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7 Facts about the Dominican Republic
7 Facts about the Dominican Republic
Published: 2016/08/06
Channel: Sebastian Ioan
Dominican Republic: Current constitution bans same-sex marriages
Dominican Republic: Current constitution bans same-sex marriages
Published: 2014/04/26
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Constitution Of The Dominican Republic
Constitution Of The Dominican Republic
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Channel: Wisenheimer
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PuntaCana Dominican Republic 2017 GOPRO
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Why Dominican Republic Hates Haiti
Why Dominican Republic Hates Haiti
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Channel: NowThis World
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Getting married in Dominican Republic
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Channel: STBtranslations
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Dominicans vs Haitians in Miami. Dominicans and Haitians protest march
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Antonio Duarte
Haiti-Dominican Republic border after expulsion of at least 350 Haitians after ethnic unrest in bord
Haiti-Dominican Republic border after expulsion of at least 350 Haitians after ethnic unrest in bord
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: AP Archive
Race and Racism in Latin America: The Caribbean - 24 Jul 08
Race and Racism in Latin America: The Caribbean - 24 Jul 08
Published: 2008/07/24
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Flag of the Dominican Republic
Flag of the Dominican Republic
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
Dominicans Support Donald Trump
Dominicans Support Donald Trump
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: drnewsnet
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Becoming visible
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: magsista
Dominican Republic - Unravel Travel TV
Dominican Republic - Unravel Travel TV
Published: 2013/08/05
Channel: Unravel Travel TV
A Light in the Dark: abortion in the Dominican Republic
A Light in the Dark: abortion in the Dominican Republic
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Helena Martínez de Aspe
Cloud of xenophobia grows in Dominican Republic | Journal
Cloud of xenophobia grows in Dominican Republic | Journal
Published: 2014/05/18
Channel: DW English
HAITI JOURNAL: Dominican Republic Human Rights Issue
HAITI JOURNAL: Dominican Republic Human Rights Issue
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: WPBT2 South Florida PBS
Living in the Dominican Republic (Part 4)
Living in the Dominican Republic (Part 4)
Published: 2017/10/16
Channel: Giamo Jackson Carter
The Destruction Of Dominican National Sovereignty
The Destruction Of Dominican National Sovereignty
Published: 2015/07/22
Channel: drnewsnet
Homosexuality and Happiness in Jimani, Dominican Republic
Homosexuality and Happiness in Jimani, Dominican Republic
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Diomys Diaz
A Haitian Halfway House for Deportees: Dominican Deadlock (Dispatch 4)
A Haitian Halfway House for Deportees: Dominican Deadlock (Dispatch 4)
Published: 2015/06/25
Channel: VICE News
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[Dominican Republic, Amber Cove] Episode #4 LuCkyBlog Season 8
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: Prince LuCky SBETV
The Haitian Revolution - Documentary (2009)
The Haitian Revolution - Documentary (2009)
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: TheBlackestPanther
Deportation fears rise as DomRep narrows definition of citizenship
Deportation fears rise as DomRep narrows definition of citizenship
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: AP Archive
Constitution Day
Constitution Day
Published: 2013/09/17
Channel: dominicanpenguins
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Dominican Republic to deport undocumented Haitians
Published: 2015/06/20
Channel: David Mercer
Haitian Revolutions: Crash Course World History #30
Haitian Revolutions: Crash Course World History #30
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: CrashCourse
In Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
In Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Published: 2017/11/04
Channel: Valentina's World Travel
US Soldiers of 82nd Airborne Leave Dominican Republic, June 1966 US Army, Operation Power Pack
