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Inside a Gang Initiation with the Silent Murder Crips
Inside a Gang Initiation with the Silent Murder Crips
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: VICE
Inside the East Coast Crips Street Gangs
Inside the East Coast Crips Street Gangs
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: Direct Videos
13 year-old fake blood member meets Crips! (Beyond Scared Straight)
13 year-old fake blood member meets Crips! (Beyond Scared Straight)
Published: 2014/12/14
Channel: That's Dope
List Of Crip Rappers
List Of Crip Rappers
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: HipWiki
Eastside Long Beach Filthy Crips stayed independent from the Insanes
Eastside Long Beach Filthy Crips stayed independent from the Insanes
Published: 2017/09/01
Channel: streetgangs
Crips Doing Real Shit
Crips Doing Real Shit
Published: 2010/02/09
Channel: MyCrips4life
Outlaw Empires:Crips
Outlaw Empires:Crips
Published: 2016/04/02
Channel: GangsterTV
Crips and Bloods 80s interview
Crips and Bloods 80s interview
Published: 2016/05/19
Channel: Upper Playground
Cardi B Runs Into Crips In The Projects
Cardi B Runs Into Crips In The Projects
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: Crunchie Munchie
Bloods and Crips fight 1 IGE CERTIFIED
Bloods and Crips fight 1 IGE CERTIFIED
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Zack Mart
From CRIPS to NBA STAR? The Story of DeMar DeRozan
From CRIPS to NBA STAR? The Story of DeMar DeRozan
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Handles UP
LA Crips Chase Down 2 Bloods Off A Bus REACTION, THOUGHTS & ADVICE!
LA Crips Chase Down 2 Bloods Off A Bus REACTION, THOUGHTS & ADVICE!
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: FlightReacts
Snoop Dogg Responds To Long Beach Crips Running Him Out The Hood.
Snoop Dogg Responds To Long Beach Crips Running Him Out The Hood.
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: ForbezDVDPromo
Acacia BloCC Compton Crips
Acacia BloCC Compton Crips
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: Марат Сафин
LOS ANGELES CRIPS BREAKDOWN REAL CRIPS
LOS ANGELES CRIPS BREAKDOWN REAL CRIPS
Published: 2013/08/08
Channel: KING STROMAN
Bloods & Crips Shooting
Bloods & Crips Shooting
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: Eazy-E Ruthless Records
The KKK vs. the Crips vs. Memphis City Council (Full Length)
The KKK vs. the Crips vs. Memphis City Council (Full Length)
Published: 2013/06/06
Channel: VICE
Rappers Who are Crips (Crip Gang Members)
Rappers Who are Crips (Crip Gang Members)
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: INSFLX
Crips and Bloods Unite with The Game, Snoop Dogg and Problem
Crips and Bloods Unite with The Game, Snoop Dogg and Problem
Published: 2016/07/10
Channel: Keenan Chapman
Inside Bloods And Crips LA Gangs Documentary
Inside Bloods And Crips LA Gangs Documentary
Published: 2012/11/28
Channel: drugswar1
THE FIRST EVER CRIP VS CRIP BEEF - 107 HOOVERS VS NEIGHBORHOOD
THE FIRST EVER CRIP VS CRIP BEEF - 107 HOOVERS VS NEIGHBORHOOD
Published: 2017/03/09
Channel: V6ixteen Sports & Entertainment Network
19th Street Crips on the Eastside of Long Beach, are the Mexican gangs racist?
19th Street Crips on the Eastside of Long Beach, are the Mexican gangs racist?
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: streetgangs
So is 6ix9ine Crip or Blood.... or both?
So is 6ix9ine Crip or Blood.... or both?
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: Rare Snapchats
Polyfest 2017 KFC Fight Bloods vs Crips Part 2
Polyfest 2017 KFC Fight Bloods vs Crips Part 2
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Epic N Fun
Brik Boy Crips in Northside Long Beach address Snoop Dogg situation
Brik Boy Crips in Northside Long Beach address Snoop Dogg situation
Published: 2016/04/15
Channel: streetgangs
CRIPS ON THE WEST COAST CALL OUT WACK 100 OVER HIS CONTINUING DISRESPECT TOWARDS TUPAC 💯✊
CRIPS ON THE WEST COAST CALL OUT WACK 100 OVER HIS CONTINUING DISRESPECT TOWARDS TUPAC 💯✊
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: Caster aka BadMan
Blood V.S. Crip
Blood V.S. Crip
Published: 2017/09/02
Channel: Dazzling Baby
