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UK Geography/ UK Country
UK Geography/ UK Country
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: Kids Learning Tube
England: The Counties
England: The Counties
Published: 2013/03/19
Channel: Anne Martin
Counties of the UK (Soft Spoken) (Learn With Kev!)
Counties of the UK (Soft Spoken) (Learn With Kev!)
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: TheWhisperCorner ASMR
UK Counties
UK Counties
Published: 2009/07/20
Channel: daniel sewell
England/England Country/England Geography
England/England Country/England Geography
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: Kids Learning Tube
How to Pronounce UK Place Names - Anglophenia Ep 23
How to Pronounce UK Place Names - Anglophenia Ep 23
Published: 2015/01/21
Channel: Anglophenia
Guessing the counties of England, Softly Spoken
Guessing the counties of England, Softly Spoken
Published: 2015/03/08
Channel: CosplaySMR
How to Pronounce UK Cities and Counties! #germangirlinlondon | Jen Dre
How to Pronounce UK Cities and Counties! #germangirlinlondon | Jen Dre
Published: 2016/02/16
Channel: Jen Dre
Americans Try To Label The British Isles
Americans Try To Label The British Isles
Published: 2015/08/02
Channel: BuzzFeedBlue
The Counties of England - Flag Map Speed Art
The Counties of England - Flag Map Speed Art
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: Flag Mapping
Counties of the United Kingdom
Counties of the United Kingdom
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
Counties of England
Counties of England
Published: 2014/08/12
Channel: Audiopedia
Counties of England
Counties of England
Published: 2014/05/12
Channel: encyclopediacc
United Kingdom Counties and Unitary Authorities Map
United Kingdom Counties and Unitary Authorities Map
Published: 2014/07/27
Channel: Editablemaps
Top 10 BIGGEST counties in Britain
Top 10 BIGGEST counties in Britain
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: ordinary boy
Counties of England
Counties of England
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
County Flags of England
County Flags of England
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: Brico Flags
How Many Counties Are There In The United Kingdom?
How Many Counties Are There In The United Kingdom?
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: Folipuy Ftis
How Many Counties Are There In The United Kingdom?
How Many Counties Are There In The United Kingdom?
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Question Tags
30 Dialects of the English language in the UK
30 Dialects of the English language in the UK
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: Hera
English Pronunciation 51: counties of England (British accent)
English Pronunciation 51: counties of England (British accent)
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: Chris Morgan
Historic County Tops Of England Challenge
Historic County Tops Of England Challenge
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Errant Brothers
How Many Counties Are There In The United Kingdom?
How Many Counties Are There In The United Kingdom?
Published: 2017/12/11
Channel: Dierdre Litton Tipz
Top 10 Best Cities to Visit in UK
Top 10 Best Cities to Visit in UK
Published: 2016/11/20
Channel: World Top 10
Top 10 Worst Places to Live in England
Top 10 Worst Places to Live in England
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Destination Tips
A tour of the British Isles in accents.
A tour of the British Isles in accents.
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: Philip Barker
Countries of the United Kingdom
Countries of the United Kingdom
Published: 2013/11/16
Channel: SJB
English Counties
English Counties
Published: 2015/05/14
Channel: Samthe Slug
How Many Counties Are There In The UK?
How Many Counties Are There In The UK?
Published: 2017/12/07
Channel: Alphonse Brunner Tipz
Top 20 highest counties in the UK.
Top 20 highest counties in the UK.
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: BrodieFilm
Traditional Counties of England
Traditional Counties of England
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: Person 1
How Many Counties Are There In The UK?
How Many Counties Are There In The UK?
Published: 2017/12/11
Channel: Dierdre Litton Tipz
Why Ireland split into the Republic of Ireland & Northern Ireland
Why Ireland split into the Republic of Ireland & Northern Ireland
Published: 2015/06/21
Channel: WonderWhy
How Many Counties Are There In The UK?
How Many Counties Are There In The UK?
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: Bet Bet Bet
What Is Meant By County In The UK?
What Is Meant By County In The UK?
Published: 2017/10/08
Channel: Bet 2 Bet
Best and worst places to live -UK-
Best and worst places to live -UK-
Published: 2010/01/27
Channel: raggadollcole
The City of London, UK 2015
The City of London, UK 2015
Published: 2015/12/09
Channel: timosha21
The most beautiful villages in UK
The most beautiful villages in UK
Published: 2011/07/11
Channel: World Fairy
The County Of Lancashire, England, United Kingdom
The County Of Lancashire, England, United Kingdom
Published: 2009/04/01
Channel: KingstonWelrow
One Woman, 17 British Accents - Anglophenia Ep 5
One Woman, 17 British Accents - Anglophenia Ep 5
Published: 2014/06/17
Channel: Anglophenia
Berkshire in England  | berkshire points of interest  | Berkshire, county, England, United Kingdom
Berkshire in England | berkshire points of interest | Berkshire, county, England, United Kingdom
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Arongworld
Tour of the counties
Tour of the counties
Published: 2013/03/31
Channel: Andy Blackrock
Is Ireland In The United Kingdom?
Is Ireland In The United Kingdom?
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Oakley Oakley
Is Ireland In The United Kingdom?
Is Ireland In The United Kingdom?
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Funny Question
London and Counties Office Supplies across the UK
London and Counties Office Supplies across the UK
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: Take One Business Communications
Difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain and England
Difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain and England
Published: 2009/04/11
Channel: Medea's Biggest Fan
Is Wales A Province Or A Country?
Is Wales A Province Or A Country?
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: Vincent Vincent
Driving through Hampshire
Driving through Hampshire
Published: 2017/11/20
Channel: Come travel with me
Places to see in ( Shropshire - UK )
Places to see in ( Shropshire - UK )
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: Places to see in
The UK On Thursday Lifted Travel Ban On Mombasa, Kilifi Counties
The UK On Thursday Lifted Travel Ban On Mombasa, Kilifi Counties
Published: 2015/06/19
Channel: K24TV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The counties of the United Kingdom are subnational divisions of the United Kingdom, used for the purposes of administrative, geographical and political demarcation. By the Middle Ages counties had become established as a unit of local government, at least in England[1] By the early 17th century, all of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland had been separated into counties. The older term shire was historically equivalent to "county". In Scotland shire was the only term used until after the Act of Union 1707.

