Play Video
1
Corvette Sinkhole Adventure in a 1975 Stingray! - Roadkill Ep. 27
Corvette Sinkhole Adventure in a 1975 Stingray! - Roadkill Ep. 27
::2014/04/18::
Play Video
2
2014 Chevrolet Corvette Stingray Z51! Testing the New High Tech Vette! - Ignition Ep. 77
2014 Chevrolet Corvette Stingray Z51! Testing the New High Tech Vette! - Ignition Ep. 77
::2013/07/25::
Play Video
3
Hennessey C7 Corvette Runs 200 MPH on Texas Toll Road
Hennessey C7 Corvette Runs 200 MPH on Texas Toll Road
::2013/12/17::
Play Video
4
► 2014 Chevrolet Corvette PRODUCTION
► 2014 Chevrolet Corvette PRODUCTION
::2013/09/27::
Play Video
5
2014 Ferrari F12 Berlinetta vs 2014 Chevrolet Corvette C7 vs 2013 Porsche 911 C4S! Head 2 Head Ep 42
2014 Ferrari F12 Berlinetta vs 2014 Chevrolet Corvette C7 vs 2013 Porsche 911 C4S! Head 2 Head Ep 42
::2013/09/25::
Play Video
6
Corvette Crash and Fail Compilation Remix
Corvette Crash and Fail Compilation Remix
::2013/09/01::
Play Video
7
Chevrolet Corvette Z06 Convertible at New York Auto Show 2014 | evo MOTOR SHOWS
Chevrolet Corvette Z06 Convertible at New York Auto Show 2014 | evo MOTOR SHOWS
::2014/04/24::
Play Video
8
USA 1, Europe 0: Chevrolet Corvette C7 Stingray vs Porsche 911, Audi R8 and Jaguar F-type
USA 1, Europe 0: Chevrolet Corvette C7 Stingray vs Porsche 911, Audi R8 and Jaguar F-type
::2014/02/06::
Play Video
9
Private Corvette Collection
Private Corvette Collection
::2013/10/10::
Play Video
10
BEST of Corvette SOUNDS! - C5, C6, C6 Z06, C7 Stingray & More!
BEST of Corvette SOUNDS! - C5, C6, C6 Z06, C7 Stingray & More!
::2013/11/24::
Play Video
11
Corvette C7 Stingray Review - Everyday Driver
Corvette C7 Stingray Review - Everyday Driver
::2014/01/24::
Play Video
12
24 Hours of Daytona: Corvette C7.R with Tommy Milner - /DRIVER
24 Hours of Daytona: Corvette C7.R with Tommy Milner - /DRIVER'S EYE
::2014/01/30::
Play Video
13
2014 Chevrolet Corvette Stingray Z51 Start Up, Exhaust, and In Depth Review
2014 Chevrolet Corvette Stingray Z51 Start Up, Exhaust, and In Depth Review
::2013/10/31::
Play Video
14
C7 Corvette - Yes, it Really is That Good
C7 Corvette - Yes, it Really is That Good
::2013/09/04::
Play Video
15
Chevrolet Corvette Stingray C7 | evo REVIEW
Chevrolet Corvette Stingray C7 | evo REVIEW
::2014/03/28::
Play Video
16
ZR-1 Corvette vs LSx Willy
ZR-1 Corvette vs LSx Willy's Jeep
::2013/11/06::
Play Video
17
World
World's Most Powerful C7 Corvette + Sexy Girl's Reaction - Twin Turbo - 836rwhp
::2014/02/10::
Play Video
18
2014 C7 Corvette battles modded C6 Corvette!
2014 C7 Corvette battles modded C6 Corvette!
::2013/10/11::
Play Video
19
2015 Chevy Corvette Z06 Convertible: Everything You Ever Wanted to Know
2015 Chevy Corvette Z06 Convertible: Everything You Ever Wanted to Know
::2014/04/18::
Play Video
20
Hater Maker - 1500hp Corvette
Hater Maker - 1500hp Corvette
::2014/03/23::
Play Video
21
SRT Viper GTS vs Chevrolet Corvette ZR1! - Head 2 Head Episode 24
SRT Viper GTS vs Chevrolet Corvette ZR1! - Head 2 Head Episode 24
::2013/01/16::
Play Video
22
CNET On Cars - 2014 Corvette Stingray: America
CNET On Cars - 2014 Corvette Stingray: America's Supercar - Ep. 26
::2013/09/30::
Play Video
23
1993 40th Corvette Recovery
1993 40th Corvette Recovery
::2014/03/03::
Play Video
24
INSANELY LOUD Supercharged 800HP Zo6 Corvette!
INSANELY LOUD Supercharged 800HP Zo6 Corvette!
::2013/03/30::
Play Video
25
Book Club: Corvette Sting Ray - Jay Leno
Book Club: Corvette Sting Ray - Jay Leno's Garage
::2014/02/21::
Play Video
26
Corvette Z06 Autobahn
Corvette Z06 Autobahn
::2012/12/02::
Play Video
27
Corvette Museum Sinkhole : Top Cars Retrieved - Video
