O Couto Misto / O Couto Mixto - (Galicia, Cruce de Miradas) TVG

Channel: AmilCouto   |   2009/01/08
Play Video
1
O Couto Misto / O Couto Mixto - (Galicia, Cruce de Miradas) TVG
O Couto Misto / O Couto Mixto - (Galicia, Cruce de Miradas) TVG
::2009/01/08::
Play Video
2
Caos no Couto Misto
Caos no Couto Misto
::2011/06/14::
Play Video
3
COUTO MIXTO 2012 NOMBRAMIENTO NUEVOS JUECES HONORARIOS. CARLOS NÚÑEZ
COUTO MIXTO 2012 NOMBRAMIENTO NUEVOS JUECES HONORARIOS. CARLOS NÚÑEZ
::2012/07/08::
Play Video
4
Himno do Couto Mixto - Luar
Himno do Couto Mixto - Luar
::2011/07/23::
Play Video
5
Video Couto Mixto ©xurxolobato
Video Couto Mixto ©xurxolobato
::2013/04/10::
Play Video
6
Galicia Orixinal en Couto Mixto
Galicia Orixinal en Couto Mixto
::2013/12/11::
Play Video
7
NOMEAMENTO XUICES COUTO MIXTO 2011
NOMEAMENTO XUICES COUTO MIXTO 2011
::2012/01/26::
Play Video
8
MARIA DO CEO.COUTO MIXTO
MARIA DO CEO.COUTO MIXTO
::2011/07/06::
Play Video
9
2NAFRONTEIRA:Alalá dende Turín
2NAFRONTEIRA:Alalá dende Turín
::2011/02/20::
Play Video
10
Anipólitan
Anipólitan '08 - Couto - Winter (HD)
::2008/03/25::
Play Video
11
Carrilheiras de Barroso 2007 - Rota do Contrabando Tourém
Carrilheiras de Barroso 2007 - Rota do Contrabando Tourém
::2007/06/08::
Play Video
12
COUTO MIXTO .- Pisa 2012
COUTO MIXTO .- Pisa 2012
::2013/01/20::
Play Video
13
Milloverde 2012
Milloverde 2012
::2012/05/14::
Play Video
14
O Couto
O Couto
::2013/09/18::
Play Video
15
Misto
Misto
::2011/06/26::
Play Video
16
O gaiteiro Daniel Alejandro Pazos - (Alala / I Parte) TVG
O gaiteiro Daniel Alejandro Pazos - (Alala / I Parte) TVG
::2009/01/08::
Play Video
17
CoutoMixto
CoutoMixto
::2011/06/14::
Play Video
18
Xantar 2010 Dia de Portugal (Turiviajar.tv)
Xantar 2010 Dia de Portugal (Turiviajar.tv)
::2010/03/19::
Play Video
19
festa das cruzes - barcelos
festa das cruzes - barcelos
::2009/05/10::
Play Video
20
Atlas Histórico da Galiza na   TVG
Atlas Histórico da Galiza na TVG
::2010/01/04::
Play Video
21
Petiscos da Galiza e mais de parte do estrangeiro :)
Petiscos da Galiza e mais de parte do estrangeiro :)
::2010/04/23::
Play Video
22
NAdal Couto 2011
NAdal Couto 2011
::2012/01/24::
Play Video
23
MANUEL MIGUEZ Exhibicion O Couto
MANUEL MIGUEZ Exhibicion O Couto
::2007/11/29::
Play Video
24
Entrevista Antón Reixa
Entrevista Antón Reixa
::2008/05/20::
Play Video
25
Rafa for the Coto
Rafa for the Coto
::2010/07/26::
Play Video
26
Haiku de verano
Haiku de verano
::2006/10/29::
Play Video
27
Prohibido he... aparcar en el cauce público
Prohibido he... aparcar en el cauce público
::2007/05/15::
Play Video
28
Porto - Portugal - Praça da Galiza
Porto - Portugal - Praça da Galiza
::2011/01/28::
Play Video
29
Videoteca AELG de Avelino Pousa Antelo
Videoteca AELG de Avelino Pousa Antelo
::2010/02/08::
Play Video
30
Dia Das Crianças - C.E. Mentor Couto
Dia Das Crianças - C.E. Mentor Couto
::2008/12/05::
Play Video
31
Hector Couto - Sweet Times (2011 Rework)
Hector Couto - Sweet Times (2011 Rework)
::2011/02/10::
Play Video
32
Misto 0x1 Costa Rica
Misto 0x1 Costa Rica
::2014/02/27::
Play Video
33
ACROBATA (Ugia Pedreira & Fred Martins) - "Depressa a vida passa"
ACROBATA (Ugia Pedreira & Fred Martins) - "Depressa a vida passa"
::2012/06/14::
Play Video
34
Parroquias de Galicia A Estrada
Parroquias de Galicia A Estrada
::2012/06/08::
Play Video
35
2naFronteira con Paz Andrade na TVG: Letras Galegas 2012. Catrivium da mapoula
2naFronteira con Paz Andrade na TVG: Letras Galegas 2012. Catrivium da mapoula
::2012/11/20::
Play Video
36
Valentín Paz Andrade. Compromiso con Galicia
Valentín Paz Andrade. Compromiso con Galicia
::2012/02/21::
Play Video
37
Cruce de miradas
Cruce de miradas
::2012/11/15::
Play Video
38
Bem Falado - Sara Ardovini, umha italiana galegofalante
Bem Falado - Sara Ardovini, umha italiana galegofalante
::2011/01/30::
Play Video
39
OTrote do Santos - Apelido Misto Quente - 06/05/2013 (Programa do Ratinho)
OTrote do Santos - Apelido Misto Quente - 06/05/2013 (Programa do Ratinho)
::2013/05/07::
Play Video
40
Paz Andrade Cen chaves de luz
Paz Andrade Cen chaves de luz
::2012/05/17::
Play Video
41
O ANDAR DO ARRIEIRO. SP - Producciones. Vigo.
O ANDAR DO ARRIEIRO. SP - Producciones. Vigo.
::2012/07/12::
Play Video
42
O Concello de Castrelo de Miño é protagonista da reportaxe "A batalla das tarifas eléctricas"
O Concello de Castrelo de Miño é protagonista da reportaxe "A batalla das tarifas eléctricas"
::2012/05/28::
Play Video
43
Mulleres da Raia Trailer
Mulleres da Raia Trailer
::2009/03/08::
Play Video
44
Ricardo Carvalho-Calero - O porvir da lingua TVG (Parte II)
Ricardo Carvalho-Calero - O porvir da lingua TVG (Parte II)
::2009/04/27::
Play Video
45
viejas: dani y dani
viejas: dani y dani
::2008/02/01::
Play Video
46
Construção - execução -montagem de casa-residência sistema estrutural misto-Santa Isabel SP
Construção - execução -montagem de casa-residência sistema estrutural misto-Santa Isabel SP
::2013/08/26::
Play Video
47
María Do Ceo - Orvalhadas orvalheiras.flv
María Do Ceo - Orvalhadas orvalheiras.flv
::2011/04/25::
Play Video
48
Conjunto misto ( vila carmosina IPDA)
Conjunto misto ( vila carmosina IPDA)
::2014/02/02::
Play Video
49
contrabando en arbo.wmv
contrabando en arbo.wmv
::2011/06/17::
Play Video
50
Galicia e Europa
Galicia e Europa
::2012/03/21::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Couto Misto
Microstate

