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Communist Party by SkyTurtle
Communist Party by SkyTurtle
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: Terron
Delegates clap and sing as Xi Jinping opens Communist party congress
Delegates clap and sing as Xi Jinping opens Communist party congress
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: Guardian News
How Does China
How Does China's Government Work?
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: NowThis World
Best of - Russian Hard Bass House - Mix 2016 - XS Project
Best of - Russian Hard Bass House - Mix 2016 - XS Project
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: Wipped Music
Russia: Cuban Communist Party member marks 100th anniv. of Russian Revolution
Russia: Cuban Communist Party member marks 100th anniv. of Russian Revolution
Published: 2017/11/05
Channel: Ruptly TV
LIVE: Opening Ceremony of 19th CPC National Congress 中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会开幕会
LIVE: Opening Ceremony of 19th CPC National Congress 中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会开幕会
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: New China TV
Glenn Beck interviews Communist Party USA Chairman Sam Webb
Glenn Beck interviews Communist Party USA Chairman Sam Webb
Published: 2011/10/18
Channel: UFPnews
These Are The Last Five Communist Countries
These Are The Last Five Communist Countries
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: NowThis World
Communist Party USA (Soviet Anthem In English)
Communist Party USA (Soviet Anthem In English)
Published: 2010/05/02
Channel: CommunismUSA
China congress: The Communist slogans praising Xi Jinping - BBC News
China congress: The Communist slogans praising Xi Jinping - BBC News
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: BBC News
COMMUNIST PARTY!!! - [FULL]
COMMUNIST PARTY!!! - [FULL]
Published: 2013/12/29
Channel: Club Vento
Explained: China
Explained: China's Communist Party
Published: 2012/11/14
Channel: ABC News (Australia)
Hearts of Iron IV - Communist Party...with Briarstone! - Part 1
Hearts of Iron IV - Communist Party...with Briarstone! - Part 1
Published: 2017/10/15
Channel: quill18
"Who am I?" Chinese Communist Party
"Who am I?" Chinese Communist Party's First Public Service TV Ad [Subtitled]
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: What's on Weibo
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China by Brother Hao
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China by Brother Hao
Published: 2012/01/11
Channel: Pasta Bazooka
U.S.-Born Fighter Is New Face of Russia
U.S.-Born Fighter Is New Face of Russia's Communist Party
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Wall Street Journal
The Leninist theory of the Communist Party
The Leninist theory of the Communist Party
Published: 2017/10/31
Channel: TheFinnishBolshevik
Michael Jackson - Beat It (Chinese Communist Party Version)
Michael Jackson - Beat It (Chinese Communist Party Version)
Published: 2010/07/09
Channel: aerialpc
The Rise and Fall of the US Communist Party - Class Led by Caleb Maupin
The Rise and Fall of the US Communist Party - Class Led by Caleb Maupin
Published: 2015/10/16
Channel: Caleb Maupin
David Horowitz: The Democratic Party is Now a Communist Party
David Horowitz: The Democratic Party is Now a Communist Party
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: PhilosophyInsights
What Is Communism?
What Is Communism?
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: NowThis World
Ontario Election 2014: The Communist Party
Ontario Election 2014: The Communist Party
Published: 2014/06/10
Channel: The Agenda with Steve Paikin
My Life My China 4: I am a Communist Party member被打上标签的人
My Life My China 4: I am a Communist Party member被打上标签的人
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: 观视频工作室 Guan Video
Xi
Xi's five key remarks in Communist Party congress
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: The Star Online
Today
Today's communist party in Russia
Published: 2012/06/21
Channel: S0VIETSupreme
Russia: Putin meets Communist party leader Zyuganov for talks in Moscow
Russia: Putin meets Communist party leader Zyuganov for talks in Moscow
Published: 2015/12/29
Channel: Ruptly TV
Russia: Communist Party marks Lenin
Russia: Communist Party marks Lenin's 145th birthday in Moscow
Published: 2015/04/22
Channel: Ruptly TV
Russia: Russian Communist Party rallies in support of N. Korea
Russia: Russian Communist Party rallies in support of N. Korea
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: Ruptly TV
Iraq: Hundreds of Iraqi Communist Party supporters march on May Day in Baghdad
Iraq: Hundreds of Iraqi Communist Party supporters march on May Day in Baghdad
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Ruptly TV
The Future of China and the Chinese Communist Party | China Uncensored
The Future of China and the Chinese Communist Party | China Uncensored
Published: 2013/08/31
Channel: China Uncensored
Communist party fractionalisation in the last 20 years of Kerala | 20 years of Asianet News | Part 3
