1
Conestoga Wagon History
Conestoga Wagon History
DATE: 2012/04/30::
2
Building the Conestoga Wagon A
Building the Conestoga Wagon A
DATE: 2013/10/01::
3
Conestoga Wagon Time-Lapse
Conestoga Wagon Time-Lapse
DATE: 2012/09/26::
4
06-26-10 Conestoga Wagon by Sherman Francisco
06-26-10 Conestoga Wagon by Sherman Francisco
DATE: 2011/03/08::
5
Grand Tetons Covered Wagon Train with Hidden Trails
Grand Tetons Covered Wagon Train with Hidden Trails
DATE: 2007/11/13::
6
Pioneer Wagon
Pioneer Wagon
DATE: 2011/06/20::
7
WPMT: History Spot, Conestoga Wagon
WPMT: History Spot, Conestoga Wagon
DATE: 2010/06/29::
8
Building the Conestoga Wagon C
Building the Conestoga Wagon C
DATE: 2013/10/02::
9
RDSN: FB - Dickinson v. F&M, Battle for the Conestoga Wagon 2014
RDSN: FB - Dickinson v. F&M, Battle for the Conestoga Wagon 2014
DATE: 2014/10/05::
10
Building the Conestoga Wagon E
Building the Conestoga Wagon E
DATE: 2013/10/06::
11
Unboxing The Model Trailways Conestoga Wagon
Unboxing The Model Trailways Conestoga Wagon
DATE: 2012/02/23::
12
Make a Conestoga Wagon!
Make a Conestoga Wagon!
DATE: 2014/01/28::
13
Unboxing The Model Trailways Conestoga Wagon V2
Unboxing The Model Trailways Conestoga Wagon V2
DATE: 2012/03/16::
14
Conestoga - Wagon Wheel - Darius Rucker Cover
Conestoga - Wagon Wheel - Darius Rucker Cover
DATE: 2013/06/28::
15
Minecraft Conestoga Wagon Tutorial
Minecraft Conestoga Wagon Tutorial
DATE: 2013/07/27::
16
Minecraft Conestoga Wagon Video Project - Large
Minecraft Conestoga Wagon Video Project - Large
DATE: 2013/03/20::
17
Drawing Education : How to Draw a Conestoga Wagon for Kids
Drawing Education : How to Draw a Conestoga Wagon for Kids
DATE: 2012/04/27::
18
CONESTOGA WAGON
CONESTOGA WAGON
DATE: 2015/02/16::
19
Luray Caverns - Conestoga Wagon (Commercial)
Luray Caverns - Conestoga Wagon (Commercial)
DATE: 2011/04/07::
20
Building the Conestoga Wagon B
Building the Conestoga Wagon B
DATE: 2013/10/02::
21
RDSN: FB - Cedric Madden 3 TD, Conestoga Wagon 2014
RDSN: FB - Cedric Madden 3 TD, Conestoga Wagon 2014
DATE: 2014/10/06::
22
Luray Caverns - Conestoga Wagon
Luray Caverns - Conestoga Wagon
DATE: 2011/02/01::
23
Gypsy Dance,Conestoga wagon
Gypsy Dance,Conestoga wagon
DATE: 2011/09/23::
24
Conestoga wagon i made for shannon holds 3 yards of saw dust for the horses
Conestoga wagon i made for shannon holds 3 yards of saw dust for the horses
DATE: 2013/02/18::
25
1800
1800's CONESTOGA COVERED WAGON
DATE: 2010/06/17::
26
Kevin
Kevin's Conestoga Wagon Update 9 November 2014
DATE: 2014/11/10::
27
Conestoga Wagon Model Kit From Model Expo
Conestoga Wagon Model Kit From Model Expo
DATE: 2010/04/16::
28
Building the Conestoga Wagon D
