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How to Make a Paper Crown - Cómo Hacer un Papel Corona
How to Make a Paper Crown - Cómo Hacer un Papel Corona
Published: 2015/09/03
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METAL HEADGEAR THAT INCREASES BRAIN CAPACITY... *WORKS*...
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DIY Paper Headpiece, Flower Crown @irenerudnykphoto Cheap and Easy
DIY Paper Headpiece, Flower Crown @irenerudnykphoto Cheap and Easy
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How to Draw Jewels - Kreedam / Headgear / Crown(Part 1) - Tanjore Painting For Beginners
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Channel: Creating Creativity
Crown (headgear)
Crown (headgear)
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Fallout 4 - Top 5 Unique Hats!
Fallout 4 - Top 5 Unique Hats!
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How to Draw Jewels - Kreedam/ Headgear / Crown(Part 2) - Tanjore Painting For Beginners
How to Draw Jewels - Kreedam/ Headgear / Crown(Part 2) - Tanjore Painting For Beginners
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Channel: Creating Creativity
DIY Butterfly Crown | ShowMeCute
DIY Butterfly Crown | ShowMeCute
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My Maleficent Horn Cap / Crown DIY Tutorial
My Maleficent Horn Cap / Crown DIY Tutorial
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"CROWN (HEADGEAR)" in Cantonese (皇冠) - Flashcard
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Crown (headgear)
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DIY - How to make Crown and Headband from paper
DIY - How to make Crown and Headband from paper
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Channel: TheTeacherTraining
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DIY Crown | Queen of Hearts
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HAT CLASSES - MILLINERY HOW TO BUCKRAM CROWNS TRAILER
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how to make carnival crown
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Skyrim - All Unique Clothing Pieces & Sets
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DIY Bridal Crystals & Pearls Tiara Hair Vine Headband Crown Bridal Hair Headpiece
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Hat Classes - Millinery How To Fabric Covered Dome Crown Trailer
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Published: 2012/05/15
Channel: Navah Yaban
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How To Make A Jubilee Crown
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Channel: Scribble
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✾ ❀ ❁ D.I.Y. Flower Crown Tutorial | MyInDulzens ✾ ❀ ❁
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EASY DIY  Hair Comb Tiara Bridal Headpiece Hair Vine Tutorial Crown
EASY DIY Hair Comb Tiara Bridal Headpiece Hair Vine Tutorial Crown
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DIY Flower Crown
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Kevin From JJ Hat Center: Crown shapes, modifications and variations,
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DIY Tutorial On How To Make A Crown
DIY Tutorial On How To Make A Crown
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Mister Maker: How to Make a Crown!
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How to make a king
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How To Make A Flower Crown
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Kids Paper Crown Tutorial- Scan N Cut
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DIY: How to Make a Flower Crown - Simple Way!
DIY: How to Make a Flower Crown - Simple Way!
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Super Smash Bros. (Wii U) - All Mii Headgear
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How to Make a Mermaid Crown out of Fishing Net //EASY// DIY #Boho Hair Accessory | The Magic Crafter
How to Make a Mermaid Crown out of Fishing Net //EASY// DIY #Boho Hair Accessory | The Magic Crafter
Published: 2016/07/12
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How to make a simple Feather Headpiece
How to make a simple Feather Headpiece
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Imperial State Crown of Great Britain, Tower of London. It incorporates the "Black Prince's Ruby", a 140 ct. Badakhshan spinel. This image of the crown was taken prior to the 1953 coronation, when the crown was modified for Queen Elizabeth II
Vajracarya's Ritual Crown, Ancient Nepal
Crown of Bolesław I the Brave from Poland. Replica made between 2001 and 2003 after the original 1000-year-old crown was destroyed in the late 18th century.[clarification needed]
The Seobongchong Golden Crown of Ancient Silla, which is 339th National Treasure of South Korea. It is basically following the standard type of Silla's Crown. It was excavated by Swedish Crown Prince Gustaf VI Adolf in 1926.

A crown is a traditional symbolic form of headwear worn by a monarch or by a deity, for whom the crown traditionally represents power, legitimacy, victory, triumph, honor, and glory, as well as immortality, righteousness, and resurrection. In art, the crown may be shown being offered to those on Earth by angels. Apart from the traditional form,[clarification needed] crowns also may be in the form of a wreath and be made of flowers, oak leaves, or thorns and be worn by others, representing what the coronation part aims to symbolize with the specific crown. In religious art, a crown of stars is used similarly to a halo. Crowns worn by rulers often contain jewels.

As an emblem[edit]

A crown is often an emblem of the monarchy, a monarch's government, or items endorsed by it. The word itself is used, particularly in Commonwealth countries, as an abstract name for the monarchy itself, as distinct from the individual who inhabits it (see The Crown). A specific type of crown (or coronet for lower ranks of peerage) is employed in heraldry under strict rules. Indeed, some monarchies never had a physical crown, just a heraldic representation, as in the constitutional kingdom of Belgium, where no coronation ever took place; the royal installation is done by a solemn oath in parliament, wearing a military uniform: the King is not acknowledged as by divine right, but assumes the only hereditary public office in the service of the law; so he in turn will swear in all members of "his" federal government.

