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1
Communist Party USA, "History
Communist Party USA, "History's Challenge," Part 1 of 3.
::2009/08/29::
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2
COMMUNIST PARTY!!! - [FULL]
COMMUNIST PARTY!!! - [FULL]
::2013/12/28::
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3
Explained: China
Explained: China's Communist Party
::2012/11/13::
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4
The Communist Party smacks down Allen West
The Communist Party smacks down Allen West
::2012/04/17::
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5
Today
Today's communist party in Russia
::2012/06/20::
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6
The Future of China and the Chinese Communist Party | China Uncensored
The Future of China and the Chinese Communist Party | China Uncensored
::2013/08/30::
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7
Communist Party U.S.A. in Solidarity with Occupy Chicago
Communist Party U.S.A. in Solidarity with Occupy Chicago
::2011/10/16::
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8
The brutality of Chinese Communist Party and Government
The brutality of Chinese Communist Party and Government
::2011/08/30::
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9
Communist Party USA (Soviet Anthem In English)
Communist Party USA (Soviet Anthem In English)
::2010/05/02::
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10
History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks) - Chapter 1
History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks) - Chapter 1
::2014/02/03::
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11
Ontario Election 2014: The Communist Party
Ontario Election 2014: The Communist Party
::2014/06/10::
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12
Join the Chinese Communist Party (中国共产党)
Join the Chinese Communist Party (中国共产党)
::2008/09/21::
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13
TPCC Chief Ponnala about role of Communist party & MIM in Medak by-elections - Teenmaar News
TPCC Chief Ponnala about role of Communist party & MIM in Medak by-elections - Teenmaar News
::2014/09/17::
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14
Chinese Businesswoman Stripped of US Citizenship for Assisting Chinese Communist Party Spy.
Chinese Businesswoman Stripped of US Citizenship for Assisting Chinese Communist Party Spy.
::2014/09/17::
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15
China Communist Party Propoganda Animation
China Communist Party Propoganda Animation
::2012/01/13::
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16
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China by Brother Hao
Without the Communist Party, There Would Be No New China by Brother Hao
::2012/01/11::
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17
Two Major News Items Disclosed Before the Communist Party Conference
Two Major News Items Disclosed Before the Communist Party Conference
::2014/09/17::
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18
Interview with Russian Communist Party leader G.Zyuganov
Interview with Russian Communist Party leader G.Zyuganov
::2013/09/12::
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19
No Communist Party, No New China with subtitles  沒有共產黨就沒有新中國
No Communist Party, No New China with subtitles 沒有共產黨就沒有新中國
::2012/01/01::
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20
[North Korea] Hail N.Korean Communist Party (English Subtitle)
[North Korea] Hail N.Korean Communist Party (English Subtitle)
::2010/11/30::
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21
Applying to join the Chinese Communist Party - music video (w/ English subtitles)
Applying to join the Chinese Communist Party - music video (w/ English subtitles)
::2012/03/30::
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22
No Communist Party, No New China (沒有共產黨就沒有新中國)
No Communist Party, No New China (沒有共產黨就沒有新中國)
::2008/09/19::
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23
Without The Communist Party There Would Be No New China
Without The Communist Party There Would Be No New China
::2012/07/18::
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24
ya reyah el sha3b/lebanese communist party
ya reyah el sha3b/lebanese communist party
::2007/12/06::
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25
The East is Red Musical Song "Without the Communist Party There would be no New China"
The East is Red Musical Song "Without the Communist Party There would be no New China"
::2013/07/06::
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26
THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA IS WITH YOU ALONG THE WAY
THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA IS WITH YOU ALONG THE WAY
::2013/12/29::
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27
Parti Komunist Malaya Communist Party of Malaya CPM in victory parade
Parti Komunist Malaya Communist Party of Malaya CPM in victory parade
::2008/11/29::
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28
COMMUNIST PARTY OF BRITAIN: Robert Griffiths
COMMUNIST PARTY OF BRITAIN: Robert Griffiths
::2010/05/03::
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29
Nashid El Omameye/lebanese communist party
Nashid El Omameye/lebanese communist party
::2007/03/02::
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30
No Communist Party, No New China.
No Communist Party, No New China.
::2014/01/10::
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31
Anime Communist Party
Anime Communist Party
::2013/12/07::
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32
Japan: crisis swells Communist Party ranks
Japan: crisis swells Communist Party ranks
::2009/04/28::
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33
#BrooklynProtest organizers confront Revolutionary Communist Party in #EastFlatbush 3-24
#BrooklynProtest organizers confront Revolutionary Communist Party in #EastFlatbush 3-24
::2013/03/25::
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34
Revolutionary Communist Party incites riots at Ferguson August 18, 2014
Revolutionary Communist Party incites riots at Ferguson August 18, 2014
::2014/08/19::
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35
Kiev, Ukraine, 23.7.2014: Communist party leader Petro Symonenko attacked at last day in parliament
Kiev, Ukraine, 23.7.2014: Communist party leader Petro Symonenko attacked at last day in parliament
::2014/07/23::
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36
Lebanese communist party
Lebanese communist party
::2009/08/08::
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37
Joseph Garang .. Sudanese Communist Party Martyr.
Joseph Garang .. Sudanese Communist Party Martyr.
::2007/04/14::
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38
Special Story on Maoist Communist Party | Studio N
Special Story on Maoist Communist Party | Studio N
::2014/09/16::
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39
Assault on the Communist Party of Ukraine offices in Kyev
Assault on the Communist Party of Ukraine offices in Kyev
::2014/04/11::
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40
Struggle in the Chinese Communist Party
Struggle in the Chinese Communist Party
::2012/03/24::
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41
The internationale Arabic, Syrian communist party.
The internationale Arabic, Syrian communist party.
::2011/02/05::
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42
② Nine Commentaries on the communist party, second Commentary
② Nine Commentaries on the communist party, second Commentary
::2011/08/05::
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43
CNN: Brutal Chinese Communist Party wants to brainwash Hong Kong
CNN: Brutal Chinese Communist Party wants to brainwash Hong Kong's students
::2012/09/05::
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44
Manifesto of the Communist Party - Complete Audiobook
Manifesto of the Communist Party - Complete Audiobook
::2013/01/04::
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45
The Red Army Choir sings the Offical Anthem of the Communist Party of Australia
The Red Army Choir sings the Offical Anthem of the Communist Party of Australia
::2009/10/10::
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46
5th Congress Of The Bulgarian Communist Party (1949)
5th Congress Of The Bulgarian Communist Party (1949)
::2014/04/13::
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47
"Communists - forward!" (2011) Russian music (Eng sub)
"Communists - forward!" (2011) Russian music (Eng sub)
::2012/02/10::
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48
The Leader of the Communist Party of Canada
The Leader of the Communist Party of Canada
::2011/04/24::
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49
沒有共產黨就沒有新中國 Without the Communist Party, there would be no new China 1080pHD
沒有共產黨就沒有新中國 Without the Communist Party, there would be no new China 1080pHD
::2012/02/13::
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Book Discussion: China
Book Discussion: China's Communist Party: Atrophy and Adaptation
::2013/07/29::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about the factors all Communist parties have in common. For a list of Communist parties of the past and present, see List of communist parties and Communist Party (disambiguation).

