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Glenn Beck interviews Communist Party USA Chairman Sam Webb
Glenn Beck interviews Communist Party USA Chairman Sam Webb
Published: 2011/10/18
Channel: UFPnews
Socialist Party of America - Split of the Left Wing
Socialist Party of America - Split of the Left Wing
Published: 2011/12/27
Channel: socialisteducation
USA: Violent clashes at Sacramento far-right rally see 5 people stabbed
USA: Violent clashes at Sacramento far-right rally see 5 people stabbed
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Ruptly TV
Mimi Soltysik Socialist Party USA 2016 presidential candidate on Socialism
Mimi Soltysik Socialist Party USA 2016 presidential candidate on Socialism
Published: 2016/04/24
Channel: DaMetalBeast
Communist Party USA (Soviet Anthem In English)
Communist Party USA (Soviet Anthem In English)
Published: 2010/05/02
Channel: CommunismUSA
Communist Groups Behind the Ferguson Demonstrations
Communist Groups Behind the Ferguson Demonstrations
Published: 2015/01/05
Channel: TheJohnBirchSociety
Leftists Gone Wild, Sacramento
Leftists Gone Wild, Sacramento
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: USNationalistNews
Join the Socialist Party USA
Join the Socialist Party USA
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: nj 06
JOIN THE ANARCHO-COMMUNIST PART TIME WORKERS PARTY
JOIN THE ANARCHO-COMMUNIST PART TIME WORKERS PARTY
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: Factual Undisputed News
Russian Communist Workers Party Rally
Russian Communist Workers Party Rally
Published: 2009/12/28
Channel: Putinologist
Progressive Communist destruction of America from within the Democrat Party.
Progressive Communist destruction of America from within the Democrat Party.
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Larry Kendrick
Communist: "U.S. Democracy Is A Sham"
Communist: "U.S. Democracy Is A Sham"
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: Caleb Maupin
James P. Cannon Speaks! "The New Left"
James P. Cannon Speaks! "The New Left"
Published: 2015/05/17
Channel: Matthew Siegfried
U.S. Communist Schools British Right-Winger
U.S. Communist Schools British Right-Winger
Published: 2012/05/23
Channel: Caleb Maupin
James P. Cannon Speaks! "The Trend of the 20th Century"
James P. Cannon Speaks! "The Trend of the 20th Century"
Published: 2015/05/17
Channel: Matthew Siegfried
What Is National Socialism?
What Is National Socialism?
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: Traditionalist Worker Party
James P. Cannon Speaks! "The Triple Revolution"
James P. Cannon Speaks! "The Triple Revolution"
Published: 2015/05/16
Channel: Matthew Siegfried
Roger Calero, Socialist Workers Party, Speaks at UNT
Roger Calero, Socialist Workers Party, Speaks at UNT
Published: 2008/04/25
Channel: ZombieSlayerZ
The USA Communist Party Leaders
The USA Communist Party Leaders
Published: 2009/06/11
Channel: Ross Cassell
The CIA: Communist v. Former U.S. Diplomat
The CIA: Communist v. Former U.S. Diplomat
Published: 2013/03/11
Channel: Caleb Maupin
Communists, Antifa & The Federal Reserve
Communists, Antifa & The Federal Reserve
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Matthew
James P. Cannon Speaks! The Khrushchev Revelations
James P. Cannon Speaks! The Khrushchev Revelations
Published: 2015/05/24
Channel: Matthew Siegfried
Roger Calero, Socialist Workers Party, Speaks at UNT 4
Roger Calero, Socialist Workers Party, Speaks at UNT 4
Published: 2008/04/25
Channel: ZombieSlayerZ
Greensboro Massacre
Greensboro Massacre
Published: 2013/08/09
Channel: Greensboro, NC
Communists Taking Over Anti-Trump Movement
Communists Taking Over Anti-Trump Movement
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: Resistance News
EL SALVADOR: CENTRAL AMERICAN COMMUNIST PARTIES MEETING
EL SALVADOR: CENTRAL AMERICAN COMMUNIST PARTIES MEETING
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
US Communist Takeover: "In Our Hands: How to Lose What We Have" 1950 American Economic Foundation
US Communist Takeover: "In Our Hands: How to Lose What We Have" 1950 American Economic Foundation
Published: 2014/01/19
Channel: Jeff Quitney
THE TRUE HISTORY OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY THE KKK AND COMMUNISM IN THE USA
THE TRUE HISTORY OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY THE KKK AND COMMUNISM IN THE USA
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: MAD AS HELL NEWS
Roger Calero, Socialist Workers Party, Speaks at UNT 2
Roger Calero, Socialist Workers Party, Speaks at UNT 2
Published: 2008/04/25
Channel: ZombieSlayerZ
The Daily Traditionalist: Matt Johnson on Alexander Dugin
The Daily Traditionalist: Matt Johnson on Alexander Dugin
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: Traditionalist Worker Party
AFP Covers Traditionalist Worker Party Conference
AFP Covers Traditionalist Worker Party Conference
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: American Free Press
James P. Cannon Speaks! "The Two Americas"
James P. Cannon Speaks! "The Two Americas"
Published: 2015/05/16
Channel: Matthew Siegfried
[Wikipedia] Marxist Workers Party
[Wikipedia] Marxist Workers Party
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: WikiTubia
What Is Communism?
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Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: NowThis
James P. Cannon Speaks! Problems & Perspectives of the American Revolution
James P. Cannon Speaks! Problems & Perspectives of the American Revolution
Published: 2015/05/26
Channel: Matthew Siegfried
Challenge: Democracy 3 - Make the USA Communist
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Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: SmokeyBaconIAR
U S  Losing Global Hegemony
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Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: wwpvideo
SYND 26/11/1970 THE 10TH HUNGARIAN COMMUNIST PARTY CONGRESS IN SESSION
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Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Communist Party USA in its ninth National Convention. State Placards. Flags with ...HD Stock Footage
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Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: CriticalPast
Hearts of Iron IV Multiplayer - Communist USA - #1 - The Beginning of the Workers
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Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: MrMochalover
Revolutionary Communist Party U.S.A.
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Published: 2015/11/15
Channel: Ryan Tackett
Hearts of Iron IV Multiplayer - Communist USA - #5 - Enjoying the Great Depression
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Published: 2017/07/15
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Joseph Hansen: Is the Cuban leadership Trotskyist? (1967)
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Published: 2012/11/11
Channel: Johan Nilsson
Hearts of Iron IV Multiplayer - Communist USA - #29 - War with the Allies!
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Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: MrMochalover
Why Are Republicans Supporting Communist China Over American Workers?
Why Are Republicans Supporting Communist China Over American Workers?
Published: 2010/10/02
Channel: Mark Levine
Small Communist rally outside US embassy
Small Communist rally outside US embassy
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Communist Party USA - Our World in Depth - Part 2
Communist Party USA - Our World in Depth - Part 2
Published: 2009/09/27
Channel: GHDF19
What will be the role of communist parties in Punjab Assembly Election 2017?
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Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: GlobalPunjabTV
Hearts of Iron IV Multiplayer - Communist USA - #23 - WWII Is Over!
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Published: 2017/08/02
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Published: 2009/08/30
Channel: thavmatic
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Communist Workers' Party
Leader Jerry Tung
Founded 1973 (1973)
Dissolved 1985; 32 years ago (1985)
Succeeded by New Democratic Movement
Youth wing Revolutionary Youth League
Ideology Maoism
Leninism
Anti-racism
Political position Far-left

