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Beethoven: Symphony No. 7 - Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra & Iván Fischer
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7 - Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra & Iván Fischer
Published: 2015/02/16
Channel: Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Mahler  --  Symphony No. 2
Mahler -- Symphony No. 2 'Auferstehung'
Published: 2011/02/02
Channel: Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Tchaikovsky Symphony No 6 B minor Pathétique Mariss Jansons Concertgebouw orchestra
Tchaikovsky Symphony No 6 B minor Pathétique Mariss Jansons Concertgebouw orchestra
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: Sonorum Concentus
Mendelssohn: Concerto for Violin and Strings - Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra - Live concert HD
Mendelssohn: Concerto for Violin and Strings - Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra - Live concert HD
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: AVROTROS Klassiek
Stravinsky: Petroesjka / Petrouchka Concertgebouw Orchestra Live concert HD
Stravinsky: Petroesjka / Petrouchka Concertgebouw Orchestra Live concert HD
Published: 2011/12/01
Channel: AVROTROS Klassiek
Armin van Buuren & The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra perform for new Dutch king Willem-Alexander
Armin van Buuren & The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra perform for new Dutch king Willem-Alexander
Published: 2013/10/13
Channel: Armin van Buuren
Mezzo - G. Mahler - Symphonie Nr.5 C# minor - Daniele Gatti, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Mezzo - G. Mahler - Symphonie Nr.5 C# minor - Daniele Gatti, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: Μιχάλης Μιχαλακόπουλος mic2bach
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 6 (Lorin Maazel, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra) [60fps)
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 6 (Lorin Maazel, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra) [60fps)
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: John Doe
At The Royal Concertgebouw...
At The Royal Concertgebouw...
Published: 2015/06/04
Channel: Het Concertgebouw
RCO Editions 18 - Shostakovich Symphony No. 5 Mvt. 4
RCO Editions 18 - Shostakovich Symphony No. 5 Mvt. 4
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Dvořák: Symphony No. 9 - Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra/Blomstedt (2016)
Dvořák: Symphony No. 9 - Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra/Blomstedt (2016)
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Musica Universalis
Hoe heurt het eigenlijk - in het Concertgebouw
Hoe heurt het eigenlijk - in het Concertgebouw
Published: 2013/10/17
Channel: AVROTROS Klassiek
Wagner
Wagner 'Tannhäuser' Overture - Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam, 4-1-2016
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: hottcarlson
Jazz Orchestra of the Concertgebouw
Jazz Orchestra of the Concertgebouw
Published: 2013/10/27
Channel: Pieter van Diepen
See how the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra surprised ING with a special concert
See how the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra surprised ING with a special concert
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: ING
Daniele Gatti and the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra - Symphony No. 2 "Resurrection" - Mahler
Daniele Gatti and the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra - Symphony No. 2 "Resurrection" - Mahler
Published: 2016/09/26
Channel: medici.tv
Bach Christmas Oratorio - Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Christmas Matinee
Bach Christmas Oratorio - Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Christmas Matinee
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: Classical Music Library
Pergolesi: Stabat Mater - Live Concert [HD] - Concerto Köln - Concertgebouw Amsterdam
Pergolesi: Stabat Mater - Live Concert [HD] - Concerto Köln - Concertgebouw Amsterdam
Published: 2012/03/26
Channel: AVROTROS Klassiek
André Hazes in Het Concertgebouw (Martijn Fischer).
André Hazes in Het Concertgebouw (Martijn Fischer).
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: marcel groot
Brahms: Violin Concerto / Rachlin M.Jansons Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (2008 Live)
Brahms: Violin Concerto / Rachlin M.Jansons Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (2008 Live)
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: 192bps Sound
Mezzo - G. Mahler - Symphonie Nr.4 G major - Ivan Fischer Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Mezzo - G. Mahler - Symphonie Nr.4 G major - Ivan Fischer Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: Μιχάλης Μιχαλακόπουλος mic2bach
Mezzo - G. Mahler - Symphonie 3 D minor - Mariss Jansons Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra 2 Choren
Mezzo - G. Mahler - Symphonie 3 D minor - Mariss Jansons Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra 2 Choren
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: Μιχάλης Μιχαλακόπουλος mic2bach
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra: Mahler Symphony No. 5 (Excerpt)
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra: Mahler Symphony No. 5 (Excerpt)
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: Carnegie Hall
Grupa MoCarta / MozART group w Royal Concertgebouw Amsterdam
Grupa MoCarta / MozART group w Royal Concertgebouw Amsterdam
Published: 2015/03/20
Channel: grupamocarta
Tchaikovsky: Serenade for Strings - Concertgebouw Kamerorkest / Chamber Orchestra - Live concert HD
Tchaikovsky: Serenade for Strings - Concertgebouw Kamerorkest / Chamber Orchestra - Live concert HD
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: AVROTROS Klassiek