Corvette Museum Sinkhole : Top Cars Retrieved - Video
::2014/03/05::
Play Video
28
2014 Chevrolet Corvette Stingray Convertible Test Drive Video Review
2014 Chevrolet Corvette Stingray Convertible Test Drive Video Review
::2014/02/13::
Play Video
29
Car Tech - 2015 Corvette Z06 Convertible loses its top without giving up on performance
Car Tech - 2015 Corvette Z06 Convertible loses its top without giving up on performance
::2014/04/16::
Play Video
30
Pursuit of Silver Corvette Comes to Violent End in Downtown L.A.
Pursuit of Silver Corvette Comes to Violent End in Downtown L.A.
::2013/12/14::
Play Video
31
Corvette C7 Stingray - GRIP - Folge 255 - RTL2
Corvette C7 Stingray - GRIP - Folge 255 - RTL2
::2013/12/01::
Play Video
32
Corvette ZR1 vs Audi R8 - Top Gear - BBC
Corvette ZR1 vs Audi R8 - Top Gear - BBC
::2010/04/23::
Play Video
33
Corvette C7 v Porsche 991 Carrera S. On Track. - /CHRIS HARRIS ON CARS
Corvette C7 v Porsche 991 Carrera S. On Track. - /CHRIS HARRIS ON CARS
::2014/01/29::
Play Video
34
Super Speeders Builds Best Corvette Ever - Part 4
Super Speeders Builds Best Corvette Ever - Part 4
::2014/03/10::
Play Video
35
Piloting the 2014 Chevrolet C7 Corvette to Legendary NASA Space Sites! - Epic Drives Ep. 25
Piloting the 2014 Chevrolet C7 Corvette to Legendary NASA Space Sites! - Epic Drives Ep. 25
::2014/01/10::
Play Video
36
CNET On Cars - 2014 Corvette Stingray: America
CNET On Cars - 2014 Corvette Stingray: America's classic car reborn
::2013/10/01::
Play Video
37
2015 Corvette Z06 Load-In @ CCC
2015 Corvette Z06 Load-In @ CCC
::2014/04/19::
Play Video
38
Super Speeders Builds Best Corvette Ever (Part 1)
Super Speeders Builds Best Corvette Ever (Part 1)
::2012/11/28::
Play Video
39
Chevy Corvette Stingray C7: Behind the Scenes of it
Chevy Corvette Stingray C7: Behind the Scenes of it's Design, Engineering & Build - Part One
::2014/01/12::
Play Video
40
Corvette Stingray vs The World
Corvette Stingray vs The World
::2013/10/07::
Play Video
41
GUY SURPRISES GIRLFRIEND WITH NEW 2014 CORVETTE!!
GUY SURPRISES GIRLFRIEND WITH NEW 2014 CORVETTE!!
::2013/10/03::
Play Video
42
2014 Chevy Corvette Stingray Convertible Review - Kelley Blue Book
2014 Chevy Corvette Stingray Convertible Review - Kelley Blue Book
::2014/01/21::
Play Video
43
2014 Chevy C7 Corvette vs C6 Corvette Mashup Race Track Review ( Part 1)
2014 Chevy C7 Corvette vs C6 Corvette Mashup Race Track Review ( Part 1)
::2014/01/22::
Play Video
44
Live Drag Racing (4) - ZR1, CTS-V, Camaro, Corvette
Live Drag Racing (4) - ZR1, CTS-V, Camaro, Corvette
::2013/02/15::
Play Video
45
2015 Chevrolet Corvette Z06 First Look: The Fastest Production Vette! - The Downshift Ep. 74
2015 Chevrolet Corvette Z06 First Look: The Fastest Production Vette! - The Downshift Ep. 74
::2014/01/13::
Play Video
46
First Look: 2014 Corvette Stingray - Jay Leno
First Look: 2014 Corvette Stingray - Jay Leno's Garage
::2013/01/23::
Play Video
47
2014 Chevy C7 Corvette vs C6 Corvette Mashup Race Track Review ( Part 2)
2014 Chevy C7 Corvette vs C6 Corvette Mashup Race Track Review ( Part 2)
::2014/01/23::
Play Video
48
Chevrolet Corvette C6 ZR1 Mega Factories Super Cars {National Geographic}
Chevrolet Corvette C6 ZR1 Mega Factories Super Cars {National Geographic}
::2014/02/28::
Play Video
49
Corvette Z06 Review - Top Gear - BBC
Corvette Z06 Review - Top Gear - BBC
::2009/11/21::
Play Video
50
AMAZING CHEVY RAGTOP & CORVETTE  COLLECTION IN IOWA
AMAZING CHEVY RAGTOP & CORVETTE COLLECTION IN IOWA
::2012/11/19::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Corvette Comandante Foscari of the Italian Navy