10th century–1868
 


Flag

Motto
"Tres Unum Sunt"  (Latin)
"Three are One"
Map of the Couto Misto
Capital Santiago de Rubiás
Languages Portuguese, Galician
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Republic (Direct Democracy)
Judge
 -  ca 1860 Delfim Modesto Brandão1
History
 -  Foundation 10th century
 -  Partitioned September 29, 1864
 -  Formal annexation June 23, 1868
Area
 -  1845 27 km² (10 sq mi)
Population
 -  1845 est. 800 
     Density 29.6 /km²  (76.7 /sq mi)
1Delfim Modesto Brandão (born in Tourém in 1835), was the second to last head of state, taking office in January 1863, according to his memoirs, and followed by one last "Juiz" whose mandate ceased with the partition and annexation of the territory.[1]

Couto Misto (Portuguese: Couto Misto, Galician: Couto Mixto, Spanish: Coto Mixto) was an independent microstate on the border between Spain and Portugal. It was composed of the villages of Santiago de Rubiás, Rubiás (now in the Spanish municipality of Calvos de Randín), and Meaus (now in the Spanish municipality of Baltar), all located in the Salas Valley, Ourense, Galicia. The territory of the Couto Misto also included a small uninhabited strip now part of the Portuguese municipality of Montalegre.

