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Colony | Season 1: Official Trailer
Colony | Season 1: Official Trailer
Published: 2015/07/11
Channel: Colony USA
The Colony - Season 1 Epsiode 1 (2009)
The Colony - Season 1 Epsiode 1 (2009)
Published: 2014/09/03
Channel: Survival Skills
The Mysterious Disappearance of Roanoke Colony
The Mysterious Disappearance of Roanoke Colony
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: BuzzFeedBlue
Colony | Season 2 Premiere: 10 Minute Sneak Peek
Colony | Season 2 Premiere: 10 Minute Sneak Peek
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: Colony USA
SEA SHANTY | Colony Survival #4
SEA SHANTY | Colony Survival #4
Published: 2017/12/29
Channel: YOGSCAST Lewis & Simon
EXPANDING BORDERS | Colony Survival #11
EXPANDING BORDERS | Colony Survival #11
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: YOGSCAST Lewis & Simon
The Colony Season 2 - Episode 1
The Colony Season 2 - Episode 1
Published: 2012/05/26
Channel: MNBNetwork
Colony Survival -  The Great Tower - A Giant Colony - Colony Survival Gameplay Part 2
Colony Survival - The Great Tower - A Giant Colony - Colony Survival Gameplay Part 2
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: Draegast
Colony - Season 1 Recap
Colony - Season 1 Recap
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: Legendary
The Colony Official International Trailer #1 (2013) - Laurence Fishburne Movie HD
The Colony Official International Trailer #1 (2013) - Laurence Fishburne Movie HD
Published: 2013/03/19
Channel: Movieclips Trailers
WE
WE'RE BREAKING UP | Colony Survival w/ Ze, Chilled, & GaLm #2
Published: 2018/01/18
Channel: ZeRoyalViking
HOMING ROBOTIC SPIDERS - THE COLONY | Destiny 2 Gameplay
HOMING ROBOTIC SPIDERS - THE COLONY | Destiny 2 Gameplay
Published: 2017/12/06
Channel: Mr. Fruit Gaming Channel
2000 COLONISTS?! - Colony Survival Giant Castle Build | Colony Survival #13
2000 COLONISTS?! - Colony Survival Giant Castle Build | Colony Survival #13
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: IcyCaress
In Flames - Colony [HQ]
In Flames - Colony [HQ]
Published: 2012/10/04
Channel: Slenderman
Colony Season 2 Finale Theories and Season 3 Predictions: The Hosts, The Factory, Snyder, Jennifer
Colony Season 2 Finale Theories and Season 3 Predictions: The Hosts, The Factory, Snyder, Jennifer
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: What the Geek
Colony Season 2 Trailer #2 (HD)
Colony Season 2 Trailer #2 (HD)
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: TV Promos
FRIENDLY FIRE | Colony Survival #10
FRIENDLY FIRE | Colony Survival #10
Published: 2018/01/15
Channel: YOGSCAST Lewis & Simon
TUBE CUBE COLONY CHALLENGE MAP EP 7 - Oxygen Not Included TUBULAR UPGRADE ONI
TUBE CUBE COLONY CHALLENGE MAP EP 7 - Oxygen Not Included TUBULAR UPGRADE ONI
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: Biffa Plays Indie Games
Damien Dempsey "colony"
Damien Dempsey "colony"
Published: 2008/02/16
Channel: mistercullen8
Destiny 2 - The Colony Review: A must have Exotic
Destiny 2 - The Colony Review: A must have Exotic
Published: 2017/12/07
Channel: Mtashed
Space Engineers - Colony Survival - Ep #1 - CHAOS!
Space Engineers - Colony Survival - Ep #1 - CHAOS!
Published: 2017/12/29
Channel: Captain Jack
MINECRAFT 2!! | Colony Survival
MINECRAFT 2!! | Colony Survival
Published: 2018/01/14
Channel: jacksepticeye
MINECRAFT WITH SLAVERY! (Colony Survival w/ Ze & Chilled #1)
MINECRAFT WITH SLAVERY! (Colony Survival w/ Ze & Chilled #1)
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: ZeRoyalViking
10 curiosidades sobre COLONY
10 curiosidades sobre COLONY
Published: 2016/02/04
Channel: ZEPfilms
COLONY Season 2 TRAILER (2017) USA Series
COLONY Season 2 TRAILER (2017) USA Series
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Series Trailer MP
SYNLAKROSS - Colony (OFFICIAL VIDEO)
SYNLAKROSS - Colony (OFFICIAL VIDEO)
Published: 2018/01/15
Channel: SynlakrossChannel
The Colony - Trailer Deutsch HD
The Colony - Trailer Deutsch HD
Published: 2013/07/25
Channel: SplendidFilm
