SPONSORED VIDEO
Play Video
1
COMMUNIST PARTY!!! - [FULL]
COMMUNIST PARTY!!! - [FULL]
::2013/12/28::
Play Video
2
Explained: China
Explained: China's Communist Party
::2012/11/13::
Play Video
3
The Communist Party smacks down Allen West
The Communist Party smacks down Allen West
::2012/04/17::
Play Video
4
Communist Party USA, "History
Communist Party USA, "History's Challenge," Part 1 of 3.
::2009/08/29::
Play Video
5
Russia: Communist Party hold
Russia: Communist Party hold 'Red Spring' march in Moscow
::2015/03/01::
Play Video
6
Today
Today's communist party in Russia
::2012/06/20::
Play Video
7
The Future of China and the Chinese Communist Party | China Uncensored
The Future of China and the Chinese Communist Party | China Uncensored
::2013/08/30::
Play Video
8
Michael Jackson - Beat It (Chinese Communist Party Version)
Michael Jackson - Beat It (Chinese Communist Party Version)
::2010/07/09::
Play Video
9
The Communist Party of China is with you along the way
The Communist Party of China is with you along the way
::2015/02/08::
Play Video
10
#BrooklynProtest organizers confront Revolutionary Communist Party in #EastFlatbush 3-24
#BrooklynProtest organizers confront Revolutionary Communist Party in #EastFlatbush 3-24
::2013/03/26::
Play Video
11
The Red Catastrophe - The True Face of the Vietnamese Communist Party
The Red Catastrophe - The True Face of the Vietnamese Communist Party
::2015/03/01::
Play Video
12
Communist Party U.S.A. in Solidarity with Occupy Chicago
Communist Party U.S.A. in Solidarity with Occupy Chicago
::2011/10/16::
Play Video
13
Ontario Election 2014: The Communist Party
Ontario Election 2014: The Communist Party
::2014/06/10::
Play Video
14
COMMUNIST PARTY OF BRITAIN: Robert Griffiths
COMMUNIST PARTY OF BRITAIN: Robert Griffiths
::2010/05/03::
Play Video
15
Kolhapur: communist party protest for dr pansare
Kolhapur: communist party protest for dr pansare
::2015/03/02::
Play Video
16
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China by Brother Hao
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China by Brother Hao
::2012/01/11::
Play Video
17
Glenn Beck interviews Communist Party USA Chairman Sam Webb
Glenn Beck interviews Communist Party USA Chairman Sam Webb
::2011/10/18::
Play Video
18
Communist Party USA (Soviet Anthem In English)
Communist Party USA (Soviet Anthem In English)
::2010/05/02::
Play Video
19
Robert Griffiths at 52nd Communist Party Congress
Robert Griffiths at 52nd Communist Party Congress
::2012/11/26::
Play Video
20
"Communists - forward!" (2011) Russian music (Eng sub)
"Communists - forward!" (2011) Russian music (Eng sub)
::2012/02/10::
Play Video
21
Over 100,000 at French Communist Party Rally
Over 100,000 at French Communist Party Rally
::2012/03/21::
Play Video
22
Anime Communist Party
Anime Communist Party
::2013/12/07::
Play Video
23
History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks) - Chapter 1
History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks) - Chapter 1
::2014/02/03::
Play Video
24
Shake it Off - Communist Party of the Soviet Union Edition
Shake it Off - Communist Party of the Soviet Union Edition
::2014/11/11::
Play Video
25
The Communist Manifesto - FULL Audio Book - by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
The Communist Manifesto - FULL Audio Book - by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
::2012/11/02::
Play Video
26
[North Korea] Hail N.Korean Communist Party (English Subtitle)
[North Korea] Hail N.Korean Communist Party (English Subtitle)
::2010/11/30::
Play Video
27