US Soldiers of 82nd Airborne Leave Dominican Republic, June 1966 US Army, Operation Power Pack
Published: 2014/05/18
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Gay panic takes over the Dominican Congress
Gay panic takes over the Dominican Congress
Published: 2014/05/08
Channel: Blabbeando
HDCHR PROTEST AGAINST DOMINICAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT RULING
HDCHR PROTEST AGAINST DOMINICAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT RULING
Published: 2013/11/01
Channel: Valerio saint-louis
Dominican Participation in Fiesta DC 2013
Dominican Participation in Fiesta DC 2013
Published: 2013/09/23
Channel: DCiReporter
PROTEST IN MANHATTAN AGAINST DOMINICAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT RULING
PROTEST IN MANHATTAN AGAINST DOMINICAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT RULING
Published: 2013/10/28
Channel: Valerio saint-louis
4:3 Visiting Haitian President Preval comments on Duvalier
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Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
Naval Action Open World: Constitution #3 (Starting with the disadvantage)
Naval Action Open World: Constitution #3 (Starting with the disadvantage)
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: vmaq2detx
Dominican Restoration Day :) 160813
Dominican Restoration Day :) 160813
Published: 2013/09/29
Channel: sammcatch
Divided island: How Haiti and the DR became two worlds
Divided island: How Haiti and the DR became two worlds
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: Vox
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When a Kenyan and a Mexican Visit the D.R. ...
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: Hugocp net
Geography Now! DOMINICAN REPUBLIC (Flag Friday)
Geography Now! DOMINICAN REPUBLIC (Flag Friday)
Published: 2016/07/08
Channel: Geography Now
Condemning the Constitutional Tribual Ruling
Condemning the Constitutional Tribual Ruling
Published: 2013/09/30
Channel: Sherry Mazzocchi
Ashbrook Center Saturday Webinar - Making a Constitutional Republic
Ashbrook Center Saturday Webinar - Making a Constitutional Republic
Published: 2014/01/23
Channel: AshlandMAHG
Interview with journalist Jorge Pineda on elections in Dominican Republic
Interview with journalist Jorge Pineda on elections in Dominican Republic
Published: 2016/05/16
Channel: TRT World
Puerto Vallarta - Constitution Day
Puerto Vallarta - Constitution Day
Published: 2011/02/10
Channel: Dilip Madhrani
Da Urban Butterflies on The Constitutional Tribunal ruling
Da Urban Butterflies on The Constitutional Tribunal ruling
Published: 2013/09/29
Channel: Sherry Mazzocchi
Haiti and Dominican Republic: A Tale of Two Countries
Haiti and Dominican Republic: A Tale of Two Countries
Published: 2012/06/30
Channel: tregua24
Deeney, US Occupation of Dominican Republic
Deeney, US Occupation of Dominican Republic
Published: 2016/05/13
Channel: ItzJustMeBel
UN: Non Interference In Dominican Affairs
UN: Non Interference In Dominican Affairs
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: drnewsnet
James
James 'Wally' Brewster's message to the Dominican Republic
Published: 2013/11/29
Channel: peoplelikes alwaysONE
SHOCKING! - MILEY CYRUS BANNED from Dominican Republic Tour!
SHOCKING! - MILEY CYRUS BANNED from Dominican Republic Tour!
Published: 2014/08/24
Channel: Avidan
What a Friend (at Elias Pina, Dominican Republic)
What a Friend (at Elias Pina, Dominican Republic)
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: HolinessPilgrim
A chat with the filmmakers of Dominican Republic
A chat with the filmmakers of Dominican Republic's first art house film at Austin Film Festival
Published: 2014/12/20
Channel: Indie Film World
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Constitution of the Dominican Republic
Book cover of the Constitution of the Dominican Republic.jpg
Published in the Official Gazette No. 10805 of July 10, 2015
Author(s) Congress of the Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic has gone through 39 constitutions, more than any other country, since its independence in 1845.[1][2] This statistic is a somewhat deceiving indicator of political stability, however, because of the Dominican practice of promulgating a new constitution whenever an amendment was ratified. Although technically different from each other in some particular provisions, most new constitutions contained in reality only minor modifications of those previously in effect. Sweeping constitutional innovations were actually relatively rare.[3]

