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Ronnie Dunn - Cost Of Livin
Ronnie Dunn - Cost Of Livin'
Published: 2011/07/26
Channel: RonnieDunnVEVO
Jamey Johnson - High Cost of Living - Music Video - Clifton Collins Jr.
Jamey Johnson - High Cost of Living - Music Video - Clifton Collins Jr.
Published: 2010/01/22
Channel: Clifton Collins, Jr.
Jamey Johnson - High Cost of Living
Jamey Johnson - High Cost of Living
Published: 2009/03/11
Channel: timmyovideos
Cost Of Living In America Today Vs. 1980
Cost Of Living In America Today Vs. 1980
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: AJ+
LIVING UNDER $600 IN THAILAND | CHIANG MAI COST OF LIVING GUIDE
LIVING UNDER $600 IN THAILAND | CHIANG MAI COST OF LIVING GUIDE
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Chris the Freelancer
Ronnie Dunn Cost Of Living With Lyrics
Ronnie Dunn Cost Of Living With Lyrics
Published: 2011/08/23
Channel: Jdub22722
Cost of living in Japan
Cost of living in Japan
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: Japanese Journey
Apartment Tour // Cost of Living in Mexico!
Apartment Tour // Cost of Living in Mexico!
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: Travellight
Reality check: Cost of living
Reality check: Cost of living
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: Bank of America
What
What's the Real Cost of Living?
Published: 2012/02/17
Channel: Wall Street Journal
Cost of living in London. How much does it cost to live in the UK? Student expenses
Cost of living in London. How much does it cost to live in the UK? Student expenses
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: FasTrack Education - study in the UK
Cost Of Living In Medellin, Colombia " Tourist Guide"
Cost Of Living In Medellin, Colombia " Tourist Guide"
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: PassportHeavy
Bali Indonesia 4k " Cost of Living "
Bali Indonesia 4k " Cost of Living "
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: PassportHeavy
Cost of Living in SINGAPORE
Cost of Living in SINGAPORE
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Ihana Pön
Cost of living in Norway 2016
Cost of living in Norway 2016
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Felicia zoe
House Tour // Cost of Living in Bali
House Tour // Cost of Living in Bali
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Travellight
Cost of Living in Japan
Cost of Living in Japan
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Kanai even Tokyo
THE REAL COST OF LIVING IN CHIANG MAI, THAILAND
THE REAL COST OF LIVING IN CHIANG MAI, THAILAND
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: PsychoTraveller
¥ 円 The Cost of living in Tokyo, Japan (rent, food, etc) 円 ¥
¥ 円 The Cost of living in Tokyo, Japan (rent, food, etc) 円 ¥
Published: 2015/01/01
Channel: Texan in Tokyo
Cost of Living in Seoul, South Korea
Cost of Living in Seoul, South Korea
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: BenDeen
Cost of living in Hawaii & Job Market 2017
Cost of living in Hawaii & Job Market 2017
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: JibaJabaJ
COST OF LIVING IN COLOMBIA
COST OF LIVING IN COLOMBIA
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Zen Dude Fitness
Cost of living in Houston, Texas
Cost of living in Houston, Texas
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: Nicole in USA
COST OF LIVING IN DUBLIN:RENT,SALARY,HEALTHCARE,TRANSPORTATION...
COST OF LIVING IN DUBLIN:RENT,SALARY,HEALTHCARE,TRANSPORTATION...
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: Chinyere Osuafor
The Cost of Living and Studying in Paris
The Cost of Living and Studying in Paris
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: Meesh
Cost of living in a van
Cost of living in a van
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Vantastic
Portugal Rental House Tour and Cost of Living
Portugal Rental House Tour and Cost of Living
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: Treasure Overseas
Cost of living in Bali- update
Cost of living in Bali- update
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: Tina Truong
Cost of Living For Sosua Dominican Republic
Cost of Living For Sosua Dominican Republic
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Taylor Made Dreams
Cost of living in the UK - guide 2015/16
Cost of living in the UK - guide 2015/16
Published: 2016/03/19
Channel: Miwa Uno
The Cost of Living in Vancouver, Canada
The Cost of Living in Vancouver, Canada
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: Laura Hoyda
Cost of Living in Bangkok, Thailand
Cost of Living in Bangkok, Thailand
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: Saul Linares
COST OF LIVING IN THE PHILIPPINES; THE REAL COST (June, 2016) - Philippines Expat Vlog #51
COST OF LIVING IN THE PHILIPPINES; THE REAL COST (June, 2016) - Philippines Expat Vlog #51
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: SezStyle
COST OF LIVING IN VIETNAM
COST OF LIVING IN VIETNAM
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: Pho Your Eyes Only
Cost Of Living in the Philippines - Single Foreigner Living in the Philippines
Cost Of Living in the Philippines - Single Foreigner Living in the Philippines
Published: 2015/08/09
Channel: Aheezy Da Islander
JC – Vietnam Pt 19 – Hanoi Cost of Living & Final Thoughts
JC – Vietnam Pt 19 – Hanoi Cost of Living & Final Thoughts
Published: 2016/09/26
Channel: retirecheapjc
Cost Of Living In Tokyo
Cost Of Living In Tokyo
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: DaveTrippin
The Cost of living
The Cost of living
Published: 2010/11/25
Channel: Stuart Matthewman
Cost of Living in Haiti
Cost of Living in Haiti
Published: 2013/02/15
Channel: JubrilAgoro
Cost of Living Comparison: Austria vs Switzerland
Cost of Living Comparison: Austria vs Switzerland
Published: 2015/08/27
Channel: S&F Production
Cost of Living in Canada | Rent Costs In Toronto
Cost of Living in Canada | Rent Costs In Toronto
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Life In Canada
Cost of living in Sydney - Australia
Cost of living in Sydney - Australia
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Ustaad
United States Vs. Russia - Comparison According To Cost Of Living
United States Vs. Russia - Comparison According To Cost Of Living
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: CoolChannel4
Cost of Living in Chiang Mai, Thailand 2016
Cost of Living in Chiang Mai, Thailand 2016
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: Digital Nomad X
Cost of Living: Hang Out With the Cast!
Cost of Living: Hang Out With the Cast!
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Manhattan Theatre Club
Cost of Living in Vietnam - How much money do you need to to live in Vietnam?
Cost of Living in Vietnam - How much money do you need to to live in Vietnam?
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Alex Fortin TV
Barcelona - Cost of living in Barcelona
Barcelona - Cost of living in Barcelona
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: Marcello Arrambide
YET ANOTHER COST OF LIVING IN CHIANG MAI, THAILAND
YET ANOTHER COST OF LIVING IN CHIANG MAI, THAILAND
Published: 2016/10/28
Channel: Keyframe5
Extremely Low Cost of Living in India, Visit India 27
Extremely Low Cost of Living in India, Visit India 27
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: AV Daniel Violin
Cost of Living in Mexico City - Apartments!
Cost of Living in Mexico City - Apartments!
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: Eternal Expat
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Protests in Aysén due to the high cost of living in Patagonia

