Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
East vs. West: Mapping Cleveland, The Western Reserve, and the Midwest
East vs. West: Mapping Cleveland, The Western Reserve, and the Midwest
Published: 2012/08/20
Channel: Western Reserve Historical Society
The Ballad of Western Reserve, sung by (a puppet of) Ohio
The Ballad of Western Reserve, sung by (a puppet of) Ohio
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: cleveland.com
How to make a Western Reserve Pierogi
How to make a Western Reserve Pierogi
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: cleveland.com
6 26 16 Western Reserve
6 26 16 Western Reserve
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: 46KPS
Senior Movie Western Reserve 2017
Senior Movie Western Reserve 2017
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: TAYLOR GOOD
Shane Rapose #828 Western Reserve Pro Day 2013
Shane Rapose #828 Western Reserve Pro Day 2013
Published: 2013/10/01
Channel: Michael Vizer
Western Reserve 4/23/17
Western Reserve 4/23/17
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Dawson Dias
Mike McDade Western Reserve Pro Day 2013 GoPro
Mike McDade Western Reserve Pro Day 2013 GoPro
Published: 2013/10/01
Channel: Michael Vizer
Milan Edison 7th Grade vs. Western Reserve 2017
Milan Edison 7th Grade vs. Western Reserve 2017
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Matt Ehrhardt
Take a Student Guided Tour of Western Reserve Academy!
Take a Student Guided Tour of Western Reserve Academy!
Published: 2010/08/12
Channel: BoardingSchools
Painters of Western Reserve Video
Painters of Western Reserve Video
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Ronald Strah
western reserve 125 moto1 4/23/17
western reserve 125 moto1 4/23/17
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: daniel sharpe
Western Reserve 9-3-17
Western Reserve 9-3-17
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: J Kent Sweezey
Western Reserve Academy football team prepares for 2015 season at Huntington Beach
Western Reserve Academy football team prepares for 2015 season at Huntington Beach
Published: 2015/08/27
Channel: cleveland.com
Western Reserve pulls out 43-33 win vs. Steubenville CC
Western Reserve pulls out 43-33 win vs. Steubenville CC
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: WKBN27
Western Reserve Scourge at Ohio Broncos
Western Reserve Scourge at Ohio Broncos
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Western Reserve Broadcasting
High School Basketball:  McDonald vs. Western Reserve 1-13-17
High School Basketball: McDonald vs. Western Reserve 1-13-17
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: ArmstrongOneWire
Western Reserve Scourge at Strabane Spartans  24 June 17
Western Reserve Scourge at Strabane Spartans 24 June 17
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: Western Reserve Broadcasting
Western Reserve Mx 2015 ft. Tanner Ritchie
Western Reserve Mx 2015 ft. Tanner Ritchie
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: Evan Laughlin
Western Reserve Touchdown
Western Reserve Touchdown
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: WKBN27
Western Reserve Football: New conference, same high expectations
Western Reserve Football: New conference, same high expectations
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: WKBN27
Peter Barba OBC Mixtape [Western Reserve Academy c/o 2015]
Peter Barba OBC Mixtape [Western Reserve Academy c/o 2015]
Published: 2013/07/23
Channel: NextUpRecruits
Anthracite Western Reserve
Anthracite Western Reserve
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: BRAAPPTORRR
Western Reserve GP 2012
Western Reserve GP 2012
Published: 2012/11/13
Channel: Chris Hudak
Armstrong Local Programming: Western Reserve vs. South Range
Armstrong Local Programming: Western Reserve vs. South Range
Published: 2014/09/18
Channel: ArmstrongOneWire
My trip to Ohio Western Reserve for my dad
My trip to Ohio Western Reserve for my dad's belated Birthday!!!
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Anjanette Potter
First Visit to Gardens of Western Reserve
First Visit to Gardens of Western Reserve
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: WPSL Ambassadors
Western Reserve main 4/25/15
Western Reserve main 4/25/15
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: euphonist draco
1989 Mingo High School vs Berlin Western Reserve
1989 Mingo High School vs Berlin Western Reserve
Published: 2012/02/07
Channel: MingoPride
Herb Haller Western Reserve Academy
Herb Haller Western Reserve Academy
Published: 2012/11/30
Channel: Islandstats
Western Reserve
Western Reserve
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: 15YamahaMan15
Western Reserve 4
Western Reserve 4
Published: 2016/10/16
Channel: Brian Koscho
Western Reserve routs Columbiana on opening night
Western Reserve routs Columbiana on opening night
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: WKBN27
Western Reserve Historical Society focus on immigrants
Western Reserve Historical Society focus on immigrants
Published: 2012/04/04
Channel: Dan Hanson
Western Reserve Scourge at NEO Silverbacks
Western Reserve Scourge at NEO Silverbacks
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: Western Reserve Broadcasting
North Hall Western Reserve Academy
North Hall Western Reserve Academy
Published: 2013/10/19
Channel: Charles Pearlman
Western Reserve Academy in a Minute
Western Reserve Academy in a Minute
Published: 2013/01/19
Channel: Azziz Qadri
Western Reserve Blue Devils vs Norwalk St Paul 2013
Western Reserve Blue Devils vs Norwalk St Paul 2013
Published: 2013/11/25
Channel: daneen mvadj
Semi flips, blocking part of Western Reserve during rush hour
Semi flips, blocking part of Western Reserve during rush hour
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: WKBN27
Western Reserve Blue Devils vs Norwalk 2013
Western Reserve Blue Devils vs Norwalk 2013
Published: 2013/11/28
Channel: daneen mvadj
Western  Reserve  Blue Devils named iHeartMedia Youngstown Team of the Week
Western Reserve Blue Devils named iHeartMedia Youngstown Team of the Week
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: Thomas John
Western Reserve Youth Football
Western Reserve Youth Football
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: Jennifer Charlton-Dennis
Western Reserve
Western Reserve
Published: 2011/08/22
Channel: Tribune Chronicle
Western Reserve Historical Society
Western Reserve Historical Society
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: ThisisCLE
Iron City Legends at Western Reserve Scourge  8 July 17
Iron City Legends at Western Reserve Scourge 8 July 17
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: Western Reserve Broadcasting
western reserve 4/23/17 250c moto 2
western reserve 4/23/17 250c moto 2
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: daniel sharpe
Mathews vs. Western Reserve 2006
Mathews vs. Western Reserve 2006
Published: 2007/04/01
Channel: Mathews99
Western Reserve Practice 1
Western Reserve Practice 1
Published: 2013/04/30
Channel: Andy Rovito
Western Reserve - Extras 2
Western Reserve - Extras 2
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: Brian Koscho
2014 Western Reserve Academy Commencement Speaker, Dr. Menna Demessie
2014 Western Reserve Academy Commencement Speaker, Dr. Menna Demessie
Published: 2014/10/23
Channel: Menna Demessie
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Connecticut's land claims in the West

