1
Explained: China
Explained: China's Communist Party
DATE: 2012/11/13::
2
COMMUNIST PARTY!!! - [FULL]
COMMUNIST PARTY!!! - [FULL]
DATE: 2013/12/28::
3
Today
Today's communist party in Russia
DATE: 2012/06/20::
4
Michael Jackson - Beat It (Chinese Communist Party Version)
Michael Jackson - Beat It (Chinese Communist Party Version)
DATE: 2010/07/09::
5
Election 2015 smaller parties: Communist Party of Britain
Election 2015 smaller parties: Communist Party of Britain
DATE: 2015/04/02::
6
Greek people will suffer after Sunday
Greek people will suffer after Sunday's vote, says Communist Party
DATE: 2015/07/03::
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The Communist Party smacks down Allen West
The Communist Party smacks down Allen West
DATE: 2012/04/17::
8
The Future of China and the Chinese Communist Party | China Uncensored
The Future of China and the Chinese Communist Party | China Uncensored
DATE: 2013/08/30::
9
Communist Party USA, "History
Communist Party USA, "History's Challenge," Part 1 of 3.
DATE: 2009/08/29::
10
THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA IS WITH YOU ALONG THE WAY
THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA IS WITH YOU ALONG THE WAY
DATE: 2013/12/29::
11
Thousands of Greek Communist Party supporters rally in Athens
Thousands of Greek Communist Party supporters rally in Athens
DATE: 2015/07/02::
12
The Communist Manifesto - FULL Audio Book - by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
The Communist Manifesto - FULL Audio Book - by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
DATE: 2012/11/02::
13
Communist Party USA (Soviet Anthem In English)
Communist Party USA (Soviet Anthem In English)
DATE: 2010/05/02::
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COMMUNIST PARTY OF BRITAIN: Robert Griffiths
COMMUNIST PARTY OF BRITAIN: Robert Griffiths
DATE: 2010/05/03::
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Kazuo Shii: Executive Committee Chairperson, Japanese Communist Party
Kazuo Shii: Executive Committee Chairperson, Japanese Communist Party
DATE: 2015/06/23::
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① Nine Commentaries on the communist party, first Commentary
① Nine Commentaries on the communist party, first Commentary
DATE: 2011/08/05::
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Greek Communist Rally: Thousands of Greek Communist Party supporters stage anti-government rally
Greek Communist Rally: Thousands of Greek Communist Party supporters stage anti-government rally
DATE: 2015/07/03::
18
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China by Brother Hao
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China by Brother Hao
DATE: 2012/01/11::
19
Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party- Part 1a
Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party- Part 1a
DATE: 2006/10/02::
20
Join the Chinese Communist Party (中国共产党)
Join the Chinese Communist Party (中国共产党)
DATE: 2008/09/21::
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The East is Red Musical Song "Without the Communist Party There would be no New China"
The East is Red Musical Song "Without the Communist Party There would be no New China"
DATE: 2013/07/06::
22
No Communist Party, No New China.
No Communist Party, No New China.
DATE: 2014/01/10::
23
Communist Party of the Philippines celebrates 45th Anniversary
Communist Party of the Philippines celebrates 45th Anniversary
DATE: 2014/01/08::
24
China security law bolsters Communist Party control everywhere
China security law bolsters Communist Party control everywhere
DATE: 2015/07/01::
25
Ontario Election 2014: The Communist Party
Ontario Election 2014: The Communist Party
DATE: 2014/06/10::
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Shake it Off - Communist Party of the Soviet Union Edition
Shake it Off - Communist Party of the Soviet Union Edition
DATE: 2014/11/11::
27
Communist Party History 1 Foundation
Communist Party History 1 Foundation
DATE: 2014/09/05::
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Russia: Gorbachev and Communist Party leader attend Primakov
