|Crenshaw County, Alabama|
Crenshaw County courthouse in Luverne
Location in the U.S. state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||November 30, 1866|
|Named for||Anderson Crenshaw|
|• Total||611 sq mi (1,582 km2)|
|• Land||609 sq mi (1,577 km2)|
|• Water||2.1 sq mi (5 km2), 0.3%|
|• Density||23/sq mi (9/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Crenshaw County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. It is south from the Montgomery metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,906. Its county seat is Luverne. Its name is in honor of an Alabama judge, Anderson Crenshaw.
Crenshaw County was established on November 30, 1866, by the Reconstruction era legislature. It was formed from parts of Butler, Coffee, Covington, Pike and Lowndes counties. While part of the coastal area, this county had relatively infertile soils, limiting agriculture, but enslaved African Americans were still used as workers.
It became a center of timbering in the piney wood, especially after the Montgomery and Florida Railroad Company constructed a line through here in 1886. This provided transport to markets for timber. It connected with Sprague Junction in Montgomery County, Alabama.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 611 square miles (1,580 km2), of which 609 square miles (1,580 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.3%) is water. Much of the land is covered by forests that are used for logging.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,665 people, 5,577 households, and 3,892 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 6,644 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 73.82% White, 24.79% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 0.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,577 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.70% were married couples living together, 15.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,054, and the median income for a family was $31,724. Males had a median income of $27,286 versus $17,703 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,565. About 18.60% of families and 22.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.30% of those under age 18 and 23.50% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 13,906 people, 5,652 households, and 3,882 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 6,735 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 72.6% White, 23.4% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 1.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,652 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.7 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,140, and the median income for a family was $47,685. Males had a median income of $35,598 versus $22,410 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,793. About 13.7% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.5% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.
|2016||72.0% 4,511||26.6% 1,663||1.4% 89|
|2012||67.5% 4,326||31.9% 2,048||0.6% 37|
|2008||68.7% 4,319||30.8% 1,938||0.5% 34|
|2004||68.7% 3,777||30.9% 1,698||0.4% 25|
|2000||58.3% 2,793||40.3% 1,934||1.4% 68|
||Lowndes County||Montgomery County|
|Butler County||Pike County|
|Covington County||Coffee County|
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