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A Brief History of Converse
A Brief History of Converse
Published: 2014/05/03
Channel: aBriefHistory
Converse Suing 31 Companies Over Chuck Taylor Knockoffs
Converse Suing 31 Companies Over Chuck Taylor Knockoffs
Published: 2014/10/15
Channel: Newsy Business
Top 10 Footwear Brands
Top 10 Footwear Brands
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: WatchMojo.com
Vintage Shoe Company:  MADE IN THE U.S.A.
Vintage Shoe Company: MADE IN THE U.S.A.
Published: 2011/04/11
Channel: VintageShoeCompany
Suola SA Argentina - Vans footwear production
Suola SA Argentina - Vans footwear production
Published: 2012/02/19
Channel: Dana Guidice
Converse History Part One
Converse History Part One
Published: 2008/12/09
Channel: Scott Losinger
Tyler The Creator
Tyler The Creator's SECRET Gift To Us
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: GOKARTS!
Converse | shoes converse, Converse Promo codes
Converse | shoes converse, Converse Promo codes
Published: 2016/05/07
Channel: Online Shopping, Coupon, clothing stores, Coupons
Converse history - very interesting...
Converse history - very interesting...
Published: 2016/07/20
Channel: psarikova1
10 Things You Didn
10 Things You Didn't Know About Converse All Star
Published: 2014/10/27
Channel: Me My Dress and I
Top 10 Footwear Brands In India
Top 10 Footwear Brands In India
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: comedyGamer
ИСТОРИЯ БРЕНДА CONVERSE / CONVERSE ALL STAR / МОДНАЯ ОБУВЬ 2016
ИСТОРИЯ БРЕНДА CONVERSE / CONVERSE ALL STAR / МОДНАЯ ОБУВЬ 2016
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: In The Trend
Converse All Star
Converse All Star
Published: 2008/10/23
Channel: GCR93
Upcycle: Taylor
Upcycle: Taylor's smelly holey work Converse sneakers review (sold)
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Upcycle Shoes
The Shoe Company - you
The Shoe Company - you're in good company!
Published: 2013/06/05
Channel: ShoeCompanyCareers
PROOF VANS SHOE COMPANY THEY ARE RACIST!!AND THEY HATE JEW
PROOF VANS SHOE COMPANY THEY ARE RACIST!!AND THEY HATE JEW
Published: 2011/06/24
Channel: shay15494
Converse Chuck Taylor Shoes
Converse Chuck Taylor Shoes
Published: 2010/11/14
Channel: Bob Ellis
Converse | Television Commercial | 2002
Converse | Television Commercial | 2002
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Analog Indulgence
Converse ALL★STAR
Converse ALL★STAR
Published: 2011/12/05
Channel: LudwinZhurkino
converse shoes
converse shoes
Published: 2016/10/02
Channel: Michael Johnson
The History of Converse
The History of Converse
Published: 2013/05/30
Channel: Aaron Waala
A brief history of converse
A brief history of converse
Published: 2015/07/02
Channel: arun rimal
Converse unveils first redesign of classic Chuck Taylor All Star sneakers since the 1930s
Converse unveils first redesign of classic Chuck Taylor All Star sneakers since the 1930s
Published: 2015/08/10
Channel: Dezeen
Manufacturing a Pair of Shoes - DB Shoes Ltd
Manufacturing a Pair of Shoes - DB Shoes Ltd
Published: 2010/09/10
Channel: dbshoes
Converse Breakpoint Pro Skate Shoes Wear Test Review - Tactics.com
Converse Breakpoint Pro Skate Shoes Wear Test Review - Tactics.com
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: Tactics Boardshop
A house for (Converse) Chuck Taylor
A house for (Converse) Chuck Taylor
Published: 2009/05/15
Channel: How to Architect
NBA 2k17 - Signing Shoe Endorsement With Adidas Ep.7
NBA 2k17 - Signing Shoe Endorsement With Adidas Ep.7
Published: 2016/09/28
Channel: AntoDaBoss
DVS Shoe Company Contax Hi SKU:#8167904