Beethoven   Symphony No  6
Beethoven Symphony No 6
Published: 2013/10/21
Channel: Lance Skrull
Aretha Franklin  - The Legendary Concertgebouw Concert Amsterdam 1968
Aretha Franklin - The Legendary Concertgebouw Concert Amsterdam 1968
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: Evans684
Mozart: Eine kleine Nachtmusik - Concertgebouw Kamerorkest - Live Concert - HD
Mozart: Eine kleine Nachtmusik - Concertgebouw Kamerorkest - Live Concert - HD
Published: 2013/04/15
Channel: AVROTROS Klassiek
Shostakovich Jazz Suite Concertgebouw Orchestra Marin Alsop
Shostakovich Jazz Suite Concertgebouw Orchestra Marin Alsop
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Sonorum Concentus
RAVEL BOLÉRO - Royal Concertgebouw Amsterdã, Holanda - regent Barry Wordsworth
RAVEL BOLÉRO - Royal Concertgebouw Amsterdã, Holanda - regent Barry Wordsworth
Published: 2011/11/14
Channel: spiderBHZ
Avond van de Filmmuziek 2015 - Concertgebouw Amsterdam - Metropole Orkest olv. Charles Floyd
Avond van de Filmmuziek 2015 - Concertgebouw Amsterdam - Metropole Orkest olv. Charles Floyd
Published: 2015/03/29
Channel: RickMusic95
Chicago Transit Authority -1970- Concertgebouw, Amsterdam, 12.12.1970
Chicago Transit Authority -1970- Concertgebouw, Amsterdam, 12.12.1970
Published: 2014/02/28
Channel: VibraePhase_2.0
Wow... Het Concertgebouw!
Wow... Het Concertgebouw!
Published: 2014/09/12
Channel: Educatie Het Concertgebouw
Bruckner Symphony No 5 B flat major Concertgebouw Orchestra Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Bruckner Symphony No 5 B flat major Concertgebouw Orchestra Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: Sonorum Concentus
Carlos Kleiber Beethoven Symphonies 4&7 Concertgebouw orchestra Amsterdam
Carlos Kleiber Beethoven Symphonies 4&7 Concertgebouw orchestra Amsterdam
Published: 2012/05/20
Channel: Samuel van Swol
Mahler symphony No.3 -4M M.Jansons Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Mahler symphony No.3 -4M M.Jansons Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: HDVideoCollections4
Mariss Jansons & The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra - Symphony No. 9 - Bruckner
Mariss Jansons & The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra - Symphony No. 9 - Bruckner
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: medici.tv
Pet Sounds integraal @Concertgebouw
Pet Sounds integraal @Concertgebouw
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: Ron van der Kamp
Het Concertgebouw: Onvergetelijke concerten
Het Concertgebouw: Onvergetelijke concerten
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: Het Concertgebouw
Tchaikovsy: Serenade for Strings, Op.48 - Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra - Live concert HD
Tchaikovsy: Serenade for Strings, Op.48 - Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra - Live concert HD
Published: 2016/11/08
Channel: AVROTROS Klassiek
Aretha Franklin - Chain Of Fools (Concertgebouw, Amsterdam 1968)
Aretha Franklin - Chain Of Fools (Concertgebouw, Amsterdam 1968)
Published: 2014/08/21
Channel: Music On TV1
DUKE ELLINGTON Concertgebouw di Amsterdam 1958
DUKE ELLINGTON Concertgebouw di Amsterdam 1958
Published: 2016/07/12
Channel: Area Jazz
Jasperina de Jong in het Concertgebouw, deel I. (1991)
Jasperina de Jong in het Concertgebouw, deel I. (1991)
Published: 2015/03/08
Channel: Toenwaskwaliteit nogheelgewoon
Miles Davis- October 15, 1960 Concertgebouw, Amsterdam
Miles Davis- October 15, 1960 Concertgebouw, Amsterdam
Published: 2015/10/11
Channel: Milestones: A Miles Davis Archive
Sergei Rachmaninoff,  Symphony Nr. 2 in E minor. Op. 27, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, live
Sergei Rachmaninoff, Symphony Nr. 2 in E minor. Op. 27, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, live
Published: 2016/02/19
Channel: Arnold van der Waals
CD-presentatie Sjors van der Panne - Klassiekers in Het Concertgebouw
CD-presentatie Sjors van der Panne - Klassiekers in Het Concertgebouw
Published: 2015/05/08
Channel: Daan Bartels
Brahms - Symphony No.3 in F major, op.90 - Bernard Haitink - Concertgebouw
Brahms - Symphony No.3 in F major, op.90 - Bernard Haitink - Concertgebouw
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: lambda music
Aretha Franklin - A Natural Woman (Concertgebouw, Amsterdam 1968)
Aretha Franklin - A Natural Woman (Concertgebouw, Amsterdam 1968)
Published: 2014/09/08
Channel: Music On TV1
On Stage and backstage - Het Concertgebouw
On Stage and backstage - Het Concertgebouw
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: Educatie Het Concertgebouw
Hoezo geen dance in Concertgebouw?
Hoezo geen dance in Concertgebouw? 'Mahler 8 is nog veel harder'
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: AT5
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Royal Concertgebouw
Koninklijk Concertgebouw
Concertgebouw.jpg
Concertgebouw in 2011
Concertgebouw is located in Amsterdam
Concertgebouw
Location in Amsterdam
General information
Status Complete
Type Concert hall
Architectural style Neoclassical
Location Museumplein
Address Concertgebouwplein 10
1071 LN Amsterdam
Town or city Amsterdam
Country Netherlands
Coordinates 52°21′22″N 4°52′46″E / 52.356223°N 4.879517°E / 52.356223; 4.879517Coordinates: 52°21′22″N 4°52′46″E / 52.356223°N 4.879517°E / 52.356223; 4.879517
Current tenants Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Construction started 1883
Completed late 1886
Opened 11 April 1888
Renovated July 1985 – April 1988
Cost 300,000 Dutch guilders
Owner Het Concertgebouw N.V. (privately owned)
Design and construction
Architect Adolf Leonard van Gendt (nl)
Designations Protected monument
Renovating team
Architect Pi de Bruijn
Other information
Seating type Theatre
Seating capacity 1,974 (Main Hall)
437 (Recital Hall)
150 (Choir Hall)[1]
Website
www.concertgebouw.nl