WHO WILL WIN? BLOODS VS CRIPS (GTA 5 ONLINE)
WHO WILL WIN? BLOODS VS CRIPS (GTA 5 ONLINE)
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: krypto9095
Gangs RACIAL WAR Documentary - Bloods Vs Crips Vs Surenos
Gangs RACIAL WAR Documentary - Bloods Vs Crips Vs Surenos
Published: 2017/01/22
Channel: DocoZone
Crips - Steady Dippin
Crips - Steady Dippin'
Published: 2009/11/27
Channel: Str8UpGz
1992 SPECIAL REPORT: "BLOOD
1992 SPECIAL REPORT: "BLOOD'S & CRIPS PEACE TREATY"
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Hezakya Newz & Music
GTA 5 ONLINE -  BLOODS VS CRIPS WHO WILL WIN?
GTA 5 ONLINE - BLOODS VS CRIPS WHO WILL WIN?
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: krypto9095
RAYMOND AVENUE CRIPS VS LEGENDK CRIPS
RAYMOND AVENUE CRIPS VS LEGENDK CRIPS
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: Century Raymonds
GTA 5 ONLINE -  BLOODS VS CRIPS
GTA 5 ONLINE - BLOODS VS CRIPS
Published: 2016/12/10
Channel: krypto9095
BLOODS VS CRIPS AT THE PARK! 😱 WE GOT INTO A FIGHT??? NBA 2K18 WARZ
BLOODS VS CRIPS AT THE PARK! 😱 WE GOT INTO A FIGHT??? NBA 2K18 WARZ
Published: 2017/10/27
Channel: P2istheName
Crips And Bloods Made In America 2008 RUS русский перевод
Crips And Bloods Made In America 2008 RUS русский перевод
Published: 2015/07/09
Channel: Юрий Остапец
Hardest Gangs In The World ~ The Crips Hardest Gangs Full Documentary
Hardest Gangs In The World ~ The Crips Hardest Gangs Full Documentary
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: Documentary Show Tv
BLOODS VS CRIPS LIFE  GOLD DIGGER (GTA 5 SKIT)
BLOODS VS CRIPS LIFE GOLD DIGGER (GTA 5 SKIT)
Published: 2017/10/01
Channel: krypto9095
Crips - Slob 187
Crips - Slob 187
Published: 2007/05/30
Channel: Ram Neamat
GTA 5 | BLOODS VS CRIPS EP. 19 [HQ]
GTA 5 | BLOODS VS CRIPS EP. 19 [HQ]
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: DraineoTV
Życie Poza Prawem || Crips Lektor PL cały program
Życie Poza Prawem || Crips Lektor PL cały program
Published: 2013/03/29
Channel: ERNi Purple
AD & Sorry Jaynari "Crip Lives Matter" Feat. G. Perico (WSHH Exclusive - Official Music Video)
AD & Sorry Jaynari "Crip Lives Matter" Feat. G. Perico (WSHH Exclusive - Official Music Video)
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: WORLDSTARHIPHOP
Bloods & Crips - Nationwide R.I.P. Ridaz (HD) ‌‌ - Bohemia After Dark
Bloods & Crips - Nationwide R.I.P. Ridaz (HD) ‌‌ - Bohemia After Dark
Published: 2009/06/08
Channel: BVMUndergroundHipHop
REPORTAGES enquete choc gang extreme de L.A les Crips 1080i hd complet
REPORTAGES enquete choc gang extreme de L.A les Crips 1080i hd complet
Published: 2015/03/27
Channel: rifton du 94 maroc 2
Świat Gangów: Crips albo śmierć [CRIPS]
Świat Gangów: Crips albo śmierć [CRIPS]
Published: 2015/05/06
Channel: GANGLAND
Snoop Dogg - M.A.C.A. (Make America Crip Again) 2017
Snoop Dogg - M.A.C.A. (Make America Crip Again) 2017
Published: 2017/10/19
Channel: Long Beach Finest
Crips Hollands Härteste Gang Doku deutsch
Crips Hollands Härteste Gang Doku deutsch
Published: 2015/05/09
Channel: Leonor Mark
Prosto z Ameryki: Bloods & Crips
Prosto z Ameryki: Bloods & Crips
Published: 2015/05/06
Channel: GANGLAND
Famous Crips
Famous Crips
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: Bloods Crips
BLOODS vs CRIPS IN ROBLOX
BLOODS vs CRIPS IN ROBLOX
Published: 2017/09/14
Channel: GamingWithKev
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For "Crip theory", see Disability studies.
Crips
Crip tattoos.jpg
Crip gang member with tattoos.
Founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams
Founding location Los Angeles, California,
United States
Years active 1969–present
Territory United States[1]
Ethnicity Mostly African American[1]
Membership (est.) 30,000 to 55,000 in 2008[2]
Criminal activities Drug trafficking, robbery, extortion, murder, burglary, racketeering, illegal gambling, theft[1]
Allies Folk Nation,[3] Gangster Disciples,[4][5] Tiny Rascal Gang[6], La Raza Nation,[1] Black Guerrilla Family,[7] Juggalos[8] Asian Boyz, D.C. Blacks
Rivals Bloods, United Blood Nation, Pirus, Piru Street Boys, Sureños (certain sets), Norteños, Latin Kings,[3] People Nation, Ñetas, Tree Top Pirus, Avenue Piru Gang

