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Meetings: The bike shed effect
Meetings: The bike shed effect
Published: 2016/02/21
Channel: What You Need To Know
Parkinson
Parkinson's Law of triviality
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Crystal Learn
What is Parkinson
What is Parkinson's Law?
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: The Advance Show
Katie Jacobsen - Parkinson
Katie Jacobsen - Parkinson's Law of Triviality -- No, really, it IS interesting!
Published: 2012/12/13
Channel: Katie Jacobsen
사소함의 법칙 Parkinson’s Law of Triviality [1분 심리학  43회]
사소함의 법칙 Parkinson’s Law of Triviality [1분 심리학 43회]
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: fooamind
MY BIKE SHED TOUR
MY BIKE SHED TOUR
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: CyclingCam
Parkinson
Parkinson's law - explained
Published: 2012/08/17
Channel: B2Bwhiteboard
Secure bike shed by Sussex Garden Woodwork
Secure bike shed by Sussex Garden Woodwork
Published: 2014/01/24
Channel: Sussex Garden Woodwork
Arnd Schimkat Showreel 2017
Arnd Schimkat Showreel 2017
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Arnd Schimkat
BikeShed Quick Overview
BikeShed Quick Overview
Published: 2013/11/16
Channel: Jason Denney
6x3ft Bike Shed - The Addition Bike Storage Unit from Asgard
6x3ft Bike Shed - The Addition Bike Storage Unit from Asgard
Published: 2011/06/15
Channel: Asgard Secure Steel Storage
Putting up our bike shed
Putting up our bike shed
Published: 2013/07/28
Channel: Dayve Ward
how to make / Bike shed / DIY
how to make / Bike shed / DIY
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: RJ HomeMade
Productivity - Parkinson
Productivity - Parkinson's Law
Published: 2013/08/31
Channel: Michael Bodekaer Jensen
Bikeshed Meaning
Bikeshed Meaning
Published: 2015/04/24
Channel: SDictionary
Building Lightweight Bike Shed
Building Lightweight Bike Shed
Published: 2014/09/21
Channel: Vitally Zilber
Wooden Storage and Bike Shed
Wooden Storage and Bike Shed
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: Shedswarehouse Ltd
Bike shed how to build 007 Final build
Bike shed how to build 007 Final build
Published: 2016/06/09
Channel: Prickly sauce
transmission - bikeshed.wmv
transmission - bikeshed.wmv
Published: 2011/05/29
Channel: Angela Denton
bike shed
bike shed
Published: 2013/04/09
Channel: SisterSuitcase
bicycle shed ensemble
bicycle shed ensemble
Published: 2008/10/14
Channel: allisonmarierice
Build A Bike Shed 1 (Floor)
Build A Bike Shed 1 (Floor)
Published: 2012/10/05
Channel: CheapShedsDotCom
Episode #35: Bike-Shedding
Episode #35: Bike-Shedding
Published: 2016/10/07
Channel: Corporate Pawns
Parkinson
Parkinson's Law
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: Matt Bernstein
Bikeshedding Meaning
Bikeshedding Meaning
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: SDictionary
Build a Secure Bike Shed - Ironstor Fortress
Build a Secure Bike Shed - Ironstor Fortress
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: Ironstor
Arnd Schimkat, english
Arnd Schimkat, english
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Arnd Schimkat
The Bike Shed Effect - Stranded In Space
The Bike Shed Effect - Stranded In Space
Published: 2010/12/21
Channel: TheBikeShedEffect
my bicycle shed
my bicycle shed
Published: 2013/04/28
Channel: m4rtyd
I dont care
I dont care
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Bikeshed Sweethearts
Build A Bike Shed 2 (Door)
Build A Bike Shed 2 (Door)
Published: 2012/10/06
Channel: CheapShedsDotCom
Body in the Bicycle Shed #1
Body in the Bicycle Shed #1
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: malcolm noble
Bike Shed 6x3ft - Testing the Access Bike Store from Asgard
Bike Shed 6x3ft - Testing the Access Bike Store from Asgard
Published: 2011/06/14
Channel: Asgard Secure Steel Storage
The Bikeshed - Bikmo Academy Video 4
The Bikeshed - Bikmo Academy Video 4
Published: 2014/03/05
Channel: Bikmo
Outdoor bike storage by optea-referencement.com
Outdoor bike storage by optea-referencement.com
Published: 2014/02/23
Channel: Raysandee sawal
Cognitive Biases - Bike Shedding
Cognitive Biases - Bike Shedding
Published: 2016/02/24
Channel: Arthur Doler
Budget 2014 Pension Triviality Changes
Budget 2014 Pension Triviality Changes
Published: 2014/03/19
Channel: MakeMoneySaveTax
Small Garden Shed Or Bike Shed Construction Details
Small Garden Shed Or Bike Shed Construction Details
Published: 2013/04/14
Channel: CheapShedsDotCom
How to Build a Bike Shed
How to Build a Bike Shed
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: Next Day Video
Take It easy
Take It easy
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: Bikeshed Sweethearts
Bike Sheds and Storage
Bike Sheds and Storage
Published: 2013/12/02
Channel: Sheds Direct
Muder of father in law on a trivial issue
Muder of father in law on a trivial issue
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: Zee Hindustan
Building a bike shed - The Asgard Access Bike Shed with Insulation!
Building a bike shed - The Asgard Access Bike Shed with Insulation!
Published: 2011/12/14
Channel: Asgard Secure Steel Storage
studio 7 bicycle shed
studio 7 bicycle shed
Published: 2012/09/24
Channel: victor lim
Donna Marie Smith  -  Summertime
Donna Marie Smith - Summertime
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: Bikeshed Sweethearts
Parkinson
Parkinson's Law
Published: 2012/08/09
Channel: Mike Allen
How to Set Deadlines (Avoid Parkinson
How to Set Deadlines (Avoid Parkinson's Law)
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: The Couch Manager
Manchester Bikeshed - Oxford Brookes University, Swindon
Manchester Bikeshed - Oxford Brookes University, Swindon
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Broxap Limited
Compact Vertical Bike Shed - CheapSheds.com
Compact Vertical Bike Shed - CheapSheds.com
Published: 2012/03/10
Channel: HashknifeM
Bike shed how to build 006 Slider
Bike shed how to build 006 Slider
Published: 2016/05/23
Channel: Prickly sauce
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Parkinson's law of triviality is C. Northcote Parkinson's 1957 argument that members of an organisation give disproportionate weight to trivial issues.[1] He provides the example of a fictional committee whose job was to approve the plans for a nuclear power plant spending the majority of its time on discussions about relatively minor but easy-to-grasp issues, such as what materials to use for the staff bike shed, while neglecting the proposed design of the plant itself, which is far more important and a far more difficult and complex task.