The Royal Concertgebouw (Dutch: Koninklijk Concertgebouw, pronounced [ˌkoːnɪnklək kɔnˈsɛrt.xəˌbʌu̯]) is a concert hall in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The Dutch term "concertgebouw" literally translates into English as "concert building". On 11 April 2013, on occasion of the building's 125th anniversary, Queen Beatrix bestowed the Royal Title "Koninklijk" upon the building, as she did previously (in 1988) to the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra.[2] Because of its highly regarded acoustics, the Concertgebouw is considered one of the finest concert halls in the world, along with places such as Boston's Symphony Hall[3][4] and the Musikverein in Vienna.[5]

History[edit]

The architect of the building was Adolf Leonard van Gendt (nl),[6] who was inspired by the Gewandhaus in Leipzig, built two years earlier (and destroyed in 1943).

Construction began in 1883 in a pasture that was then outside the city, in Nieuwer-Amstel, a municipality that in 1964 became Amstelveen.[7] A total of 2,186 piles of length twelve to thirteen metres (40 to 43 ft) were sunk into the soil.[citation needed]

The hall opened on 11 April 1888 with an inaugural concert, in which an orchestra of 120 musicians and a chorus of 500 singers participated, performing works of Wagner, Handel, Bach, and Beethoven. The resident orchestra of the Concertgebouw is the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest), which gave its first concert in the hall on 3 November 1888, as the Concertgebouw Orchestra (Concertgebouworkest). For many decades the Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra and the Radio Filharmonisch Orkest have also been regular performers in the Concertgebouw.[citation needed]

The Main Hall (Grote Zaal) seats 1,974,[1] and is 44 metres (144 ft) long, 28 metres (92 ft) wide, and 17 metres (56 ft) high.[8] Its reverberation time is 2.8 seconds without audience, 2.2 seconds with, making it ideal for the late Romantic repertoire such as Mahler. Although this characteristic makes it largely unsuited for amplified music, groups such as Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd and The Who did perform there in the 1960s. It hosts not only orchestral and operatic performances, but also jazz and world music.[citation needed]

A smaller, oval-shaped venue, the Recital Hall (Kleine Zaal), is located behind the Main Hall. The Recital Hall is 20 metres (66 ft) long and 15 metres (50 ft) wide.[8] Its more intimate space is well-suited for chamber music and Lieder. The Recital Hall has 437 seats.[1]

