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Pioneer Wagon
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HWWS 5th Wheel Covered Wagon Features
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OLD WEST COVERED WAGONS.mov
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Building the Conestoga Wagon E
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Building the Conestoga Wagon A
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1800
1800's CONESTOGA COVERED WAGON
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RDSN: FB - Dickinson v. F&M, Battle for the Conestoga Wagon 2014
RDSN: FB - Dickinson v. F&M, Battle for the Conestoga Wagon 2014
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Drawing Education : How to Draw a Conestoga Wagon for Kids
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Building the Conestoga Wagon C
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Unboxing The Model Trailways Conestoga Wagon
Unboxing The Model Trailways Conestoga Wagon
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RDSN: FB - Cedric Madden 3 TD, Conestoga Wagon 2014
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Conestoga - Wagon Wheel - Darius Rucker Cover
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Unboxing The Model Trailways Conestoga Wagon V2
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Conestoga Wagon
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Covered Wagon | LooLeDo.com | Fun Kids Crafts, Science Projects, and More!
Covered Wagon | LooLeDo.com | Fun Kids Crafts, Science Projects, and More!
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Luray Caverns - Conestoga Wagon (Commercial)
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Make a Conestoga Wagon!
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Minecraft Conestoga Wagon Tutorial
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Building the Conestoga Wagon D
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Luray Caverns - Conestoga Wagon
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Covered Wagons of the Oregon Trail
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Conestoga wagon i made for shannon holds 3 yards of saw dust for the horses
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City Barbeque and Conestoga Wagon
City Barbeque and Conestoga Wagon
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WPMT: History Spot, Conestoga Wagon
WPMT: History Spot, Conestoga Wagon
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Kevin
Kevin's Conestoga Wagon Update 9 November 2014
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Minecraft Conestoga Wagon Video Project - Large
Minecraft Conestoga Wagon Video Project - Large
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Conestoga wagon i made for shannon holds 3 yards of saw dust for the horses
Conestoga wagon i made for shannon holds 3 yards of saw dust for the horses
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Large Car OTR/KWooper pullin a covered wagon
Large Car OTR/KWooper pullin a covered wagon
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How-To Build A Small Conestoga Wagon
How-To Build A Small Conestoga Wagon
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Conestoga "Crazy Wagon or Rainbow" at Lake Winnepesaukah "Lake Winnie". August 2, 2013.
Conestoga "Crazy Wagon or Rainbow" at Lake Winnepesaukah "Lake Winnie". August 2, 2013.
::2013/08/05::
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Conestoga Wagon Simulator
Conestoga Wagon Simulator
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Fall Color Covered Wagon Ride 34 Min.
Fall Color Covered Wagon Ride 34 Min.
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1955 Studebaker Conestoga Station Wagon
1955 Studebaker Conestoga Station Wagon
::2011/04/16::
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Covered Wagon Project
Covered Wagon Project
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Home Movie 05 - Plastic Conestoga Wagon
Home Movie 05 - Plastic Conestoga Wagon
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1899 Studebaker Covered Wagon Carriage Pre Car Automobile Historical Pioneer Vehicle In Oregon
1899 Studebaker Covered Wagon Carriage Pre Car Automobile Historical Pioneer Vehicle In Oregon
::2013/04/25::
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Conestoga Wagon Wood Crafts
Conestoga Wagon Wood Crafts
::2014/08/02::
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How-To Build A Wooden Conestoga Wagon
How-To Build A Wooden Conestoga Wagon
::2014/08/02::
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Conestoga Wagon TimeLapse
Conestoga Wagon TimeLapse
::2014/04/28::
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Covered Wagon Musicians - Bring Our Brothers Home
Covered Wagon Musicians - Bring Our Brothers Home
::2012/02/19::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Painting depicting a Conestoga wagon. Note the severe angles at either end and the curved center, characteristics of the large Conestoga compared to other varieties of covered wagon.
US Army transport wagon

The Conestoga wagon is a heavy, covered wagon that was used extensively during the late eighteenth century and the nineteenth century in the United States and Canada. It was large enough to transport loads up to 6 tons[1][2] (5.4 metric tons), and was drawn by horses, mules or oxen. It was designed to help keep its contents from moving about when in motion and to aid it in crossing rivers and streams, though it sometimes leaked unless caulked.

The term "Conestoga wagon" refers specifically to this type of vehicle; it is not a generic term for "covered wagon". The wagons used in the westward expansion of the United States were, for the most part, ordinary farm wagons fitted with canvas covers.[3]

History[edit]

The first known mention of a "Conestoga wagon" was by James Logan on December 31, 1717 in his accounting log after purchasing it from James Hendricks.[4] It was named after the "Conestoga River" or "Conestoga Township" in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and thought to have been introduced by Mennonite German settlers.[5] The Brethren of Lancaster County, an off-shoot sect of the Mennonites, said that there was a local Native American tribe called the Conestoga.

In colonial times the Conestoga wagon was popular for migration southward through the Great Appalachian Valley along the Great Wagon Road. After the American Revolution it was used to open up commerce to Pittsburgh and Ohio. In 1820 rates charged were roughly one dollar per 100 pounds per 100 miles, with speeds about 15 mi (24 km) per day. The Conestoga, often in long wagon trains, was the primary overland cargo vehicle over the Appalachian Mountains until the development of the railroad. The wagon was pulled by a team of up to eight horses or up to a dozen oxen. For this purpose, the Conestoga horse, a special breed of medium to heavy draft horses, was developed.[6]

In Canada, the Conestoga wagons were used by Pennsylvania German migrants who left the United States for Southern Ontario, settling various communities in Niagara Region, Kitchener-Waterloo area and York Region (mostly in Markham, Ontario and Stouffville, Ontario).[7]

Construction[edit]

The Conestoga wagon was built with its floor curved upward to prevent the contents from tipping and shifting. The average Conestoga wagon was 18 feet long, 11 feet high, and 4 feet in width. It could carry up to 12,000 pounds (5,400 kg)[8] of cargo. The seams in the body of the wagon were stuffed with tar to protect them from leaking while crossing rivers. Also for protection against bad weather, stretched across the wagon was a tough, white canvas cover. The frame and suspension were made of wood, and the wheels were often iron-rimmed for greater durability. Water barrels were built on the side of the wagon, and toolboxes held tools needed for repair. Also, the feed box on the back of the wagon was used to feed the horses.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Conestoga wagon". Enyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  2. ^ "Conestoga wagon". About.com 19th Century History. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  3. ^ Stewart, George R. (1962). "The Prairie Schooner Got Them There". American Heritage Magazine 13 (2). 
  4. ^ "Conestoga Wagon Historical Marker". ExplorePAhistory.com. 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  5. ^ "Wayne Works". CoachBuilt. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  6. ^ "Conestoga Horse". The Equinest. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  7. ^ "Conestoga Wagon". - The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  8. ^ "The Conestoga Wagon". Colonial Sense. Retrieved April 23, 2014.

External links[edit]

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