The Connecticut Western Reserve was a portion of land claimed by the Colony of Connecticut and later by the state of Connecticut in what is now mostly the northeastern region of Ohio. The Reserve had been granted to the Colony by King Charles II.[1] Connecticut relinquished claim to some of its western lands in 1786 following the American Revolutionary War and preceding the 1787 establishment of the Northwest Territory. However, despite ceding sovereignty to the United States, Connecticut retained ownership of the eastern portion of its cession—south of Lake Erie—selling much of this "Western Reserve" to a group of speculators who operated as the Connecticut Land Company.[2] The phrase Western Reserve is preserved in numerous institutional names in Ohio, such as Western Reserve Academy and Case Western Reserve University.

Location[edit]

The Reserve encompassed all of the following Ohio counties: Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Erie and Huron (see Firelands), Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, Trumbull; and portions of Ashland, Mahoning, Ottawa, Summit, and Wayne.[3][4]

History[edit]

Map of the Western Reserve in 1826

Connecticut was forced to surrender the Pennsylvania portion (Westmoreland County) of its sea-to-sea land grant following the Yankee-Pennamite Wars and the intercession of the federal government. Nevertheless, the state held fast to its claim on the lands between the 41st and 42nd-and-2-minutes parallels that lay west of the Pennsylvania border.

