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Gangland - Clash of the Crips HD (Season 7 Episode 8) (History Channel)
Gangland - Clash of the Crips HD (Season 7 Episode 8) (History Channel)
::2012/12/22::
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Inside Bloods And Crips LA Gangs Documentary
Inside Bloods And Crips LA Gangs Documentary
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Crips ★ Hardest Gangs 2013 ★ Documentary
Crips ★ Hardest Gangs 2013 ★ Documentary
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Documentaire over Crips in Den Haag - Crips, Strapped
Documentaire over Crips in Den Haag - Crips, Strapped 'n strong
::2014/01/28::
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Bloods & Crips - Why We Bang (Documentary)
::2013/03/03::
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Crips In Compton Part 1
Crips In Compton Part 1
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Acacia Blocc Compton Crips pt.01
Acacia Blocc Compton Crips pt.01
::2014/04/05::
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Blood vs crip turns into a brawl
Blood vs crip turns into a brawl
::2014/01/22::
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GTA 5 Crips & Bloods Part 8 [HD]
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Crips: Strapped
Crips: Strapped 'n' Strong
::2010/07/07::
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Face talks about living in Imperial Court Housing projects, PJay Watts Crips
Face talks about living in Imperial Court Housing projects, PJay Watts Crips
::2013/04/10::
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Crips vs Bloods 2013 - Gangs War Documentary
Crips vs Bloods 2013 - Gangs War Documentary
::2013/09/06::
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GTA 5 Crips & Bloods Part 10 [HD]
GTA 5 Crips & Bloods Part 10 [HD]
::2014/07/12::
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The KKK vs. the Crips vs. Memphis City Council (Part 1/4)
The KKK vs. the Crips vs. Memphis City Council (Part 1/4)
::2013/05/28::
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The KKK vs. the Crips vs. Memphis City Council (Full Length)
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GTA 5 (Crips & Bloods Part 1) [HD]
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::2013/10/25::
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The Peacemaker Playboy Gangster Crips Vs Mansfield Gangster Crips
::2013/05/28::
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Los Angeles Mafia Crips 1989
Los Angeles Mafia Crips 1989
::2013/11/10::
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Hitman from Q102 East Coast Crips talks about getting shot during genesis of Grape Street beef
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::2014/01/15::
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Compton Crips Active Gangs 2014!!
::2014/02/13::
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♥ Epic Moments - #101 CRIPS
::2014/05/23::
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GTA 5 Crips & Bloods Part 5 [HD]
GTA 5 Crips & Bloods Part 5 [HD]
::2014/01/16::
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GTA 5 Crips & Bloods Part 6 [HD]
GTA 5 Crips & Bloods Part 6 [HD]
::2014/02/19::
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Świat Gangów: Crips albo Śmierć [Gangland PL][Crips]
Świat Gangów: Crips albo Śmierć [Gangland PL][Crips]
::2013/07/17::
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August Bleu aka Scooby from 83 Gangster Crips talks about getting shot on the eastside of LA
August Bleu aka Scooby from 83 Gangster Crips talks about getting shot on the eastside of LA
::2014/02/14::
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GTA 5 Crips & Bloods Part 9 [HD]
GTA 5 Crips & Bloods Part 9 [HD]
::2014/06/22::
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HILLTOP CRIPS PITTSBURGH PA
HILLTOP CRIPS PITTSBURGH PA
::2013/04/17::
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RJ (Pushaz Ink) - Crips, Hoovers and Bloods (YG Remix) [Takin Niggas Beats]
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::2014/07/15::
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Rick Ross On Crips Wanted LIST! (illuminati exposed)
Rick Ross On Crips Wanted LIST! (illuminati exposed)
::2012/10/29::
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Życie Poza Prawem || Crips Lektor PL cały program
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Gangland - Clash of the Crips Season 6 Episode 20 (1 of 5)
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::2010/07/10::
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Bloods & Crips "Steady Dippin
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Bloods & Crips - Bangin
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::2014/01/26::
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GTA 4 (Crips & Bloods) [HD]
GTA 4 (Crips & Bloods) [HD]
::2013/06/23::
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The Game - 100 Bloods 100 Crips
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Crips Documentary Part 1
Crips Documentary Part 1
::2007/07/08::
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GTA 5 (Crips & Bloods Part 2) [HD]
GTA 5 (Crips & Bloods Part 2) [HD]
::2013/10/27::
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Grape Street Watts Crips: Documentary
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GTA 4 (Crips & Bloods Part 3) [HD]
::2013/08/05::
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RJ - Crips, Hoovers, And Bloods [YG Remix] [Prod. By DJ Mustard] New 2014]
RJ - Crips, Hoovers, And Bloods [YG Remix] [Prod. By DJ Mustard] New 2014]
::2014/07/15::
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GTA 5 Bloods vs Crips Ep 3
GTA 5 Bloods vs Crips Ep 3
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Reportage Guerre des gangs Blood Vs Crips - Fr Film Entier -
Reportage Guerre des gangs Blood Vs Crips - Fr Film Entier -
::2013/05/18::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Crips
150
Crip gang member with tattoos.
Founding location Los Angeles, California,
United States
Years active 1969–present
Territory United States[1]
Ethnicity Mostly African American[1]
Membership 30,000 to 35,000[2]
Criminal activities Drug trafficking, robbery, extortion, murder, burglary, theft[1]
Allies Folk Nation,[3] Gangster Disciples,[4][5] La Raza Nation,[1] Black Guerrilla Family,[3] Juggalos[6]
Rivals Bloods,[3] People Nation, Ñetas, Hoover Criminals[7] The Avenues[8]