Ukrainian Neo-Nazis destroy Communist Party offices / Ουκρανοί φασίστες "Μαύρα Κοράκια"
Ukrainian Neo-Nazis destroy Communist Party offices / Ουκρανοί φασίστες "Μαύρα Κοράκια"
::2014/02/23::
Play Video
28
The East is Red Musical Song "Without the Communist Party There would be no New China"
The East is Red Musical Song "Without the Communist Party There would be no New China"
::2013/07/06::
Play Video
29
Assault on the Communist Party of Ukraine offices in Kyev
Assault on the Communist Party of Ukraine offices in Kyev
::2014/04/11::
Play Video
30
Communist Party History 3 Anti Fascism and War
Communist Party History 3 Anti Fascism and War
::2014/09/05::
Play Video
31
Lebanese communist party
Lebanese communist party
::2009/08/08::
Play Video
32
Message from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (Eng. Sub)
Message from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (Eng. Sub)
::2012/02/18::
Play Video
33
Communist Party of the Philippines celebrates 45th Anniversary
Communist Party of the Philippines celebrates 45th Anniversary
::2014/01/08::
Play Video
34
Sweden:Fight between the Communist party and nazis -1985
Sweden:Fight between the Communist party and nazis -1985
::2011/08/03::
Play Video
35
Manifesto of the Communist Party - Complete Audiobook
Manifesto of the Communist Party - Complete Audiobook
::2013/01/04::
Play Video
36
Vietnam
Vietnam's Communist Party Congress - no comment
::2011/01/13::
Play Video
37
No Communist Party, No New China.
No Communist Party, No New China.
::2014/01/10::
Play Video
38
Brezhnev 1976 communist party congress Брежнев
Brezhnev 1976 communist party congress Брежнев
::2009/10/15::
Play Video
39
The Buzludzha Communist Party Monument In Bulgaria 2014 HD 1080p HD
The Buzludzha Communist Party Monument In Bulgaria 2014 HD 1080p HD
::2014/03/16::
Play Video
40
Buzludzha Monument - communist conference center in Bulgaria
Buzludzha Monument - communist conference center in Bulgaria
::2013/04/01::
Play Video
41
Without the Communist Party, There would No New China
Without the Communist Party, There would No New China
::2014/07/18::
Play Video
42
vietnam communist party is glorious
vietnam communist party is glorious
::2013/03/17::
Play Video
43
The Syrian Communist Party (Unified) about the Syria crisis
The Syrian Communist Party (Unified) about the Syria crisis
::2013/03/29::
Play Video
44
The Chinese Communist Party, the U.S., and the Year of Selection and Elections
The Chinese Communist Party, the U.S., and the Year of Selection and Elections
::2012/04/16::
Play Video
45
Communist Party History 7 Ninety years in struggle for the workers and humanity
Communist Party History 7 Ninety years in struggle for the workers and humanity
::2014/09/06::
Play Video
46
5th Congress Of The Bulgarian Communist Party (1949)
5th Congress Of The Bulgarian Communist Party (1949)
::2014/04/13::
Play Video
47
Romanian Communist Party conference-1967
Romanian Communist Party conference-1967
::2010/04/15::
Play Video
48
Explaining China
Explaining China's Communist Party
::2012/11/07::
Play Video
49
Communist Party of the Philippines-- Master of Deception
Communist Party of the Philippines-- Master of Deception
::2009/08/05::
Play Video
50
Parade of the Communist party
Parade of the Communist party
::2012/11/08::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [ .. ]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the factors all Communist parties have in common. For a list of Communist parties of the past and present, see List of communist parties and Communist Party (disambiguation).