As a result of complex medieval manorial relations, this land eluded both Portuguese and Spanish control for centuries, actually operating as a sovereign state of its own right until the 1864 Treaty of Lisbon that partitioned the territory between Spain (who annexed most of the land including the three villages) and Portugal (who remained with a smaller uninhabited strip of land). As a de facto independent country, the inhabitants of the Couto Misto had numerous privileges, including exemption from military service and taxes, and could grant asylum to outsiders and deny access to any foreign military contingent.

Origins[edit]

Even though the origins of the Couto Misto remain unclear, the name of this territory is greatly revealing. The term couto (coto in Spanish) comes from the Latin cautes/cautum, which refers generally to an area demarcated with boundary stones (cautos lapideos).[2] According to Ferro Couselo, the term initially referred to the stones used to mark the boundaries of a given territory, but in the Middle Ages it was used to refer to a special set of territories which under the feudal system were exempt from the authority of the King holding a special economical, political and judicial regime.[3] The special jurisdiction of the coutos was maintained through custom and given privileges, sustaining truly independent States within its boundaries that were defended by guards (couteiros).[4]

The adjective misto, meaning "mixed" or "joint", probably refers to the dual manorial links of this territory with the feudal lords from the Duchy of Braganza and the earldom of Monte-Rei. Another interpretation, sustained by oral traditions and some medieval documents (where the terms mystigos or místicos are used, meaning "mystical"), links the origin of the Couto with a myth of a pregnant fugitive princess, allegedly (Saint) Ilduaria Eriz, who found refuge in the villages of this territory and who was to give birth to (Saint) Rudesind Guterri, granting privileges to its inhabitants in gratitude.[5] This explanation may well be based on historical facts, as Ilduaria Eriz, one of the most important Galician aristocrats in the 9th and 10th centuries, had the regions of Limia, where the Couto is located, and what today is northern Portugal under her domains. More so, the birth of Rudesind has actually been placed in the Salas Valley [6]

Several historians have placed the origins of the Couto in the same period of the emergence of the Kingdom of Portugal, somewhere around the 12th century, which is supported by documents that date back to the early 1300s.[7] Initially the Couto was under the jurisdiction of the Piconha Castle (originally Portuguese but now within Spanish territory) but it eventually became tied to the noble houses of Braganza and Monte-Rei.[8] With the extinction of coutos in Portugal, initiated in 1692 and concluded in 1790, the Couto Misto was freed from its feudal ties functioning as a de facto independent state up to its partition and annexation in 1868.

The privileges of Couto Mixto[edit]

  • Nationality
  • Taxes
  • Military service
  • Right to bear arms
  • Official stamps
  • Self-government
  • Right of asylum
  • Fairs and markets
  • Road right-of-way
  • Crops

Current status[edit]

Commemorative plaque on the church of Santiago de Rubiás

Interest for the Couto reemerged in the mid-1990s, leading to new research and subsequent academic publications.[9] A joint summer program was organized by the University of Vigo and the University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro in 1999 focusing on the history of the Couto. In 1998 the nonprofit Couto Misto Friendship Association (Asociación de Amigos do Couto Mixto) was established, followed in 2003 by the Couto Misto Community Association (Asociación de Veciños do Couto Mixto).[10] Both organizations have reestablished the figure of the Homens de Acordo, with one person representing each of the villages, and also that of the Juiz Honorário (Honorary Judge) which is named each year in a ceremony held in the church of Santiago. The Chest of the Three Keys has also been restored with each of the keys being kept under the custody of the current Homens de Acordo.

