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How Does China
How Does China's Government Work?
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: NowThis
COMMUNIST PARTY!!! - [FULL]
COMMUNIST PARTY!!! - [FULL]
Published: 2013/12/29
Channel: Club Vento
U.S.-Born Fighter Is New Face of Russia
U.S.-Born Fighter Is New Face of Russia's Communist Party
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Wall Street Journal
Glenn Beck interviews Communist Party USA Chairman Sam Webb
Glenn Beck interviews Communist Party USA Chairman Sam Webb
Published: 2011/10/18
Channel: UFPnews
Chinese rich kids upset Chinese Communist Party; Rich Kids of Instagram - Compilation
Chinese rich kids upset Chinese Communist Party; Rich Kids of Instagram - Compilation
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: TomoNews US
Explained: China
Explained: China's Communist Party
Published: 2012/11/14
Channel: ABC News (Australia)
Interview with Sitaram Yechury of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Interview with Sitaram Yechury of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: The Wire
These Are The Last Five Communist Countries
These Are The Last Five Communist Countries
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: NowThis
Communist party fractionalisation in the last 20 years of Kerala | 20 years of Asianet News | Part 3
Communist party fractionalisation in the last 20 years of Kerala | 20 years of Asianet News | Part 3
Published: 2015/06/21
Channel: asianetnews
Communist Party USA (Soviet Anthem In English)
Communist Party USA (Soviet Anthem In English)
Published: 2010/05/02
Channel: CommunismUSA
Best of - Russian Hard Bass House - Mix 2016 - XS Project
Best of - Russian Hard Bass House - Mix 2016 - XS Project
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: Wipped Music
"Who am I?" Chinese Communist Party
"Who am I?" Chinese Communist Party's First Public Service TV Ad [Subtitled]
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: What's on Weibo
Russian Communist Party Song - "Коммунисты, вперед!"
Russian Communist Party Song - "Коммунисты, вперед!"
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: DeroVolk
വീണ്ടും തിരഞ്ഞെടുപ്പിലേയ്ക്ക് | Indian Communist Party Split | Election Special Programme Episode 4
വീണ്ടും തിരഞ്ഞെടുപ്പിലേയ്ക്ക് | Indian Communist Party Split | Election Special Programme Episode 4
Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: asianetnews
Communist Party of the Philippines 48th Anniversary
Communist Party of the Philippines 48th Anniversary
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: Tudla Productions
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China by Brother Hao
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China by Brother Hao
Published: 2012/01/11
Channel: Pasta Bazooka
Russia: Communist Party marks Lenin
Russia: Communist Party marks Lenin's 145th birthday in Moscow
Published: 2015/04/22
Channel: Ruptly TV
My Life, My China - I am a Communist Party member 被打上标签的人
My Life, My China - I am a Communist Party member 被打上标签的人
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: New China TV
What Is Communism?
What Is Communism?
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: NowThis
Today
Today's communist party in Russia
Published: 2012/06/21
Channel: S0VIETSupreme
No Communist Party, No New China ᴴᴰ "沒有共產黨就沒有新中國"
No Communist Party, No New China ᴴᴰ "沒有共產黨就沒有新中國"
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: Anthems Therapy
Why China
Why China's Communist Party Is America's Best Friend
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: MoFreedomFoundation
Communist Party of India (Maoist)
Communist Party of India (Maoist)
Published: 2015/10/12
Channel: Audiopedia
The Future of China and the Chinese Communist Party | China Uncensored
The Future of China and the Chinese Communist Party | China Uncensored
Published: 2013/08/31
Channel: China Uncensored
The Communist Manifesto - FULL Audio Book - by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
The Communist Manifesto - FULL Audio Book - by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
Published: 2012/11/02
Channel: Greatest AudioBooks
Michael Jackson - Beat It (Chinese Communist Party Version)
Michael Jackson - Beat It (Chinese Communist Party Version)
Published: 2010/07/09
Channel: aerialpc
Nightcore - No Communist Party, No New China 沒有共產黨就沒有新中國
Nightcore - No Communist Party, No New China 沒有共產黨就沒有新中國
Published: 2016/09/28
Channel: Orenus Sinistra
Russia: Putin meets Communist party leader Zyuganov for talks in Moscow
Russia: Putin meets Communist party leader Zyuganov for talks in Moscow
Published: 2015/12/29
Channel: Ruptly TV
MLA Sunnam Rajaiah Vs CM KCR Over Communist Party Theory | TS Assembly Sessions | V6 News
MLA Sunnam Rajaiah Vs CM KCR Over Communist Party Theory | TS Assembly Sessions | V6 News
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: V6 News Telugu
Russia: Communist Party supporters march through Moscow on May Day
Russia: Communist Party supporters march through Moscow on May Day