The Crips are a primarily, but not exclusively, African-American gang. They were founded in Los Angeles, California, in 1969 mainly by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. What was once a single alliance between two autonomous gangs is now a loosely connected network of individual sets, often engaged in open warfare with one another.

The Crips are one of the largest and most violent associations of street gangs in the United States,[1] with an estimated 30,000 to 35,000 members. The gang is known to be involved in murders, robberies, and drug dealing, among many other criminal pursuits. The gang is known for its gang members' use of the color blue in their clothing. However, this practice has waned due to police crackdowns on gang members.

Crips are publicly known to have an intense and bitter rivalry with the Bloods. Crips have been documented in the U.S. military, found in bases in the United States and abroad.[9]

History

Stanley Tookie Williams met Raymond Lee Washington in 1969, and the two decided to unite their local gang members from the west and east sides of South Central Los Angeles in order to battle neighboring street gangs. Most of the members were 17 years old.[10] Williams discounted the sometimes cited founding date of 1969 in his memoir, Blue Rage, Black Redemption.[10] Gang activity in South Central Los Angeles has its roots in a variety of factors dating back to the 1950s and '60s, including post-World War II economic decline leading to joblessness and poverty, racial segregation leading to the formation of black "street clubs" by young African American men who were excluded from organizations such as the Boy Scouts, and the waning of black nationalist organizations such as the Black Panther Party and the Black Power Movement.[11][12][13][14]

Etymology

The original name for the alliance was "Cribs," a name narrowed down from a list of many options, and chosen unanimously from three final choices, which included the Black Overlords, and the Assassins. Cribs was chosen to reflect the young age of the majority of the gang members. The name "Cribs" evolved into the name "Crips" when gang members began carrying around canes to display their "pimp" status. People in the neighborhood then began calling them cripples, or "Crips" for short.[15] A Los Angeles Sentinel article in February 1972 referred to some members as "Crips" (for cripples).[1] The name had no political, organizational, cryptic, or acronymic meaning, though some have suggested it stands for "Common Revolution In Progress", a backronym. According to the film Bastards of the Party directed by a member of the Bloods, the name represented "Community Revolutionary Interparty Service" or "Community Reform Interparty Service". Williams, in his memoir, further refuted claims that the group was a spin-off of the Black Panther Party or formed for a community agenda, the name "depicted a fighting alliance against street gangs—nothing more, nothing less."[10] Washington, who attended Fremont High School, was the leader of the East Side Crips, and Williams, who attended Washington High School, led the West Side Crips.