The Communist Workers' Party (CWP) was a Maoist group in the United States. It had its origin in 1973 as the Asian Study Group (renamed the Workers' Viewpoint Organization in 1976) established by Jerry Tung, a former member of the Progressive Labor Party (PLP)[1] who had grown disenchanted with the group and disagreed with changes taking place in the party line. The party is mainly remembered as the victim of the Greensboro Massacre of 1979.

The CWP followed the policies of Mao Zedong and Joseph Stalin.[2] The CWP also incorporated aspects of the CPUSA's anti-racist pre-Popular Front program. In particular the CWP emphasized unionization and self-determination for African Americans.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The CWP enjoyed some success in textile cities of North Carolina. The new party established branches in New York, Boston, Los Angeles, San Francisco Bay Area, Philadelphia, Chicago, Detroit, Greensboro, West Virginia, Colorado and other locations. Before forming itself into a party in October 1979 (the founding congress was held in the backroom of a discothèque in New York City), the group was known as the Workers Viewpoint Organization. Under its umbrella, it directed groups as the Revolutionary Youth League, the African Liberation Support Committee, and the Trade Union Education League.

1979 Greensboro Massacre[edit]

Confrontations with the Ku Klux Klan ("Klan", or "KKK") were particularly acute in Greensboro, North Carolina, where the Klan attempted to disrupt the work of the CWP and vice versa. In July 1979, the Klan held a rally and viewing of The Birth of a Nation in China Grove, near Charlotte, which was disrupted by CWP members who burned a Confederate flag and taunted members of the KKK. There were also challenges in the press. "The KKK is one of the most treacherous scum elements produced by the dying system of capitalism. "We challenge you," CWP leader Paul Bermanzohn taunted the Klan, "to attend our rally in Greensboro." These apparent provocations provided the KKK a pretext for a coming violent showdown.