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Ruptly TV
The Communist Party smacks down Allen West
The Communist Party smacks down Allen West
Published: 2012/04/17
Channel: The Big Picture RT
PRC Song - "Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China!" (Brother Hao)
PRC Song - "Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China!" (Brother Hao)
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: AquaWolf9461
ЗОЛОТО ПАРТИИ (остросюжетный)
ЗОЛОТО ПАРТИИ (остросюжетный)
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: Kinoseans
Palestinian Communist Party Dabke
Palestinian Communist Party Dabke
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: anti-imperialism
Nine Commentaries Pt 6: How the Chinese Communist Party Destroyed Traditional Culture
Nine Commentaries Pt 6: How the Chinese Communist Party Destroyed Traditional Culture
Published: 2011/08/05
Channel: NTDTV
SA Communist Party
SA Communist Party's 14th Congress gets underway
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: SABC Digital News
Four things you might not know about the Communist Party of China
Four things you might not know about the Communist Party of China
Published: 2016/06/30
Channel: New China TV
New party Nepal communist party moist party report by deepak acharya
New party Nepal communist party moist party report by deepak acharya
Published: 2014/12/01
Channel: ABC NEWS NEPAL
China Communist Party Propoganda Animation
China Communist Party Propoganda Animation
Published: 2012/01/13
Channel: AntiCommunistChina
Ontario Election 2014: The Communist Party
Ontario Election 2014: The Communist Party
Published: 2014/06/10
Channel: The Agenda with Steve Paikin
South African Communist Party
South African Communist Party's 14th Congress readiness
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: SABC Digital News
Italian Communist Party Anthem - "Bandiera rossa"
Italian Communist Party Anthem - "Bandiera rossa"
Published: 2016/02/16
Channel: DeroVolk
Zimbabwean Communist Party SG comments out side Court at Grace Mugabe
Zimbabwean Communist Party SG comments out side Court at Grace Mugabe's court appearance
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: Daily Sun SA
Rise of the Communist Party of China| National Liberation Movements | Social Science | Class 10
Rise of the Communist Party of China| National Liberation Movements | Social Science | Class 10
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: Pebbles AP & TS Board Syllabus
Parti Komunist Malaya Communist Party of Malaya CPM in victory parade
Parti Komunist Malaya Communist Party of Malaya CPM in victory parade
Published: 2008/11/29
Channel: tourmalaysia
Nzimande says the communist party feels betrayed by the ANC
Nzimande says the communist party feels betrayed by the ANC
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: SABC Digital News
Chinese Company with Communist Party ties eyes Grouse Mountain
Chinese Company with Communist Party ties eyes Grouse Mountain
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Rebel Canada
Urbex: The Buzludzha Monument aka The House of the Bulgarian Communist Party
Urbex: The Buzludzha Monument aka The House of the Bulgarian Communist Party
Published: 2015/11/28
Channel: Project Mayhem
Applying to join the Chinese Communist Party - music video (w/ English subtitles)
Applying to join the Chinese Communist Party - music video (w/ English subtitles)
Published: 2012/03/30
Channel: Sinostand
The Chinese Communist Party
The Chinese Communist Party's Strategy for Survival
Published: 2016/05/19
Channel: Lieberthal-Rogel Center for Chinese Studies (LRCCS)
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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A communist party is a political party that advocates the application of the social and economic principles of communism through state policy. The name originates from the 1848 tract Manifesto of the Communist Party by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.[1] According to leninism, a Communist party is the vanguard party of the working class (proletariat), whether ruling or non-ruling, but when such a party is in power in a specific country, the party is said to be the highest authority of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Vladimir Lenin's theories on the role of a Communist party were developed as the early 20th-century Russian social democracy divided into Bolshevik (meaning "of the majority") and Menshevik (meaning "of the minority") factions. Lenin, leader of the Bolsheviks, argued that a revolutionary party should be a small vanguard party with a centralized political command and a strict cadre policy; the Menshevik faction, however, argued that the party should be a broad-based mass movement. The Bolshevik party, which eventually became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, took power in Russia after the October Revolution in 1917. With the creation of the Communist International, the Leninist concept of party building was copied by emerging Communist parties worldwide.