The Crips also known as Original Crip Homies (OCH) are a primarily African-American gang. They were founded in Los Angeles, California in 1969 mainly by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. What was once a single alliance between two autonomous gangs is now a loosely connected network of individual sets, often engaged in open warfare with one another. Its members traditionally wear blue clothing, a practice that has waned somewhat due to police crackdowns on gang members.

The Crips are one of the largest and most violent associations of street gangs in the United States,[1] with an estimated 30,000 to 35,000 members in 2008.[2] They have been involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing, among other crimes.

Crips have a long and bitter rivalry with the Bloods.

History

Stanley Tookie Williams met Raymond Lee Washington in 1969, and the two decided to unite their local gang members from the west and east sides of South Central Los Angeles in order to battle neighboring street gangs. Most of the members were 17 years old.[9] Williams discounted the sometimes cited founding date of 1969 in his memoir, Blue Rage, Black Redemption.[9] Gang activity in South Central Los Angeles has its roots in a variety of factors dating back to the 1950s and '60s, including post-World War II economic decline leading to joblessness and poverty, racial segregation leading to the formation of black "street clubs" by young African American men who were excluded from organizations such as the Boy Scouts, and the waning of black nationalist organizations such as the Black Panther Party and the Black Power Movement.[10][11][12][13]

By 1978, there were 45 Crips gangs, called sets, operating in Los Angeles. They were heavily involved in the production of PCP, marijuana and amphetamines. On March 11, 1979, Stanley Tookie Williams, a member of Westside Crips, was arrested for four murders and then on August 8, 1979, Raymond Washington was gunned down. Washington had been against Crip infighting and after his death several Crip sets started fighting against each other. The Crips leadership was dismantled prompting a deadly gang war between the Rollin' 60 Neighborhood Crips and Eight Tray Gangster Crips which began causing nearby Crip sets to choose sides and align themselves with either the Gangster Crips or Neighborhood Crips waging an all out war in South Central and other cities. The East Coast Crips and the Hoover Crips directly severed their alliance after Washington's death. By 1980 the Crips were in turmoil, warring with the Bloods and against each other. The growth and power of the gang really took off in the early 1980s when crack cocaine hit the streets. In the early 1980s Crips sets began distributing crack cocaine in Los Angeles. The huge profits from distribution of crack cocaine induced many Crips to establish new markets in other cities and states. As a result, Crip membership grew steadily and by late 1980s it was one of the largest street gangs in the country.[14][15] In 1999, there were at least 600 Crips sets with more than 30,000 members transporting drugs in the United States.[1]