Building the Conestoga Wagon D
DATE: 2013/10/03::
29
Conestoga wagon i made for shannon holds 3 yards of saw dust for the horses
Conestoga wagon i made for shannon holds 3 yards of saw dust for the horses
DATE: 2013/02/18::
30
How-To Build A Wooden Conestoga Wagon
How-To Build A Wooden Conestoga Wagon
DATE: 2015/05/08::
31
1955 Studebaker Conestoga Station Wagon
1955 Studebaker Conestoga Station Wagon
DATE: 2011/04/16::
32
Conestoga Wagon Simulator
Conestoga Wagon Simulator
DATE: 2010/08/05::
33
How-To Build A Small Conestoga Wagon
How-To Build A Small Conestoga Wagon
DATE: 2014/08/02::
34
Conestoga Wagon
Conestoga Wagon
DATE: 2007/09/08::
35
Conestoga Wagon
Conestoga Wagon
DATE: 2015/05/07::
36
Conestoga wagon Meaning
Conestoga wagon Meaning
DATE: 2015/04/30::
37
What does Conestoga wagon mean?
What does Conestoga wagon mean?
DATE: 2015/02/16::
38
How-To Build A Wooden Conestoga Wagon
How-To Build A Wooden Conestoga Wagon
DATE: 2014/08/02::
39
City Barbeque and Conestoga Wagon
City Barbeque and Conestoga Wagon
DATE: 2010/04/15::
40
Disneyland circa 1958 home movie- Conestoga Wagons, etc
Disneyland circa 1958 home movie- Conestoga Wagons, etc
DATE: 2009/01/19::
41
Conestoga Wagon Wood Crafts
Conestoga Wagon Wood Crafts
DATE: 2014/08/02::
42
Home Movie 05 - Plastic Conestoga Wagon
Home Movie 05 - Plastic Conestoga Wagon
DATE: 2010/11/03::
43
Conestoga Wagon TimeLapse
Conestoga Wagon TimeLapse
DATE: 2014/04/28::
44
Conestoga Wagons Ride at Disneyland
Conestoga Wagons Ride at Disneyland
DATE: 2007/08/03::
45
How-To Draw A Conestoga Wagon For Kids
How-To Draw A Conestoga Wagon For Kids
DATE: 2015/05/10::
46
Maya 2014 tutorial : How to model a Conestoga 1840 part 2/3
Maya 2014 tutorial : How to model a Conestoga 1840 part 2/3
DATE: 2014/09/02::
47
Conestoga "Crazy Wagon or Rainbow" at Lake Winnepesaukah "Lake Winnie". August 2, 2013.
Conestoga "Crazy Wagon or Rainbow" at Lake Winnepesaukah "Lake Winnie". August 2, 2013.
DATE: 2013/08/05::
48
Maya 2014 tutorial : How to model a Conestoga 1840 part 1/3
Maya 2014 tutorial : How to model a Conestoga 1840 part 1/3
DATE: 2014/09/02::
49
MAXclass, Build Yer Wagon For the Oregon Trail!
MAXclass, Build Yer Wagon For the Oregon Trail!
DATE: 2013/09/14::
50
RDSN: FB - Dickinson v. F&M, Wagon Week 2014
RDSN: FB - Dickinson v. F&M, Wagon Week 2014
DATE: 2014/10/03::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Painting depicting a Conestoga wagon. Note the severe angles at either end and the curved center, characteristics of the large Conestoga compared to other varieties of covered wagon.
A Conestoga style US Army cargo wagon on display at the U.S. Army Transportation Museum

