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Ronnie Dunn - Cost Of Livin
Ronnie Dunn - Cost Of Livin'
Published: 2011/07/26
Channel: RonnieDunnVEVO
Jamey Johnson - High Cost of Living - Music Video - Clifton Collins Jr.
Jamey Johnson - High Cost of Living - Music Video - Clifton Collins Jr.
Published: 2010/01/22
Channel: Clifton Collins, Jr.
Jamey Johnson - High Cost of Living
Jamey Johnson - High Cost of Living
Published: 2009/03/11
Channel: timmyovideos
Cost of living in Japan
Cost of living in Japan
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: Japanese Journey
Cost of Living in SINGAPORE
Cost of Living in SINGAPORE
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Ihana Pön
Cost Of Living In America Today Vs. 1980
Cost Of Living In America Today Vs. 1980
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: AJ+
Cape Town , South Africa ( Cost of Living Tourist Edition)
Cape Town , South Africa ( Cost of Living Tourist Edition)
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: PassportHeavy
LIVING UNDER $600 IN THAILAND | CHIANG MAI COST OF LIVING GUIDE
LIVING UNDER $600 IN THAILAND | CHIANG MAI COST OF LIVING GUIDE
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Chris the Freelancer
What
What's the Real Cost of Living?
Published: 2012/02/17
Channel: Wall Street Journal
Cost Of Living In Medellin, Colombia " Tourist Guide"
Cost Of Living In Medellin, Colombia " Tourist Guide"
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: PassportHeavy
Toronto
Toronto's Cost of Living
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: GlobalGFX
Cost of living in a van
Cost of living in a van
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Vantastic
House Tour // Cost of Living in Bali
House Tour // Cost of Living in Bali
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Travellight
Apartment Tour // Cost of Living in Mexico!
Apartment Tour // Cost of Living in Mexico!
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: Travellight
LIVING IN CAMBODIA. THE COST OF LIVING, HOW MUCH MONEY DO I NEED EVERY MONTH TO SURVIVE?
LIVING IN CAMBODIA. THE COST OF LIVING, HOW MUCH MONEY DO I NEED EVERY MONTH TO SURVIVE?
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: GOING NOMAD
Ronnie Dunn Cost Of Living With Lyrics
Ronnie Dunn Cost Of Living With Lyrics
Published: 2011/08/23
Channel: Jdub22722
Cost of Living in Mexico City - Bills!
Cost of Living in Mexico City - Bills!
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Eternal Expat
COST OF LIVING IN COLOMBIA
COST OF LIVING IN COLOMBIA
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Zen Dude Fitness
Cost of Living in Cambodia  -  prices of rent, groceries & more
Cost of Living in Cambodia - prices of rent, groceries & more
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: Traveling Bee
THE REAL COST OF LIVING IN CHIANG MAI, THAILAND
THE REAL COST OF LIVING IN CHIANG MAI, THAILAND
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: PsychoTraveller
Vietnam Cost Of Living: Food (Prices Included)
Vietnam Cost Of Living: Food (Prices Included)
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Alex Stevenson
Cost of living in Hawaii & Job Market 2017
Cost of living in Hawaii & Job Market 2017
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: JibaJabaJ
Cost of Living in Florida
Cost of Living in Florida
Published: 2014/02/02
Channel: The Andre Files
Is Hawaii Expensive? COST OF LIVING
Is Hawaii Expensive? COST OF LIVING
Published: 2015/06/20
Channel: Steve Viscuso
Cost Of Living Ireland (Students and Working professionals)
Cost Of Living Ireland (Students and Working professionals)
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: Parvez Mulani
Cost of Living in Japan: Groceries and Eating Out!!
Cost of Living in Japan: Groceries and Eating Out!!
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: Chad Zimmerman
Cost of living in Spain - Inside a Spanish supermarket
Cost of living in Spain - Inside a Spanish supermarket
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: spainspeaks
Cost of Living in Seoul, South Korea
Cost of Living in Seoul, South Korea
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: BenDeen
COST OF LIVING IN THE PHILIPPINES; THE REAL COST (June, 2016) - Philippines Expat Vlog #51
COST OF LIVING IN THE PHILIPPINES; THE REAL COST (June, 2016) - Philippines Expat Vlog #51
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: SezStyle
$$$ Cost of Living in JAPAN $$$
$$$ Cost of Living in JAPAN $$$
Published: 2013/03/27
Channel: Sharla in Japan
London Cost Of Living 2016
London Cost Of Living 2016
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Barefoot Doctors
Cost of Living For Sosua Dominican Republic
Cost of Living For Sosua Dominican Republic
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Taylor Made Dreams
Living in Spain - Cost of living in Spain
Living in Spain - Cost of living in Spain
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: spainspeaks
Taiwan Cost Of Living Info
Taiwan Cost Of Living Info
Published: 2016/07/04
Channel: American In Taiwan
Cost of living in the UK - guide 2015/16
Cost of living in the UK - guide 2015/16
Published: 2016/03/19
Channel: Miwa Uno
What is the cost of living in London? - Happy Lil Friday
What is the cost of living in London? - Happy Lil Friday
Published: 2016/11/18
Channel: Happy Lil Sushi Roll
High Cost Of Living | Street Talk | Happy-TV
High Cost Of Living | Street Talk | Happy-TV
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: Happy-TV
Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Low Cost of Living Retire Early
Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Low Cost of Living Retire Early
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Vagabond Buddha
COST OF LIVING IN TOKYO, JAPAN.
COST OF LIVING IN TOKYO, JAPAN.
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: KeiraInTokyo キーラ
SOUTH KOREA COST OF LIVING
SOUTH KOREA COST OF LIVING
Published: 2013/06/30
Channel: Hallyu Back
Portugal Rental House Tour and Cost of Living
Portugal Rental House Tour and Cost of Living
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: Treasure Overseas
Cost of living in Norway 2016
Cost of living in Norway 2016
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Felicia zoe
COST OF LIVING IN TAIWAN?
COST OF LIVING IN TAIWAN?
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: IrisVirus
Melbourne Cost of living
Melbourne Cost of living
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: Ustaad
Thailand Cost of Living + Girlfriend Search Update
Thailand Cost of Living + Girlfriend Search Update
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Cheap Charlie Chronicles
COST OF LIVING in AUSTRALIA | Australia Food Prices
COST OF LIVING in AUSTRALIA | Australia Food Prices
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: April Tandy
Cost Of Living In Tokyo
Cost Of Living In Tokyo
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: DaveTrippin
Extremely Low Cost of Living in India, Visit India 27
Extremely Low Cost of Living in India, Visit India 27
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: AV Daniel Violin
Cost of Living in Houston
Cost of Living in Houston
Published: 2014/06/10
Channel: Barbara Walker-Green
The Cost of Living in Singapore (Vlog #16)
The Cost of Living in Singapore (Vlog #16)
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: 108TeamProductions
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Protests in Aysén due to the high cost of living in Patagonia