A corvette (sometimes corvet) is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, originally smaller than a frigate (2,000+ tons) and larger than a coastal patrol craft or fast attack craft (500 tons or less),[1] although many recent designs are approaching the size of smaller frigates (3,000 tons). During the Age of Sail, corvettes were smaller than frigates and larger than sloops-of-war, usually with a single gun deck.

Although almost all modern navies use ships smaller than frigates for coastal duty, not all of them use the term corvette (via Middle French, from a Dutch word corf, a type of boat[2]) or equivalent. The rank "corvette captain", equivalent in many navies to "lieutenant commander", derives from the name of this type of ship.

Sailing vessels[edit]

During the Age of Sail, corvettes were one of many types of smaller warships. They were very closely related to sloops-of-war. The role of the corvette consisted mostly of coastal patrol, fighting minor wars, supporting large fleets, or participating in show-the-flag missions. The English Navy began using small ships in the 1650s, but described them as sloops rather than corvettes. The first reference to a corvette was with the French Navy in the 1670s, which may be where the term originated. The French Navy's corvettes grew over the decades and by the 1780s they were ships of 20 guns or so, approximately equivalent to the British Navy's post ships. The British Navy did not adopt the term until the 1830s, long after the Napoleonic Wars, to describe a small sixth-rate vessel somewhat larger than a sloop.

Most corvettes and sloops of the 17th century were around 40 to 60 ft (12 to 18 m) in length and measured 40 to 70 tons burthen. They carried four to eight smaller guns on a single deck. Over time, vessels of increasing size and capability were called corvettes; by 1800, they reached lengths of over 100 ft (30 m) and measured from 400 to 600 tons burthen.

French steam corvette Dupleix (1856–1887)

Steam ships[edit]

Ships during the steam era became much faster and more manoeuvrable than their sail ancestors. Corvettes during this era were typically used alongside gunboats during colonial missions. Battleships and other large vessels were unnecessary when fighting the indigenous people of the Far East and Africa.

World War II[edit]

The modern corvette appeared during World War II as an easily built patrol and convoy escort vessel. The British naval designer William Reed drew up a small ship based on the single-shaft Smiths Dock Company whale catcher Southern Pride, whose simple design and mercantile construction standards lent itself to rapid production in large numbers in small yards unused to naval work. First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill, later Prime Minister, had a hand in reviving the name "corvette".

During the arms buildup leading to World War II, the term "corvette" was almost attached to the Tribal-class destroyer. The Tribals were so much larger than and sufficiently different from other British destroyers that some consideration was given to resurrecting the classification of "corvette" and applying it to them. This idea was dropped, and the term applied to small, mass-produced antisubmarine escorts such as the Flower class of World War II.

The first modern corvettes were the Flower class (Royal Navy corvettes were named after flowers, and ships in Royal Canadian Navy service took the name of smaller Canadian cities and towns). Their chief duty was to protect convoys throughout the Battle of the Atlantic and on the routes from the UK to Murmansk carrying supplies to the Soviet Union.

The Flower-class corvette was originally designed for offshore patrol work, and was not ideal as an antisubmarine escort; they were really too short for open ocean work, too lightly armed for antiaircraft defence, and little faster than the merchantmen they escorted, a particular problem given the faster German U-boat designs then emerging. They were very seaworthy and manoeuvrable, but living conditions for ocean voyages were appalling. Because of this, the corvette was superseded in the Royal Navy as the escort ship of choice by the frigate, which was larger, faster, better armed, and had two shafts. However, many small yards could not produce vessels of frigate size, so an improved corvette design, the Castle class, was introduced later in the war, with some remaining in service until the mid-1950s.