Planet Ant - Life Inside The Colony - BBC
Planet Ant - Life Inside The Colony - BBC
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: antARKTV
Colony: La serie que muestra una invasión extraterrestre
Colony: La serie que muestra una invasión extraterrestre
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: AsiSomos
Colony 2x13 Promo "Ronin" (HD) Season Finale
Colony 2x13 Promo "Ronin" (HD) Season Finale
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: TV Promos
Let
Let's Try: Aven Colony (Sci-Fi Colony Building Game)
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: quill18
Primeiras Impressões de Colony - Critica
Primeiras Impressões de Colony - Critica
Published: 2015/12/25
Channel: Vale a pena Assistir?
Fisher lovebirds Colony Progress Chicks and Eggs in Urdu/Hindi.
Fisher lovebirds Colony Progress Chicks and Eggs in Urdu/Hindi.
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: BUDGIES PARROTS TRADERS
EVERYONE GET ON THE BOAT | Colony Survival #8
EVERYONE GET ON THE BOAT | Colony Survival #8
Published: 2018/01/08
Channel: YOGSCAST Lewis & Simon
The Colony (2013) – Cannibals At The Bridge
The Colony (2013) – Cannibals At The Bridge
Published: 2015/07/22
Channel: Shudder
Pink Diamond :The wonderful World of Pink (Pink
Pink Diamond :The wonderful World of Pink (Pink's First Colony) Steven Universe Fan Comic Episode 9
Published: 2018/01/16
Channel: Super Cartoon Universe
Colony Survival -  Ep. 1 - Starting a Huge City! - Colony Survival Mutliplayer Gameplay
Colony Survival - Ep. 1 - Starting a Huge City! - Colony Survival Mutliplayer Gameplay
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Blitz
Ant Colony Time Lapse
Ant Colony Time Lapse
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: Ali Joorabchi
Destiny 2 Exotic Review! "The Colony" Exotic Grenade Launcher. (Probably The Most Fun Exotic Ever!)
Destiny 2 Exotic Review! "The Colony" Exotic Grenade Launcher. (Probably The Most Fun Exotic Ever!)
Published: 2017/12/06
Channel: Mesa Sean
Which Countries Still Have Colonies?
Which Countries Still Have Colonies?
Published: 2015/07/04
Channel: NowThis World
UN TRONO PER RE THELONEGAMER | Colony Survival - ep. 03 [ITA]
UN TRONO PER RE THELONEGAMER | Colony Survival - ep. 03 [ITA]
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: TheLoneGamer
COLONIZING MARS : SPACE RACE TO BUILD A COLONY - Best Documentary HD
COLONIZING MARS : SPACE RACE TO BUILD A COLONY - Best Documentary HD
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Smart Gagdets Technology
BUILDING A COLONY & BECOMING KING! - Colony Survival Gameplay [Ep 1] - Kingdom Building!
BUILDING A COLONY & BECOMING KING! - Colony Survival Gameplay [Ep 1] - Kingdom Building!
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: SpyCakes
Colony Interview | Comic-Con 2017 | TVLine
Colony Interview | Comic-Con 2017 | TVLine
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: TVLine
THE LARGEST COLONY IN THE WORLD?! (1200+ Colonists) - Colony Survival
THE LARGEST COLONY IN THE WORLD?! (1200+ Colonists) - Colony Survival
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: oompaville
In Flames - Colony (Full Album)
In Flames - Colony (Full Album)
Published: 2015/03/07
Channel: Thánatos _
Colony | Season 2 Official Trailer – Returns January 12th
Colony | Season 2 Official Trailer – Returns January 12th
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Colony USA
Thirteen Colonies: the New England Colonies
Thirteen Colonies: the New England Colonies
Published: 2011/04/22
Channel: MrZoller
Colony Survival - BEST ZOMBIE PROOF CASTLE BASE! - Colony Survival Gameplay - #6
Colony Survival - BEST ZOMBIE PROOF CASTLE BASE! - Colony Survival Gameplay - #6
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Krojak
Colony Season 2 "The Darkest Hour" Promo (HD)
Colony Season 2 "The Darkest Hour" Promo (HD)
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: TV Promos
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Chart of non-self-governing territories (as of June 2012).
Puerto Rico, considered by some to be "the world's oldest colony"[1][2][3]