The law has been applied to software development and other activities.[2] The term bike-shed effect or bike-shedding was coined as a metaphor to illuminate the law of triviality; it was popularised in the Berkeley Software Distribution community by the Danish computer developer Poul-Henning Kamp in 1999[3] and has spread from there to the whole software industry.

Argument[edit]

The concept was first presented as a corollary of his broader "Parkinson's law" spoof of management. He dramatizes this "law of triviality" with the example of a committee's deliberations on an atomic reactor, contrasting it to deliberations on a bicycle shed. As he put it: "The time spent on any item of the agenda will be in inverse proportion to the sum [of money] involved." A reactor is so vastly expensive and complicated that an average person cannot understand it, so one assumes that those who work on it understand it. On the other hand, everyone can visualize a cheap, simple bicycle shed, so planning one can result in endless discussions because everyone involved wants to add a touch and show personal contribution.[4]

Problems arise after a suggestion of building something new for the community, like a bike shed, causes everyone involved to argue about the details. This is a metaphor indicating that it is not necessary to argue about every little feature based simply on the knowledge to do so. Some people have commented that the amount of noise generated by a change is inversely proportional to the complexity of the change.[3]

Examples[edit]

In the third chapter, "High Finance, or the Point of Vanishing Interest", Parkinson writes about a fictional finance committee meeting with a three-item agenda:[1] The first is the signing of a £10 million contract to build a reactor, the second a proposal to build a £350 bicycle shed for the clerical staff, and the third proposes £21 a year to supply refreshments for the Joint Welfare Committee.

  1. The £10 million number is too big and too technical, and it passes in two and a half minutes. One committee member proposes a completely different plan, which nobody is willing to accept as planning is advanced, and another who understands the topic has concerns, but does not feel that he can explain his concerns to the others on the committee.
  2. The bicycle shed is a subject understood by the board, and the amount within their life experience, so committee member Mr Softleigh says that an aluminium roof is too expensive and they should use asbestos. Mr Holdfast wants galvanised iron. Mr Daring questions the need for the shed at all. Holdfast disagrees. Parkinson then writes: "The debate is fairly launched. A sum of £350 is well within everybody's comprehension. Everyone can visualise a bicycle shed. Discussion goes on, therefore, for forty-five minutes, with the possible result of saving some £50. Members at length sit back with a feeling of accomplishment."
  3. Parkinson then described the third agenda item, writing: "There may be members of the committee who might fail to distinguish between asbestos and galvanised iron, but every man there knows about coffee – what it is, how it should be made, where it should be bought – and whether indeed it should be bought at all. This item on the agenda will occupy the members for an hour and a quarter, and they will end by asking the secretary to procure further information, leaving the matter to be decided at the next meeting."[5]

Related principles and formulations[edit]

There are several other principles, well known in specific problem domains, which express a similar sentiment.

  • In the context of programming language design, one encounters "Wadler's law", named for computer scientist Philip Wadler.[6] This principle asserts that the bulk of discussion on programming language design centers on syntax (which, for purposes of the argument, is considered a solved problem), as opposed to semantics.
  • Sayre's law is a more general principle, which holds (among other formulations) that "In any dispute, the intensity of feeling is inversely proportional to the value of the issues at stake"; many formulations of the principle focus on academia.

