Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
East vs. West: Mapping Cleveland, The Western Reserve, and the Midwest
East vs. West: Mapping Cleveland, The Western Reserve, and the Midwest
Published: 2012/08/20
Channel: Cleveland History Center
Western Reserve Historical Society New Exhibit
Western Reserve Historical Society New Exhibit
Published: 2018/01/12
Channel: Fox 8 News Cleveland
Western Reserve Historical Society New Exhibit
Western Reserve Historical Society New Exhibit
Published: 2018/01/12
Channel: Fox 8 News Cleveland
Western Reserve Historical Society New Exhibit
Western Reserve Historical Society New Exhibit
Published: 2018/01/12
Channel: Fox 8 News Cleveland
Western Reserve Historical Society New Exhibit
Western Reserve Historical Society New Exhibit
Published: 2018/01/12
Channel: Fox 8 News Cleveland
Western Reserve Historical Society New Exhibit
Western Reserve Historical Society New Exhibit
Published: 2018/01/12
Channel: Fox 8 News Cleveland
How to make a Western Reserve Pierogi
How to make a Western Reserve Pierogi
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: cleveland.com
Western Reserve District
Western Reserve District
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: EastOhioUMC
Painters of Western Reserve Video
Painters of Western Reserve Video
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Ronald Strah
GOLDEN OPPORTUNITIES April 12, 2015 - Western Reserve Historical Society - show #743
GOLDEN OPPORTUNITIES April 12, 2015 - Western Reserve Historical Society - show #743
Published: 2015/04/12
Channel: Golden Opportunities
Golden Opportunities Western Reserve Historical Society 11/26/17 Show #867
Golden Opportunities Western Reserve Historical Society 11/26/17 Show #867
Published: 2017/11/27
Channel: Golden Opportunities
Western Reserve
Western Reserve
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: 15YamahaMan15
A Pictorial History of the Western Reserve 1796 1860 Early Settlers Association of the Western Reser
A Pictorial History of the Western Reserve 1796 1860 Early Settlers Association of the Western Reser
Published: 2016/01/30
Channel: Sheeran
After the Western Reserve The Ohio Fiction of Jessie Brown Pounds
After the Western Reserve The Ohio Fiction of Jessie Brown Pounds
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: Renske de Bruijn
Golden Opportunities Western Reserve Historical Society 6/18/17 show #846
Golden Opportunities Western Reserve Historical Society 6/18/17 show #846
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: Golden Opportunities
Western Reserve Football: New conference, same high expectations
Western Reserve Football: New conference, same high expectations
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: WKBN27
The Western Reserve - Episode 2
The Western Reserve - Episode 2
Published: 2016/08/15
Channel: Brian Koscho
2004 Huron vs Western Reserve
2004 Huron vs Western Reserve
Published: 2017/12/17
Channel: Huron Tigers
Western Reserve Touchdown
Western Reserve Touchdown
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: WKBN27
Protect Western Reserve
Protect Western Reserve
Published: 2015/09/17
Channel: Jon Thomas Consulting
Ravenna, Ohio tour 44266         (404,982 out of 1,000,000 views)
Ravenna, Ohio tour 44266 (404,982 out of 1,000,000 views)
Published: 2018/01/28
Channel: Guy Daniels
NOMADS - Surveying The Western Reserve
NOMADS - Surveying The Western Reserve
Published: 2013/01/15
Channel: r4mmsteinnn
Murphy
Murphy's dance at Western Reserve Historical society
Published: 2015/12/05
Channel: Lisa Clark
My trip to Ohio Western Reserve for my dad
My trip to Ohio Western Reserve for my dad's belated Birthday!!!
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Anjanette Potter
The Western Reserve Community Development Corporation WRCDC
