Mouvement perpétuel ? : Incroyables Expériences  Energie libre / Free energy / perpetuum mobile
|Media||1 GB (Linux only), 2 GB, 4 GB, 8 GB, 16 GB, 32 GB flash memory, 30 GB HDD|
|Operating system||Windows XP Professional
Mandriva Linux 2010
Metasys Classmate 2.0
for the Classmate PC, Microsoft Innovation Suite 1.0, 2.0, 2.5
|Power||4/6-cell Li-ion battery|
|CPU||Intel Atom Mobile Processor N270, N455|
|Memory||DDR-II 256M (Linux only) or 512/1024 SO-DIMM DDR-III 1GB SO-DIMM|
|Display||7” or 8.9” or 10.1" 800 × 480 Color LCD
800 × 480
|Connectivity||10/100M Ethernet WLAN 802.11b/g with antenna, Mesh 802.11s support|
The Classmate PC, formerly known as Eduwise, is Intel's entry into the market for low-cost personal computers for children in the developing world. It is in some respects similar to the One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) trade association's Children's Machine (XO), which has a similar target market. Although made for profit, the production of the Classmate PC is considered an Information and Communication Technologies for Development project. The device falls into the then popular category of netbooks.
Intel’s World Ahead Program was established May 2006. The program designed a platform for low cost laptops that third party manufacturers could use to produce low cost machines under their own respective brands.
The Classmate PC is a reference design by Intel. Intel does not build the subnotebooks, but does produce the chips that power them. The reference design is then used by original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) worldwide to build their own branded Classmate PC.
Lenovo and Intel launched a new Classmate PC in 2011.
Intel has had various partners with its iterations of the Classmate PC. Recently, the company has signed up Lenovo as a partner for the latest model, the Classmate+ PC. Reviews of the machine say that it's faster and more tamper proof.
The Lenovo carry handle is firmly in place at the back of the Classmate+ PC and it's powered by one of Intel's Atom processors, in this case a single core 1.6 GHz Atom N455 which is paired with Intel's NM10 chipset.
It will also come with up to 2GB of RAM, a standard netbook style 10.1-inch LCD screen, an option of either an 8 or 16GB SSD or a 160 or 250GB hard drive. Other features include 802.11b/g/n Wi-Fi, 10/100Mbit Ethernet, a 1.3Megapixel webcam, three USB 2.0 ports, a memory card reader, a D-sub connector and a pair of audio jacks.
Lenovo will supply three different battery packs for the Classmate+ PC, a standard 3-cell unit which is said to deliver 3-3.5h battery life depending on whether it's configured with a hard drive or SSD, a 4400mAh 6-cell pack good for between 7-7.5h and finally a 5200mAh high density 6-cell battery pack good for up to 8.5-9h of usage. The Classmate+ PC will only be available to qualified education and government customers through Lenovo or its channel partners.
The reference hardware specifications as of September 28, 2006 are:
There was a consumer model called MiLeap X, build by HCL Infosystems, India.
The successor of the original Classmate design was announced in April 2008 and reviewed. Later on, different photos of the successor leaked. Photos of Classmate PC 3 as a tablet PC are available. The second generation Classmate was unveiled on 3 April 2008 at Intel's Developer Forum. Significant upgrades include:
On Computex 2009, Intel presented the third generation of the Classmate PC. It comes with a camera and an accelerometer.
The Intel-Powered Convertible Classmate PC had its official release at CES in January 2009 and was aimed at students, teachers, and parents. The Convertible Classmate can be converted from a traditional laptop to a tablet PC to allow children to write and draw more naturally. This model was designed by TEAMS Design Shanghai and won several design awards such as the Appliance Design EID Award, 2008 Spark Award and IF 2008 China Award. The initial model includes the following:
Intel announced that its device would run either Linux or Windows XP Professional. Intel is not using Windows XP Embedded as initially planned. Intel has been actively working with various international and local Linux distributions in various countries.
Currently, the Intel powered classmate PC has been shown to run the following Linux distributions:
In Latin America, contingent upon the receipt of sufficient international fund monies, the Mexican and Brazilian governments are evaluating whether to buy Intel's or the OLPC's laptop. Regardless of the hardware chosen, the Brazilian government announced that it would use the Linux operating system. It has been confirmed that Intel will be shipping the Laptops with Mandriva Linux, Discovery 2007 edition as well as the Classmate 2.0 Linux distribution by the Brazilian company Metasys.
Oscar Clarke, President of Intel of Brasil, delivered thirty production units to the Brazilian Ministry of Education (MEC), for evaluation by SERPRO (Federal Data Processing Service of Brazil).