Political moves regarding the Couto Misto have led to debates and resolutions in the Galician, Spanish and European Parliaments. In May 2007 a motion (Proposición no de ley) was discussed and approved (with 303 votes in favour) by the Spanish Parliament recognizing the singularity of the Couto Mixto as a historical and cultural enclave and calling for measures that allow for the social and economical development of the territory.[11] At the same time a similar motion was approved by the Galician Parliament, also recognizing the historical singularity of the Couto.[12] In 2008 a written question was presented at the European Parliament regarding the European Union's contribution to the revival of the Couto Mixto, defined as an "institution which was politically and administratively independent of the Spanish and Portuguese crowns."[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Modesto Brandon, Delfin (1907). Interesante Historieta del Coto Mixto. Coruña: Tierra Gallega. p. 21. 
  2. ^ Ferro Couselo, Jesús (1952). Los petroglifos de término y las insculturas rupestres de Galicia. Ourense: Talleres gráficos de Miguel López Elizalde. p. 43. 
  3. ^ Ferro Couselo, Jesús (1952). Los petroglifos de término y las insculturas rupestres de Galicia. Ourense: Talleres gráficos de Miguel López Elizalde. p. 53. 
  4. ^ Ferro Couselo, Jesús (1952). Los petroglifos de término y las insculturas rupestres de Galicia. Ourense: Talleres gráficos de Miguel López Elizalde. pp. 60–61. 
  5. ^ Proposición no de Ley relativa al reconocimiento de la singularidad del Couto Mixto como enclave Histórico-Cultural (162/000507), Diario de Sesiones del Congreso de los Diputados, n.º 257 (2007), p. 12883
  6. ^ Pallares Méndez, María del Carmen (2004). Ilduara, una aristócrata del siglo X. Sada: Edicións do Castro. ; A Gran Historia de Galicia IV, vol. 2. Corunha: La Voz de Galicia. 2007. p. 95. 
  7. ^ García Mañá, Luis Manuel (2000). Couto Mixto. Unha república esquecida. Vigo: Universidade de Vigo. pp. 36–37. 
  8. ^ García Mañá, Luis Manuel (2000). Couto Mixto. Unha república esquecida. Vigo: Universidade de Vigo. pp. 40–49. 
  9. ^ Among them: Salinas Valencia, Máximo (2009). O Couto Mixto o seu entorno arraiano e os Pobos Promiscuos. Vigo: Asociación de Amigos do Couto Mixto. ; García Mañá, Luis Manuel (2000). Couto Mixto. Unha república esquecida. Vigo: Universidade de Vigo. ; Centro Cultural Deputación Ourense (2002). Artistas no Couto Mixto: lugares da memoria. Ourense: Deputación Provincial. ; Taboada Cid, Manuel (2002). Afinidades lingüísticas galego-portuguesas no couto mixto e na fronteira de Ourense. Corunha: Fundación Premios da Crítica de Galicia. ; García Mañá, Luis Manuel (1988). La frontera hispano-lusa en la provincia de Ourense (Anexo 11, Boletín Auriense). Ourense: Museo Arqueolóxico Provincial. ; López Mira, Álvaro Xosé (2008). "O Couto Mixto: Autogoberno, fronteiras e soberanías distantes," in Madrygal, 11: 35-39; Rodríguez Cruz, José (2006). "O Couto Mixto. Lendas de tradición Oral," in Lethes, 7: 28-33; Hernández Figueirido, José Ramón (2006). "Couto Mixto, poboacións promiscuas e xeografía ecleasiástica," in Lethes, 7: 34-48; López Mira, Álvaro Xosé (2005). "A crise do estado en zonas fronteirizas: estudo de caso do Couto Mixto como modelo sociopolítico alternativo ao estado," in Pereira Menaut, Antonio Carlos and Rojo Salgado, Arjimiro, Eds., Multiconstitucionalismo e multigoberno: Estados e rexións na Unión Europea. Santiago de Compostela: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, pp. 177–184; Campos, Xosé Maria (2003). "O Couto Misto: a que puido ser a Andorra Galega," in Alborada, December 2003: 48-49; Seara, Eliseu (2002). "O Couto Misto de Rubiás," in Revista Aqvae Flaviae, 28: pp. 41–70; Ledo Cabido, Bieito, Ed. (2002). "Couto Mixto," in Enciclopedia Galega Universal. Vigo: Ir Indo [1]; López Mira, Álvaro Xosé (2001). "O dereito de participación política dos cidadáns do Couto Mixto," in Grial, 152: 575-579; García Mañá, Luís Manuel (2001). "Couto Mixto, unha república esquecida," in Tempo Exterior, 3 [2]; Morais, Maria João Moreira de (2000). "Os povos promsíscuos e o Couto Misto na raia transmontana/ourensana," in Kremer, Dieter, Ed., Actas do VI Congreso Internacional de Estudos Galegos. Trier: Universität Trier, pp. 861–867.
  10. ^ Asociación de Amigos do Couto Mixto; Asociación de Veciños do Couto Mixto
  11. ^ Proposición no de Ley relativa al reconocimiento de la singularidad del Couto Mixto como enclave Histórico-Cultural (162/000507)
  12. ^ Proposición non de lei sobre a divulgación do valor histórico e o desenvolvemento cultural e social do Couto Mixto (07/PNP-0335/20500)
  13. ^ European Parliament Question on the EU contribution to the revival of the Couto Mixto