The Chinese Communist Party is the world's largest political party,[2] holding nearly 78 million members[3] at the end of 2009 which constitutes about 5.6% of the total population of mainland China.

Communist parties are illegal in Estonia, Indonesia, Iran, Latvia, Lithuania, Myanmar, Poland, Romania, South Korea,[4][5] Ukraine,[6] Georgia and Hungary.

Mass organizations[edit]

As the membership of a Communist party was to be limited to active cadres in Lenin's theory, there was a need for networks of separate organizations to mobilize mass support for the party. Typically, Communist parties have built up various front organizations whose membership is often open to non-Communists. In many countries the single most important front organization of the Communist parties has been its youth wing. During the time of the Communist International, the youth leagues were explicit Communist organizations, using the name 'Young Communist League'. Later the youth league concept was broadened in many countries, and names like 'Democratic Youth League' were adopted.

Some trade unions, student, women's, grifters, peasant's and cultural organizations have been connected to Communist parties. Traditionally, these mass organizations were often politically subordinated to the political leadership of the party. However, in many contemporary cases mass organizations founded by communists have acquired a certain degree of independence. In some cases mass organizations have outlived the Communist parties in question.

At the international level, the Communist International organized various international front organizations (linking national mass organizations with each other), such as the Young Communist International, Profintern, Krestintern, International Red Aid, Sportintern, etc.. These organizations were dissolved in the process of deconstruction of the Communist International. After the Second World War new international coordination bodies were created, such as the World Federation of Democratic Youth, International Union of Students, World Federation of Trade Unions, Women's International Democratic Federation and the World Peace Council.

Historically, in countries where Communist Parties were struggling to attain state power, the formation of wartime alliances with non-Communist parties and wartime groups was enacted (such as the National Liberation Front of Albania). Upon attaining state power these Fronts were often transformed into nominal (and usually electoral) "National" or "Fatherland" Fronts in which non-communist parties and organizations were given token representation (a practice known as Blockpartei), the most popular examples of these being the National Front of East Germany (as a historical example) and the United Front of the People's Republic of China (as a modern-day example). Other times the formation of such Fronts were undertaken without the participation of other parties, such as the Socialist Alliance of Working People of Yugoslavia and the National Front of Afghanistan, though the purpose was the same: to promote the Communist Party line to generally non-communist audiences and to mobilize them to carry out tasks within the country under the aegis of the Front.

Naming[edit]

A uniform naming scheme for Communist parties was adopted by the Communist International. All parties were required to use the name 'Communist Party of (name of country)', resulting in separate communist parties in some countries operating using (largely) homonymous party names (e.g. in India). Today, there are plenty of cases where the old sections of the Communist International have retained those names. In other cases names have been changed. Common causes for the shift in naming were either moves to avoid state repression[7] or as measures to indicate a broader political acceptance.

A typical example of the latter was the renaming of various East European Communist parties after the Second World War, as a result of mergers with the local Social Democratic parties.[8] New names in the post-war era included "Socialist Party", "Socialist Unity Party", "People's or Popular Party", "Workers' Party" and "Party of Labour".

The naming conventions of Communist parties became more diverse as the international Communist movement was fragmented due to the Sino-Soviet split in the 1960s. Those who sided with China and Albania in their criticism of the Soviet leadership, often added words like 'Revolutionary' or 'Marxist-Leninist' to distinguish themselves from the pro-Soviet parties.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

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