It is currently available in Argentina made by 10 different brands of manufactures with OS like Linux and Windows also in Paraguay through HITECER S.A - TROVATO CISA GROUP. About the end of 2009, Argentina's government planned to give all the public high school students one of these netbooks. 740 million U$S will be used to give all public schools routers and infrastructure to reduce the digital gap around the country.
In 2011 Mexico detracted it's bid to buy several million Classmate PC's and instead selected a specialized variant of the Mexican built Lanix LT laptop series running Windows 7 to equip students in 16,000 schools across the country.
In Seychelles, Classmate PC were supplied to primary schools as part of Sheikh Khalifa ICT project Seychelles 2010. In Kenya Intel has partnered the distributors of Mecer products Mustek E.A who have worked with other government and non-government organizations to distribute the Classmate PC to rural areas.
In 2009, State Government of Terengganu with cooperation from (Top IT Industries Sdn Bhd) and Intel Malaysia introduces CMPC through local brand TC (known as Top IT now) in Terengganu as e-book to replace the traditional text book in primary school all around Terengganu. First batch of E09 model landed on Terengganu on March 2009 and till now the State Government still providing CMPC to primary school students for free. Ranging from E09 (2009), E10 (2010) and the latest model E11 (2011 - till now) is given to give boost to ICT literacy to school children.
In Asia, it has been available in Indonesia since early March 2008, through two local brands: Axioo and Zyrex. The Zyrex brand, called Anoa, is a rebranded Classmate PC equipped with the Intel ULV 900 MHz (400 MHz FSB) processor, 512 MB RAM, 2 GB SSD, WiFi, LAN, 7 inch screen, 2 USB ports, card reader. The Classmate PC is available in Linux or Windows XP operating system, with the XP version incurring extra cost to cover the licensing.
In late 2007, a deal was made with the Vietnamese government to supply local schools with a special Classmate PC for discounted price. As this version is loaded with Hacao Linux, the government was able to avoid operating system licensing fees.
On May 20, 2008, Italian company Olidata announced the release of a modded version of the Classmate PC named Jumpc. This version was first on sale in Italy, but by the end of the year it was also available in many European countries.
On July 31, 2008, Intel, JP Sá Couto (the producer of the Tsunami Portuguese computers) and the Portuguese Government headed by Prime Minister José Sócrates announced the production of the "Magalhães" (a tribute to Portuguese navigator Magellan), an Intel Classmate-based computer that will be produced in Portugal (by JP Sá Couto) and distributed to Portuguese children in primary education for 50€ (free or at 20€ for students on social aid), as well as being exported to other countries.
Intel Classmate PC (the 7" version) is available in Greece, and sold as the InfoQuest "Quest Classmate", with a blue-coloured exterior. Its specifications include 2 GB storage, Windows XP Professional, no hard drive, no camera, and SD card support. It is sold by various retailers, including MediaMarkt.
Serbian leading IT company "COMTRADE" from April 2009 will introduce "ComTrade CoolBook" netbook (Classmate PC), they already donated 30 netbook's to one Belgrade elementary school.
The Intel Classmate series in Canada is available through MDG Computers under the following brand names:
They are currently being sold through sears.ca, theshoppingchannel.com, and Zellers. For Q4 of 2009, 10.1" versions of both netbooks were planned.
The Classmate PC represents Intel's competitive response to the OLPC XO, whose unusually low prices and use of AMD chips threatened to steal market share from Intel and other major manufacturers. Although Intel initially criticized the XO laptops for their lack of functionality—Intel's Chairman of the Board, Craig Barrett, himself claimed consumers wanted the full functionality of a PC—the Classmate PCs are currently being heavily marketed against the XO worldwide. Intel has already secured deals to sell hundreds of thousands of Classmate PCs to Libya, Nigeria and Pakistan, the same developing countries the OLPC project had been targeting.
The goals of the Classmate PC project and the OLPC project have some differences. According to Intel: the Classmate PC aims to provide technology that fits into the larger, primarily Windows-based computing environment. However, according to the OLPC, the XO breaks from the desktop metaphor to provide a UI (Sugar) that they feel is more suited to the educational needs of children.
While the OLPC uses hardware and software highly customized for the educational environment, Intel has argued that the developing world wants to have generic PCs. In December 2005, Intel publicly dismissed the XO as a 'gadget'.