DVS Shoe Company Contax Hi SKU:#8167904
Published: 2013/09/23
Channel: Shop Zappos
Waterproof Your Converse Shoes | How to Water Proof Canvas Shoes
Waterproof Your Converse Shoes | How to Water Proof Canvas Shoes
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Nimble Bar Co.
DVS Shoe Company Militia CT  SKU:8343322
DVS Shoe Company Militia CT SKU:8343322
Published: 2014/12/16
Channel: Shop Zappos
DVS Shoe Company Francisco SKU:#7387835
DVS Shoe Company Francisco SKU:#7387835
Published: 2013/11/20
Channel: Shop Zappos
Converse Emergency
Converse Emergency
Published: 2011/12/05
Channel: DontShootImWithGOD
LIMITED EDITION BATMAN ARKHAM CITY CONVERSE
LIMITED EDITION BATMAN ARKHAM CITY CONVERSE
Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: The Badger Show
DVS Shoe Company Jarvis SKU:#8167889
DVS Shoe Company Jarvis SKU:#8167889
Published: 2014/07/21
Channel: Shop Zappos
Affordable Shoe Unboxing Ft. Converse
Affordable Shoe Unboxing Ft. Converse
Published: 2013/02/18
Channel: Shay Lafaye
Big Wow Shoe All Star Converse in Europe Belgium
Big Wow Shoe All Star Converse in Europe Belgium
Published: 2011/10/25
Channel: 123576
Converse company
Converse company
Published: 2017/08/29
Channel: Andini Putri
DVS Shoe Company Lucid SKU:#8167891
DVS Shoe Company Lucid SKU:#8167891
Published: 2013/11/15
Channel: Shop Zappos
Converse commercial
Converse commercial
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: Leo Oshiro
DVS Shoe Company Tracker Heir Deegan x Dirt Series SKU:#8045529
DVS Shoe Company Tracker Heir Deegan x Dirt Series SKU:#8045529
Published: 2013/01/08
Channel: Shop Zappos
Olivia Baldino Converse Commercial 2 Nov 2016
Olivia Baldino Converse Commercial 2 Nov 2016
Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: Channel 19
The Red Sneakers (2002)
The Red Sneakers (2002)
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: Music-Man
"YAK" ยักษ์ by Annatar | Custom Converse ChuckII
"YAK" ยักษ์ by Annatar | Custom Converse ChuckII
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Annatar House
DVS Shoe Company Daewon 13 HL SKU:#8205797
DVS Shoe Company Daewon 13 HL SKU:#8205797
Published: 2013/11/20
Channel: Shop Zappos
DVS Shoe Company Tracker Heir  SKU:#7992284
DVS Shoe Company Tracker Heir SKU:#7992284
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: Shop Zappos
Brown Shoe Company (GBA490)
Brown Shoe Company (GBA490)
Published: 2008/04/29
Channel: schro004
Converse Shoe Cupcake Topper Tutorial
Converse Shoe Cupcake Topper Tutorial
Published: 2015/08/01
Channel: SweetArt Cake Company
How New Balance Sneakers Are Made
How New Balance Sneakers Are Made
Published: 2012/04/10
Channel: Rahim the Dream
DVS Shoe Company Militia Heir SKU:#8205850
DVS Shoe Company Militia Heir SKU:#8205850
Published: 2013/11/20
Channel: Shop Zappos
How I Clean my Converse (Canvas) Shoes
How I Clean my Converse (Canvas) Shoes
Published: 2013/05/23
Channel: StyleNovice
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Converse, Inc.
Subsidiary of Nike, Inc.
Industry Accessories, apparel,
and sporting goods
Founded February 1908; 109 years ago (1908-02)
Malden, Massachusetts, U.S.[1]
Founder Marquis Mills Converse
Headquarters Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Number of locations
More than 75
U.S. retail stores (2014)
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Jim Calhoun
(C.E.O and president)
Products Apparel, clothing,
and shoes
Revenue Increase $2.0 billion (2015)
Number of employees
2,658 (in U.S)
Parent Nike, Inc.
Website www.converse.com
A red pair of Converse Chuck Taylor All-Stars