The Conestoga wagon is a heavy, covered wagon that was used extensively during the late eighteenth century and the nineteenth century in the United States and Canada. It was large enough to transport loads up to 6 tons[1][2] (5.4 metric tons), and was drawn by horses, mules or oxen. It was designed to help keep its contents from moving about when in motion and to aid it in crossing rivers and streams, though it sometimes leaked unless caulked.

The term "Conestoga wagon" refers specifically to this type of vehicle; it is not a generic term for "covered wagon". The wagons used in the westward expansion of the United States were, for the most part, ordinary farm wagons fitted with canvas covers.[3]

History[edit]

The first known mention of a "Conestoga wagon" was by James Logan on December 31, 1717 in his accounting log after purchasing it from James Hendricks.[4] It was named after the "Conestoga River" or "Conestoga Township" in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and thought to have been introduced by Mennonite German settlers.[5] The Brethren of Lancaster County, an off-shoot sect of the Mennonites, said that there was a local Native American tribe called the Conestoga.

In colonial times the Conestoga wagon was popular for migration southward through the Great Appalachian Valley along the Great Wagon Road. After the American Revolution it was used to open up commerce to Pittsburgh and Ohio. In 1820 rates charged were roughly one dollar per 100 pounds per 100 miles, with speeds about 15 mi (24 km) per day. The Conestoga, often in long wagon trains, was the primary overland cargo vehicle over the Appalachian Mountains until the development of the railroad. The wagon was pulled by a team of up to eight horses or a dozen oxen. In Canada, the Conestoga wagons were used by Pennsylvania German migrants who left the United States for Southern Ontario, settling various communities in Niagara Region, Kitchener-Waterloo area and York Region (mostly in Markham, Ontario and Stouffville, Ontario).[6]

Conestoga draft horse[edit]

For pulling the heavy freight wagons the Conestoga horse, a special breed of medium to heavy draft horses, was developed.[7] The Conestoga was never an established breed from any specific species, and they could be of several different colors. The beginnings were from the same Conestoga Valley as the wagon being Lancaster County. The horses were not bred by any scientific method but by necessity

Samuel Gist, a prominent landowner, slave owner, banker, as well as a partner with George Washington, contributed to the eventual breeding of what became known as the Conestoga. Gist became famous by founding the Gist settlements, including one southwest of Leesburg, Ohio, and freeing his slaves through his will after dying. The lineage of the Conestoga is not clear and there is more than one possibility. In 1774 there were 50 English stallions and 30 mares imported into Virginia. These either came from Byerley Turk, the Darley Arabian, or the Godolphin Arabian. Gist imported a Darley Arabian stud named Bulle Rock from England in 1732. Breeding this horse and descendants with Virginia mares led to larger size horses. These mares, bred with studs of Flemish ancestry, were reportedly brought to the United States by William Penn, but this has been asserted as lore.[8]

The demise of the Conestoga was predicted in 1864, relegated to oblivion by "modern inventions and recent innovations", through a Congressional printing and historical contribution by John Strohm. A few miles south of Conestoga, in Martic, Pennsylvania, a John Eshelman own a sleek solid black Conestoga pictured as plate XXIV in the publication.[9]

Construction[edit]

A Conestoga-style covered wagon on display at the Cole Land Transportation Museum in Bangor, Maine

The Conestoga wagon was built with its floor curved upward to prevent the contents from tipping and shifting. Including its tongue, the average Conestoga wagon was 18 feet long, 11 feet high, and 4 feet in width. It could carry up to 12,000 pounds (5,400 kg)[10] of cargo. The seams in the body of the wagon were stuffed with tar to protect them from leaking while crossing rivers. Also for protection against bad weather, stretched across the wagon was a tough, white canvas cover. The frame and suspension were made of wood, and the wheels were often iron-rimmed for greater durability. Water barrels were built on the side of the wagon, toolboxes held tools needed for repair, and a feed box on the back of the wagon was used to feed the horses. The early freight wagon was not intended to be ridden upon. The wagon had a brake handle on the left side between the two wheels and a teamster either walked beside the wagon or could ride standing (and could sit for a rough ride) on a pull-out board, called a lazy board, that provided access to the brake handle. The left horse near the wagon was referred to as the wheel horse and was sometimes ridden. The Conestoga wagon began the custom of "driving" on the right-hand side of the road.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Conestoga wagon". Enyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  2. ^ "Conestoga wagon". About.com 19th Century History. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  3. ^ Stewart, George R. (1962). "The Prairie Schooner Got Them There". American Heritage Magazine 13 (2). 
  4. ^ "Conestoga Wagon Historical Marker". ExplorePAhistory.com. 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  5. ^ "Wayne Works". CoachBuilt. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  6. ^ "Conestoga Wagon". - The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  7. ^ "Conestoga Horse". The Equinest. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  8. ^ Gill, Harold B., Jr. (2015). "A Sport Only for Gentlemen". e-newsletter. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Retrieved April 5, 2015. 
  9. ^ Strohm, John (1864). "United States Congressional serial set, Volume 1196". Congressional printing (historical). Government Printing Office. pp. 175–180 (Volume 1196). Retrieved April 5, 2015. 
  10. ^ "The Conestoga Wagon". Colonial Sense. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  11. ^ Dutson, Judith (May 7, 2012). "Storey's Illustrated Guide to 96 Horse Breeds of North America". Storey Publishing. pp. 20–22. Retrieved April 5, 2015. 

External links[edit]

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