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making the crown of charlemagne
making the crown of charlemagne
::2014/06/13::
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No Mirror Makeup Challenge with Crown & Glory!
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Floral Crowns: Statement Style With DollyBowBow S01E2/4
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Crown Sterling Silver Charm Style 119
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Crown Sterling Silver Charm Style 8250
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Fancy Headgear - Philadelphia Lner (1938)
::2014/04/13::
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Headgear
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::2013/05/17::
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Mother 3 (ENGLISH)-How to/Guide to get the Awesome Crown
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Marbhumi by Mukut (The Musical Headgear)
::2013/09/29::
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Lady Gaga quickly discovers the perils of her outlandish feathered headgear
Lady Gaga quickly discovers the perils of her outlandish feathered headgear
::2013/10/30::
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Stratford Prepares (1964)
::2014/04/13::
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::2011/11/20::
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The Green Wing Crown of Confidence
::2006/07/03::
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Gele / Aso oke/ Headgear tutorials
::2013/08/07::
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Helmets and Headgear collections
Helmets and Headgear collections
::2013/06/17::
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::2012/05/05::
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Skyrim: Serana's Headgear Switch
::2014/04/20::
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::2012/11/29::
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Dark Souls II - Part 48: New Headgear
::2014/06/11::
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Kesean Bagwell Red Headgear vs Maximum Garland
::2014/03/01::
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US Army Adopts Stetson as Official Headgear!
US Army Adopts Stetson as Official Headgear!
::2011/04/03::
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Headgear set up
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Kesean Bagwell Red Headgear vs Lawrence Malcolm
::2014/01/04::
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Skyrim #217 - How to Wear Two Pieces of Enchanted Headgear
Skyrim #217 - How to Wear Two Pieces of Enchanted Headgear
::2012/07/19::
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BCS TV - The Armchair Jockeys on Headgear
::2012/09/12::
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kid throws headgear
::2012/12/04::
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S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Call of Pripyat - Part 9: New Headgear
::2013/11/28::
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EasyLife CPAP Mask from Philips Respironics - Patient Sleep Supplies
::2012/10/09::
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Kesean Bagwell Red Headgear  VS. Lawrence Malcolm
Kesean Bagwell Red Headgear VS. Lawrence Malcolm
::2014/01/04::
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::2011/09/17::
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Madam Kofo... Unbeatable Headgear
::2012/07/30::
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TF2 : Unusual Honcho's Headgear : Stormy Storm
::2013/05/04::
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Skyrim DLC: Ancient Falmer Crown Location
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HEADGEAR at GUESSWHO PART TWO
::2011/12/29::
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Saint Seiya Sanctuary Battle: Headgear Edition(unboxing em PT-BR)
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::2011/07/20::
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Where To Find The Ancient Falmer Crown part 1!!!
Where To Find The Ancient Falmer Crown part 1!!!
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TrueBlue_Introduction_from_Philips_Respironics by 1800CPAP.COM.mp4
::2012/06/13::
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Skyrim Glitch | Double headgear
Skyrim Glitch | Double headgear
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The Magic Headgear!!
The Magic Headgear!!
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BCS TV - The Triple Crown Challenge
BCS TV - The Triple Crown Challenge
::2012/09/12::
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360 WAVES HEADGEAR.avi
360 WAVES HEADGEAR.avi
::2011/11/19::
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(English) Bandai Saint Cloth Crown Sagittarius Seiya
(English) Bandai Saint Cloth Crown Sagittarius Seiya
::2011/09/30::
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Hairy headgear
Hairy headgear
::2009/07/24::
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Combination Headgear
Combination Headgear
::2012/09/05::
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sick ski headgear
sick ski headgear
::2010/02/20::
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Crown XTi 4002 Unboxed
Crown XTi 4002 Unboxed
::2011/10/25::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Imperial State Crown of Great Britain, Tower of London. It incorporates the "Black Prince's Ruby", a 140 ct. Badakhshan spinel. This image of the crown was taken prior to the 1953 coronation, when the crown was modified for Queen Elizabeth II
The crown of King Christian IV of Denmark, currently located in Rosenborg Castle, Copenhagen.

A crown is the traditional symbolic form of headgear worn by a monarch or by a deity, for whom the crown traditionally represents power, legitimacy, victory, triumph, honour, and glory, as well as immortality, righteousness, and resurrection. In art, the crown may be shown being offered to those on Earth by angels. Apart from the traditional form, crowns also may be in the form of a wreath and be made of flowers, oak leaves or thorns and be worn by others, representing what the coronation part aims to symbolize with the specific crown. In religious art, a crown of stars is used similarly to a halo. Crowns worn by rulers often contain jewels.

Terminology[edit]

Three distinct categories of crowns exist in those monarchies that use crowns or state regalia.

In Classical antiquity, the crown (corona) that was sometimes awarded to people other than rulers, such as triumphal military generals or athletes, was actually a wreath or chaplet, or ribbon-like diadem.

History[edit]

The Iron Crown of Lombardy, probably the most ancient royal insignia of Europe, kept in the Cathedral of Monza.
Crown of King George XII of Georgia made of gold and decorated with 145 diamonds, 58 rubies, 24 emeralds and 16 amethysts. It took the form of a circlet surmounted by ornaments and eight arches. A globe surmounted by a cross rested on the top of the crown.

The precursor to the crown was the browband called the diadem, which had been worn by the Achaemenid Persian emperors, was adopted by Constantine I, and was worn by all subsequent rulers of the later Roman Empire.

Numerous crowns of various forms were used in Antiquity, such as the White crown, Red Crown, combined Pschent crown and blue crown of Pharaonic Egypt.