Russia: Gorbachev and Communist Party leader attend Primakov's wake
DATE: 2015/06/29::
29
What changes would the Communist Party of Britain suggest in the country is run?
What changes would the Communist Party of Britain suggest in the country is run?
DATE: 2015/02/10::
30
"Communists - forward!" (2011) Russian music (Eng sub)
"Communists - forward!" (2011) Russian music (Eng sub)
DATE: 2012/02/10::
31
Parti Komunist Malaya Communist Party of Malaya CPM in victory parade
Parti Komunist Malaya Communist Party of Malaya CPM in victory parade
DATE: 2008/11/29::
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5th Congress Of The Bulgarian Communist Party (1949)
5th Congress Of The Bulgarian Communist Party (1949)
DATE: 2014/04/13::
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Explaining China
Explaining China's Communist Party
DATE: 2012/11/07::
34
RMR: Communist Party of Canada
RMR: Communist Party of Canada
DATE: 2010/03/11::
35
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China (没有共产党就没有新中国)
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China (没有共产党就没有新中国)
DATE: 2015/04/04::
36
Communist party survives on Iraq
Communist party survives on Iraq's political margins
DATE: 2010/03/06::
37
Glenn Beck interviews Communist Party USA Chairman Sam Webb
Glenn Beck interviews Communist Party USA Chairman Sam Webb
DATE: 2011/10/18::
38
ya reyah el sha3b/lebanese communist party
ya reyah el sha3b/lebanese communist party
DATE: 2007/12/06::
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Nashid El Omameye/lebanese communist party
Nashid El Omameye/lebanese communist party
DATE: 2007/03/02::
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All About - Communist Party of India (Marxist) (Extended)
All About - Communist Party of India (Marxist) (Extended)
DATE: 2015/04/02::
41
Desh Deshantar - 22nd Congress of Communist Party of India (CPI): What does the future hold?
Desh Deshantar - 22nd Congress of Communist Party of India (CPI): What does the future hold?
DATE: 2015/03/31::
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Communist Party of Britain opening speeches to Guest George Galloway
Communist Party of Britain opening speeches to Guest George Galloway
DATE: 2015/04/01::
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Open Heart With RK - Narayana Raghavulu Communist Party Leaders -  Part-1
Open Heart With RK - Narayana Raghavulu Communist Party Leaders - Part-1
DATE: 2013/03/07::
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Russia: Communist Party celebrates International Worker
Russia: Communist Party celebrates International Worker's Day with Moscow rally
DATE: 2015/05/01::
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Message from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (Eng. Sub)
Message from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (Eng. Sub)
DATE: 2012/02/18::
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Luka Bogdanić: How to lose the class struggle: The Italian Communist Party
Luka Bogdanić: How to lose the class struggle: The Italian Communist Party's metamorphosis 18/10/13
DATE: 2013/11/16::
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Lebanese National Resistance Front (Lebanese Communist Party)
Lebanese National Resistance Front (Lebanese Communist Party)
DATE: 2013/09/09::
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Sweden:Fight between the Communist party and nazis -1985
Sweden:Fight between the Communist party and nazis -1985
DATE: 2011/08/03::
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TKP Marşı / Communist Party Of Turkey Anthem
TKP Marşı / Communist Party Of Turkey Anthem
DATE: 2014/08/20::
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What is the Communist Party Convention?
What is the Communist Party Convention?
DATE: 2014/02/14::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about the factors all Communist parties have in common. For a list of Communist parties of the past and present, see List of communist parties and Communist Party (disambiguation).