In politics and history, a colony is a territory under the immediate political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign.[vague] For colonies in antiquity, city-states would often found their own colonies. Some colonies were historically countries, while others were territories without definite statehood from their inception.

The metropolitan state is the state that rules the colony. In Ancient Greece, the city that founded a colony was known as the metropolis. "Mother country" is a reference to the metropolitan state from the point of view of citizens who live in its colony. There is a United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories.

Unlike a puppet state or satellite state, a colony has no independent international representation, and its top-level administration is under direct control of the metropolitan state.

The term informal colony is used by some historians to refer to a country under the de facto control of another state, although this term is often contentious.

Definitions[edit]

The word "colony" comes from the Latin word colōnia. This in turn derives from the word colōnus, which means colonist but also implies a farmer. Cologne is an example of a settlement preserving this etymology. Other, less obvious settlements that began as Roman colonia include cities from Belgrade to York. A tell-tale sign of a settlement once being a Roman Colony is a city centre with a grid pattern.[4] The terminology is taken from architectural analogy, where a column pillar is beneath the (often stylized) head capital, which is also a biological analog of the body as subservient beneath the controlling head (with 'capital' coming from the Latin word caput, meaning 'head'). So colonies are not independently self-controlled, but rather are controlled from a separate entity that serves the capital function.

Roman colonies first appeared when the Romans conquered neighbouring Italic peoples. These were small farming settlements that appeared when the Romans had subdued an enemy in war. A colony could take many forms, as a trade outpost or a military base in enemy territory. Its original definition as a settlement created by people migrating from a central region to an outlying one became the modern definition.

Ancient examples[edit]

Modern historical examples[edit]