Etymology

Crip graffiti tag in Olympia, Washington

Some sources suggest that the original name for the alliance, "Cribs", was a name narrowed down from a list of many options, and chosen unanimously from three final choices, which included the Black Overlords, and the Assassins. Cribs was chosen to reflect the young age of the majority of the gang members. The name "Cribs" evolved into the name "Crips" when gang members began carrying around canes to display their "pimp" status. People in the neighborhood then began calling them cripples, or "Crips" for short.[16] A Los Angeles Sentinel article in February 1972 referred to some members as "Crips" (for cripples).[1] Another source suggests "Crips" may have evolved from "Cripplers", a 1970s street gang in Watts of which Raymond Washington was a member.[17] The name had no political, organizational, cryptic, or acronymic meaning, though some have suggested it stands for "Common Revolution In Progress", a backronym. According to the film Bastards of the Party directed by a member of the Bloods, the name represented "Community Revolutionary Interparty Service" or "Community Reform Interparty Service". Williams, in his memoir, further refuted claims that the group was a spin-off of the Black Panther Party or formed for a community agenda, the name "depicted a fighting alliance against street gangs—nothing more, nothing less."[9] Washington, who attended Fremont High School, was the leader of the East Side Crips, and Williams, who attended Washington High School, led the West Side Crips.

A Crip gang signal

Williams recalled that a blue bandana was first worn by Crips founding member Buddha, as a part of his color-coordinated clothing of blue Levi's, a blue shirt, and dark blue suspenders. A blue bandana was worn in tribute to Buddha after he was shot and killed on February 23, 1973, which eventually became the color of blue associated with Crips.[9]

Chain of command

Initially, Crips leaders did not occupy leadership positions, but were recognized as leaders because of their personal charisma and influence. These leaders gave priority to expanding the gang's membership to increase its power. The gang became increasingly violent as they attempted to expand their turf.

Membership

The Crips have over 800 sets with 30,000 to 35,000 members and associate members, including more than 13,000 members in Los Angeles.[when?] The states with the highest estimated number of "Crips sets" are California, Florida and Illinois. Members typically consist of young African-American men, with some members being white, Hispanic, Asian, and Pacific Islander.[1]

In 1992 the LAPD estimated 15,742 Crips in 108 sets; other source estimates were 30,000 to 35,000 in 600 sets in California.[18]

Crips have served in the United States armed forces and on bases in the United States and abroad.[19]

Crip on Crip rivalries

The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more youth gangs joined; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1, sparking disputes with non-Crip gangs, including the L.A. Brims, Athens Park Boys, the Bishops, The Drill Company, and the Denver Lanes. By 1971 the gang's notoriety had spread across Los Angeles.

By 1971, a gang on Piru Street in Compton, California, known as the Piru Street Boys, was formed and associated themselves with the Crips as a set. After two years of peace, a feud began between the Piru Street Boys and the other Crip sets. It would later turn violent as gang warfare ensued between former allies. This battle continued and by 1973, the Piru Street Boys wanted to end the violence and called a meeting with other gangs that were targeted by the Crips. After a long discussion, the Pirus broke all connections to the Crips and started an organization that would later be called the Bloods,[20] a street gang infamous for its rivalry with the Crips.

