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Cleaning the Operating Room Between Cases
Cleaning the Operating Room Between Cases
Published: 2013/06/28
Channel: JSIJanitorial
ABC News:  Inside a Cardiac Operating Room
ABC News: Inside a Cardiac Operating Room
Published: 2011/09/16
Channel: drmagovern
OPERATING ROOM FIRE DRILL
OPERATING ROOM FIRE DRILL
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: Diane Kathleen Carmelo-Calimutan
Top 10 Unusual Operating Room Movie Scenes
Top 10 Unusual Operating Room Movie Scenes
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: WatchMojo.com
Open Thoracotomy (Viewer Discretion Advised)
Open Thoracotomy (Viewer Discretion Advised)
Published: 2013/03/27
Channel: Larry Mellick
Raf Operations Room (1945)
Raf Operations Room (1945)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
RAF Battle of Britain, Operations Room re-enactment.
RAF Battle of Britain, Operations Room re-enactment.
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: Alan Benns
Inside The Operating Room During Awake Surgery | TIME
Inside The Operating Room During Awake Surgery | TIME
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: TIME
Inside ITC
Inside ITC's Operations Control Room
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: ITC Holdings
The Navy Carrier Strike Group, Combat Information Center
The Navy Carrier Strike Group, Combat Information Center
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: US Military Videos By OpsLens
HMS Defender: Operation Kipion
HMS Defender: Operation Kipion
Published: 2014/12/22
Channel: Royal Navy
6. The Operating Room - VHE: Hip/Knee Replacement
6. The Operating Room - VHE: Hip/Knee Replacement
Published: 2014/08/07
Channel: Mayo Clinic
Inside The Team Room: Green Berets - Episode 6: Green Berets Talk About Women In Special Operations
Inside The Team Room: Green Berets - Episode 6: Green Berets Talk About Women In Special Operations
Published: 2015/01/05
Channel: The Spec Ops Channel
GoPro 3 Silver Camera in Operating Room to film surgical operations. GoPro in Surgery
GoPro 3 Silver Camera in Operating Room to film surgical operations. GoPro in Surgery
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: Nicola Bizzotto
Pre-Op & the Operating Room
Pre-Op & the Operating Room
Published: 2010/10/26
Channel: Frederick Memorial Hospital
Tekoa Operations Room
Tekoa Operations Room
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: 1israelfund
A Day In The Life Of A US Navy Destroyer: Arleigh Burke-Class USS Carney
A Day In The Life Of A US Navy Destroyer: Arleigh Burke-Class USS Carney
Published: 2015/10/30
Channel: AiirSource Military
Inmarsat Live Operations Room - Disaster Response (English subtitles)
Inmarsat Live Operations Room - Disaster Response (English subtitles)
Published: 2014/10/23
Channel: Inmarsat
Exclusive: Inside the operations room in battle against IS in southern Syria
Exclusive: Inside the operations room in battle against IS in southern Syria
Published: 2016/06/10
Channel: Middle East Eye
Syrian War Report – August 4, 2017: Army, SDF Boost Cooperation, Set Up Joint Operations Room
Syrian War Report – August 4, 2017: Army, SDF Boost Cooperation, Set Up Joint Operations Room
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: South Front
Hurricane Irma #UKaid crisis operations room
Hurricane Irma #UKaid crisis operations room
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: DFID - Department for International Development
Your surgery journey – the operating room
Your surgery journey – the operating room
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: AHSChannel
Rooms Division Operations Management
Rooms Division Operations Management
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: Nelson College London
4 - Duxford - Operations Room
4 - Duxford - Operations Room
Published: 2006/10/03
Channel: streetjo
Operations Room HMS St Albans
Operations Room HMS St Albans
Published: 2013/04/15
Channel: pete leak
Violet
Violet's Journey - Part three: Inside the Operating Room | Boston Children's Hospital
Published: 2015/01/19
Channel: Boston Children's Hospital
Step Into the Network Operations Room of DASH
Step Into the Network Operations Room of DASH's Jeff Smith
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: Dash - Digital Cash
Sign Of Thyme - Operations Room زمن الزعتر
Sign Of Thyme - Operations Room زمن الزعتر
Published: 2010/05/29
Channel: wafaa17kab
Audio From the Past [E08] - WW2 - Ronald Adams & the Operations Room Team (1945)
Audio From the Past [E08] - WW2 - Ronald Adams & the Operations Room Team (1945)
Published: 2015/02/20
Channel: Chuck Owl
68D Operating Room Specialist
68D Operating Room Specialist
Published: 2012/09/19
Channel: USArmyRecruiting
What the Ohr Somayach Operations Room Looks like
What the Ohr Somayach Operations Room Looks like
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Ohr Somayach
L-
L-'Operations Room' fil-War Rooms se tinghata l-hajja
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: NETnews
Minecraft Adventure - Operations Room #13
Minecraft Adventure - Operations Room #13
Published: 2015/07/14
Channel: Dallasmed65
Al Sarraj
Al Sarraj's visit to Al Bunyan Al Marsous Operations Room
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: Libya Prospect
نبض معركة عاصفة الجنوب - تطمينات ونهج المعركة والأهداف الأساسية
نبض معركة عاصفة الجنوب - تطمينات ونهج المعركة والأهداف الأساسية
Published: 2015/06/25
Channel: Asefat Aljanoob
911 OPERATOR Stream #1 - Chaos in the Operations Room!
911 OPERATOR Stream #1 - Chaos in the Operations Room!
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Mackscorner
Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Gabi Ashkenazi Commanding in Operations Room
Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Gabi Ashkenazi Commanding in Operations Room
Published: 2010/12/04
Channel: Israel Defense Forces
Dover Coastguard - Operations Room
Dover Coastguard - Operations Room
Published: 2007/01/21
Channel: John Vaughan
Introduction to the Operating Room (Obstetrics - C Section)
Introduction to the Operating Room (Obstetrics - C Section)
Published: 2012/06/28
Channel: Med Twice
WWII Anti Aircraft Operations Room Inverkip
WWII Anti Aircraft Operations Room Inverkip
Published: 2010/07/26
Channel: gourockguy
Pat
Pat's pooch invades the Operations room!
Published: 2011/03/29
Channel: nastypins
Astronomy with Skynet:  Remote Operations Room
Astronomy with Skynet: Remote Operations Room
Published: 2013/05/31
Channel: Skynet University
Cement plant (operations room)
Cement plant (operations room)
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: Francisco Gasia
Room Clearing Delta Force.wmv
Room Clearing Delta Force.wmv
Published: 2011/06/05
Channel: Tdeuce82
NPC2013 Behind The Scenes: The Operations Room
NPC2013 Behind The Scenes: The Operations Room
Published: 2013/11/30
Channel: Team NPC 2013
Operations Room 1990
Operations Room 1990
Published: 2016/01/24
Channel: rugbydad678
FSA launches hand-made scud missile (Omar) at Iranian operations room in Daraa
FSA launches hand-made scud missile (Omar) at Iranian operations room in Daraa
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: FSA Platform
C-Section Delivery (inside the Operating Room)
C-Section Delivery (inside the Operating Room)
Published: 2015/05/19
Channel: Giancarlo Canessa
Combined Air Operations Center
Combined Air Operations Center
Published: 2008/12/05
Channel: US Military Videos By OpsLens
Duxford Operations Room
Duxford Operations Room
Published: 2016/05/23
Channel: North120
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Plan position indicator (PPI) display showing polar display and radar sweep. A real radar display would show hard terrain features and look recognizably map-like, and from the sea, match well with land features of local nautical charts matching and sending strong clean radar echos back to the ship at sea.
Plan position indicator (PPI) display showing Doppler radar weather data