The Western Reserve Community Development Corporation WRCDC
Published: 2018/01/31
Channel: Western Reserve Community Development Corporation
2015 Western Reserve Football Preview
2015 Western Reserve Football Preview
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: WKBN27
Plymouth vs Western Reserve
Plymouth vs Western Reserve
Published: 2015/03/24
Channel: Troy Taylor
Western Reserve at Linsly
Western Reserve at Linsly
Published: 2008/10/03
Channel: WhgNewspapers
Lowellville vs  Western Reserve, Jr  High BB, 1 31 15
Lowellville vs Western Reserve, Jr High BB, 1 31 15
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Joe Ballone
Salem Vs. Western Reserve 9th Grade Football  9-4-2014
Salem Vs. Western Reserve 9th Grade Football 9-4-2014
Published: 2014/09/07
Channel: David Cable
Preserving Twinsburg
Preserving Twinsburg's Past
Published: 2017/12/22
Channel: Dale Diersing
Western Reserve pulls out 43-33 win vs. Steubenville CC
Western Reserve pulls out 43-33 win vs. Steubenville CC
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: WKBN27
After the Western Reserve The Ohio Fiction of Jessie Brown Pounds
After the Western Reserve The Ohio Fiction of Jessie Brown Pounds
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: asrifa lukman
Golden Opportunities Western Reserve Historical Society 11/13/16 show #817
Golden Opportunities Western Reserve Historical Society 11/13/16 show #817
Published: 2016/11/13
Channel: Golden Opportunities
Blackhorse, Ohio tour Portage County  (417,024 out of 1,000,000 views)
Blackhorse, Ohio tour Portage County (417,024 out of 1,000,000 views)
Published: 2018/02/12
Channel: Guy Daniels
The Western Reserve Fire Museum and Education Center - "Saving History, Saving Lives"
The Western Reserve Fire Museum and Education Center - "Saving History, Saving Lives"
Published: 2013/01/26
Channel: Steve Bosso
Around Town- Ground Breaking and Western Reserve Historical Society
Around Town- Ground Breaking and Western Reserve Historical Society
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: TV20 Cleveland
Catcher in the Rye Trailer | Western Reserve Acedemy
Catcher in the Rye Trailer | Western Reserve Acedemy
Published: 2015/01/13
Channel: Morgan Waldeck
WHATS HAPPENING IN WESTERN RESERVE LOCAL SCHOOL SPORTS JUNE 8-2017
WHATS HAPPENING IN WESTERN RESERVE LOCAL SCHOOL SPORTS JUNE 8-2017
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: westernreservenews
Western Reserve OES Specialty 4-21-12
Western Reserve OES Specialty 4-21-12
Published: 2012/05/01
Channel: cparks57
Taste Western Reserve 2013
Taste Western Reserve 2013
Published: 2012/11/15
Channel: RotaryClubAurora
Struthers fends off Western Reserve
Struthers fends off Western Reserve
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: WKBN27
'16 OH Baseball Playoffs Cuyahoga Hts-Western Reserve
Published: 2016/05/29
Channel: OhioSportsNet1
Hospice of the Western Reserve
Hospice of the Western Reserve
Published: 2014/05/26
Channel: newdaycleveland
20th Anniversary Celebration!
20th Anniversary Celebration!
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: Brass Band of the Western Reserve
Niles 6th Vs Western Reserve pt.08
Niles 6th Vs Western Reserve pt.08
Published: 2011/02/07
Channel: Brian Hill
Niles 6th Vs Western Reserve pt.09
Niles 6th Vs Western Reserve pt.09
Published: 2011/02/07
Channel: Brian Hill
Niles 6th Vs Western Reserve - pt.02
Niles 6th Vs Western Reserve - pt.02
Published: 2011/02/07
Channel: Brian Hill
Aurora Ohio Historic District
Aurora Ohio Historic District
Published: 2009/09/06
Channel: Andrew King
2017 Bantam Vs Western Reserve Web
2017 Bantam Vs Western Reserve Web
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: Lakeview Little Bulldogs
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Connecticut's land claims in the West