Cost of living is the cost of maintaining a certain standard of living. Changes in the cost of living over time are often operationalized in a cost of living index. Cost of living calculations are also used to compare the cost of maintaining a certain standard of living in different geographic areas. Differences in cost of living between locations can also be measured in terms of purchasing power parity rates.

Cost-of-living adjustment (COLA)[edit]

Employment contracts, pension benefits, and government entitlements such as Social Security can be tied to a cost-of-living index, typically to the consumer price index (CPI). A COLA adjusts salaries based on changes in a cost-of-living index. Salaries are typically adjusted annually. They may also be tied to a cost-of-living index that varies by geographic location if the employee moves. In this later case, the expatriate employee will likely see only the discretionary income part of their salary indexed by a differential CPI between the new and old employment locations, leaving the non-discretionary part of the salary (e.g., mortgage payments, insurance, car payments) unmodified.

Annual escalation clauses in employment contracts can specify retroactive or future percentage increases in worker pay which are not tied to any index. These negotiated increases in pay are colloquially referred to as cost-of-living adjustments or cost-of-living increases because of their similarity to increases tied to externally determined indexes. Cost-of-living allowance is equal to the nominal interest minus the real interest rate.

CPI[edit]

When cost-of-living adjustments, negotiated wage settlements and budgetary increases exceed CPI, media reports frequently compare the two without consideration of the pertinent tax code. However, CPI is based on the retail pricing of a basket of goods and services. Most purchases of that same basket require the use of after-tax dollars—dollars that were often subject to the highest marginal tax rate. Consequently, the COLA will necessarily have to exceed the CPI inflation rate to maintain purchasing power.[citation needed]

The widely recognized problem known as bracket-creep can also occur in countries where the marginal tax brackets themselves are not indexed—COLA increases simply place more dollars into higher tax rate brackets. (Only under a flat tax system would a percentage gain on gross income translate into a comparable inflation-offsetting gain at the after-tax level.)

Some salaries and pensions in the United States with a COLA (they vary by type) include:

Pensions in Canada with a COLA include:

Worldwide Cost of Living Survey[edit]

The Economist Intelligence Unit produces a semi-annual (twice yearly) worldwide cost of living survey that compares more than 400 individual prices across 160 products and services. They include food, drink, clothing, household supplies and personal care items, home rents, transport, utility bills, private schools, domestic help and recreational costs.

The survey itself is an internet tool designed to calculate cost-of-living allowances and build compensation packages for corporate executives maintaining a western lifestyle. The survey incorporates easy-to-understand comparative cost of living indices between cities. The survey allows city-to-city comparisons, but for the purpose of this report all cities are compared to a base city of New York City, which has an index set at 100. The survey has been carried out for more than 30 years.

The most recent survey was published in March 2017. Singapore, remains the most expensive city in the world for the fourth year running, in a rare occurrence where the entire top 5 most expensive cities were unchanged.[2] Sydney and Melbourne have both cemented their positions as top-ten staples, with Sydney becoming the fifth most expensive, and Melbourne becoming the sixth. Asia is home to more than five most expensive cities in the top twenty but also home to eight cheapest cities of the cheapest ten.

Other uses[edit]

Stipends or extra pay provided to employees who are being temporarily relocated may also be called cost-of-living adjustments or cost-of-living allowances. Such adjustments are intended to offset changes in welfare due to geographic differences in the cost of living. Such adjustments might more accurately be described as a per diem allowance or tied to a specific item, as with housing allowances. Employees who are being permanently relocated are less likely to receive such allowances, but may receive a base salary adjustment to reflect local market conditions.

A cost-of-living allowance is frequently given to members of the U.S. military stationed at overseas bases if the area to which a service member is assigned has a higher cost of living than the average area in the United States. For example, service members stationed in Japan receive a cost of living allowance of between $300 and $700 per month (depending on pay grade, years of service, and number of dependents), in addition to their base pay. This additional pay is non-taxable.

See also[edit]

Specific:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Flanagan, Tammy (2006-09-08). "COLA Wars". National Journal Group. Retrieved 2008-09-23. 
  2. ^ "Singapore Maintains Top Spot as World's Costliest City". Bloomberg. 2015-03-03. 

External links[edit]

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