Communist party fractionalisation in the last 20 years of Kerala | 20 years of Asianet News | Part 3
Published: 2015/06/21
Channel: asianetnews
Why China
Why China's Communist Party Is The US's Best Friend
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: MoFreedomFoundation
Communist Party of China opens 19th National Congress
Communist Party of China opens 19th National Congress
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: New China TV
Russia: Communist Party holds massive march to commemorate October Revolution
Russia: Communist Party holds massive march to commemorate October Revolution
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Ruptly TV
China
China's Communist party enshrines Xi Jinping ideology in constitution
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: Guardian News
Xi Jinping: Why are we called Communist Party of China?
Xi Jinping: Why are we called Communist Party of China?
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: Russia Good
Hearts of Iron IV - Communist Party...with Briarstone! - Part 7
Hearts of Iron IV - Communist Party...with Briarstone! - Part 7
Published: 2017/10/21
Channel: quill18
19th Chinese Communist party Congress opens with reforms in the air
19th Chinese Communist party Congress opens with reforms in the air
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: euronews (in English)
Russian Communist Party Song - "Коммунисты, вперед!"
Russian Communist Party Song - "Коммунисты, вперед!"
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: DeroVolk
Chinese rich kids upset Chinese Communist Party; Rich Kids of Instagram - Compilation
Chinese rich kids upset Chinese Communist Party; Rich Kids of Instagram - Compilation
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: TomoNews US
The Communist Manifesto - FULL Audio Book - by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
The Communist Manifesto - FULL Audio Book - by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
Published: 2012/11/02
Channel: Greatest AudioBooks
Russia: Communist Party marks 100 years since revolution
Russia: Communist Party marks 100 years since revolution
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: AFP news agency
LIVE: Communist Party supporters march through Moscow on Russian Revolution centenary
LIVE: Communist Party supporters march through Moscow on Russian Revolution centenary
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Ruptly TV
No Communist Party, No New China ᴴᴰ "沒有共產黨就沒有新中國"
No Communist Party, No New China ᴴᴰ "沒有共產黨就沒有新中國"
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: Anthems Therapy
What is the Communist Party of China?
What is the Communist Party of China?
Published: 2017/09/30
Channel: CGTN
Communist Party of India (CPI)| Political Parties | History| CBSE Class 10 Social Sciences
Communist Party of India (CPI)| Political Parties | History| CBSE Class 10 Social Sciences
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Pebbles CBSE Board Syllabus
The Communist Party smacks down Allen West
The Communist Party smacks down Allen West
Published: 2012/04/17
Channel: The Big Picture RT
Making Sense of The Communist Party Congress
Making Sense of The Communist Party Congress
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: STRATFORvideo
China Communist Party Propoganda Animation
China Communist Party Propoganda Animation
Published: 2012/01/13
Channel: AntiCommunistChina
China Reality Check: Chinese Public Opinion and the Durability of Chinese Communist Party Rule
China Reality Check: Chinese Public Opinion and the Durability of Chinese Communist Party Rule
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Center for Strategic & International Studies
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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A communist party is a political party that advocates the application of the social and economic principles of communism through state policy. The name originates from the 1848 tract Manifesto of the Communist Party by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.[1] According to Leninism, a Communist party is the vanguard party of the working class (proletariat), whether ruling or non-ruling, but when such a party is in power in a specific country, the party is said to be the highest authority of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Vladimir Lenin's theories on the role of a Communist party were developed as the early 20th-century Russian social democracy divided into Bolshevik (meaning "of the majority") and Menshevik (meaning "of the minority") factions. Lenin, leader of the Bolsheviks, argued that a revolutionary party should be a small vanguard party with a centralized political command and a strict cadre policy; the Menshevik faction members like Trotsky, however, argued that the party should be a broad-based mass movement. The Bolshevik party, which eventually became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, took power in Russia after the October Revolution in 1917. With the creation of the Communist International, the Leninist concept of party building was copied by emerging Communist parties worldwide.