The Operations Room (also known as the Combat Information Center (CIC), or, under the British system, the Action Information Centre) is the tactical center of a warship or AWAC aircraft providing processed information for command and control of the near battlespace or 'area of operations'. Within other military commands, rooms serving similar functions are called by the similar "Command Information Center" or simply "Command center"; the number of different terms for spaces that serve much the same function may explain why the plain and generally non-descriptive "Operations Center" is a prevalent term.[citation needed]

Regardless of the vessel or command locus, each CIC organizes and processes information into a form more convenient and usable by the commander in authority. Each CIC funnels communications and data received over multiple channels, which is then organized, evaluated, weighted and arranged to provide ordered timely information flow to the battle command staff under the control of the CIC officer and his deputies.

Overview[edit]

Operations Rooms are widely depicted in film and television treatments, frequently with large maps, numerous computer consoles and radar and sonar repeater displays or consoles, as well as the almost ubiquitous grease-pencil annotated polar plot on an edge-lighted transparent plotting board. At the time the CIC concept was born, the projected map-like polar display (PPI scopes) with the ship at the center was making its way into radar displays displacing the A-scope which was simply a time-delayed blip showing a range on an oscilloscope Cathode ray tube.

Such polar plots are used routinely in navigation and military action management to display time-stamped range and bearing information to the CIC decision makers. A single 'mark' (range and bearing datum) bears little actionable decision-making information by itself. A succession of such data tells much more, including whether the contact is closing or opening in range, an idea of its speed and direction (these are calculable, even from bearings-only data, given sufficient observations and knowledge of tactics), the relation to other contacts and their ranges and behaviors. Harvesting such data sets from the polar plots and computers (Common to sonar, radar and lidar) allows the CIC crew to plot the data correctly on a chart or map at the correct range and bearing, and to calculate the course and speed of the contact accurately, giving the set a vast expansion to include future positions, given unchanged relative courses and relative speeds.

