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Contiguous United States
Contiguous United States
Published: 2014/08/08
Channel: Audiopedia
Drawing the contiguous United States by memory under 2 minutes
Drawing the contiguous United States by memory under 2 minutes
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: Geodude137
Mt. Whitney Day Hike - Tallest Mountain in the contiguous United States.
Mt. Whitney Day Hike - Tallest Mountain in the contiguous United States.
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: Pat Kithiraj
Improving Stream Flow Prediction Across the Contiguous United States
Improving Stream Flow Prediction Across the Contiguous United States
Published: 2014/04/30
Channel: reclamation
INCREDIBLE PHOTOS OF THE SOLAR ECLIPSE ACROSS THE UNITED STATES
INCREDIBLE PHOTOS OF THE SOLAR ECLIPSE ACROSS THE UNITED STATES
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: THE RICH LIFESTYLE
Contiguous United States
Contiguous United States
Published: 2016/07/24
Channel: WikiAudio
Reaching All 48 Contiguous United States!
Reaching All 48 Contiguous United States!
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: Garren Lazar
Geographic Center of the Continental United States
Geographic Center of the Continental United States
Published: 2017/10/16
Channel: Hammocks to Coasters
Drawing the United States - free hand/by memory
Drawing the United States - free hand/by memory
Published: 2012/10/25
Channel: SCITECHPUNK
Geographical Center of the United States
Geographical Center of the United States
Published: 2015/12/14
Channel: Valerie Perry
Who Is The First President To Be Born Outside The Contiguous United States?
Who Is The First President To Be Born Outside The Contiguous United States?
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Last Question
Receiver function wavefield animations in the contiguous United States.
Receiver function wavefield animations in the contiguous United States.
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: Chengping Chai
Cape Flattery - the most north-western point of the contiguous United States
Cape Flattery - the most north-western point of the contiguous United States
Published: 2011/09/04
Channel: Orca Trail
Texas - United States
Texas - United States
Published: 2014/11/22
Channel: THEWORLDOFTRAVEL
What States Are In The Middle Of The United States?
What States Are In The Middle Of The United States?
Published: 2017/09/30
Channel: Ask Question II
How to Road Trip! 48 States in 110 days | Going There
How to Road Trip! 48 States in 110 days | Going There
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: SoulPancake
Radar Imagery for Contiguous United States - June 2013
Radar Imagery for Contiguous United States - June 2013
Published: 2013/07/01
Channel: Force Thirteen
Video about the US State Washington
Video about the US State Washington
Published: 2013/08/06
Channel: Helmut Zermin
The Expansion of the Contiguous United States   1776 to 1853
The Expansion of the Contiguous United States 1776 to 1853
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: Louis XVI of France
Total Solar Eclipse On Monday, August 21, 2017 Will Be Visible From Entire Contiguous United States.
Total Solar Eclipse On Monday, August 21, 2017 Will Be Visible From Entire Contiguous United States.
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Be Smart
Every State in the Lower 48
Every State in the Lower 48
Published: 2008/08/27
Channel: proscllc
Northern Most Point of the Continental United States
Northern Most Point of the Continental United States
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: WalleyeCapital
Tornado Count in the Contiguous United States
Tornado Count in the Contiguous United States
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: Aaron Davis
Laser Cut Map of the Contiguous United States
Laser Cut Map of the Contiguous United States
Published: 2014/02/22
Channel: MELD Workshop
Continental United States Meaning
Continental United States Meaning
Published: 2015/04/29
Channel: ADictionary
David Mamet Flawlessly Draws a Map of the Contiguous United States from Memory