Converse /ˈkɒnvərs/ is an American shoe company with a production output that primarily consists of apparel, skating shoes and lifestyle brand footwear. Converse is known as one of America's most iconic footwear companies.

The company was founded in 1908. Converse has been a subsidiary of Nike, Inc. since 2003.[2] The company lost a huge monopoly after other companies presented their own styles, but Converse rebounded and changed the targeted audience. During World War II, the company shifted its manufacturing from the public, and instead made them for the military. It was one of the few producers of athletic shoes and for over a half century the company dominated the American court shoe market. Converse shoes are distinguished by a number of features, including; the company's star insignia, the All Star's rubber sole, smooth rounded toe, and wrap-around strip that have become extremely distinguishable internationally.

Converse manufactures its products under the Cons, Chuck Taylor All-Star, John Varvatos, and Jack Purcell trade names. In addition to apparel and footwear, the company sells other items globally through retailers in over 160 countries and through approximately 75 company-owned retail stores across the United States, and employed 2,658 in the U.S. in 2015.[3]

Early years[edit]

At age 47, Marquis Mills Converse, who was previously a respected manager at a footwear manufacturing firm, opened the Converse Rubber Shoe Company in February 1908 in Malden, Massachusetts. The company was a rubber shoe manufacturer, providing winterized rubber soled footwear for men, women, and children. By 1910, Converse was producing shoes daily, but it was not until 1915 that the company began manufacturing athletic shoes.

The company's catalyst came in 1917 when the Converse All-Star basketball shoe was introduced. Then in 1923, a basketball player named Charles H. "Chuck" Taylor walked into Converse complaining of sore feet. Converse gave him a job: he worked as a salesman and ambassador, promoting the shoes around the U.S., and in 1932 Taylor’s signature was added to the All-Star patch on the classic, high-topped sneakers. He continued this work until shortly before his death in 1976.[4] Converse also customized shoes for the New York Renaissance (the "Rens"), the first all-African American professional basketball team. In 1962, center Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia Warriors scored 100 points in an NBA game while wearing a pair of Chucks, taking a 169–147 victory over the New York Knicks in Hershey, Pennsylvania on March 2.[5]

1941–2001: War, bankruptcy, and new management[edit]

When the U.S. entered World War II in 1941, Converse shifted production to manufacturing rubberized footwear, outerwear, and protective suits for the military. Widely popular during the 1950s and 1960s, Converse promoted a distinctly American image with its Converse Yearbook. Artist Charles Kerins created cover art that celebrated Converse's role in the lives of high school and college athletes.

Converse Jack Purcells

Through its shoes, Converse developed into an iconic brand, and came to be seen as the essential sports shoe. In the 1970s, Converse purchased the trademark rights to Jack Purcell sneakers from B.F. Goodrich.[6]

Converse lost a vast monopoly from the 1970s onward, with the surge of new competitors, including Puma and Adidas, then Nike, then a decade later Reebok, who introduced radical new designs to the sports market. Converse found themselves no longer the official shoe of the National Basketball Association, a title they had relished for many years.

The chevron and star insignia—a logo that remains on a large portion of Converse footwear other than the All Star—was created by Jim Labadini, an employee.

Canvas-rubber shoes regained popularity in the 1980s as casual footwear, but Converse eventually became over-dependent on the "All Stars" brand, whose market collapsed by 1989-1990 as America entered a severe economic recession and the icons of the decade were subject to a wide backlash. By the second half of the 1990s, Converse was slipping repeatedly into receivership as debt piled up yearly, and its products were rejected by consumers in an increasingly competitive environment.

The loss of market share, combined with poor business decisions, forced Converse to file for bankruptcy on January 22, 2001. In April 2001, Footwear Acquisitions, led by Marsden Cason and Bill Simon, purchased the brand from bankruptcy and added industry partners Jack Boys, Jim Stroesser, Lisa Kempa, and David Maddocks to lead the turnaround of America's Original Sports Company.

Nike[edit]

In July 2003, Nike paid $309 million to acquire Converse.[2] Nike approached the 1980s revival around 2005 to relaunch the footwear of choice of that decade, and the "Chucks" quickly became a cultural phenomenon once again. As a result, Nike expanded the Converse brand to other businesses apart from shoes, much akin to its other brands.