1960s vintage operations room aboard the Royal Navy destroyer HMS Cavalier

The Operations Room in the naval context brings together and manages information on the warship's status and its surroundings, and supplies this to the commanding officer, who would generally be present on the nearby bridge or where plots can be viewed and, if one is aboard, a flag officer who might have their own separate "flag bridge" and Fleet CIC. The 'Operations Room' or 'Operations Center' in other command contexts has the same function: information ordering, gathering, and presentation to the decision makers whether it is to a prime minister, general, or local police chief. The types and controls over the collection of information, the communications systems may vary, but the task or mission of providing clarification of the situation and options to the commander remain the same whether the Ops Center is located on a submarine, surface ship, or airplane.

Some control, assistance, and coordination functions may be delegated to the operations room staff or directly to the CIC officer, such as overseeing the mode and prioritization of sensor resources such as radar monitoring, targeting, or sonar activities; communications to external sources and assets. CIC is sometimes referred to by Operations Specialists as "Christ I'm Confused".

On US aircraft carriers this area is called the combat direction center (CDC). The United States developed their Command Information Center concept circa the winter of 1942–1943 and implemented it in a surge of refitting and retraining during 1943 after post-battle action analyses of battles in 1942 from the battle of the Coral Sea through the losses at Ironbottom Sound during the protracted Solomon Islands campaign.

In British usage this area may be known as an Aircraft Direction Room;[1] together with the Operations Room they form an "Operations Headquarters".[2] The British Aircraft Direction Room evolved from the Fighter Direction Office, a primitive means of controlling an aircraft carrier's aircraft through radio and radar.

Development[edit]

CIC of USS Spruance, 1975.
CIC of USS Carl Vinson, 2001.
Layout of the Combat Information Center of early Aegis cruisers.

The idea of such a centralised control room is surprisingly old; it can be found in science fiction as early as The Struggle for Empire (1900). Early versions were used in the Second World War; according to Rear Admiral Cal Laning, the idea for a command information center was taken “specifically, consciously, and directly” from the spaceship Directrix in the Lensman novels of E. E. Smith, Ph.D.,[3] and influenced by the works of his friend and collaborator Robert Heinlein, a retired American naval officer.[4] After the numerous losses during the various naval battles off Guadalcanal during the war of attrition that was part and parcel of the Solomon Islands campaign and the Battle of Guadalcanal, the United States Navy employed operational analysis, determined many of their losses were due to procedure and disorganization, and implemented the Combat Information Centers, building on what was initially called "radar plot" according to an essay "CIC Yesterday and Today" by the Naval Historical Center.[5] That same article points out that in 1942 radar, radar procedure, battle experiences, needs, and the CIC all grew up together as needs developed and experience was gained and training spread, all in fits and starts, beginning with the earliest radar uses in the Pacific battles starting with the Coral Sea, when radar gave rise to the first tentative attempt to vector an Air CAP to approaching Japanese flights, maturing some before the Battle of Midway, where post-battle analysis of Coral Sea's results had given more confidence in the ability and to the process and the desire was bolstered by new procedures giving their measure of added confidence.

The Naval History & Heritage Command essay notes that growing the responsibility of the nascent CIC organization necessarily upset the old order of doing, who was reporting to whom, and most of all, of communications protocols where now CICs within a task group were, when possible, joined in permanent communication links to even the lowliest destroyer escort or fleet auxiliary, adding the eyes and reports of their lookouts to those of similar watch-standers about the fleet as a whole. In short the CICs continually grew for a time, superseding old organizational structure and supplanting them with a new system filtering and shaping information to a newly empowered command group. The tasks and facilities put at the service of the CICs also grew within a ship. While in 1943 a destroyer CIC might just have been configured for anti-ship and anti-submarine warfare tasks, by the Battle of the Philippine Sea when set out as radar pickets had to undertake forward air controller (FAC) functions and somehow jam in air search radar and anti-air action control functions.[5]

From that beginning, were added the corporate experiences of the continuing series of naval air and naval surface actions around and about the Battle of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands campaign. By late 1943 when the first new construction carriers of the Essex-class fleet carriers and the Independence-class light carriers with many associated fleet vessels had reinforced the refitted USS Enterprise (CV-6) and the USS Saratoga (CV-3), the U.S. Navy was prepared to take the offensive and began evolving CIC procedures and operational doctrine for a fleet of carriers.[5]

There has been an evolution of electronics (computer) equipment and user interfaces used in such installations over time. Modern Operations Room equipment is built up from many connected embedded systems.[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flight 1957
  2. ^ Flight 1957 referring to the carrier HMS Ark Royal
  3. ^ Unpublished letter from John W. Campbell to E. E. Smith, pages 1–2, Dated 11 June 1947 in the collection of Verna Smith Trestrail
  4. ^ Robert A. Heinlein by William H. Patterson, Jr., volume 1, chapter 24
  5. ^ a b c CIC, CIC [Combat Information Center] Yesterday and Today,DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER, 805 KIDDER BREESE SE, WASHINGTON NAVY YARD, WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060
  6. ^ http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-s/dd963l.htm
  7. ^ Aboard Uss Carl Vinson26 Stock Photo Image

External links[edit]

US Navy Surface Warfare Officer School - Division Officer Training

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