David Mamet Flawlessly Draws a Map of the Contiguous United States from Memory
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: fomq
How Many Square Miles Is The Continental United States?
How Many Square Miles Is The Continental United States?
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: Rodeti Rosuy
UFO Sightings in the Contiguous United States (2013)
UFO Sightings in the Contiguous United States (2013)
Published: 2013/05/06
Channel: Tiffany Miller
How Big Is The Continental United States?
How Big Is The Continental United States?
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: Ijaby Igen
Center of the United States (Lower 48)
Center of the United States (Lower 48)
Published: 2015/04/25
Channel: RV Road Trip
Territorial Evolution of the Continental United States
Territorial Evolution of the Continental United States
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: Marcus Berolikh
The Geographic Center Of The United States
The Geographic Center Of The United States
Published: 2010/12/26
Channel: YdstotiDotCom
Highest Rubik
Highest Rubik's Cube Solve in Contiguous United States
Published: 2010/08/03
Channel: Ian Yuh
TOP 10 LARGEST US COUNTIES BY AREA
TOP 10 LARGEST US COUNTIES BY AREA
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: The Channel of Facts
300 Largest United States Cities · Map & Pronunciation
300 Largest United States Cities · Map & Pronunciation
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: Common English Words
A Geographical Description of the United States, With the Contiguous Countries, Including Mexico and
A Geographical Description of the United States, With the Contiguous Countries, Including Mexico and
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: elli lingau
Territorial Development of the Continental United States
Territorial Development of the Continental United States
Published: 2013/07/18
Channel: TurkishCapybara
Housing Density in the Lower 48 United States, 1970-2030
Housing Density in the Lower 48 United States, 1970-2030
Published: 2014/09/11
Channel: NatureServe
What States Are In The Middle Of The United States?
What States Are In The Middle Of The United States?
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: Robert Robert
Cape Flattery...The northwestern most point of the contiguous United States
Cape Flattery...The northwestern most point of the contiguous United States
Published: 2014/09/21
Channel: Catalin Boboc
United States
United States
Published: 2013/05/18
Channel: United States
Is Canada Bigger Than The United States Of America?
Is Canada Bigger Than The United States Of America?
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Funny Question
What is the northernmost state of the 48 contiguous US states?
What is the northernmost state of the 48 contiguous US states?
Published: 2012/09/07
Channel: LouRyder
Northwestern most point - Contiguous USA
Northwestern most point - Contiguous USA
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: Canvaswater
Extended Drought Conditions in the United States
Extended Drought Conditions in the United States
Published: 2012/07/18
Channel: NOAAVisualizations
How Big Is Australia Compared To The United States Of America?
How Big Is Australia Compared To The United States Of America?
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Puser Pilds
THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES IS SHUTTING DOWN MY CHANNEL (not clickbait)
THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES IS SHUTTING DOWN MY CHANNEL (not clickbait)
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: ZippedFolder
48 States.mov
48 States.mov
Published: 2011/05/29
Channel: Billy Ray
Solar eclipse united states
Solar eclipse united states
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: vp yewu
The Geographical Center of USA (Contiguous)
The Geographical Center of USA (Contiguous)
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: TheDroneWolf
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This shows the contiguous United States and in insets at the lower left, the two states that are not contiguous