The Connecticut Western Reserve was a portion of land claimed by the Colony of Connecticut and later by the state of Connecticut in what is now mostly the northeastern region of Ohio. The Reserve had been granted to the Colony under the terms of its charter by King Charles II.[1]

Connecticut relinquished claim to some of its western lands to the United States in 1786 following the American Revolutionary War and preceding the 1787 establishment of the Northwest Territory. Despite ceding sovereignty to the United States, Connecticut retained ownership of the eastern portion of its cession, south of Lake Erie. It sold much of this "Western Reserve" to a group of speculators who operated as the Connecticut Land Company; they sold it in portions for development by new settlers.[2] The phrase Western Reserve is preserved in numerous institutional names in Ohio, such as Western Reserve Academy and Case Western Reserve University.

Location[edit]

The Reserve encompassed all of the following Ohio counties: Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Erie and Huron (see Firelands), Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, Trumbull; and portions of Ashland, Mahoning, Ottawa, Summit, and Wayne.[3][4]

History[edit]

Map of the Western Reserve in 1826

After the American Revolutionary War, Connecticut was forced by the federal government to surrender the Pennsylvania portion (Westmoreland County) of its "sea-to-sea land grant" following the Yankee-Pennamite Wars. Nevertheless, the state held fast to its claim on the lands between the 41st and 42nd-and-2-minutes parallels that lay west of the Pennsylvania state border.

The claim within Ohio was for a 120-mile (190 km)-wide strip between Lake Erie and a line just south of present-day Youngstown, Akron, New London, and Willard, about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of present-day U.S. Highway 224. The claim beyond Ohio included parts of Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, and California. The eastern boundary of the reserve follows a true meridian along Ellicott's Line, the boundary with Pennsylvania. The western boundary veers more than four degrees from a meridian to maintain the 120-mile width, due to convergence.[2]

Connecticut gave up western land claims following the American Revolutionary War in exchange for federal assumption of its debt, as did several other states. From these concessions, the federal government organized the old Northwest Territory, earlier known as the "Territory Northwest of the River Ohio". The deed of cession was issued on 13 September 1786. As population increased in portions of the Northwest Territory, new states were organized and admitted to the Union in the early 19th century.

Connecticut retained 3,366,921 acres (13,625.45 km2) in Ohio, which became known as the "Western Reserve".[2][5] The state sold the Western Reserve to the Connecticut Land Company in 1796 (or possibly 12 August,[6] 2 September,[2] or 5 September 1795[5]) for $1,200,000.[2][5][6] The Land Company were a group of investors who were mostly from Suffield, Connecticut. The initial eight men in the group (or possibly seven[2][6] or 35[5]) planned to divide the land into homestead plots and sell it to settlers from the east. In particular, younger men from New England were migrating west in search of new lands, as that region was the most densely populated.

But the Indian titles to the Reserve had not been extinguished. Clear title was obtained east of the Cuyahoga River by the Greenville Treaty in 1795[7] and west of the river in the Treaty of Fort Industry in 1805.[8] The western end of the reserve included the Firelands or "Sufferers Lands," 500,000 acres (2,000 km2) reserved for residents of several New England towns which had been destroyed by British-set fires during the Revolutionary War.

The next year, the Land Company sent surveyors led by Moses Cleaveland to the Reserve to divide the land into square townships, 5 miles (8.0 km) on each side (25 square miles (65 km2).[9] Cleaveland's team also founded the city of Cleveland along Lake Erie, which became the largest city in the region. (The first "a" was dropped by a printer in the early years of the settlement, as Cleveland takes less space on a printed page than Cleaveland.)

The territory was originally named "New Connecticut" (later discarded in favor of "Western Reserve"), and settlers began to trickle in during the next few years. Youngstown was founded in 1796, Warren in 1798, Hudson in 1799, Ravenna also in 1799, Ashtabula in 1803, and Stow in 1804.

Connecticut finally ceded sovereignty over the Western Reserve in 1800. The United States absorbed it into the Northwest Territory, which organized Trumbull County within the boundaries of the Reserve. Warren, Ohio is the former county seat of the Reserve and identifies itself as "the historical capital of the Western Reserve." Later, several more counties were carved out of the territory. The name "Western Reserve" survives in the area in various institutions such as the "Western Reserve Historical Society" and Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio.

This area of Ohio became a center of resource development and industrialization through the mid-20th century. It was a center of the steel industry, receiving iron ore shipped through the Great Lakes from Minnesota, processing it into steel products, and shipping these products to the east. This industry stimulated the development of great freight lakers, as the steam ships were known, including the first steel ships in the 20th century. Railroads took over some of the freight and commodity transportation from the lake ships. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, these cities attracted hundreds of thousands of European immigrants and migrants (both black and white) from the rural South to its industrial jobs.

Seeking Heritage Area designation[edit]

At the request of Congress in 2011, the National Park Service prepared a feasibility study for declaring the 14-county region of the Western Reserve as a National Heritage Area. This is a means to encourage broad-based preservation of such historical sites and buildings that are related to a large historical theme. Such assessment and designation has been significant for recognizing assets, and encouraging new development and businesses, including heritage tourism, often related to adaptive re-use of waterways, and buildings, as well as totally new endeavors. 49 National Heritage Areas have been designated in the United States, including two in Ohio: the Ohio Canal of the Ohio and Erie Canal and the National Aviation Heritage Area.[10]

The NPS study coordinator said that while the region had the historic assets, and there was considerable public support for such a designation, the Western Reserve lacked "a definitive coordinating entity or supporting group," which is required to gain Congressional approval.[10] If such a body develops in the future, it might seek federal designation as a Heritage Area.