The Royal Australian Navy built 60 Bathurst-class corvettes, including 20 for the Royal Navy crewed by Australians, and four for the Indian Navy. These were officially described as Australian mine sweepers, or as minesweeping sloops by the Royal Navy, and were named after Australian towns.

The Bird-class minesweepers or trawlers were referred to as corvettes in the Royal New Zealand Navy, and two, Kiwi and Moa, rammed and sank a much larger Japanese submarine, the I-1, in 1943 in the Solomons.

Modern corvettes[edit]

Argentine MEKO Espora-class corvette
A Swedish Visby-class stealth corvette

Modern navies began a trend in the late 20th and early 21st centuries towards smaller, more manoeuvrable surface capability. Corvettes have a displacement between 540 and 3,000 long tons (550 and 3,050 t) and measure 180–420 ft (55–128 m) in length. They are usually armed with medium- and small-caliber guns, surface-to-surface missiles, surface-to-air missiles, and antisubmarine weapons. Many can accommodate a small or medium antisubmarine warfare helicopter.

Most countries with coastlines can build corvette-sized ships, either as part of their commercial shipbuilding activities or in purpose-built yards, but the sensors, weapons, and other systems required for a surface combatant are more specialized and are around 60% of the total cost. These components are purchased on the international market.[3]

Current corvette classes[edit]

Many countries today operate corvettes; some include Argentina,[4] Bangladesh, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Denmark, Germany, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Italy, Pakistan, the Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, South Korea, Sweden, and Turkey. Countries that border smaller seas, such as the Baltic Sea or the Persian Gulf, are more likely to build the smaller and more manoeuvrable corvettes, with Russia operating the most corvettes in the world.

The first operational warship based on stealth technology was the Royal Norwegian Navy's Skjold class. The Swedish Navy introduced the similarly stealthy Visby class.

The United States is developing littoral combat ships, which are essentially large corvettes, their spacious hulls permiting space for mission modules, allowing them to undertake tasks formerly assigned to specialist classes such as minesweepers or the antisubmarine Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigate.

The Israeli navy operates three Saar 5-class corvettes. Built in the U.S to an Israeli design, they carry 1 Helicopter and are well-armed with offensive and defensive weapons systems, including the Barak 1 SAM, and advanced electronic sensors and countermeasures. They weigh over 1200 tons at full load.

The Indian Navy plans to operate four Kamorta-class corvettes being built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers. The first corvette of this class, INS Kamorta, is to be commissioned at the end of 2013. The remaining three will be commissioned by 2017.[citation needed]

The new German navy Braunschweig class is designed to supplement Germany's fast attack craft and also incorporates stealth technology and land attack capabilities.

Turkey began to build MİLGEM-class corvettes in 2005. The MİLGEM class is designed for antisubmarine warfare and littoral patrol duty. The lead ship, TCG Heybeliada, entered navy service in 2011. The design concept and mission profile of the MİLGEM class is similar to the Freedom class of littoral combat ships of the United States.

The Greek Navy has categorised the class as fast attack missile craft. A similar vessel is the Kilic-class fast attack missile craft of the Turkish Navy, which is classified as a corvette by Lürssen Werft, the German ship designer.

Corvettes preserved as museum ships[edit]

ARA Uruguay, an Argentine corvette from 1874, has been a museum ship in Buenos Aires since 1967

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ In a class of their own: new corvettes take centre stage
  2. ^ "corvette". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2011-08-13. 
  3. ^ Magnuson, Stew. "East/West Divide Grows In the International Navy Shipbuilding Business." National Defense Industrial Association, 16 May 2011.
  4. ^ [1], Armada Argentina, Unidades, Corvetas.

Further reading[edit]

  • The collection Three Corvettes by Nicholas Monsarrat recounts the writer's World War II experiences on corvettes, starting as an inexperienced small-boat sailor and ending as captain.[citation needed]
  • The novel The Cruel Sea (1951), also by Nicholas Monsarrat, about the life and death of a Flower-class corvette and the men in her, is regarded as one of the classic naval stories of World War II.
  • James B. Lamb's two books, The Corvette Navy and On the Triangle Run, give an autobiographical and historical perspective of life on Royal Canadian Navy corvettes in World War II. The author served on them for six years from Halifax to the beaches of D-Day.[citation needed]

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014