A communist party is a political party that advocates the application of the social and economic principles of communism through state policy. The name originates from the 1848 tract Manifesto of the Communist Party by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.[1] According to Leninist theory, a Communist party is the vanguard party of the working class (Proletariat), whether ruling or non-ruling, but when such a party is in power in a specific country, the party is said to be the highest authority of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Vladimir Lenin's theories on the role of a Communist party were developed as the early 20th-century Russian social democracy divided into Bolshevik (meaning "of the majority") and Menshevik (meaning "of the minority") factions. Lenin, leader of the Bolsheviks, argued that a revolutionary party should be a small vanguard party with a centralized political command and a strict cadre policy; the Menshevik faction, however, argued that the party should be a broad-based mass movement. The Bolshevik party, which eventually became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, took power in Russia after the October Revolution in 1917. With the creation of the Communist International, the Leninist concept of party building was copied by emerging Communist parties worldwide.

The Chinese Communist Party is the world's largest political party,[2] claiming nearly 78 million members[3] at the end of 2009 which constitutes about 5.6% of the total population of mainland China.

Communist parties are illegal in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Indonesia, Iran, Romania and South Korea.[4][5]

Mass organizations[edit]

As the membership of a Communist party was to be limited to active cadres in Lenin's theory, there was a need for networks of separate organizations to mobilize mass support for the party. Typically, Communist parties have built up various front organizations whose membership is often open to non-Communists. In many countries the single most important front organization of the Communist parties has been its youth wing. During the time of the Communist International, the youth leagues were explicit Communist organizations, using the name 'Young Communist League'. Later the youth league concept was broadened in many countries, and names like 'Democratic Youth League' were adopted.

Some trade unions, student, women's, grifters, peasant's and cultural organizations have been connected to Communist parties. Traditionally, these mass organizations were often politically subordinated to the political leadership of the party. However, in many contemporary cases mass organizations founded by communists have acquired a certain degree of independence. In some cases mass organizations have outlived the Communist parties in question.

At the international level, the Communist International organized various international front organizations (linking national mass organizations with each other), such as the Young Communist International, Profintern, Krestintern, International Red Aid, Sportintern, etc.. These organizations were dissolved in the process of deconstruction of the Communist International. After the Second World War new international coordination bodies were created, such as the World Federation of Democratic Youth, International Union of Students, World Federation of Trade Unions, Women's International Democratic Federation and the World Peace Council.

Historically, in countries where Communist Parties were struggling to attain state power, the formation of wartime alliances with non-Communist parties and wartime groups was enacted (such as the National Liberation Front of Albania). Upon attaining state power these Fronts were often transformed into nominal (and usually electoral) "National" or "Fatherland" Fronts in which non-communist parties and organizations were given token representation (a practice known as Blockpartei), the most popular examples of these being the National Front of East Germany (as a historical example) and the United Front of the People's Republic of China (as a modern-day example). Other times the formation of such Fronts were undertaken without the participation of other parties, such as the Socialist Alliance of Working People of Yugoslavia and the National Front of Afghanistan, though the purpose was the same: to promote the Communist Party line to generally non-communist audiences and to mobilize them to carry out tasks within the country under the aegis of the Front.

Naming[edit]

A uniform naming scheme for Communist parties was adopted by the Communist International. All parties were required to use the name 'Communist Party of (name of country)'. Today, there are plenty of cases where the old sections of the Communist International have retained those names. In other cases names have been changed. Common causes for the shift in naming were either moves to avoid state repression[6] or as measures to indicate a broader political acceptance.

A typical example of the latter was the renamings of various East European communist parties after the Second World War, as staged 'mergers' of the local Social Democratic parties occurred.[7] New names in the post-war era included 'Socialist Party', 'Socialist Unity Party', 'Popular Party', 'Workers' Party' and 'Party of Labour'.

The naming of conventions of Communist parties became more diverse as the international Communist movement was fragmented due to the Sino-Soviet split in the 1960s. Those who sided with China and Albania in their criticism of the Soviet leadership, often added words like 'Revolutionary' or 'Marxist-Leninist' to distinguish themselves from the pro-Soviet parties.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

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