A countermeasure is the duck technique in corporate programming: a programmer expects their corporate office to insist on at least one change on every presentation to show that they're participating, regardless of the benefits of that change. Consequently, the programmer intentionally adds an element they expect corporate to remove. Quoted from Jeff Atwood's blog, Coding Horror:[7]

This started as a piece of corporate lore at Interplay Entertainment. It was well known that producers (a game industry position roughly equivalent to project manager) had to make a change to everything that was done. The assumption was that subconsciously they felt that if they didn't, they weren't adding value.

The artist working on the queen animations for Battle Chess was aware of this tendency, and came up with an innovative solution. He did the animations for the queen the way that he felt would be best, with one addition: he gave the queen a pet duck. He animated this duck through all of the queen's animations, had it flapping around the corners. He also took great care to make sure that it never overlapped the "actual" animation.

Eventually, it came time for the producer to review the animation set for the queen. The producer sat down and watched all of the animations. When they were done, he turned to the artist and said, "That looks great. Just one thing: get rid of the duck."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Parkinson, C. Northcote (1958). Parkinson's Law, or the Pursuit of Progress. John Murray. 
  2. ^ Kamp, Poul-Henning (2 October 1999). "Why Should I Care What Color the Bikeshed Is?". Frequently Asked Questions for FreeBSD 7.X, 8.X, and 9.X. FreeBSD. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Poul-Henning Kamp (October 2, 1999). "The Bikeshed email". phk.freebsd.dk. 
  4. ^ Forsyth, Donelson R (2009). Group Dynamics (5th ed.). Cengage Learning. p. 317. ISBN 978-0-495-59952-4. 
  5. ^ Cyril Northcote Parkinson (1957). Parkinson's Law – and other studies in administration (PDF) (third ed.). Houghton Mifflin Company Boston. pp. 29–30. ISBN 9780345347855. 
  6. ^ "Wadler's Law". HaskellWiki. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "New Programming Jargon". Coding Horror. 20 July 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Karl Fogel, Producing Open Source Software: How to Run a Successful Free Software Project, O'Reilly, 2005, ISBN 0-596-00759-0, "Bikeshed Effect" pp. 135, 261–268 (also online)
  • Grace Budrys, Planning for the nation's health: a study of twentieth-century developments in the United States, Greenwood Press, 1986, ISBN 0-313-25348-X, p. 81 (see extract at Google Books)
  • Bob Burton et al., Nuclear Power, Pollution and Politics, Routledge, 1990, ISBN 0-415-03065-X, p. ix (see extract at Google Books)
  • Darren Chamberlain et al., Perl Template Toolkit, O'Reilly, 2004, ISBN 0-596-00476-1, p. 412 (see extract at Google Books)
  • Donelson R. Forsyth, Group Dynamics, Brooks/Cole, 1990, ISBN 0-534-08010-3, p. 289 (see extract at Google Books)
  • Henry Bosch, The Director at Risk: Accountability in the Boardroom, Allen & Unwin, 1995, ISBN 0-7299-0325-7, p. 92 (see extract at Google Books)
  • Brian Clegg, Crash Course in Personal Development, Kogan Page, 2002, ISBN 0-7494-3832-0, p. 3 (see extract at Google Books)
  • Richard M. Hodgetts, Management: Theory, Process, and Practice, Saunders, 1979, ISBN 0-7216-4714-6, p. 115 (see extract at Google Books)
  • Journal, v. 37–38 1975–1980, Chartered Institute of Transport, p. 187 (see extract at Google Books)
  • Russell D. Archibald, Managing High-Technology Programs and Projects, John Wiley and Sons, 2003, ISBN 0-471-26557-8, p. 37 (see extract at Google Books)
  • Kishor Bhagwati, Managing Safety: A Guide for Executives, Wiley-VCH, 2007, ISBN 3-527-60959-8, p. 54 (see extract at Google Books)
  • Jan Pen, Harmony and Conflict in Modern Society, (Trans. Trevor S. Preston) McGraw–Hill, 1966 p. 195 (see extract at Google Books)
  • Derek Salman Pugh et al., Great Writers on Organizations, Dartmouth, 1993, ISBN 1-85521-383-4, p. 116 (see extract at Google Books)
  • The Federal Accountant v. 13 (September 1963 – June 1964), Association of Government Accountants, Federal Government Accountants Association, Cornell University Graduate School of Business and Public Administration, p. 16 (see extract at Google Books)
  • Al Kelly, How to Make Your Life Easier at Work, McGraw–Hill, 1988, ISBN 0-07-034015-3, p. 127 (see extract at Google Books)
  • Henry Mintzberg, Power in and Around Organizations: Dynamic Techniques of Winning, Prentice–Hall, 1983, ISBN 0-13-686857-6, p. 75 (see extract at Google Books)
  • The Building Services Engineer v.40 1972–1973, Institution of Heating and Ventilating Engineers (Great Britain), Chartered Institution of Building Services (see extract at Google Books)
  • Charles Hampden-Turner, Gentlemen and Tradesmen: The Values of Economic Catastrophe, Routledge, 1983, ISBN 0-7100-9579-1, p. 151 (see extract at Google Books)

External links[edit]

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