Since then, other conflicts and feuds were started between many of the remaining sets of the Crips gang. It is a popular misconception that Crips sets feud only with Bloods. In reality, they fight each other—for example, the Rolling 60s Neighborhood Crips and 83 Gangster Crips have been rivals since 1979. In Watts, Los Angeles, the Grape Street Crips and the PJ Watts Crips have feuded so much that the PJ Watts Crips even teamed up with a local Blood set, the Bounty Hunter Bloods, to fight against the Grape Street Crips.[21] In the mid 1990s, the Hoover Crips rivalries and wars with other Crip gangs caused them to become independent and to refrain from using the Crip name, calling themselves the Hoover Criminals instead of Hoover Crips.

Alliances and rivalries

Rivalry with Bloods

The primary rival of the Crips is the Bloods street-gang. The rivalry dates back to the 1960s when Raymond Washington and several other Crips confronted Sylvester Scott and Benson Owens, students at Centennial High School. In response to the attack, Scott, who lived in Compton, established the Piru street-gang, the first "Bloods" street gang. Owens established the West Piru street-gang. The Bloods street-gang was initially formed to provide members protection from the Crips.[22] In late 1972, several gangs that felt victimized by the Crips due to their escalating attacks joined the Piru Street Boys to create a new federation of non-Crip gangs which would later become known as Bloods. Between 1972 and 1979, the rivalry between the Bloods and Crips would grow, accounting for a majority of the gang-related murders in southern Los Angeles. Gang members of the Bloods and Crips occasionally fight against each other and are responsible for a significant portion of gang-related murders in Los Angeles.[23]

Alliance with Folk Nation

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, as many Crip gang members were being sent to various prisons across the country, an alliance was formed between the Crips and the Folk Nation in Midwest and Southern U.S. prisons. This alliance was established as a means of protecting gang members incarcerated in state and federal and prison systems. This alliance is strong within the prisons however is less effective outside them. The alliance between Folks and Crips is known as 8-ball. A broken 8-ball would indicate a beef or disagreement between Folks and Crips.[14]

Practices

"BK" ("blood killer") graffiti, Alexandria, Virginia

Some practices of Crip gang life generally include graffiti and substitutions and deletions of particular letters of the alphabet. The letter "b" in the word "blood" will be "disrespected" among certain sets and written with a cross inside it because of its association with the enemy. The letters "CK", which stand for "Crip killer", will be avoided and substituted with a double "cc", and the letter "b" will be replaced. The words "kick back" will instead be written as "kicc bkacc". Many other letters are also altered due to symbolic associations.[24] Crips traditionally refer to each other as "Cuzz", which itself is sometimes used as a moniker for Crip. "Crab" is the most disrespectful epithet to call a Crip, and can warrant fatal retaliation.[25] Crips in prison modules during the 1970s and 1980s would sometimes speak in Swahili to maintain privacy from guards and rival gangs.[26]