By November 2012, Converse had disappeared completely from the NBA, as the last dozen players wearing the brand either left the NBA or switched shoes over a period of a year and a half. Carlos Arroyo went overseas in late 2011, and Maurice Evans last played for the Washington Wizards in April 2012. Nine switched to Nike: Acie Law (who went overseas) in late 2011; JJ Barea and Kirk Hinrich during the 2011–12 season; Luke Harangody and Larry Sanders after the season; Elton Brand, Louis Williams, and Kyle Korver for the 2012–13 season; and Chris Andersen during the season. Udonis Haslem, the last NBA player wearing Converse on the court, followed Miami Heat teammate Dwyane Wade to switch to Li-Ning in late November 2012.

Converse shoes have become a fashionable shoe of choice for many. Celebrities have taken to wearing them on the red carpet, including Snoop Dogg, Kristen Stewart, Rihanna, and many others. The growth of Converse being a casual fashion accessory among nearly all generations has contributed to the strong success in not only the United States, but in Europe, resulting in a $1.7 billion revenue in 2014 and $2 billion in 2015.[7]

New headquarters[edit]

Converse world headquarters building on Boston's Lovejoy Wharf

In January 2013, Converse announced plans for a new headquarters building, and moved in April 2015. It was constructed near North Station in downtown Boston, on the historic Lovejoy Wharf, overlooking the Charles River as part of a major site overhaul and restoration of public waterfront access.[8] The 10-story 214,000-square-foot (19,900 m2) office building includes a permanent music recording studio for the new "Converse Rubber Tracks" project, 5,000-square-foot (460 m2) gym with a separate yoga studio designed in partnership with Nike, and a brand new 3,500-square-foot (330 m2) retail Flagship Store.[9]

Chuck Taylor All Star II[edit]

An improved model of the Chuck Taylor All-Star, the Chuck Taylor II, was announced by company management in July, 2015.[10] The Chuck Taylor II's were released on July 28, 2015[11] Incorporating Nike technology, it retains the most of outward appearance of the original while employing a modern lightweight lunarlon insole for increased comfort and reduced fatigue.[10] the notable changes made to the new sneakers are the removal of the wrap around strip, premium canvas with higher quality stitching and a no slip tongue. The new sneakers are priced at $75 for the High Tops, and $70 for Low Tops as opposed to the original All Stars priced at $55 for High Top and $50 for Low Top.[10]

Skateboarding market[edit]

Under the "CONS" name, Converse launched its skateboarding program in 2009 with a team of "ambassadors": Kenny Anderson, Anthony Pappalardo, Nick Trapasso, Sammy Baca, Ethan Fowler, Raymond Molinar, and Rune Glifberg.[12]

In 2012, the company added Jason Jessee and Mike Anderson to its ambassadors team.[13]

In August 2012, Converse sponsored a skate event at Huntington Beach, California, US - including Trapasso, Tom Remillard,[14] Aaron Homoki, Greyson Fletcher, Ben Raemers, Ben Hatchell, Robbie Russo, and Ben Raybourn participated in the competition that was held. Raybourn eventually won the US$20,000 grand prize and Homoki won the US$3,000 Best Trick contest.[15]

As of July 2014, the CONS skateboard team consists of original members Anderson, Trapasso, Baca, and Glifberg, while Jessee, Anderson, Julian Davidson, Remillard, Zered Basset, Ben Raemers, Jake Johnson, Eli Reed, Louis Lopez, Sage Elsesser, and Sean Pablo were subsequently added.[13] Bassett filmed a new advertisement that was broadcast online during July 2014, in which he skateboards through New York City, US in a newly launched skate shoe version of the Converse Weapon model, the "CONS Weapon Skate."[16]

Lawsuit[edit]

Starting in July 2008, Converse tried to send around 180 cease-and-desist letters to over 30 other companies who Converse says to be violating the Chuck Taylor All Star trademark and selling "knock off look-alike" sneakers.

In October 2014, Converse filed a lawsuit against 30 companies for allegedly infringing on its sneaker style’s bumper toe, striped midsole and toe cap. The brand argued that companies were violating a common-law trademark by importing “knockoff” sneakers with similar elements. A number of companies settled with Converse and they were dropped from the list.[17][18]

In November 2015, Charles Bullock, chief administrative judge at the International Trade Commission, preliminarily ruled that several brands Converse filed against were violating Converse’s outsole design trademarks, i.e. the pattern on the bottom of the sole of the shoe. Judge Bullock further ruled that while Skechers "Twinkle Toes" brands did share similarities to Converse, "Twinkle Toes" were different enough and marketed in a way for it not be mistaken for Chuck Taylor All-Stars.[19] Judge Bullock also ruled that most of the shoes sold by Highline United under the Ash brand did not infringe and that Converse did not have a valid common law mark for its midsole.