The corona radiata, the "radiant crown" known best on the Statue of Liberty, and perhaps worn by the Helios that was the Colossus of Rhodes, was worn by Roman emperors as part of the cult of Sol Invictus prior to the Roman Empire's conversion to Christianity. It was referred to as "the chaplet studded with sunbeams” by Lucian, about 180 AD (in Alexander the false prophet).

Perhaps the oldest extant Christian crown in Europe is the Iron Crown of Lombardy, of Roman and Longobard age, later again used to crown modern Kings of Napoleonic and Austrian Italy, and to represent united Italy after 1860.

In the Christian tradition of European cultures, where ecclesiastical sanction authenticates monarchic power, when a new monarch assumes the throne in a coronation ceremony, the crown is placed on the new monarch's head by a religious official. Some, though not all early Holy Roman Emperors travelled to Rome at some point in their careers to be crowned by the pope. Napoleon, according to legend, surprised Pius VII when he reached out and crowned himself, although in reality this order of ceremony had been pre-arranged: see coronation.

Today, only the British Monarchy and Tongan Monarchy continue this tradition as the only remaining anointed and crowned monarchs, though many monarchies retain a crown as a national symbol in heraldry. The French Crown Jewels were sold in 1885 on the orders of the Third French Republic, with only a token number, with their precious stones replaced by glass, held on to for historic reasons and displayed by the Louvre. The Spanish Crown Jewels were destroyed in a major fire in the eighteenth century while the so-called "Irish Crown Jewels" (actually merely the British Sovereign's insignia of the Most Illustrious Order of St Patrick) were stolen from Dublin Castle in 1907, just before the investiture of Bernard Edward Barnaby FitzPatrick, 2nd Baron Castletown.

Heraldic crown of the Russian Empire

Special headgear to designate rulers dates back to pre-history, and is found in many separate civilizations around the globe. Commonly, rare and precious materials are incorporated into the crown, but that is only essential for the notion of crown jewels. Gold and precious jewels are common in western and oriental crowns. In the Native American civilizations of the Pre-Columbian New World, rare feathers, such as that of the quetzal, often decorated crowns; so too in Polynesia (e.g. Hawaii).

  • Coronation is often combined with other rituals, such as enthronement (the throne is as much a symbol of monarchy as the crown) and anointing (again religious sanction, the only defining act in the Biblical tradition of Israel).

In other cultures no crown is used in the equivalent of coronation, but the head may still be otherwise symbolically adorned, as a royal tikka in the Hindu tradition of India.

As an emblem[edit]

A crown is often an emblem of the monarchy, a monarch's government, or items endorsed by it. The word itself is used, particularly in Commonwealth countries, as an abstract name for the monarchy itself, as distinct from the individual who inhabits it (see The Crown). A specific type of crown (or coronet for lower ranks of peerage) is employed in heraldry under strict rules. Indeed some monarchies never had a physical crown, just a heraldic representation, as in the constitutional kingdom of Belgium, where no coronation ever took place; the royal installation is done by a solemn oath in parliament, wearing a military uniform: the King is not acknowledged as by divine right, but assumes the only hereditary public office in the service of the law; so he in turn will swear in all members of "his" federal government.

  • Costume headgear imitating a monarch's crown is also called a crown. Such costume crowns may be worn by actors portraying a monarch, people at costume parties, or ritual "monarchs" such as the king of a Carnival krewe, or the person who found the trinket in a king cake.
  • The Eastern Orthodox marriage service has a section called the crowning, wherein the bride and groom are crowned as "king" and "queen" of their future household. In Greek weddings, the crowns are diadems usually made of white flowers, synthetic or real, often adorned with silver or mother of pearl. They are placed on the heads of the newlyweds and are held together by a ribbon of white silk. They are then kept by the couple as a reminder of their special day. In Slavic weddings, the crowns are usually made of ornate metal, designed to resemble an imperial crown, and are held above the newlyweds heads by their best men. A parish usually owns one set to use for all the couples that are married there since these are much more expensive than Greek-style crowns.
  • Women, mainly girls, sometimes connect flowers together in a chain, and wear the wreath as if it were a crown (see illustration below).
  • Crowns are also often used as symbols of religious status or veneration, by divinities (or their representation such as a statue) or by their representatives, e.g. the Black Crown of the Karmapa Lama, sometimes used a model for wider use by devotees.
  • A Crown of thorns according to the Bible, was placed on the head of Jesus before his crucifixion and has become a common symbol of martyrdom.
  • According to Roman Catholic tradition the Blessed Virgin Mary was crowned as Queen of Heaven after her assumption into heaven. She is often depicted wearing a crown, and statues of her in churches and shrines are ceremonially crowned during May.
  • The Crown of Immortality is also common in historical symbolism.
  • The heraldic symbol of Three Crowns, referring to the three evangelical Magi (wise men), traditionally called kings, is believed thus to have become the symbol of the Swedish kingdom, but it also fits the historical (personal, dynastic) Kalmar Union (1397–1520) between the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden and Norway.
  • Dancers of certain traditional Thai dances often wear crowns on their head. These are inspired in the crowns worn by deities and kings.

Gallery[edit]

Numismatics[edit]

Because one or more crowns, alone or as part of a more elaborate design, often appear on coins, several monetary denominations came to be known as 'a crown' or the equivalent word in the local language, such as krone. This persists in the case of the national currencies of the Scandinavian countries and the Czech Republic. The crown of the United Kingdom became a commemorative coin and, as at a value of 25p was last minted in 1981, although the size was resurrected for 5 pound pieces. The generic term "crown sized" is frequently used for any coin roughly the size of an American silver dollar.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


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