On November 3, 1979 members of the KKK, including a police informant, and the American Nazi Party attacked a "Death to the Klan!" rally organized by the CWP.[3] Rev. Nelson Johnson among others helped organize the protest in order to unite local blacks against the KKK. Members of the Klan were armed, as were some members of the CWP. Two members of the CWP and three rally participants were killed by the KKK.[3] These murders became known as the "Greensboro Massacre".[3] In response to the acquittal of the accused killers, the CWP attempted to storm the 1980 Democratic National Convention and succeeded in setting off firecrackers in Madison Square Garden.[4]

Ideology[edit]

From its earliest phase as the Workers' Viewpoint Organization, the CWP had considered itself as Maoist and supported the so-called Gang of Four after Mao's death. Following the line of Mao, it considered the Soviet Union and its bloc as restored capitalist countries. For some time after the arrest of the Gang of Four, the group remained silent about the events in China but later accused China also of having taken the capitalist road.

In 1980, there was a dramatic reversal of this line. In his book The Socialist Road, CWP Chairman Jerry Tung announced that both the Soviet Union and China were socialist, although an unhealthy bureaucracy had taken shape in the governments of both countries.

Demise[edit]

Subsequent to the Greensboro massacre, the group gave up its Leninist structure and moved towards a social democratic formation that would work for peaceful transition to socialism; it dissolved the Communist Workers Party and formed the New Democratic Movement in 1985. The New Democratic Movement lasted only a few years. The most important remnant of the CWP/NDM can be found in the Greensboro Justice Fund which continues to this day and promotes groups struggling for social justice.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Kwong, Peter and Dušanka Miščević. Chinese America: The Untold Story of America's Oldest New Community. New York: New Press. 2005. ISBN 1-56584-962-0. pp. 293-296.
  2. ^ ?
  3. ^ a b c "Remembering the 1979 Greensboro Massacre: 25 Years Later Survivors Form Country’s First Truth and Reconciliation Commission". Democracy Now. November 18, 2004. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  4. ^ Klehr, Harvey. "Maoists Move in on Manhattan Dems." Our Town, 2 August 1987.

Publications[edit]

  • Preliminary Draft on the Asian national question in America: Part 1, The Chinese National Question. n.c.: Asian Study Group, 1973.
  • Build Marxist-Leninist Leadership of the Women's Movement: Women and Men Unite Against Sexism, Racism, and Imperialism. New York : Workers Viewpoint Organization, 1975.
  • Eternal Glory to Chairman Mao, Greatest Marxist of the Contemporary Era New York: Workers Viewpoint Organization, 1976.
  • The African Peoples' Struggle Will Surely Triumph!: Build the Communist Leadership of the African Liberation Support Committee!. New York: Workers Viewpoint Organization, 1977.
  • Fight for the Real Emancipation of Women!: Smash the Double Yoke of Capitalism and Domestic Slavery = Luchen por la Verdadera Liberación de Mujeres!: Aplaste el Doble Yugo del Capitalismo y Esclavitud Domestica. New York: Workers Viewpoint Organization, 1977.
  • Communists Should Be the Advanced Elements of the Proletariat. New York: Workers Viewpoint Organization, 1978.
  • Whip Weber now! New York: Workers Viewpoint Organization, 1979.
  • Turn the Country Upside Down to Beat Back the Renewed Wave of Attacks from the Capitalists' tools: KKK, Nazis, Pigs, and FBI. New York: Committee to Avenge the Murder of the Communist Workers Party (WV) 5, 1980.
  • The Current Revolutionary Situation: Our Tasks. Phil Thompson New York: Communist Workers Party, 1980s.
  • Jerry Tung, The Socialist Road: Character of Revolution in the U.S. and Problems of Socialism in the Soviet Union and China. New York: Cesar Cauce Publishers, 1981.
  • The Afro-American National Question. New York: The Party, 1981.
  • Scott Van Valkenburg, Central America: Communist Threat? New York: Communist Workers Party, 1984.

Further reading[edit]

  • Signe Waller, Love And Revolution: A Political Memoir: People’s History Of The Greensboro Massacre, Its Setting And Aftermath. London: Rowman & Littlefield. 2002.

Archives[edit]

External links[edit]

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