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What is CONTRASTIVE LINGUISTICS? What does CONTRASTIVE LINGUISTICS mean?
What is CONTRASTIVE LINGUISTICS? What does CONTRASTIVE LINGUISTICS mean?
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: The Audiopedia
History of Contrastive Linguistics
History of Contrastive Linguistics
Published: 2012/09/24
Channel: tesolnet
Contrastive Linguistics
Contrastive Linguistics
Published: 2014/12/15
Channel: Sharon Ortega
contrastive linguistics 22.mpg
contrastive linguistics 22.mpg
Published: 2010/05/26
Channel: ANajahUni
Contrastive Analysis
Contrastive Analysis
Published: 2013/07/28
Channel: TesolClass
contrastive linguistics.mpg
contrastive linguistics.mpg
Published: 2010/05/30
Channel: ANajahUni
What is Contrastive Linguistics 1
What is Contrastive Linguistics 1
Published: 2013/07/19
Channel: Amged Ismal
Contrastive Rhetoric
Contrastive Rhetoric
Published: 2011/10/04
Channel: Jeffrey Johnson
Week 2 History of Contrastive Linguistics
Week 2 History of Contrastive Linguistics
Published: 2011/09/13
Channel: tesolnet
Intro to Phonology: Phonemes & Allophones (lesson 1 of 4)
Intro to Phonology: Phonemes & Allophones (lesson 1 of 4)
Published: 2013/07/02
Channel: NativLang
Contrastive Analysis Project 2017
Contrastive Analysis Project 2017
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: Stephanie Zuba
Contrastive Grammar Demo
Contrastive Grammar Demo
Published: 2013/11/19
Channel: Scott Benedict
Contrastive analysis hypothesis in ch 9
Contrastive analysis hypothesis in ch 9
Published: 2014/07/15
Channel: Robert Betts
Contrastive analysis (LIN)
Contrastive analysis (LIN)
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Vidya-mitra
Week 4 Contrastive linguistics and language teaching
Week 4 Contrastive linguistics and language teaching
Published: 2011/09/29
Channel: tesolnet
What is CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS? What does CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS mean? CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS meaning
What is CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS? What does CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS mean? CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS meaning
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: The Audiopedia
Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis
Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis
Published: 2013/06/25
Channel: Peggy Marcy
[Introduction to Linguistics] Minimal Pairs, Phonemes, Allophones
[Introduction to Linguistics] Minimal Pairs, Phonemes, Allophones
Published: 2016/04/24
Channel: TheTrevTutor
Contrastive Analysis
Contrastive Analysis
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Lisbeth Candelario
Linguistics Journal with Professor Zia Hosseini and Kourosh Lachini
Linguistics Journal with Professor Zia Hosseini and Kourosh Lachini
Published: 2014/04/06
Channel: Kourosh Lachini
Contrastive Analysis of the Arabic Language
Contrastive Analysis of the Arabic Language
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Emily Rand
Contrastive analysis hypothesis ( cross-linguistic influence)
Contrastive analysis hypothesis ( cross-linguistic influence)
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: Applied Linguistics & English Language Teaching
What is Contrastive Linguistics 2
What is Contrastive Linguistics 2
Published: 2013/07/19
Channel: Amged Ismal
Step by Step A Course in Contrastive Linguistics and Translation Contemporary Studies in Descriptive
Step by Step A Course in Contrastive Linguistics and Translation Contemporary Studies in Descriptive
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Grecu
What Is The Contrastive Analysis?
What Is The Contrastive Analysis?
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: Another Question II
What is Contrastive Linguistics 3
What is Contrastive Linguistics 3
Published: 2013/07/19
Channel: Amged Ismal
Contrastive Rhetoric Presentation
Contrastive Rhetoric Presentation
Published: 2014/07/27
Channel: Graham Helsabeck
Phonological Contrastive Analysis
Phonological Contrastive Analysis
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: tesolnet
Türkçe anlatımla kısacık contrastive tarihi ve contrastive compative linguistics farkı
Türkçe anlatımla kısacık contrastive tarihi ve contrastive compative linguistics farkı
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Nihansu Yurtseven
Contrastive Analysis
Contrastive Analysis
Published: 2015/11/29
Channel: Gina Kotsaftis
Contrastive Analysis in Morphology & Syntax (part 1)
Contrastive Analysis in Morphology & Syntax (part 1)
Published: 2015/11/02
Channel: Ahmad Zaki Osman
robert lado s thesis on contrastive analysis
robert lado s thesis on contrastive analysis
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Василий Вагин
A contrastive analysis of Turkish and English from a Turkish EFL student
A contrastive analysis of Turkish and English from a Turkish EFL student's point of difficulty
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: Elitsa Pencheva
Contrastive Structure
Contrastive Structure
Published: 2013/12/22
Channel: Lisa Koch, AuD
Final Contrastive Analysis Project: English & Korean
Final Contrastive Analysis Project: English & Korean
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: Adam Hogue
Families: using contrastive structure
Families: using contrastive structure
Published: 2016/03/16
Channel: M Mj
Contrastive Structure Video
Contrastive Structure Video
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Delaney's ASL Channel
Contrastive Stress Drills
Contrastive Stress Drills
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: Megan Hankins
contrastive connectors
contrastive connectors
Published: 2012/12/03
Channel: mayar ghaly
A Contrastive Analysis between Bangla and English Phonology: Some Pedagogical Recommendations p1
A Contrastive Analysis between Bangla and English Phonology: Some Pedagogical Recommendations p1
Published: 2013/05/10
Channel: IAFOR
Contrastive words with schwa and other vowels
Contrastive words with schwa and other vowels
Published: 2011/04/27
Channel: Jonathan Acuña Solano
ASL contrastive structure pg 179
ASL contrastive structure pg 179
Published: 2015/09/08
Channel: Laura Ziganti
Contrastive Pitch - Cohesion
Contrastive Pitch - Cohesion
Published: 2013/04/09
Channel: Ben Lawrance-Owen
Chapter 1: Contrastive Analysis
Chapter 1: Contrastive Analysis
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Sarah Burr
Contrastive Structure in American Sign Language Video Project
Contrastive Structure in American Sign Language Video Project
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: Alejandra Jauregui
Contrastive structure
Contrastive structure
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Cynthia Burwell
Cole
Cole's contrastive structure
Published: 2012/12/14
Channel: ASLStarr
VI  Contrastive Structure
VI Contrastive Structure
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: Adriana MItchell
contrastive structure
contrastive structure
Published: 2016/06/17
Channel: Kayla Bulster
Ricardo on contrastive stress
Ricardo on contrastive stress
Published: 2012/07/27
Channel: hancockmcdonald
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Contrastive linguistics is a practice-oriented linguistic approach that seeks to describe the differences and similarities between a pair of languages (hence it is occasionally called "differential linguistics").