On June 23, 2016, ironically on the anniversary of the death of Chuck Taylor, the International Trade Commission ruled that Converse's alleged trade dress for the midsole design of a combined toe cap, toe bumper, and stripe was not entitled to trademark protection under the common law and found invalid Converse's federal trademark registration. This case is currently on appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.

Shoes[edit]

The Weapon[edit]

The Weapon, manufactured in many different color schemes

In 1986, Converse released "The Weapon" basketball shoe. Manufactured in two color schemes to match the kit colors of basketball teams, it has been available in both high-top and low cut varieties. The unique[citation needed] aspect of this shoe is the leather construction throughout, including the inside heel which is also heavily padded for comfort. Converse re-released "The Weapon" classic (which Kobe Bryant wore at least three times in 2002 and Andre Miller wore numerous times in 2002 from mid August to early September) several times from 1999 to 2003 and after, "The Loaded Weapon" in 2003, "The Weapon 86" in 2008 (and the Poorman version in 2009, and the John Varvatos version in 2012), "The Weapon EVO" in 2009, and its successor "The Star Player EVO" (sometimes reduced to "The Star Plyr EVO" or "The Star Ply EVO") in 2010.

The first endorsers of "The Weapon" were Larry Bird and Magic Johnson, who were prominently featured in a Converse commercial set in Bird's hometown of French Lick, Indiana in 1985. They were also worn by Axl Rose in the Guns N' Roses music video "Estranged".

Special editions[edit]

Converse fashion in Paris
Joshua Mueller, Guinness Book of World Records holder for largest collection of "Chucks"

Several special editions of Converse shoes have been made, including DC Comics, Pink Floyd, The Ramones, AC/DC, Sailor Jerry, Metallica, The Clash, Dr. Seuss, Grateful Dead, Ozzy Osbourne, Jimi Hendrix, Miley Cyrus helped advertise rainbow designed converse for Pride Month in 2017, Drew Brophy, Nirvana, Bad Meets Evil, Green Day, Gorillaz, Matt and Kim, Black Sabbath, the Control, green, brown or camouflage edition, Super Mario and Danny Potthoff. Three new designs were created for high tops, inspired by The Who. Converse shoes are also popular among various subcultures including rednecks, greasers, cholos, rockers, metalheads, skinheads, hippies, hipsters, goths, punks, nerds, etc.

Additionally, Converse have to date made an appearance in over 650 films, appearing in movies such as Back to the Future, I, Robot, Grease, Stand by Me and numerous other productions.

Moreover, Chuck Taylors caught the attention of many British television viewers in 2006, when actor David Tennant (playing the Tenth Doctor) wore a pair of cream Hi-top Converse rather ostentatiously with his suit on science-fiction show Doctor Who.

They remain an iconic and ubiquitous fashion sneaker.

Causes[edit]

A special collection called "1Hund (RED)", whereby fifteen percent of the profits are used to support HIV/AIDS prevention, was released by the brand. One hundred artists from around the world were chosen to create designs for the collection as part of the (RED) campaign. Professional skateboarder, Anthony Pappalardo, who, at the time, was also associated with another (RED) participant, Girl skateboards—Pappalardo was sponsored by Chocolate skateboards, a brand distributed by the Crailtap, the distribution company that owns both Girl and Chocolate—released a (RED) edition of his high-selling[20] signature skate shoe model.[21] A short video piece was published on the internet[22] and Pappalardo explains in it:

I got into woodworking about two years ago, through a buddy of mine who I used to skate with every day—he turned into a woodworker. So he gave me this scrap box of wood, and, basically, I just wanted to do something with it…make something with it. It just definitely started consuming me like skating did. I wanted to read about it, you know? Go on the internet and watch videos about it, and just learn anything and everything I could about woodworking. The first thing I ever made was a bench, and that's, kinda, what I've been making ever since. the cool thing about working with Product (RED) is just by doing the two things that I love, I'm also able to help people.[22]

Pappalardo's first signature shoe with Converse was released in February 2010 and it was produced in the (RED) colorway.[21]