Since the early 19th century, counties have been adapted to meet new administrative and political requirements, and the word county (often with a qualifier) has been used in different senses for different purposes. In some areas of England and Wales, counties still perform the functions of modern local government. In other parts of the United Kingdom, especially within large metropolitan areas, they have been replaced with alternative unitary authorities, which are considered 'county level' authorities.[2] Today, these by and large have replaced the historic county corporate entities granted self-governance with county government powers.

Today, in addition to local government counties, every part of the United Kingdom lies within what is known as one of the historic counties; which have formed geographic and cultural units since the Middle Ages.[3] The names of these regions are often well known, even famous (e.g. "The sheriff of Nottingham", a common county office in an historic county famed from its role in classic popular fiction) seen in older historic geographic, political, and literary (or today, in retrospective media productions) referents.

England[edit]

The historic counties of England, as they were in 1851

The whole of England is divided into 48 ceremonial counties, which are also known as geographic counties. Many of these counties have their basis in the 39 historic counties whose origins lie in antiquity,[4] although some were established as recently as 1974.[5] Outside Greater London and the Isles of Scilly, England is also divided into 83 metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties. These correspond to areas used for the purposes of local government and may consist of a single district or be divided into several. As of April 2009, 27 such counties are divided into districts and have a county council.

Most ceremonial counties correspond to a metropolitan or non-metropolitan county of the same name, but often with reduced boundaries. The current arrangement is the result of incremental reform; from 1974 to 1996 the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties corresponded directly with the ceremonial counties. From 1889 to 1974 areas with county councils were known as administrative counties and ceremonial counties were defined separately.[6]

Northern Ireland[edit]

Counties of Northern Ireland

There are six counties in Northern Ireland. In order of landmass these are; Tyrone, Antrim, Down, Londonderry, Fermanagh and Armagh. A mnemonic to help remember these counties is 'FAT-LAD'.[citation needed]

The six historic counties of Northern Ireland are no longer in use for administrative purposes. Combined with the boroughs of Belfast and Derry, the counties do serve for organisational purposes within government, and often with private businesses and sporting clubs.

The counties of Northern Ireland are all within the historic province of Ulster, which includes an additional three other counties from the Republic of Ireland: Donegal, Cavan and Monaghan.

Scotland[edit]

Scottish counties in 1975

In Scotland, there are 33 local government counties, created under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, they were abolished in 1975 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, in favour of regions and districts and islands council areas. The regions and districts were themselves abolished in 1996, under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994,[7] in favour of unitary Scottish council areas. (The islands areas had been created as unitary council areas, and their boundaries were unaffected.)

The 1889 legislation created county councils, turned each civil county (with one exception) into a contiguous area (without separate fragments) and adjusted boundaries where civil parishes straddled county boundaries, or had fragments in more than one county. The counties of Ross and Cromarty were merged to form Ross and Cromarty.[8]

One region and various districts, created in 1975, had areas similar to those of earlier counties, and various council areas, created in 1996, are also similar. Two of the three islands areas—Orkney and Shetland—have boundaries identical to those of earlier counties.

Scotland has also registration counties, which are in current use. The areas of Scotland that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant are called lieutenancy areas.

Wales[edit]

Historic counties of Wales

The thirteen historic counties of Wales were fixed by statute in 1535 (although counties such as Pembrokeshire date from 1138). The Administrative Counties of Wales created in 1889 were based on these. In 1974 a new system was created using vastly different entities. These were abolished in 1996 and since then Wales has been entirely divided into a system of unitary authorities (also known as principal areas). Eleven of the 22 unitary authorities are legally "counties", and eleven are county boroughs, although informally all are referred to as "counties". The areas of Wales that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant are the preserved counties of Wales; which are combinations of principle areas chosen to approximate the counties constituted in 1974.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bryne, T., Local Government in Britain, (1994)
  2. ^ Jones, B. et al., Politics UK, (2004)
  3. ^ "United Kingdom". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Accessed 9 June 2014.
  4. ^ Hampton, W. (1991). Local Government and Urban Politics. 
  5. ^ Redcliffe-Maud & Wood, B. (1974). English Local Government Reformed. 
  6. ^ Kingdom, J. (1991). Local Government and Politics in Britain. 
  7. ^ OPSI - Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994
  8. ^ Boundaries of Counties and Parishes in Scotland, Hay Shennan, 1892

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