The contiguous United States consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states plus Washington, D.C. (federal district), on the continent of North America.[1] The term excludes the non-contiguous states of Alaska and Hawaii and all off-shore United States territories and possessions, which are American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.[2][3]

The greatest distance (on a great circle route) entirely within the 48 contiguous states is 2,802 miles (4,509 km, between Florida and the state of Washington);[4] the greatest north-south line is 1,650 miles (2,660 km).[5]

Together, the 48 contiguous states and Washington, D.C. occupy a combined area of 3,119,884.69 square miles (8,080,464.3 km2), which is 1.58% of the total surface area of Earth. Of this area, 2,959,064.44 square miles (7,663,941.7 km2) is contiguous land, composing 83.65% of total U.S. land area, similar to the area of Australia.[6] Officially, 160,820.25 square miles (416,522.5 km2) of the contiguous United States is water area, composing 62.66% of the nation's total water area.

The contiguous United States would be placed 5th in the list of sovereign states and dependencies by area; the total area of the country, including Alaska and Hawaii, ranks fourth. Brazil is the only country that is larger in total area than the contiguous United States, but smaller than the entire United States, while Russia, Canada and China are the only three countries larger than both. The 2010 census population of this area was 306,675,006, comprising 99.33% of the nation's population, and a density of 103.639 inhabitants/sq mi (40.015/km2), compared to 87.264/sq mi (33.692/km2) for the nation as a whole.[7]

Other terms[edit]

While conterminous U.S. has the precise meaning of contiguous U.S. (both adjectives meaning "sharing a common boundary"), other terms commonly used to describe the 48 contiguous states have a greater degree of ambiguity.

Continental United States[edit]

Because Alaska is also on the North American continent, the term continental United States would also include that state, so the term is sometimes qualified with the explicit inclusion or exclusion of Alaska to resolve any ambiguity.[2][8][9][10] The term was in use prior to the admission of Alaska and Hawaii as states of the United States and at that time usually excluded outlying territories of the United States.[11][12] However, even before Alaska became a state, it was sometimes included within the "Continental U.S."[13]

CONUS and OCONUS[edit]

CONUS, a technical term used by the U.S. Department of Defense, General Services Administration, NOAA/National Weather Service, and others, has been defined both as the continental United States, and as the 48 contiguous states.[14][15] The District of Columbia is not always specifically mentioned as being part of CONUS.[15]

OCONUS is derived from CONUS with O for outside added, thus referring to Outside of Continental United States (OCONUS).[14][16]

The "Lower 48"[edit]

The term "Lower 48" is also used to refer to the conterminous United States. The National Geographic style guide recommends the use of contiguous or conterminous United States instead of lower 48 when the 48 states are meant, unless used in the context of Alaska.[17][18]

"Zone of the Interior"[edit]

During World War II, the first four numbered Air Forces of the USAAF were said to be assigned to the "Zone of the Interior" by the American military organizations of the time — the future states of Alaska and Hawaii, then each only territories of the Union, were respectively covered by the Eleventh Air Force and Seventh Air Force during WW II.

Terms used in the non-contiguous states[edit]

Both Alaskans and Hawaiians have unique labels for the contiguous United States because of their own locations relative to them.

Alaska[edit]

Alaska became the 49th state of the United States on January 3, 1959. Alaska is on the northwest end of the North American continent, but separated from the rest of the United States Pacific coast by the Canadian province of British Columbia. In Alaska, given the ambiguity surrounding the usage of continental, the term "continental United States" is almost unheard of when referring to the contiguous 48 states.[citation needed] Several other terms have been used over the years. The term Lower 48 has, for many years, been a common Alaskan equivalent for "contiguous United States";[19][20] today, more Alaskans use the term "Outside",[21][22] though a few persons may use "Outside" to refer to any location not within Alaska.

Hawaii[edit]

Hawaii became the 50th state of the United States on August 21, 1959. It is the southernmost and so far, the latest state to join the Union. Not part of any continent, Hawaii is located in the Pacific Ocean, about 2,200 miles (3,500 km) from North America and almost halfway to Asia. In Hawaii and overseas American territories, for instance, the terms the Mainland or U.S. Mainland are often used to refer to the continental United States.[23]

Non-contiguous areas within the contiguous United States[edit]

Apart from off-shore US islands, a few continental portions of the contiguous US are accessible by road only by traveling through Canada. Point Roberts, Washington; Elm Point, Minnesota; and the Northwest Angle in Minnesota are three such places. Alburgh, Vermont, is not directly connected by land, but is accessible by road via bridges from within Vermont and from New York.[24]

List of contiguous U.S. states[edit]

The 48 contiguous United States are:

Washington, D.C. (the U.S. capital, also referred to as the District of Columbia) is distinct from the state of Washington.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "United Airlines website". Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2012. Contiguous United States: The 48 adjoining states and the District of Columbia. 
  2. ^ a b Random House (1991). Random House Webster's College Dictionary. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-40110-5. 
  3. ^ These maps show the contiguous 48 states and D.C., but not Alaska and Hawaii.
  4. ^ "The Longest Line in America!". Retrieved October 15, 2013. 
  5. ^ "HowStuffWorks "Geography of the United States - Geography"". Geography.howstuffworks.com. March 30, 2008. Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ "The World Factbook". cia.gov. 
  7. ^ "Resident Population Data - 2010 Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 28, 2011. Retrieved January 30, 2011. 
  8. ^ *"National Geographic Style Manual". Retrieved April 4, 2012. The continental United States comprises the 48 contiguous, or coterminous, states plus Alaska. 
    • "United Cargo website". Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2012. Continental United States: The 48 adjoining states, Alaska and District of Columbia. 
    • "Alaska Airlines website". Retrieved April 4, 2012. The Continental U.S. includes the lower 48 states as well as the State of Alaska, unless otherwise specified. 
    • Inland Marine and Transportation Insurance. 1949. Retrieved April 4, 2012. In the absence of any such statement, Alaska probably would be regarded as a part of the continental United States.  (before statehood)
  9. ^ "U.S. Navy Style Guide". Retrieved April 4, 2012. CONUS - "Continental United States" CONUS refers to the 48 contiguous states. 
  10. ^ Internal Revenue Code. 2007. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. the term "United States mainland" means the continental United States (not including Alaska). 
    • "... outside the continental United States (includes Alaska and Hawaii, as well as Canada and all foreign countries)... "Equimax candidate listing". Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Abstract of the 1900 Census (1904), p.xiii" (PDF). The area ... is continental United States, by which is meant that part of the United States lying on the continent of North America south of the Canadian boundary. It thus excludes Alaska and the recent insular accessions of Hawaii, Porto Rico (sic), the Philippine Islands, Guam, Samoa... 
  12. ^ "... merchandise to foreign countries from continental United states, Puerto Rico, and the territories of Alaska and Hawaii." United States Foreign Trade (1950-1953)
  13. ^ "In the absence of any such statement, Alaska probably would be regarded as a part of the continental United States." Inland Marine and Transportation Insurance (1949)
  14. ^ a b "Per Diem Rates (CONUS and OCONUS)". United States General Services Administration. 
  15. ^ a b "U.S. Navy Style Guide". CONUS - "Continental United States." CONUS refers to the 48 contiguous states. It is not synonymous with United States. CONUS is acceptable on first reference.  "CONUS" seems to be used primarily by the American military and the Federal government and those doing business with them.
  16. ^ "Glossary of Army Terms". Retrieved April 4, 2012. "OCONUS: Outside Continental United States 
  17. ^ "National Geographic Style Manual: conterminous, or contiguous, continental, continental United States". Retrieved April 4, 2012. Use contiguous, or conterminous, for the 48 states. The continental United States comprises the 48 contiguous, or conterminous, states plus Alaska. 
  18. ^ "National Geographic Style Manual: Alaska". Retrieved December 6, 2013. The continental United States includes Alaska.[] In Alaska context, lower forty-eight or lower 48 may be used. Do not hyphenate lower 48 as an adjective. The term outside may be put in quotes on first reference if ambiguous. To distinguish the 48 states from the 49 or 50, use contiguous or conterminous. 
  19. ^ "Learn to Speak Alaskan - Alaskan Language Tips - Princess Lodges". princesslodges.com. 
  20. ^ "ALASKA: State Profile". Archived from the original on January 26, 2010. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Ski". google.com. 
  22. ^ "What are some things Alaska does differently from the contiguous states? - Quora". quora.com. 
  23. ^ Edles, Laura Desfor (2003). "'Race,' 'Ethnicity,' and 'Culture' in Hawai'i: The Myth of the 'Model Minority' State". In Loretta I. Winters and Herman L. DeBose (ed.) New Faces in a Changing America: Multiracial Identity in the 21st Century. SAGE Publications. p. 241. ISBN 9780761923008.
  24. ^ Ross, Oakland (June 3, 2011). "Orphans of the atlas". Toronto Star. Retrieved June 5, 2011. 

External links[edit]

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