The Chinese Communist Party is the world's largest political party,[2] holding nearly 78 million members[3] at the end of 2009 which constitutes about 5.6% of the total population of mainland China.

Communist parties are illegal in Estonia, Indonesia, Iran, Latvia, Lithuania, Myanmar, Poland, Romania, South Korea,[4][5] Ukraine,[6] Georgia, and Hungary.

Mass organizations[edit]

As the membership of a Communist party was to be limited to active cadres in Lenin's theory, there was a need for networks of separate organizations to mobilize mass support for the party. Typically, Communist parties have built up various front organizations whose membership is often open to non-Communists. In many countries the single most important front organization of the Communist parties has been its youth wing. During the time of the Communist International, the youth leagues were explicit Communist organizations, using the name 'Young Communist League'. Later the youth league concept was broadened in many countries, and names like 'Democratic Youth League' were adopted.

Some trade unions, student, women's, grifters, peasant's and cultural organizations have been connected to Communist parties. Traditionally, these mass organizations were often politically subordinated to the political leadership of the party. However, in many contemporary cases mass organizations founded by communists have acquired a certain degree of independence. In some cases mass organizations have outlived the Communist parties in question.

At the international level, the Communist International organized various international front organizations (linking national mass organizations with each other), such as the Young Communist International, Profintern, Krestintern, International Red Aid, Sportintern, etc.. These organizations were dissolved in the process of deconstruction of the Communist International. After the Second World War new international coordination bodies were created, such as the World Federation of Democratic Youth, International Union of Students, World Federation of Trade Unions, Women's International Democratic Federation and the World Peace Council.

Historically, in countries where Communist Parties were struggling to attain state power, the formation of wartime alliances with non-Communist parties and wartime groups was enacted (such as the National Liberation Front of Albania). Upon attaining state power these Fronts were often transformed into nominal (and usually electoral) "National" or "Fatherland" Fronts in which non-communist parties and organizations were given token representation (a practice known as Blockpartei), the most popular examples of these being the National Front of East Germany (as a historical example) and the United Front of the People's Republic of China (as a modern-day example). Other times the formation of such Fronts were undertaken without the participation of other parties, such as the Socialist Alliance of Working People of Yugoslavia and the National Front of Afghanistan, though the purpose was the same: to promote the Communist Party line to generally non-communist audiences and to mobilize them to carry out tasks within the country under the aegis of the Front.

Naming[edit]

A uniform naming scheme for Communist parties was adopted by the Communist International. All parties were required to use the name 'Communist Party of (name of country)', resulting in separate communist parties in some countries operating using (largely) homonymous party names (e.g. in India). Today, there are plenty of cases where the old sections of the Communist International have retained those names. In other cases names have been changed. Common causes for the shift in naming were either moves to avoid state repression[7] or as measures to indicate a broader political acceptance.

A typical example of the latter was the renaming of various East European Communist parties after the Second World War, as a result of mergers with the local Social Democratic parties.[8] New names in the post-war era included "Socialist Party", "Socialist Unity Party", "People's or Popular Party", "Workers' Party" and "Party of Labour".

The naming conventions of Communist parties became more diverse as the international Communist movement was fragmented due to the Sino-Soviet split in the 1960s. Those who sided with China and Albania in their criticism of the Soviet leadership, often added words like 'Revolutionary' or 'Marxist-Leninist' to distinguish themselves from the pro-Soviet parties.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Harper, Douglas. "communism". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  2. ^ Bajoria, Jayshree (12 October 2007). "The Chinese Communist Party". Council on Foreign Relations. Archived from the original on 11 May 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "China's communist party members near 78 mln". news.xinhuanet.com. 
  4. ^ Domeinnaam niet ingeschakeld
  5. ^ "Nieuws". PVDA. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "Что запрещает закон "Об осуждении коммунистического и нацистского режимов"". delo.ua. 
  7. ^ One such example is the Swiss Party of Labour, which was founded in 1944 to substitute for the Communist Party of Switzerland which had been made illegal.
  8. ^ Such mergers occurred in East Germany (Socialist Unity Party of Germany), Hungary (Hungarian Working People's Party), Poland (Polish United Workers Party) and Romania (Romanian Workers Party).

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