Crip showing a gang signal.

Williams recalled that a blue bandana was first worn by Crips founding member Buddha, as a part of his color-coordinated clothing of blue Levi's, a blue shirt, and dark blue suspenders. A blue bandana was worn in tribute to Buddha after he was shot and killed on February 23, 1973, which eventually became the color of blue associated with Crips.[10]

Chain of Command

Initially Crips leaders did not occupy leadership positions, but were recognized as leaders because of their personal charisma and influence. These leaders gave priority to expanding the gang's membership to increase its power. By 1978, there were 45 Crips gangs, called sets, operating in Los Angeles. The gang became increasingly violent as they attempted to expand their turf.

Funding

By the early 1980s the gang was heavily involved with drug trade.[16] Some of these Crips sets began to produce and distribute PCP (phencyclidine) within the city. They also began to distribute marijuana and amphetamine in Los Angeles. In the early 1980s Crips sets began distributing crack cocaine in Los Angeles. The huge profits resulting from crack cocaine distribution induced many Crips members to establish new markets in other cities and states. In addition, many young men in other states adopted the Crips name and lifestyle. As a result of these two factors, Crips membership increased throughout the 1980s, making it one of the largest street gang associations in the country.[1] In 1999, there were at least 600 Crips sets with more than 30,000 members transporting drugs in the United States.[1]

Membership

Crips has over 800 sets with 30,000 to 35,000 members and associate members, including more than 13,000 members in Los Angeles. The states with the highest estimated number of Crips sets are California, Florida and Illinois . Members typically consist of young African-American men, with some members being white, Hispanic, Asian, and Pacific Islander.[1]

Crip on Crip rivalries

The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more youth gangs joined; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1, sparking disputes with non-Crip gangs, including the L.A. Brims, Athens Park Boys, the Bishops, The Drill Company, and the Denver Lanes. By 1971 the gang's notoriety had spread across Los Angeles.

By 1971, a gang on Piru Street in Compton, California, known as the Piru Street Boys, was formed and associated themselves with the Crips as a set. After two years of peace, a feud began between the Piru Street Boys and the other Crip sets. It would later turn violent as gang warfare ensued between former allies. This battle continued and by 1973, the Piru Street Boys wanted to end the violence and called a meeting with other gangs that were targeted by the Crips. After a long discussion, the Pirus broke all connections to the Crips and started an organization that would later be called the Bloods,[17] a street gang infamous for its rivalry with the Crips.

Since then, other conflicts and feuds were started between many of the remaining sets of the Crips gang. It is a popular misconception that Crips sets feud only with Bloods. In reality, they fight each other—for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips have been rivals since 1979. In Watts, Los Angeles, the Grape Street Watts Crips and the P Jay Crips have feuded so much that the P Jay Crips even teamed up with the local Bloods set, the Bounty Hunter Bloods, to fight against the Grape Street Crips.[18]

Practices

Crip graffiti tag in Olympia, Washington.