Architecture[edit]

The settlers in northern Ohio repeated the style of structures and the development of towns with which they were familiar in New England; many buildings in the new settlements were designed in the Georgian, Federal, and Greek Revival styles. Towns such as Aurora, Bath, Canfield, Chagrin Falls, Gates Mills, Hudson, Medina, Milan, Norwalk, Oberlin, Painesville, Poland, and Tallmadge exemplify the expression of these styles and traditional New England town planning. For instance, Cleveland's public square reflects the traditional New England central town green.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ What is the Western Reserve. Cleveland.about.com (2013-07-13). Retrieved on 2013-07-24.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Knepper, George W (2002). The Official Ohio Lands Book (PDF). Auditor of the State of Ohio. pp. 23–26. 
  3. ^ "Western Reserve History". Fiscalofficer.cuyahogacounty.us. Retrieved 2014-01-14. 
  4. ^ "Finding aid for the Ashland and Wayne County, Ohio Deeds". Ead.ohiolink.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-14. 
  5. ^ a b c d Upton, Harriet Taylor (1910). Cutler, Harry Gardner, ed. History of the Western Reserve. 1. New York: Lewis Publishing Company. pp. 10–11. 
  6. ^ a b c Peters, William E. (1918). Ohio Lands and Their Subdivision. W.E. Peters. p. 153. 
  7. ^ Stat. 49 - Text of Treaty of Greenville Library of Congress
  8. ^ Stat. 87 - Text of Treaty of Fort Industry Library of Congress
  9. ^ Elsewhere in Ohio, most townships are 6 miles (9.7 km) on each side (36 square miles (93 km2)), following the guidelines of the US Land Ordinance of 1785.
  10. ^ a b "Western Reserve loses bid as heritage area", Akron Beacon Journal, June 18, 2011, retrieved November 29, 2012

Further reading[edit]

Connecticut State Library (CSL) collection[edit]

  • The Public Records of the State of Connecticut [HistRef ConnDoc G25 1776-]. This multi-volume set contains the record of transactions of the Connecticut General Assembly. Each volume covers a given time period and has an index. Researchers interested in the Western Lands should consult these volumes to gain knowledge of the legislative actions and petitions granted by the Connecticut General Assembly.
  • Burke, Thomas Aquinas. Ohio Lands: A Short History. [Columbus, OH]: Auditor of State, c1997 [CSL call number HistRef HD 243 .O3 B87 1997].
  • Cherry, Peter Peterson. The Western Reserve and Early Ohio. Akron, OH: R. L. Fouse, 1921 [CSL call number F 495 .C52].
  • Fedor, Ferenz. The Yankee Migration to the Firelands. s.l.: Fedor, 1976? [CSL call number F 497 .W5 F43 1976].
  • Mathews, Alfred. Ohio and Her Western Reserve, With a Story of Three States Leading to the Latter, From Connecticut, by Way of Wyoming, Its Indian Wars and Massacre. New York: D. Appleton, 1902 [CSL call number F 491 .M42].
  • Mills, William Stowell. The Story of the Western Reserve of Connecticut. New York: Printed for the author by Brown & Wilson Press [ca. 1900] [CSL call number F 497 .W5 M6].
  • Peters, William E. Ohio Lands and Their Subdivision. Athens, OH: W. E. Peters, 1918 [CSL call number F 497 .W5 P47 1918].
  • Rice, Harvey. Pioneers of the Western Reserve. Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1883 [CSL call number: F 497 .W5 R5 1883].
  • Upton, Harriet Taylor. History of the Western Reserve. Chicago: Lewis Pub. Co., 1910 [CSL call number: F 497 .W5 U7]. Volume 1, online Volume 2, online
  • Wickham, Gertrude Van Rensselaer. Memorial to the Pioneer Women of the Western Reserve. [s.l.]: Whipporwill, [197- ] [CSL call number F 497 .W5 W63 1970z].

Internet Archive[edit]

Special topics[edit]

Church history[edit]

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license