A communist party is a political party that advocates the application of the social and economic principles of communism through state policy. The name originates from the 1848 tract Manifesto of the Communist Party by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.[1] According to Leninist theory, a Communist party is the vanguard party of the working class (Proletariat), whether ruling or non-ruling, but when such a party is in power in a specific country, the party is said to be the highest authority of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Vladimir Lenin's theories on the role of a Communist party were developed as the early 20th-century Russian social democracy divided into Bolshevik (meaning "of the majority") and Menshevik (meaning "of the minority") factions. Lenin, leader of the Bolsheviks, argued that a revolutionary party should be a small vanguard party with a centralized political command and a strict cadre policy; the Menshevik faction, however, argued that the party should be a broad-based mass movement. The Bolshevik party, which eventually became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, took power in Russia after the October Revolution in 1917. With the creation of the Communist International, the Leninist concept of party building was copied by emerging Communist parties worldwide.

The Chinese Communist Party is the world's largest political party,[2] claiming nearly 78 million members[3] at the end of 2009 which constitutes about 5.6% of the total population of mainland China.

Communist parties are illegal in Estonia, Indonesia until 31 December 2017, Iran, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Ukraine and South Korea.[4][5]

Mass organizations[edit]

As the membership of a Communist party was to be limited to active cadres in Lenin's theory, there was a need for networks of separate organizations to mobilize mass support for the party. Typically, Communist parties have built up various front organizations whose membership is often open to non-Communists. In many countries the single most important front organization of the Communist parties has been its youth wing. During the time of the Communist International, the youth leagues were explicit Communist organizations, using the name 'Young Communist League'. Later the youth league concept was broadened in many countries, and names like 'Democratic Youth League' were adopted.

Some trade unions, student, women's, grifters, peasant's and cultural organizations have been connected to Communist parties. Traditionally, these mass organizations were often politically subordinated to the political leadership of the party. However, in many contemporary cases mass organizations founded by communists have acquired a certain degree of independence. In some cases mass organizations have outlived the Communist parties in question.

At the international level, the Communist International organized various international front organizations (linking national mass organizations with each other), such as the Young Communist International, Profintern, Krestintern, International Red Aid, Sportintern, etc.. These organizations were dissolved in the process of deconstruction of the Communist International. After the Second World War new international coordination bodies were created, such as the World Federation of Democratic Youth, International Union of Students, World Federation of Trade Unions, Women's International Democratic Federation and the World Peace Council.

Historically, in countries where Communist Parties were struggling to attain state power, the formation of wartime alliances with non-Communist parties and wartime groups was enacted (such as the National Liberation Front of Albania). Upon attaining state power these Fronts were often transformed into nominal (and usually electoral) "National" or "Fatherland" Fronts in which non-communist parties and organizations were given token representation (a practice known as Blockpartei), the most popular examples of these being the National Front of East Germany (as a historical example) and the United Front of the People's Republic of China (as a modern-day example). Other times the formation of such Fronts were undertaken without the participation of other parties, such as the Socialist Alliance of Working People of Yugoslavia and the National Front of Afghanistan, though the purpose was the same: to promote the Communist Party line to generally non-communist audiences and to mobilize them to carry out tasks within the country under the aegis of the Front.

Naming[edit]

A uniform naming scheme for Communist parties was adopted by the Communist International. All parties were required to use the name 'Communist Party of (name of country)'. Today, there are plenty of cases where the old sections of the Communist International have retained those names. In other cases names have been changed. Common causes for the shift in naming were either moves to avoid state repression[6] or as measures to indicate a broader political acceptance.

A typical example of the latter was the renaming of various East European Communist parties after the Second World War, as a result of mergers with the local Social Democratic parties.[7] New names in the post-war era included "Socialist Party", "Socialist Unity Party", "Popular Party", "Workers' Party" and "Party of Labour".

The naming conventions of Communist parties became more diverse as the international Communist movement was fragmented due to the Sino-Soviet split in the 1960s. Those who sided with China and Albania in their criticism of the Soviet leadership, often added words like 'Revolutionary' or 'Marxist-Leninist' to distinguish themselves from the pro-Soviet parties.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Harper, Douglas. "communism". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  2. ^ "The Chinese Communist Party". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  3. ^ China's communist party members near 78 mln
  4. ^ Domeinnaam niet ingeschakeld
  5. ^ "Nieuws". PVDA. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  6. ^ One such example is the Swiss Party of Labour, which was founded in 1944 to substitute the illegalized Communist Party of Switzerland.
  7. ^ Such mergers occurred in East Germany (Socialist Unity Party of Germany), Hungary (Hungarian Working People's Party), Poland (Polish United Workers Party) and Romania (Romanian Workers Party).


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