The claim within Ohio was for a 120-mile (190 km)-wide strip between Lake Erie and a line just south of present-day Youngstown, Akron, New London, and Willard, about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of present-day U.S. Highway 224. The claim beyond Ohio included parts of Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, and California. The east boundary of the reserve follows a true meridian along Ellicott's Line, the boundary with Pennsylvania. The west boundary veers more than four degrees from a meridian to maintain the 120-mile width, due to convergence.[2]

Connecticut gave up western land claims following the American Revolutionary War in exchange for federal assumption of its debt, as did several other states. From these concessions, the old Northwest Territory was organized, earlier known as the "Territory Northwest of the River Ohio". The deed of cession was issued on 13 September 1786.

Connecticut retained 3,366,921 acres (13,625.45 km2) in Ohio which became the "Western Reserve".[2][5] The state sold the Western Reserve to the Connecticut Land Company in 1796 (or possibly 12 August,[6] 2 September,[2] or 5 September 1795[5]) for $1,200,000.[2][5][6] The Land Company were a group of investors who were mostly from Suffield, Connecticut. There were initially eight in the group (or possibly 7[2][6] or 35[5]), and they planned to divide the land and sell it to settlers from the east, particularly younger men from New England.

But the Indian title to the Reserve had not been extinguished. Clear title was obtained east of the Cuyahoga River by the Greenville Treaty in 1795[7] and west of the river in the Treaty of Fort Industry in 1805.[8] The western end of the reserve included the Firelands or "Sufferers Lands," 500,000 acres (2,000 km2) reserved for residents of several New England towns which had been destroyed by British-set fires during the Revolutionary War.

The next year, the Land Company sent surveyors led by Moses Cleaveland to the Reserve to divide the land into square townships, 5 miles (8.0 km) on each side (25 square miles (65 km2).[9] Cleaveland's team also founded the city of Cleveland, which became the largest city in the region. (The first "a" was dropped by a printer early in the settlement's existence, as Cleveland takes less space on a printed page than Cleaveland.)

The territory was originally named "New Connecticut" (later discarded in favor of "Western Reserve") and settlers began to trickle in over the next few years. Youngstown was founded in 1796, Warren in 1798, Hudson in 1799, Ravenna also in 1799, Ashtabula in 1803, and Stow in 1804.

Connecticut finally ceded sovereignty over the Western Reserve in 1800. The United States absorbed it into the Northwest Territory, which organized Trumbull County in the boundaries of the Reserve. Warren is the former county seat of the Reserve and identifies itself as "the historical capital of the Western Reserve." Later, several more counties were carved out of the territory. The name "Western Reserve" survives in the area in various institutions such as the "Western Reserve Historical Society" and Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio.

This area of Ohio became a center of resource development and industrialization through the mid-20th century. It was a center of the steel industry, receiving iron ore shipped from Minnesota and shipping Great Lakes products to the east. Railroads took over some of the transportation from the lake ships. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, these cities attracted hundreds of thousands of European immigrants and migrants (both black and white) from the rural South to its industrial jobs.

Seeking Heritage Area designation[edit]

At the request of Congress in 2011, the National Park Service prepared a feasibility study for declaring the 14-county region of the Western Reserve as a National Heritage Area. This is a means to encourage broad-based preservation of such historical sites and buildings which are related to a large historical theme. Such assessment and designation has been significant for recognizing assets, and encouraging new development and businesses, including heritage tourism, often related to adaptive re-use of waterways, and buildings, as well as totally new endeavors. 49 National Heritage Areas have been designated in the United States, including two in Ohio: the Ohio Canal of the Ohio and Erie Canal and the National Aviation Heritage Area. The NPS study coordinator said that while the region had the historic assets, and there was considerable public support for such a designation, the Western Reserve lacked "a definitive coordinating entity or supporting group," which is required to gain Congressional approval.[10] If such a body developed in the future, federal designation might be sought.