  • Costume headgear imitating a monarch's crown is also called a crown. Such costume crowns may be worn by actors portraying a monarch, people at costume parties, or ritual "monarchs" such as the king of a Carnival krewe, or the person who found the trinket in a king cake.
  • The nuptial crown, sometimes called a coronal, worn by a bride, and sometimes the bridegroom, at her wedding is found in many European cultures since ancient times. In the present day, it is most common in Eastern Orthodox cultures. The Eastern Orthodox marriage service has a section called the crowning, wherein the bride and groom are crowned as "king" and "queen" of their future household. In Greek weddings, the crowns are diadems usually made of white flowers, synthetic or real, often adorned with silver or mother of pearl. They are placed on the heads of the newlyweds and are held together by a ribbon of white silk. They are then kept by the couple as a reminder of their special day. In Slavic weddings, the crowns are usually made of ornate metal, designed to resemble an imperial crown, and are held above the newlyweds heads by their best men. A parish usually owns one set to use for all the couples that are married there since these are much more expensive than Greek-style crowns. This was common in Catholic countries in the past.
  • Crowns are also often used as symbols of religious status or veneration, by divinities (or their representation such as a statue) or by their representatives, e.g. the Black Crown of the Karmapa Lama, sometimes used a model for wider use by devotees.
  • A Crown of thorns according to the Bible, was placed on the head of Jesus before his crucifixion and has become a common symbol of martyrdom.
  • According to Roman Catholic tradition, the Blessed Virgin Mary was crowned as Queen of Heaven after her assumption into heaven. She is often depicted wearing a crown, and statues of her in churches and shrines are ceremonially crowned during May.
  • The Crown of Immortality is also common in historical symbolism.
  • The heraldic symbol of Three Crowns, referring to the three evangelical Magi (wise men), traditionally called kings, is believed thus to have become the symbol of the Swedish kingdom, but it also fits the historical (personal, dynastic) Kalmar Union (1397–1520) between the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway.
  • Dancers of certain traditional Thai dances often wear crowns (mongkut) on their head. These are inspired in the crowns worn by deities and by kings.
  • In India, crowns is known as makuta (Sanskrit for "crest"), and have been used in India since ancient times and are described adorning Hindu gods or kings.
  • In pre-Hispanic Philippines, a crown-like diadems or Putong is wore by elite individuals and also deities, include array of golden ornaments.[1][2]

Terminology[edit]

Three distinct categories of crowns exist in those monarchies that use crowns or state regalia.

In Classical antiquity, the crown (corona) that was sometimes awarded to people other than rulers, such as triumphal military generals or athletes, was actually a wreath or chaplet, or ribbon-like diadem.

History[edit]

The Iron Crown of Lombardy, probably the most ancient royal insignia of Europe, used by the Holy Roman Empire and the Kingdom of Italy, kept in the Cathedral of Monza.
Crown of King George XII of Georgia made of gold and decorated with 145 diamonds, 58 rubies, 24 emeralds and 16 amethysts. It took the form of a circlet surmounted by ornaments and eight arches. A globe surmounted by a cross rested on the top of the crown.

The precursor to the crown was the browband called the diadem, which had been worn by the Achaemenid Persian emperors, was adopted by Constantine I, and was worn by all subsequent rulers of the later Roman Empire.

Numerous crowns of various forms were used in antiquity, such as the Hedjet, Deshret, the Pschent double crown, and Khepresh of Pharaonic Egypt.

The corona radiata, the "radiant crown" known best on the Statue of Liberty, and perhaps worn by the Helios that was the Colossus of Rhodes, was worn by Roman emperors as part of the cult of Sol Invictus prior to the Roman Empire's conversion to Christianity. It was referred to as "the chaplet studded with sunbeams” by Lucian, about 180 AD.[3]

Perhaps the oldest extant Christian crown in Europe is the Iron Crown of Lombardy, of Roman and Longobard age, later again used to crown modern Kings of Napoleonic and Austrian Italy, and to represent united Italy after 1860.

In the Christian tradition of European cultures, where ecclesiastical sanction authenticates monarchic power, when a new monarch assumes the throne in a coronation ceremony, the crown is placed on the new monarch's head by a religious official. Some, though not all early Holy Roman Emperors travelled to Rome at some point in their careers to be crowned by the pope. Napoleon, according to legend, surprised Pius VII when he reached out and crowned himself, although in reality this order of ceremony had been pre-arranged (see coronation).

Today, only the British Monarchy and Tongan Monarchy continue this tradition as the only remaining anointed and crowned monarchs, though many monarchies retain a crown as a national symbol in heraldry. The French Crown Jewels were sold in 1885 on the orders of the Third French Republic, with only a token number, with their precious stones replaced by glass, held on to for historic reasons and displayed by the Louvre. The Spanish Crown Jewels were destroyed in a major fire in the 18th century while the so-called "Irish Crown Jewels" (actually merely the British Sovereign's insignia of the Most Illustrious Order of St Patrick) were stolen from Dublin Castle in 1907, just before the investiture of Bernard Edward Barnaby FitzPatrick, 2nd Baron Castletown.

Special headgear to designate rulers dates back to pre-history, and is found in many separate civilizations around the globe. Commonly, rare and precious materials are incorporated into the crown, but that is only essential for the notion of crown jewels. Gold and precious jewels are common in western and oriental crowns. In the Native American civilizations of the Pre-Columbian New World, rare feathers, such as that of the quetzal, often decorated crowns; so too in Polynesia (e.g. Hawaii).

  • Coronation is often combined with other rituals, such as enthronement (the throne is as much a symbol of monarchy as the crown) and anointing (again religious sanction, the only defining act in the Biblical tradition of Israel).

In other cultures, no crown is used in the equivalent of coronation, but the head may still be otherwise symbolically adorned, as a royal tikka in the Hindu tradition of India.

Image gallery[edit]

Numismatics[edit]

Because one or more crowns, alone or as part of a more elaborate design, often appear on coins, several monetary denominations came to be known as 'a crown' (see Crown (British coin)) or the equivalent word in the local language, such as krone. This persists in the case of the national currencies of the Scandinavian countries and the Czech Republic. The generic term "crown sized" is frequently used for any coin roughly the size of an American silver dollar.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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