Cost of living is the cost of maintaining a certain standard of living. Changes in the cost of living over time are often operationalized in a cost of living index. Cost of living calculations are also used to compare the cost of maintaining a certain standard of living in different geographic areas. Differences in cost of living between locations can also be measured in terms of purchasing power parity rates.

Cost-of-living adjustment (COLA)[edit]

Employment contracts, pension benefits, and government entitlements such as Social Security can be tied to a cost-of-living index, typically to the consumer price index (CPI). A COLA adjusts salaries based on changes in a cost-of-living index. Salaries are typically adjusted annually. They may also be tied to a cost-of-living index that varies by geographic location if the employee moves. In this later case, the expatriate employee will likely see only the discretionary income part of their salary indexed by a differential CPI between the new and old employment locations, leaving the non-discretionary part of the salary (e.g., mortgage payments, insurance, car payments) unmodified.

Annual escalation clauses in employment contracts can specify retroactive or future percentage increases in worker pay which are not tied to any index. These negotiated increases in pay are colloquially referred to as cost-of-living adjustments or cost-of-living increases because of their similarity to increases tied to externally determined indexes. Cost-of-living allowance is equal to the nominal interest minus the real interest rate.

CPI[edit]

When cost-of-living adjustments, negotiated wage settlements and budgetary increases exceed CPI, media reports frequently compare the two without consideration of the pertinent tax code. However, CPI is based on the retail pricing of a basket of goods and services. Most purchases of that same basket require the use of after-tax dollars—dollars that were often subject to the highest marginal tax rate. Consequently, the COLA will necessarily have to exceed the CPI inflation rate to maintain purchasing power.[citation needed]

The widely recognized problem known as bracket-creep can also occur in countries where the marginal tax brackets themselves are not indexed—COLA increases simply place more dollars into higher tax rate brackets. (Only under a flat tax system would a percentage gain on gross income translate into a comparable inflation-offsetting gain at the after-tax level.)

Some salaries and pensions in the United States with a COLA (they vary by type) include:

Pensions in Canada with a COLA include:

Worldwide Cost of Living Survey[edit]

The Economist Intelligence Unit produces a semi-annual (twice yearly) worldwide cost of living survey that compares more than 400 individual prices across 160 products and services. They include food, drink, clothing, household supplies and personal care items, home rents, transport, utility bills, private schools, domestic help and recreational costs.

The survey itself is an internet tool designed to calculate cost-of-living allowances and build compensation packages for corporate executives maintaining a western lifestyle. The survey incorporates easy-to-understand comparative cost of living indices between cities. The survey allows city-to-city comparisons, but for the purpose of this report all cities are compared to a base city of New York City, which has an index set at 100. The survey has been carried out for more than 30 years.

The most recent survey was published in March 2017. Singapore remains the most expensive city in the world for the fourth year running, in a rare occurrence where the entire top five most expensive cities were unchanged from the year prior.[2] Sydney and Melbourne have both cemented their positions as top-ten staples, with Sydney becoming the fifth most expensive, and Melbourne becoming the sixth. Asia is home to more than five most expensive cities in the top twenty but also home to eight cheapest cities of the cheapest ten.

Other uses[edit]

Stipends or extra pay provided to employees who are being temporarily relocated may also be called cost-of-living adjustments or cost-of-living allowances. Such adjustments are intended to offset changes in welfare due to geographic differences in the cost of living. Such adjustments might more accurately be described as a per diem allowance or tied to a specific item, as with housing allowances. Employees who are being permanently relocated are less likely to receive such allowances, but may receive a base salary adjustment to reflect local market conditions.

A cost-of-living allowance is frequently given to members of the U.S. military stationed at overseas bases if the area to which a service member is assigned has a higher cost of living than the average area in the United States. For example, service members stationed in Japan receive a cost of living allowance of between $300 and $700 per month (depending on pay grade, years of service, and number of dependents), in addition to their base pay. This additional pay is non-taxable.

See also[edit]

Specific:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Flanagan, Tammy (2006-09-08). "COLA Wars". National Journal Group. Retrieved 2008-09-23. 
  2. ^ "Singapore Maintains Top Spot as World's Costliest City". Bloomberg. 2015-03-03. 

External links[edit]

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