The large number of constitutions does, however, reflect a basic lack of consensus on the rules that should govern the national political life. Most Dominican governments felt compelled upon taking office to write new constitutions that changed the rules to fit their own wishes. Not only did successive governments often strenuously disagree with the policies and the programs of their predecessors, but they often rejected completely the institutional framework within which their predecessors had operated. Constitutionalism—loyalty to a stable set of governing principles and laws rather than to the person who promulgates them—became a matter of overriding importance in the Dominican Republic only after the death of Rafael Trujillo.[3]

Dominicans historically had agreed that government should be representative and vaguely democratic, that there should be civil and political rights, separation of powers, and checks and balances. Beyond that, however, consensus broke down. The country actually had been alternately dominated throughout its history by two constitutional traditions, one relatively democratic and the other authoritarian. Rarely were there attempts to bridge the gap between these diametric opposites.[3]

The present Constitution was proclaimed on June 13, 2015.[4] It is the same Constitution of January 26, 2010 except for the amendment made to Article 124 adopting the American system that allows the President to run for a second term.

Constitutions through Trujillo[edit]

The first Dominican constitution was promulgated on November 6, 1844, immediately after the nation achieved independence from Haiti. It was a liberal document with many familiar elements—separation of powers, checks and balances, and a long list of basic rights. However, an authoritarian government replaced the country's liberal, democratic government during its first year. The new regime proceeded to write its own constitution. This second constitution considerably strengthened the executive, weakened the legislative and the judicial branches, and gave the president widespread emergency powers, including the power to suspend basic rights and to rule by decree. Thereafter, governance of the country often alternated between liberal and authoritarian constitutional systems.[3]

Even the dictator Rafael Trujillo always took care to operate under the banner of constitutionalism. Under Trujillo, however, the legislature was simply a rubber stamp; the courts were not independent; and basic rights all but ceased to exist. He governed as a tyrant, unfettered by constitutional restrictions.[3]

Constitutions after Trujillo[edit]

After Trujillo's death in 1961, the constitution was amended to provide for new elections and to allow the transfer of power to an interim Council of State. Although promulgated as a new document, the 1962 constitution was actually a continuation of the Trujillo constitution, and it was thus unpopular.[3]

In 1964, Juan Bosch's freely elected, social-democratic government drafted a new and far more liberal constitution. It separated church and state, put severe limits on the political activities of the armed forces, established a wide range of civil liberties, and restricted the rights of property relative to individual rights. These provisions frightened the more conservative elements in Dominican society, which banded together to oust Bosch and his constitution in September 1963. Subsequently, the more conservative 1962 constitution was restored. In the name of constitutionalism, Bosch and his followers launched a revolution in 1965, the objective of which was restoration of the liberal 1963 constitution.[3]

Largely as a result of the United States military intervention of April 1965, the civil war had died down by 1966. With Joaquín Balaguer and his party in control, the Dominicans wrote still another constitution. This one was intended to avert the conflicts and polarization of the past by combining features from both the liberal and the conservative traditions. The 1966 Constitution incorporated a long list of basic rights, and it provided for a strengthened legislature; however, it also gave extensive powers to the executive, including emergency powers. In this way, the country sought to bridge the gap between its democratic and its authoritarian constitutions, by compromising their differences.[3]

Later constitutions were enacted in 1994 and 2002.[5]

Constitution of 2010[edit]

Centre-right President Leonel Fernández ordered for a new constitution to be drafted. The constitution has faced notable criticism, both abroad and at home, with opponents referring to it as an "injustice" and as "step backwards" for ensuring of human rights in the country, especially towards women and homosexuals. A complete ban on all forms of same-sex unions[6] and abortion (Article 55[7]) was included at the behest of the Roman Catholic Church[8] and Evangelical Christians.[9] As a result, the Dominican Republic has become the sixth jurisdiction in the world with a complete (no exceptions) ban on abortion (after Chile, Malta, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Vatican City), and the first country in the world to constitutionally ban all forms of recognition for same-sex couples.[citation needed]

Constitution Day[edit]

Until 2011, a public holiday was held to commemorate Constution Day on November 6. Since then, it has been held on the closest Monday to that date, in order to ensure a three day weekend.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cordeiro, Jose Luis (September 29, 2008). "Constitutions around the world : A View from Latin America". Ideas.repec.org. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Dominican Republic: Government >> globalEDGE: Your source for Global Business Knowledge". globaledge.msu.edu. Retrieved September 27, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Jonathan Hartlyn. "Constitutional Development". Dominican Republic: A country study (Richard A. Haggerty, ed.). Library of Congress Federal Research Division (December 1989).  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ Republic, Dominican (December 21, 2013). Constitution of the Dominican Republic. Gaceta Judicial. 
  5. ^ "Dominican Republic: Constitutions". Pdba.georgetown.edu. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 27, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2009. 
  7. ^ https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Dominican_Republic_2010.pdf
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 27, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2009. 
  9. ^ "International Groups Pressure Dominican Government to Remove Pro-Life Constitutional Provisions as F | News | LifeSite". Lifesitenews.com. August 5, 2009. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Constitution Day". Public Holidays. Retrieved 5 November 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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