X-frame design, particularly of rigid passenger safety cells and crumple zones.[19] [20] The 1959 Chevrolets used an X frame design which lacked structural rigidity; had the IIHS used a pre-1958 Chevrolet with a Unibody design, the results would have been much better.[21] Vehicle handling characteristics (particularly steering and suspension) and brake performance are likely to be poorer than current standards, hence requiring greater road-awareness on the part of the driver. In certain areas of the United States, using a classic car as a daily vehicle is strongly discouraged and may even be considered illegal in some places.[22]

The British AA motoring association has urged motorists using or driving near classic cars to pay particular attention to safety. The issue received particular public attention following a 2013 case in which a driver in a hire 1963 MGB was killed immediately in a collision with a taxi.[23][24]

Retro-styled (color-coded with chromed buckles) 2-point and 3-point seat (safety) belts are manufactured according to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS). However, most classic car bodies (manufactured before the late 1960s) did not include safety belts as standard equipment, and do not include readily available reinforced mounting points, on the vehicle body, therefore it can be problematic to install such equipment properly: specific studies and calculations should be performed before any attempts. Proper installation is critical, which means locating attachment points on the body/frame, assuring the strength by proper reinforcement, and following the seat belt installation instructions properly to reduce the risk of malfunction or failure.[25] Some classic car owners are reluctant to retrofit seat belts for the loss of originality this modification implies. There have also been instances of cars losing points at shows for being retrofitted with seat belts.[26]

Fitting modern tires is also a suggestion to improve the handling.[27] However, most modern tires may be much wider and have a lower profile than those used on classic cars when new, therefore they may interfere with suspension elements and the tire walls may become damaged. The suspension of a classic car may not be suitable for radial ply tyres, having been designed to only accommodate bias ply tires. Narrow classic car wheels may have been designed for narrow high-profile tube tires and not be suitable for modern tubeless radial tires. Another problem with modern tires on classic cars is that increased grip requires increased steering effort; many classic cars do not come with power steering. Many major tire companies have dedicated classic car tire marketing departments and will be able to give expert technical advice to address all these issues. It is important to know how radial tires will affect the performance of a car originally fitted with bias-ply tires, and the considerations needed to compensate for the differences.[28]

Upgrading braking using either bespoke parts, parts produced by the vehicle's manufacturer, from later versions of the same model or later models that may be compatible with minor modification, is an effective method of improving safety. Popular examples include drum brake to disc brake conversions, or adding a vacuum servo to cars with front disc brakes that did not originally have one.

Although they lack such advanced safety features as air bags, antilock braking systems, and other electronic controls, most US-market cars built 1966 and later have basic safety features such as padded dashboards, seat belts, dual-circuit braking systems, and safety glass.

Despite these concerns, classic cars are involved in significantly fewer accidents.[22][unreliable source?]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "The Horseless Carriage Club". The Horseless Carriage Club of America. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  2. ^ "Glossary – A guide to speaking the language of CCCA". Classic Car Club of America. 2 October 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "How do I register a vehicle as an historic vehicle?". Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  4. ^ "Division of Motor Vehicles Application for Classic Car License Plate" (PDF). West Virginia Department of Transportation. August 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  5. ^ Auto Editors of Consumer Guide (24 July 2007). "1930-1934 Nash Twin-Ignition Eight". HowStuffWorks.com. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  6. ^ Jensen, Todd A. (2006). Automotive Websites (Second ed.). McFarland. pp. 63–64. ISBN 9781476608907. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  7. ^ "What is a Classic Car?". Classic Car Club of America. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  8. ^ "A Comprehensive Look at Classic Cars". Van Burden Insurance. 2 June 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "Instructions for Applications Considered". The Classic Car. Classic Car Club of America. 46-47: 16. 1998. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  10. ^ "Approved CCCA Classics" (PDF). Classic Car Club of America. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  11. ^ "CCCA Approved Classics". Classic Car Club of America. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  12. ^ Lee, Jon. "About Classics:Why We Define Classics As We Do & By The Number" (PDF). Classic Car Club of America. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  13. ^ "AACA Official Judging Manual" (PDF) (revised 2015 ed.). Antique Automobile Club of America. 2006. pp. 4–3. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  14. ^ AACA, pp. 4-8 to 4-9
  15. ^ "Car benefit: classic car: definition". HM Revenue & Customs. Retrieved 2008-06-25. 
  16. ^ Robbins, Alex (2013-09-23). "Invest in an affordable future classic car". The Daily Telegraph. London. 
  17. ^ "Neusäß: Schmankerl für Autoliebhaber: Oldtimer auf der Slalomstrecke - Nachrichten Augsburg-Land, Gersthofen, Neusäß - Augsburger Allgemeine" (in (in German)). Augsburger-allgemeine.de. 2015-05-28. Retrieved 2017-01-17. 
  18. ^ Firebond Insurance PLC Practical Classics Magazine advertising 1997
  19. ^ Stark, Lisa (2009-09-10). "Highway Safety Exclusive: Car Crashes, Travel Deaths Prevented by Technology — ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  20. ^ Neff, John. "Pics Aplenty: IIHS reveals before and after of Malibu/Bel Air crash". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  21. ^ Niedermeyer, Paul. "Automotive History: An X-Ray Look At GM’s X Frame (1957–1970)". Curbsideclassic.com. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  22. ^ a b "Deadly crash spotlights classic-car safety". USAtoday.com. 2005-08-02. Retrieved 2010-09-20. 
  23. ^ "AA issues warning to classic car owners after MG 'folded like a penknife'". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 28 March 2016. Following the death of teacher Nick Sennett, the AA says classic cars 'simply do not have the damage resistance of modern vehicles' 
  24. ^ Glanfield, Emma. "Short-sighted cab driver 'frustrated at rush-hour traffic rammed into back of classic car so hard it folded like a pen-knife and killed teacher driver'". Daily Mail. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  25. ^ Interior Insights: What You Need to Know When Installing Aftermarket Seat Belts – Hotrod & Restoration
  26. ^ Wright, Jeanne (2001-12-12). "Classic Cars Pose Special Risks for Drivers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-09-20. 
  27. ^ "Classic Car Safety". collectorsector.com. 2014-02-11. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  28. ^ "Tire Technical Information". Rsracing.com. 2002-01-29. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 

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