When the Concertgebouw was built, acoustics were something of a black art. As in shipbuilding, designers drew upon what had worked in the past without entirely understanding the underlying science. When the building was completed, the acoustics were not perfect, and a lot of effort went into fine-tuning the aural ambience. During later restorations, particular care has been taken not to alter the materials used for interior decoration with this in mind. In the 1980s, the hall embarked on extensive fund-raising for renovations after the hall was found to be slowly sinking into the ground. Pi de Bruijn was the architect for the contemporary annex to the original hall.[9]

Today, some nine hundred concerts and other events per year take place in the Concertgebouw, for a public of over 700,000, making it one of the most-visited concert halls in the world.[10]

As of February 2014, the managing director of the Concertgebouw is Simon Reinink and the artistic director is Anneke Hogenstijn.[11]

Organ[edit]

The organ in the Main Hall of the Concertgebouw

The organ was built in 1890 by the organ builder Michael Maarschalkerweerd from Utrecht, and was renovated in the years 1990 to 1993 by the organ builder Flentrop. It has 60 registers on three divisions and pedal.[12]

I Hauptwerk C–g3
Prestant 16’
Bourdon 16’
Prestant 8’
Bourdon 8’
Flûte harmonique 8’
Violoncello 8’
Prestant 4’
Flûte octaviante 4’
Quint harm. 22/3
Quint 22/3
Octav harm. 2’
Octav 2’
Terz harm. 13/5
Mixtur IV–VI
Mixtur III–IV
Cornet V 8’
Bariton 16’
Trompet harm. 8’
Trompet 8’
Trompet 4’
II Schwellwerk C–g3
Quintadeen 16’
Flûte harm. 8’
Hohlflöte 8’
Viola di Gamba 8’
Voix Céleste 8’
Flûte octaviante 4’
Quint 22/3
Flageolet harm. 2’
Terz 13/5
Piccolo 1’
Plein-jeu harm. IV-VI
Bombarde 16’
Trompet 8’
Basson-Hobo 8’
Vox humana 8’
Trompet harm. 4’
Tremulant
III Schwell-Positiv C–g3
Zachtgedekt 16’
Prestant 8’
Rohrflöte 8’
Salicional 8’
Unda Maris 8’
Octav 4’
Fluit-dolce 4’
Violine 4’
Waldflöte 2’
Maarschalkje 11/3
Mixtur II–V
Trompet harm. 8’
Klarinet 8’
Tremulant
Pedalwerk C–g1
Gedeckt Subbas 32’
Prinzipalbass 16’
Subbass 16’
Violon 16’
Quintbass 102/3
Flöte 8’
Violoncello 8’
Corni-dolce 4’
Basson 16’
Trombone 8’
Trompet 4’
  • Couplers: II/I (also as Suboktavkoppel), III/I, III/II, I/P, II/P, III/P

Names of composers in the Main Hall[edit]

In the Main Hall, the surnames of the following 46 composers are displayed on the balcony ledges and on the walls:[13]

In popular culture[edit]

The Concertgebouw is mentioned, along with Madison Square Garden, the Hollywood Bowl, and the Rainbow Theatre, in the song "Rock Show" from the 1975 Wings album Venus and Mars.

Kris Debruyne, a Belgian singer, mentions the Concertgebouw in his song "Amsterdam".

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Concert halls". Concertgebouw NV. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "Koninklijke status voor Het Concertgebouw". Concertgebouw NV. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  3. ^ April 11, 1888: Concertgebouw, Home of Nearly Perfect Acoustics, Opens
  4. ^ R.W. Apple, Jr., Apple's America (North Point Press, 2005), ISBN 0-86547-685-3.
  5. ^ Tapio Lahti and Henrik Möller. "Concert Hall Acoustics and the Computer". ARK – The Finnish Architectural Review. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Concertgebouw (rijksmonument #288)". Monumentenregister (in Dutch). Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  7. ^ Drawing of the Concertgebouw in the fields, at the Amsterdam City Archives
  8. ^ a b "Het Concertgebouw – Capaciteit Zalen" (PDF). Concertgebouw NV. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  9. ^ Paul L. Montgomery (13 April 1988). "Dutch Hail Concertgebouw's 100th". New York Times. Retrieved 12 October 2007. 
  10. ^ "Facts & Figures". Concertgebouw NV. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  11. ^ "Jaarverslag 2012" [Annual Report 2012] (PDF) (in Dutch). Concertgebouw NV. 2013-04-02. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  12. ^ Information on Organ
  13. ^ "Reader De eregalerijen in het concertgebouw" (PDF). Vrienden Concertgebouw & Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

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