Some practices of Crip gang life generally include rapping, graffiti and substitutions and deletions of particular letters of the alphabet. The letter "b" in the word "blood" will be "disrespected" among certain sets and written with a cross inside it because of its association with the enemy. The letters "CK", which stand for "Crip killer", will be avoided and substituted with a double "cc", and the letter "b" will be replaced. The words "kick back" will instead be written as "kicc bkacc". Many other letters are also altered due to symbolic associations.[19] Crips traditionally refer to each other as "Cuzz", which itself is sometimes used as a moniker for Crip. "Crab" is the most disrespectful epithet to call a Crip, and can warrant fatal retaliation.[20] Crips in prison modules during the 1970s and 80s would speak in Kiswahili to maintain privacy among guards and rival gangs.[21]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i U.S. Department of Justice, Crips.
  2. ^ Juvenile Delinquency: The Core, 5th ed. By Larry J. Siegel, Page 225
  3. ^ a b c "Los Angeles-based Gangs — Bloods and Crips". Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  4. ^ "Crips". Gang Prevention Services. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  5. ^ "Black Gangster Disciples". Gang Prevention Services. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  6. ^ http://info.publicintelligence.net/NGIC-Juggalos.pdf
  7. ^ Gold, Scott (2009-09-18). "A gang feud's fallout". The Los Angeles Times. 
  8. ^ Audi, Tamara (2011-06-08). "Latino Gang Targeted Blacks, U.S. Says - WSJ.com". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved 2013-03-15. 
  9. ^ "Gangs Increasing in Military, FBI Says". Military.com. McClatchy-Tribune Information Services. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  10. ^ a b c d Williams, Stanley Tookie; Smiley, Tavis (2007). Blue Rage, Black Redemption. Simon & Schuster. pp. xvii–xix, 91–92, 136. ISBN 1-4165-4449-6.
  11. ^ Washington was murdered August 9, 1979 and Williams was executed December 13, 2005. Baron Davis et al. (producer), Steve Luczo, Quincy “QD3” Jones III (executive producer) (2009). Crips and Bloods: Made in America (TV-Documentary). PBS Independent Lens series. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  12. ^ "Timeline: South Central Los Angeles". PBS (part of the "Crips and Bloods: Made in America" TV documentary). 2009-04-21. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  13. ^ Sharkey, Betsy (2009-02-06). "Review: 'Crips and Bloods: Made in America'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  14. ^ Cle Sloan (Director), Antoine Fuqua and Cle Sloan (producer), Jack Gulick (executive producer) (2009). Keith Salmon, ed. Bastards of the Party (TV-Documentary). HBO. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  15. ^ "Los Angeles". Inside. National Geographic Channel. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  16. ^ Crip History
  17. ^ Capozzoli, Thomas and McVey, R. Steve (1999). Kids Killing Kids: Managing Violence and Gangs in Schools. St. Lucie Press, Boca Raton, Florida, p. 72. ISBN 1-57444-283-X.
  18. ^ "War and Peace in Watts" (2005-07-14). LA Weekly. Retrieved 2007-05-04.
  19. ^ Smith, Debra; Whitmore, Kathryn F. (2006). Literacy and Advocacy in Adolescent Family, Gang, School, and Juvenile Court Communities. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. ISBN 0-8058-5599-8.
  20. ^ Simpson, Colton (2005). Inside the Crips: Life Inside L.A.'s Most Notorious Gang. St. Martin's Press. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-312-32930-3. 
  21. ^ Simpson, Colton (2005). Inside the Crips: Life Inside L.A.'s Most Notorious Gang. St. Martin's Press. pp. 122–124. ISBN 978-0-312-32930-3. 

References

  • Leon Bing (1991). Do or Die: America's Most Notorious Gangs Speak for Themselves. Sagebrush. ISBN 0-8335-8499-5
  • Yusuf Jah, Sister Shah'keyah, Ice-T, UPRISING : Crips and Bloods Tell the Story of America's Youth In The Crossfire, ISBN 0-684-80460-3
  • Capozzoli, Thomas og McVey, R. Steve (1999). Kids Killing Kids: Managing Violence and Gangs in Schools. St. Lucie Press, Boca Raton, Florida, side. 72 ISBN 1-57444-283-X
  • National Drug Intelligence Center (2002). Drugs and Crime: Gang Profile: Crips (PDF). U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 2009-06-21.  Product no. 2002-M0465-001.
  • Shakur, Sanyika (1993). Monster: The Autobiography of an L.A. Gang Member, Atlantic Monthly Pr, ISBN 0-87113-535-3
  • Colton Simpson, Ann Pearlman, Ice-T (Foreword) (2005). Inside the Crips : Life Inside L.A.'s Most Notorious Gang (HB) ISBN 0-312-32929-6
  • Smith, Debra; Whitmore, Kathryn F. (2006). Literacy and Advocacy in Adolescent Family, Gang, School, and Juvenile Court Communities. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. ISBN 0-8058-5599-8.
  • Stanley Tookie Williams (2005). Blue Rage, Black Redemption: A Memoir (PB) ISBN 0-9753584-0-5

External links

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