In 2012, Converse is listed as a partner in the (RED) campaign, together with other brands such as Nike Inc., Girl, and Bugaboo. The campaign's mission is to prevent the transmission of the HIV virus from mother to child by 2015 (the campaign's byline is "Fighting For An AIDS Free Generation").[23]

Former Converse college teams[edit]

NOTE: Due to Converse withdrawing from performance basketball shoes,[24] there are no professional players or college teams wearing Converse shoes, except on occasion Asi Taulava.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Converse turns 100". Chucksconnection.com. 2008-05-29. Retrieved 2011-08-31. 
  2. ^ a b Wayne, Leslie. "For $305 million, Nike buys Converse". New York Times. Retrieved March 27, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Converse Inc Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Converse Inc". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2016-02-11. 
  4. ^ "Who the heck was Chuck Taylor anyway?". Kentucky New Era. Hopkinsville. Associated Press. March 28, 2001. p. A7. 
  5. ^ "Wilt breaks NBA record; gets 100 against Knicks". Reading Eagle. Pennsylvania. Associated Press. March 3, 1962. p. 7. 
  6. ^ Perrin, Charles. "Old Sneakers (since 1935) - Goodrich (now Converse) Jack Purcell". Retrieved 2011-08-31. 
  7. ^ "NIKE, INC. Reports Fiscal 2015 Fourth Quarter And Full Year Results". NIKE, Inc. Retrieved 2016-02-11. 
  8. ^ http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20130108006830/en/Converse-Announces-Global-Headquarters-City-Boston
  9. ^ "CONVERSE OFFICIALLY OPENS WORLD HEADQUARTERS IN BOSTON AND DEBUTS NEW FLAGSHIP STORE". Converse Media. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  10. ^ a b c Converse’s new Chuck Taylors get a comfort boost, Boston Globe, July 22, 2015; Minimalist sneaker launched in 1917 receives upgrade with Nike tech
  11. ^ "CONVERSE USHERS IN NEW ERA WITH GROUND-BREAKING CHUCK TAYLOR ALL STAR II". Converse Media. Retrieved 2016-02-11. 
  12. ^ asayer (13 May 2009). "Cons Comes Back: A Look at Converse Skateboarding". Push.ca. Bell Canada. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  13. ^ a b "Ambassadors". Converse.com. Converse Inc. 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  14. ^ RIDE Channel; Rob Brink; Erica Yary (3 August 2012). "Nick Trapasso, Tom Remillard & Robbie Russo at Coastal Carnage! Weeke ..." (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  15. ^ Lance Dawes; Cory Williams (6 August 2012). "RAYBOURN CRUISES THROUGH CARNAGE". ESPN Action Sports. ESPN Internet Ventures. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  16. ^ Brian Farmer (20 July 2014). "Converse Launches the CONS Weapon Skate Shoe with Short Film featuring Zered Bassett". High Snobiety. Titel Media. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  17. ^ Schiavenza, Matt, "Why Converse is Fighting to Keep All Stars Cool," The Atlantic, 15 October 2014.
  18. ^ Butler-Young, Sheena, "Iconix and Fila Settle in Converse Lawsuit Saga," Footwear News, 9 April 2015.
  19. ^ Sutherlin, Margaret. "Converse Trademark Lawsuit: Skechers Declares Victory, Mixed Ruling Expected Overall". Footwear News. Retrieved 2016-02-11. 
  20. ^ "Anthony Pappalardo". 48 Blocks. 48 Blocks. 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  21. ^ a b Blair Alley (2 December 2009). "ANTHONY PAPPALARDO’S PROJECT RED CONS PRO MODEL". Transworld Skateboarding. Bonnier Corporation. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  22. ^ a b Aaron Meza; crailtap (30 November 2009). "Anthony Pappalardo and (RED)" (Video upload). YouTube. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  23. ^ "(RED)". (RED) Partners. (RED), a division of The ONE Campaign. 2012. Archived from the original on 28 May 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  24. ^ http://www.wwd.com/footwear-news/business/on-star-qa-with-converses-jim-calhoun-7105883?full=true
  25. ^ http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/389226/sports/basketball/pba-after-wearing-chuck-taylors-asi-taulava-wants-to-bring-back-short-shorts

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