Intel joined the OLPC project in July 2007 and was widely expected to work on a version of the project's laptop that used an Intel chip, only to pull out of the project in January 2008. Intel spokesman Chuck Mulloy said it had pulled out because the OLPC organization had asked it to stop backing rival low-cost laptops, while OLPC's founder Nicholas Negroponte has accused Intel of underhand sales tactics and trying to block contracts to buy his machines.
|Classmate PC||OLPC XO-1||OLPC XO-1.5|
|Processor||Intel Atom N270 1.6 GHz Processor
Intel Celeron M 900 MHz Processor
|AMD Geode LX700@0.8 W + 5536||Via C7-M (1 GHz) ULV CPU
Via VX855 northbridge / southbridge companion chip for peripheral I/O 1 GiByte DDR2 SDRAM system memory, running at 400 MHz Embedded controller for system monitoring ISA Compatibility: Support for both the MMX and SSE x86 instruction-set extensions
|Display||8.9" 1024 × 600 color LCD
7" 800 × 480 color LCD 8.9" 1024 x 600 Touch Screen
|Low-power, sunlight readable, user replaceable LED backlight, low cost manufacturing process.
800×600 (color mode), 1200×900 (black and white mode) 7.5-inch LCD
|7.5in (19 cm) color/monochrome dual mode TFT LCD, 1200x900 (200dpi)
Viewing area: 152.4 mm x 114.3 mm; 6 in x 4.5 in Sunlight readable Dedicated display controller (with separate 2-MByte SGRAM frame buffer) supports use of display when CPU is powered down Solid state (LED) backlight
|Memory||1 GB / 512MB DDR-II 256M (Linux only) or 512M SO-DIMM Tech Specs||256 MiB dynamic RAM||1 MByte of serial Flash memory provided separately for firmware
Expandable through a single externally accessible SD/MMC memory card socket.
|Operating Systems||1.Rxart (Argentina only)
2.Mandriva Linux Discovery 2007
3. Metasys Classmate 2.0
4. Ubuntu Education Edition for the ClassmatePC
5. Windows XP Professional
|1. Customized, low resource version of open-source Fedora with the Sugar GUI and mesh networking
3. Customized, low resource version of open-source Ubuntu Linux with bundled open-source education applications
4. Customized, low resource version of proprietary Microsoft Windows XP without mesh networking for $10/laptop
|Fedora 11 base with Sugar 0.84 and Gnome 2.26 Release notes|
|Storage||16GB / 8 GB / 4 GB Flash (1.8" HDD), 1 GB (Linux only), 2 GB, 4 GB Flash, 30GB HDD||1024 MiB SLC NAND flash, high-speed flash controller||4 GBytes of NAND Flash memory on motherboard|
|Environmental Impact||RoHS compliant, 2W power consumption, LiFePO4 batteries, designed for easy field maintenance to extend the laptop's lifespan|
|Ruggedization||Water-resistant keyboard, drop-proof construction, and sturdy, easy-to-clean plastic chassis||2 mm case walls (instead of typical 1.3 mm), ports covered when closed. Dust, water resistant.|
|Weight||1.25 kg–1.49 kg||1.45 kg- 1.58 kg||1.5 kg Size: 245mm (9.65") _ 230mm (9") _ 30.5mm (1.2")|
|Security||Hardware-based theft deterrent.||Bitfrost|
|Audio||Stereo 2 channel audio, built-in speakers and microphone, jack for external output and microphone input||AC97-compatible audio audio subsystem; internal stereo speakers and amplifier; internal monophonic microphone; jacks for external headphones and microphone; Analog Devices AD1888 and Analog Devices SSM2211 for audio amplification Microphone socket can also act as a data logger input||Audio based on the AC97 codec, with jacks for external stereo speakers and microphones, Line-out, and Mic-in|
|Camera||0.3 MP (rotated), One-click deployment and locking camera option, integrated 30frame/s @ 640×480,||Integrated camera at 640×480 resolution at 30FPS||Integrated color video camera
640 x 480 resolution Full frame rate (30fps)
|Connectivity||10/100M Ethernet WLAN 802.11b/g/n WLAN with antenna, fMesh support (Linux only), Security: WPA, WPA-PSK, WPA2, WPA2-PSK||Integrated 802.11b/g (2.4 GHz) interface; Mesh 802.11s networking supported||Wireless networking using an "Extended Range" 802.11b/g and 802.11s (mesh) Marvell 8388 wireless chip, chosen due to its ability to autonomously forward packets in the mesh even if the CPU is powered off. When connected in a mesh, it is run at a low bitrate (2 Mbit/s) to minimize power consumption. Despite the wireless chip's minimalism, it supports WPA. An ARM processor is included.|
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