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Building the Conestoga Wagon A
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::2013/10/01::
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Pioneer Wagon
Pioneer Wagon
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Conestoga Wagon Time-Lapse
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Conestoga Wagon History
Conestoga Wagon History
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James Cruze-The Covered Wagon (1923)-Early Sequences
James Cruze-The Covered Wagon (1923)-Early Sequences
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HWWS 5th Wheel Covered Wagon Features
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Building the Conestoga Wagon E
Building the Conestoga Wagon E
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Drawing Education : How to Draw a Conestoga Wagon for Kids
Drawing Education : How to Draw a Conestoga Wagon for Kids
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06-26-10 Conestoga Wagon by Sherman Francisco
06-26-10 Conestoga Wagon by Sherman Francisco
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1800
1800's CONESTOGA COVERED WAGON
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RDSN: FB - Dickinson v. F&M, Battle for the Conestoga Wagon 2014
RDSN: FB - Dickinson v. F&M, Battle for the Conestoga Wagon 2014
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OLD WEST COVERED WAGONS.mov
OLD WEST COVERED WAGONS.mov
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Conestoga Wagon Model Kit From Model Expo
Conestoga Wagon Model Kit From Model Expo
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Building the Conestoga Wagon C
Building the Conestoga Wagon C
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Grand Tetons Covered Wagon Train with Hidden Trails
Grand Tetons Covered Wagon Train with Hidden Trails
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The Covered Wagon (1923) - Os Pioneiros, La Caravana de Oregón (AVec)
The Covered Wagon (1923) - Os Pioneiros, La Caravana de Oregón (AVec)
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Conestoga - Wagon Wheel - Darius Rucker Cover
Conestoga - Wagon Wheel - Darius Rucker Cover
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Unboxing The Model Trailways Conestoga Wagon
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Minecraft Conestoga Wagon Tutorial
Minecraft Conestoga Wagon Tutorial
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Covered Wagon | LooLeDo.com | Fun Kids Crafts, Science Projects, and More!
Covered Wagon | LooLeDo.com | Fun Kids Crafts, Science Projects, and More!
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CONESTOGA WAGON
CONESTOGA WAGON
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Building the Conestoga Wagon B
Building the Conestoga Wagon B
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Luray Caverns - Conestoga Wagon (Commercial)
Luray Caverns - Conestoga Wagon (Commercial)
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Maya 2014 tutorial : How to model a Conestoga 1840 part 1/3
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Covered Wagons of the Oregon Trail
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Building the Conestoga Wagon D
Building the Conestoga Wagon D
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Conestoga wagon i made for shannon holds 3 yards of saw dust for the horses
Conestoga wagon i made for shannon holds 3 yards of saw dust for the horses
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Assembly of Covered Wagon.wmv
Assembly of Covered Wagon.wmv
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Fall Color Covered Wagon Ride 34 Min.
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WPMT: History Spot, Conestoga Wagon
WPMT: History Spot, Conestoga Wagon
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Conestoga wagon i made for shannon holds 3 yards of saw dust for the horses
Conestoga wagon i made for shannon holds 3 yards of saw dust for the horses
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Minecraft Conestoga Wagon Video Project - Large
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Cross Country Horse and Covered Wagon Trip
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model covered wagon
model covered wagon
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What Conestoga wagon Means
What Conestoga wagon Means
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Kevin
Kevin's Conestoga Wagon Update 9 November 2014
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Minecraft Tutorial: Old covered wagon [german]
Minecraft Tutorial: Old covered wagon [german]
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Large Car OTR/KWooper pullin a covered wagon
Large Car OTR/KWooper pullin a covered wagon
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How-To Build A Small Conestoga Wagon
How-To Build A Small Conestoga Wagon
::2014/08/02::
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Conestoga Wagon Simulator
Conestoga Wagon Simulator
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What does Conestoga wagon mean?
What does Conestoga wagon mean?
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1955 Studebaker Conestoga Station Wagon
1955 Studebaker Conestoga Station Wagon
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Painting depicting a Conestoga wagon. Note the severe angles at either end and the curved center, characteristics of the large Conestoga compared to other varieties of covered wagon.
A Conestoga style US Army cargo wagon on display at the U.S. Army Transportation Museum

The Conestoga wagon is a heavy, covered wagon that was used extensively during the late eighteenth century and the nineteenth century in the United States and Canada. It was large enough to transport loads up to 6 tons[1][2] (5.4 metric tons), and was drawn by horses, mules or oxen. It was designed to help keep its contents from moving about when in motion and to aid it in crossing rivers and streams, though it sometimes leaked unless caulked.

The term "Conestoga wagon" refers specifically to this type of vehicle; it is not a generic term for "covered wagon". The wagons used in the westward expansion of the United States were, for the most part, ordinary farm wagons fitted with canvas covers.[3]

History[edit]

The first known mention of a "Conestoga wagon" was by James Logan on December 31, 1717 in his accounting log after purchasing it from James Hendricks.[4] It was named after the "Conestoga River" or "Conestoga Township" in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and thought to have been introduced by Mennonite German settlers.[5] The Brethren of Lancaster County, an off-shoot sect of the Mennonites, said that there was a local Native American tribe called the Conestoga.

In colonial times the Conestoga wagon was popular for migration southward through the Great Appalachian Valley along the Great Wagon Road. After the American Revolution it was used to open up commerce to Pittsburgh and Ohio. In 1820 rates charged were roughly one dollar per 100 pounds per 100 miles, with speeds about 15 mi (24 km) per day. The Conestoga, often in long wagon trains, was the primary overland cargo vehicle over the Appalachian Mountains until the development of the railroad. The wagon was pulled by a team of up to eight horses or up to a dozen oxen. For this purpose, the Conestoga horse, a special breed of medium to heavy draft horses, was developed.[6]

In Canada, the Conestoga wagons were used by Pennsylvania German migrants who left the United States for Southern Ontario, settling various communities in Niagara Region, Kitchener-Waterloo area and York Region (mostly in Markham, Ontario and Stouffville, Ontario).[7]

Construction[edit]

The Conestoga wagon was built with its floor curved upward to prevent the contents from tipping and shifting. Including its tongue, the average Conestoga wagon was 18 feet long, 11 feet high, and 4 feet in width. It could carry up to 12,000 pounds (5,400 kg)[8] of cargo. The seams in the body of the wagon were stuffed with tar to protect them from leaking while crossing rivers. Also for protection against bad weather, stretched across the wagon was a tough, white canvas cover. The frame and suspension were made of wood, and the wheels were often iron-rimmed for greater durability. Water barrels were built on the side of the wagon, and toolboxes held tools needed for repair. Also, the feed box on the back of the wagon was used to feed the horses.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Conestoga wagon". Enyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  2. ^ "Conestoga wagon". About.com 19th Century History. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  3. ^ Stewart, George R. (1962). "The Prairie Schooner Got Them There". American Heritage Magazine 13 (2). 
  4. ^ "Conestoga Wagon Historical Marker". ExplorePAhistory.com. 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  5. ^ "Wayne Works". CoachBuilt. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  6. ^ "Conestoga Horse". The Equinest. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  7. ^ "Conestoga Wagon". - The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  8. ^ "The Conestoga Wagon". Colonial Sense. Retrieved April 23, 2014.

External links[edit]

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