Further reading[edit]

Books
  • Salinas Valencia, Máximo (2009). O Couto Mixto o seu entorno arraiano e os Pobos Promiscuos. Vigo: Asociación de Amigos do Couto Mixto. 
  • García Mañá, Luis Manuel (2000). Couto Mixto. Unha república esquecida. Vigo: Universidade de Vigo. 
  • Centro Cultural Deputación Ourense (2002). Artistas no Couto Mixto: lugares da memoria. Ourense: Deputación Provincial. 
  • Taboada Cid, Manuel (2002). Afinidades lingüísticas galego-portuguesas no couto mixto e na fronteira de Ourense. Corunha: Fundación Premios da Crítica de Galicia. 
  • García Mañá, Luis Manuel (1988). La frontera hispano-lusa en la provincia de Ourense (Anexo 11, Boletín Auriense). Ourense: Museo Arqueolóxico Provincial. 
  • Costa, João Gonçalves da (1984). Montalegre e Terras de Barroso. Montalegre: Câmara Municipal de Montalegre. 
  • Santos Júnior, Joaquim Rodrigues dos (1943). Povoações mistas da raia transmontana-galaica segundo o inquérito de 1876. Porto: Imp. Portuguesa. 
  • Modesto Brandon, Delfin (1907). Interesante Historieta del Coto Mixto. Corunha: Tierra Gallega. 
Articles
  • López Mira, Álvaro Xosé (2008). "O Couto Mixto: Autogoberno, fronteiras e soberanías distantes," in Madrygal, 11: 35-39.
  • Rodríguez Cruz, José (2006). "O Couto Mixto. Lendas de tradición Oral," in Lethes, 7: 28-33.
  • Hernández Figueirido, José Ramón (2006). "Couto Mixto, poboacións promiscuas e xeografía ecleasiástica," in Lethes, 7: 34-48.
  • López Mira, Álvaro Xosé (2005). "A crise do estado en zonas fronteirizas: estudo de caso do Couto Mixto como modelo sociopolítico alternativo ao estado," in Pereira Menaut, Antonio Carlos and Rojo Salgado, Arjimiro, Eds., Multiconstitucionalismo e multigoberno: Estados e rexións na Unión Europea. Santiago de Compostela: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, pp. 177–184.
  • Campos, Xosé Maria (2003). "O Couto Misto: a que puido ser a Andorra Galega," in Alborada, December 2003: 48-49.
  • Seara, Eliseu (2002). "O Couto Misto de Rubiás," in Revista Aqvae Flaviae, 28: pp. 41–70
  • Ledo Cabido, Bieito, Ed. (2002). "Couto Mixto," in Enciclopedia Galega Universal. Vigo: Ir Indo [3].
  • López Mira, Álvaro Xosé (2001). "O dereito de participación política dos cidadáns do Couto Mixto," in Grial, 152: 575-579.
  • García Mañá, Luís Manuel (2001). "Couto Mixto, unha república esquecida," in Tempo Exterior, 3 [4].
  • Morais, Maria João Moreira de (2000). "Os povos promsíscuos e o Couto Misto na raia transmontana/ourensana," in Kremer, Dieter, Ed., Actas do VI Congreso Internacional de Estudos Galegos. Trier: Universität Trier, pp. 861–867.
  • Costa, João Gonçalves da (1968). "O Couto Misto de Rubiás," in Montalegre e terras de Barroso: notas históricas sobre Montalegre, freguesias do concelho e Região de Barroso. Montalegre: Câmara Municipal de Montalegre, pp. 132 and ss.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°54′05″N 7°49′53″W / 41.9015°N 7.8315°W / 41.9015; -7.8315

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License

Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.

Want to learn more? Please contact us at: hello@mashpedia.com

Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014