See also

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h U.S. Department of Justice, Crips.
  2. ^ a b "Appendix B. National-Level Street, Prison, and Outlaw Motorcycle Gang Profiles - Attorney General's Report to Congress on the Growth of Violent Street Gangs in Suburban Areas (UNCLASSIFIED)". www.justice.gov. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Los Angeles-based Gangs — Bloods and Crips". Florida Department of Corrections. Archived from the original on 2002-10-27. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  4. ^ "Crips". Gang Prevention Services. Archived from the original on 2009-05-12. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  5. ^ "Black Gangster Disciples". Gang Prevention Services. Archived from the original on 2011-02-05. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  6. ^ Los Angeles Gangs and Hate Crimes, Police Law Enforcement Magazine February 29 2008
  7. ^ "Major Prison Gangs(continued)". Gangs and Security Threat Group Awareness. Florida Department of Corrections. Archived from the original on 2010-03-12. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  8. ^ http://info.publicintelligence.net/NGIC-Juggalos.pdf
  9. ^ a b c d Williams, Stanley Tookie; Smiley, Tavis (2007). Blue Rage, Black Redemption. Simon & Schuster. pp. xvii–xix, 91–92, 136. ISBN 1-4165-4449-6.
  10. ^ Stacy Peralta (Director), Stacy Peralta & Sam George (writers), Baron Davis et al. (producer), Steve Luczo, Quincy “QD3” Jones III (executive producer) (2009). Crips and Bloods: Made in America (TV-Documentary). PBS Independent Lens series. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  11. ^ "Timeline: South Central Los Angeles". PBS (part of the "Crips and Bloods: Made in America" TV documentary). April 21, 2009. Retrieved May 15, 2009. 
  12. ^ Sharkey, Betsy (2009-02-06). "Review: 'Crips and Bloods: Made in America'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 16, 2009. 
  13. ^ Cle Sloan (Director), Antoine Fuqua and Cle Sloan (producer), Jack Gulick (executive producer) (2009). Keith Salmon, ed. Bastards of the Party (TV-Documentary). HBO. Retrieved May 15, 2009. 
  14. ^ a b "Gangland". google.co.in. 
  15. ^ "Black Los Angeles". google.co.in. 
  16. ^ "Los Angeles". Inside. National Geographic Channel. Retrieved June 21, 2009. 
  17. ^ Dunn, William (2008). Boot: An LAPD Officer's Rookie Year in South Central Los Angeles. iUniverse. p. 76. 
  18. ^ Covey, Herbert. Crips and Bloods: A Guide to an American Subculture: A Guide to an American Subculture. p. 9. 
  19. ^ "Gangs Increasing in Military, FBI Says". Military.com. McClatchy-Tribune Information Services. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  20. ^ Capozzoli, Thomas and McVey, R. Steve (1999). Kids Killing Kids: Managing Violence and Gangs in Schools. St. Lucie Press, Boca Raton, Florida, p. 72. ISBN 1-57444-283-X.
  21. ^ "War and Peace in Watts" (2005-07-14). LA Weekly. Retrieved 2007-05-04.
  22. ^ "Gangland". google.co.in. 
  23. ^ "Black Los Angeles". google.co.in. 
  24. ^ Smith, Debra; Whitmore, Kathryn F. (2006). Literacy and Advocacy in Adolescent Family, Gang, School, and Juvenile Court Communities. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. ISBN 0-8058-5599-8.
  25. ^ Simpson, Colton (2005). Inside the Crips: Life Inside L.A.'s Most Notorious Gang. St. Martin's Press. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-312-32930-3. 
  26. ^ Simpson, Colton (2005). Inside the Crips: Life Inside L.A.'s Most Notorious Gang. St. Martin's Press. pp. 122–124. ISBN 978-0-312-32930-3. 

General

  • Leon Bing (1991). Do or Die: America's Most Notorious Gangs Speak for Themselves. Sagebrush. ISBN 0-8335-8499-5
  • Yusuf Jah, Sister Shah'keyah, Ice-T, UPRISING : Crips and Bloods Tell the Story of America's Youth In The Crossfire, ISBN 0-684-80460-3
  • Capozzoli, Thomas og McVey, R. Steve (1999). Kids Killing Kids: Managing Violence and Gangs in Schools. St. Lucie Press, Boca Raton, Florida, side. 72 ISBN 1-57444-283-X
  • National Drug Intelligence Center (2002). Drugs and Crime: Gang Profile: Crips (PDF). U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 2009-06-21.  Product no. 2002-M0465-001.
  • Shakur, Sanyika (1993). Monster: The Autobiography of an L.A. Gang Member, Atlantic Monthly Pr, ISBN 0-87113-535-3
  • Colton Simpson, Ann Pearlman, Ice-T (Foreword) (2005). Inside the Crips : Life Inside L.A.'s Most Notorious Gang (HB) ISBN 0-312-32929-6
  • Smith, Debra; Whitmore, Kathryn F. (2006). Literacy and Advocacy in Adolescent Family, Gang, School, and Juvenile Court Communities. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. ISBN 0-8058-5599-8.
  • Stanley Tookie Williams (2005). Blue Rage, Black Redemption: A Memoir (PB) ISBN 0-9753584-0-5

External links

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