Architecture[edit]

The settlers in northern Ohio repeated the style of structures and the development of towns with which they were familiar in New England; many buildings in the new settlements were designed in the Georgian, Federal, and Greek Revival styles. Towns such as Aurora, Bath, Canfield, Chagrin Falls, Gates Mills, Hudson, Medina, Milan, Norwalk, Oberlin, Painesville, Poland, and Tallmadge exemplify the expression of these styles and traditional New England town planning. For instance, Cleveland's public square reflects the traditional New England central town green.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ What is the Western Reserve. Cleveland.about.com (2013-07-13). Retrieved on 2013-07-24.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Knepper, George W (2002). The Official Ohio Lands Book (PDF). Auditor of the State of Ohio. pp. 23–26. 
  3. ^ "Western Reserve History". Fiscalofficer.cuyahogacounty.us. Retrieved 2014-01-14. 
  4. ^ "Finding aid for the Ashland and Wayne County, Ohio Deeds". Ead.ohiolink.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-14. 
  5. ^ a b c d Upton, Harriet Taylor (1910). Cutler, Harry Gardner, ed. History of the Western Reserve. 1. New York: Lewis Publishing Company. pp. 10–11. 
  6. ^ a b c Peters, William E. (1918). Ohio Lands and Their Subdivision. W.E. Peters. p. 153. 
  7. ^ Stat. 49 - Text of Treaty of Greenville Library of Congress
  8. ^ Stat. 87 - Text of Treaty of Fort Industry Library of Congress
  9. ^ Elsewhere in Ohio, most townships are 6 miles (9.7 km) on each side (36 square miles (93 km2)), following the guidelines of the US Land Ordinance of 1785.
  10. ^ "Western Reserve loses bid as heritage area", Akron Beacon Journal, June 18, 2011, retrieved November 29, 2012

Further reading[edit]

Connecticut State Library (CSL) collection[edit]

  • The Public Records of the State of Connecticut [HistRef ConnDoc G25 1776-]. This multi-volume set contains the record of transactions of the Connecticut General Assembly. Each volume covers a given time period and has an index. Researchers interested in the Western Lands should consult these volumes to gain knowledge of the legislative actions and petitions granted by the Connecticut General Assembly.
  • Burke, Thomas Aquinas. Ohio Lands: A Short History. [Columbus, OH]: Auditor of State, c1997 [CSL call number HistRef HD 243 .O3 B87 1997].
  • Cherry, Peter Peterson. The Western Reserve and Early Ohio. Akron, OH: R. L. Fouse, 1921 [CSL call number F 495 .C52].
  • Fedor, Ferenz. The Yankee Migration to the Firelands. s.l.: Fedor, 1976? [CSL call number F 497 .W5 F43 1976].
  • Mathews, Alfred. Ohio and Her Western Reserve, With a Story of Three States Leading to the Latter, From Connecticut, by Way of Wyoming, Its Indian Wars and Massacre. New York: D. Appleton, 1902 [CSL call number F 491 .M42].
  • Mills, William Stowell. The Story of the Western Reserve of Connecticut. New York: Printed for the author by Brown & Wilson Press [ca. 1900] [CSL call number F 497 .W5 M6].
  • Peters, William E. Ohio Lands and Their Subdivision. Athens, OH: W. E. Peters, 1918 [CSL call number F 497 .W5 P47 1918].
  • Rice, Harvey. Pioneers of the Western Reserve. Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1883 [CSL call number: F 497 .W5 R5 1883].
  • Upton, Harriet Taylor. History of the Western Reserve. Chicago: Lewis Pub. Co., 1910 [CSL call number: F 497 .W5 U7]. Volume 1, online Volume 2, online
  • Wickham, Gertrude Van Rensselaer. Memorial to the Pioneer Women of the Western Reserve. [s.l.]: Whipporwill, [197- ] [CSL call number F 497 .W5 W63 1970z].

Internet Archive[edit]

Special topics[edit]

Church history[edit]

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license