  •  Alaska: a colony of Russia from the middle 18th century until sold to the United States in 1867. It became the 49th American state in 1959.
  •  Angola: a colony of Portugal since the 16th century. Independent since 1975.
  •  Argentina gained its independence from Spain in 1810 and formed the modern constitution in 1853.
  •  Australia was formed as an independent country in 1901 from a federation of six distinct British colonies which were founded between 1788 and 1829.
  •  Barbados: was a colony of Great Britain important in the Atlantic slave trade. It gained its independence in 1966.
  •  Brazil: a colony of Portugal since the 16th century. Independent since 1822.
  •  Canada: colonized first by France as New France (1534-1763), then under British rule (1763–1867), before achieving Dominion status.
  •  Congo, Democratic Republic of the: a colony of Belgium from 1908 to 1960.
  •  French Indochina was formed in October 1887 from Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina (which together form modern Vietnam) and the Kingdom of Cambodia; Laos was added after the Franco-Siamese War in 1893. The federation lasted until 1954. In the four protectorates, the French formally left the local rulers in power, who were the Emperors of Vietnam, Kings of Cambodia, and Kings of Luang Prabang, but in fact gathered all powers in their hands, the local rulers acting only as figureheads.
  •  Ghana: Contact between Europe and Ghana (known as The Gold Coast) began in the 15th century with the arrival of the Portuguese. This soon led to the establishment of several colonies by European powers: Portuguese Gold Coast (1482–1642), Dutch Gold Coast (1598-1872), Swedish Gold Coast (1650-1663), Danish Gold Coast (1658-1850), Brandenburger and Prussian Gold Coast (1685-1721) and British Gold Coast (1821-1957). In 1957, Ghana was the first African colony south of the Sahara to become independent.
  •  Greenland was a colony of Denmark-Norway from 1721 and was a colony of Denmark from 1814 to 1953. In 1953 Greenland was made an equal part of the Danish Kingdom. Home rule was granted in 1979 and extended to self-rule in 2009. See also Danish colonization of the Americas.
  •  Guinea-Bissau: a colony of Portugal since the 15th century. Independent since 1974.
  •  Hong Kong was a British colony from 1841 to 1997. Is now a Special Administrative Region of China.
  •  India Major parts of India were under the direct control of the government of the United Kingdom between 1858 and 1947. After 1947, British India was split into India and Pakistan. See also Crown colony. However Britain was not the only colonial power in India. From the 15th century until 1961, parts of modern India belonged to Portugal and were collectively known as Portuguese India. Other parts (the town of Tharangambadi, Serampore and the Nicobar Islands) belonged to Denmark from 1620 to 1869 and were known as Danish India.
  •  Indonesia was a Dutch colony for 350 years, from 1600 to 1949. During World War II, it was occupied by the Japanese military from 1942 to 1945.
  •  Jamaica was part of the Spanish West Indies in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It became a British colony in 1655, then gained its independence in 1962.
  •  Liberia was the only African nation on the African continent that was a colony for the United States of America and a protectorate from 1821 until the Liberian Declaration of Independence from the American Colonization Society on July 26, 1847. Liberia is Africa's oldest republic nation and the second oldest black republic in the world after Haiti. Liberia was founded, colonized, established and controlled by the American Colonization Society, a private organization who sent freed slaves from America and the Caribbean to Liberia as colonists to settle. Due to its backing and support from the United States, Liberia remained legally independent during the colonial era.
  •  South Africa consisted of territories and colonies by various different African and European powers, including the Dutch, the British, and the Nguni. The territory consisting the modern nation was ruled directly by the British from 1806-1910, at which point power gradually devolved from London until all remaining legal ties were formally severed in 1961.
  •  Macau was a Portuguese colony from 1557 to 1999. In 1999, two years after Hong Kong, it became a Special Administrative Region of China.
  •  Malta was a British protectorate and later a colony from the French Revolutionary Wars in 1800 to independence in 1964.
  •  Mozambique: a colony of Portugal since the 15th century. Independent since 1975.
  •  Philippines, previously a colony of Spain from 1521[6] to 1898 as part of the Spanish East Indies, was a colony of the United States from 1898 to 1946. Achieved self-governing Commonwealth status in 1935. During World War II between 1942 and 1945, it was occupied by the Japanese forces. Its independence was recognized in 1946.
  •  Somalia, was a colony of Italy and Britain from the late 1800s to 1960. On July 6, 1960, the Trust Territory of Somaliland (former Italian Somaliland) united as planned with the former British Somaliland to form the Somali Republic (Somalia).
  •  Sri Lanka a British colony from 1815 to 1948. Known as Ceylon. Was a British Dominion until 1972.
  •  Taiwan had a Dutch colony (1624–1662) centered on present-day Tainan; shortly afterwards, a Spanish colony (1626–1642) was established concurrently in northern Taiwan, not far from present-day Taipei.[7] Chinese colonial rule was established when Han Chinese forces loyal to the Ming Dynasty defeated the Dutch in 1662.[7] The Ming loyalists later surrendered Taiwan to the Qing Dynasty, which annexed Taiwan into Chinese territory, making it part of Fujian province, and later making it a province in its own right. Qing dynasty rule ended after the First Sino-Japanese War when the Qing ceded Taiwan to Japan, placing Taiwan under Japanese control (1895-1945). After the defeat of Japan in World War II, Taiwan was given to the Republic of China, becoming its base after its defeat in the Chinese civil war.
  • The  United States was formed from a union of thirteen distinct English/British colonies in British America. The Colony of Virginia was the first of the thirteen colonies. All thirteen declared independence in July 1776 and expelled the British governors.

Current colonies[edit]

The Special Committee on Decolonization maintains the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories, which identifies areas the United Nations (though not without controversy) believes are colonies. Given that dependent territories have varying degrees of autonomy and political power in the affairs of the controlling state, there is disagreement over the classification of "colony".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Constitutional Rights Foundation. Archived June 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Sharon Ann Navarro, and Armando Xavier Mejia, Latino Americans and Political Participation (Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO) 2004. p. 106. ISBN 1-85109-523-3.
  3. ^ Puerto Rico:The Trials of the Oldest Colony in the World. By Jose Trias Monge. Yale University Press. 1997.
  4. ^ James S. Jeffers (1999). The Greco-Roman world of the New Testament era: exploring the background of early Christianity. InterVarsity Press. pp. 52–53. ISBN 978-0-8308-1589-0. 
  5. ^ De Lario, Damaso; de Lario Ramírez, Dámaso (2008). "Philip II and the "Philippine Referendum" of 1599". Re-shaping the world: Philip II of Spain and his time. Ateneo de Manila University Press. ISBN 978-971-550-556-7. 
  6. ^ Ferdinand Magellan claimed the Philippine Islands for Spain in 1521, but it can be argued that Spain's legitimate sovereignty over the islands commenced following a popular referendum in 1599.[5]
  7. ^ a b Tonio Andrade, How Taiwan Became Chinese: Dutch, Spanish, and Han Colonization in the Seventeenth Century, Columbia University Press.

External links[edit]

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