History[edit]

While traditional linguistic studies had developed comparative methods (comparative linguistics), chiefly to demonstrate family relations between cognate languages, or to illustrate the historical developments of one or more languages, modern contrastive linguistics intends to show in what ways the two respective languages differ, in order to help in the solution of practical problems. (Sometimes the terms diachronic linguistics and synchronic linguistics are used to refer to these two perspectives.)

Contrastive linguistics, since its inception by Robert Lado in the 1950s, has often been linked to aspects of applied linguistics, e.g., to avoid interference errors in foreign-language learning, as advocated by Di Pietro (1971)[1] (see also contrastive analysis), to assist interlingual transfer in the process of translating texts from one language into another, as demonstrated by Vinay & Darbelnet (1958)[2] and more recently by Hatim (1997)[3] (see translation), and to find lexical equivalents in the process of compiling bilingual dictionaries, as illustrated by Heltai (1988)[4] and Hartmann (1991)[5] (see bilingual lexicography).

Contrastive descriptions can occur at every level of linguistic structure: speech sounds (phonology), written symbols (orthography), word-formation (morphology), word meaning (lexicology), collocation (phraseology), sentence structure (syntax) and complete discourse (textology). Various techniques used in corpus linguistics have been shown to be relevant in intralingual and interlingual contrastive studies, e.g. by 'parallel-text' analysis (Hartmann 1997).[6]

Contrastive linguistic studies can also be applied to the differential description of one or more varieties within a language, such as styles (contrastive rhetoric), dialects, registers or terminologies of technical genres.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Di Pietro, R.J. (1971) Language Structures in Contrast, Newbury House.
  2. ^ Vinay, J.P. & Darbelnet, J. (1958) Stylistique Comparée du Français et de l'Anglais, Didier-Harrap.
  3. ^ Hatim, B. (1997) Communication across Cultures. Translation Theory and Contrastive Text Linguistics, University of Exeter Press.
  4. ^ Heltai, P. (1988) "Contrastive analysis of terminological systems and bilingual technical dictionaries", International Journal of Lexicography Vol. 1(1) pp. 32-40.
  5. ^ Hartmann, R.R.K. (1991) "Contrastive linguistics and bilingual lexicography", in Woerterbuecher/Dictionaries/Dictionnaires. International Encyclopedia of Lexicography ed. by F.J. Hausmann et al. (Vol. III, pp. 2854-2859), De Gruyter.
  6. ^ Hartmann, R.R.K. (1997) "From contrastive textology to parallel text corpora: Theory and applications", in Language History and Linguistic Modelling. A Festschrift for Jacek Fisiak ed. by R. Hickey & S. Puppel. De Gruyter.

References[edit]

  • Di Pietro, R.J. (1971) Language Structures in Contrast, Newbury House.
  • Hartmann, R.R.K. (1991) "Contrastive linguistics and bilingual lexicography", in Woerterbuecher/Dictionaries/Dictionnaires. International Encyclopedia of Lexicography ed. by F.J. Hausmann et al. (Vol. III, pp. 2854–2859), De Gruyter.
  • Hartmann, R.R.K. (1997) "From contrastive textology to parallel text corpora: Theory and applications", in Language History and Linguistic Modelling. A Festschrift for Jacek Fisiak ed. by R. Hickey & S. Puppel. De Gruyter.
  • Hatim, B. (1997) Communication across Cultures. Translation Theory and Contrastive Text Linguistics, University of Exeter Press.
  • Heltai, P. (1988) "Contrastive analysis of terminological systems and bilingual technical dictionaries", International Journal of Lexicography Vol. 1(1) pp. 32–40.
  • König, E. & V. Gast (2007). Understanding English-German Contrasts. Berlin: Erich Schmidt Verlag.
  • Lado, R. (1957). Linguistics across cultures: Applied linguistics for language teachers. University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbor,.
  • Vinay, J.P. & Darbelnet, J. (1958) Stylistique Comparée du Français et de l'Anglais, Didier-Harrap.

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