A communist party is a political party that advocates the application of the social and economic principles of communism through state policy. The name originates from the 1848 tract Manifesto of the Communist Party by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.[1] According to Leninist theory, a Communist party is the vanguard party of the working class (Proletariat), whether ruling or non-ruling, but when such a party is in power in a specific country, the party is said to be the highest authority of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Vladimir Lenin's theories on the role of a Communist party were developed as the early 20th-century Russian social democracy divided into Bolshevik (meaning "of the majority") and Menshevik (meaning "of the minority") factions. Lenin, leader of the Bolsheviks, argued that a revolutionary party should be a small vanguard party with a centralized political command and a strict cadre policy; the Menshevik faction, however, argued that the party should be a broad-based mass movement. The Bolshevik party, which eventually became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, took power in Russia after the October Revolution in 1917. With the creation of the Communist International, the Leninist concept of party building was copied by emerging Communist parties worldwide.

The Chinese Communist Party is the world's largest political party,[2] claiming nearly 78 million members[3] at the end of 2009 which constitutes about 5.6% of the total population of mainland China.

Communist parties are illegal in Estonia, Indonesia, Iran, Latvia, Lithuania, the Philippines, Romania, and South Korea.[4][5]

Mass organizations[edit]

As the membership of a Communist party was to be limited to active cadres in Lenin's theory, there was a need for networks of separate organizations to mobilize mass support for the party. Typically, Communist parties have built up various front organizations whose membership is often open to non-Communists. In many countries the single most important front organization of the Communist parties has been its youth wing. During the time of the Communist International, the youth leagues were explicit Communist organizations, using the name 'Young Communist League'. Later the youth league concept was broadened in many countries, and names like 'Democratic Youth League' were adopted.

Some trade unions, student, women's, grifters, peasant's and cultural organizations have been connected to Communist parties. Traditionally, these mass organizations were often politically subordinated to the political leadership of the party. However, in many contemporary cases mass organizations founded by communists have acquired a certain degree of independence. In some cases mass organizations have outlived the Communist parties in question.

At the international level, the Communist International organized various international front organizations (linking national mass organizations with each other), such as the Young Communist International, Profintern, Krestintern, International Red Aid, Sportintern, etc.. These organizations were dissolved in the process of deconstruction of the Communist International. After the Second World War new international coordination bodies were created, such as the World Federation of Democratic Youth, International Union of Students, World Federation of Trade Unions, Women's International Democratic Federation and the World Peace Council.

Historically, in countries where Communist Parties were struggling to attain state power, the formation of wartime alliances with non-Communist parties and wartime groups was enacted (such as the National Liberation Front of Albania). Upon attaining state power these Fronts were often transformed into nominal (and usually electoral) "National" or "Fatherland" Fronts in which non-communist parties and organizations were given token representation (a practice known as Blockpartei), the most popular examples of these being the National Front of East Germany (as a historical example) and the United Front of the People's Republic of China (as a modern-day example). Other times the formation of such Fronts were undertaken without the participation of other parties, such as the Socialist Alliance of Working People of Yugoslavia and the National Front of Afghanistan, though the purpose was the same: to promote the Communist Party line to generally non-communist audiences and to mobilize them to carry out tasks within the country under the aegis of the Front.

Naming[edit]

A uniform naming scheme for Communist parties was adopted by the Communist International. All parties were required to use the name 'Communist Party of (name of country)'. Today, there are plenty of cases where the old sections of the Communist International have retained those names. In other cases names have been changed. Common causes for the shift in naming were either moves to avoid state repression[6] or as measures to indicate a broader political acceptance.

A typical example of the latter was the renaming of various East European Communist parties after the Second World War, as a result of mergers with the local Social Democratic parties.[7] New names in the post-war era included "Socialist Party", "Socialist Unity Party", "Popular Party", "Workers' Party" and "Party of Labour".

The naming conventions of Communist parties became more diverse as the international Communist movement was fragmented due to the Sino-Soviet split in the 1960s. Those who sided with China and Albania in their criticism of the Soviet leadership, often added words like 'Revolutionary' or 'Marxist-Leninist' to distinguish themselves from the pro-Soviet parties.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Harper, Douglas. "communism". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  2. ^ "The Chinese Communist Party". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  3. ^ China's communist party members near 78 mln
  4. ^ Domeinnaam niet ingeschakeld
  5. ^ "Nieuws". PVDA. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  6. ^ One such example is the Swiss Party of Labour, which was founded in 1944 to substitute the illegalized Communist Party of Switzerland.
  7. ^ Such mergers occurred in East Germany (Socialist Unity Party of Germany), Hungary (Hungarian Working People's Party), Poland (Polish United Workers Party) and Romania (Romanian Workers Party).


Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
MASHPEDIA
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2015